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The Chandler family : the descendants of William and Annis Chandler who settled in Roxbury, Mass., 1637 (Volume 1) online

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Bristol, 30 July, 1730. [See 306.]

Timothy Paine removed to Worcester when eight years old.
His name stands fifth in the class of 174S, of Harvard College.
Soon after leaving college he was engaged in the public service.

"•Timothy Paine and Sarah Chandler his wife not only feared
God but honored the King. They belonged to families, often
associated together in the remembrance of the past genera-
tion as having adhered, through the wavering fortunes and
final success of the Revolution, devotedly and consistently,
to the British Crown. The Chandlers were, in every respect,
the most eminent family in Worcester County, and furnished
man}' men of distinction in its ante-revolutionary history. They
were closely allied by blood, marriage or friendship with the aris-
tocracy of the county and province, in which they had extensive
and unbounded sway, abprimo origine. They had large pos-
sessions, and shared with the Paine family the entire local in-
fluence at Worcester, but did not, like that family, survive the
shock of the Revolution, and retain a 'local habitation and a



FIFTH AND SIXTH GENERATIONS. 237

name.' — i Carl's Tour through Worcester has it: 'Higher up
Lincoln St., and north of the Lincoln Mansion, where P. L.
Moen, Esq., resided in 1882, is The Oaks, the tine old seat of
the Paine family. My father told me it had never changed
within hid knowledge. Ii was Timothy Paine, if I rightly re-
memher, who first located himself there. He held various pub-
lic offices, and before the Revolution was appointed Councillor
to the Royal Governor. The people took a more patriotic view
of the matter than he did, gathered around his house in great
numbers, and thus induced him to relinquish the appointment.
My father said he never knew Mr. Paine, but he knew his son.
Dr. William Paine ; that he was in England when the war
broke out, and for some reason, which I do not remember, did
not return home, and joined the British Army in the capacity
of Surgeon. After the war was over, however, he returned
home, and, in some way, regained possession of his confiscated
estate, which has been in the Paine family ever since, a part of
which is the splendid hill now covered with wood, which lies
east of the house known as The Hermitage, and which will, one
day, be a fortune of itself.' But of the Chandlers. * Their
property was confiscated and they were declared traitors. The
family was broken up. Some members of it went abroad and
died there. Others were scattered in this country. Yet not a few
of their descendants, eminent in the most honorable pursuits,
and in the highest positions in life, under different names, and
in various localities, still represent that ancient, honorable and
once numerous race.' "

When the appeal to arms approached, between this country
and Great Britain, many of the inhabitants of Worcester, most
distinguished for talents, influence and honors, adhered with
constancy to the King. Timothy Paine, Esq., had received a
commission as one of the Mandamus Councillors. High as was
the personal regard and respect for the purity of private char-
acter of this gentleman, it was controlled by the political feel-
ing of a period of excitement, and measures were taken to compel
his resignation of a post, which was unwelcome to himself, but
which he dared not refuse, when declining would have been
construed as contempt for the authority of the king by whom it
was conferred. The journals of the day best describe his treat-
ment by the indignant whigs. " The spirit of the people was
never known to be so great since the first settlement of the col-
onies as it is at this time. People in the country for hundreds
of miles are prepared and determined to Die or be Free."
August 23d, 1774.

" Yesterday, Mr. Paine, of Worcester, was visited by nearly
30()0 people ; notice was given of the intended visited the day
be tore, from one town to another, and, though the warning was



238 THE CHANDLER FAMILY.

so short, the above number collected, and most of them entered
the town before 7 o'clock in the morning. They all marched
into town in order, and drew up on the common, and behaved
admirably well ; they chose a committee of two or three men
from each company, to wait upon Mr. Paine, and demand a
resignation of his office as Councillor; that committee being
large, they chose, from among themselves, a sub-committee,
who went to his house, where he agreed to resign that office,
and drew up an acknowledgment, mentioning his obligation
to the county for favors done him, his sorrow for taking
the oath and a promise that he never would act in that office
contrary to the charter, and after which he came with the
committee to the common, where the people were drawn up in
two bodies, making a lane between them, through which the
committee and he passed, and read divers times as they passed
along, the said acknowledgment. They then returned in a
peaceful maimer to their homes, except about 500 who repaired
to Rutland, to demand the like promise from Col. Murray."
Col. John Murray was nearly related to the Murray s, Dukes of
•Athol, in Scotland, a principal man in his section of the country
and one of the country gentlemen, or colonial noblemen, who
lived upon their estates in a manner which has passed away.
He m. Lucretia, tifth dau. of Hon. John Chandler, of Worces-
ter, and sister of Mrs. Timothy Paine. There were seven of
these sisters, and, from their distinguished attributes, were call-
ed in their day and generation " The Seven Stars."

"At first Mr. Dennie, one of the committee, read the resigna-
tion of Mr. Paine in his behalf. It was then insisted that he-
should read it himself, and with his hat oft*. He hesitated, and
demanded protection of the committee. Finally he complied;
and was allowed to retire to his dwelling/' " Tradition de-
clares that in the excitement attendant upon this scene Mr.
Paiie's wig was either knocked or fell oft*. Be it as it may —
from that day he abjured wigs. lie never wore one again. The
now dishonored wig, in question, he gave to one of his negro
slaves, named Worcester.'" "In the earlier days of the
Revolution, some American soldiers quartered at his house, re-
paid his, perhaps too unwilling hospitality, and signified the in-
tensity of their very unequivocal feelings towards him, by cut-
ting the throat of his full-length portrait."

" The number and variety of offices which Timothy Paine
held, exhibit the estimation in which he stood. Pie was clerk
of the courts from 17"><> to 1774: register of deeds, 17(51 to
1778; register of Probate, 175<> to 17(>7; member of the ex-
ecutive council of the Province, from 17(11) to 1773; in 1774 he
was appointed one of His Majesty's Mandamus Councillors,
which he was compelled to decline on the 22d Aug. 1774;



FIFTH AND SIXTH GENERATIONS. 239

selectman, from 1753 to 17(!3, and from 1765 to 177 i; town
clerk, from 1703 to 1703, and representative for main years to
the General Court. Solid talents, practical sense, candor, sin-
cerity, ability and mildness were the characteristics of his life,
which closed July i7th, 171.13, in the (>3d year of his a<*e."
[Lincoln's Hist, of Worcester.]

" The three leading Loyalist families of Worcester, the
Chandlers, Putnams and Paines, were all joined by a common
link, and the same link united Col. Murray, of Rutland, to the
first of the three." [Christian Examiner, July, 1847, vol
43.] J

"Mrs. Timothy Paine, or Madame Paine, as she was styled
from respect to her dignity and position, was a woman of' un-
common energy and acuteness. She was noted in her day for
her zeal in aiding, as far as was in her power, the followers of
the Crown, and in defeating the plans of the rebellious colonists.
In her the king possessed' a faithful ally. In her hands his
dignity was safe, and no insult offered to it, in her presence,
could go unavenged. Her wit and loyalty never shone more
conspicuously, than on the following occasion : When President
John Adams was a young man, he was invited to dine with the
Court and Bar, at the house of Judge Paine, an eminent loval-
ist of Worcester. When the wine was circulating around the
table, Judge Paine gave as a toast, ' The King.' "Some of the
whigs were about to refuse to drink it, but Mr. Adams whis-
pered to them to comply, saying, ' we shall have an opportu-
nity, to return the compliment.' At length, when he was desired
to give a toast, he gave, ' The Devil.' " As the host was about
to resent the indignity, his wife calmed him and turned the
laugh upon Mr. Adams, by immediately exclaiming, 'My dear !
As the gentleman has been so kind as to drink to our King, let
us by no means refuse, in our turn, to drink to his.' Madam
Paine, in passing the guard-house, which stood nearly where
the Nashua Hotel stood in 1866, heard the soldiers say, ' Let
us Shoot the Old Tory.' She turned round facing them and
said, ' Shoot if you dare !' and then she reported to Gen. H.
Knox the insult, which was not repeated. She then lived near-
ly opposite on Lincoln Street, just north, where two large elms
stand before what seemed then a large two-story house, fifty
paces south of the red ' mile stone.' It was in the door of this
house, tradition says, she placed herself, when the whig soldiers
came to carry off her loyal husband, and told them they should
not enter the house except over her prostrate body. The sol-
diers retired, and her husband retained his loyalty for a little
time longer."

She d. 1811, in Worcester, in her 85th year. In person she
was very short and fleshy. She was very blonde and had a



240 THE CHANDLER FAMILY.

pretty face. She used to boast of her horsemanship while re-
siding on Long Island, her mother's home.

The children of Sarah Chandler and Hon. Timothy Palm;
were :

i. William Paine, b. 5 June, 1750; d. 10 April, 1833, in Wor-
cester; m. at Salem, Mass., 23 Sept. 1773, — Lincoln's Papers
say, m. at Hampton Falls, 23 Sept. 1773, — by license from His
Excellency J. Wentworth, Miss Lois 5 Orue, dan. of Timothy 1
Orne, of Salem, by his wife Rebecca Taylor, of Lynn. Thno-
othy 4 Orne was son of Timothy 3 Orne who married Lois Pick-
ering, dau. of John 3 and Sarah (Burrill) Pickering, and he
was son of John 2 and Alice (Flint) Pickering, and he was son
of John 1 and Elizabeth Pickering, he Timothy 3 was son of
Joseph' 2 Orne who m. Anne Thompson and he was son of
John 1 and Ann Horn.
" She was a young lady with a fortune of £3.U00. The services of
plate, magnificent for our own as well as ancient days, which Miss
Orne brought into the Paine family, attest alike to the solidity of her
fo-t-'Tm op,! the lustre of her descent, bearing upon it the oft-repeated
broad shield and ducal coronet of the princely house of Horn. Her
miniature was at the house of Joseph S. Cabot, Esq., Salem, Mass.
Shed. 27 Feb. 1822. at Worcester, a. 66."

One of the early instructors of Dr. William Paine was John Adams,
afterwards President of the United States, who was then reading law
in the office of Hon. James Putnam, at Worcester. He was gradu-
ated at Harvard University, with the rank of second in a class of 42
in 1768, when rank in College classes was according to " dignity of
family." He commenced the practice of medicine in Worcester.
1771. In that year Mr. Adams revisited Worcester, and notes his
impressions of his former pupils as follows: "June 2. Sunday I
heard Mr. Wheeler, late minister of Harvard, at Worcester, all day.
Here I saw many faces much altered since I first knew this place
whk h is now sixteen years. Here I saw many young gentlemen who
were my scholars and pupils when I kept school here. John Chandler,
Esq., of Petersham : Rufus Chandler, the lawyer ; Dr. William Paine,
who now studies physic with Dr. Holyoke, of Salem ; Nathaniel
Chandler, who studies law with Mr. Putnam ; and Dr. Thad. Mac-
carty who is now in the practice of physic at Dudley ; most of these
began to learn Latin with me. Drank tea at Mr. Putnam's with Mr.
Paine, Mrs. Paine, Dr. Holyoke's lady and Dr. Lilly Paine. The
Doctor is a very civil, agreeable, and sensible young gentleman." Dr.
Paine inherited the loyal feelings of his family, and early identified
himself with the royal cause in the advance of the colonies towards
rebellion. On the 20th of June, 1771, " one of the boldest and most
indignant remonstrances of the friends of Royal Government, among
the productions of the time," was made by 52 loyalists out of the 2.00
legal voters of Worcester, against the treasonable doings of the whigs
of that town and elsewhere. It was the joiut production of Dr.
Paine and his uncle — the Hon. James Putnam [See 311], the dis-
tinguished Councillor — who had already exerted the whole force of



FIFTH AND SIXTII GENERATIONS. 241

his eloquence to prevent the co-operation of the town in acts of rebel-
lion, but without success. This protest, after enumerating many
things, such as the " teas of immense value — lately destroyed — lie-
longing to the East India Company, iu Boston Harbor," ends thus:
"'These i"d nil such" enormities wo detest and abhor; and the authors
of them we esteem enemies of our King and country, violators of all
law and civil liberty, the malevolent disturbers of the peace of society,
subverters of the established constitution, and enemies of mankind."
[Mass. Gazette of 30 June, 1771.] The sentiments of this protest
formed the summary of the political creed of the Paiues of that day
as well as of the other tories of the Revolution. A copy of this pro-
test was entered on the records of the town by the loyal town clerk,
Mr. Clark Chandler, who was, in so doing, influenced more by his
feelings than by prudence, as he was son of Hon. John Chandler
and Dorothy Paine — double first cousin to Dr. Wm. Paine. For
some account of the manner that the whigs reprimanded their loyal
town clerk, the reader is referred to him. [See 712.] •■ The indig-
nation of the whigs at the stand taken by Dr. Paine, rendered it
necessary for him to absent himself from the country, and he went to
Europe, and while in England was presented to King George the
Third. He returned with his cousin, William Chandler [See 717]
the hist ot May, 1775. hut his arrival was immediately announced by
the observant 'Spy,' and he re-embarked for Europe without visiting
his family." His property was confiscated, and his name was insert-
ed in the list of those designated as enemies of their country. " He
then designed to avail himself of the advantages of the institutions of
Europe for perfecting himself in his profession, until the conflict
should terminate, as he supposed it would in the entire subjugation
of the rebels. But on the first of Nov. 1775, when the contest be-
tween Great Britain and the colonies began to assume a more digni-
fied and equal aspect, he at once accepted the commission of surgeon
in the army, joined the Royal Forces in America, and served in New
York and Rhode Island." In Jan. 1761, he again sailed for Europe,
in company with Lord Winchelsea, and visited the continent. In
Oct. of that year he was admitted Licentiate of the Royal College of
Physicians, and his name was enrolled among the practitioners of
Loudon. On his return to New York the next year, he attained the
summit of his military profession, being appointed by the English
Commander-in-Chief — Sir Guy Carlton — on the 5th Oct. 1782, Sur-
geon-General to the Army.* He was stationed at Halifax, N. S., un-
til the troops were reduced at the close of the war, when he retired on
half-pay. Dr. Paine finding himself on the losing side, and being de-
barred by proclamations and laws, from returning at this time to the
States, gathered, his family, and in June, 1781, took possession of the
Island of La Tete, in the Bay of Passamaquoddy — granted him by
the British Government for his services — and erected a mansion there-
on with a view to permanent residence. But the solitude of this situa-
tion not proving agreeable to his family, he removed and entered into
the practice of his profession in the city of St. John, N. B. In 1785
he was a member of the House of Assembly of N. B., and was chief

*His commission for that oilice is in the Archives of the American Anti-
quarian Sooiutv
31



242 THE CHANDLER FAMILY.

clerk of that body. The office of deputy surveyor general of the
King's Forests in America was also conferred upon him by his friend
Sir John Wentwortb, Bart., Governor of Nova Scotia, formerly Gov-
ernor of New Hampshire.

TIm. a.vt of biuiloliiiiuut having been rescinded, he removed, 1 7,s7,
by permission of the English war department, to Salem, Mass. Ib-
remained there, in the enjoyment of a lucrative practice of his pro-
fession until the death of his father in 1793, when he removed to
Worcester, and took possession of the family estate. He remained
on half-pay — DUG dollars — until the war of 1812, when he resigned
his office in the British Army.

On the formation of the American Antiquarian Society in Worces-
ter, in 1812, he was elected its first Vice-President, and he pronounced
in the King's Chapel, Boston, on their third anniversary, Oct. 2:5,
1815, an address before that Society, which was published by request.
In 1825, he ceased to be a British subject by a special act passed that
year, by the Legislature of Massachusetts. Of this privilege he
never availed himself, except to hold property in his own name —
hitherto retained in the nominal possession of his brother Hon.
Nathaniel Paine. He died 10 April, 1833, aged 83, an inflexible
loyalist in feeling to the last. He possessed extensive professional
learning, and was equally respected as a physician and a citizen.
His portrait by Harding, and a miniature, are in the possession of
his family. Six children.

The third child of Dr. William Paine was Harriet Paine, bora at
Newport, R. I., 21 Nov. 1779; died 29 June, 1860, at the residence of
her daughter, Mrs. John Clark Lee, in Salem, Mass., aged 80 years.
A woman of great personal beauty in her youth and of many
virtues in age; m. in Worcester, 17 March, 1802, Joseph^ Warner
Rose, who was b. in Antigua, W. I., 5 May, 1773, son of John-
Rose, who was b. in the P:u-ish of St. Bride, London, Eng., 25 Dec.
1738, by his wife Alice, dan. of Samuel and Rebecca Bacon ; and
grandson of Thomas 1 and Ann Rose, of London. Alice Bacon was
born in Antigua, 23 July, 1735j and died 1-1 Feb. 1786, according to
a mourning ringer ring in the keeping of her granddaughter, Mrs.
John C. Lee, of Salem, Mass.
Joseph* Warner Rose was general commercial agent for the United States
at Antigua, and the adjacent islands. See " Worcester Spy " of Jan. 8, 180G.
He had a plantation at " The Valley," six miles from St. John, Antigua. He
was a fleshy man of blonde complexion ; he had musical talents which he
indulged socially. After losing seven children he brought his wife and two
remaining children to the United States. He resided in Worcester and
Boston, Mass. In 1824 he went to London for surgical aid for his eyes ;
returned to Antigua to settle up his pecuniary affairs, where he died in 182G,
aged 50 years. His youngest child Josephine Rose, married May 4, 1842, Dr.
George Chandler. [See 5)19.]

ii. Timothy 6 Paine, b. at Worcester, 5 Jan. 1752; d. 29 Dec. 1775,

at Mendon, Mass. ; unm.
iii. Sam0el 6 Paine, b. 23 Aug. 1753 ; d. 21 June, 1807, at Worces-
ter ; num. His name stands fourth in the class of 1771, of
Harvard College, when its members were arranged according
to " dignity of family."
Before the revolutionary war broke out he was associated with his
father as Clerk of the Courts and Register of Probate. He soon
incurred flte displeasure of the patriot whigs, by sending out venires



FIFTH AND STXTII GENERATIONS. 243

in compliance with an act of Parliament ; and on the 8th of May,
1775, Mr. Samuel Paine, accused of circulating reports injurious to
the honor of the provincial army, was arrested" and sent under guard
to Cambridge, at Watertown, by order of the town, " to be 'dealt
with as the honorable congress or commander-in-chief shall, upon
e^.ai^iniu.iOii, think proper." His direct offence consisted apparently
in saying, "that the Hampshire troops had robbed the house of Mr.
Bradish [his brother-in-law] ; that lie had heard the whig soldiers
were deserting in great numbers ; that he was told the men were so
close stowed in the colleges that they were lousy." This is the sub-
stance of the testimony of one and the only witness. In 1776, Mr.
Paine accompanied the British Army from Boston to Halifax, and
thence to England. He lived several years in London. The enjoy-
ment of an annual pension of £84 from the English Government,
combined with a patrimony not inconsiderable for those days, pre-
cluded the necessity of his sharing those sufferings and privations
encountered by too many devoted loyalists in their adopted country,
after they had escaped contumely and persecution in their own. He
returned to this country in 1805. He was a man of eleoance and
fashion in his day. and is said to have resembled closely In person
and manners the Prince of Wales, afterwards George IV. His por-
trait by Earl, of London, i* in possession of his nephew Georoe A.
Trumbull. Esq.. of "Worcester.

iv. Hannah 6 Paine, b. at Worcester, 22 July, 1755 ; d. 2 April,
1841, a. 86, at Worcester. The "Worcester Spy" of Oct. 21.
1772, contains the following: - This day Ebcnezer 1 Bradish,
Esq., b. 8 Sep. 1773, at Cambridge, was united in the most
agreeable state of human life, to Miss Hannah 6 Paine, daugh-
ter of the Honorable Timothy 5 Paine, Esq., of this place— ^of
whom it may not be told her acquaintance, but she is one of
the most deserving of her sex :

" So shall each fair and fond companion bless,
When sense and virtue dwell in beauty's dress."

They resided at Cambridge, Mass., in the Old Bradish house,
afterwards k 'Poter's" Hotel, on the Brighton road, and then at
Natchez, Miss., and Worcester, Mass. He was of II. U.
17C9, Clerk of the Courts of Middlesex Co., and in "1774
was one of the addressers of Hutchinson." He was a loyalist.
He died, 1818, of felo-de-se, 29 or 30 of April, in Lancaster,
Mass. Four children.

Her granddaughter Frances Sophia Burling died 8 Aug. 1804- m
first, 4 Sept. 1825, Edward Joseph Vose. h. in Augusta, 18 July,
1806; d. June, 1831, at Worcester, son of Solomon Vose, by his
wife Elizabeth P. Chandler. [See 1015] Mr. E. J. Vose was a
graduate of Brown University in 1825 ; lawyer at Worcester. She
m. second, 9 June, 183H, R t . Rev. Thomas" H. Vail, who was b.
at Richmond, Va. : bishop of Kansas.

Her son Timothy Paine Bradish, b. at Cambridge, 4 Sept. 1781 ; m. 23
Sept. 1818, Charlotte 7 Paine, b. Au«. 1788, d. 3 Dec. 1S0G, a. 78, at
Worcester, dan. of Judge Nathaniel 6 ' Paine, of Worcester, by his
wife Elizabeth 6 Chandler. [See 730.] One child.



244 TTTE CHANDLER FAMILY.

v. Nathaniel 6 Paint:, b. at Worcester. 11 April, 1757; <1. 25

Dec. 175 7.
vi. Nathaniel Paine, 2d. b. 5 Jan. 1759; d. 7 Oct. 1840, a?
Worcester. The Mass. Spy of Dec. 22, 1785, says: "On the
Eighteenth inst., Mr. Nathaniel Paine, Attorn ey-at-Law, was
married to the Amiable Miss Elizabeth Chandler, second
daughter of the late Gardiner Chandler, deceased," his cousin
[See 730.]
vii. Anthony 6 Paine, b. 13 Nov. 1760; d. 8 July, 1788; unm.

Apothecary,
viii. John 6 Paine, b. 26 July. 1762; d. 23 Dec. 1832; unm.
ix. Sarah 6 Paine, b. 28 March, 1764 : d. 24 Dee. 1841 ; m. 11 Jan.
1786, James 4 Perkins, Jr., son of James 3 Perkins, by his wife
Elizabeth Peek, dan. of Thomas Handyside'Pei'kins, and grand-
son of Edmund- Perkins by his second wife. Esther Frothino -
hain; and gr. gr. son of Edmund 1 Perkins and Susan Hudson
his wife. James Perkins died 1822?
Of this marriage Mrs. Mary Perkins Abbot, of Exeter, N. H.,
wrote: " In case of ray brother's marriage, nearly eighty-nine suns
have not entirely obliterated the incidents, although they have the
dates ; and you have revived the memory of my journey from Boston
to Worcester, with my brother, on the great occasion of his marriage.
It was in the winter season, and in a small open sleigh. We
happened to upset in a snow hank ! This. too. with the remembrance
of a sleighing party and a dance at Leicester, with its accompanying
jollification, are all the lingering memories of that by-gone time."
They resided in Boston, and at Pine Bank, Jamaica Plain, Roxbury,
Mass. The character of James Perkins, like that of the commercial
house of which he was the eldest partner, was formed on the purest



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