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a plurality of 3,474, his opponents being James C.
Rogers (,Rep.) and Frederick 0. Ives (Pro.) His
plurality in 1887 was 2,818.

Seyenteenth District.

(County of Albany. Population 147, 530. )

NORTON CHASE (Dem.), of Albany. Mr. C.
was born in Albany, September 3, 1861, of American
parentage. He graduated from the Albany Academy
in 1^78, and then attended Yale College, In 1882 he
graduated from the Albany Law School with the
degree of LL. B. , and has since practiced law, asso-
ciated with Judge Samuel Hand and F.B.Delehanty.
He has always been a Democrat; was a member of
Assembly in 18^6; and was chosen to the Senate by a
majority of 3,151 Over George II. Treadwell (Rep.)
Th>- Republican plurality in 1887 was 8, Mr. Chase
being the defeated candidate.

Eighteenth District.

(Counties of Saratoga, Fulton, Hamilton, Montgom-
ery and Schenectady. Population, 146,995.)

HARVEY J. DONALDSON (Rep. ). of Ballston.
Mr. D. was horn in Washington county, N. Y , in
1848, and received his education in the common
schools of Montgomery and Albany counties. Until
1880 he was a contractor, and since a manufacturer
of paper. At present he is not engaged in any busi-
ness. He is a Director of the First National Bank
of Ballston and the Citizens' National Bank of Sara-
toga Springs. lie had never held a public office
until his election to the Assembly of 18S8. He was
a Member ot Assembly in 1888, serving on the Com-
mitters on Excise, Game Laws, Trade and Manufac-
tures and Grievances; in 1889, serving as Chairman
of Trade and Manufactures, and member of Claims
and Game Laws : and was elected to the Senate by a
majority of 11,294 over Thomas Morphy (Pro.), the
Df-mof-rats making no nomination. The Democratic
plurality in 1887 was 3,743.

Nineteenth District.

(Counties of Clinton, Essex and Warren. Popula-
tion, 107,550.)
LOUIS W. EMERSON (Rep), of Warrensburgh,
Warren county. Mr. E. was born at Warrens-



burgh, July 25, 1857 ; educated at Warrensburgh
Academy ; is engaged in manufacturing ; and was
elected to the Senate by a majority of 4,609 over
Henry D. Graves (Dem.) The' Republican candi-
date in 1887 was chosen without opposition.

Twentieth District.

(Counties of Franklin, Lewis and St. Lawrence.
Population, 144,941.)

GEORGE Z. ERWIN (Rep.), of Potsdam, St
Lawrence county. Mr. E. was born at Madrid, St.
Lawrence county, January 15, 1840 ; educated at St.
Lawrence Academy, Potsdam, and Middlebury (Vt.)
College, graduating in 1865 ; was formerly a farmer ;
is now a lawyer ; has always been an earnest Repub-
lican ; was a member of Assembly in 1882, serving on
the Committee on Ways and Means. Sub-Committee
of the Whole, and the Special Committee to investi-
gate receiverships ; in 1883, serving on Ways and
Means, Railroads and Privileges and Elections: in
1884, serving as Chairman of Banks, and member of
Ways and Means, Privileges and Elections, and the
Special Committee to investigate the Public Works
Department of New York city ; in 1885, serving as
Speaker of the House ; in 1886, serving as Chairman
of Ways and Means and Rules, and member of Pub-
lic Education and Expenditures of the House ; and
in 1887, serving as Chairman of Ways and Means and
Rules, and member of Federal Relations and Expen-
ditures of the House. He was a member of the last
Senate, serving on the Committees on Finance, Ju-
diciary, Insurance, Taxation and Retrenchment,
Public Buildings and Privileges and Elections, being
Chairman of the latter, and was elected to the pres-
ent Senate by a plurality of 8,481, his opponents
being Calvin S. Fletcher (Dem.) and H. S. Hendee
(Pro. ) His plurality in 1887 was 8,496.

Twenty-first District.

(Counties of Oswego and Jefferson. Population,
143,977.)

GEORGE B. SLOAN (Rep.), of Oswego. Mr. S.
was born in the city of Oswego, June 20,1831. His
father, James Sloan, was a native of Massachusetts
and emigrated to this State in 1825. His mother was
of New Hampshire birth. After receiving a good
common school education, he, at the age of fourteen,
commenced a business training. After passing
through the elementary steps of a business career
as a clerk he became associated with other gentle-
men as a partner, and after an experience of a few
years in which he was successful, in connection with
Theodore Irwin, the well-known firm of Irwin &
Sloan was established. This firm continued through
a period of twenty years, and enjoyed a widely-ex-
tended reputation for probity and sagacity. The
transactions ot this firm were carried on with the
West and Canada, and were principally confined to
dealing in the cereal productions of those sections.
During the existence of the firm, the business was
always prosperous, and in 1882 Mr. Irwin and Mr.
Sloan both relinquished their interests in order that
they might pass into the hands of the junior part-
ners, who had come into the firm at different periods,
and had grown to be efficient in the management of
its affairs. The founders of the house did not sever
their business relations with each other, however,
but continue to be jointly interested in various local
enterprises. They own the controlling interests in
two extensive manufacturing establishments in Os-
wego, as well as the Second National Bank of that
city, and of which Mr. Sloan is President. It may
be mentioned, as not a little unusual, that in all of
the transactions between Mr. Irwin and Mr. Sloan,
extending over so many years, and involving im-
mense sums of money, that no written agreement or
memorandum was ever passed between them. They
have always relied upon each other implicitly, and
neither has ever hsd occasion to regret in conse-
quence. Mr. Sloan is a director of the Oswego Shade
Cloth Company, member of the local board of the
State Normal School at Oswego, and trustee of the



Evening Journal Almanac, 1891.



153



New York State Idiot Asylum at Syracuse. In pol-
itics he has always been an active Republican. His
first Presidential vote was cast for General Fremont
In 1856, and he lias always since supported Republi-
can candidates and measures. lie was a member of
Assembly in 1&71, *7t>, '77 and '7'.', serving the first
vear on the Committees on Canals, Insurance and
Privileges and Elections; the second, as Chairman
of Ways and Means and member of Insurance, and
the fourth as Chairman of Ways and Means. In
1877 he was Speaker of the House. He was a mem-
ber of the Senate of 1885-7, serving as Chairman of
the Committee on Finance, and member of Canals
and Rules. He was a member of the last Senate,
serving as Chairman of the Committees on Finance
and Rules, and member of Canals; and was re-
elected by a plurality of 3.996, his opponents being
Geo. E. Morse (I)em.) and Charles C. Bacon (Pro.)
His majoritv in 1885 was 4,705, and his plurality in
1887 was 4,754.



Twenty- second District.

(Oneida county. Population, 113,907.)

nENRY J. COGGESIIALL (Rep.), of Waterville.
Mr. C. was born at Waterville, Oneida county, N.
Y.,of New England ancestry, April 28,1845. His
early education was obtained at the seminary in his
native village, from which he graduated in 1862.
Soon after his graduation he began the study of law
with E. H. Lamb, Esq., at Waterville ; was admitted
to the bar In 1806, and has since practiced law at
Waterville. He was Assistant District Attorney of
Oneida county, 1869-'72, and County Clerk. 1880-'83.
He is a ready and pleasing speaker, of decided popu-
larity, and possesses wide repute as a lecturer. He
was a member of Assembly in 1873, serving on the
Committees on Judiciary and Manufacture of Salt;
was a member of the Senate in 18S4-*85, serving as
Chairman of the Committee on Miscellaneous Cor-
porations and member of Judiciary, Commerce and
Navigation. Canals, Public Buildings and Engrossed
Bills; in 1886-'87, serving as Chairman of Miscella-
neous Corporations and member of Judiciary ; in
18S8-'89, serving as Chairman of Miscellaneous Cor-
porations and member of Railroads and Grievances :
and was elected to the present Senate by a majority
of 1,040 over James H. Flanagan (Dem.) His plurality
in 1887 was 1,212. In the Senate, he advocated and
passed the bills to abolish the State paper ; to pro-
hibit the adulteration of food ; to prefer soldiers in
civil service examinations ; to exempt disabled
soldiers from poll tax ; to make the 30th of May a
legal holiday ; to abolish imprisonment of insolvent
debtors; to- prohibit employment of children under
13 years of age in manufactories, and to regulate the
hours of labor therein; to prohibit the use of sub-
stitutes for hops in the manufacture of ale and beer;
to prohibit the manufacture and sale of oleomarga-
rine ; and to substitute electricity in place of hang-
ing in the execution of criminals.



Twenty-third District,

(Counties of Herkimer. Madison and Otsego. Popu-
lation, 133,997.)

TITUS SHEARD (Rep.), of Little Falls, Herkimer
county. Mr. S. was born at Batley, Yorkshire, Eng-
land, October 4, 1841 ; emigrated to this country in
1856, and received his education in the common
schools of Little Falls. During his youth he worked
in woolen mills in England and America, and is now
a manufacturer of woolen knit goods. He has alwavs
been a Republican , was a member of Assembly,
1878-79 and '84, serving as Speaker the latter year;
and was elected to the Senate by a plurality of 2,697,
Ids opponents being A. Beekman Cox (Dem.) and
M. Elwood (Pro.) The Republican plurality in 1887
was 1.317. The nominating convention held in Utica,
in 1889, continued nearly three weeks, Mr. Sheard
being nominated on the 781st ballot.



Twenty- fourth District.

(Counties of Broome, Chenango and Delaware.
Population, 129,999.)

EDMUND O'CONNOR (Rep.), of Binghamton,
Broome county. Mr. (). was horn near Mallow,
County Cork, Ireland, November, 1848. In the
spring of 1851, with his parents, he emigrated to the
United States, and settled at Little Falls. Herkimer
county, N. Y., where he remained until August,
1873. His parents were in humble circumstances,
and by the death of his father in the spring of 1862.
he was thrown upon his own resources. In early
youth he was sent to parochial and public schools,
but by working in the hammer shops and railroad
blachsmitta shops at Little Falls. N. Y., he managed
to save sufficient means to enable him to attend
several terms at the Little Falls Academy, and after-
ward at the Academy at Delhi. N. Y. .where he
graduated in the spring of 1808. Both of these acad-
emies were then private institutions under the
charge of Prof. Miller, brother of the present U. S.
attorney-general. He commenced reading law in
the office of Judge Rollin II. Smith at Little Falls,
N. Y., in the fall of 1869, and was admitted to tin-
bar at Oswego, N. Y., in October, 1870, since which
time he has practiced his profession. In August,
1873, he removed to Binghamton, N. Y., where he
now resides. In 1880, he was appointed by Governor
Cornell one of the trustees of the '•Binghamton
Asylum for the Chronic Insane," which position he
still holds. Since 1881, he has been Chairman of the
Auditing Committee of the Board of Trustees, and
as such over a million dollars has passed under his
supervision. This is the only office he had ever
heH prior to his election as Senator. He was elected
to the Senate by a plurality of 4,160, his opponents
being Frederick A. Shaw (Dem.) and R. F. Thomp-
son (Pro.) The Republican plurality in 1887 was
4,311. Mr. O. received the senatorial nomination
without opposition.

Twenty-fifth District.

(Counties of Cortland and Onondaga. Population,
137,723. )

FRANCIS HENDRICKS (Rep.), of Svracuse. Mr.
H. was born in Kingston, Ulster county, November
23, 1834 ; eaucated at common schools and Albany
Academy; is a merchant; was a member of the
Board of Fire Commissioners of Syracuse, 1877, 78,
and Mayor of Syracuse, 1880, '81. He was a member
of Assembly in 1>S4, serving as Chairman of the Com-
mittee on State Charitable Institutions and member
of Cities and Indian Affairs; and in 1885, serving as
Chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs and
member of Cities and State Charitable Institutions,
and also Chairman of the Special Committee to in-
vestigate matters in connection with the State ami
Adirondack Surveys. He was a member of the Sen-
ate in 1886-'87, serving as Chairman of Cities, and
member of Miscellaneous Corporations, Grievances
and Manufacture of Salt; in 1888-'89. serving as
Chairman of Cities and member of Salt, and was re-
elected to the present Senate by a plurality of 5.950,
his opponents being Jabez 11. Norton (Dem.) and
Henry O. Sibley (Pro.) His plurality in 1885 was
5,169, and in 1887 it was 6,193.

Twenty-sixth District.

(Counties of Cayuga, Seneca, Tioga and Tompkins.
Population, 153,171.)
THOMAS HUNTER (Rep.), of Sterling. Cayuga
county. Mr. H. was born in Baltimore. Md., Sep-
tember 11. 183 1 : received a common-school educa-
tion ; was formerly a railroad contractor and lum-
berman, and is now a contractor and fanner. He
enlisted August 7, 1862, as a private in Co. F. 110th
Kegiment, N. Y. Vols.; promoted to Lieutenant
August 25, 1862, and Captain in 1863. He has always
been a Republican; was a member of Assembly in
1881 and 1.882, serving on the Committees on Public
Health and \\ ays and Means, and was prominent in
the selection of successors to Senators Conkllng and



i54



Evening Journal Almanac, 1891.



Piatt, who had resigned. He was chosen to the
Senate bv a plurality of 2.771. his opponents being
John D/Teller (Dem.land J. C. Andrews (Pro.)
The Republican plurality in 1837 was 4,363.

Twenty-seventh District.

(Counties of Allegany, Chemung and Steuben.
Population, 157,523.)

J. SLOAT FASSETT (Rep.), of Elmira. Mr. F.
was born in Elrnira. November 13, 1853. He was
educated at the Grammar and High Schools of El-
mira ; Rochester University, 1871-5, taking the senior
prize for the best essay ; and Heidelberg University,
German v, 1882, '83. He is a lawyer, and was ap-
pointed "District Attorney of Chemung county in
1879, in place of A. Robertson, resigned, and served
one vear. He is also a trustee of Cook Academy,
and is a trustee of Rochester University. He served
as Secretary of the Republican National Committee
and of the" Executive Committee during the cam-
paign of 1888. He was a member of the Senate in
1884-85, serving as Chairman of the Committees on
Commerce and Navigation and Joint Library, and
member of Insurance, Public Expenditures and
Grievances ; in lS86-'87, serving as Chairman of In-
surance, and member of Finance, Engrossed Bills
and Joint Library ; in 1888-'89, serving as Chairman
of Insurance and member of Finance, Commerce
and Navigation and Joint Library; and re-elected by
a pluralitv of 6,479, his opponents being A. W.
Chamberlain (Dem.) and George L. Boynton (Pro.)
Senator Fassett is the first in his district to be
elected for four consecutive terms. His plurality in
1887 was 1,560; in 1885 it was 3,019, and in 1883 it was
2,301. Mr. F. was Chairman of the Special Aque-
duct Investigation Committee; and was chosen
President pro tern, of the Senate at the opening of
the sessions of 1888 and 1890.

Twenty-eighth District.

(Counties of Ontario, Schuyler, Wayne and Yates.
Population, 136,226. )

CHARLES T. SAXTON (Rep.), of Clyde. Mr. S.
was born at Clyde, July 2, 1846. He was educated
at Clyde High School, where he prepared for college,
but the war breaking out he enlisted in the 90th N.Y.
Vols., November 19, 1861, at the age of fifteen, and
served until February, 1866. He was engaged in the
Port Hudson and Red River Campaigns in Louisiana,
and Shenandoah Valley Campaign in Virginia in
1864, and was less than twenty years of age when
discharged, with the rank of Sergeant-Major. He is
a lawyer, having been admitted to the bar in 1867 ;
was Justice of the Peace, 1873-77 ; Clerk of Clyde
village, 1873, '74; Trustee, 1876, '77; and President of
the village in 1876. Has been delegate to several
State Conventions; was alternate to the National
Convention in 1884 at Chicago, and has delivered
addresses upon various public occasions, chief
among them being a Memorial Day address in Al-
bany, May 31, 18S8. He was a member of Assembly
in 1887, serving as Chairman of Grievances, and
member of Judiciary, Public Health and Two-thirds
and Three-fifths Bills; elected to the Assembly of
1883 by a plurality of 345, serving as Chairman of
Judiciary, and member of Public Education, Excise
and Rules, and of the Special Committee to devise
improved methods of legislation. During the ses-
sion of 1888 he was identified with the Electoral Re-
form Bill, which passed both houses, but was vetoed
by Gov. Hill ; bad charge of the bill to provide for
the infliction of the death penalty by electricity,
which became a law ; and of the Fassett Anti-Brib-
ery Bill, which passed both houses, but failed to
receive the Governor's approval. He was elected to
the Assembly of 1889, and served as Chairman of Ju-
diciary, and member of Public Education and Rules,
and introduced and advocated the Ballot Reform
Bill that passed both houses and received the veto of
the Governor. He was chosen to the Senate by a
plurality of 4,154, his opponents being Martin J. Sun-
derlin (Dem.) and Win, R. Hunt (Pro.) In the
Legislature of 1887, Mr. S.made an argument, which
was widely quoted, in opposition to constitutional



objections to the Crosby High License Bill raised by
Governor Hill, and was instrumental in securing the
passage of several important acts, among them
being the bill providing for the distribution of the
Code of Public Instruction to the school districts of
the State, and a bill appropriating $10,000 to con-
struct a lift bridge across the Erie canal at Clyde.
He was a member of the important committee of
five appointed to investigate the subject of telephone
charges, which made an exhaustive report to the
Legislature of 1888. He also introduced in the
Senate the Ballot Reform Bills, which finally re-
ceived the signature of the Governor, and became
laws.

Tweuty-ninth District.

(Counties of Monroe and Orleans. Population,
164,511'.)
DONALD McNAUGHTON (Dem.), of Rochester,
Monroe county. Mr. M. was born at Mumford,
Monroe county, March 29, 1830. His parents came
from Perthshire, Scotland. He was educated in the
district schools of Mumford until he was sixteen
years of age ; was formerly a millwright and clerk,
and is now a lawyer. In 1864, the citizens of the
town of Wheatland presented him with a law li-
brary. He is Secretary and Treasurer of the Roches-
ter and State Line R. R., and was connected with
its construction against determined opposition. He
has always been a Democrat ; has been a delegate
to State, county and district conventions; was Su-
pervisor of the town of Wheatland eight years, serv-
ing as Chairman one year. He was a member of the
last Senate, serving on the Committees on Railroads,
Cities and Canals, and was re-elected by a plurality
of 371, his opponents being William A.Sutherland
(Rep. ) and John J. Rvan (Pro.) His plurality in
1887 was 529.

Thirtieth District.

(Counties of Genesee, Livingston, Niagara and Wy-
oming. Population, 153,614. )

GREENLEAF SCOTT VAN GORDER (Rep.),
of Pike, Wyoming county. Mr. V. was born at
York, Livingston county, N. Y. , June 2, 1S55. His
paternal ancestors were Holland Dutch, and his ma-
ternal ancestors Scotch and Irish. His parents
were natives of this State. He was educated in
the common schools, Angelica Academy and the
Academic Department of Alfred University ; worked
upon farms and taught school to get means to
study law. He was admitted to the bar June 15,
1877, at Buffalo, and has since practiced law. He is
a member and Past Master of Triluminar Lodge
No. 543. of Pike, and a member of Wyoming Chapter
No. 181, of Warsaw, Keystone Council No. 20, of
Buffalo, and Batavia Commandery No. 34, Knight
Templars. He has always been a Republican ; has
been Trustee of Pike Seminarv since December, 1882 ;
was Town Clerk of Pike, 1878-'81 ; Supervisor, 1883-
'87 ; was a member of Assembly in 1888. serving as
Chairman of the Committees on Manufacture of Salt,
and member of Judiciary and Expenditures of the
Executive Department. In the Assembly he secured
the defeat of the bill appropriating $20,000 for the
Onondaga Salt Springs Reservation, and inaugurated
a movement to sell the Reservation. He was re-
elected to the Assembly of 1889, serving on the same
Committees; and was elected to the Senate by a
plurality of 2,883, his opponents being John H. Buch
(Dem. ) and Alva Carpenter (Pro.) The Republican
plurality in 1887 was 3,705.

Thirty-first District.

(County of Erie. Population, 199,570.)

JOHN LAUGHLIN (Rep.), of Buffalo (32 ami
34 Haven Building). Mr. L. was born at Newstead,
Erie county, of Irish parentage, March 14, 1856. He
lived on a farm until he was eighteen, attending dis-
trict schools ; in 1874 he entered Lockport Union
School and remained there for three years and six
months. In 1878 he left school to begin the study
of law in the office of Hon. Richard Crowley, of
Lockport, at that time United States District Attor-
ney for the Northern District of New York. In



Evening Journal Alma?iac y 1891.



155



April, 1880, when Mr. Crowley removed to Buffalo.
i Mr. L. accompanied him, and was admitted to the
; har in October of the same year. Subsequently he
' entered into partnership with Mr. Crowley, which
continued until the latter removed to New York.
Afterward he associated with aim .Joseph K. Kwell
and Daniel Mcintosh, under the firm name of Laugh-
| lin, Ewell & Mcintosh, which still continues. Mr,
L. defended Mrs. Ilattie Penseyres in her trial for
the murder of her husband in May and June. 1887,
and it was due to his exertions that her life was
saved, and a verdict in the second degree rendered
by the Jury. He served four years in the Niagara
Light Quanta, a separate company of State Militia.
He was a delegate to the Republican National Con-
vention held in Chicago in 1888, and was one of the
most enthusiastic adherents of Chauncey M. Depew
in the New York delegation, being the last man to
leave him. He took an active part in the subse-
quent campaign, making more than fifty speeches
in Western New York. He was a member of the
last Senate, serving as Chairman of the Committee
on Canals, and member of Judiciary, Miscellaneous
Corporations, Indian Affairs and Game Laws, and
was re-elected by a plurality of 2,579, his opponents
being Matthias Ruhf (Dem.), and John A. Thomp-
son (Pro.) Mr. L ,'s opponent, Mr. Ruhf. was a
strong and popular man, and drew a large German
vote. His plurality in 1887 was 4,301.

Thirty-second, district.

(Counties of Cattaraugus and Chautauqua. Popula-
tion, 113,346.)

COMMODORE P. VEDDER (Rep.), of Ellicotts-
ville. Mr. Y. was born at Ellicottsville, February
23, 1838. He attended the Springville Academy,
1859-61 ; is a law)'er, and has been a farmer, sailor,
schoolmaster and soldier. He was a Democrat until
the firing upon Fort Sumter; enlisted as a private
in the 154th N. Y. Vols, in August, 1862 ; remained



therein until the close of the war ; promoted First
Lieutenant, Captain and Brevet Major, TJ. S. A., for
gallant and meritorious services at Lookout Moun-
tain, and Lieut.-Col. for gallant conduct in the cam-
paign to Atlanta. He was in the battles of Chan-
cellorsville, Wauhatchie, Lookout Valley Lookout
Mountain or Chattanooga, Rocky-faced Ridge, Siege
of Savannah, with Sherman in his march to the sea,
and through the Carolinas and Bentonville, and also
spent two weeks in Libby prison. He was Register
in Bankruptcy from 1867 to 1875, when he resigned ;
was Assessor of Internal Revenue from May 10, I860,
until May 4, 1871 ; was a member of the Assembly in
1872, '73, "74, '75, serving the first year on the Com-
mittees on Judiciary and Two-thirds and Three-
fifths Bills, anil Chairman of the Committee to draft
Articles of Impeachment against Judge Barnard,
acting as manager of the subsequent trial of that offi-
cial. In 1873 he was Chairman of Civil Divisions and
member of Judiciary. In 1874 he was Chairman of
Privileges and Elections and Local and Special Laws,
and member of Judiciary and Canals. In 1875 he
was a member of Judiciary and Indian Affairs. He
was appointed State Assessor March 9, 1880, and
served until March, 1883. He was a member of the
Senate in 1876-'77, serving as Chairman of Indian
Affairs and Internal Affairs of Towns and Counties,
and member of State Prisons ; of the Senate of 1884-



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