George Chandler.

The Chandler family : the descendants of William and Annis Chandler who settled in Roxbury, Mass., 1637 (Volume 1) online

. (page 24 of 44)
Online LibraryGeorge ChandlerThe Chandler family : the descendants of William and Annis Chandler who settled in Roxbury, Mass., 1637 (Volume 1) → online text (page 24 of 44)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

The children by his first wife were four.

Rev. Thomas Clap was one of the slaveholders of that day ;
and had mriffl a rmmbov G f slaves which ho. promised to liberate
on his marriage to his second wife, she having objected to the
marriage until he would promise them their liberty. But, for
some reason, the}' were not liberated until after his death. She
d. 20 July, 1790, in her 72d year. Her monument, with those
of several of the children, stands in the family cemetery, and
on it is inscribed :

" When will separations cease,
Friendship's sons unite in peace,
Grief no more oppress the heart, <*
Friends no more be doomed to part ? "

Her five children were born in Scituate ; none of them, and
only one of her husband's, were ever married.

The children of Esther and Col. Thomas Clap were :

i. Hannah 6 Clap, b. 24 Oct. 1746 ; d. 9 Jan. 1840, a. 94 years.
ii. Calvin Clap, b. 28 Oct. 1747; d. 4 Doc. 1752, a. 5 years 26

iii. Augustus 6 Claf, b. 28 March, 1752; d. 2 Feb. 1827, a. 75

years; Postmaster in Scituate, from 1805 to 1827.
iv. Chandleu 6 Clap, b. 28 Dec. 1754 ; d. 25 Dec. 1831, a. 77 years ;

Justice of the Peace, Postmaster in 1827 and 1828.
v. Rufus 6 Clap, b. 24 Jan. 1759 ; d. 8 June, 1834, a. 75 years.


Hon. JOHN 5 CHAXDLER (John,* John, 3 John, 2 William 1 )
and Dorothy 5 Paine, Worcester, Mass. She was b. 20 July,
1723 ; was dau. of Col. Nathaniel 4 Paine, of Bristol, R. I., and
his wife Sarah, dau. of Timothy Clark, of Boston. [See 308.]
She d. 5 Oct. 1745, in Worcester, 19 days after the birth of
her daughter Dorothy.

His second wife was Mary 4 Church, dau. of Col. Charles
Church, of Bristol, R. I., sheriff', who d. 31 Dec, 1746, a. 64.
Says the "Worcester Spy "of 18 Sept. 1783: " On the 11th
instant, much lamented, Mrs. Mary Chandler, consort of the
Hon. John 5 Chandler, Esq., now in England. We may justly
say that in her shone conspicuously those graces which adorn
the virtuous and every way admirable wife and tender mother."
She left thirteen children.

Her sister Dorothy 4 Church m. Samuel 4 Chandler, Esq., her
husband's uncle. [See 119.] They were daughters of Col.
Charles 3 Church, sheriff* of Bristol County, R. I., gr. daughters



of the famous Indian warrior, Col. Benjamin 2 Church, b. in
Duxbury, 1639 : died in Little Compton ; by his wife Alice
Southworth, daughter of Constant Southworth, and gr. gr.
daughters of Richard Church. On "the gravestone of Col.
Church there is inscribed :


Col B Church P'sq


January 17 1717-18

in his 78 year

I. R. Peele Dabney said, in the "Christian Examiner," July,
1847, p. 120: "The Hon. John 5 Chandler, of Worcester,
whose sons and daughters were as numerous as those of his
Royal Master, and with whose family every other leading
family of the region was proud to entwine itself by marriage
alliance, sleeps far from the town and shire of whose honors he
had almost the monopoly/ 7

Hon. John Chandler resided on the East side of Main Street,
and his house stood where "Clark's Block" stands in 1882.
"Mower's" tavern occupied the same spot; and, afterwards,
"The United States Hotel" stood there. This house was
moved to Mechanic Street opposite Spring Street.

He was town treasurer from 1753 to 1700, town clerk from
17G4 to 1768, and county treasurer from 1762 to 1775. Was
sheriff of Worcester County from 1751 to 1762, and judge of
probate from 1762 to 1774.

"At the time Fort Henry was beseiged," said John Adams in his
Diary, " Col. Chandler had occasion to send expresses often, and
while keeping school in Worcester, I offered my services, and was
sent by him to the Governor of R. I. ; " and on his return from New-
port, he adds, " I spent the night with Col. Greene at Bristol, whose
wife is a Church, sister to Mrs. John Chandler," 17.~>7.

He marched August, 1757, on the alarm for the relief of Fort
William Henry, as Colonel of the regiment.

The " Boston News-Letter" of 16 Oct. 1700, observes : " We hear
from Worcester that on the evening of the 9th inst. the house of Mr.
Sheriff Chandler and others of that town were beautifully illuminated,
on account of the success of his Majesty's Arms in America." This
success was the taking, 8 Sept. 17(10, of Montreal by Amherst.

He succeeded to the military, municipal, and some of the judicial
offices of his father and grandfather, and inherited the characteristic
traits of his ancestors. He was cheerful in temperament, engaging
in manners, hospitable as a citizen, friendly and kind as a neighbor,
and industrious and enterprising as a merchant. He was a refugee,
and sacrificed large possessions — £30,190 : 1 : 0, as appraised in this
country by commissioners here, to a chivalrous sense of loyalty. In
the schedule presented to the British Commissioners, appointed to
adjust the compensation to the Americans who adhered to the royal


cause, the amount of real and personal property which was confis-
cated, is estimated at £11,007, and the losses of income of office
from destruction of business and other causes, at nearly £0,000
more. So just and moderate was this compensation ascertained to
be, at a time when extravagant claims were presented by others, that
his cj.uiiflb were allowed in full, and he was denominated, in England,
" The honest Refugee."

Samuel Curwin, writing from London, 14 Feb. 1783, says: ''This
day I went to the treasury to inquire about my allowance and found
it stood fast. A few are raised, some struck off, more lessened.
Chandlers raised £50. The sum of £80,000 paid to refugees last
year, is now shrunk by late reform to £38,000."

"His pew in the Old South Church, was on the minister's'
right hand, a wall pew, by the stairs, opposite Lieut. Jacob
Hemenway's pew, which was a wall pew on the minister's left
hand next to the pulpit. This pew was chosen by the Lieuten-
ant because it had a door opening under the pulpit where he
kept a barrel of cyder for nooning use."

lion. John Chandler died in London, 26 Sept. 1800, and was
buried in Islington. An iron fence encloses the spot about ten
feet long by six wide. A single slab is his monument.

The Sani'l Jennison papers, in the Antiquarian, Library,
Worcester, Mass., say : " Key of Tomb in Puddington church-
yard. There were 15 feet 7 inches clear space over the coffin
of my uncle, John Chandler, who was buried 1800; and (near)
13 feet 10 inches over that of Rufus Chandler, who was buried
in October, 1823."

" Mr. Chandler's Family Tomb. Here lies the body of John
Chandler, Esq., formerly of Worcester, Massachusetts Bay,
North America, who died the 26th Septr. A.D. 1800, in the
80th year of his age."

In the same enclosure were afterwards buried the mortal
remains of his son, Rufus Chandler. An oil painting of him
hangs in the hall of the American Antiquarian Society in
Worcester, and a copy of that is in the possession of his grand-
daughter, Mrs. John Davis, of Worcester. This painting was
photographed by Clatiin and engraved by H. Wright Smith,
and adorns these pages.

" Nov. 24, 1771, Dido, negro servant to John Chandler,
Esq., married to Cato, negro servant to Adam Walker."
[Wor. Town Records.]

The Estate of John Chandler, Absentee.

Probate Office, " 19 April, 1775. You are to set to Mary, his
wife, for her dower therein during her continuance within the U. S.
of America."


The estate was appraised as follows : —

The Homestead where the s' 1 Mary now dwells, £5,000 : 00 : 00

The farm called Mill Farm, Mill and Mill Spot, 12,000 : 00 : 00
The farm whereon Rufus Chandler lately dwelt near

the Prison, 17,000 : 00 : 00 I

Land in Merritield and Norwich, 5,1 04 : 00 : 00

" " Hampshire County, 3,000 : 00 : 00

" " Royalton, 1,270 : 00 : 00

" between Leominster and Westminster, 1,000 : 00 : 00

And other Real Estate amounting to, 7C515 : 00 : 00

Personal Estate — one 8 day clock, 40 : 00 : 00

Silver spoons, £1 16s., and the remainder, 534 : 00 : 00

Of which as set off to the widow, Mary Chandler, as her
Dower, £25,505 : 00 : 00".

Hon. John Chandler was one of the six inhabitants of
Worcester that were included in the act of banishment, for-
bidding the return of the former citizens of the State, who had
joined the enemy; requiring them, if they once revisited their
native country, forthwith to depart, and denouncing the penalty
of death if they should be found the second time within this
jurisdiction. Of this six were his sons Rufus and William, his
brother-in-law, James Putnam, and his nephew, Dr. Wm.
Paine. His son William and Dr. Win. Paine had permission
and did return to Worcester. Dr. Paine regained the confi-
dence and long enjoyed the respect and esteem of the commu-

The children of Hon. John and Dorothy (Paine) Chandler
were :

710. i. John, b. in Worcester, 3 March, 1742; m. 4 April, 1700,

Lydia Ward, both of Petersham.

711. ii. Gardiner, b. 1 Dec. 1743; d. 10 Dec. 1743.

712. in. Clark, b. 1 Dec. 1743; died 1804.
71: . iv. Dorothy, b. 16 Sept. 1745; m. 20 Dec. 1707, Samuel

"Ward, of Lancaster.
By second wife, Mary Ch urcJL:

714. v. Rufus, b. IS May, 1747, Old Style; m. 18 Nov. 1770,

Eleanor Putnam.

715. vi. Gardiner, b. 27 Jan. 1740 ; m. 1772, Elizabeth Ruggles.
710. vii. Nathaniel, b. Nov. 1750.

717. viii. William, b. 7 Dec. 1752; d. 1 July, 1793. a. 40.

718. ix. Charles, b. 22 Jan. 1755 ; m. 18 Nov. 1796, Sally Mower.

719. x. Samuel, b. 2~) Feb. 1757; d. 20 Oct. 1813, a. 50, buried

in Woodstock, Vt.

720. xi. Sarah, b. 14 Dec. 1758 ; ra. 14 Sept. 1780, John Stanton,


721. xii. Mary, b. 21 Dec. 1759 ; m. 29 Oct. 1785, William Seaver,


722. xiii. Benjamin, b. 15 Aug. 1701 ; d. 10 Dec. 1775.

723. xiv. Francis, b. 28 July,' 1703; d. 10 Dec. 1775.

^r^-[ p ^| ^'Z*^ fW?$% ^^^^I^S^^^^^^fc


,J-\: '■>-.-■■■

■- . ' '■■- - :

■ -:■

,'- l«S*.-i


• ^ ■.V.v.r ; ."\3" r ~. "i'A" r: >

v .i — .- — ? -c v • - isr* J

v:> -~ ^^- * "? •?. ;


- ■ . ^

« » . . ■


IIP- ■■ ^ *fl




These two latter children were drowned while skating with their
cousin Franklin Williams, son of John Williams, of Boston, on the
pond of the " lied Mill." which gave way for the machine shop of
George Crompton. in the south part of the then Village of Worces-
ter. There was "Au Elegiac Address" published in •'•Thomas's Spy,"
in Worcester, 22 Dec. 1775, in prose and verse, of nearly two
column.'-, upon "the afflictive instance of Divine Providence in the
sudden death of Franklin Williams, youngest son of John Williams,
Esq., late of Boston, and Francis and Benjamin Chandler, sons of
Colonel Chandler, late of Worcester, all about lu years of age, who
were suddenly drowned as the} - were skating on a small river on the
16 th instant." The verses begin thus :

" Two charming youths in all their bloom.
The beauteous product of one womb,
A third by all it is confessed,
Equally charming with first and best,
To try the flattering ice designed,
Nor thought their destiny to find "

724. xv. Lccretia, b. 9 June, 17G5 ; m. 24 Oct. 178G, Rev. Aaron


725. xvi. Tj^qmas, b. 11 Jan. 1768; m. 25 Sept. 1802, Eliza Davis,

widow of Wm. Dennie.

726. xvii. Elizabeth, b. 20 Feb. 1770; m. 2 Dec. 1786, Ebenezer

Putnam, of St. John, N. B.


Sheriff GARDINER 3 CHANDLER (John," John* John;"
William 1 ) and Hannah Greene, Worcester, dau. of Thomas ?

She was of Providence, R. I. ; d. at Worcester, 1 Dec. 17(55,
leaving four children.

He married 2 August, 1767, Ann 4 Leonard, of Norton, Mass.
James 1 Leonard was father of Thomas,- the father of " the
prudent, worthy and worshipful Major George 3 Leonard," who
died 1716, and he was father of the above Ann 4 and of Mary
the first wife of the Rev. Thomas Clap, of Taunton, Mass.,
who was afterwards Colonel and Judge of Probate in Scituate,
Mass. Col. Clap m. for his second wife Esther Chandler, of
Worcester, sister of Sheriff Gardiner. [See 305.]

Town Records of Worcester. " John Waldo, Esq., of
Boston, and Mrs. Ann Chandler Published 15 July, 1784."
But when "she told her intended that she should have her
property secured to her son Gardiner Leonard Chandler, this
did not suit the Gentleman, and they were not married, although
the lady's wedding dress even was ready." She died 5 Sept.
1793, aged 60, and left one child.

Gardiner Chandler lived on Main Street, opposite the Com-
mon, in the house in which the late Hon. Ira M. Barton resided,
and which was removed to make room for the spacious block



erected in 1871, by Ransom C. Taylor. This house was
described by Timothy Dwight, D.D., in his Travels, as "one
of the handsomest which 1 have seen in the interior of the
couuuj ." It wao in iao large L of this house that the tories
gathered in conclave at the breaking out of the Revolution.
He was selectman in 1754, '55 and '56 ; treasurer of Worcester
County from 1754 to 17(32; was appointed, 17G2, to succeed
his brother John who was promoted to the bench, as sheriff of
Worcester County, which office he held until 1775, a period of
thirteen years ; during which the loyal men of the party to
which he belonged, who had ruled and held office until their
claims were almost hereditary, were driven from their places
by the whig party that rose up from the common people by the
oppressive measures of the obstinate King George III. to
maintain his royal prerogative.

Aug. 10, 1757, as major and commander, he marched with
Capt. John Curtis's company with 54 men strong, under orders,
" into the extreme parts of the Province on the western
frontier, there to receive such further orders as shall be neces-
sary for the aid and assistance of His Majesty's Troops," to
check the advance of the French after the surrender of Fort
William Henry. They marched to Sheffield, 105 miles distant,
where they were met by orders from Gen. Webb and intelli-
gence that the enemy remained contented with his acquisitions ;
and, as their services were not needed, they were disbanded.

" Mr. Treasurer Gray :

Pay unto Lieut. Col. Gardiner Chandler
Eleven pounds twelve Shillings to be paid by him unto the respective
persons borne or this roll unto whom the same is due.

Sam 1 Watts,
W. Brattle,"

"The foregoing is a Billoting Poll of men now at Castle William
made up to ye time they went on ye Castle, being men raised for ye
Western Dep' since the march of those forces.

by Gaud Chandler,
Lieut. Col. of Col. Ruggles Regiment."

He was chosen by the General Assembly " Collector of
Excise," 17f>2, Feb. 5, for Worcester County.

Sheriff Chandler had presented an address from the Justices
of the Court of Common Pleas at its session in June, 1774,
congratulating, as was the custom, Gen. Gage on his appoint-
ment as first magistrate of the province, lamenting the disturbed
condition of the times, bearing testimony against all riots,
combinations, and all unwarrantable resolves : denouncing the
circulation of inflammatory papers by order of certain persons
calling themselves a committee of correspondence for the town



of Worcester, which they represent as stimulating the people
to break off all connections with Great Britain, and having a
tendency to alienate the affections of the people from the
mother country, and to create discord and confusion : conclud-
ing vvltl: the a^ouraiicc of their exertions to discountenance such
proceedings, to support the execution of the laws, and render
the administration successful and prosperous.

A convention of all the committees of correspondence was
being held in Worcester, on the 21st of Sept. 177-1. This
assembly assumed legislative powers, and in the interregnum of
royal prerogative and constitutional authority, its orders were
obeyed as laws. And this convention voted, "to take notice
of Mr. Sheriff Chandler for carrying an address to Gov.
Gage," and appointed a committee to wait on him and require
his attendance. The court had appointed Hon. Timothy Rug-
gles, John Chandler, Esq., James Putnam, Abel Willard and
Gardiner Chandler, Esqrs., to wait upon His Excellency Gov.
Gage, and present the above address. It was delivered, how-
ever, by the sheriff, Gardiner Chandler.

That gentleman presented himself before this remarkable
body, whose jurisdiction seemed supreme, and with some
hesitation subscribed the following declaration :

"■ Whereas, the Convention of Committees have expressed
thejr uneasiness to the Sheriff of this County, now present be-
fore them, for presenting with others an address to Gov. Gage,
he frankly declares it was precipitately done by him ; and that
he is sorry for it, and disclaims an intention to do anything
against the minds of the inhabitants of this County ; and had he
known it would have given offence, he would not have present-
ed that address. Gardiner Chandler. "

The "Massachusetts Spy," of Sept. 15, 1774, says : "We have
received from Worcester the recantation of John Chandler, Esq.
and forty-two others of the protesters against the proceedings
of that town, which gave such just cause of offence to the pub-
lic ; as also the acknowledgment of six Justices of that County,
for having aspersed the people in an address to Gov. Gage.
Want of room prevents their being inserted in this paper."

These recantations were extorted 1)}' a force too powerful to
admit of refusal. Resistance would have been martyrdom.

John Adams, late President of the United States, says in his
Diary : " The Chandlers exercised great influence in the County
of Worcester until they took the side of government in- the
Revolution and lost their position." k ' The family of the Chand-
lers were well bred and agreeable people, and I visited them as
often as my school and my .studies in the Lawyers' office would
admit, especial lv Col. Gardiner Chandler, with whom I was
30 "


most intimate." On his way to Stafford Springs for his health,
John Adams said in Worcester, "I met, June 1st, 1771, Col!
G. Chandler. Ue said he ' heard I was in quest of health ; if f
found more than 1 wanted, he begged a little.'" "No poor
creature ever guttered more than he for want of it. Thus he j>
the same man. Sixteen years I have witnessed his continual
complaints of weakness and want of health." He was greatly
afflicted with asthma.

"June 2. Mem. Gardiner Chandler said yesterday, that,
' Many regulations were wanting, but the Town of Boston more
than anything-; and that, after Election, every body used to be
enquiring Who were chosen Counsellors, very anxious and in-
quisitive to know ; but now nobody asked anything about it, no-
body eared any thing about it.' < Putnam [brother-in-law of
Gardiner Chandler] said yesterday, he did not like the Town
of Boston, he did not like their manners,' &c. I record these
curious speeches because they are characteristic of the persons
and of the age." "Gardiner Chandler is very bitter against
Boston. 'T hafp tl^om from my soul,' says he. 'Great patriots !
Were for non-importation while their old rags lasted ; and as
soon as they were sold at enormous prices, they were for im-
porting. No more to be heard about manufactures, and now
there is a greater flood of goods than were ever known ; and, as
to tea, those who were most strenuous against it are the only
persons avIio have any to sell !' "

He died 28 June, 1782, in his 59th year, in Worcester.

A grand-oil of his wrote : " I have heard my father say that
my grandfather, Gardiner Chandler, held a military command
in the old French war, as it was called ; which is all I can say
about that matter, except that in addition to whatever <jlonj he
may have acquired in Ins campaign, he acquired the asthma
which lasted him for twenty years, during which time he was
not able to lie in his bed."

Gardiner Chandler estate, 19 March, 1784, appraised. "Man-
sion House and '2"6 acres of Land adjoining [where Ira M. Bar-
ton lived], • £1600:0:0
V\ all Pew in Meeting House, £30 ; Pew in Gallery £10.
Land in Worthington, Hampshire Co.

" " Killingly, Conn.

" " AthoU Worcester Co.

" "Fitehburg, ....... 5408:0:0

Personal Estate, 4311 7 ♦;•]

Debts, 871 9 4|

3440 18 2
Personally appeared Anna Chandler and made oath, &c.
July 6, 1784. j os . Dour, J. P."


" Add Two years rent of the Children's part of the Mansion
House and farm and after ret' 1 one year more, £60, and prays
for allowance for supporting Silvia Negro Woman one year and
half from June, 1782. to Jan. 1784, £23 : 8s. Jan. 4, 1785."

Appraisers <k set off to Anna Chandler one full third," as fol-
lows : "Half the homestead, with the buildings described as
follows — the whole of that building called the Hall, with that part
of the Mansion House adjoining s' 1 Hall, viz. front room and
chamber over s' 1 front room and kitchen chamber, and the
kitchen so far south as the South Side of the Door that comes
out of the great entry, thence to the North side of the door that
goes into the washing room — reservation to the Heirs for who-
ever may Improve the South part of s' 1 House to wash, bake
and brew in s' 1 kitchen as often as occasions may require, also
that part of the cellar tinder the above described house to be
Set off to s' 1 widow and privilege to pass and repass in the great
Entry, and up the front stairs to the chambers and through the
front yard," <£c.

" Worcester, June 3, 1785. Furthermore we have set off to
B«tsey Chandler Surviving Daughter to the said Deceased as
follows : The Clark farm, except what is laid to Hannah's Heirs
apprised at £745.9.2."

" 4 July, 1785. I do hereby order and assign to Gardiner
Leonard Chandler, only son of Gardiner Chandler late of Wor-
cester of s' 1 County dec' 1 Intestate all those pieces of Land &c.
being his double Share of the two thirds of s' 1 Dec' 1 Real Estate,"
the other third part having been set off to Mrs. Anna Chandler
widow of s' 1 ," &c.

" I also assign the right of Hannah Williams dec 1 ' late wife of
John Williams of Boston and Eldest Daughter of s' 1 Gardiner
Chandler Esq. and her heirs or legal representatives, and being
a single share of the | of the s' 1 Dec' 1 Real Estate Valued at

" To Betsey Chandler younger Daughter of s d Deceased, 19
July, 17*2. Articles Inventoried — 1 Green Suit, £3 : K5s. —
1 Sash, 15s.— 1 Velvet Gold Laced Waistcoat, £2 : 2s.— 1 Crim-
son Coat, 48s.— 1 Pr. Leather Breeches, 18s.— Picture The
Situation of the Mansion House, Gs. — 312 old Continental Dol-
lars, 9 shillings — 23 New Emission Dollars, £2 : 6s."

" 1707, Nov. 29. Married by Rev. Thaddeus Maccarty,
Cumberland and Dinah, Negro Servants to Gardiner Chandler,
all of Worcester." [Town Records.]

The children of Gardiner and Hannah (Greene) Chandler
were : ,

727. i. Thomas ; d. young.

728. ii. Gardiner ; d. young.


729. in. Hannah; in. 10 Nov. 1778, John Williams, of Boston.

730. iv. Elizap.ktii ; m. 18 Dec. 1785, Nathaniel 5 Paine ; and by

second wife, Anu Leonard, he had

731. v. Gardiker Leonard, b. "29 Nov. 170.S, in Worcester,

Sunday, at 5 o'clock;" m. at Boston, 1795, Lucretia Cid-
lahan Greene, dan. of Joseph and Mary (Greene) Greene.
[See 304.]

There had lived in this family a slave who attained great age.
The '>Spy" of May, 1805, says : " Died in this place, Sylvia, a
female African, supposed to be at least 105 years old." But
Mrs. John Davis said she well remembered old Sylvia, who
made it her pleasure to attend young children of widows who
came to the Probate Court. She would sit swaying to and fro
with them in her arms, and sing, " Pretty baby, pretty baby !
Looks jist like its farder, dear! Who is his fardcr, dear?"
Her master, John Chandler, was the Judge of Probate and
kept open house for the widows who came to court. And she
remembers what was said of her age, for she made, at the age
of fourteen, a shroud for the old woman when she was just one
hundred years older than herself, as was then supposed.


SARAH 5 CHANDLER (John,* John* John.;- William 1 ) and
Hon. Timothy Paine, Worcester, Mass.

He was born in Bristol, it. L, 30 July, 1730; d. 17 July,

Nathaniel Paine m. 25 June, 1713, Sarah, clau. of Timothy
Clark, of Boston. They were parents of Timothy Paine, b. in

Online LibraryGeorge ChandlerThe Chandler family : the descendants of William and Annis Chandler who settled in Roxbury, Mass., 1637 (Volume 1) → online text (page 24 of 44)