George Birkbeck Norman Hill.

Harvard college, by an Oxonian; online

. (page 25 of 26)
Online LibraryGeorge Birkbeck Norman HillHarvard college, by an Oxonian; → online text (page 25 of 26)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


spelt mouldered moldered. " Why abscond into this petty creek
from the great English main of orthography?"' Except in
his own pleasant home in Cambridge, nowhere in his old age
was he so happy as in England. He returned to it again and
again. "This is my ninth year at Whitby," he wrote, "and
the place loses none of its charm for me." ^ " There is not a
corner of England that has not its special charm," he had
written three years earlier.^ But in earlier days, long before
his fame, his great position, and his beautiful character and
scholarly mind had won for him a place among us so high that
it would have softened even the surliest Yankee and made him
fond of England, he loved the island for itself. To a friend
he wrote nearly forty years ago : " I will envy you a little
your delightful two months in England — and a picture rises
before me of long slopes washed with a cool lustre of watery
sunshine — a swan-silenced reach of sallow-fringed river —
great humps of foUage contrasting taper spires — cathedral
domes, gray Gothic fronts elbowed by red-brick deaneries —
broad downs clouded with cumulous sheep."* "Hereditary
instincts," he told Mr. Leslie Stephen, " enabled him to appre-
ciate our English scenery."^ He was meditating one more
visit to us when the illness came upon him, from which he
never recovered. Had he died among us, surely his last
resting-place would have been in Westminster Abbey.

What a hold should we get on men of the noblest minds in
the United States, and through them on their countrymen, did
we open wide our universities ! W' hat's Germany to them or

1 Letters of J. R. Lowell, II. 294.

2 lb. II. 421. 3 Jh, II. 356. 4 Lb. I. 3CX5. 6 /^. II. 501.



XIX. HARVARD COLLEGE. 325

they to Germany ? To England the young students could not
help coming if a welcome were given them, and if in every
one of the Arts and Sciences, teaching and opportunities for
original work were provitlcd worthy of a great university.
When Oxford and Cambridge have each their great Graduate
School, a School of men indifferent to honours and unworried
by examinations, then that blessed time will not be far distant.
If once we get hold of these young Americans, we will defy
them to pass through Balliol or Magdalen or New College, and
not love Oxford and England. Prcscott, the evening before
his death, said of us to a friend : " What a hearty and noble
people they are, and how an American's heart warms towards
them after he has been in England once, and found them out
in their hospitable homes ! " ^ " Each traveller makes his own
England," writes Dr. Holmes.' Not altogether so, most gentle
of Autocrats. We Englishmen can do something towards
making it for him. We can make him feel that it is not among
a strange people that he has come ; that it is by no waters
of Babylon that he sitteth himself down. Few men can any-
where feel more strongly the sense of loneliness than the
American scholar who knowing nobody wanders through
England. Those who

" At the purple dawn of day
Tadmor's marble waste survey "

are scarcely more solitary than the young New Englanrltr
without a friend in the land of his forefathers, and in the land
of his books. The very words OU Home, which had so plea-
sant a sound far off, add to his desolation. He is like a in.in

» Life of \V. II. Prt5(olt, p. 442.
a R. W. Emerson, p. 2 1 8.



326 HARVARD COLLEGE. chap.

who after the lapse of years comes back to his old College and
finds nobody who knows him. He sees the new names above
the doors. Many a New Englander visits the English village
in which his forefathers lived two centuries and a half ago.
He wanders about it, thinking how once to those of his name
there was not a house that would not have been open ; he goes
into the old church and sits where his ancestors sat ; in his old
home he is utterly a stranger. He passes through England,
seeing all its beauties, visiting like a pilgrim many a spot of
which he had dreamt since the day when books first took hold
of him, but living in inns and knowing nobody but landlords
and waiters. Those friends, once so real and still so dear,
with whom so often in his New England parlour he had laughed
and wept, in their own homes are for the first time found to be
shadows. They all "are melted into air, into thin air." Where
he could love so much he finds no one even to give him a
hand. " England," said an American to me, " is a country
where a foreigner meets with the greatest hospitality and the
greatest neglect. There is no people so hospitable as the
English, if you have an introduction to them. If there is the
tiniest little tag on which to hang hospitality, no one can be
more hospitable than an Englishman ; but if there is no intro-
duction, no one can stand more aloof." Our ancient univer-
sities could so easily provide a noble " tag " indeed. What
ever- widening circles of friendship would in them be formed —
circles which would in time include hundreds and thousands of
gentle spirits and cordial hearts on both sides of the wide
Atlantic ! In Boston, on the walls of the Massachusetts His-
torical Society, hang two swords crossed. They once hung
above the books in Prescott's library. One of them had been
worn by his father's father on Bunker Hill, the other by his



XIX. HARVARD COLLEGE. 327

mother's father on an English sloop-of-\var which, from the
river below, cannonaded the patriots. For fifty years and more
they have been crossed in peace in the gentle seats of learning
— a symbol, I trust, of that unrufiled harmony, that perfect
good-will, which some day by the help of books, scholars, and
universities, shall be established between the great and kindred
nations.

Before many years have passed by. Harvard in every one of
her Schools will supply her students with that higher learning
in search of which they have so long resorted to Europe.
" Our day of dependence," said Emerson nearly sixty years
ago, " our long apprenticeship to the learning of other lands,
draws to a close." ' Nevertheless, her young scholars will still
cross the Atlantic in the same noble quest. It is not only the
Libraries, the Museums, the Art Collections, the ancient sites
and monuments of the Old World which will bring them. More
than for all these, they will come to live for a while in the midst
of those great floating traditions of learning and mental refine-
ment, that priceless possession handed down from far distant
centuries, and ever growing as it passed from one generation to
another. These traditions well-nigh i)erished in the severity of
the Puritans' character and in the prolonged struggle with a
barren soil and a stern climate. In later years their growth has
been checked by the swift and victorious march westward over
a country so rich and fruitful that by the restless ambition which
it exerted it destroyed that repose in which learning and refine-
ment are best nurtured.

While their students must spend some time in Europe, I
trust that before long many a scholar fresh from Oxford and
Cambridge will cross the Atlantic to finish his studies in Har-
» Works, 18S4, I. 65.



328 HARVARD COLLEGE. chap.

vard. More than one hundred years ago that generous bene-
factor of the College, the old London merchant, Thomas
HolHs, seeing Oxford and Cambridge closed to the Noncon-
formists, turned his eyes towards Harvard as the place where
English ministers might be educated. "To train them up
in arts and sciences," he wrote, "would be a method to
correct mean and ignorant explications and applications of
Scripture, attended with a little enthusiasm^ too often, which
narrows that catholic charity among all Christians, recommended
by the apostles of our Lord Jesus. I should rejoice to hear
your College was well furnished with Professors in every science
that young students might be completely instructed in the
ministry, and our ministers at London might encourage the
sending such like youth to Harvard College, instead of Leyden
and Utrecht, our present practice." ^ Happily one part of
Hollis's wish has at last been fulfilled. In every science the
University is well furnished with Professors, while there are
departments in the Graduate School where our best men might
study with profit. But the greatest profit of all would be the
residence among a people so like and yet so unlike. Here
the student of history, political science, and political economy
might study, as it were, in a great Life-School. Nowhere
could a man get more quickly or more thoroughly cured of
what Lowell calls " the English genius for thinking all the
rest of mankind unreasonable." "There is one thing," he
adds, " Englishmen always take for granted, namely, that an
American inust see the superiority of England."^ At Harvard

^ Enthusiasm he uses in the sense which it commonly bore through the
greater part of last century : " a vain belief of private revelation."
^ Quincy's Harvard, I. 434.
8 Letters of J. R. Lowell, II. 405.



XIX. HARVARD COLLEGE. 329

" the freshening western blast " would sweep away that and a
few other insular prejudices besides. Here, too, the young
student of Oxford or Cambridge would see a great university
greatly ruled. He would return home loving his own College
and his own University more than ever, but resolved that so far
as it in him lay, they shall be still worthier of the love and
reverence felt for them by their children.



NDEX.



Adams, Charles Francis, 301.
Adams, President John Quincy. 109,

114, 211.
Adams, John Quincy, 301.
Adams, Samuel, 51.
Addison, Joseph, 73.
Adler. Felix, 48.
Admission, Committee on, 319.
Advisers, Committee of, 232.
Agassiz, Professor Louis, 82, 138, 218,

266.
Agassiz, Mrs., 275.
Agassiz, Professor Alexander, 266.
Agriculture, School of, 160.
Alcoholic liquors, 83, 89, 121, 174.
Alexander, Emperor of Russia, 179,
Allen, Rev. \\^, 9.
Ames, Professor James Barr, 261.
Ames, Frederick Lothrop, 296.
Amherst College, 41.
Ancient Customs of Harvard College, 57.
Andrew, John Albion, 17.
Association of Alumni, 98.
Athleticism, 117, 136, 143, 149, 152.
Auld Lang Syne, 123.



Bancroft, George, 301.

Bancroft, , 151.

Baseball, 138.
Baths, 175.
Bemis, George, 19.
Bequests. See Endowments.
Berkeley, Bishop, 286.
Bismarck, Prince, 223.
Blaschka, Messrs., 268.
Bloody Monday, 63.



Boarding-houses, 168.

Boat-races, 147, 151.

Bodlcy, Sir Thomas, 318.

Bolles, Frank, 164.

Bonaparte, Jerome, 210.

Bonaparte, Charles Joseph, 301.

Boston, " the Literary Emporium," 211.

Boston Sunday Globe, 203.

Boys, 136, 187.

Brandeis, Louis D., 260.

Brattle, Major, 81.

Brattle, Thomas, 81.

Brewster, " Sir," 7.

Bright, John, 182, 235.

Brilliants. 248.

Brooks, Bishop Phillips, 48, 53.

Brooks, Preston S., 41.

Bryce, Right Hon. James, 306.

Bulkelcy, " Sir," 7.

Burgoyne, General, 34.

Burlingame, Anson, 179.

Burne-Jones, Sir Edward, iii, 171.

Burney, Dr. Charles, 184.

Butler, Bishop, 184.

Butler, General, 97.



Cambridge University, endowments,
ai ; Emmanuel College, 23, 27 ;
founders of Harvard, 23, 159; ex-
aminations. 243, 246; Colleges for
Women, 274 ; graduate study, 317.

Campus, 57.

Caps and gowns, 59, 154.

Carlylc, Dr. Alexander, 11.

Carlyle, Thomas, 105, 113, 29*

Carter, Mrs., 13.

331



332



INDEX.



Catalogue, Triennial, 29.
Centenary ol 1836, 23, 37.
Channing, Protessor Edward Tyrrel,

75-

Channing, Dr. William Ellery, 33, 188,
286.

Cliapel, 46, 167.

Charles I., 291.

Charles II., 42.

Charter of Harvard College, 159, 298.

Charter of Massachusetts, 42.

Chauncy, President, 7, 57.

Chesterfield, Earl of, 29, 191.

Child, Professor Francis James, 115,
125, 273, 294.

Chores, 193.

Christmas, 182.

Chumming, 162, 171.

Class Day, 120.

Classes, 100.

Clay, Henry, 108.

Cleveland, President, 180.

Clubs, 63, 176; Democratic Campaign
Club, 180; Dickey Club, 178; Fox-
croft Club, 173, 204 ; Harvard Re-
publican Club, 180; Medical Faculty
Club, 179 ; Musical Clubs, 182.

Cobden, Richard, 235.

Commemoration of 1886, 27.

Commencement, 31, 82, 120, 155.

Common, Cambridge, 30, 85.

Commons, 166.

Concord, 33, 122.

Conington, Professor, 220.

Corporal punishment, 55.

Corporation, 298.

Council, 305.

Courses of study, 231.

Crammers, 201.

Cranmer, Archbishop, 53.

Creighton, Bishop, 27.

Cromwell, Oliver, 23.

Currency, 14, 84.

Curtis, Benjamin R., 223, 224, 256.

Curtis, George William, 115, 281.

Cushing, Caleb, 29, 121.

Dana, Richard, 9,



Dana, Richard H., 9, io, 82, 103, 115

138. 255.
Dane, Nathan, 254.
Dartmouth College, 210.
Darwin, Charles Robert, 106, iii.
Davis, A. M., 283.
Davy, Sir Humphry, 214.
De Quincey, Thomas, 168.
Dean of the College, 303.
Degrees, 94, 250, 317.
Depot, 169.

Derby, Earl of, 27, 194, 221.
Dicey, Professor Albert Venn, 254,
Dickens, Charles, 183.
Dilly, Messrs., 288.
Diogenes Laertius, 246.
Divinity School, 44, 225.
Donations. See Endowments.
Dormitories, 161, 171.
Douglass, Frederick, 126.
Downing, Sir George, 7.
Draper, George, 19.
Dress, 31, 64, 198.
Drummond, Professor, 48.
Dudley, Joseph, 48.
Dunster, President, 7, 299.
Durant, H. F., 282.

Elective studies, 228, 293.

Elementary education, 235.

Eleutheria, 10.

Eliot, President Charles William, Di-
vinity School, 45 ; speech at Com-
mencement, 105; Phi Beta day, 117;
Class Day, 130; hours for lectures,
145 ; athleticism, 149, 152; rich young
men, 206; elective system, 228, 232,
244 ; secondary school studies, 236,
238 ; Harvard and her teachers, 251 ;
Law School, 253, 257, 258, 263 ; Sci-
entific School, 266 ; Charter, 298 ;
retiring allowance fund, 305 ; Presi-
dency, 306.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo, singing, 3;
Fugitive Slave Law, 40; Saturday
Club, 82, 138; Phi Beta Poet, 112;
Phi Beta President, 115; class en-
thusiasm, 137; chumming, 162; lines



INDEX.



333



on duty, 169; portrait in Memorial
Hall, 170; elected to a club, 179;
first sermon, 192 ; President's Fresh-
man, 193; Everett's coming from
Germany, 216 ; ideal university, 229 ;
lines on Samuel Hoar, 301 ; English
history, 323; America's apprentice-
ship. 327.

Employment Bureau, 200.

Endicott, Governor, 301.

Endowments, bequests, and gifts, 8-20,
169, 207, 254, 266, 285, 287, 289, 309.

Everett, Edward, 25, 40, 73, 75, 87, 88,
114, 211, 216.

Everett, William, 78.

Examinations, 79, 230, 239, 245.

Exeter Academy, 236.

Expenses, 162, 172, 191, 207.

Faculties, 303.

Fagging, 57.

Fair Harvard, 26, 129, 276.

Fellows, 8, 43, 52, 298, 302.

Felton, Professor Cornehus C, 40, 114.

Fines, 50, 56.

Football, 147,

Franklin, Benjamin, 287.

Free Masonry, 108.

Freeman, Edward Augustus, 160, 214,

313-
Freshmen, 57, 176, 232.
Froude, James Anthony, 214, 313.
Furniture, 165,

Gale, Dr. Theophilus, 9, 285.

Gardiner, Samuel Rawson, 313.

Garfield, President, 73, 203.

Garrison, William Lloyd, 37, 41, loi.

Gateing, 161.

Geneva, University of, 278.

George HI., 30, 35.

German books, 210, 219.

German universities, 161, 210, 225, 227,

263.
Gibbon, Edward, 161.
Gilman, Arthur, 275.
Gladstone, Right Hon. William Ewart,

184.



Glee Club. 3.

Goethe, 213.

Goldsmith, Oliver, 188, 191, 194.

Goodale, Professor George Lincoln, 368.

Goodwin, Professor William Watson,
benefactors of Har>ard, 15 ; future
of Harvard, 46; Dr. Fopkin, 78;
Phi Ikia Society, 109; College and
University, 157; Harvard modelled
on an English college, but assimi-
lated to a German univrrsify. 160,
225, 227; examinations and the
elective system, 189, 230, 244 ; school
education, 235, 238, 239 ; graduate
school, 248, 250; Germ. in univer-
sities, 263; foreign schemes, 266;
College for Women, 273.

Gore, Christopher, 289.

Gcittingen, 210, 223.

Gould, Jay, 19.

Government, 297.

Governor of Massachusetts, 92, 96.

Grace, Dr., 149.

Graduate School, 160. 242, 248, 2sa

Grammar Schools, 237.

Greek, 5, 210, 230. 243.

Greenleaf, Simon, 256, 258.

Greenough, Professor James Brad-
street, 273.

Grouping, 71.

Hale, Dr. Edward Everett, 53, 93.

Hancock, Governor, 32, 35, 108.

Hancock, Thomas. 19.

Harrison, General, 180.

Harte, Bret, 115.

Harvard, John, statue. 4; bequest, 8;

library, 9, 285, 287 ; .Master of Arts of

Emmanuel College, 33. a8 ; house.

104.
Harvard College and University, 157.
Harvard Graduates, 291.
Harvard indilTerence, 188.
Harvard Imw Kevinv, 263.
Harvard spirit. 142, 190.
Harvard Stories, 153.
Har-L'ard Studies in Classical Pkilt>lc


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 25

Online LibraryGeorge Birkbeck Norman HillHarvard college, by an Oxonian; → online text (page 25 of 26)