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District of Columbia

Florida

Georgia

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

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Massachusetts .

Michigan

Minnesota

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States and Terri-
tories.



Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire.

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina .

Ohio

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina ..

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington Ter .

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming



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• Any rate. t No usury, but over six per cent cannot be collected by law.

tNew Yor^ has legalized any rate of Interest on call loans of |5,000 or upward, on collateral security.



ENGLISH SPEAKING RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES OF THE WORLD.

(From Whittaker'a London Almanack, 1888.)



Episcopalians 22,500,000

Methodists of all descriptions 16, .050, 000

Roman Catholics 15,000,000

Presbvteriansof all descriptions ^.. 11,000,000

Bapti.sta of all descriptions 8,450,000

Congregationalists 5,.5.50,0>X)

Free Thinkers 2,000,000



Lutherans, etc 1,. 500,000

Unitarians 1. 250, 000

Minor religious sects 3,250,000

Of no particular religion , 11,500,000



English speaking population 98, 550, 000



More than ten millions Hindoos and others In the East also speak and read English.



Eve?ii7ig Journal Almanac, ISOO.



153



NEW YORK LEGISLATURE.



SENA TE.



The Senate consists of 32 members, who are elected In November of every alternate odd numbered year,
and hold their offices for two years from the first of January next succeeding. The State is divided into
32 districts, each electing one Senator. The Senators receive an annual salary of $1,500 and also $1 for each
ten miles of travel in going to or returning from the place of meeting once in each session. Ten dollars
per day in addition is allowed when the Senate alone is convened in extraordinary session, or when acting
as a court for the trial of impeachments.

J. SLOAT FASSETT (Rep. ). President, pro tern.
JOHN S. KENYON (Rep.), Clerk. CHARLES V. SCHRAM {IiQTa.),Sergeantrat-Arms.

CHARLES H. BhlA. {Rf^v-)~ Assistant Clerk. GEORGE H. THORNTON' (Rep.)". Stenographer.

EDMUND R. GIBBONS (Rep.), Do&rkeeptr.



First District.

(Snflfolk and Queens counties. Population, 136,219.)

EDWARD HAWKINS (Dem.), of Jamesport.
Suffolk county. Mi. 11, was born at Stonv Brook,
Suffolk county, N. Y., January 21, 1829; educated
in the public schools, was formerly a sailor, and is
now a farmer. He has always been identified with
the Democratic party ; and was elected to the Senate
by a plurality of 1,535, his opponents being Simeon
S. Hawkins (Rep.), who was chosen to the last Senate
by a plurality of 114, and Julius E. Phelps (Pro.)

Second District.

(1st, 2d. 5th, 6th, 8th, 9th, 10th. 12th and 23d wards
of Brooklyn, and towns of Flatbush, Gravesend
and New Utrecht, Kings countv.)
JOHN C.JACOBS (Dem.), of Brooklyn. Mr. J.
was born in Lancaster county, Pcnn., December 10,
183S; is a descendant of revolutionary stock, and of
German origin on the maternal side ; received a com-
mon school education, leaving school at the age of
14 ; has been a printer and Journalist, and is now
a lawyer ; was for several years the Albany corre-
spondent of the Neiu York World and other papers,
and was a war correspondent of New York journals
during McClellan's campaign ; he was an unsuccess-
ful candidate for member of Assembly in 1863 and
1865, running against J. C. Perry the first year and
W. W. Goodrich the second, and the Democratic
candidate for Clerk of the House in 1864 ; he was
elected to the Assembly in 1866, and served in that
body continuously until 1873, his majority being
usually larger than the State ticket received. In 1869
he served on the Committee on Commerce and Nav-
igation and several special committees, and in 1870
was Chairman of the Committee on Ways and
Means and a member of the Committees on Insurance
and (irievances; in 1871 he was a member of Griev-
ances, Judiciary, aiid Ways and Means, and Chair-
man of the latter ; in 1^72 he was a member of Ways
and Means and Petitions of Aliens, and in 1873 he
was a member of Wavsand Means, Insurance and
Rules. He was a member of the Senate in 1874, '75,
'76, '77, '78. "79, from the then third district, and in
1880, '81, "82. '83, '84, '85. from the fourth district,
serving on the Committees on Finance, Cities.
Privileges and Elections, Printing, Grievances, and
Rules, and was elected to the present Senate by a
plurality of 8,193, his opponents being Philip Casey
(Rep.) and James Gray (Pro.) The Democratic plu-
rality in 1887 was 12.114.

Third District.

(3d, 4th, 7th, nth, 15th. 19th. 20th. 21st and 22d wards
of Brooklyn.)

JAMES W. BIRKETT (Rep.), of Brooklyn (120



Lawrence street.) Mr. B. was born at Manchester,
July 31, 1841, and educated in the public schools of
New York city. He commenced business in 1864 as
a manufacturer of steam-heating apparatus, and has
continued it to the present time. He has been treas-
urer of the Kings County Republican General Com-
mittee for six 3 ears past, was Alderman in 1885, '86,
and Presidential Elector In 1888. He was elected to
the Senate by a plurality of 4,033, his opponents
being Mathew T. McBride (Dem.) and S. S. Hart
(Pro.) The Republican plurality in 1887 was 2,939.

Fourth District.

(14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 2Uh and 25th wards of
Brooklyn, and towns of New Lots and Flatlands,
Kings county.)

PATRICK H. McCARREN (Dem.), of Brooklyn
(169 "Wythe avenue). Mr. M. was born in Boston,
Mass., July 8, 1849; educated in public and private
schools in Brooklyn; is a cooper liy trade; was
formerly an oil and cooperage inspector, and is now
a real estate ami insurance agent. He was a member
of the Democratic State Committee in 1884; was
a member of Assembly in 1882. serving on the Com-
mittees on Public Health, Trade and Manufactures,
Printing and Sub-Committee of the Whole ; in 1883.
serving as Chairman of Commerce and Navigation,
and a member of the Special Committee on Con-
gressional Apportionment; was the unsuccessful
can lidate for State Senator in 1885, being deteated
by Hon. Jacob Worth ; was a member of Assembly
in 1889, serving on the Committees on Manufacture
of Salt and Public Lands ; and was elected to the
Senate by a plurality of 417. his opponents being
Edward H. Schluetter (Rep.) and Rush E. Avery
(Pro. ) The Republican plurality in 1867 was 900.

Fifth District.

(Richm.ond county and 1st, 2d, 3d, 5th, 6th, 8th. 14th,
and part of the 4th and 9th wards of New' York

city.)

WILLIAM L. BROWN (Dem.). of Brooklyn.
Mr. B. was born in Vermont, of Irish parents, De-
cember 25, 1840. His parents soon after removed to
Mahofiing county, 0., where his boyhood was spent
and his early education received. Owing to the
death of his father, he early assumed the care and
support of his mother. He taught school for several
terms in Ohio and in Copiah county. Miss., until the
outbreak of the war, when he returned to the North
and entered the army, serving in the 88th and 12.5th
Regiments, Ohio Vols. After the war the Colonel



154



Evening Journal Almanac, 1890.



with a partv of friends set out lor Montana, across
the plains with mule teams. It was the tirst regular
train that made the trip over the Bridger route. The
journev to Virginia City was one of great danger and
hardship. Montana then was strongly.Democratic,
and in the fall campaign Colonel Brown made a
number of etfective political speeches. He was
made Chief Clers of the Territorial Legislature by
unanimous vote of the Democratic members, being
the first to hold that otfice after the organization of
that bodv. He remained in Montana for two years
engaged" in mining near Virginia Cit>. He then
returned east and established The Youugstown {OXuo)
Vindicator, which he made a paper of great influence
among Ohio Democrats and labor organizations.
While he was publishing it in ls75, he was a candi-
date for State Senator in " the Western Reserve,"
and ran over 1.400 ahead of his ticket. Youngstown,
stronglv Republican, gave him over 1,0U0 majority
in a vote ot less than 3,000. He served as aid-de-
camp on the statf of Governor William Allen, of Ohio,
witli the rank of Colonel. After settling at Youngs-
town, he actively participated in political affairs as
a speaker and writer. For a number of years he was
chairman of the Mahoning Democratic County Com-
mittee and represented his district in the National
Democratic Conventions of 1S72 and 1876. Soon
after he removed to New York city, and is now the
business manager of the New York News, and as-
sociate and partner of Hon. Benjamin Wood in its
publication. He was elected to the Senate by a plu-
rality of 2,545, his opponents being Michael C.
Murphv (Countv Dem. ), who was chosen to the pre-
ceding Senate by a plurality of 8,688, and F. M. Ham-
mond (Pro.)

Sixth District.

(7th, 11th anl 13th wards and part of the 4th ward of
New York city.)
JOHNIF. AHEARN (County Dem.), of New York
ciry (41 Gouverneur street). Mr. A. was born in
New York city, April 18, 1853. educated in the public
schools; is clerk of the police court; was a member
of Assembly in 1882, serving on the committees on
Railroads and Public Education ; and was elected to
the Senate by a plurality of 4,926. his opponents being
Thomas F. Grady (Tarn. Dem.) and T. M. Holden
(Pro.) -Mr. Grady was chosen to the last Senate at
a special election by a plurality of 4,815.

ScTcnth District.

(10th and 17th wards and part of the 15th, 18th and
2Ist wards of New York city.)

GEORGE FRANCIS ROESCH (Tam.Dem.), of New
York city (19 Avenue A). Mr. R. was born in New
York city, June 19, 1855; educated at St. Nicholas
Parochial School, De La Salle Institute of the Chris-
tian Brothers and Columbia Law School. He also
read law in the offices of Cyrus Lawton and Barnum
& Rebhauu ; was admitted to the bar in 1876, and is
a lawyer. He has always been a Tammany Demo-
crat; has been a speaker for the Democracy since
1S74, taking part in the Tilden, Hancock and Cleve-
land campaigns. He is a member of the New York
Press Club. He was a member of Assembly in 1^83,
serving on the Committees on Judiciary. Public
Health. State Charitable Institutions, Special Com-
mittee on Memorial Services of E.x-Governor Edwin
D. Morgan and Conference Committee on the Bureau
'<f Labor Statistics Bill ; in 1885, serving on General
Law«,Two-thirdsand Three- fifths Bills and the Demo-
cratic Caucus Committee; in 1888, serving on Ju-
diciary, Federal Relations, Conference Committee on
the Annual Supply Bill, and Spcc'al'Committee to in-
vestigate the condition of the Indians of the State;
and in 1889, serving on Judiciary, Federal Relations
and Public Printing. He secured the passage of
bills to repeal the law which prohibited actions be-
ing brought In this State on policies of life insurance
where the insured had died outside of the State; to
nrohiblt the manufacture of cigars Iti tenement-
houses ; to authorize the Board of Education in New
York city to provide special schools and classes to



enable those to acquire an English education who
cannot attend the regular sessions ; to extend to vet-
erans the privilege of music at Sunday funerals of
comrades ; to abolish the store money-order system ;
to protect by injunction and action for damages the
labels of trades unions attached to the products of
skilled labor. In 1885, he introduced a bill to give
citizens the preference over unnaturalized persons in
employment on public works. He was elected to
the Senate by a plurality of 2,240, his opponents being
Frederick W. Diehl (Co. Dem. and Rep.), and A. L.
Manierre (Pro.) The Democratic plurality in 1887
was 6,994.

Eighth District.

(16th ward and parts of the 9th, 15th, 18th, 20th and
21st wards of New York city. )
LISPENARD STEWART (Rep.), of New York city
(P. 0. Box 258). Mr. S. was born in Westchester
county. New York, June 19, 1855. He received his
preparatory education at Charlier's and Anthon's
schools in New York city, and Dr. Morris' Boarding
•School at Peekskill, N. Y. He entered Yale Uni-
versity and graduated therefrom in 1876, with the
degree of B. A. After graduation he began the
study of law at the Columbia College Law School,
graduating in 1878 with the degree "of LL. B. He
has since practiced law and has charge of important
trust estates. Mr. Stewart is a member of the gov-
erning boards of the Prison Association, the New
York Eye and Ear Infirmary and the Seaman's
Missionary tociety . He has always been a Republi-
can and for ten years has been a member of the Lin-
coln Club. In 1888, he was a Presidential elector
and Secretary of the Electoral College. He has
never before held public office, and was chosen to
the Senate by a plurality of 305, his opponents being
Charles H. Turner (Tam. Dem.), Nelson J. Water-
bury. Jr. (Co. Dem.) and J. A. Bogardus (Pro.)
There was a large falling off in registration last fall,
especially among Republicans. The Republican plu-
rality in 1887 was 4,803.

Ninth District.

(Parts of the 18th, 19th and 21st wards of New York
city.)

CHARLES A. STADLER (Tam. Dem.), of New
York city (406 East Forty-seventh street and 404 East
Fiftieth street.) He was born in Germany. July 15,
1848, and educated in the public schools of New
York and St. Nicholas Academy, New York. He
was formerly a bi"ewer, but is now engaged in mer-
cantile business and manufacturing. He held the
office of Inspector of Public Schools in New York
city from 1878 to 1881, and is a member of the New
York Pvouuce Exchange, President of the Nf w York
Ice Exchange and of the Sebastian Manufacturing
Company in New, York. During the War of tiie Re-
bellion he served fis Sergeant-Major in the 55th Regi-
ment, New York Volunteers. He was a member of
the last Senate, serving on the Committees on Com-
merce and Navigation, Insurance, Internal Affairs,
Manufactures and Poor Laws ; and was re-elected by
a plurality of 6,090, his opponents being William J.
Eoyhan (Co. Dem. and Rep. ) and R. W. Turner
(Pro. ) His plurality in 1887 was 11,207.

Tenth District.

(Parts of the 12th, 19th. 2(ith, 21st and 22d wards of
New York city. )

JACOB A. CANTOR (Tam. Dem.), of New York
city (132 E. 105th street). .Mr. C. was born in New
York city, December 6, 1854: educated in the public
schools, and in his fourteenth year entered the law
office of William Ware Peck, now U. S. Judge in
Montana. Early in 1870 he became associated with
W^ebster & Craig. On the invitation of Manton
Marble, in 1872, he became a reporter on the New
York World, and remained in that capacity until
1877. During his connection with the TForW he en-
tered the University Law School, graduating with
honor in 1875 ; two years later he was the law part-



Evening Journal Alma/iac, 1890.



155



ner of 'VVm. D. Ilenncn, author of the " Louisiana
I)igest," and afterward was associated with Charles
E. Coddington. At present he is the senior member
of the firm of Cantor & Van Schaick, lawyers, lie
Is an active member and former trustee of the New
York Press Club. Mr. C. was one of the Demo-
cratic speakers during the Hancock campaign, and
the State campaigns that followed, and also delegate
at large to the Democratic State Convention in 1884.
In IR-^S, he was candidate for the noniiuatiou for
State Senator In the 10th district, and caused a dead-
lock in the Conference Committee, which culmi-
nated in the nomination of Hon. J. llainpdea Robb.
lie is a member of the Tammany Society, and has
been alternate delegate to several State Conventions,
and a delegate to County Conventions since 1877.
lie was a member of Assembly in 1885, serving on
the Committees on Public Printing, Petitions of
Aliens, the Special Committee to escort remanis of
ex-President Grant from the State Capitol to place
of interment; and of the Special Committee of the
Democratic minority to draft an address to the people
of the State ; in l.s-^6, serving on Judiciary, lievision.
Two-thirds and Tlirce-fifchs Bills; and in 1887, serv-
ing on the Committees on Judiciary, Revision, Claims
and Rules. He was a member of the last Senate,
serving on the Committee on Cities, and was
elected to the present Senate by a plurality of 5,636,
his opponents being Charles A. Peabody, Jr. (Rep.),
Alston G. Culver (Co. Dem.) and E. D. Garnsey
(Pro.) His plurality in 1887 was 5,833. Mr. C. was
the Democratic nominee for President pro tern, of
the Senate in 1888 and 1890.

Elerenth District.

(23d and 24th wards, and parts of the 11th. 20th and
22d wards of New-York city.)

EUGENE SEMMES IVES (Tam. Dem.), of New
York city (West 139th st. and Boulevard.) Mr. I. was
born in Washington, D. C, November 11,1859; his
father was a graduate of West Point Military Acad-
emy, and his grandfather a physician in New York
city in the early part of the century. His mother,
whose maiden name was Semmes, was a cousin of
Raphael Semmes, Commander of the Alabama, Her
family came from Maryland. Mr. Ives was edu-
cated at Georgetown Preparatory and Collegiate De-
partment, schools in Austria and Belgium, 1870-'78,
and Columbia College L^w School, 1878-'80, and is a
lawyer. He was a member of Assembly in 1885, serv-
ing on the Committees on Banks, Two-thirds and
Three-fitths Bills, and Engrossed Bills; in 1887, serv-
ing on Judiciary, Charitable and Religious Societies,
and Privileges and Elections ; was a member of the
last Senate, serving on the Committees on Judiciary
and Claims, and was elected to the present Senate
by a plurality of 8, .349, his opponents being John
Carlin (Rep.), Dennis A. Spellasy (Co. Dem. ) and
W. J. Gilmore (Pro.) His plurality in 1887 was
8,840.

Twelfth District.

(CountiesofRockland and Westchester. Pop l'>7 611 )
WILLIAM H. ROBERTSON (Rep), of Katonah,
Westchester county. Mr. R. was born at Bedford,
in the same county, October 10,1823; educated at
Union Academy, in that place ; is a lawyer, of the
Arm of Close & Robertson, supposed to be the oldest
law Arm in the State ; admitted to the bar in 1847 ;
was Town Superintendent of Bedford Common
Schools several years. He was a Whig until 1856, and
since a Re,.ublican ; Supervisor of Bedford four
years; Chairman of Westchester Board of Supervis-
ors twice; Member of Assembly in 1849 and 18.50 •
of the State Senate in 1S54, '55, ainl 1872, '73, '74, '75,
'76, '77, '78, '79, '80, '81, "xS and "89, and President
pro tern, in 1874, '75, '76, '77, '78, "79, '80 and '81.
During his service in the Senate he was Chairman of
the Judiciary Committee for ten year-; : of Com-
merce and Navigation, two years, and of Literature,
two years. He voted for Wm. H. Seward for Senator
in 1849 and 1855, and was the only person, except Reu-
ben Wells of Warren county, who voted for Mr.
Seward on both occasions. He was Countv Judge



of Westchester county twelve years (three terms) ;
Presidential elector in 1860; Representative in
the 40th Congress ; Delegate to the Republican
National Conventions in 1864, 1876, 1880, 1.S84 and
1888, and Delegate to Whig and Republican State
Conventions repeatedly; Collector of the Port of
New York, four years ; and member of the Republi-
can State Committee for fifteen successive vears.
He was one of the three Republicans from this State
sent by General Grant to Florida in 1876, to see that
the electoral vote was cast in accordance with the
vote of the State at the Presidential election of that
year; Chairman of the Military Committee ap-
pointed by Governor Morgan in 1862, to raise and or-
ganize State troops in the 8th Senate District; Com-
missioner to superintend the draft in Westchester in
the early part of the war, under an appointment of
the Governor; and Brigade Inspector of the 7th Bri-
gade for six years. In 1876 the degree of LL. D. was
conferred upon him by Williams College. He was
elected to the present Senate bv a majority of 2,717
over Henry C. Nelson (Dem.) His plurality In 1887
was 396.

Thirteenth District.

(Counties of Orange and Sullivan. Population 120,187.*)
WILLIAM P. RICHARDSON (Rep.), of Goshen,
Orange! county. Mr. R. was born at Lawrence
Mass., May 10, 1848. He is a member of an old and
honored family, the 'founder of which came to this
country from England in 1632. His father and
grandfather were both ministers • his great-grand-
father on his father's side, Capt. John Richardson,
served in the Revolution, and was wounded at the
battle of Stillwater. His maternal ancestors also
served during the Revolution, his great-grandfather,
Daniel Collins, having entered the army at the age
of seventeen and remaining until the close of the
war. Mr. R.'s boyhood was spent at Newburyport.
Mass., and Providence, R. I., where his education
was obtained in the public schools. At the age of
fifteen, he left school and entered a drug store in
Providence, where he remained two years, remov-
ing to Paterson. N. J., where he was in the same busi-
ness one year. A trip to Havana and the Bahamas
left him stranded in New York with but 73 cents in
his pocket. He soon secured a position in a hardware
store at Paterson, N. J.; four years later he, in com-
pany with another person, bought the concern and
conducted the business five years, and was connec-
ted with the feed business two years longer. Mr.
Richardson then removed to Orange countv, N. Y. ,
purchasing a Large farm near Goshen, which has
since become one of the most productive in Orange
county. He was one of the founders of the Orange
County Farmers' Association, and a year later was
chosen President, serving as such during the famous
milk war of 1883 and since. He has always been
a Republican ; was a member of the Board of Edu-
cation of Paterson, N. J., during his residence in
that 'city; a Presidential elector in 1888. and was
elected to the Senate by a plurality of 282, his op-
ponents being Peter Ward (Dem.) and Horace W.
McConn (Pro.) Mr. Ward was elected to the last Sen-
ate at a special election in 1868 by a plurality of 166.

Fourteenth District.

(Counties of Ulster, Schoharie and Greene. Popu-
lation, 153,234.)

JOHN J. LINSON (Dem.), 'of Kingston, Ulster
county. Mr. L. was born at Mongaup Vallej-, Sullivan
county, N. Y.. November 29. 1850, of Revolutionary
ancestry: received his education at Monticello Acad-
emy, and State Normal School, and is a lawver. He
has always been a Democrat ; was Chairman of the
Democratic County Committee in 1879, and Corpora-
tion Counsel of Kingston, 1883-'87. He was a member
of the last Senate, serving on the Committees on
Finance, Literature and Roads and Bridges, and was
elected to the present Senate by a plurality of 3,620,
his opponents being Charles C. Kromer(Rep. ) and
Isaac C. Dart (Pro. ) His plurality in 1887 was 2,213.
Mr. Linson was prominently identified with ballot
reform legislation.



156



£ve?iuig Journal Alma?iac^ 1890.



Fifteenth District.

(Counties of Dutchess, Columbia and Putnam.
Population, 139,653.)

GILBERT A. DEANE (Rep.), of Copake Iron
Works, Columbia county. Mr. D. was born in Con-
necticut, June 2, 1S51 ; is a farmer ; was a member
of the Assembly in ljS4; a member of the last Sen-
ate, serving as chairman of the Committees on Mi-
litia and Agriculture,and member of Internal Affairs
and Public Health; and was elected to the present
Senate bv a majority of 3,^29 over Mansfield Davies



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