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Geo. G. (George Goudie) Chisholm.

A pronouncing vocabulary of geographical names, with notes on spelling and pronunciation and explanatory lists and derivations online

. (page 8 of 15)
Online LibraryGeo. G. (George Goudie) ChisholmA pronouncing vocabulary of geographical names, with notes on spelling and pronunciation and explanatory lists and derivations → online text (page 8 of 15)
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Narcondam, nar-kon-dam' (Ind.) igl.
Narenta, na-ren'ta (Aust.) r.
Narowa, nii-ro'va (Rus.) r.
Narraganset, nar-ra-gan'set (U. 8.)
Narraingunge, niir-ra-in-gunj' (Ind.)
Na»eby, naz'bi (Eng.)
Nashua, na8h'u-a(U. S.)
Nassau, nils'sou (Ger.)
Natal, na-tal' (E. Af.)
Natauchta, na-touch'ta (Tur.) r.
Natchez, nach'iz (U. S.)



Natchitoches, nak'i-tosh (U. S.)
Natunas, na-tb'nas (China) isls.
Naugatuck, ua'ga-tuk (U. S.)
Naumburg, noum'bbrg (Prus.)
Naundoorbar, nan-dbr-bar' (Ind.)
Nauplia, na'ple-a (Gr.)
Nauta, na'uta (Ecuad.)
Nauvoo, na-vb'(U. S.)
Nava-del-Rey, na-va-del-re'e (Sp.)
Navahermosa, na-va-er-mo'sa (Sp.)
Navahoa, na-va-6'a (Mex.)
Naval, na-val' (Sp.)
Navalcamero, na-val-kar-ne'ro (Sp.)
Navalnioral, na-val-mo-ral' (Sp.)
Navalrerski, na-val-rar'ski (Rns.)ft.
Navan, na-van' (Ir.)
Navarino, na-va-re'n6(Gr.)
Navarra, na-var'ra (Pen.)
Navasota, na-va-s6'ta (Mex.) r.
Naxia, naks'e-a (Mex.)
Nazaire, St., safi na-zar'(Fr.)
Neagh, Lough, lo6h na; locally, na'a6h

(Ir.)
Neath, neth (Wales)
Nebraska, ne-bras'ka (U. S.)
Neches, nech'iz (U. S.)
Neckalofa, nek-ka-16'fa (S. Pac.)
Neckar-Gremiind, nek-kar-ge-mOnd'

(Ger.)
Nedenes, na'de-nas (Nor.)
Nederbrakel, na-der-bra'kel (Bel.)
Neemutch, ne-much' (Ind.)
Neftenbach, nef ten-bach (Switz.)
Negapatam, na-ga-pa-tani' (Ind.)
Negombo, ne-gom'bo (Ceylon)
Negri Sembilan, nu'gre sem'bi-lan (Mai.

Pen.)
Negro, Rio, re'6 na'gro (S. Am.) r.
Nehavend, na-ha'vend (Pers.)
Neheini, na'him (Prus.)
Nehrung, na'rbng (Prus.)
Neidenburg, ni'd«n-bbT^ (Prus.)
Neilgherries, nel-ge'riz (Ind.)
Neilston, nel'sten (Scot.)
Neirai, nl'ra-e (S. Pac.) isl.
Neirone, na-e-ro'na (It.)
Neisse, nis'se (Prus.)
Nejd, nejd (Ar.)
Nejin, ne-zhen' rRus.)
Nemaha, ne'ma-na (U. S.)
Nemethi, na-ma'te (Aust.)
Nemours, na-raor'(Fr.)
Nenagh, ne'na; locally, ne'nath (Ir.)
Nene, nen (Eng.) r.
Neots, St., sant, colloquially sint ne'ots

(Eng.)
Nepaul, ne-pal' (Ind.)
Nepean, ne-pe'an (S. Pac.) isl.
Nephin, nef'in (Ir.) mt.
Nepissing, nep'is-ing (Can.)



zh, amre. French, yte, bQt;



bl^, neuf ;



fc, on. German, th, nacht.



Nep



PRONOUNCING VOCABULARY.



Nod



Nepomuck, na'po-mok (Bohem.)
Nescopeck, nes'ko-pek (U. S.)
Neshaminy, ne-sham'i-ni (U. S.)
Nestved, nast'vaTH (Den.)
Nesvij, nas'vezh (Rus.)
Nether Stowey, nelH'er sto'i (Eng.)
Netolitz, na'to-lets (Bohem.)
Nettstal, nets'tal (Switz.)
Nettuno, nat-Wno (It.)
Neuberg, noi'berg (Ger.)
Neiichatel, neu-sha-tel' (Switz.)
Neudamm, noi'dam (Prus.)
Neudorf , noi'dorf (Ger.)
Neuenburg, noi'en-borg (Ger. ; Switz.)
Neufchateau, neu-sha-to' (Fr. ; Bel.)
Neufch&tel, neu-sha-tel' (Switz.)
Neugedein, noi'ge-din (Bohem.)
Neuhausel, noi'hauz-el (Hung.)
Neuilly-sur-Seine, neti-e-lye'sOr-san" or

neu-e-ye'sflr-san" (Fr.)
Neukirch, noi'kerCh (Switz.)
Neupaka, noi-pa'ka (Bohem.)
Neusalz, noi'zalts (Prus.)
Neuse, nyus (U. S.)
Neu-Shehr, na'o-shar (As. Mi.)
Neusiedl, noi-zedl' (Aust.)
Neusiedler See, noi-zed'ler za(Hung.)i.
Neustadt, noi'stat (Ger. ; Prus. ; Aust.)
Neu-Strelitz, noi'stra-lets (Ger.)
Neutitschein, noi-tet'shin (Aust.)
Neuwedel, noi'va-del (Prus.)
Neuwied, noi'ved (Prus.)
Neva, nya'va (Rus.) r.
Nevada, Sierra, se-ei-'ra ne-va'THa (Sp.)
Nevada y Motilones, ne-va'THa e mot-

i-16'nes(Col.)
Neville, ne-vel'lye (Mex.)
Nevis, ne'vis (W. Ind.) isl.
Newark, nyo'ark (Eng.; U. S.)
Newbigging, nyo'big-ing (Scot.)
Newbridge, nyo'brij (Wales)
New Brunswick, nyo-brunz'wik (Can.)
Newburgh, nyo'bu-ru (Scot.)
Newbury, nyo'be-ri (Eng.)
Newcastle, nyo'kas-el (Eng.)
Newent, nyo'ent (Eng.)
Newfoundland, nyu-found'land. Am.

pronun. nyo-found-land' (N. Am.)
New Granada, nyo gra-na'da (S. Am.)
New Orleans, nyo oi-'le-anz (U. S.)
Newry, nyd'ri (Ir.)
Nexel, nek'sel (Den.) isl.
Nexoe, nek'seu-e (Den.)
Ngami, nga'me (S. At) I.
Nganhoei, ngan-ho-a'e; almost ngan-

hwa' (China)
Niagara, ni-ag'a-ra (Can.)
Niam-Niam, ne-am'ne-ani" (Af. ) tn.
Nias, ne-as' (Ind. Ocean) isl.



Nicaragua, ne-ka-ra'gwa (N. Am.)
Nice, nes (It.)

Nicobar, nik-6-bar' (As.) isls.
Nicolaiev, ne-ko-li'yef (Rus.)/^
Nicolas, St., sah ne-ko-la' (Bel.)
Nicolosi, ne-ko-16'se (It.)
Nicomedia, ne-ko-ma'de-a (As. >0.)
Nicopoli, ne-ko'po-le (Tur.)
Nicosia, ne-ko-se'a (Sic. ; Cyprus)
Nicoya, ne-ko'ya (Mex.) g.
Niederbaiern, ne-der-bi'6rn (Ger.)
Niemen, nya'men (Rus.) r.
Niengyan, nyeng-yan' (Bur.)
Nieuwendam, nyeu'ven-dam (Neth.)
Nieuweveld, nyo' felt- (Cape Col.)
Nifevre, ne-avr' (Fr.) dep.
Nigdeh, neg'de (Tur.)
Niger, ni'j6r (Af.) r.
Niigata, ne-e-ga'ta (Jap.)
Niihau, ne-e-hou' (Sand. Isls.)
Nijar, ne-6har' (Sp.)
Nijehaske, 'u-e-has'ke (Neth.)
Nijkerk, ni'kerk (Neth.)
Nijmegen, ni'ma-gen (Neth.)

Nijnei-Lomov, nizh-ni-16-mov' (Rus.)

Nijnei-Novgorod, nizh - ni - nov ' go - rod
(Rus.)

Nikita, n6-ke'ta (Rus.)

Nikolai, ne'ko-li (Prus.)

Nikolsburg, ne'kols-bbrg (Aust.)

Nikolskaia, ne-kol-ski'ya (Rus.)

Nikopol, ne'ko-pol (Tur.)

Nilgherry, nil-ge'ri (Ind.) mt.

Nimar, ne-mar' (Ind.)

Nimptsch, nempch (Prus.)

Nimwegen, nim-va'gen (Neth.)

Ning-Hia, ning-hya' (China)

Ninose, ne-no'sa (Jap.)

Ninove, ne-no'va (Bel.)

Niort, ne-or' (Fr.)

Niphon, ne-fon' (Jap.)

Nipissing, nip'is-ing (N. Am.) I.

Nishapoor, ne-sha-poi"' (Pers.)

Nismes, nem (Fr.)

Nitcheguon, nich'e-gwon (N. Am.) i.

Nitherohi, ne-te-ro'e (Braz.)

Nivelles, ne-vel' (Bel.)

Nivemais, ne-var-na' (Fr.)

Nixdorf, neks'dorf (Bohem.)

Niza, ne'za (Port.)

Nizam, ne-zam' (Ind.)

Nizza, net'sa {It)

Njurunda, nyo-ron'da (Swe.)

Noakote, no-a-ko'te (Nepaul.)

Noale, no-a'la (It.)

Noalejo, no-a-le'cho (Sp.)

Nocera, no-cha'ra (It.)

Noceto, no-che'to (Sp.)

Nodwengu, nod-weng'gu (S. Af.)



Fate, far, fat, fall; me, met, h6r, golden; pine, pin; note, not, move;
tub, bull; oil, pound; ch, cAain; g, go', j, ;ob; y, j/es; IH, «Aen; th, thin',

(68)



Nog



PRONOUNCING VOCABULARY.



Ocz



Nogent, no-zhon' (Ft.)
Nogiiera, no-ge'ra (Sp.) r.
Nohcacab, no-ka-kab' (Mex.)
Noirmont, nwgr-mon' (Switz.)
Noirmoutiers, nwar-mo-te-a' (Fr.)
Nontron, noii-troft' (Fr.)
Noordbroek, nord'brok (Xeth.)
Noordwijkerhout, nord'vi-ker-hout

(Neth.)
Norcia, nor'cha (It.) .
Nord, nor (Fr.) dep.
Nordemey, nor'der-ni (Ger.)
Norderoog, noi-'der-66h (Neth.) isl.
Nordkyn, nor'ktin (Nor.) c.
Nordlingen, neurd'ling-eu (Ger.)
Nordmalinse, nor-ma'ling-a (Nor.)
Nordstrand, nor'stran (Den.) isl.
Nora, nor (Eng.)
Norfolk, nor'fok (Eng.)
Norridgewock, nor'rij-wok (U. S.)
Norrkoping, nor-ch^p'ing (Swe.)
Norrska Fiellen, norsTca fe-el'len (Nor.)
Norrtelge, nor-tal'ya (Swe.)
Nort, nor (Fr.)

Northallerton, north-allSr-ton (Eng.)
Northampton, north-amp'ton (Eng.)
Northeira, nopt'him (Ger.)
Northumberland, nor-thumTiSr-land

(Eng.)
Northwich, north'wlch (En^.)
Norwich, nor'ich (Eng.); norich or nor'-

wlch (U. S.)
Nossibe, nos-si-ba' (Ind. Oc.) isl.
Notaro, no-ta'ro (It.)
Notteroe, not'ta-reu-e (Nor. ) isl.
Nottingham, not'ing-am (Eng.)
Noumea, no-ma-a' (N. Caled.)
Nouvions, no-ve-6u'(Fr.)
Novara, no-va'ra (It.)
Nova Scotia, no'va sko'shi-a CN. Am.)
Novaya Zemlya, no-vi'ya zem'lya(Ru3.)

uils.
Nova Zembla, no'va zem'bla (Rus.)
Novelda, no-vel'da (Sp.)
Noventa, no-van'ta (It.)
Novgorod, nov'go-rod (Rus.)
Novi-Bazar, no-ve-ba-zar' (Bosnia)
Novi Ligure, no've le-gb'ra (It.)
Novomirgorod, n6-v5-mer'go-rod

(Rus.)
Noya, no'ya (Sp.)
Noyer, Le, 16 nwji-ya' (Fr.)
Nueva, nu-e'va(Pen.)
Nuevitas, nwe-vg'taa (Cuba)
Nuevo Leon, nu-e'v6 le-6n' (Mex.)
Nu-Gariep, no-ga-rep' (S. Af.) r.
Nuggur, nug'gfer (Ind.)
Nuits, ntt-e'(Fr.)

Nuka-Hiva, noTia-he-va (S. Pac.) isl.
Numansdorp, nfi'manz-dorp (Neth.)



Nun, non (Mar. ; W. Af. ; Manchoor.)
Nundydroog, nun-di-drbg' (Ind.)
Nuneaton, mm-e'ton (Eng.)
Nunez, Rio, re'o no-nez' ("W. Af.) r.
Nunivack, nun'i-vak (Behring's Sea) isl.
Nurnberg, niini'berg (Ger.)
Nurpur, nor-por' (Ind.)
Niirtingen, n<lr'ting-en (Ger.)
Nusserabad, nus-ser-a-bad' (Ind.)
Nuyt's Archipelago, noits ar-ki-pel'a-

go (Austral.)
Nyack, ni'ak (U. S.)
Nyangwe, nyang'we (Af.)
Nyassa, nyas'sa (E. Af.)
Nyby, nii'bft (Swe. )
Nyeborg or Nyborg, nii'e-borg or nf-

borg (Den.)
Nyegaard, n<i'e-gor (Den.)
Nyhamni, nu'ham (Swe.)
Nyiregyhdza, nyer-edzh-ha'zo (Hung.)
Nykerk, ni'kerk (Neth.)
Nykobing, nii-ky^b'eng (Den.)
Nykbping, nii-cheup'ing (Swe.)
Nyslott, nu'slot (Rus.)
Nystad, nti'stad (Rus.)
Nysted, nfi'sted (Den.)



o.



Oahu, 6-a-ho' (Sand. Isls.)
Oajaca. o-a-6ha'ka (Mex.)
Oban, o'ban (Scot.)
Obe or Obi, 6'be (Rus.) r.
Obeid, o-ba'ed (Af.)
Oberlin, oTifir-lm (U. S.)
Obernai, o-ber-na' (Alsace)
Oberstein, oTjer-stin (Ger.)
Oberuzweil, 6-ber-ots'vil (Switz.)
Oberwesel, o-ber-va'zel (Prus.)
Obidos, 6-be-d6s' (Port. ; Braz.)
Oboyan or Obojan, o'bo-yan (Rus.)
Ocafta, o-ka'nya (Sp.)
Occimiano, ot-che-me-ji'no (It.)
Occoquan, ok'ko-kwan (U. S.)
Oceania, o-she-an'i-a (Pac. Oc.)
Oceola, 6-86-6'la (U. S.)
Ochakov, och-U-kof (Rus.)!?^
Ochill Hills, 66h'il hilz (Scot.)
Ochiltree, odi'el-tre (Scot.)
Ochotsk, 6-Chotsk' (Rus.) sea
Ochrida, 6-6hre'da (Tur.^
Ochsenfurt, oks'en-fbrt (Ger.)
Ochta, o6h'tii(Rus.)
Ocmulgee, ok-miil'ge (U. S.)
Oconee, 6-k6'ne (U. S.)
Ocosingo, o-ko-sing'go (Mex.)
Octorara, ok-to-ra'ra (U. S.)
OczakofT, och-a-kof (Rus.)/«.



zh, ware.



French, vHe, b&t; bleti, neuf ; h, on.
(W)



German, 6b, nacAt



Ode



PRONOUNCING VOCABULARY.



Oph



Odemira, 6-da-me'ra (Port.)
Odense, 6'den-sa (Den.)
Odensholm, o'denz-holm (Rus.) isl.
Odenwald, o'den-valt (Ger.)
Oderau, 6'de-rou (Aust.)
Oderzo, 6-dar'tso (It.)
Odessa, 6-des'sa (Eus.)
Odeypoor, o-di-pbi-' (Ind.)
Oedenbur^, eu'den-bbrg (Aust.)
Oedenrode, St., sant o'den-ro-de (Neth.)
Oederan, eU'de-ran (Ger.)
Oehringen, eti'ring-en (Ger.)
Oeiras, 6-a'e-ras ; almost wa'ras (Port. ;

Braz.)
Oeland, eu'lan (Swe.) isl.
Oerebro or Orebro, eu're-bro (Swe.)
Oeta, e'ta (Gr.) mt.
Oettingen, eut'ing-en (Ger.)
Of en, 6'fen(Au8t.)
Ogahden, o-ga'den (E. Af.)
Ogeechee, o-ge'che (U. S.) r.
Oglethorpe, 6'gel-thorp (U. S.)
Oglio, o'lyo (It.) r.

Ogovf6 or Ogowai, og'o-wa (W. Af.) r.
Ohanez, 6-ha-neth' (Sp. )
Ohasaka, o-ha-sa'ka (Jap.)
Ohio, o-hi'6(U. S.)r.
Ohiva-Oa, 6-he'va-o'a (S. Pac.) isl.
Ohlau, 6'lou (Ger.)
Ohomura, o-ho-mo'ra (Jap.)
Oiat, 6'yat (Rus.)r.
Oich, Loch, loch oidh (Scot.)
Oignies, wa-nye' (Bel.)
Oignon, wa-nyon' (Fr.) r.
Oirschot, 6'ir-s6hot (Neth.)
Oisterwijk, 6'is-ter-vik (Neth.)
Okehampton, ok'hamp-ton (Eng.)
Okhota, 6-6h6'ta (Sib.) r.
Okhotsk, 6-6hotsk'(A8.)
Okladnikovo, ok-lad-ne-ko'vo (Rus.) I.
Olbernhau, ol'bern-hou (Ger.)
Oldeboom, ol-d6-born' (Neth.)
Oldenburg, 61'den-borg (Ger.)
Oldeslo, ol'des-leu (Ger.)
Oldham, old'ara (Eng.)
Olean, 6-le-an' (U. S.)
Olekma, o-lek'ma (As.) r.
Olenek, 6'la-nek (Sib.) r.
016ron, 6-la-roft' (Fr.)
Olesa, 6-le'sa(Sp.)
Oletzko, 6-lets'ko (Prus.)
Olevano, 6-la-va'n6 (It.)
Olgiate, 61-ja'ta, (It.)
Olginate, 61-je-na'ta (It.)
Oliena, 6-le-a'na (It.)
Olif ant's River, ol'i-fants ri'v6r (S. Af.)
Oliva, 6-le'va(Sp.)
Olivaes, ol-e-va'es (Port.)
Olivares, o-le-va-res' (Sp.)



Oliveira, o-le-va'e-ra (Port. ; Brazil.)

Olivenza, o-le-ven'tha (Sp.)

Oliveto, o-le-va'to (It.)

Olkanskaia, ol-kan-ski'ya (Rus.)

Olkhon, ol'6h6n (Sib.) isl.

OUeria, 6-lye-re'a (Sp.)

Olmedo, 6l-me'THo (Sp.)

Olmeto, ol-ma'to (Cors.)

Olmiitz, ol'mflts (Aust.)

Olney, orni(Eng.)

Olonetz, 6'16-nets (Rus.)

Oloron, 6-l6-r5fi' (Fr.)

Olten, 61' ten (Switz.)

Oltenitza, 61-ta-net'sa (Tur.)

Olutorskoi, o-lO-tors'ko-e (Sib.) c.

Olvera, 61-ve'ra (Sp.)

Omagh, o'ma; locally, o-ma6h'(Ir.)

Omaha, o'ma-hji (U. S.)

Oman, o-man' ( Ar. )

Ombay, 6m-bi' (East. Arch.) iM.

Ombergsheden, 6m'bergs-ha-den (Swe.)

Omer, St., saii-to-mar' (Fr.)

Ometeque, 6-me-te'ke (Cent. Am.)

Omoa, 6-m6'a (Cent. Am.)

Omoe, o'meu-e (Den.) isl.

Omolon, o-mo-lon' (Sib.) r.

Onate, 6-nya'te (Sp.)

OneaHalgan, o-ne'a hal'gan (S. Pac.) is?.

Onega, 6-nya'ga (Rus. ) 2>i!.

Oneglia, 6-na'lya(It.)

Oneida, 6-ni'da (U. S.)

Onekotan, o-ne'ko-tan (N. Pac.) isl.

Onnaing, 6n-nafi' (Fr.)

Onon, o'non (Mongolia) r.

Onondaga, on-on-da'ga (U. S.)

Onstwedde, ons-tved'de (Neth.)

Ontario, on-ta'ri-o (N. Am.)

Onteniente, on-te-ne-en'te (Sp.)

Ontonagon, on-to-nag'on (U. S.)

Oo, 6 (Fr.)

Oojein, b-jin' (Ind.)

Oonalashka, b-na-lash'ka (N. Pac.) isl.

Oonimak, b-ni-mak' (N. Pac.) isl.

Oonjara, bn-ja'ra (Ind.)

Oordegem, or'de-gem (Bel.)

Oorfa, br'fa (Tur.)

Oorga, br'ga (Cent. As.)

Ooroomiyah, b-rb-me'ya (Per.)

Oosima, b-se'ma (Jap.)

Oosterbeek os'ter-bak (Neth.)

Oosterhout, os'ter-hout (Neth.)

Oostkerke, ost'ker-ke (Neth.)

Ootacamund, b-ta-ka-mund' (Ind.)

Ootmarssum, ot-mars'sum (Neth.)

Ootradroog, b-tra-drbg' (Ind.)

Opatow, o-pa-tof (Rus. )

Opelousas, op-e-lb'sas (U. S.)

Openshaw, o'pen-sha (Eng.)

Ophir, b'fer (Mai. Pen.) mt.



Fate, far, fat, fall; me, met, her, golden; pine, pin; note, not, move;
tub, buU; oil, pound; ch, c^ain; g, go; hjoh; y, j/es; tk, then; th, thin;

(60)



Opo



PRONOUNCING VOCABULARY.



OVLg



Opoczno, 6-poch'n6 (Rus.)

Oporto, o-por'to (Port.)

Oppeln, op'pcln (Prus.)

Oppenheim, op'peu-him (Gter.)

Oppido, 6p'pe-do (It.)

Oragawa, 6-ra-ga'wa (Jap.)

Oran, 6-raix' (Alg.)

Orange, 6-rohzh' (Fr.)

Orani, 6-ra'ne (It.)

Oranieuburg, o-ra'ne-en-borg (Prus.) r.

Oranmore, o-ran-ni6r'(Ir.)

Oravicza, 6-ra-ve'tsa (Hung.)

Orbey, 6r-ba' (Alsace)

Orbye, orlbti-e (Den.)

Orce, 6i-'the(Sp.)

Orchies, 6r-she' /Fr.)

Orchilla, or-cherlya (Veuez.)

Orciano, or-chii'no (It.)

Ordona, 6r-d6'na (It. )

Ordufia, 6r-do'nya (Sp.)

Orebro, eti're-bro (Swe.)

Oregon, oi-'i-gon (IT. S.)

Orel, or-yol' (Rus. )

Orellana, 6-rel-lya'na (Sp.)

Orenburg, 6'ren-borg (Rus.)

Orense, 6-ren'se (Sp. )

Orgiios, 6r-goiuiz' (Braz.) mts.

Orgaz, 6r-gath' (Sp.)

Orgon, OT-goix' (Fr.)

Orient, L', 16-re-ou' (Fr.)

Origny, o-re-nye' (Fr.)

Orihuela, o-re-u-e'la (Sp.)

Orinoco, o-re-no'ko (S. Am.)

Oriskany, o-ris'ka-ni (U. S.)

Orissa, o-ris'sa (Ind.)

Orlstano, o-res-ta'no (It.)

Orizaba, 6-re-sa'va (Mex. )

Orklion, 6r-6h6n' (Mongol.) r.

Orlamiinde, 6r-la-miin'de (Ger.)

Orl^anais, 6r-la-a-na' (Fr.)

Orleans, 6r-la-on' (Fr.)

Orlogshainn, 6r^og8-ham (Rus.) haven.

Onnea, 6r-ma'a (It. )

Orni.sby, ormz'bi (Eng.)

Orniskirk, ormzTcerk (Eng.)

Omiuz, or'muz (Per. )

Ornain, 6r-nah' (Fr.) r.

Ornans, 6r-nofi' (Fr.)

Oronoco, 6-r6-n6'ko (S. Am.)

Orontes, 6-ron'tez (Syr. )

Oropesa, o-ro-pe'sii (3p.)

Oropo, o-ro'po (Gr.)

Oroshaza, or-osn-ha'zo (Hung.)

Orotava, 6-r6-ta'va (Canary Isls.)

Oroya, o-ro'ya (Peru)

Oreova, or'sho-va (Servia)

Ortegal, or-te-gal' (Sp.) c.

Ortelsburg, 6r't«lz-borg (Prus.)

Orthez, 6r-ta' (Fr.^

Ortler Spitze, ort'ler spet'se (Tyrol) m<,



Ortona, or-to'na (It.)
Oruba, 6-ro'ba (W. Ind.)
Oruro, 6-ro'ro (Bol. )
Orvieto, or-ve-a'to (It.)
Orzinovi, 6r-tse-no've (It )
Osage, o-saj' or 6'sij (U. S.)
Osaka, o-sa'ka (Jap.)
Oschersleben, o-sherz-la'ben (Ger.)
Osilo, 6-seao (It.)
Osima, 6-se'ma (Jap.) isl.
Oslo di Sopra, 6'se-o de so'pra (It.)
Osman-Bazar, os-man'ba-zar" (Bulg.)
Osmandjik, 6s-nian'jek (Tur.)
Osnabriick, os'na-brttk (Ger.)
Osomo, 6-sor'no (S. Am.)
Osselt, os'selt (Eng.)
Ossero. 6s-sa'ro (Adr. Sea) isl.
Ostend, 6s-tend' (Belg.)
Osterburg, os'ter-borg (Prus.)
Osterby, os'ter-bti (Swe.)
Osterode, os-ta-ro'de (Ger.)
Ostersund, os'ter-son (Swe.)
Osterwiek, os'ter-vek (Prus.)
Ostia, os'te-a (It.)
Ostiaks, ost'yaks (As.)
Ostiano, 6s-te-a'n6 (It.)
Ostiglia, os-te'lya (It.)
Ostrogojsk, os-tro-go'isk (Rus.)
Ostrolenka, 6s-tr6-lan'ka (Rus.)
Osuna, 6-sb'na (Sp.)
Oswegatchie, os-we-gach'i (U. S.)
Oswego, os-we'g6(U. S.)
Oswestry, oz'es-tri (Eng.)
Oswiecim, 6s-ve-at'sim (Aust. Gal.)
Otago, o-ta'go (N. Zd.)
Otaheite, o-ta-he'te (Soc. Isls.)
Otavalo, 6-ta-va'lo (Ecuador)
Otchakov, och-a-kof (Rus.)
Otea, 6-ta'a (N. Zd.) isl.
Otranto, o-tran'to (It.)
Otricoli, o-tre'ko-le (It.)
Otsego, ot-se'go (U. S.^ I.
Ottajano, ot-ta-ya'no (ItX
Ottawa, ot'ta-wa (Can.)
Otterburn, ot'ter-b6rn (Eng.)
Ottobeuren, 6t-to-boi'rcn (Ger.)
Ottone. 6t-t6'na (It.)
Oturaba, o-tom'ba (Mex.)
Ouachita, wa'shi-ta(U. S.)
Oualan, o'a-lan (N. Pac. Oc.)
Ouchy, o-she'(Switz.)



Oude or Oudh, oud (Ind.)
" " ■'; Fie

ou-de-niir'de (Bel.)



Oudenarde, b-de-nard'; Flemlsn pi-on.



Ouderkerk, ou'der-kerk (Neth.)
Oudewater, ou'de-vii-ter (Neth.)
Ouen, St., sah-tb-ah' (Fr.)
Oufa, b'fa (Rus.) r.

Oughteraru, ou't6r-ard or 6't6r-&rd;
locaUy, 0(Sh-t6r-ard' (Ir.)



zh. azure.



French, vfte, bOt; bleTi, netif; fi, o>i.
(61)



German, 6h, nacht.



Oun



PRONOUNCING VOCABITLART.



Par



Oundle, oun'del (Eng.)
Ourga, or'ga (Mong.)
Ourique, o-u-re'ka (Port.)
Ouro Preto, 6'u-ro pra'to (Braz.)
Ouse, oz (Eng.) r.
Outagamie, o-ta-gam'i (U. S.)
Ovada, 6-va'da (It.)
Ovalau, 6-va-lou' (Fiji) isl
Ovar, 5-var' (Port.)
Overflakkee, o-ver-flakTce (Neth.)
Overijssel, 6-ver-is'sel (Neth.)
Oviedo, 6-ve-e'TH6(Sp.)
Owasco, 6-was'ko (U. S.)
Owhyhee, o-hwi-he' (Sand. Isls.)
Oxus, oks'us (As.)r.
Oyapok, o-ya-pok' (S. Am.) r.
Oye, wa (Fr.)

Oyonnax, 6-yon-naks' (Fr.)
Ozania, o-sa'ma (Hayti) r.
Ozara, 6-za'ra (Hung.)
Ozark, 6-zark' (U. S.)
Ozieri, o-tse-a're (It.)
Ozorkov, 6-zorTtov (Pol.)



Pabbay, pabHba (Scot.) isls.
Pabilonis, pa-be-lo'nes (It.)
Pacaraima, Sierra, se-er'ra pa-ka-ra'e

ma (S. Am.)
Pachacamac, pa-cha-ka-mak' (Peru)

isls.
Pachitea, pa-che-te'a (Peru) r.
Pachuca, pa-cho'ka (Mex.)
Padang, pa-dang' (Sumatra)
Padenghe, pa-dan'ga (It.)
Paderborn, pa'der-born (Ger.)
Padiham, pad'i-ham (Eng.)
Padova, pa'do-va (It.)
Padua (Anglicised form of It. Padova),

pad'yu-a(It.)
Paducah, pa-dyb'ka (U. S.)
Paesana, pa-a-sa'na (It.)
Paganico, pa-ga-ne'ko (It.)
Pahang, pa-hang' (Mai. Pen.)
Paignton, pan' ton (Eng.)
Paillasse, pa-lyas' or pa-yas' (Fr.)
PaimbcBuf, pah-beuf (Fr.)
Paisley, paz'li (Scot.)
Pajares, pa Chii res (Sp.)
Pakracz, pa-krats' (Slav.)
Paks, poksh (Hung.)
Palacios, pa-la- the-6s' (Sp.)
Palaestro, pa-la-as'tro ht.)
Palafurgell, pa-la-fdr-dhel' (Sp.)
Palamos, pa'la-raos (Sp.)
Palancia, pa-lan-the'a (Sp.) r.



Palanka, pa-ian'ka (Hung.)
Palanza, pa-lan'tsa (It.)
Palatinate, pa-lat'i-nat (Ger.)
Palaur, pa-lar' (Ind.^ r.
Palawan, pa-la- wan' (East. Arch.) isl.
Palazzo, pa-lat'tso (It.)
Palegiano, pa-la-ja'no (It.)
Palembang, pa-lem-bang' (Sumatra)
Palena, pa-la'na (It.)
Palencia, pa-len-the'a (Sp.)
Palenque, pa-len'ke (Mex.)
Palermo, pa-lai-'mo (It.)
Palestrina, pa-les-tre'nii (It.)
Paliano, pa-le-a'no (It.)
Palighaut, pa-le-gat' (Ind.)
Palk, pak(Ind.)s<r.
Pallanza, pal-lan'tsa (It.)
Palmar, pal-mftr' (Sp.)
Palmaria, pal-ma-re'a (ItJ isl.
Palmeiras, pal-ma'e-ras (Braz.)
Palmyra, pal-mi'ra (Syria)
Palomar, pa-16-mar' (Sp.)
Palota, pa-16'to (Hung.)
Pamir, pa-mer' (Cent. As.)
Pamlico, pam'li-ko (U. S.)
Pampas, pam'pas (S. Am.)
Pampeluna, pam-pe-lo'na (Sp.)
Pampilhoza, pani-pe-lyo'za (Port.)
Pamplona, pam-plo'na (Sp.)
Pamunky, pa-mung'ki (U. S.)
Panama, pa-na-ma' (S. Am.)
Pananich, pan'-a-niCh (Scot.)
Panaur, pa-nar' (Ind.) r.
Panay, pa-ni' (East. Arch.) isl.
Pancalieri, pan-ka-le-a're (It.)
Panchshir, panch'sher (Afg.) val.
Pancsova, pan'cho-vo rHung.)
Pandacan, pan-da-kan' (Philip.)
Pandeiros de Baixe, pan-da'e-ros da bi'-

sha(Braz.)
Pangansene, pan-gan-sa'na (Ind. Arch.)

isl.
Pangasinan, pan-ga-se-nan' (Philip.)
Panhandle, pan'han-del (U. S.)
Paniput, pa-ne-put' (Ind.)
Pankota, pan-ko'to (Hung.)
Panompeng, pa-nom'peng (Siam)'
Panomsok, pa-nom'sok (Siam)
Panteg or Panteague, pan-teg* (Eng.)
Pantellaria, pan-tal-la-re'a (It.) isl.
Panticosa, pan-te-ko'sa (Sp.)
Panuco, pa-nij'ko (Mex.)
Panwell, pan-wel' Qnd.)
Paou, pa'o (Fiji) isl.
Papantla, pa-pan t'la (Mex.)
Papasquiaro, pa-pas-ke-a'ro (Mex.)
Papa-Stour, pa-pa-stor' (Scot.) isl.
Papua, pa'pu-a or pa-pb'a (S. Pac.) isl.
Para, pa-ra' (Braz.)



Fate, far, fat, fall; me, met. h6r. golden; pine, pin; note, not, move;
tub, buU; oil, pound; ch, chain; g, go; j.job; y, j/es; tu, then; th, thin;

(62)



Par



PRONOUNCING VOCABULARY.



Per



Paracatu, pa-i^-ka-to' (Braz.) r.
Paragua, pa-ra'gwa(Venez.) r.
ParaguaQU, pa-ra-gwa-sb'(Braz.) r.
Paraguay, par'a-gwa; Span. pron. pa-

ra-gwi'(S. Am.)
Parahiba or Parahyba, pa-ra-e'ba

(Braz.)
Paramaribo, pa-ra-ma'ri-bo (S. Am.)
Paramatta, pa-ra-mat'ta (Austral.)
Paranagua, pa-ra-na-gwa' (S. Am.)
Paranahyba, pa-ra-na-e'ba (Braz.)
Paranapanema, pa-ra-na-pa-na'ma

(Braz.) r.
Parati, pa-ra'te (Braz.)
Parchim, par'them (Ger.)
Pardubitz, par'du-bets (Bohem.)
Paredes, pa-re'THes (Sp.)
Paria, pa're-a (S. Am.) g.
Paris, pa-re, Eng. par'is (Fr.)
Painahiba, par-na-e'ba (Braz.) r.
Paropamisan (Mts.), pa-ro-pam-i-zan'

(Afg.)
Parthenay, par-t«-na' (Fr.)
Partick, par'tik (Scot.)
Pascagoula, pas-ka-go'Ia (U. S.)
Pascuaro, pas-ku-a'ro (Alex.)
Pas-de-Calais, pa-d6-ka-la' (Fr.)
Pasig, pa'seg (Philip.) r.
Paaion, Rio de la, re'6 de la pa-se-on'

(Cent. Am.)
Pasitano, pa-se-ta'no (It.)
Passage, pas'saj (Ir.)
Passaic, pas-sa'ik (U. S.)
Paasamaquoddy, pas-sa-ma-kwod'di

(U. S.)
Passariano, pas-sa-re-a'no (It.)
Passarovitz, pas-sa-ro'vets (Tur.)
Pastacja, pas-ta'sa (S. Am.) r.
Pastrana, pas-tra'na (Sp.)
Paszto, pas'to (Hung.)
Patagonia, pa-ta-go'ni-a (S. Am.)
Patapsco, pa-tap'8k6 (U. S.) r.
Patia, pa-t^'a (Colom.) r.r.
Patjitan, pat'ye-tan (Java)
Patras, pa-tras' (Gr.)
Patria, pji-tre'a, (It.) I.
Patricroft, pa'tri-kroft (Eng.)
Pattensen, pat't«n-zen (Ger.)
Pattialah, pat-te-ii'la (Ind.)
Patuxent, pa-tuk'sent (U. S.)
Patzum, pat-Bom' (Cent. Am.)
Pau, p6(Fr.)

Paucartambo, pa-u-kar-tam'bo (Peru)
Pauillac, p6-e-lyak' or p6-e-yak' (Fr.)
Paulghautcherry, p»l-g3t-che'ri (Ind.)
Paria, pa'vi-a; Ital. pron. pa-v§'tt(It.)
Pavone, pft-v6'na (It.)
Paweea, pa-we'a (W. Af.)
Pawtucket, p8-tuk'et (U. 8.)
Pawtuxet, pft-tuk'set (U. S.)



Payerne, pa-yern' (Switz.)

Paysandii, pa-e-san-do' (Urug.)

Payta, pa'e-ta (Peru)

Peban, pe-ban' (Mex.)

Pecatonica, pek-a-ton'i-ka (U. S.)

Peckham, pek'am (Eng.)

Pecs, pech (Hung.)

Pedee, pe-de' (U. S.) r.

Pedraza, pa-dra'sa (Venez.)

Pedrogao, pa-dro-goufi' (Port.)

PedrofLeras, pe-?Hro-nye'ras (Sp.)

Pedroso, pe-THro'so (Sp.)

Peebles, pe'belz (Scot.)

•Pegalajar, pe-ga-la-Char' (Sp.)

Pegu, pe-go'(As.)

Pei-Ho, pa-ho' (China) r.

Peipus, pa'e-pus (Bus.) I.

Pekalongan, pa-ka-lon'gan (Java)

Pekela, pa'ke-la (Neth.)

Pekin or Peking, pe-kin', pe-king*

(China)
Pelestrina, pa-las-trg'na (It.)
Peling, pa-ling' (East. Arch. ; Yel. Sea)

isls.
Pellegi-ino, pal-la-gre'no (It.)
Pellew, pellyo (Austral.) isls.
Pelotas, pa-16'tas (Braz.)
Peltew, pel-tev' (Aust. Gal.) r.
Pefiaflel, pe-nya-fe-el' (Sp.)
Penalara, pen-ya-la'ra (Sp.)
Penalva, pe-nal'va (Port.)
Penamacor, pa-na-ma-kor' (Port.)
Penang, pe-nang^ (East. Pen.) isl.
Pefiaroya, pe-nya-r6'ya(Sp.)
Pefiaa deSan Pedro, pen'yas de san

pa'lHro (Sp.)
Penedo, pa-na'do (Braz.)
Penge, penj (Eng.)
Peniche, pa-ne'sha (Port.)
Penicuik, pen-i-kuk' (Scot.)
Pefiiscola, pen-yes-ko'la (Sp.)
Penmaenmawr, Welsli pron. pen-

ma'en-mour (Wales)
Pennar, pen-nar' (Ind.)r.
Pennigant, pen'ni-gant (Eng.) int.
Pennsylvania, pen-sil-va'ni-a (U. S.)
Penobscot, pe-nob'skot (U. S.)
Pefion de Velez, pe-nyon' de ve'leth
Penrith, pen'rith (Eng.)
Penryn, pen'rin (Eng.)
Pensacola, pen-sa-ko'la (U. 8.)
Penteli, pen'te-le (Gr.)7n<.
Penzance, pen-zans' (Eng.)
Peoria, pe-6'ri-a (U. S.)
Pequefies, pe-ken'yes (S. Am.) mt. pass
Perak, pa'rak (Mai. Pen.)
Peraleda, pe-ra-le'THa (Sp.)
Perekop, pe're-kop (Rus.)
Peribouaca or Peribuca, per-l-b\}-a-kil',

per-i-bu-ka'(Can.)r.



Zh, azure. French, vOe, btjt; bl«^, neuf; fi, on
(63)



German, 6h, nacht



Per



PRONOUNCING VOCABULARY.



Pir



P^rigord, pa-re-gor' (Fr.)

Perigueux, pa-re-geu' (Fr.)

Perija, pa-re'6ha (Venez.)

Perim, pa-rem' (Red Sea) isl.

Pernagoa, per-nii'go-a. (Braz.)

Pernambuco, par-uam-bb'ko (Braz.)

Femes, parn (Fr.)

Pernis, per'iiis (Neth.)

P^ronne, pa-ron' (Fr.)

Perosa, pa-r6'za(It.)

Perpignan, par-pe-nyofi' (Fr.)

Persepolis, per-sep'6-lis (Per.) ruiiis

Pershore, p6r'sh6r (Eng.)

Persia, p6r'shi-a (As.)

Pertuis, par-twe' (Fr.)

Peru, pe-ro' (S. Am.)

Perugia, pa-ro'ja(It.)

Perugino, pa-ro-je'no (It.)

Peruwelz, pa-ro-valz' (Belg.)

Pesale, pa-sii'la (Ceylou)

Pesaro, pa'sa-ro (It.)

Pescadores, pes-ka-d6'res(Pac. Oc.) isls.

Pescara, pas-ka'ra (It.)

Peschici, pas-ke'che (It.)

Peschiera, pas-ke-a'ra (It.)

Peshawer, pe-sha'w6r (Ind.)

Pesquiera, pas-ke-a'ra (Port. )

Pesth, pest ; Hung. pron. pesht (Hung.)

Petaluma, pet-a-lb'ma (U. S.)

Petchora, pet-cho'ra ; Russ. pron. pyet-

cho'ra (Rus. ) r.
Peten, pe-ten' (Mex.)
Peterborough, pe't6r-bu-ru (Eng.)
Peteruulter, pe-t6r-ku't6r (Scot.)


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