George Chandler.

The Chandler family : the descendants of William and Annis Chandler who settled in Roxbury, Mass., 1637 (Volume 1) online

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tunity of really hurting ye Church, is his pretended friendship for
her, his wearing ye Garb of her children, his frequently quoting our
excellent Liturgy, Articles, Homilies. &c., with solemn declarations
of his esteem and admiration. I will sa} T no more of him as he has
at length left us ; but my greatest fear is that he will soon begin to
hanker after his dear America, few people choosing to continue long
in a state of Insignificance, when they have it in their power to
appear with more than Apostolic importance."

In 170b the Rev. Mr. Wbiteield had said, that "u Society
which since its first institution had been looked upon as a
Society for propagating the Gospel, hath been all the while
rather a Society for propagating Episcopacy in foreign parts."
[Gordon's America.]

&gain Mr. Chandler writes :

"Jan. 15, 17GG. The duty of a missionary in this Country is now
become more difficult than ever. It is hard to dissemble any truths
or precepts of the Gospel, and some of them relating to Civil Society
it is now become dangerous to declare. Such au universal spirit of
clamour and discontent, little short of madness, and such an opinion
of oppression prevails throughout the Colouies as I believe was
scarcely ever seen on any occasion in any Country on Earth. And it
seems to be the determined inflexible resolution of most People from
Halifax to Georgia, never to submit to what they esteem so great an
infringement of their essential rights as some of the late acts of the
British Parliament. Every friend therefore to 'the Happiness of the
Colonies, or even of Great Britain, who is acquainted with the case
as it really is, must wish that the Parliament would relax of its
seve7ity ; which yet, it must be confessed, is no easy thing, after such
Provocations as have been lately offered on the part of the Colonies.
Most probable the Parliament are able (altho' most people here pre-
tend not to believe they are) to enforce the Stamp Act; yet should
they resolve .to do it, a disaffection of the Colonies, of which there
have been no visible symptoms before, will be undoubtedly estab-

" I do not mean by what I have said to excuse the conduct of my
Countrymen ; for I really detest it, and do endeavor to traverse and
counteract it to the utmost of my ability. And yet this apology they
are entitled to, y' the government has not taken much pains to
instruct them better. if ye Interest of the Church of England in
America had been made a National Concern from the beginning, by
this time a general submission in ye Colouies to ye Mother Country, in
everything not sinful, might have been expected, not only for wrath,
but for conscience sake. And who can be certain but ye present
rebellious disposition of ye Colonies is not intended by Providence


as a punishment for that Neglect? Indeed many wise and good per-
sons, at home, have had ye Cause of Religion and ye Church here
sincerely at hcavt, and ye Nation, whether sensible of it or not, is J
under great obligations to that Worthy Society, who by their indefati-
gable endeavors'to pro-paqate the Gospel and assist the Church, have,
at iuc same time, and thereby, secured to ye State, as far as their
influence could be extended, ye Loyalty and Fidelity of her American

Dr. F. L. Hawks says : " Early in 17(17, the Rev. Dr. John-
son, of Stafford, Conn., suggested to Dr. Chandler, of Elizabeth
Town, in New Jersey, the propriety of addressing the public
on the subject of an American Episcopate." " Very soon
after," "a voluntary association of the Episcopal clergy"
assembled, and from their deliberations there resulted from the
pen of Dr. Chandler, "An Appeal to the Public in behalf of
the Church of England in America," published in June, 1767.
This appeal gave rise to a long controversy, iu which Dr.
Chauncy joined, with many others.

Dr. T. B. Chandler was intimate with Rev. Mr. Learning,
Dr. Vv likius and Dr. Seabury, and they met frequently, as the
storm of the Revolution was approaching, at each other's
houses, and discussed the agitating questions of the times ; and
they generally sat up late, and the day often dawned upon them
conversing. Mr. Chandler, who held a ready and vigorous
pen,- warmly espoused the loyal cause. Pie was a distinguished
divine and high churchman, and a tory writer. Trumbull, in
" McFingal," thus notices him :

" While mitres fall, as 'tis their duty,
On,heads of Chandlers and Auchniuty."

In 1775, Dr. Chandler found his situation unpleasant and
painful, as well from the active part he deemed it his duty to
take as from the violent feeling generally entertained against
the church of which he was minister, and he was induced from
these considerations to go to England, where he remained until
1785. He sailed in the "Exeter," May 24, 1775, in company
with Dr. Myles Cooper, president of King's College, New

During the ten years of his residence in London, he received
an addition to his salary, from the Society for the Propagation
of the Gospel, of £200. He was made D.D. at Oxford, and
was appointed to the Bishopric of Nova Scotia — an office he
was compelled to decline from the progress of a disease, con-
tracted from visiting one sick with small-pox in the spring of
175-S, and which developed from a small scab on his face into
a cancer in 17*0. Upon his death a pension was allowed his
widow until her death. The cancerous disease upon his face


prevented his pastoral duties after his return to America ; but
he was requested to hold the rectorship, by the vestry, as^long
as he lived, which was until 1790. lie was k> buried under the
chancel of the church where he had so lung labored."

A scheme for a. lottery was granted in 1759, for making an
addition to and repairing St. John's Church, and there were
" tickets to be had of Rev. Mr. Chandler.*'

" During the Revolution the state of the Parish was truly
deplorable." The town was sometimes occupied by the troops
of England, and at others by the colonial forces. This little
church had its full share of the evil. The enclosure for protect-
ing the repository of the dead, lay open to the range of beasts,
and the unhallowed movements of men little better than they.
The headstones of graves became fire-places at which the soldier
dressed his homely meal, while larger monuments served as
tables at which he partook of his frugal fare. While all around
this ediliee were marks of wasting and destruction, the interior
exhibited a scene of ruin not less distressing. .Even "the
organ then in the church was demolished and the metal pipes
were converted into balls for the work of death. The dragoon
who tethered his horse by day upon the graves of the dead, led
him by night within these walls, for a shelter from the storm."

" There were with many in 1748, an expectation of an
Episcopal establishment in this country, where men of talents
could indulge the hope of becoming dignitaries in the Church.
The bait of preferment was at this time offered to Dr. E. Stiles.
Whether the circumstances of the times had an insensible intlu-
ence over the mind of Mr. Chandler or not, it was in 1748 that
he was proselyted to Episcopacy."

The salary of Dr. Chandler was £50 sterling a year, on
which, with some slight contributions from the congregation, a
parsonage and small glebe, he lived with such a degree of ease
and comfort, and with such a free and unlimited hospitality as
were remembered by many while living, both with wonder
and pleasure. Extensively as Dr. Chandler was known and
respected by strangers, he was still more beloved by his parish-
ioners and friends. Cheerful in his temper, easy and accessible
in his intercourse with others, fond of study, of retirement and
rural pursuits, but yet blending and sweetening them with
social enjoyments, it was natural that his affability, his kind-
ness, his constant presence and unintermitted labors should
endear him to his people.

Dr. T. B. Chandler was a large, portly man, of fine personal
appearance, of a countenance expressive of high intelligence,
though considerably marked with the small-pox, an uncommonly
blue eye, of commanding voice and a great lover of music.
He had fine powers of conversation, and he was a most agree-


able companion for all ages. lie possessed an uncommonly
vigorous and highly cultivated intellect.

Rev. Dr. T. B. Chandler died 17 June, 1790, a. 64, of the
cancerous effects of small-pox, at his house in Elizabeth Town,
N. J.

An engraving from an oil painting by his brother Winthrop,
adorns these pages.

The children of Rev. T. B. and Jane (Emott) Chandler
were :

756. i. Capt. William, b. 1756; bapt. 23 May, 1756. He was
graduated at King's (Columbia) College, 1774.
He fled in Jan. 1776, on account of his loyalty and parentage ; but
returned in December following, and remained until the evacuation of
Elizabeth Town by the Royal troops, January, 1777, when he was
again obliged to flee. He states these facts in a memorial to Lord
George Germaine, 11 Feb. 1770. and adds that General kSkinner gave
him a warrant to be Captain in the New Jersey Volunteers, April,
1777; ||tit that^he hud received no pay for two years; and he prays
his Lordship's recommendation to Sir Henry Clinton, for a commis-
sion in the New Jersey Brigade. [Sabine's Loyalists.] June 7,
1780, the British made a descent upon Elizabeth Town, and then
advanced five miles to Connecticut Farms, where Rev. Mr. Caldwell
had fled with his family. • Mr. Caldwell had excited the hatred of the
British by his patriotism. The militia under Col. Dayton had left
the Farms, so there could be no occasion for tiring a gun. But as
soon as the British soldiers had reached the Farms, one of their
American Volunteers who had been a servant in the family of Rev.
Dr. T. B. Chandler, of Elizabeth Town, went to the house where
Mrs. Hannah (Ogden) Caldwell was sitting with her children, and
putting his gun through the window, and taking deliberate aim, shot
Mrs. Caldwell while she had her infant in her arms ! At the earnest
reqnest of Capt. Chandler, son of the Episcopal clergyman. Rev.
T. 1>. Chandler, of Elizabeth Town, in the British service, the body
of Mrs. Caldwell was carried away with the children, and protected
in a house some distance off ; but her own house was set on fire and
burnt with twelve others and the Presbyterian Church. Capt. Win.
Chandler died 22 Oct. 1784, in England, at the age of 38.

757. ii. Mart Rickets; bapt. 15 Nov. 1761 ; d. 28 June, 1784, a.

22. unrn., about one year before her father's return from

758. in. Elizabeth Catherine; bapt. 22 July, 1764; m. 19 Jan.

1786, Gen. Elias Boudinot Dayton.

759. iv. Jane Tongkelal ; bapt. 27 Sept. 1767; m. 3 May, 1796,

Major "William Dayton, both of Elizabeth Town.

760. v. Mary Goodin, b. 11 Sept. 1774; m. 6 May, 1800, Rev.

John Henry Hobart.




WILLIAM 5 CHANDLER ( William* John, 3 John? Wil-
liamS) and Mary 4 Hodges, Woodstock.

Qty^/TZ,^^ ' ' hlst Sabbath " preceding 30

C~ /* y *• ^ ^ an - 1753, and were married

S U? £ 5 July, 1753.

She died 14 Sept. 1796, a.
, £ ^ 64, in Pomfret. She was

'?/£&'&*?;/ J^Z? c?*& ej daughter of Capt. William 3
C^ Ci/ ^ Hodges, of Taunton, who was

born 6 June, 1682, died 23 June, 1761'), by his second wife,
Mary Clap, and grand-dau. of John 2 Hodges, proprietor in
Taunton, "in right that was of his father," by his wife Eliza-
beth Maey, whom he m. 15 May, 1672, and gr. gr. dau. of
Capt. William 1 Hodges, who was of Boston 1663, on a jury at
Salem 1638, and whose excursions by sea to Virginia, to the
coast of the present State of Maine, to the Gulf of St. Law-
rence, and by whom in the good ship "Rebecca," Gov. John
Winthrop, of Boston, sent letters on the " 26 of the 1 Mo.
1636,'' to his " very loving son, Mr. Winthrop Jun. Governour
of Connecticut," are mentioned in Winthrop's History of New
England. " Capt. William 1 Hodges seems also to have com-
manded a ship in several voyages from Boston to England and
back, and is mentioned several times in connection with John
Gallop, another sea captain ; but as there are no references to
the voyages of either of them after the settlement at Taunton,
and as John Gallop appears to have been a proprietor of land
at Taunton, and whose dau. Esther Gallop afterwards married
Henry Hodges, son of Captain William Hodges, it is probable
that Captain William Hodges, of Boston, and William 1 Hodges,
of Taunton, were the same individual, and that he and John
Gallop abandoned the sea, to share with Miss Pool the perils of
the wilderness at Titicut, and d. there 2 April, 1654."

William Hodges, father of Mary Hodges, said in his will,
March 5th, 1764, " I give to my Grand Daughter Sarah daugh-
ter of my Daughter Mary Chandler thirteen pounds Six Shil-
lings & four pence lawful money to he paid out of my personal
Estate by my Executors hereafter named, provided* She arrive
at the age of Eighteen Years or in the meantime should have
issue, but failing of either of the aforesaid conditions then s a
Sum to be equally divided between my four sons equally,"
" And also that s l1 Abijah Suitably Support and maintain my
Grand Daughter Sarah until Eighteen years of age (if she sec-
cause to dwell with him) & give her two suits of apparel suit-
able for her body at that age and on his failure Abijah to have


no part of my personal Estate." " My Son Abijah Hodges "
" Sole Executor."

Capt. William 1 Hodges m. Mary Andrews, who wits dau. of
Henry Andrews, Sen., who in his will of May 15, 1652, sfavc
"To Daughter Mary Hedges, wife of William Hedges, a dwel-
ling house in Taunton, near his own, and after her to his grand-
son John Fledges." This place has remained the property of
the descendants of John- Hodges until this day. The house is
on the Norton road, half a mile west of the " Green." Henry
Andrews married Mary 3 Gilbert Williams, and, in her will,
Feb. 14, 1653, she says she is 43 years old, and she disposes
of the estate of her deceased husband Henry Andrews, " to
Son-in-law William 1 Hedge and dan. Mary Hedge."

Mary Hedges, widow " of William 1 Hedges," of Taunton,
in her will disposes of the estate left her by her husband to her
sons John'- and Henry- Hodges ; and she says in it, "I request
Peter Pitts to perform these conditions, in case 1 make him my

" The wife of Henry Andrews, Mary 3 Gilbert Williams, was
dau. of Samuel- and Jane (Gilbert) Williams, and gr.-dau. of
Richard 1 and Frances (Dighton) Williams.

William 5 Chandler, Jr. died 23 Feb. 1756, leaving two sons,
and she m. second, 29 Sept. 1757, Peter 4 Chandler, of Pom fret,
son of Capt. Joseph and Susanna (Perrin) Chandler. [See

George 4 Hodges, half brother of Mary, 4 moved to Wood-
stock, Conn., and "upon the occasion of one of his visits to
his homestead in Taunton, he brought a friend whom he intro-
duced to his sister Mary." ''Tradition says, Mary was a
young lady of great personal beauty." This "friend," William
Chandler, Jr., in time became her husband. There was not a
little romance and mystery about their courtship, for their love
ran not smooth though deep. Some letters that came to light
a century afterwards, show that she had at that time many
admirers, some of whom she found it difficult to wholly dis-
card. These letters were discovered by an inquisitive mechan-
ical genius, in a curiously constructed secret drawer in her
bureau, made of butternut wood, by her tirst husband.

Mr. Chandler took Ithamar Ammidown, a minor, fifteen years
and three months old, as an apprentice, and agreed to teach
him the " art or mystery of a shop-joiner, and to make foot-
wheels," &c, in the twenty-fifth year of ye Reign of our Sov-
ereign Lord George ye Second, by the Grace of God King of
Great Britain — ye year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hun-
dred and fifty-two.

It was but a little while after this, and while resistance to the
stamp act by the whigs of the country was promoted and in-


flamed, "that tfre hum of domestic industry was heard more
and more ; young women would get together, and merrily and
emulously drive the spinning wheel from sunrise till dark ; and
every day the humor spread for being clad in homespun," says
Bancroft (sec 75-1) in his admirable Hist, U. States, Vol. V.,
p. 425.

At a freeman's meeting in Woodstock, 8 April, 1754, he was
admitted a -freeman," and sworn by Thomas Chandler, Justice
of the Peace.

William Chandler, Jr. was a shop-joiner, in Woodstock,
Conn. He died kk Feb. 23, 175l>, in y c 29 th year of his age."
He left two sons behind him, says his monumental stone in
Woodstock on "Plaine Hill," but the youngest was not bom
until the 17th June after his death.

The children of William and Mary (Hodges) Chandler
were :

7G1. i. William, b. 9 June, 1754 ; m. first. 1777. Mary Grosvenor :
m. second, 17 Feb. 1780. Patty Hill, of Providence, R. I. :
m. third, 8 May, 1788, Eunice Tenney, of Hanover.

7G2. ii. Henry, l>. 17 June, 1756; m. 10 April, 1781, Martha
Brown, in Pomfret. Conn.


LEMUEL 5 CHANDLER ( William, 4 John, 3 Jo7in, s William 1 )

and Damaris Felchar, Killingly.

" John Felshaw and Damaris Chandler, both of Killingly,
were appointed administrators on the Estate of Lemuel Chand-
ler, late of Killingly, Conn., 13 June, 1758."

Capt. John Felshaw's tavern " was one of the most noted"
taverns. It was on Killingly Hill. In 1779 he was far ad-
vanced in life. He died 1782. Son Sam 1 continued the

Pie d. 17 July, 1756, aged 26.

His brother Samuel saicl in his will of 20 Nov. 1789, "I o-j ve
unto the heirs of my brother Lemuel," 5s.

Lemuel and Damaris (Felchar) Chandler had one child :

7G3. i. Elizahetii, b. 22 Jan. 175G ; m. Wolcott, of Oxford,



TIIEOPHILUS 5 CHANDLER ( William, 4 John* John"
William 1 ) and Elizabeth Frink, Thompson, Conn.

They were m. by her father, Rev. Thomas Frink, of Rutland
District, afterwards Hutchinson, but now Barre, Mass.


The Rev. Thomas Frink was a native of Sudbury, Mass. He
married Isabel Wright, dau. of Samuel Wright, Esq., by his
wife Mary Stevens, who was dau. of Mary Willard, dau. of
Hon. Major Simon Willard, of Lancaster, Mass., by his sec-
ond wife Mary Dunsterj sister of President Dunster, of Har-
vard College.

Mrs. Elizabeth Frink Chandler had three children, and died
23 March, 1771, in Petersham, Mass. Her portrait in oil by
her brother-in-law, Winthrop Chandler, hangsinthe house built
by her husband and afterwards occupied by her grandson,
Charles Chandler, Esq., on Chandler Hill, Thompson, Conn., a
part of the homestead farm of Capt. William Chandler, her
father-in-law. This painting is 30 by 36 inches, and the figure
is half-size, showing the arms and hands crossed. She is erect and
is dressed in yellow figured brocade silk — her waist is small and
her dress is low in the neck, and pointed in front ; sleeves open,
and, at the elbow, double ruffled, under-sleeves half down the
forearm. xV small figured black lace shawl covers the shoul-
ders close round the neck, pointed down to the waist. A small
white cap partly covers the ears, but showing large earrings
and coming under the chin with a dark ribbon in a bow on top
of her head. Her face is large. Cheek bones rather high —
forehead retreating — nose Roman — lips thick — chin retreating
— arms delicate ; all making a very handsome picture, and
showing her to have been a good-looking woman, at the age of
about thirty. She left three children.

Pie was published " Sept. y* 1, 1773," "both of Petersham,"
to Abigail Ballard, formerly of Framingham, She d. 29 April,
1816, at the age of 74 years, in Thompson, and was buried by
the remains of her husband, in Muddy Brook, and on her mon-
ument is inscribed :

" Affliction long time I bore,
Physicians skill was vain,
Till God was pleased to give me ease
And free me from my pains."

Theophilus lived some years in Petersham, Mass., and in
17G!) represented that town in the General Court. The reason
he gave for leaving Petersham was that "-there were so many
Tories there." He returned to Thompson, and built there with
his own hands, for he was a carpenter by trade, a large two-
story house on " Chandler Hill." He was engaged one or more
years in Vermont, as land surveyor. In his portrait by his
brother Winthrop, he holds the scale of the surveyor and is
pointing off the figures. He is painted with a white wig, single
breasted coat of very light blue, single breasted vest buttoned
up to the neck, of bright crimson, black band round the neck,
with shirt collar turned over, full shirt sleeves gathered in at


the wrist. The painting is half-size. He is represented us tall,
erect, of rather small body, large full face, florid countenance
light eyes, Roman nose, and as a tine looking man of thirty-live

^Ie d. oi July, 1816, aged 84. Winthrop and Theophilus
B., his sons, were executors of his will. His estate was inven-
toried at $5*420.62, with claims against it of $111.41. In his
last years he became blind :

" Tis but a few whose days amount
To three score years and ten,
And all beyond that short account
Is sorrow, toil and pain."

The children of Theophilus Chandler were :

764. i. Winthrop, b. at Petersham, Mass., 4 April, 1764 ; in. 30

May, 1793, Mary Morse, of Woodstock.

765. ii. Isabkl, b. 20 March, 1766; m. 14 June, 171)2, Caleb May,

of Woodstock.

766. in. Jkmima, b. 25 Aug. 1768 ; d. 19 Nov. 1768.

767. iv. Mary, b. 10 Oct. 1773; m. 13 Feb. 1791, Daniel Paine, of


768. v. Theophilus Bradbury, b. at Thompson, Conn., 14 Aug.

1776 ; m. 9 Dec. 1802, Hannah Bugbee.

769. vi. Barnabas, b. 20 Sept. 1782; d.'27 Nov. 1783, a. 11 mos.

7 days.


JEMIMA 5 CHANDLER ( William* John? John? William 1 )
and Gen. Samuel 3 McClellan, Woodstock, Conn.

He was 1). at Worcester, Mass., 4 Jan. 1730 ; ,d. 17 Sept.
1807, at Woodstock, Conn., says the " Boston Repertory" of
Oct. 2, 1807. He was probably son of William,- the constable, in
Worcester, and Jeannie Calhoun McClellan, and grandson of
James, 1 the Scotch-Irish immigrant. lie settled at Woodstock,
Conn., and resided in South Woodstock, where Rhodes Arnold
afterwards kept a tavern. He was a merchant ; was in the
French war, and was wounded in that service.

Immediately on the news of the Lexington tight, 19 April,'
1775, reaching Woodstock, Capt. McClellan inarched his com-
pany of 48 mounted men, and got as far as Oxford on his way
to the scene of conflict, when news reached him that the British
foe had retired to the confines of Boston. At this alarm it is
said fifty towns in Connecticut sent troops towards Lexington.
He commanded a regiment of Connecticut troops in the expe-
dition to Rhode Island, and also to the Hudson River. In 1778
he advanced £1000 out of his own estate to pay the men under
his command, as there was no money in the public treasury to


pay them. He represented the town of Woodstock in the
Legislature of Connecticut, in 1775.

In 1776, when he was acting as major, red tape formality led
the commissary on one occasion to refuse food to ids starving
troops, wiien called for by the colonel of the regiment. The
indignation of Maj. McClellan resented this formality. He got
the proper leave, and took a tile of men and went to the cere-
monious commissary and said to him, "You rascal! do you
think I will permit my regiment to starve in a cook-shop fur-
nished by the public ? Do you Sir, turn out sufficient rations
for our soldiers, or I will dispatch you !" while his ten six-foot
sokliers all presented their bayonets at the breast of the com-
missary, who instantly and tremblingly threw open his store
door and turned out the necessary supply, to the great joy and
mirth of the soldiers.

The noble horse that was ridden by Col. McClellan during
the war, so accustomed had he become to martial music, thai
for years after the war ceased, whenever he heard the drum and
fife on training-day. would leap from his pasture and parade
himself before the company of soldiers, with as much apparent
satisfaction as the captain who commanded it.

His wife Jemima died 13 April, 1764, at the age of 30, and
was buried at Muddy Brook. Four children.

He m. 5 March, 1766, Rachel Abbe, b. 6 Feb. 1738-9, dau.

Online LibraryGeorge ChandlerThe Chandler family : the descendants of William and Annis Chandler who settled in Roxbury, Mass., 1637 (Volume 1) → online text (page 28 of 44)