George Chandler.

The Chandler family : the descendants of William and Annis Chandler who settled in Roxbury, Mass., 1637 (Volume 1) online

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and noblest model of professional uprightness, without guile and
without reproach. By a series of munificent endowments, this Per-
kins family founded the Perkins Institution for the Blind, the Boston
Athenaeum and the Perkins Professorship of Astronomy and Mathe-
matics at Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

A portrait of Mrs. Sarah Perkins, by Gambardella, is in possession
of her grandson, Edward N. Perkins, of Pine Bank. Roxbury; and
one 1 y Stewart Newton. R. A., is in possession of George A. Trum-
bull, Esq., Worcester. Three children.

Her son James Perkins, Jr., FI. U. 1809; m. Nov. 1812, Eliza Callahan.
dan. of Capt. John Callahan, by his wife Lueretia Greene, dau. of
Benjamin Greene, by hi-, wife Mary Chandler. [Sec 304.] After
the death of Mr. James Perkins, she m. second, Pi.uiit Rev. George
W. Doane, Bishop of New Jersey. "Mrs. Doane, wife of the late
Bishop Doane, of N. J., died in Florence. Nov. 10. 1860, at the
residence of her -on. Mr. Edward N. Perkins, aged upwards of 70
years. It appear- her mind never recovered from the shock it
received during the m< m >rable sack at Perugia, Italy, in which she
and her party escaped ;, cruel death."

x. Eliza rkth 8 Paidce, b. at Worcester. 12 Jan. 1766; d. 12 July.
1832, at Worcester. •• Dr. Joseph 2 Trumbull, of Petersham,
was married to the very amiable Miss Elizabeth Paine,
youngest daughter of the lion. Timothy 1 Paine. Esq., of this
Town." [Mass. Spy, Worcester, Feb. 16, 1786.] He was



FIFTH AND STXTTT GENERATIONS. 245

b. at Suffield, Conn., 12 Oct. 1756; d. 2 March. 1824, a. 67,
of gout and its complicated diseases, of which he was a
martyr. lie was son of John 1 Trumbull : practised his profes-
sion at Petersham ; removed to Worcester, Mass. A portrait
of him is at the residence of his only son, George 3 A. Trum-
bull, H&4., Worcester. One child.

1. George-' Augustus Trumbull, b. at Petersham, 17 Jan. 179:"!; cl. 17
Aug. 1803. He was a bookseller, anil afterwards cashier of the Cen-
tral Bank, from 1829 to lS3fi; and of the Citizens Bank from 1836
to 1858, at Worcester. He m. 20 Sept. 1815, Louisa Clap. She was
b. 24 Sept. 1798, dan. of Cant. Caleb Clap, of Greenfield, Mass.
(who served his country eight years in the war of the Revolution),
by bis wife Miss Stone. Their silver wedding took place at their
residence, in the first court-house building on Green Street, in
presence of their twelve children and grandchildren. Twelve
children.

His dau. Elizabeth Trumbull, b. 31 Aug. 1S16; in. 22 Oct. 1835,
' Gen. William Sever Lincoln. [See 721.]

His dau. Caroline Burling Trumbull, b. 24 .Tune. 1820; m. 14
June. 1842. Francis Blake. [See 1617.] She died 28 March,
1880, in Boston.



809



HANNAH 5 CHANDLER (John, 4 John,* John? WUUam 1 )
and Samuel 5 Williams, Roxbury, Mass.

He was 1). 24 Au<s. 1725 ; was sou of Eleazcr 1 Williams, b.
20 Feb. 1(594, d. Nov. 1768, by his wife Sarah: grandson of
Samuel 11 Williams by his wife Deborah Scarborough, and gr.
grandson of Dea. Samuel 2 Williams, of Roxbury, by his wife
Theoda Park, the eldest son of Robert 1 Williams, of Norwich,
Eng., and afterwards of Roxbury, Mass.

Mr. Samuel 5 Williams and wife resided at one time in Wor-
cester, where the Lincoln Square Hotel stood in 1882. She d.
23 May, 1804, aged 7<i, in Roxbury.

The children of Hannah and Samuel Williams were :

i. Samuel 6 Williams, b. 29 April, 1751 ; cl. 13 Aug. 1751.

ii. Eleazer 6 Williams, b. 28 May, 1753.

iii. Jonx fi Chandler Williams, b. 1G Aug. 1755; d» 31 Jan. 1831,
at Pittsfield, Mass.

" Re went to Berkshire County as early as 1709, with the view of
engaging in some active occupation, but be rose superior to his hum-
ble fortune. He determined to gratify his love of letters and obtain
an education. His father becoming poor and incompetent through
failure of his mental faculties to afford him the means of support, be
was, with an only sister, dependent on his own exertions and the
charity of others. * He was educated,' said his son-in-law, Hon. E.
A. Newton. • and maintained entirely by his mother's relatives — the
excellent Chandlers, of Worcester — by whom he was assisted in part
through his college course.' While in college he rang the college hell
for the petty sum which was to assist in his hills. At his graduation,



246 THE CHANDLER FAMILY.

1777, he was honored for his proficiency as a scholar with the Latin
oration.

" At the breaking out of the revolutionary war, lie with several of
his classmates, though yet but a hoy, joined the American forces then
assembled to defend his country against the British, and was at the
fight at Lexington, 1° April, 177"). ,

l ' He was employed by the Committee of Safety, k in some secret
service, for which he received £4 : 4 : 6 for his reward.' This service
was the searching for and discovering of the letter-book of Gov.
Hutchinson, and other of his public records, which he and another
had found secreted in his house on Milton Hill.

' k He read law in the office of Hon. John Worthington, of Spring-
Geld, and settled, 1782, as a lawyer, at Pittsfield, Mass. At that
time a handkerchief literally held all his worldly treasure. But he
lived to acquire a large estate, and held many public offices of honor,
and was noted for his bountiful liberality.

" He had a high regard for his parents, and he tenderly cherished
the memory of their virtues. He often in his last days spoke of the
assiduity with which they implanted in his youthful mind the seeds of
piety and religion, which were at length destined to germinate and
bring forth in him the peaceful fruits of righteousness. And this was
the only legacy they left him."

He lived on the south side of the Park, in Pittsfield : m. Lucretia
Williams, dau. of Hon. Israel Williams, of Hatfield, a descendant of
Robert 1 Williams, of Roxbury, through his son Isaac. 2

Likenesses of Mr. and Mrs. Chandler Williams adorn the pages of
"The Williams Family," by Dr. S. W. Williams.

" Died in Pittsfield, Francis Hamilton (colored), aged 90 years,
who had been a long time a servant of Hon. Chandler Williams, and of
his son-in-law, Hon. E. A. Newton. By direction of the latter
gentleman he was buried in the family lot, by the side of Mr. Wil-
liams."

Three children :

1. Elizabeth 7 Williams; m. at N. Lebanon, Aug. 1809, Moses Hayden,
Esq., member of N. Y. Senate in 1*29 an 1 '30, and representative in
Congress from 1823 to '27.

2. Lucretia 7 Williams: ra. Harris Seymour, of Canandaigua, N. Y.

3. Sarah 7 Tileston Williams, died 24 Oct. 18:!."), at Rouen, France, and
was buried '.) Aug. 183G, aged 44 years, at Pittsfield, Mass. ; m.
Hon. Edward A. Newton, who was b. 1 May. 178.">, d. 18 Aug, I8fi2;
a descendant of Thomas Newton, ''The Sworn Attorney," as Judge
Sewull said in his journal. Mr. and Mrs. Newton resided just cast
of the " B\ix Elm" on the Common, in Pittslicld, the homestead of
the Hon. J. Chandler Williams.

iv. Thomas 6 Williams, b. 25 April, 1707.

v. Thomas 6 Williams, b. 3 March. 1758; unm.

vi. Gardiner 6 Williams, b. 2 March. 17;")'.) ; num.

vii. Hannah 6 Williams, b. 3 March, 17(51 ; d. 23 April, 1841, aged
80 years, in Pittsfield, Mass. ; unm. "■ Entirely beloved
through life, and lemented in death. Her memory is fondly
cherished by all who knew her." Her remains repose by those
of her brother, in the new cemetery in Pittsfield.



FIFTH AND SIXTH GENERATIONS. 217



310



LUCRETIA 5 CHANDLER (Jb/m, 4 John* John^mUiam 1 )
una Col. John Murray, Rutland, Mass.

He came froui Ireland, and it has been supposed, with some
good reason, that he was the youngest and way ward son of the
Duke of Athol, Scotland. He had plate with the Duke's family
arms on it, and the surname of the Duke's family was Murray/

In the grant of the town of Athol by the General Court, the
first name was that of John Murray, who probably o- aV e the
name of his ancestral honors to the new town. But the history
of Rutland says he was too poor, when he came over, to pay his
passage. He lost his wife on the voyage. At first he peddled
about the country, and then settled at Rutland as a merchant.
Some of the doors of the house of Col. John Murray were used
in building the State House of Ohio by mistake for those of
G.-n. Rufus Putnam's former residence in Rutland, whose mem-
ory (Putnam's) the people wanted to honor.

He m. second, Elizabeth McClanathan, one of his fellow-
passengers ; m. third, Miss Lucretia Chandler; and m. fourth,
31 Dec. 1769, Deborah Bronty, of Boston.

By his second wife, Elizabeth McClanathan, he had :

A dau. Elizabeth Murray, m. Col. Joshua Upham, uf BrookfiekL
Mass., and of St. John, N. B., for his first wife. [See 741.]

Col. John Murray was a man of great influence in his vicinity
and the town of Rutland, which he represented many years in
the General Court of Massachusetts. On election days his
house was open to his friends ; and the good cheer dispensed
free to all from his store told in his favor at the ballot box. His
we; 1th, social position, and political influence, made him one of
the colonial noblemen who lived in a style that has passed away
in New England. He was in 1774 appointed by King George
HI. and Lord Dartmouth, "Mandamus" Councillor; but he
was not sworn into that office, because a party of about five
hundred staunch whigs, with the Committee of Correspond-
ence, repaired to his house in Rutland and requested him to
resign his seat in the Council. He left his house on the 25th
of August, 1774, and tied to Boston, as he stated in his
memorial.

In 1745 he had commanded the provincial troops, in con-
junction with the British, against the French. Like most who
held at that day office and station from the royal hand, he gave
jus influence and support to the cause of the government °and
his king, which brought down upon him the displeasure of the
whigs; Frank Moore, in his Diary of the American Revolution,



248 THE CHANDLER FAMILY.

page 40, Vol. I., says: " Col. Murray, of Rutland, one of II i>
Majesty's Council, has been obliged to leave a large estate in
the country ami repair to Boston, to save himself from beini:
handled by the mob and compelled to resign his seat in the
Council."

In reference to him and Israel Williams (who was put into ;t
room with a tire, and the chimney top covered and the doors
closed by the whigs, and kept there several hours in the .smoke)
Trumbull, in his McFingal, asks the whig mob —

" Have you made Murray look less big,
Or smoked old Williams to a whig?"

In 177(5, with his family of six persons, he accompanied tin-
royal army to Halifax. In 177* he was proscribed and banish-
ed; and, in 177!', lost his extensive estates, under the Con-
spiracy Act, except one farm for his son Alexander.

He built a house in Prince William Street. St. John, where
he resided. A part of his grounds on that street were, in 1846,
rented to a horticulturist, who raised flowers for sale. Many
curious relicts of the family are among the descendants. His
account books and foster of his regiment that he commanded in
the old French war, show that he was a careful, calculating and
exact man in business.

In person he was about six feet three inches high, and well
proportioned. The Hon. Robert L. Hazen, member of the Ex-
ecutive Council of New Brunswick, and a grandson of Col.
Murray, has his portrait by Copley. He is represented as sit-
ting, and in the full dress of a gentleman, of the day, and his
person is show r n to the knees. There is a hole in the wig ; and
the tradition in the family is, that a party who sought the
colonel at his house after his flight, vexed because he eluded
them, vow^ed they would leave their mt rk behind them, and
accordingly pierced the canvas with a bayonet.

On a mausoleum in the rural cemetery at St. John, X. 13.,
removed from the old ground, is inscribed :

The Dead, how sacred ! Sacred is the dust.
And sacred may this marble long remain.

To the Memory of

John Murray, Esquire,

Who was born in Ireland

The 22 und Day of November, 1720

And died in this city August 30 th 1 7*J4.



Heaven gives as friends to bless the present scenes ;

Resumes them to prepare us for the next

All Evils natural are moral iroods ;

All Discipline. Indulgence on the Whole.

Believe and Look! with Triumph on the Tomb.



FIFTH AND SIXTH GENERATIONS. 249

The third wife of Col. John Murray, whom he married Sept.
1, 1761, was Lueretia Chandler — she sat three times to Copley
for her portrait — whose likeness by John Singleton Copley was
in the keeping of Mrs. Dolly Chandler, of Lancaster, Mass.
The portrait i.-. three quarters length, in full dress of brocade
silk, full flowing sleeves, showing the forearm, dress low and
cut square in the bust. In person she is represented as rather
small, slender, and of delicate figure, erect: the forehead very
high : large, lustrous dark blue eyes ; long Grecian nose ; chirk
chestnut hair. A most excellent portrait of a very handsome
subject. Mrs. Lueretia Murray left only one child :

i. Lucketia 3 MratRAY, b. June, 17G2 ; d. 30 Aug. 1830, unm. Her
monumental inscription is on the red sandstone column in
Nathaniel Chandler's lot, in the cemetery at Lancaster, Mass.



311

ELIZABETH 5 CHANDLER (John,* John, 3 John,- William 1 )
and-Hon. James Putnam, of Worcester.

They were married by Chief Justice Jonathan SewalL He-
was born in Danvers, 1725, and was graduated at H. U. 174i> ;
studied law with Jwl^a Trowbridge, and commenced its prac-
tice in Worcester in 1749. "His ability and learning soon gave
him a flood of clients." An associate who knew him well, said
of him : "Judge Putnam was an unerring lawyer; lie was
never astray in his law. He was, I am inclined to think, the
best lawyer of North America." At a time when military rank
was given as a real distinction of merit, and had not become
worse than an empty title, he was colonel of a regiment. In
1757, bearing the military rank of major, he led the military
companies of Worcester, under orders of Col. Chandler, to
reinforce the army of the Earl of Loudon in expectation
of an attack of the enemy. But after reaching Westtield,
finding the necessity of their services had passed, the expedi-
tion was given up. He was a zealous loyalist, and on the eve
of the Revolution, when the government party found itself
voted down four to one in Worcester, he drew up, with the
assistance of his wife's nephew, Dr. William Paine, the Protest
against the strong patriotic whig votes and proceedings of a
previous town meeting, which protest stands "illegibly" ex-
punged on the book of the town records.

One who had taken sides so strongly for his king could hard-
ly fail to receive from the excited whigs injuries and indignities
in various ways. Frank Moore, in his Diary of the American
Revolution, says: "In 1775 Col. Putnam, of Worcester, a firm
friend to government, had two fat cows stolen and a very
32



250



THE CHANDLER FAMILY.



valuable grist-mill binned, and was obliged to leave a fair
estate in Worcester and return to Boston, where lie litis been
ever.since. He accompanied the British army to New York,
thence he vvenjt to Halifax and embarked for England in 177C,
where he remained until the peace of 1783. In 1784 he war*
appointed a member of the Council of New Brunswick, and
Judge of the Supreme Court of that province. He resided in
the city of St. John, and retained the office of judge until his
death, Oct. 23, 17<si>, aged 64 years; and the' tablet erected
over his remains records that his widow Elizabeth died 2 May,
179&, aged <>(> ; his daughter Elizabeth Knox in 17N.S, aged IS ;
his granddaughter Elizabeth Knox in 1788, aged 5 inos. ; his
son Ebenezer in 17811, aged 36; and his great-grandson James
in 1825, aged 11 mos. The motto at the close of the inscrip-
tion is :

" Vivit post funera Virtus."

While in Worcester he lived on Main Street, at the corner of
Park, where Allen's Block stands. The house he lived in was
burnt in 1786. lie had his office opposite, in front of where
Jonas G. Clark's block stands. In this office, John Adams, second
president of the United States, studied law, and boarded in the
family of James Putnam while he was keeping the district
school of the village. Mr. Adams says in his Diary: "When
asked, in 175<s, by [those staunch whigs] Doolittle and Bald-
win, to settle in Worcester as an opponent to" the loyalists and
office-holders, " the Chandlers, I declined, with this among
other reasons — That as the Chandlers were worthy people, and
discharged the duties of their offices well, I envied not their
felicity, and had no desire to set myself in opposition to them
especially to Mr. Putnam, who had married a beautiful daugh-
ter of that family, and had treated me with civility and kind-
ness."

Mrs. Putnam was rather short in stature, was of dark com-
plexion, and had dark hair and eyes.

The children of Elizabeth and Hon. James Putnam were :



i. James Putnam, b. 15 Nov. 1 75G ; cl. March. 1838, in England.
He was of H. C. 1774 ; "refugee in 1775; ik one of the L8
County Gentlemen" who were driven to Boston, and who ad-
dressed Gov. Gage on his departure. He became' intimate at
one time with the Duke of Kent. lie was barrack master,
member of his household, and obtained by his influence the
colleetorship of the port of , and was one of the execu-
tors of his will. He had no issue.

ii. John Putnam, b> 27 Sept. 1758 ; d. young.



FIFTH AND SIXTH GENERATIONS. 251

iii. Ep.enezer Putnam, 1>. 20 Jan. 170:]; d. 3 April, 179S; m. 2
Dec. 17«6, Elizabeth 6 Chandler, of Worcester. [See 726.] She
"■ died 18 Jan. 1820," relict of Ebeuezer Putnam, of St. John,
N. B., aired 50. Buried in the Mechanic-Street cemetery,

iv. Elizabeth Pctnam, b. 7 May, 170!); d. 17.S7; in. Knox.

One child.



312



KATHEPJOT 5 CHANDLEE^

and Col. Levi Willard, Lancaster, Mass.

He was b. 1!> April, 1727; d. 11 July, 1775, of chronic
disease. lie was son of Samuel Willard, by his wife Elizabeth
Phelps.

He was a merchant at Lancaster, under the firm ot* Willard
& Ward (Samuel). The junior partner married Dorothy
Chandler, a niece of his wife Mrs. Katherine Willard. [See
713.] Their trading house was the largest in the County of
Worcester^ in their day. standing nearly in front of his house,
among the big elm- in South Lancaster, where Mr. Fay lived
in 1866. Their store was also nearly opposite, a little south,
of the house of his partner in business, Mr. Samuel Ward.
Mrs. Nathaniel Chandler occupied the Samuel Ward house in
1866. His real estate was inventoried, after his departure for
England as a refugee, in the vShip " Thomas," Capt. Callahan,
Sept. 177(1. at £6,538, and was confiscated. He returned in
17S5. He was collector of excise for Worcester County 17<i<):
Lieut. Col. under Col. Caleb Wilder; Justice of the Peace.

She left the church at Worcester, and joined that at Lan-
caster, under the care of Rev. Timothy Harrington, April,
1751). In her advanced years she was timid and singular about
somethings. ( )ne was, she was so fearful in riding, that she
would get into her chaise before the horse was harnessed in. She
and her husband were buried in the old part of the graveyard,
east of the railroad at Lancaster.

The children of Katherine and Col. Levi Willard were :

i. Levi Willard, b. Aug. 1756; d. 1790; II. U. 177.">; loyalist;
went to England; returned 1785.

ii. John Willard ; d. young.

iii. Katherine Willard, b. 15 Jan. 17f>f>: d. 3 Dec. 1750.

iv. Katherine Willard, b. 10 Sept. 17f>t ; d. 20 July, 1831, at
Roxbury ; ru. 15 Jan. 17!)2., John 3 Ainory, Jr., Esq., of Bos-
ton, who was b.' 21 June, 1759, d. t Sept. 1822, at Boston.
son of John' 2 Amory, of Boston, by his wife Catherine (dan.
of Rnf us Greene), who d. 177s. and grandson of Thomas 1
Amory, of Limerick, Ireland. lie resided in Newbury Street,



252 THE CHANDLER FAMILY.

Boston, and was in partnership with his brother Thomas. One
child.
v. Hannah Willard, b. 1 Jan. 1704; d. 11 April, 1807, num., at
Boston.



314



X
Col. JOSHUA 5 CHANDLER, Jr., Esq. (Joshua,* John*

John? William 1 ) and Sarah Miles, New Haven, Conn., dan.

of Joseph, 3 son of John, 2 son of Richard 1 Miles. Sarah 1 Miles,

b. 6 Oct. 1722: d. .

She lived only about two weeks after the family arrived in
the Provinces. She was a delicate person, and suffered much
on the passage there.

He was graduated at Y. C. 1747, being ranked the thirteenth
in the class of twenty-nine, in " dignity of family." He settled
at New Haven, in the practice of the law, and his house stood
where the Tontine Hotel was afterwards built. The Chandler
house, moved off, was afterwards the residence of Rev. Dr. L.
Bacon. Tlit- original site of the house was the north part of
the " Matthew Gilbert Lot." It came to Mr. Chandler from
Timothy Ailing. He and his son-in-law, Amos Botsford, who
lived on the rear of it, owned the whole of that square. Ik-
owned the Avery estate at New Haven, and also a salt marsh I
farm, five or six miles out from New Haven, near which passes
the railroad. He got about a hundred Frenchmen from the
Provinces to dyke it. This is still called the "Chandler Farm."

At a town meeting at New Haven, 23 May, 1774, Joshua
Chandler, Esq., was placed first on a Committee of eighteen,
" of Correspondence for the Public Safety." He was a mem-
ber of the Legislature of Conn. 1775. But he was soon sus-
pected of loyalty, and was sent to North Haven as a prisoner
by the whigs of New Haven. Like many of-his relatives in the
country who held offices in the colonies under the King, he was
loyal to the mother country ; and when New Haven was in-
vaded by the British troops under Major-Gen. \Yru. Tryon, on
Monday, at noon, 5th July, 1 7 7 i > , while the whigs were cele-
brating their independence from the mother country, they were
piloted in by two of the sons of Mr. Chandler. Now the crisis
had come, he could no longer remain neutral. But the next
morning, while he was preparing an entertainment for his
friends, Gen. Tryon told him that he could not hold the place,
for the militia were fast gathering. The outposts were called
in, and the enemy retreated, taking some of the prominent citi-
zens prisoners, and others of them as friends. Mr. Chandler
and his family went off as friends, and so sudden was the de-
parture that Gov. Baldwin, who was then a boy, said afterward



FIFTH AND SIXTH GENERATIONS. 253

he remembered going into Air. Chandler's house on the morn-
ing after they left, and there seeing the table spread for a large
company, and the viands all untouched. His son John, if he
left at all, soon returned to New Haven.

While on Long Island, 10 Feb. 1782, he, with others,
addressed 4i Mr. Rivington, acting Deputy Inspector General
of Refugees on the Island," and stated that " we were driven
from our respective homes, having left our property in the
count ry," &C

His property in and near New Haven, Conn., which he valued
at £30,000, was confiscated under the agency of Charles
Chauncy, Esq., of Xew Haven.

Joshua Chandler settled at Annapolis, Nova Scotia, on the
South Shore of the Bay of Eundy. "The landing of the
Loyalists, May 18, 1783," is one of the remarkable events
noticed in their registers, and that day as it returns is still
celebrated by a salute of cannon firing, at noon.

Charles Chauncy exhibited the inventory of his estate 1 Apr.
1781, £3,755 : 8s. : l£d. It was sold for £3,050 : Is. : 2d.

Col. Chandler (as above stated) had a large property at Xew
Haven, which he was forced to leave. He sailed for England
to see about a remuneration for his loss. Commissions were
appointed to adjust the claims of the loyalists. He returned to
Annapolis; and. on that fatal March of 1787, he, with his
daughter Elizabeth and son William Chandler, took all their
books, papers and evidence of their colonial property, and
sailed across the Bay for St. John, Xew Brunswick, to meet the
Commissioners, to prove their titles and their losses, and to get
their claims allowed. But the vessel in a violent snow .storm
missing the harbor, was driven on the rocks on Musquash Point,
within about nine miles of St. John. His son William, hoping
to secure the vessel, fastened a rope a -ound his body and
jumped overboard to swim to the land, but he was immediately
crushed between the vessel and the rocks, and was drowned.
This was on the 9th of March, 1787. Col. Chandler, his
daughter Elizabeth, and others, finally got ashore. But they
were miles from any dwelling and the weather severe. It is



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