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Indians on reservations to whom rations are

issued by the United States 34,675

Self-supporting Indians on reservations
(farming, herding, root digging, horse rais-
ing. Ashing or hunting) 98,707

Total self-supporting Indians taxed or tax-
able and untaxed (32,567 taxed or taxable),
not including the Five Civilized Tribes 131,274



PRODUCTION OF DISTILIED SPIRITS IN THE U. S. FROM i882-' 9 o.



Fiscal
years

ENDED

June 10.


Bourbon
whiskey.


Rye
whiskey.


Alcohol.


Rum.


High
wines.


Pure, neu-
tral or
cologne
spirits.


Apple,

peach and

gTape

brandy.


Aggregate
production


1882


29,575,667
8,662,245
■ 996,832

13,277,750

19.31

17,015,034
7,463,609

21,960,784

32,474.7-4


9,224,777
4,784,654
5,089,958
5,328,043
7,842,540
7,313,640
5,879,690
8,749,768
13, 355, 577


15,201,671
10,718,706
12,385,229
13,436,916
1 1 , 247, 877
10.337,035
11,075,639
10,939,135
11,354,448


1,704,084
1,801,960
1,711,158
2,081,165
1,799,952
• 1,857,223
1,891,246
1,471,054
1,657,808


10,962,379
8,701,951
6,745,688
3,235,889
2, 396, 248
2,410,923
1,016,436
1,021,495
555, 572


27,871,293
28,295,253
28,536,680
27,104,382
26,533,581
27,066,219
29,475,913
30,439,354
34,022,619


1,430,054
1,281,202
1,095,428
1,489,711
1,504,880
1,601,847
1,408,782
1,775,040
1,825.810


107,283,215


1883


75,294,510


18i4


76,531,167


18*5


76,405,074


].-s86


81,849,260




79,433,446


1883


71,688.188


1889


91,133,550





111,101,738



Evening Journal Ahnanac, 1891.



149



NEW YORK LEGISLATURE.



SENA TE.

The Senate consists of 32 members, who are elected in November of every alternate odd numbered year,
and hold their offices for two years from the first of January next succeeding. The State is divided into
32 districts, each electing one Senator. The Senators receive an annual salary of $1,500 and also %\ for each
ten miles of travel in going to or returning from the place of meeting once in each session. Ten dollars
per day in addition is allowed when the Senate alone is convened in extraordinary session, or when acting
as a court for the trial of impeachments.

J. SLOAT FASSETT (Rep.), President, pro tern.
JOHN S. KENYON (Rep.), Clerk. CHARLES V. SCHRAM (Rep. ), Sergeant-at-Arms.

CHARLES H. BALL (Rep. ), Assistant Clerk. GEORGE H. THORNTON (Rep.), Stenographer
EDMUND R. GIBBONS (Rep.), Doorkeeper.



First District.

(Suffolk and Queens counties. Population, 136,219.)

EDWARD HAWKINS (Dem.), of Jamesport,
Suffolk county. Mr. H. was born at Stony Brook,
Suffolk county, N. Y., January 21, 1829; educated
in the public schools, was formerly a sailor, and is
now a farmer. He has always been identified with
the Democratic party ; and was elected to the Senate
by a plurality of 1,535, his opponents being Simeon
S. Hawkins (Rep.), who was chosen to the last Senate
by a plurality of 114, and Julius E. Phelps (Pro.)

Second District.

(1st, 2d. 5th, 6th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 12th and 23d wards
of Brooklyn, and towns of Flatbush, Gravesend
and New Utrecht, Kings county.)
JOHN C. JACOBS (Dem.), of Brooklyn. Mr. J.
was born in Lancaster county, Pcnn., December 10,
1838; is a descendant of revolutionary stock, and of
German origin on the maternal side ; received a com-
mon school education, leaving school at the age of
14 ; has been a printer and journalist, and is now
a lawyer ; was for several years the Albany corre-
spondent of the New York World and other papers,
and was a war correspondent of New York journals
during McCIellan's campaign ; he was an unsuccess-
ful candidate for member of Assembly in 1863 and
1865, running against J. C. Perry the first year and
W. W. Goodrich the second, and the Democratic
candidate for Clerk of the House in 1864; he was
elected to the Assembly in 1866, and served in that
body continuously until 1873, his majority being
usually larger than the State ticket received. In 1869
he served on the Committee on Commerce and Nav-
igation and several special committees, and in 1870
was Chairman of the Committee on Ways and
Means and a member of the Committees on Insurance
and Grievances; in 1S71 he was a member of Griev-
ances, Judiciary, and Ways and Means, and Chair-
man of the latter ; in 1872 he was a member of Ways
and Means and Petitions of Aliens, and in 1873 he
was a member of Ways and Means, Insurance and
Rules. He was a member of the Senate in 1874, '75,
'76, '77, '78, '79, from the then third district, and in
1880, '81, '82, '83, '84, '35, from the fourth district,
serving on the Committees on Finance, Cities,
Privileges and Elections, Printing, Grievances, and
Rules, and was elected to the present Senate by a
plurality of 8, 193, his opponents being Philip Casey
(Rep.) and James Gray (Pro.) The Democratic plu-
rality in 1887 was 12,114.

Third District.

(3d, 4th, 7th, 11th, 15th. 19th, 20th, 21st and 22d wards
of Brooklyn. )

JAMES W. BIRKETT (Rep.), of Brooklyn (120



Lawrence street). Mr. B. was born at Manchester,
July 31, 1841, and educated in the public schools of
New York city. He commenced business in 1864 as
a manufacturer of steam-heating apparatus, and has
continued it to the present time. He has been treas-
urer of the Kings County Republican General Com-
mittee for six vears past, was Alderman in 1885, '86.
and Presidential elector In 1888. He was elected to
the Senate by a pluralitv of 4,033, his opponents
being Mathew T. McBride (Dem.) and S. S. Hart
(Pro.) The Republican plurality in 1887 was 2,939.

Fourth District.

(14th, 15th, 16th. 17th, 18th, 24th and 25th wards of
Brooklyn, and towns of New Lots and Flatlands,
Kings county. )

PATRICK H. McCARREN (Dem.), of Brooklyn
(169 Wythe avenue). Mr. M. was born in Boston,
Mass.. July 8, 1849; educated in public and private
schools in Brooklyn : is a cooper "by trade ; was
formerly an oil and cooperage inspector, and is now
a real estate and insurance agent. He was a member
of the Democratic State Committee in 1884; was
a member of Assembly in 1882. serving on the Com-
mittees on Public Health, Trade and Manufactures,
Printing and Sub-Committee of the Whole ; in 1883,
serving as Chairman of Commerce and Navigation,
and a member of the Special Committee on Con-
gressional Apportionment; was the unsuccessful
can lidate for State Senator in 1885, being defeated
by Hon. Jacob Worth ; was a member of Assembly
in 1889, serving on the Committees on Manufacture
of Salt and Public Lands ; and was elected to the
Senate by a plurality of 417. his opponents being
Edward II. Schluetter (Rep.) and Rush E. Avery
(Pro.) The Republican plurality in 1887 was 900.

Fifth District.

(Richmond county and 1st, 2d, 3d, 5th, 6th, 8th, 14th,
and part of the 4th and 9th wards of New York
city.)

WILLIAM L. BROWN (Dem.). of Brooklyn.
Mr. B. was born in Vermont, of Irish parents, De-
cember 25, 1840. His parents soon after removed to
Mahoning county, O., where his bovhood was spent
and his early education received. Owing to the
death of his father, he early assumed the care and
support of his mother. He taueht school for several
terms in Ohio and in Copiah countv. Miss., until the
outbreak of the war, when he returned to the North
and entered the army, serving in the 88th and 125th
Regiments, Ohio Vols. After the war the Colonel



with a partv of friends set out for Montana, across
the plains with inn le teams. It was the first regular
train that made the trip over the Bridger route. The
journev to Virginia City was one of great danger and
hardship. Montana then was strongly Democratic,
and in the fall campaign Colonel Brown made a
number of effective political speeches. He was
made Chief Clerk of the Territorial Legislature by
unanimous vote of the Democratic members, being
the'tirst to hold that othce after the organization of
thai body. He remained in Montana for two years
engaged in mining near Virginia City. He then
returned east and established Tlie Yoinigstown{Oihio)
Vindicator, which he made a paper of great influence
among Ohio Democrats and labor organizations.
While he was publishing it in 1875, he was a candi-
date for State Senator in " the "Western Reserve,"
and ran over 1,400 ahead of his ticket. Youngstown,
strongly Republican, gave him over 1,000 majority
in a vote of less than 3,000. He served as aid-de-
camp on the staff of Governor William Allen, of Ohio,
with the rank of Colonel. After settling at Youngs-
town, he actively participated in political affairs as
a speaker and writer. For a number o( years he was
chairman of the Mahoning Democratic County Com-
mittee and represented his district in the National
Democratic Conventions of 1872 and 1876. Soon
after he removed to New York city, and is now the
business manager of the New York News, and as-
sociate and partner of Hon. Benjamin Wood in its
publication. He was elected to the Senate by a plu-
ralitv of 2,545, his opponents being Michael C.
Murphv (Countv Dem.), who was chosen to the pre-
ceding" Senate by a plurality of 8,688, and F. M.
Hammond (Pro.)

Sixth District.

(7th, 11th and 13th wards and part of the 4th ward of
New York city.)

JOHN F. AHEARN (County Dem.). of New York
city (41 Gouverneur street). Mr. A. was born in
New York city, April 18, 1.353, educated in the public
schools; is clerk of the police court; was a member
of Assembly in 1882, serving on the committees on
Railroads and Public Education ; and was elected to
the Senate bv a plurality of 4,926, his opponents being
Thomas F. Grady (Tarn. Dem.) and T. M. Holden
(Pro. ) Mr. Grady was chosen to the last Senate at
a special election by a plurality of 4,815.

Seventh District.

(10th and 17th wards and part of the 15th, ISth and
21st wards of New York city.

GEORGE FRANCIS ROESCH (Tarn. Dem.), of New
York city (.19 Avenue A). Mr. R. was born in New
York cit'v, June 19, 1855; educated at St. Nicholas
Parochial School, De La Salle Institute of the Chris-
tian Brothers and Columbia Law School. He also
read law in the offices of Cyrus Lawton and Barnum
& Rebhaun ; was admitted to the bar in 1876, and is
a lawver. He has always been a Tammany Demo-
crat ; has been a speaker for the Democracy since
1874, taking part in the Tilden, Hancock ami Cleve-
land campaigns. He is a member of the New York
Press Club. He was a member of Assembly in 1883,
serving on the Committees on Judiciary, Public
Health, State Charitable Institutions, Special Com-
mittee on Memorial Services of Ex-Governor Edwin
D. Morgan and Conference Committee on the Bureau
of Labor Btatistlcs Bill: in 1885, serving on General
Laws. Two-thirds and Three-fifth Bills and the Dem-
'cratic Caucus Committee; in 1888, serving on Ju-
diciary, federal Relations, Conference Committee on
the Annual Supply Bill, and Special Committee to in-
vestigate the condition of the Indians of the State;
and in 1889, serving on .Judiciary, Federal Relations
and Public Printing. He secured the passage of
bills to repeal the law which prohibited actions be-
ing brought in this .^tate on policies on life insurance
where the insured had died outside of the State ; to
prohibit the manufacture of cigars in tenement-
houses; toauthorize the Board of Education in New
York city to provide special schools and classes to



enable those to acquire an English education who
cannot attend the regular sessions ; to extend to vet-
erans the privilege of music at Sunday funerals of
comrades ; to abolish the store money-order system ;
to protect by injunction and action for damages the
labels of trades unions attached to the products of
skilled labor. In 1885, he introduced a bill to give
citizens the preference over unnaturalized persons in
employment on public works. He was elected to
the Senate by a plurality of 2,240, his opponents being
Frederick W. Diehl (Co. Dem. and Rep.) and A. L.
Manierre (Pro.) The Democratic plurality in 1887
was 6,994.

Eighth District.

(16th ward and parts of the 9th. 15th, 18th, 20th and
21st wards of New York city. )

LISPENARD STEWART (Rep.), of New York city
(P. O. Box 258). Mr. S. was born in Westchester
county, New York, June 19, 1855. He received his
preparatory education at Charlier's and Anthon's
schools in New York city, and Dr. Morris' Boarding
School at Peekskill, N. Y. He entered Yale Uni-
versity and graduated therefrom in 1876, with the
degree of B. A. After graduation he began the
study of law at the Columbia College Law School,
graduating in 1878 with the degree of LL. B. He
has since practiced law and has charge of important
trust estates. Mr. Stewart is a member of the gov-
erning boards of the Prison Association, the New
York Eye and Ear Infirmary and the Seaman's Mis-
sionary Society. He has always been a Republican
and for ten years has been a member of the Lincoln
Club. In 1888, he was a Presidential elector and
Secretary of the Electoral College. He has never
before held public office, and was chosen to the
Senate by a plurality of 305, his opponents being
Charles H. Turner (tarn. Dem.), Nelson J. Water-
bury, Jr. (Co. Dem.) and J. A. Bogardus (Pro.)
There was a large falling off in registration in 1889,
especially among Republicans. The Republican plu-
rality in 1887 was 4,803.

Ninth District.

(Parts of the 18th, 19th and 21st wards of New York
city. )

CHARLES A. STADLER (Tarn. Dem.), of New
York city (406 East Forty-seventh street and 404 East
Fiftieth street). He was born in Germany, July 15,
1848, and educated in the public schools of New
Yors and St. Nicholas Academy, New York. He
was formerly a brewer, but is now engaged in mer-
cantile business and manufacturing. He held the
office of Inspector of Public Schools in New York
city from 1878 to 1881, and is a member of the New
York Produce Exchange, President of the New York
Ice Exchange and of the Sebastian Manufacturing
Company in New York. During the war of the Re-
bellion he served as Sergeant-Major in the 59th Regi-
ment, New York Volunteers. He was a member of
the last Senate, serving on the Committees on Com-
merce and Navigation, Insurance, Internal Affairs,
Manufactures and Poor Laws ; and was re-elected by
a plurality of 6,090, his opponents being William J.
Boyhan (Co. Dem. and Rep.) and R. W. Turner
(Pro.) His plurality in 1887 was 11,207.

Tenth District.

(Parts of the 12th, 19th, 20th, 21st and 22d wards of
New York city. )

JACOB A. CANTOR (Tarn. Dem.), of New York
city (132 E. 105th street). Mr. C. was born in New
York city, December 6. 1854 ; educated in the public
schools, and in his fourteenth year entered the law
office of William Ware Peck, now U. S. Judge in
Montana. Early in 1870 he became associated with
Webster & Craig. On the invitation of Manton
Marble, in 1872, he became a reporter on the JVeio
York World, and remained in that capacity until
1877. During his connection with the World he en-
tered the University Law School, graduating with
honor in 1875 ; two years later he was the law pa^t-



Evening Journal Almanac, 1801.



151



ner of Win. D. llennen, author of the " Louisiana
Digest," ami afterward was associated with Charles
E. Coddlngton. At present he is the senior member
of the flrm of Cantor & Van Schaick, lawyers. He
is an active member and former trustee of the New
York Press Club. Mr. C. «a.) one of the Demo-
cratic speakers during the Hancock campaign, and
the State campaigns that followed, and also delegate
at large to the Democratic State Convention in 1884.
In 1883, he was candidate for the nomination for
State Senator in the 10th district, ami caused a dead-
lock in the Conference Committee, which culmi
nated in the nomination of lion, J. Hampden Robb
Be is a member of the Tammany Society, an-i his
been alternate delegate to several State Conventions
ami a delegate to County Conventions since 1*77.
He was a member of Assembly in 1885, serving on
the Committees on Public Printing, Petitions of
Aliens, the Special Committee to escort remains of
ex-President Grant from the State Capitol to place
of interment ; and of the Special Committee of the
Democratic minority to draft an address to the peo-
ple of the State; in 1886, serving on Judiciary, Re-
vision, Two-thirds and Three-fifths Bills; and in
1887, serving on the Committee on Judiciary, Revis-
ion, Claims and Rules. He was a member of the
last Senate, serving on the Committee on Cities, and
was elected to the present Senate by a plurality of
5.630, his opponents being Charles A. Peabody, Jr.
(Rep.), Alston ,G. Culver (Co. Dem.) and E. D.
Garnsey (Pro.) His plurality in 1887 was 5,833. Mr.
C. was the Democratic nominee for President pro
tern of the Senate in 18S8 and 1890.

Eleventh District.

(23d and 24th wards, and parts of the 11th, 20th and
22d wards of New York city.)

EUGENE SEMMES IYES (Tam. Dem.), of New
York city (West 139th st. and Boulevard.) Mr. I.
was born in Washington, D. C, November 11, 1859;
his father was a graduate of West Point Military
Academy, and his grandfather a physician in New
York city in the early part of the century. His
mother, whose maiden name was Semmes, was a
cousin of Raphael Semmes, commander of the Ala-
bama. Her family came from Maryland. Mr. Ives
was educated at Georgetown Preparatory and Colle-
giate Department, schools in Austria and Belgium,
1S70-78, and Columbia College Law School, 1S7S-80,
and is a lawyer- He was a member of Assembly in
1885, serving on the Committees on Banks, Two-
thirds and Three-fifths Bills and Engrossed Bills; in
1887, serving on Judiciary, Charitable and Religious
Societies, and Privileges and Elections; was a mem-
ber of the last Senate, serving on the Committees on
Judiciary and Claims, and was elected to the present
Senate by a plurality of 8,349, his opponents being
John Carlin (Rep.), Dennis A. Spellasy (Co. Dem.;
and W. J. Gilmore (Pro.) His plurality in 1887 was
8,840.

Twelfth District.

(Counties of Rockland and Westchester. Pop.127,611.)

WILLIAM H. ROBERTSON (Rep.), of Katonah,
Westchester county. Mr. R. was born at Bedford,
in the same county, October 10,1823; educated at
Union Academy in that place ; is a lawyer, of the
flrm of Close & Robertson, supposed to be the oldest
law firm in the State ; admitted to the bar in 1847 ;
was Town Superintendent of Bedford Common
Schools several years. He was. a Whig until 1856,
and since a Republican; Supervisor of Bedford four
years; Chairman of Westchester Board of Supervis-
ors twice ; member of Assembly in 1849 and 1850';
of the State Senate in 1854, '55, and 1872, '73, '74, 75,
76, 77, '78. "79, '80, '81. '88 and '89. and President pro
tern iu 1874, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79. '80 and '81. During
his service in the Senate he was Chairman of the
Judiciary Committee for ten years ; of Commerce
and Navigation two years, and of Literature two
years. He voted for Wm. H. Seward for Senator in
1849 and 1855, and was the only person, except Reu-
ben Wells of Warren county, who voted for Mr.
Seward on both occasions. He was County Judge



of Westchester county twelve years (three terms);
Presidential elector In 1860; Representative iii
the 40th Congress; Delegate to the Republican
National Conventions in 1804, 1876, isso, I - I and
1888, and Delegate to Whig and Republican State
Conventions repeatedly; Collector of the Port of
New lork, lour yi ars; and member of the Republi-
can State Committee for fifteen successive years.
He was one of the three Republicans from this State
sent by General Grant to Florida in 1876 to see that
the electoral vote was cast in accordance with the
vote of the State at the Presidential election of that
year; Chairman of the Military Committee ap-
pointed by Gov. Morgan In 1862, to raise and organ-
ize State troops in the 8th Senate District : Commis-
sioner to superintend the draft in Westchester in
the early part of the war, under an appointment of
the Governor; and Brigade Inspector of the 7th Brig-
ade for six years. In 1876 the degree of LL.I). was
conferred upon him by Williams College. He was
elected to the present Senate by a majority of 2,717
over Henry C. Nelson (Dem.) His plurality in 1887
was 396.

Thirteenth District.
(Counties of Orange and Sullivan. Population 120,187.)

WILLIAM P. RTCHARDSON (Rep.) of Goshen,
Orange county. Mr. R. was born at Lawrence,
Mass. , May 10, 1848. He is a member of an old and
honored family, the founder of which came to this
country from England in 1632. His father and
grandfather were both ministers; his great-grand-
father on his father's side, Capt. John Richardson,
served in the Revolution, and was wounded at the
battle of Stillwater. His maternal ancestors also
served during the Revolution, his great-grandfather,
Daniel Collins, having entered the army at the age
of seventeen, and remaining until the close of the
war. Mr. R.'s boyhood was spent at Newburyport,
Mass., and Providence, R. I., where his education
was obtained in the public schools. At the age
of fifteen he left school and entered a drug store in
Providence, where he remained two years, removing
to Paterson, N. J., where he was in the same, busi-
ness one year. A trip to Havana and the Bahamas
left him stranded in New York with but seventy-
three cents in his pocket. He soon secured a posi-
tion in a hardware store at Paterson, N. J.; tour
years later he, in company with another person,
bought the concern and conducted the business five
years, and was connected with the feed business two
years longer. Mr. Richardson then removed to
Orange county, N. Y. , purchasing a large farm near
Goshen, which has since become one of the most
productive in Orange county. He was one of the
founders of the Orange County Farmers' Association,
and a year later was chosen President, serving as
such during the famous milk war of 1883 and since.
He has always been a Republican ; was a member of
the Board of Education of Paterson, N. J., during
his residence in that city; a Presidential elector iu
1888, and was elected to the Senate by a plurality of
282, his opponents being Peter Ward (Dem.) and
Horace W. McConn (Pro.) Mr. Ward was elected
to the last Senate at a special election in 1888 by a
plurality of 166.

Fourteenth District.

(Counties of Ulster, Schoharie and Greene. Popu-
lation, 153,234.)

JOHN J. LINSON (Dem.), of Kingston, Ulster
county. Mr. L. was born at Mongaup Valley, Sullivan
county, N. Y.. November 29, 1850, of Revolutionary
ancestry; received his education at Monticello Acad-
emy, and State Normal School, and is a lawyer. He
has always been a Democrat ; was Chairman of the
Democratic County Committee in 1879, and Corpora-
tion Counsel of Kingston, 1883-'s7. He was a member
of the last Senate, serving on the Committees on
Finance. Literature and Roads and Bridges, and was
elected to the present Senate by a plurality of 3,620,
his opponents being Charles C. Kromer (Rep. I and
Isaac C. Dart (Pro.) His plurality in 1887 was 2.213.
Mr. Linson was prominently identified with ballot
reform legislation.




Fifteenth District.

(Counties of Dutchess, Columbia and Putnam.
Population, 13 ( J, 653. )

GILBERT A. DEANE (Rep.), of Copake Iron
Works, Columbia comity. Mr. D. was born in Con-
necticut. June 2, 1851 : is a farmer; was a member
of the Assembly in 1S8-1 ; a member of the last Sen-
ate, serving as chairman of the Committee on Mil-
itia an>l Agriculture, and member of Internal Affairs
and Public Health ; and was elected to the present
Senate by a majority of 3.529 over Mansfield Davies
(Dem.) "His plurality in 1S87 was 3,175.

Sixteenth District.

(Counties of Rensselaer and Washington. Popula-
tion, 1S3, 220. )

MICHAEL F. COLLINS (Dem.), of Troy, Rens-
selaer county. Mr. C. was born in Troy, September
27, 1854, and educated in the public schools and at
the Christian Brothers' Academy. He was formerly
a compositor, and is now the editor and proprietor
of the Troy Observer. He was one of the stockhold-
ers of the Troy Standard, when that paper was
started by printers who had been discharged from
the Troy ' l*ress for refusing to leave the union; was
for several years the city editor of that journal; and
in l885-'£6was President of the Local Board of Civil
Service Examiners. He was a member of Assembly
in 1886, serving on the Committeeson Commerce and
Navigation, Printing and Joint Library ; and in 1887
serving on Commerce and Navigation, Public Edu-
cation, Public Printing, and Joint Library. He was
a member of the last Senate, serving on the Com-
mittees on Canals, Miscellaneous Corporations, State
Prisons and Erection and Division of Towns and
Counties ; and was elected to the present Senate by



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