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The Chandler family : the descendants of William and Annis Chandler who settled in Roxbury, Mass., 1637 (Volume 1) online

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agreeably to the custom of hi.> ancestors the third John 4 came
clown to the salt water for a wife, and resided a short period in
Now Londor, and the fourth John 5 Chandler, in lineal succes-
sion, was born there."

Hannah Gardiner was b. 11 Dec. 1699 ; d. 5 Jan. 1738-9, in
Worcester, Mass.. in childbed, having been delivered of a son
stillborn about 5 o'clock that morning; and her remains were
entombed on the Common there. She was the eldest daughter
of John 3 Gardiner, of the Isle of Might, or Gardiner's Island,
by his first wife, Mary King.

The ancestor of this Gardiner family in America was Lion 1
Gardiner, a native of England, and an officer in the British
army, who came to this country in the " Batchelor," a ship of
only 25 tons, from London, in 1035, aged 3(3, with his wife
Mary Wilmson, aged 34, whom he married that year in
Worden, Holland. He had been sent to the Netherlands,
having employment as an engineer, under the Prince of Orange,
at a salary of £100 per annum. They embarked from Amster-
dam, 10 July, 1635, and from London in August, and arrived
in Boston, 28 Nov. 1635. He had been sent over as engineer
to erect a fortification at Saybrook, Conn., under the direction
of Davenport, Endicott, Winthrop, and others — whither he
immediately proceeded, and where he erected huts and a
wooden fort. An advance party of twenty men, despatched by
John Winthrop, Jr., sailed from Boston, Nov. 3, 1635, and
was just in season to occupy the site at the mouth of the
Connecticut River, and prevent the Dutch from getting posses-
sion of it ; for a sloop from the Netherlands arrived only a few
days afterwards, with men and stores, to effect a settlement
there. The first fort was burned in 1647, and then Lieut. Lion
Gardiner built a stone fort on another knoll. The monument
of Lady Fenwick stands in the old wooden fort. Lieut. Lion
G. had command there four years. He then purchased of the
Indian sachem Wyandauck — the friend of the white man — the
island just at the east end of Long Island, containing about
3000 acres, called by the Indians Monchonack — signifying a
place where many had died — and called by Gardiner, the
"Isle of Wight," and by others, Gardiner's Island — paying
for it a black dog, a gun and some Dutch blankets. The bay
of this island was one of the resorts of Capt. Kidd (Robert in
ballad, but William in history), who had intercourse with the
owner of the island, and put his money in his care. Lieut.
Lion Gardiner moved to East Hampton, L. I., 1653, and a
monument to him there says he died 1663. He left his only
son David the island, " to be known by' the name of the Lord-

/



FOURTH AND FIFTH GENERATIONS. 117

ship and Manor of Gardiner's Island." Gardiner's Island is
entailed in the family.

Kidd went to Boston, July 1, 1009, hut was sent to England
and executed there, May i', 1701. The commissioners who
tfere appointed to collect and secure the deposits of Kidd
called on Air. Gardiner for the box that was deposited on the
island, who, after he was assured that Kidd was in safe custody
and not likely again to he in a condition to injure him, produced
the box and delivered it to the commissioners. Among the
papers of the late John L. Gardiner, Esq., i> an account of the
treasure deposited on the island.

Rec d 17 th inst. of Mr. John Gardiner —
3 Rags of Gold dust containing 180 oz.
2 Do. of Gold Bars containing 501f "

1 Do. of Coined Gold 11 " and Silver 124 oz.

1 Do. of liroken Silver 173^ >k

2 Do. of Silver Bars 521 "
1 Do. of Silver Buttons and Lamp 2!) *•
1 Do. containing 3 Silver Kings and Seventy precious Stones 4| "
1 Do. of unpolished Stones 12 "

Gold 738| oz. Silver 847£. Stones 17* oz.
[Wood's Long Island.]

Hon. John Chandler m. second, Sarah Clark. She was the
widow of Hon. Nathaniel 4 Paine, of Bristol, R. I., and dau. of
Timothy Clark, of Boston. [See 308.]

After paying her debts, Sarah Clark the widow of John
Chandler ordered, in her will dated 31 July, 1778 : "The
residue of my Estate I will and Order to be divided into five
Equal parts and to be disposed of as follows:" viz., "One
fifth part thereof I give to my son Edward Paine to him and
his heirs forever." "One fifth" "to my Dau. Sarah Drowne
wife of Thomas." "-One fifth" "to my son Timothy Paine."
" Another fifth" kW I give and bequeath unto my Grand Daugh-
ter Sarah Curtis, wife of Ephraim Curtis." " The other fifth"
•'to John Chandler, Jr. of Petersham, Clark Chandler, and
Dolly Ward wife of Samuel Ward of Lancaster, children of
my Daughter Dorothy Chandler Dec'd to be divided between
them share and share alike, to them and their Heirs forever."

Sarah Chandler, widow, had set off to her Dee. l>, 1779,
£25,505 of the estate of her late husband, Hon. John Chandler,
all in Worcester.

Sarah Chandler died 1778, August 13, of smallpox, seized of

household goods appraised at £611:11: 9; among which were

ten gold rings, weight 1 oz. 3 dwt. 8 gr., at 17£ 10 shillings per

ounce 20£ 8s. id"

One gold necklace and Buttons 8 4 (5

Plate 72 i oz. '84 11 8

4 small Delph Tlates 8



118 THE CHANDLER FAMILY.

In this Chandler family there had been a slave, called in 1803
and 1804, " Old Aunt Silvia." At that time she was 107 years
old, and perhaps 114. This is probably the greatest a<re ever
attained by any person in Worcester. On the division of Mrs.
Ohawller^ pVfnfa;; she, Silvia, went to reside with Mrs. Sarah
Paine, a daughter. In her last days she attended young child-
ren of widows who came to the Probate Court of her master,
who kept open house for them, and would rock them, and sing,
" Pretty baby ! pretty baity ! Look just like its farder? who is
its farder ?"

John Chandler was. early employed as a surveyor of land.
He surveyed the town of Pomfret, Conn., and made a plot
thereof which is yet preserved in the office of the town clerk.

"At a regular meeting of the Proprietors, April 10, 1718,
Voted that John Chandler, Jam*., be a surveyor to lay out Ma}.
Fitch's 1080, save his proportion of Mr. William Hundman.''

For running the line between Massachusetts and Connecticut,
the Commissioners employed Nath'l Burnhani and John Chand-
ler, Jr., as surveyors. They made a plot of their survey, dated
" Nuffield the 2 w,d June 1714."

In 1728 John Chandler, Jr., " Surveyor," measured the land
hill at Tantousq — four miles square — granted to John Winthrop,
Jr. in 1644 — now Sturbridge, Mass., called Tantousq, or black
lead mines.

" Salem, Dec. 19, 1729. A General Court being this day
held here for Nominating and Appointing Civil Officers, His
Excellency was pleased to Nominate the following Persons,"
&c. :

"John Chandler, Jr. Esq." and others " to be Coroners for
the said County of Suffolk," " the which several nominations
the Council did likewise advise and consent."

He moved to Worcester when the County of Worcester was
formed. He was moderator of town meeting there in 1733,
and often afterwards.

He represented the town of \Voodstock in the Legislature of
Massachusetts Bay, and afterwards the town of Worcester, from
1732 to 173"), '38, '39. '52, '53. He was selectman in Worces-
ter, 1733 to '35, from 1737 to '40, and from 1742 to '53; and
town treasurer from 1741 to 1752. When the courts were
established in the new County of Worcester in 1731, he was
appointed clerk of all the courts there, which office he held un-
til 1754. But when he received the office of Sheriff, in 1751.
and which office he held until 1754, Timothy Paine was ap-
pointed joint clerk with Mr. Chandler. He held the office of
Register of Probate until 1754; Register of Deeds to 1702.
On the 19th of April, 1754, -John Chandler, Esq., who had
from the beginning been clerk of the courts, was appointed a



FOURTH AND FIFTH GENERATIONS. 119

Judge of said court; and in May, 1757, upon the death of
Judge Wilder, a new arrangement took place with Hon. John
Chandler as Chief Justice, and Edward Hart well, Thomas
Steele and Timothy Ruggles as associate Justices.

lie was of the committee raided 24th June, 1748. by the
General Court, k ' to let to Farm the Excise in the Co. of Wor-
cester."

He was one of the delegates, k ' Empowered and Commission-
ed by William Shirley, Capt. Gen. and Governor in Chief over
His Majesty's Province in Massachusetts Bay, in New England,
to meet in Albany, X. Y., in June, 17">4, for the purpose of
holding an interview with the Indians of the Five Nations, and
making them presents, Conciliating and treating with them :
and of concerting measures for a Union of all the British' Ameri-
can Colonies. This was the germ of that Congress of the Col-
onies that resulted in the union of the States twenty-two years
afterwards."

Lincoln, in his model History of Worcester, says of him ;
" On the decease of his father, he succeeded to the higher
offices of Judge. Colonel and Councillor. His talents were
rather brilliant and showy than solid and profound. With
manners highly popular, he possessed a cheerful and joyous dis-
position, indulging in jest and hilarity, and exercised liberal
hospitality. While Judge of Probate, he kept open table on
court days for the widows and orphans who were brought to his
tribunal by concerns of business."

The Old South Church of Worcester, Mass., owns a com-
munion service, a portion of which has been in continuous use
by the Society for nearly- 140 years. It bears the inscription,
" Ye gift of Colonel John Chandler of ye Church of Christ in
Worcester 1737."

Church Records, Worcester, 1741>, Sept. 3. "Voted that
thanks be given by the Pastor publicly to Hon. John Chandler,
Esq., for his present of a handsome folio Bible for the public
reading of the Scriptures," which laudable custom was very
unanimously come into by the church at one of their meetings
sometime before.

In 1745, John Chandler had permission to build a pew,
*' where the men's stairs" are. This was in the old house.
After the new house was built, the Town Records say : " Dee.
12, 17*>3, Voted that Pew No. 18," valued at 5:ȣ, a "wall pew
under the pulpit stairs, " be granted to ye Homestead Farm of
ye late Hon W6 John Chandler, Esq. in consideration of his
donation towards building said House." In 1743, the general
rule for seating the meeting-house was " age, pay and station
or usefulness in ye Town."

" Whereas the Hon. John Chandler proposes to give Forty



120 THE CHANDLER FAMILY.

Pounds Lawful money towards building s' 1 [meotin] House,
Voted that the same be applied for the relief of sueh persons in
Town as tire unable to pay their proportion of building, in such \
way as" the Committee -i shall see tit."'

He joined the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company in
Boston, 1734, and was chosen its commander in 17o7.

The Boston News-Letter of Aug. 12, 17t>2, says — " Wot- \
eester, Aug. 10, 17(52, Saturday the 7 th hist, departed this life' \
the Hon. John Chandler, Esq. oi' Worcester, in the 69 th year of
his age ; Eldest son of Hon. John Chandler late of Woodstock,
deceased. He left a sorrowful widow, two sons, rive daughters
and forty-two grandchildren."

" As his death is a loss to the Public, so in private life it may
be truly said, he was a kind Husband, a tender parent, and a
beneficent friend to the poor ; and his charity was as extensive
as its objects were numerous — always seeming most highly de-
lighted when employed in acts of charity and kindness. He
was always a lover and a promoter of learning, a diligent and
reverend attender upon the public worship of God, and upon
all offices of religion in general. As he lived beloved so he
died much lamented. His remains were interred yesterday, at-
tended with a numerous train."

" In his youthful days he was employed in Treasury's offiee
in this Province, and in the Secretary's office in Connecticut ;
and being blessed with a sprightly genius, soon was introduced
into public life ; and a great number of years represented the
Town of Woodstock at the General Court of this Province ; up-
on the county of Worcester being erected, he, at the request
and desire of the people of said County, removed from Wood-
stock to Worcester, where he was immediately chosen repre-
sentative of said Town and for a number of years continued
such, until he was chosen one of His Maj< sty's Council of whiah
he was one until his death, notwithstanding his repeated desire
to resign. He was the oldest member of the Gen. Court and
was always had in high esteem by both houses for his capacity,
aptness, dispatch and faithfulness for his assistance in public
affairs. He was clerk of the Inferior Courts and Court of Ses-
sions in said County until he was appointed one of the Pleas,
and Register of Probate until he was appointed Judge; all of
which offices he executed with general approbation."

He resided near the spot where Hon. Edward Earle resided
in 1877, on the east side of Summer street. He had 500 acres
of land between Lincoln and Summer streets, extending back
on Chandler Hill.

The manuscript sermon preached at his funeral, xVug. 15, P.
M., 1762, by Rev. Thaddeus Maccarty, was in the possession of
one of the descendants of the deceased, Rev. G. S. Paine.



FOURTH AND FIFTH GENERATIONS. 121

His remains were entombed on the Common in Worcester,
where the mortal remains of many of his name and kindred
have been gathered in the same tomb. This cemetery has been
abandoned as a place of burial, and the monuments covered up
over each grave, and there remains no sign of it ever having
been a resting place of the dead, but the handsome monument
to Col. Timothy Bigelow.

The tomb of the Chandlers is among the trees, about six rods
E.N. East of the Bigelow monument, under the brow of the
li i 1 1 — down which, over this very tomb, as the hill here is the
steepest, the school-boys coast on their sleds in winter, and
sport in the shade of the hanging trees in summer, unconscious
of "the forefathers beneath." Truly the bodies of the dead
rest in their graves and are forgotten.

Mass. Historical Society, 1878 — Portraits by John Smibert.
41 Mr. Chandler, his picture 29 high by 24 wide, dressed in
single breasted grey coat, black curls and buttons, powdered
wig, white muslin neck-cloth, holds in his left hand a book.
Mrs. Chandler, wife of the above, painted attired in a green
over-dress trimmed with lace. The dress is opened in front,
fastened with a gold clasp and shows a black scarf which goes
over the lwV. J '*u.. which is a lace cap. The hair is dressed with
powder ami in her right hand she holds a fan." These pictures
are in the possession of Mrs. Franklin Dexter, of Beverly.
John Smibert was born in Edinborough.

The children of John and Hannah (Gardiner) Chandler
were :

304. i. Mary, b. hi New London. Conn., "-Sept. 9, 1717, Monday

afternoon ;" m. 7 Feb. 1736-7, Benjamin Greene.

305. ii. Esther, b. "May 23, 1719, before noon;" in. 9 May, 1745,

Rev. Thomas Clap.

306. in. John, b. ''Feb. 26 th , 1720-1, about midnight, Sabbath day

in New London;" m. first, 4 March. 1740-1, Dorothy
Paine; m. second. 11 June, 174G, Mary Church, of Bris-
tol, 11. L. by Rev. Mr. Brent of Bristol.

307. iv. Gardiner, b. in " Woodstock, Conn., at 8 o'clock, E/ven-

ing, Wednesday, Sept. 18 th , 1723;" m. first, Hannah
Greene, of Providence, R. I. ; m. second, 2 Aug. 17G7,
Anne Leonard, of Norton.

308. v. Sarah,)). "Jan. 11. 1725-G, at 8 o'clock, morning;" m.

1749, Timothy Paine.

309. vi. Hannah, b. Feb. 1, 1727-8; bapt. 4 Feb. 1727-8. [Chh.

Rec., Woodstock] ; m. 17 May. 1750, Samuel Williams.

310. vu. Lucretia, b. -'July 18, bapt. 19, 1728;" m. 1 Sept. 1761,

Hon. John Murray, of Rutland.

311. vm. Elizabeth, b. Jan" 5, 1732-3; m. 20 Sept. 1754, Hon.

James Putnam.

312. ix. Katharine, b. k ' March 28, 1735 ;" m. Levi Willard, Esq.

16



122 THE CIMNDLEJK FAMILY.

313. x. "A stillborn suit at his mother's death, Jan. 5, 1737-8,
about 7 o'clock hi ye morning."

115 |

JOSHUA 4 CHANDLER {John? John;" WiUiam 1 ) and
Elizabeth 4 Cutler, West Woodstock, Conn. She was probably
born in Reading, 20 April, 1705. She was dau. of Nathaniel 3
Cutler, b. in Reading, 12 March, 1659, d. 7 June, 1714. m. 24
May, 1700, Elizabeth Underwood, of Watertown. She, Mrs.
Elizabeth Underwood Cutler, m. second, 1718, Theophilus Clark
of Medway, and took her four children there. She was gr.-
dau. of Nathaniel- Cutler, of Read i 1112;, Mass., by his wife Mary,
whom he m. 1655; gr.-gr.-dau. of John 1 Cutler, of Hingham,
Mass., formerly of Sprauston, County of Norfolk, Eng.

"Nov. 11, 1743. Church Meeting. It was voted that sis-
ter [Elizabeth] Chandler shall be restored to communion with 4

this church upon her making a confession public," in the follow-
ing words, viz. " Whereas 1 have for Sundry times absented
from public Worship and also from the Lord's Supper," &c.

"Oct. 8, 1744. A paper syned by Elizabeth Chandler was
read and some discourse had upon it, and then the following
vote was passed. That what is contained in s' 1 paper is Im-
pertinent, trilling and in no measure Satisfactory ; and also

voted that be a Committee to join the Pastor In gaining

ye opinion of some neighboring ministers in the ease of Sister
Chandler and this with speed and make report to ye Church.

Attest, Abel Stiles, Pastor."

" Jan. 9, 1745. At a meeting of the Brethren of this church,
the opinion and advise of the neighboring ministers was read ;
And it was voted that the Pastor be desired to inform Sister
Chandler that after a reasonable time for consideration they
expect she will Let them understand what her determination
shall be."

"July 6, 1746. Elizabeth Chandler confessed for absenting
from public worship and special communions of this church."

" At a meeting of the Pastor and Brethren of this church.

"The church came into the following result, Viz. Whereas
Ebenezer Chapman and his wife and Elizabeth Chandler (wife
of Joshua) members of this church have heretofore renounced
Communion with the church and also with the Established
Churches in this Land ; and have lately joyned with that Sect
or Denomination Called anabaptists (at least so far as to
renounce their Infant Baptism, and to be rebaptized by plung-
ing) It is our opinion that their special relation to us is now r at



FOURTH AND FIFTH GENERATIONS. 123

an end, and that we are no longer obliged to Inspect or watch
over them as members of this church." 1749.

Jn West Woodstock old graveyard is a monument with the
following inscription :

" In memory of Widow Elizabeth Chandler, Relict of Mr.
Joshua Chandler, who died Feb'y y° <S th 17<s3 in y" .si st year of
her age. Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord."

Mr. Joshua Chandler was a farmer in the West Parish, about
half a mile east of the meeting-house. This farm came to him
in the will of his father kk for and in Consideration of the love
and good will and affection which I (John Chandler) have and
hear unto my well beloved son Joshua,*' "-yeoman, and for his
advancement and settlement in the world, I have given him "
'•all that my out-Division of land in West Woodstock,"'
"known by the name of Division No. 23, lying in the third
Range.*' Aug. 22, 1727.

He was highway surveyor in 1731 ; was admitted to full
communion with the church in Woodstock, 4 Aug. 172<S.

The JSrst clock in West Woodstock was his, and is, in 1882,
in good time-keeping order, at the house of the widow of his
great grand-son, Moses Chandler, at Putnam, Conn. It is a
brass-face eight-day clock. On the face is written, "Timothy
Cheny. Hartford A." It indicates the seconds,* minutes, hours
and days of the month. It has a mahogany case, with iron
strap hinges to the door, and has kept time for nine generations.

The following extracts are from the will of Joshua Chandler,
dated 13 Sept. 1767.

" item. I give to Elizabeth my Wife, all my Household
goods and one half of my husbandry tools." "And also my
Negro Boy named Prince, and also the sum of thirty pounds."

" To my son Joshua Chandler of New Haven three hundred
and thirty pounds with interest, which I lent him." I also give
and devise to John and William, sons of my said son Joshua
Chandler and unto their heirs," land, &c. "And if either of
them should die I give one half to Thomas son of my said son
Joshua Chandler and unto his heirs and assigns forever ; and
if both of them should die before me, then I give the same to
the natural children or Heirs of my said son Joshua Chandler,
and unto their heirs and assignes forever, to be equally divided
amongst them upon condition that my s' 1 wife Elizabeth Chand-
ler shall have the improvement of said tract of Land."

" My son Moses Chandler shall pay to my son in Law Nehc-
miah Barker the Sum of fifty pounds." " I give to the Heirs
of my Daughter Elizabeth Parker, lawfully begotten or to be
begotten, and unto their heirs and assigns forever, two pieces
of land in Ashford."



124 THE CHANtKLfcR FAMILY.

The will was signed by Joshua Chandler, and was witnessed
by Samuel, Dorothy, and Charles Church Chandler.

" We Joshua Chandler of Now Haven and Moses Chandler
of Woodstock, for to gratify the last Will and Testament of
our Honored Father, late of Woodstock, give or convey to our
beloved brother in Law Xehcmiah Darker, Clerk and oar Sister
Elizabeth Barker of Southold, Long Island," lauds in Asliford,
&c.

In the old graveyard in the West Parish, Woodstock, on a
mica slate-stone slab, about two and a half feet by four, under
death's head and wings, is inscribed:

In Memory of Mr.

JosiruA Chandler
who died April 15 th

1708 in y p 73 d year

of his Age.
In his last days he in
Hopes of another world
Saying " by and by Glory

Glory Glory,"
Blessed are ye dead
That die in the Lord.

The children of Joshua and Elizabeth (Cutler) Chandler
were :

314. i. Joshua, b. at Woodstock, 1 March, 1727-8; bapt. 3 March,

1728; m. 21 Sept. 1747, Sarah Miles, of New Haven,
Conn.

315. ii. Elizabeth, b. 11 Aug. 1730; bapt. Sept. 1730; m. first,

16 Oct. 174G, Rev. Nehemiah Barker, of Killingly, Conn. ;
m. second, 18 Dec. 177.3, Rev. John Davenport, of
Mattetuek.

316. in. Moses, b. 1733; bapt. 27 May, 1733; in. 12 Dec. 1754,

Frances Lyon, of Woodstock.



116



Capt. WILLIAM 1 CHANDLER (John, 3 John; 2 William 1 )
^ and Jemima Brad-

LA^ \^__ *— Conn., in what is

now Thompson, on the west line of the town on Chandler Hill,
about a mile east of Muddy Brook meeting-houso, and near
where Mieha Whitney lived in LS71. She was b. in Salisbury,
2"> Jan. 1703-4 ; d. 24 June, 177?) ; was appointed guardian to



FOURTH AND FIFTH GENERATIONS. 125

Mary and Matilda Chandler, minor daughters of William
Chandler, late of Killiniily.

The Worcester Spy of <S July, 1779, says: "Died, at
Woodstock, Conn., June 2"), after thirteen weeks of painful
and llistreisliig illness, widow Jemima Chandler, in the- 7(>th
year of her age. She sustained a fair and unsullied character,
respected by her relations and acquaintances, endowed with
superior natural and acquired abilities and power of mind, and
excelling the greater pail of her sex ; of unaffected piety,
exemplary in all her paths, kind, courteous and benevolent to
all around her, and, while her kindnesses were bestowed, how
many can say they have received from her lips instruction in
the doctrines of religion, in history, in natural philosophy and
in geography, in which tjje deceased exeelled. Many excellent
and charming things may be said of her. But mindless of our
friendship, in a lonesome vault, cold she lies, deaf and unthink-
ing clay. She liv s above the clouds, nor hears the voice of
war — safe from the smiling and the frowning world."

Her portrait in oil by her son Winthrop was in the keeping
of her grandson, Dea, William Child, of East Woodstock.

A slate-stone slab in the Muddy Brook yard marks her grave.

Her father, Thomas Bradbury, in his will of <s March, 1719.
and proved 14 May, 1719, gave to his wife Mary one third of
all lands and meadows, and one half of house during her life,
and "" to his daughter Jemima all lands ami meadows which I
had of my grandfather [Thos.] Bradbury, except the portion
of her mother."

Real estate inventoried at £590; personal at £201:12 =
£791:12.

William and Jemima Chandler, of ' ; Amsterdam "Farm," near
Woodstock, Conn., conveyed, 21 March, 172l>, to Peter Emer-
son, of Reading, for £650, k< - good bills of public credit," " a
certain messuage or Tenement of Housing and land containing a
dwelling house and barn, and by estimation nineteen acres of



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