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tra, two 'Sketches' for orchestra, op. 37a, a
string-suite, op. 12, a string-quartet, op. 23,
and the choral scene ' The Hour of Prayer,'
op. 36, no. 4, for baritone, chorus and orchestra.
His published works include the following :

Songs 'Allah,' 'I dreamed and wept a-dr earn-
ing,' 'A Sigh,' 'Come to Me,' 'Two Sappho

Fragments,' 'Dark and Wondrous Night,'

'Tears,' 'O Perfect Love' (Ditson).

'For a Dream's Sake,' 'There is a garden in her
face,' 'A Christmas-Carol,' 'Of the Robin and
the Master,' 'Joy,' 'Eternal May ' (J. Fischer).

'That Perfect Hour,' 'The Indian Serenade,'
'The Stirrup-Cup' (Huntzinger).

'A Nocturne,' 'The Return of Spring,' 'The Last
Hour' (Church).

'The Relief,' 'Bes' ob All' (Schirmer).

'Swans' (Ricordi).

'Mother o' Mine,' 'We Two,' 'I shall Awake'
(Carl Fischer).

'Green' (Boston Music Co.).

'A Lover's Litany' (White-Smith).

'At Sunset,' 'A Death-Song' (Thompson).

'The shadows gain upon the light' (Presser).

'A Phantasy,' 'In Explanation' (Bryant).
* A Christmas-Carol,' for chorus (J. Fischer).
'The Holy City of my Saviour's Grace,' for chorus

(Church).

'The Passing Hours,' for chorus a cappella (Ditson).
'Mirage' (Ditson), 'When I Dwelt in Arcady' and

'At Morning* (Church), 'There is a garden in

her face' (J. Fischer), all for women's chorus.
'Old English Song' (White-Smith), 'Of all the

dreams men dream* (Boston Music Co.), for

men's chorus.
'Pastorale Religieuse* in D-flat, for organ (White-*

Smith).
'Night-Song '(Gray) and 'Morning-Song* (Ditson),

for organ.

Concert-Prelude in D minor, for organ (Church).
'In Elizabethan Days,' for violin (Carl Fischer).
'Chant Ngre,' for violin (Schirmer).
'IntermSde Arabe,' for violin (Ditson).
Elegy in G minor, for violin (Boston Music Co.).
'Danse Espagnole,' for violin (Hauser).
'Eklog,' for violin (Schmidt).

Two Gavottes for violin (Carl Fischer, Witmark).
Elegy for string-quartet (Boston Music Co.).
Intermezzo for piano (J. Fischer).
Three Preludes for piano (Ditson).
'Rhapsody* and ' Valse Triste,' for piano (Church).
Romance in A-flat for piano (Carl Fischer).
(Several of the above are also adapted to other

instruments.) [ R.10 ]

KRAUS, ADRIENNE, nee Osborne [Eis-
bein] (b. 1873). See Register, 9.

KRAUSS, ARNOLD (b. 1866). See Regis-
ter, 8.

KREHBIEL, HENRY EDWARD (Mar.
10, 1854, Ann Arbor, Mich.). See article in
Vol. ii. 599. He was associate-editor, for
American topics, of the second edition of this
Dictionary. He is still musical editor of the
New York 'Tribune,' and has added the fol-
lowing books to his list: Chapters of Opera,
1908 (2nd ed., 1911), A Book of Operas, 1911,
The Pianoforte and its Music, 1911, A Second
Book of Operas, 1917, Afro-American Folk-
Songs, 1914, More Chapters of Opera, 1919,



and an English version of 'Parsifal,' 1920.
His position as Nestor among music-critics, his
wide culture and experience, and his geniality
of spirit and literary style, have given him more
or less unique authority and influence. His
long-awaited edition of Thayer's Life of Bee-
thoven was finished in 1914, but publication has
been delayed by war-conditions. This is based
on the German editions and Thayer's original
text, revised, annotated and with added con-
cluding chapters. See his article on Thayer
and his work in 'The Musical Quarterly,'
October, 1917. [ R.6 ]

KREINER, EDWARD (b. 1890) . See Reg-
ister, 10.

KREISLER, FRITZ (Feb. 2, 1875, Vienna,
Austria). See article in Vol. ii. 599-600. At
the outbreak of the war he reentered the
Austrian army and was wounded in the
Galician campaign of 1914. In 1915 he came
again to America and has since been active in
concert. His compositions for violin and piano
are 'Romance,' 'Caprice Viennois,' 'Tam-
bourin Chinois,' 'Recitativo and Scherzo
Caprice' (violin alone), 'Berceuse Roman-
tique,' 'Rondino' (on a theme by Beethoven),
'Polichinelle,' 'La Gitana' (18th-century
Arab-Spanish Gipsy-Song) , 'Aucassin and
Nicolette,' and 'Toy Soldier's March' (all
Carl Fischer). A string-quartet (1919, Letz
Quartet, in New York) is announced for
publication, and a comic opera ' The Marriage-
Knot' was brought out in 1919. Many of his
transcriptions of classic and modern works are
published by Carl Fischer. [ R.7 ]

KREISSMANN, AUGUST (1823-1879).
See Register, 4.

KRELL, ALBERT (1833-1900). See Reg-
ister, 4.

KRIENS, CHRISTIAAN PIETER WIL-
LEM (Apr. 29, 1881, Amsterdam, Holland),
was the son of an orchestral conductor and
early took up violin, piano and theory. He
studied at the Hague Conservatory and won
a gold medal there in 1895. The same year
he made his debut with his father's orchestra
in Amsterdam, conducting his own 2nd
symphony and playing the Beethoven violin-
concerto and piano-concerto in E-flat. He
then toured France, Holland and Belgium as
violinist, and came to America in 1906 as
conductor of the French Opera Company in
New Orleans. Since 1907 he has been teacher
and conductor in New York. In 1911 he started
a Quartet and in 1912 a Symphony Club, mainly
to afford training for young players, which has
become large and effective. About eighty of
his works are published here (Schirmer, Carl
Fischer, Presser) and abroad. The list includes
two symphonies, in C and F; the orchestral
suite ' In Holland ' (Concertgebouw, Lamoureux
and Metropolitan Opera House Orchestras) ; a



266



KRITCH



KUZDO



string-quartet in B-flat minor ; two sonatas for
violin and piano ; the symphonic poem ' Les
Rois en Exile ' ; many pieces for piano and
violin and piano ; and songs. [ R.9 ]

KRITCH, WILLIAM E. See COLLEGES,
3 (Illinois C.).

KROEGER, ERNEST RICHARD (Aug.
10, 1862, St. Louis), began music with his
father, Adolpli E. Kroeger, and later studied
piano with Egmont Froelich, Waldemar
Malmene and Charles Kunkel, theory with
W. Golder and P. G. Anton, violin with
Spiering and instrumentation with L. Mayer
all of St. Louis. He has been organist at
various churches, at present at the Church of
the Messiah (Unitarian), and was a founder
of the A. G. O. Since 1887 he has been music-
director at Forest Park University, and since
1904 also head of the Kroeger School of Music.
In 1893-1903 he conducted the Morning
Choral Club and in 1910-12 the Amphion
Club. In 1904 he had charge of the music-
programs at the Louisiana Purchase Ex-
position. In 1896 he was president of the
M. T. N. A. and in 1897-99 of the Missouri
Association. In 1915 he played organ-recitals
at the Panama-Pacific Exposition and gave
instrumental courses at the University of
California. He has also had similar courses
at Cornell University. Since 1904 he has
been a member of the French Academy and
since 1915 of the National Institute of Arts
and Letters. For many years he has given
series of piano-recitals in St. Louis, as well as
many in all parts of the United States. He has
been peculiarly successful with lecture-recitals.
His repertoire includes over 700 works. Among
his compositions are the following :

Overtures ' Endymion ' (Ithaca) , ' Thanatopsis '
(St. Louis) , ' Hiawatha ' (Omaha) , ' Sardanapalus '
(New York), 'Atala' and 'Pittoreaque.'

Scherzo in D minor and 'March of the Pioneers'
(both St. Louis Symphony Orchestra).

'March of the Indian Phantoms' and the Suite
'Lalla Rookh' (both Louisiana Exposition).

Quartet in D minor, for piano and strings (1889,
Philadelphia).

Quintet in F minor, for piano and strings (1890,
Detroit).

Trio in E minor, for piano, violin and 'cello (1891,
Cleveland).

Quartet in D minor, for strings (1914, St. Louis).

Sonata in F-sharp minor, for violin and piano
(1908, St. Louis).

Romanza in B-flat, for 'cello and piano.

Reverie in D minor, for violin and piano.

'A Masque of Dead Florentines,' for recitation
or action (1911, St. Louis).

About 175 works for piano, including 'Fantasie-
Polonaise' in E-flat, op. 26, 12 Concert-Etudes,
op. 30, Suite, op. 33, Sonata in D-flat, op. 40,
Scherzo in E-flat minor, op. 45, '16 Variations
on an Elegiac Theme' in B minor, op. 54, etc.

For the organ *3 Introduction and Fugues, opp.
27, 56, 77, 'Oriental Scenes,' op. 37, 'Marche
Pittoresque' in D-flat, and 'Scene Persane'
(with piano).



Over 80 separate songs and the cycle ' Memory,'
op. 66, besides many other vocal works, secular
and sacred.

KRONOLD, HANS (July 3, 1872, Cracow,
Poland), had his general education in Leipzig,
where he took up 'cello with Kiesling. During
three years in Berlin he studied 'cello with
Vollrath, piano and harmony with Hans
Rasch. In 1886 he came to New York and
continued 'cello-study with Hekking. For
five seasons he played in the New York
Symphony Society, but since 1900 has devoted
himself to solo-playing and teaching. He
has toured with leading singers, and with
Maud Powell and other instrumentalists.
For many years he has played at Sunday
evening services at All Angels' Church. He
has published pieces for 'cello and piano and
for violin and piano, and songs (Ditson, Carl
Fischer, Witmark). [ R.7 ]

KUNITS, LUIGI VON (July 30, 1870,
Vienna, Austria), graduated from the Uni-
versity of Vienna in law and classical philology.
He studied violin with Krai, Gruen and
Sevcik, music-history with Hanslick and
composition with Jacksch and Bruckner.
For a time he led the string-quartet of the
Tonkunstlerverein. In 1893 he came to
America as assistant-conductor and concert-
master of the Austrian Orchestra at the
Columbian Exposition in Chicago, where later
he taught violin and composition and organized
a string-quartet. In 1896-1910 he was
concertmaster of the Pittsburgh Orchestra.
Many solo appearances added to his reputation
as a player, and he also conducted series of
string-quartet concerts and taught at the
Pittsburgh Conservatory and later in his own
school. In 1910-12 he was again in Vienna
as professor in the Patonay Conservatory and
as soloist and conductor. Since 1912 he has
been professor in the Canadian Academy of
Music at Toronto and leader of the Academy
String-Quartet. In 1915 he founded 'The
Canadian Journal of Music ' and became
conductor of the Toronto Symphony Band.
His compositions include two violin-concertos,
a string-quartet in D minor, violin-pieces and
6tudes (Schirmer, Carl Fischer), songs and
choruses. He has written The Hero as Mu-
sician Beethoven, 1913, and many articles
in musical journals. [ R.8 ]

KUNKEL, CHARLES (b. 1840) and
JACOB (1846-1882). See Register, 5.

KUNWALD, ERNST (b. 1868). See Reg-
ister, 10.

KURSTEINER, JEAN PAUL (b. 1864).
See Register, 8.

KURT, MELANIE (b. 1880). See Regis-
ter, 10.

KUZDO, VICTOR (b. 1869). See Regis-
ter, 7.



LACHMUND, CARL VALENTINE (Mar.
27, 1857, Booneville, Mo.), studied with Hiller,
Jensen, Seiss and Gernsheim at the Cologne
Conservatory, then with Moszkowski, Kiel
and the brothers Scharwenka at Berlin, and
in 1881-84 with Liszt at Weimar. He taught
for a time in the Scharwenka Conservatory,
Berlin, in Minneapolis, and since 1891 in New
York. He made tours in 1880 with Wilhelmj
and in 1887 with Marianne Brandt. In 1896
he founded the Women's String Orchestra
Society of New York and conducted it for
twelve consecutive seasons. He has composed
two overtures for orchestra (the 'Japanese'
played by Thomas, Seidl and Neuendorff),
an 'Italian Suite' for orchestra, a trio for
harp, violin and 'cello, and other instrumental
works. Recent pieces for piano are a 'Valse-
Impromptu' (Schuberth) and a 'Woodland
Lullaby' (Church), and two airs de ballet
for orchestra, 'La Capricieuse' and 'Coquet-
terie.' A comic operetta, 'Narrowly Averted,'
is nearing completion. [ R.7 ]

LA FLESCHE, FRANCIS (b. I860?).
See Register, 8.

LA FORGE, FRANK (Oct. 22, 1879,
Rockford, 111.), early evinced talent for
composition. His first studies were with
his sister Ruth LaForge Hall, a gifted pianist,
who guided him until he was seventeen.
Following this came four years of study with
Wild in Chicago and four with Leschetizky
in Vienna and with Labor and Navratil (com-
position). He gained prominence at first by
accompanying singers without notes, which
has been his constant practice. After several
seasons with Mme. Gadski he became pianist
for Mme. Sembrich, and for six years they
toured the musical world, giving concerts in
all the great cities. Further tours were made
with Mmes. Alda, Matzenauer and Schumann-
Heink. His principal songs are 'Retreat,'
'To a Messenger,' 'I came with a Song,'
'When your dear hands,' 'Before the Crucifix,'
'Expectancy,' 'By the Lake,' 'Supplication,'
'A Song of the Open' and 'Longing.' His
piano-compositions include a Valse de Concert,
Gavotte, Gavotte and Musette, and Im-
provisation. He lives in New York, devoting
himself to teaching when not on tour. [ R.9 ]

LAHEE, HENRY CHARLES (b. 1856).
See Register, 7.

LAHSER, CONRAD (b. 1872). See COD-
LEGES, 2 (Greensboro C., N. C.).

L'ALLEMAND, PAULINE (1862?- ? ).
See Register, 7.

LAMBERT, ALEXANDER (Nov. 1, 1862,
Warsaw, Poland), having begun piano-study
with his father at nine, was sent at twelve to



the Vienna Conservatory, with letters from
Rubinstein and Leschetizky. He graduated
there in 1879 with high honors, having pur-
sued piano with Epstein and composition
with Bruckner. He continued alone for three
years and then went to Liszt at Weimar.
From 1883, besides teaching at the Berlin
Neue Akademie, he concertized in Germany
with Joachim, appeared in Berlin with the
Philharmonic and Symphony Orchestras,
gave many recitals and made a tour of Russia
with Sarasate. He had visited America in
1880 ; in 1884 he returned, and appeared with
much success with orchestras in Boston,
New York and other cities, and gave recitals
extensively. In 1887 he became director of
the New York College of Music, which position
he held till 1905, resigning to teach privately.
Among his published compositions for piano
are an Etude-Bourree, Tarantelle, Valse
Impromptu and Mazurka. His educational
works, which are much used, are a Piano-
Method for Beginners (Schirmer) and A
Systematic Course of Studies, 3 vols., 1907.
[R.7]

LAMBORD, BENJAMIN (June 10, 1879,
Portland, Me. : June 6, 1915, Lake Hopat-
cong, N. J.) , studied first with Arthur Whiting
in Boston, from 1897 with MacDowell at
Columbia University and from 1902 took up
composition and orchestration with Rybner.
In 1904-14 he was organist at Kingsbridge,
but in .1905-06 went abroad on a Mosenthal
scholarship and in 1910 had work in or-
chestration under Vidal at Paris. At his
death he was just entering upon work at the
West End Presbyterian Church. In 1912 he
founded the Lambord Choral Society, to give
new works, especially by Americans, which
in 1914 became the Modern Music Society and
undertook orchestral works as well. His
works include 15 songs, opp. 1, 3, 4, 7, 10 (the
last with orchestra) ; part-songs, op. 2 ; a
piano-trio, op. 5; 'Valse Fantastique,' op. 6,
for piano ; Introduction and Variations on-
an English dance-theme, op. 8, for orchestra ;
and 'Verses from Omar,' op. 11, for chorus
and orchestra. The song 'Clytie,' op. 10, no.
2, is an example of his best work. He had
completed two acts of the opera 'Woodstock,'
published 'Ten Lyric Studies' for piano, and
edited 'The Orchestra and Orchestral Music'
in The Art of Music, Vol. viii. [ R.9 ]

LAMONT, FORREST (b. 1889). See Reg-
ister, 10.

LAMPERT, CARL ALBERT. See STATE
UNIVERSITIES (Ky.).

' LAND OF HAPPINESS, THE.' A music-
drama, No. 15 of the 'Grove-Plays' of the San



267



268



LANDSBURY



LAVALLfiE



Francisco Bohemian Club, produced in 1917.
The text is by Charles Templeton Crocker and
the music by Joseph D. Redding. The action
is laid in China in legendary times.

LANDSBURY, JOHN J. See STATE UNI-
VERSITIES (Ore.).

LANG, BENJAMIN JOHNSON (Dec. 28,
1837, Salem, Mass. : Apr. 3, 1909, Boston).
See article in Vol. ii. 631-2. The last concert
of the Cecilia Society which he conducted
was on Apr. 16, 1907, when Piern6's 'The
Children's Crusade' was given. He was
organist of King's Chapel from 1885 until
his death. His last appearance as conductor
was on Feb. 12, 1909, when he led the Boston
Symphony Orchestra and a chorus at a Lincoln
Memorial service in Symphony Hall. At
the Boston Symphony Orchestra concerts
of Apr. 8 and 10, 1909, Mozart's Masonic
funeral-music was played in his memory.
Among his pupils were his daughter (see
below), Arthur Foote, W. F. Apthorp and
Ethelbert Nevin. [ R.4 ]

LANG, HENRY ALBERT (Oct. 9, 1854,
New Orleans), graduated from the Stuttgart
Conservatory in 1875, having studied piano
with Lebert and Pruckner and composition
with Faiszt. He then continued composition
with Lachner in Karlsruhe, taught there and
at Riga and Konigsberg, and till 1890 gave
some concerts. For a year he lived in Gal-
veston, Tex., but since 1891 has made his
home in Philadelphia. Since 1913 he has been
head of the theory-department of the Phila-
delphia Conservatory, which gave him the
degree of Mus.D. in 1911. His compositions
include Symphony No. 1, 'Fantasies of a
Poet' (1914, Philadelphia Orchestra), Sym-
phony No. 2, in C minor (1915 first prize,
Illinois Music Teachers' Association), the
orchestral suite 'Fantastic Dances,' a piano-
trio in E major (1911, first prize for chamber-
music, National Federation of Music Clubs),
a piano-trio in C minor, a concerto for violin
and orchestra, a sonata for 'cello, a piano-
quintet in B'-flat (1894, first prize, Utopian
Club, Philadelphia), two string-quartets (1898,
prizes, New York Music Teachers' Associa-
tion, and 1913, Sinfonia), songs and piano-
pieces. [ R.8 ]

LANG, MARGARET RUTHVEN (Nov.
27, 1867, Boston). See article in Vol. ii. 632.
Among recent compositions are a Te Deum
in E-flat, a 'Christmas Cycle' for quartet,
and the" double a'cappella chorus 'Wind.' The
carol 'In Prsesepio,' for mixed chorus, has been
much sung, and 'The Heavenly Noel,' op.
57 (Schmidt), for mezzo-soprano, women's
chorus, strings, harp, piano and organ, is one
of the most valuable recent works for women's
voices. She has been fortunate in her choice
cf texts for songs and choral works, and her



settings show strong individuality, with a wel-
come absence of haste. [ R.8 ]

LANGDON, CHAUNCEY (1764-1830).
See TUNE-BOOKS, 1786.

LANGDON, WILLIAM CHAUNCY (b.
1871). See Register, 10.

LANGE, DANIEL DE (1841-1918). See
Vol. ii. 633, and Register, 10.

LANGENUS, GUSTAVE (b. 1883). See
Register, 9.

LANHAM, McCALL (b. 1877). See Regis-
ter, 9.

LANIER, SIDNEY (Feb. 3, 1842, Macon,
Ga. : Sept. 7, 1881, Lynn, N. C.), famous
as one of the most spontaneous and mystically
gifted of American poets, touched music in
three ways. From childhood he showed a
phenomenal instinct in appreciation and
expression, developing such technical skill
as to serve with distinction as first flutist
(from 1873) in the Peabody Symphony Or-
chestra of Baltimore, and becoming recognized
there for his sympathetic critical acumen.
For years, also, at length as lecturer at Johns
Hopkins University, he made careful studies
in the musical aspects of poetic technique,
publishing a lucid and able Science of Eng-
lish Verse, 1881, which remains a stimulating
contribution to a neglected subject. And,
finally, his poems contain numerous passages
about music or couched in musical imagery
among whole poems being 'To Wagner',
(1877) and]' To Beethoven' (1876-77), and the
most sustained and characteristic use of
musical analogies occurring in 'Life and Song'
(1868) and especially 'The Symphony' (1875).
He was invited to write the text for the opening
cantata at the Centennial Exposition (Phila-
delphia, 1876), the music being composed by
Dudley Buck. All his permanent work was
done while in a losing fight with consumption.
See his Letters, 1881, the Memorial prefixed
to his Poems, 1884, and the biography by
Mims, 1905, especially the remarkable chapter
'A Musician in Baltimore.' [ R.6 ]

LANKOW, ANNA (1850-1908). See Reg-
ister, 7.

LA ROSS, EARLE DOUGLASS (b. 1887).
See Register, 9.

LAUCELLA, NICOLA (b.\1882) . See Reg-
ister, 9.

LAVALLEE, CALIXA (Dec. 28, 1842,
Vercheres, Que. : Jan. 21, 1891, Boston),
had piano-lessons from his father and appeared
in public at ten. At fifteen he entered the
Paris Conservatory, studying piano with
Marmontel and instrumentation with Bazin
and Boieldieu. In 1881 he made a concert-
tour of the United States with Mme. Gerster.
He attempted to start a conservatory in
Quebec, and then located in Boston, where
at the time of his death he was teaching in



LAVIGNAC



LEONORA'



269



the Petersilea Academy. He was active in
the promotion of music by Americans and
was president of the M.T.N.A. in 1887.
Of his compositions two are still popular,
the piano-etude 'The Butterfly,' op. 10, and
the Canadian national song 'O Canada.'
He also composed two operas, an oratorio,
a cantata, a symphony, two suites for or-
chestra, two string-quartets, a piano-trio,
a suite for 'cello and piano, a sonata for violin
and piano, many piano-pieces and some church-
music. [ R.5 ]

% LAVIGNAC, ALEXANDRE JEAN AL-
BERT (Jan. 22, 1846, Paris : April, 1916,
Paris). See article in Vol. ii. 654. To the list
of works add Les Gattes du Conservatoire, 1900,
L' Education Musicale, 1902 (English trans, by
Esther Singleton, 1903) and Notions Scolaires
de Musique, 1905. He was editor-in-chief of
the great Encyclopedic de la Musique et Die-
tionnaire du Conservatoire.

LAW, ANDREW (1748-1821). See Regis-
ter, 2, and TUNE-BOOKS, 1778.

LAWRENCE, FREDERICK. See STATE
UNIVERSITIES (111.)

LAWRENCE, ROBERT. See STATE UNI-
VERSITIES (Ala.).

LAYTON, JOSEPH E. See COLLEGES, 3
(Missouri Wesley an C.).

LEAVITT, JOSHUA (1794-1873). See
TUNE-BOOKS, 1831.

LEAVITT, W. J. D. (1841- ? ). See Reg-
ister, 5.

LE BARON, HARRISON D. See COL-
LEGES, 3 (Adrian C., Mich.).

LECKNER, MAX (b. 1842). See Regis-
ter, 5.

LEE, THOMAS, JR. See TUNE-BOOKS,
1790.

LEE & WALKER, Philadelphia, was a
publishing-firm established in 1848 by Julius
Lee (d. 1875) and William Walker (d. 1857),
both of whom had been in the employ of George
Willig, whose business began as far back as
1794. For many years they issued much pop-
ular music and some books of importance. In
1876 the stock and good-will were purchased
by Oliver Ditson and became the nucleus for
J. E. Ditson & Co. Meanwhile the firm-name
was continued by Julius Lee, Jr., and J. F.
Morrison.

LEEFSON, MAURITZ;(b. 1861). See Reg-
ister, 7.

LEHMANN, FRIEDRICH J. (b. 1866).
See Register, 8.

LEHMANN, GEORGE (July 31, 1865,
New York), in 1880-83 was at the Leipzig
Conservatory, taking violin with Schradieck
and Hermann, harmony with Lammers and
counterpoint and fugue with Jadassohn. He
also studied one season with Joachim in
Berlin. In 1883 at Leipzig he won the Helbig



prize for violin-playing by a performance of
Joachim's Hungarian concerto at the Gewand-
haus. He toured as soloist and leader of the
Lehmann Quartet, in 1886-89 conducted the
Cleveland Symphony Orchestra and in 1889-
92 lived in Europe. In 1893 he settled in
New York as teacher and writer, but removed
to Berlin in 1907. Since 1916 he has been
director of the Lehmann Violin-School in
New York. He has written True Principles
of the Art of Violin-Playing, 1899, translated
De B6riot's Violin-Method (Schirmer) and
edited The Violinist's Lexicon, 1917, and 25
Pieces in the First Position. [ R.7 ]

LEHMANN, GUSTAV ADOLF. See
COLLEGES, 3 (Bluffton C., Ohio).

LEHMANN, LILLI (Nov. 24, 1848, Wiirz-
burg, Germany). See article in Vol. ii. 667.
[ R-7 ]

'LEIF ERIKSON.' A three-act opera by
Gerard Tonning, produced in 1910 at Seattle.

LEMARE, EDWIN HENRY (Sept. 9, 1865,
Ventnor, Isle of Wight). See article in Vol.
ii. 673. He was organist at the Carnegie
Institute in Pittsburgh in 1902-05, during
which time he gave 170 recitals. For some
years he held no official position, but toured
the world as concert-organist, making two
trips to Australia and New Zealand, besides
many in Europe and America. In 1915 he
gave over 100 recitals at the Panama Ex-
position. In 1917 he became city-organist at
San Francisco. His works (largely Novello)
include a long list of organ-pieces (two sym-
phonies, overtures and smaller works), an
Easter cantata, church-music and many fine
organ- transcriptions. [ R.9 ]

LEMONT, CEDRIC WILMOT (b. 1879).
See Register, 9.

t LENEPVEU, CHARLES FERDINAND
(Oct. 4, 1840, Rouen, France : Aug. 16,
1910, Paris). See article in Vol. ii. 674-5.
To list of works add 'Iphigenie,' scene for soli,
chorus and orchestra, a 'Messe de Mariage,'
a string-quartet, motets and piano-pieces.



Online LibraryGeorge GroveGrove's Dictionary of music and musicians : American supplement : being the sixth volume of the complete work → online text (page 55 of 85)