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double postmedial black lines.

Hob. Khasis. Exp. 16 millim.

SECT. II. (Gallinaias). Hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked.

4505. Trichophysetis nigricincta, Hmpsn. Ill Set. ix, p. 180, pi. 174,

fig. 15.

d . Yellowish white ; abdomen with a deep black dorsal band

on 2nd segment. Pore wing
with black speck at base ;
double curved ante- and post-
medial lines, the latter out-
wardly oblique ; the apical area
fulvous, with a black line from
below costa to outer margin at

_ vein 3. Hind wing with double

Fig. 78. antemedial line, the inner one

Trichophysetis nigricincta, $ . \. fulvous and indistinct, the

outer prominently black from

to inner margin ; a double postmedial line, the inner one
fuscous and most prominent.

Hob. Khasis ; Ceylon. Exp. 18 millim.




140 PYBALID-E.

4506. Trichophysetis gracilentalis, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890,
p. 287, pi. 8, fig. <3.

c?. Head black; thorax and abdomen yellowish white. Fore
wing silky yellowish white, with traces of curved medial and post-
medial ferruginous lines, most prominent towards costa ; a large
apical black patch. Hind wing with the base yellowish white,
becoming rufous suffused with fuscous on outer area ; traces of
antemedial and medial ferruginous lines and of a diffused fuscous
submarginal band.

Hob. Bhutan ; Rangoon. Exp. 14 millim.

Genus HENDECASIS, nov.

Type, H. duplifascialis, Hmpsn.

Range. "W. Africa ; India ; Ceylon.

Palpi porrect, straight, and nearly naked, about three times'the
length of head, the 2nd joint long, the 3rd well developed ; maxil-
lary palpi triangularly scaled ; frons rounded ; antennae annulate
and somewhat thickened. Fore wing with the apex acute ; the
outer margin excurved at middle ; veins 3, 4, 5 from angle of cell ;
7 absent ; 8, 9, 10 stalked. Hind wing with veins 3, 4, 5 from
angle of cell ; 6, 7 from upper angle.

4507. Hendecasis duplifascialis, Hmpsn. III. lto.vm,p. 141, pi. 156,

fig. 18.

White with a fulvous tinge ; palpi and frons blackish ; abdomen
suffused with fulvous and with fuscous towards extremity. Fore

wing with ill-defined pale
fulvous subbasal band ; a
sinuous fuscous antemedial
line with fulvous band inside
it ; an indistinct white lunule
at end of cell ; a postmedial
fuscous line highly excurved

Fig. 79. beyond cell ; a black spot

Hendecasis duplifascialis, rf . f . beyond it above vein 5 ; the

apical area fulvous ; a fuscous

line from costa near apex, becoming almost marginal at vein 6, and
with some white inside it. Hind wing with double sinuous black
ante- and postmedial lines, becoming obsolete on costal half of
wing and with fulvous between them ; slight white marks on
margin and black specks between vein 2 and anal angle.

Hob. W. Africa ; Dharmstila ; Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 14-
16 millim.

4508. Hendecasis fulvalis, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 180, pi. 174, fig. 7.
$ . Differs from duplifascialis in the palpi being orange-yellow.

Fore wing with the inner area between the ante- and postmedial
lines orange ; the postmedial double line bent outwards at vein 5
and reaching outer margin near outer angle. Hind wing with the




HENDECASIS. PLEOKECTOIDES. l4l

apical area much suffused with fulvous ; the ante- and postmedial
double lines more oblique, reaching the inner margin nearer the
anal angle, and not obsolete but widely separated on costal half of
wing ; no black specks on the margin and hardly a trace of white.
Hab. Ceylon. Exp. 14 millim.



Genus PLEONECTOIDES.

Pleonectoides, Hmpsn. Ill Het. viii, p. 134 (1891).

Type, P. vinacea, Hrapsn.

Range. Assam ; Nilgiris ; Sumbawa.

Palpi porrect and rostriform, projecting about twice the length
of head, the 2nd joint thickly clothed with hair concealing the 3rd ;
maxillary palpi dilated with scales ; frons oblique ; antennae
annulated with rings at the joints ; legs long and slender ; the
outer spurs about half the length of inner ; abdomen with lateral
tufts towards extremity. Fore wing long and narrow; vein 3
from angle of cell ; 4, 5 on a long stalk ; 6 from below upper
angle; 7,8, 9, 10 stalked, and 11 closely approximated to them.
Hind wing narrow ; vein 3 from angle of cell ; 4, 5 on a long
stalk ; the cell short; 6, 7 stalked.

4509. Pleonectoides vinacea, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 134, pi. 155,

fig. 19.

6 . Pale rufous suffused with purplish fuscous ; palpi white
below ; frons white at sides ; abdomen fuscous towards extremity,

the anal tuft white. Fore wing
with the basal two-thirds of
costa dark, the apical third ful-
vous; curved ante- and post-
medial lines, the latter slightly
angled inwards on vein 2.
Hind wing with the costal

Pleonectoides 'vinacea, <$ . \. and inner areas whitish; an

obliquely curved postmedial
line, becoming obsolescent towards anal angle ; cilia of both wings
whitish. Underside of hind wing white, with the' postmedial line
dark.

Hab. Nilgiris. Exp. 20 millim.

4510. Pleonectoides sericialis, n. sp.

2 . Pale silky purplish grey ; a minutely waved indistinct
submarginal line, slightly excurved between veins 6 and 2 of fore
wing, straight on hind wing, and terminating on outer margin at
vein 2 ; a marginal series of dark specks, terminating at vein 2 of
hind wing.

Hab. Margharita, Assam ; Sumbawa (Dolierty). Exp. 16 millim.
Type in coll. Elwes.




Genus EOSTEIPALPUS, nov.

Type, R. longipennis, Hmpsn.

Range. S.India; Ceylon

Palpi rostriform, curved downwards and reaching well beyond
the slight frontal tuft; maxillary palpi minute; antennae of
female minutely ciliated ; tibiae with the spurs long. Fore wing
roduced at aex vein 3 from anle of



very lon
cell ; 4,




nutely cate ; ae w e spurs ong. ore wng
, narrow, and produced at apex ; vein 3 from angle of
cell ; 4, 5 stalked ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 from cell. Hind wing
with vein 3 from angle of cell ; 4, 5 stalked ; 6, 7 from upper
angle, 7 anastomosing strongly with 8.

4511 Rostripalpus longipennis, Hmpsn. III. Het. viii, p. 128, pi. 154,
fig. 20.

. Dull purplish irrorated
with fuscous. Fore wing with

P a ^ e s p ec ^ s on uter na tf f costa ;

indistinct erect black medial and
post-medial lines ; a fuscous disco-
cellular spot. Hind wing with
indistinct antemedial and medial
-p. 81 black lines, highly angled at

Bostripalpus longipennis, $ . f . middle ; both wings with a pale

line at base of cilia.

Hob. Nilgiris ; Ceylon. Exp. 16 millim.



Genus COTACHENA.
Cotachena, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii, p. 275 (1885).

Type, C. histricalis, Wlk.

Range. China ; India ; Ceylon ; Solomons.

Palpi porrect, triangularly scaled, the 3rd joint hidden by hair ;
maxillary palpi filiform ; f rons rounded ; antennae of male with
long cilia ; hind tibiae with the outer medial spur about half the
length of the inner. Fore wing with the retinaculum formed by
a large valve of scales from below median nervure in both sexes ;
the costa arched towards apex ; the outer margin oblique ; the cell
short ; vein 3 from beyond angle of cell ; 4, 5 closely approxi-
mated for about half their length. Hind wing with the cell very
short ; vein 3 from angle of cell ; 4, 5 approximated for about one-
fourth length ; 6, 7 from upper angle, 7 anastomosing strongly
with 8.

4512. Cotachena histricalis, Wlk. Cat. xviii, p. 655 ; Hmpsn. III.

II. f. ix, pi. 172, fig. 5 ; C. fy S. no. 4355.
Archemis pubescens, Warr. A. M. N. H. (6) ix, p. 300.




COTACHENA. 143

Palpi black, white below ; thorax and abdomen yellow. Fore

wing yellow suffused with
rufous and fuscous ; an ante-
medial dark line with a more
or less prominent hyaline
speck before it in the cell and
a large quadrate hyaline spot
beyond it with black outer
edge ; a large hyaline medial

Fig. S2.Cotachena histricalis, <$. }. s P ot below vein 3 > with a line

from, it to inner margin ; a

lunulate dark-edged hyaline spot from costa to vein 5, with a line
from it to vein 3. Hind wing pale orange, with a dark cell-
speck ; a postmedial line bent outwards between veins 5 and 2 and
often reduced to spots.

The Chinese and Dharmsala race pubescens is smaller, with the
fore wing more suffused with fuscous than the typical southern
form.

Hob. China ; Dharmsala ; Sikhim ; Nagas ; Mlgiris ; Ceylon,
Exp. 22-26 millim.



Subfamily PYRALIN^E.

Proboscis usually well developed ; maxillary palpi present and
usually filiform. Fore wing with vein 7 stalked with 8, 9. Hind
wing with the median nervure non-pectinate ; vein 8 free.

Key to the Genera.

A. Hind tarsi with no tuft of hair on 1st

joint.
a. Palpi with the 2nd and 3rd joints

upturned.

a'. Proboscis absent or minute ; fore wing

with veins 4, 5 stalked or closely

approximated towards origin.

a 2 . Fore wing with vein 9 stalked with

7, 8; hind wing with vein 4

present 3. AGLOSSA, p. 147.

2 . Fore wing with vein 9 from cell ;

hind wing with vein 4 absent .... 2. CBOCALIA, p. 147.
b f . Proboscis well developed.

a 2 . Abdomen long and dilated at
extremity ; antennae of male with

short branches 1. VITESSA, p. 145.

6 2 . Abdomen normal ; antennae of

male ciliated.
a 3 . Hind wing with veins 4, 5

stalked.
a 4 . Fore wing with vein 7 from 8

after 9 4. HYPSOPYGIA, p. 148.

6 4 . Fore wing with vein 7 from

8 before 9 5. PYBALIS, p. 149.



144 PYBALIDjE.

ft 3 . Veins 4, 5 of each wing approxi-
mated for about one-third length 6. TEGULIFEEA, p. 152.
c 3 . Veins 4, 6 of neither wing

approximated towards origin.
a*. Fore wing with vein 7 from 8

before 9.

a s . Maxillary palpi well deve-
loped 8. LARICE, p. 158.

b s . Maxillary palpi minute 7. STEMMATOPHOBA,

ft 4 . Fore wing with vein 7 from [p. 154.

8 after 9 11. EURYZONA, p. 163.

b. Palpi obliquely upturned, the 3rd joint

porrect.

a'. Fore wing with veins 4, 5 approxi-
mated for about one- third length.
a 2 . Proboscis well developed ; antennae

of male ciliated 10. HERCULIA, p. 159.

b 2 . Proboscis minute; antennae of

male with short branches <t 9. TAMRACA, p. 158.

b'. Fore wing with veins 4, 5 not approxi-
mated towards origin.
a 2 . Fore wing with vein 7 from 8 [p. 163.

after 9 12. KHYNCHOPYGIA,

ft 2 . Fore wing with vein 7 from 8

before9 13. TRIPHASSA, p. 169.

c. Palpi straight and porrect.

a'. Veins 4, 5 of each wing approximated

for about one-third length.
a 2 . Palpi with a long sharp tuft of hair

at end of 2nd joint below 27. LORYMA, p. 183.

ft 2 . Palpi with no tuft of hair on 2nd

joint 29. TYNDIS, p. 185.

ft'. Veins 4, 5 of neither wing approxi-
mated towards origin.
a a . Maxillary palpi well developed ;
palpi about the length of head ;
fore wing with vein 7 from 8

before 9 30. DISCORDIA, p. 186.

ft 2 . Maxillary palpi minute ; palpi about
two and a half times length of
head ; fore wing with vein 7 from
8 after 9 26. PROTEINIA, p. 182.

d. Palpi rostriform and downcurved at

extremity.

a', Fore wing with vein 6 from the cell.
a*. Palpi less than twice the length of

head.
a 8 . Maxillary palpi triangularly

scaled 28. CONSTANTIA, p. 183.

ft 3 . Maxillary palpi filiform and well
developed; irons usually with
a sharp tuft.

a*. Veins 4, 6 of neither wing

approximated towards origin.

a 6 . Abdomen without dorsal

tufts ; fore wing with the

costa not arched at base . . 22, BOSTRA, p. 175,



VITESSA. 145

b 5 . Abdomen with dorsal tufts ;
fore wing with the costa

^ arched at base 16. OMPHALOCEBA, p. 167,

b l . Veins 4, 5 of each wing approxi-
mated for about one-third

length or stalked 19. PARACTENIA, p. 172.

c 3 . Maxillary palpi minute.

4 . Fore wing with veins 4, 5

from angle of cell 23. DILOXIA, p. 179.

. Fore wing with veins 4, 5

^ stalked 17. TOCCOLOSIDA, p. 168,

b' 2 . Palpi more than twice the length

of head.

a 3 . Maxillary palpi filiform ; frons
with a sharp tuft; hind wing
of male with a tuft of hair near

inner margin above 20. PROSABIS, p. 173.

b s . Maxillary palpi minute ; frons
smooth ; palpi with the 2nd
joint short, the 3rd long, in male
with a fringe of hair on inner

side arising from a groove 21. TEEBANIA, p. 174.

b'. Fore wing with vein 6 stalked with

7,8,9. 4

a 2 . Fore wing with vein 10 free .... 15. HYBOLOMA, p. 167.
6 2 . Fore wing with vein 10 stalked

with 6, 7, 8, 9 25. OBYBINA, p. 181.

B. Hind tarsi with a large tuft of hair on
1st joint.

a. Palpi long, rostriform and fringed

with hair in male, upturned in female. 14. EHYNCHETEHA,p.l66.

b. Palpi long, rostriform, and smoothly

scaled in both sexes ; male with tufts
of hair at end of 2nd and on 3rd
joint, forming a cavity 24. PBOPACHYS, p. 180.

c. Palpi short and straight, hardly reaching

beyond the frontal tuft 18. SACADA, p. 169.



Genus VITESSA.
Vitessa, Moore, Lep. E. I. C. p. 299 (1858).

Type, V. suradeva, Moore.

Range. Sikhim ; Assam ; S. India ; Ceylon ; Burma ; Anda-
mans ; Nicobars ; Celebes ; Ceram ; New Guinea.

Palpi upturned, slender, and smoothly scaled, the 2nd joint
reaching vertex of head, the 3rd long ; maxillary palpi dilated
with scales ; antennae bi pectinate in male with very short branches
dilated at extremity, thickened and flattened in female ; tibiae
slightly fringed with hair ; abdomen dilated at extremity and with
large anal tuft, the claspers of male very large and usually pro-
truded. Fore wing long and narrow ; the costa arched towards
apex ; vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 4, 5 stalked in male, approxi-

VOL. IV. L



146 PYRALUXE.

mated in female ; 9 given oft from 8 after 7. Hind wing with
vein 3 from near angle of cell; 4, 5 and 6, 7 stalked in male;
4, 5 approximated in female.

4513. Vitessa suradeva, Moore, Lep. E. I. C. p. 299, pi. viia, fig. 7;

C. 8f S. no. 4516.

Vitessa formosa, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 137, fig. 1 ; C. $ S. no. 4514.
Vitessa rama, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. hi, p. 256, pi. 178, fig. 4 ; C. 8f S.
no. 4516.

Head and thorax golden yellow ; 3rd joint of palpi and antennae;
black ; collar and patagia with paired metallic black spots, the
latter tipped with black and the mesothorax with a black spot ;
abdomen banded black and white ; anal tuft orange. Fore wing
with the base golden yellow ; two subbasal metallic black spots ;




Fig. 83. Vitessa suradeva, $ . \.

two quadrate black antemedial patches ; the medial area greyish
white, with an irregular medial band of dentate marks enclosing an
oval white spot below the costa; outer area black, the veins
streaked with white. Hind wing white; the outer half bluish
black ; cilia of both wings greyish. Underside of fore wing black,
with medial maculate white band ; the veins towards apex streaked
with grey ; legs banded black and white.

Hob. Sikhim ; Assam ; hills of S. India ; Ceylon ; Burma ;
Mergui ; Andamans ; Borneo. Exp., <3 46, $ 52 millim.

4514. Vitessa nicobarica, n. sp.

<5 . Differs from suradeva in the abdomen being wholly yellow
and orange. Eore wing with the basal orange patch reduced;
the antemedial band reduced and interrupted in cell ; the streaks
on veins of outer area almost obsolete. Hind wing pale yellow,
slightly irrorated with black, especially at apex. Underside pale
yellow, the outer area of fore wing black narrowing to outer angle ;
hind wing with an apical black patch.

$ with the streaks on outer area of fore wing well developed ;
hind wing whitish ; the costal area black, the outer area suffused
with black narrowing to anal angle. Underside as in suradeva, but
with the marginal band of hind wing narrowing to anal angle.

Hob. Nancowry, Nicobars. Exp. 44 millim. Type in B. M.



CBOC ALIA . AGLOSS A.



147



Genus CROCALIA.
Crocalia, Rag, Ann. Soc. Ent. France, 1891, p. 634.

Type, O. aglossalis, Rag.

Range. Sind.

Differs from Aglossa in the 2nd joint of palpi being less broadly
fringed with hair ; the maxillary palpi minute. Fore wing with
veins 4, 5 stalked ; 7, 8 on a long stalk ; 9 from cell. Hind wing
with veins 3 and 5 from angle of cell, 4 absent.

4515. Crocalia aglossalis, Eag. Ann. Soc. Ent. France, 1891, p. 635.

c? . Ochreous irrorated with
dark red and fuscous scales.
Pore wing with very obscure
diffused subbasal darker band
a highly waved oblique ante-
medial line ; a discocellular
black spot ; a highly waved
submarginal line. Hind wing
ochreous white.




Pig. 84. Crocalia aglossalis,



Hob. Karachi. Exp. 16 millim.

Genus AGLOSSA.
Aglossa, Latr. Precis Caract. Gen. Ins. p. 145 (1796).

Type, A. pinguinalis, Linn.

Range. Universally distributed.

Proboscis absent ; palpi upturned well in front of frons, the 2nd
joint fringed with hair in front and reaching vertex of head, the
3rd long ; maxillary palpi dilated with scales at extremity ; antennae
of male ciliated and with long setiferous spines ; hind tibias fringed
with hair on outer side towards base. Pore wing long and narrow ;
vein 3 from near angle of cell; 4, 5 closely approximated or
stalked ; 6 from upper angle. Hind wing with vein 3 from angle
of cell ; 4, 5 closely approximated or stalked ; 6, 7 from upper
.angle.

SECT. I. Veins 4, 5 of each wing stalked.

4516. Aglossa dimidiata, Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 372 ; C. $ S. no. 4501.

Aglossa micalialis, Wlk. Cat. xvii, p. 277.
Pyralis circularis, Motsch. Et. Ent. 1860, p. 37.
Aglossa achatina, Butl. Ill Het. iii, p. 72, pi. 58, fig. 6.

Pale pinkish ; abdomen of
male with the anal tuft orange.
Fore wing with diffused
irregular pinkish rufous den-
tate lines, the subbasal obso-
lescent except at costa, the
antemedial, medial, and post-
Fig. 85. Aglossa dimidiata, $ . |. medial angled inwards on

median nervure and vein 1,
.and the last greatly excurved between veins 4 and 1 ; the sub-

L2




148

marginal regularly curved. Hind wing fuscous ; cilia of both
wings pale rufous.

Hob. Japan; China; Nilgiris ; Bernardmyo, Burma. Exp. 24
millim.

SECT. II. Veins 4, 5 of each wing closely approximated for
about one-third length.

4517. Aglossa pinguinalis, Linn. Faun. Suec. p. 351 ; id. Syst. Nat. L

p. 882; C. # S. no. 4503.
Aglossa pinguinalis, var. asiatica, Ersch. Hor. Soc. Ent. Ross. viii,

p. 317.
Aglossa pinguinalis, Tar. aldidalis, Christ. Hor. Soc. Ent. Ross. x r

p. 41.

Differs from dimidiata in being pale fuscous marked with dark
brown ; head tinged with fulvous. Hind wing pale, with more or
loss distinct dentate medial line ; the outer area fuscous, narrowing
to anal angle.

The form asiatica, ranging from Syria to the N.W. Himalayas,
is considerably paler than the European form.

Hob. Europe ; Syria ; Afghanistan ; N.W. Himalayas. Exn. r
6 22-24, 34-44 millim.

Genus HYPSOPYGIA.
Hypsopygia, Hubn. Verz. p. 348 (P1818).

Type, H. costalis, Fabr., from Europe.

Range. Palaearctic and Nearctic regions ; Japan ; China ; India y
Ceylon, and Burma ; Australia.

Differs from Pyralis in the fore wing having vein 9 given off from
8 before 7.

4518. Hypsopygia mauritialis, Boisd. Faun. Ent. Madag.,Ltp. p. 119,

pi. 16, fig. 8.

Pyralis lucillalis, Wlk. Cat. xvii, p. 268 ; C. $ S. no. 4454.
Pyralis ducalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1242.
Pyralis regalis, Wlk. Cat. xxxiv, p. 1241.
Hypsopygia laticilialis, Rag. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1891, p. 28.

Bright pink or purplish pink ;
vertex of head orange. Fore
wing with ante- and postmedial
sinuous pale lines arising from
small orange spots on the costa
and with orange specks on the
costa between them ; an obscure

^ ig Qk dark discocellular lunule. Hind

mauriiialis, $ . f wing with pale sinuous ante-

and postmeddal lines ; the cilia
and margin of both wings bright orange.

Halt. Madagascar ; China ; N.W. Himalayas : Manipur ;
Poona; Burma; Sumatra; Java; Celebes. Eccp., <$ 20, $ 24
millim.




HYPSOPYGIA. PYEALIS. 149

4519. Hypsopygia postflava, Hmpsn. III. Het. ix, p. 159, pi. 171,

fig. 22.

Differs from mauritialis in being very dark purple ; the vertex
of head concolorous ; the terminal four segments of abdomen
bright yellow.

Hab. Bhutan; Margharita, Assam; Ceylon. Exp. 18 millim.

4520. Hypsopygia regina, Butl A. M. N. H. (5) iv, p. 452.

2 Dark purplish fuscous. Fore wing with traces of curved dark
antemedial line and of postmedial line arising from an orange costal
spot ; some yellow specks on medial part of costa. Hind wing
bright pink irrorated with fuscous ; the marginal area suffused
with fuscous ; sinuous antemedial and medial orange lines slightly
outlined with black ; cilia of both wings bright golden yellow.

The Ganjam specimen is dark with no red on hind wing and the
cilia dusky.

Hab. Japan ; Aska, Ganjam ; Rangoon. Exp. 16 millim.

4521. Hypsopygia olivalis, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) xvi, p. 301.

$ . Head and thorax olive-green irrorated with black ; abdomen
fuscous irrorated with black, the anal tuft ochreous. Fore wing
olive-green irrorated with black; a pale sinuous antemedial line
with black outer edge ; a similar postmedial line incurved below
vein 5 ; a black discocellular spot ; some pale specks on medial
part of costa; a marginal series of black specks. Hind wing
fuscous, with curved dark postmedial line.

Hah. Mahableshwar. Exp. 20 millim.

Genus PYRALIS.

Pyralis, Linn. Syst. Nat. xii, p. 881 (1767).
Asopia, Treitschke, Schmett. Eur. vi, 2, p. 316 (1828).
Sacatia, Wlk. Cat. xxvii, p. 123 (1863).
Eutrichodes, Warr. A. M. N. H. (6) vii, p. 498.

Type, P. farinalis. Linn., from Europe.

Range. Universally distributed.

Palpi upturned, the 2nd joint fringed with hair in front and
reaching vertex of head, the 3rd of moderate length ; maxillary
palpi filiform ; antennae of male ciliated ; tibiae moderately hairy.
Fore wing with the apex rounded ; vein 3 from before angle of
cell ; 4, 5 usually stalked ; 7 given off from 8 before 9 ; 10, 11
free. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 4, 5 and
6, 7 stalked.

SECT. I. Veins 4, 5 of fore wing approximated for a short
distance.

4522. Pyralis recisalis, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 866 ; C. $ S. no. 4463.
Pale reddish brown slightly suffused with fuscous. Fore wing



150

with waved black ante- and postmedial lines arising from spots
on the costa, the former excurved at median nervure, the latter
beyond lower angle of cell ; a series of dark marginal specks.

Dharmsala specimens are greyer and without the reddish tinge ;
the lines of fore wing fuscous, and a spot on discocellulars is
present.

Hob. Dharmsala ; Bombay. Exp. 22 millim.

SECT. II. Fore wing with veins 4, 5 stalked.

4523. Pyralis pictalis, Curt. Br. Ent. vi, pi. 503 ; C. $ S. no. 4458.
Pyralis pronoealis, Wlk. Cat. xix, p. 906.

Pyralis proximalis, Wlk. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1862-64, p. 120 ; C. $ S.

no. 4460.
Myelois bractiatella, Wlk. Cat. xxvii, p. 36 ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii r

pi. 178, fig. 5 ; C.Sf S. no. 4443.
Pyralis elachia, Butl III Net. iii, p. 70, pi. 58, fig. 3 ; C. $ S.

no. 4444.

Head and collar pale brown ; thorax and abdomen suffused with
fuscous. Fore wing with the base black, bounded by a sinuous
white line ; the medial area pale brown irrorated with a few black
scales ; a black cell-spot and some pale specks on costa ; a post-
medial sinuous white line with the area beyond it red. Hind wing
with the base black, bounded by a sinuous white line ; the medial
area pale brown suffused with fuscous ; an irregularly waved white
postmedial line with fuscous on its outer edge ; the outer area
whitish with fuscous on the margin.

Hob. Europe; W. Africa; Japan; N.W. Himalayas; Nagas ;
Ceylon ; Burma ; Sumatra ; Gilbert Islands. Exp. 18-22 millim.

4524. Pyralis ravolalis, Wlk. Cat. xix, p. 898 ; Hmpsn. III. Het. ix,

pi. 172, fig. 15 ; C. 8f S. no. 4462.

$ . Differs from pictalis in the head, thorax, and abdomen being
paler. Fore whig with the basal area grey, some rufous at base
and on inner edge of the antemedial line, which is more oblique ;
the postmedial line incurved at middle instead of excurved, oblique
and terminating at outer angle. Hind wing with the postmedial
line running out to near the margin from veins 4 to 2, then bent
in to near the antemedial line ; a series of prominent black specks-
on apical part of margin.

Hab. Ceylon ; Borneo. Exp. 20 millim.

4525. Pyralis funebralis, Warr. A. M.N. H. (6) xvi, p. 464.

$ . Fuscous brown with a grey tinge. Fore wing with the
basal area rather darker and bounded by a sinuous white line ; a
dark discocellular spot ; some white specks on medial part of costa
and a white patch at the origin of the obsolescent postmedial line r
which is excurved between veins 6 and 2. Hind wing with the



PYRALIS. 151

basal area darker ; sinuous ante- and postmedial white lines ; the
outer area greyer.

ffab. Khasis. Exp. 30 millim.

4526. Pyralis elongalis, Kott. HugeVs Kaschmir, iv, p. 493 ; C. # 8.

no. 4445.

Pyralis mensalis, Guen. Delt. fy Pyr. p. 120.
Pyralis marniorea, ButL 111. Het. vii, p. 91, pi. 134, fig. 10.



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