George Thomas Little.

Genealogical and family history of the state of Maine; (Volume 3) online

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(;enealo(;ical and family history





Librarian of Bowdoin College Vice-President Maine Genealogical Society

Member Maine Historical Society Honorary Member Minnesota Historical Society

Member American Historical Association Member of Council, American Library Association

Author "Little Genealogy"



State Historian Chaplain of National Home, Togus



Librarian Maine Genealogical Society





Copyriglit, 1909,


New York., 24 4 (",8
JUL 23 f909


The narrative here writ-
RICHARDSON ten concerns the family
and descendants of one
of three immigrant brothers, all of English
birth and parentage, who came to New Eng-
land and were among the first settlers in the
plantation at Woburn in the colony of Massa-
chusetts Bay. They were Ezekiel, Samuel
and Thomas Richardson, sons of Thomas and
Katherine (Durford) Richardson, of West
Mill, Herts, England, whose marriage is re-
corded as of date August 24, 1590, and whose
children were baptized in the parish church at
West Mill. It is with the second of these
brothers and his descendants that we have
particularly to deal in these pages.

(I) Samuel, son of Thomas and Katherine
(Durford) Richardson, of West Mill, Herts,
England, was baptized December 22, 1602
(or 1604), and died in Woburn, Massachu-
. setts. March 23, 1658. He was the last of
the three brothers to come to America. He
inherited lands from his father and was ex-
ecutor of his will, his father having died after
March 4, 1630, the date of his last will and
testament. This business perhaps may have
delayed his coming over, for the will was not
probated until 1634, and it was not until after
1635 that Samuel Richardson and his young-
est brother Thomas sailed for New England.
He appears first in Charlestown, Massachu-
setts, in 1636, and in 1640 was one of the
signers of the town orders in Woburn. In
1642 he was one of the founders of the church
in Woburn, and in 1644 and several times
afterward was selectman of the town, and his
name appears in the first tax list there in 1645.
In that year he paid the highest tax of any
settler in Woburn. In 1637-38 Samuel Rich-
ardson was admitted to the church in Qiarles-
town, and November 5, 1640, he was chosen
with his brothers, Ezekiel and Thomas, and
others, as commissioners for the settlement of
a church in the north part of Charlestown,
and the part of the mother town which was
set off to form the new town of Woburn ; and
when the church was established in Woburn
in August, 1642, Samuel Richardson and his
brothers, with four others, formed the nu-

cleus around which the church itself was built
up in its early membership and found its early
support. Samuel Richardson died in Woburn,
March 23, 1658, and it may be said of him
that he was one of the most useful men of the
town in his time. The baptismal name of his
wife was Joanna, but her family name is not
known. She bore her husband eight children :
I. Mary, baptized February 25, 1637-38, mar-
ried Thomas Mousall. 2. John, baptized No-
vember 12, 1639, married (first) Elizabeth
Bacon; (second) Mary Pierson ; (third) Mar-
garet Willing. 3. Hannah, born March 8,
1641-42, died April 8, 1642. 4. Joseph, born
July 27, 1643, married Hannah Green. 5.
Samuel, born May 22, 1646. 6. Stephen, born
August 15, 1649, married Abigail Wyman. 7.
Thomas, born December 31, 1651, died Sep-
tember 27, 1657. 8. Elizabeth.

(II) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) and
Joanna Richardson, was born in Woburn,
Massachusetts, May 22, 1646, died there April
29, 1 712. He lived about one mile north of
the present village of Winchester. He was a
soldier of King Philip's war, and on April 10,
1676, his family was attacked by Indians and
three of its members were killed. On the
afternoon of that day Mr. Richardson and one
of his sons was at work in a field, and observ-
ing a commotion near the house he hastened
there only to find that his wife Hannah and
son Thomas had been slain by the savages.
The house had been plundered of much of its
most needed belongings, and a further search
revealed the fact that his infant daughter Han-
nah had also been killed. Her nurse had fled,
carrying the child in her arms, and went in the
direction of the neighboring garrison house,
but being closely pursued she dropped the in-
fant in order to save herself, and it was slain
where it fell. The father pursued the In-
dians with a party of men and overtook them
in the woods near the edge of a swamp, where
they had seated themselves, and immediately
fired upon them, wounding one of the Indians
fatally, as the body was afterward found bur-
ied under the leaves where his companions
had laid him. The fact of his being wounded
was shown by traces of blood which led to the




place of concealment after being shot; and at
this place the Indians left behind ihem a bun-
dle of linen in which was found the scalps of
one or more of their victims. . .

Samuel Richardson married (first) Martha
. who died December 20, 1673; (sec-
ond) September 20. 1674. Hannah Kingsley,
who was killed bv the Indians, April 10, 1676;
(third) November 7, 1676, Phebe, daughter of
Deacon Baldwin. She died October 20, 1679.
and he niarried (fourth) Sarah, daughter of
Nathaniel Mavward, of Maiden. She sur-
vived him and died October 14, 1717. Sam-
uel Richardson had in all fifteen children, four
by his first wife, one by his second wife, one
by his third wife, and nine by his fourth wife :
I. Samuel, born November 5, 1670, married
(first) Susannah Richardson; (second) Es-
ther r -. 2. Thomas, twin with Samuel,

killed by Indians, April 10, 1676. 3. Eliza-
beth, bon about 1672, married Jacob Wyman.
4. Martha, born December 20. 1673, died No-
vember ( . 1677. 5. Hannah, born April 11,
1676, kii'.td by Indians, April 10, 1676. 6.
Zachariah, born November 21, 1677, married,
February 14. 1699- 1700, Mehitable Perrin. 7.
Thomas! born August 18, 1681, died Septem-
ber 9, 168 1. 8. Sarah, born August 20, 1682,
married William Chubb. 9. Thomas, born
September 25, 1684, married Rebecca Wy-
man. 10. Ebenezer, born March 15, 1686-87.
J I. Infant son, born August 17. 1689, died
same day. 12. Hannah, born .August 11, 1690,
married Pratt. 13. Eleazer, born Feb-
ruary 10, 1692-93. 14. Jonathan, born July
16. 1696, married Abigail Wyman. 15. David,
born April 14, 1700.

(Ill) David, youngest of the fifteen chil-
dren of Samuel (2) and Sarah (Ilayward)
Richardson, was born in Woburn, Massachu-
setts, April 14, 1700, died in 1770. He was
a blacksmith by trade, and lived during the
greater part of his life in the town of Newton,
Massachusetts, where he died. He married
(first) May 21, 1724, Esther, daughter of Ed-
ward Ward, of Newton ; she died February 26,
1725. Married (second) October 19, 1726,
Remember, daughter of Jonathan Ward, and
cousin of his first wife; she died in August,
1760. Married (third) January 28, 1762. Abi-
gail, daughter of Joseph Holden, of West-
minster; she died .August 5, 1777. David
Richardson had fifteen children: i. Esther,
born 1725, married, November 15, 1750, Elisha
Fuller. 2. Edward, born February 26, 1726.
Children by .second wife: 3. Jonathan, born
July I, 1727, married, October 31, 1751, Mary

Woodward. 4. Lydia, born about 1730, mar-
ried. January 16. 1755, Abijah Fuller. 5.
David, born February 24, 1732. 6. Samuel,
born .April 25, 1734, married (first) Decem-
ber II, 1760, Sarah Parker; (second) Febru-
ary 6, 1764, Sarah Holland. 7. Jeremiah,
born March 13, 1736, married. May 7, 1761,
Dorcas Hall. 8. Moses, born May 17, 1738,
married, April 26, 1763, Lydia Hail. 9. Cap-
tain Aaron, born Oclober 2, 1740, married
Ruth Stingley. 10. Abigail, born May 16,
1743, married, March 28, 1765, Aaron Fiske.
II. Ebenezer. torn June 14, 1745. married.
May 3, 1770, Esther Hall. 12. Elizabeth, born
September 15, 1748, married, January 18,
1770, Daniel Richards. 13. Thaddeus, born
May 29, 1750, married Ivlary Sanborn. 14.
Sarah, born August 25, 1755. 15. Mary, born
March 23, 1757.

(IV) David (2), son of David (i) and
Remember (Ward) Richardson, was born in
Newton, Massachusetts, February 24, 1732,
died in Monmouth, Maine, May 27, 1825. He
made his home in Newton until about the time
of his second marriage, then removed to Pear-
sontown, now Standish, Maine, lived there
from 1778 to 1807, when he took up his resi-
dence in the town of Monmouth. He married
(first) February 13, 1755, Mary Hall, born
March 7, 1734, died 1775, daughter of Ed-
ward and I\Iary (Miller) Hall, of Newton.
Married (second) September 20, 1778, Han-
nah Mills, born June 3, 1748, died June 10.
1809. David Richardson had sixteen children,
nine by his first and seven by his second wife :

1. Sarah, born August 25, 1756, died young.

2. Mary, born March 23, 1757, married Isaac
Small. 3. Thomas, born November 2, 1758.
died young. 4. David, born March 20, 1761.
married, July i, 1784, Sarah Wiley. 5. Jo-
seph, born July 3, 1763, see below. 6. Elisha,
born March 21, 1766, married Dorothy Frost.
7. Jonathan, born September 10, 1768, mar-
ried, March 14, 1790, Mary Thomas. 8. Hul-
dah, born May 13, 1771, married, September
I, 1 79 1, Ephraim Brow'n. 9. Edward, born
1773, died young. 10. Ilannah, born August
4, 1779, married Captain Jonathan Moore. 11.

Esther, twin with Hannah, married

Rich. 12. Sarah, born .Vpril 27, 1781, died
1786. 13. Thomas, born April 27, 1781, twin
with Sarah, married (first) Mary Ayer; (sec-
ond) Mary Dearborn. 14. Nancy, born Octo-
ber 8, 1782, married Captain Artemas Rich-
ardson. 15. Lucy, born October 8, 1782, twin
with Nancy, married Philip Ayer. 16. Wil-
liam, born September 4. 1784. married Lydia






uary 5, i860, married Walter C. Allen and
had one child. Blanche, who died at three years
of age. 10. Phoebe Maria, born Baldwin, Feb-
ruary 16, 1862, died April 14, 1870. 11.
George Parker, born Baldwin, December 20,
1866, married Annie Fitzgerald and had How-
ard T., George E. and Mabel F.

(V'lII) John Samuel, son of Hon. Daniel
Thompson and Eliza Ann (Sawyer) Richard-
son, was born in Baldwin, Maine, .August 25,
1855. He was educated at Norway, Maine,
Institute, Phillips Exeter Academy, law office
of General Charles P. Mattocks, Portland,
Maine, and Harvard Law School, and was ad-
mitted to the Maine bar in 1884 where he
practiced until his admission to the Suffolk
bar, March 23, 1885, since which time he has
been in active practice in Boston. He began
teaching school in Maine in 1873, when only
eighteen years of age, and taught for some
years. After coming to Boston he continued
teaching in the evening schools for a period
of twenty years (until 1905), si.xteen of which
he was principal of the Dearborn evening
school. As a young man he took an active in-
terest in politics ; he served on the boards of
selectmen, asses,sors and overseers of the poor
two years, chairman one year; was elected
and served as a representative to the general
court of Massachusetts in 1893-94; was a dele-
gate to the national Republican convention in
1896; in 1898 was nomniated for district at-
torney of Suffolk county. Of over 70,000
votes cast, his opponent, Stevens, only received
2,012 majority. He acted as assistant district
attorney from June, 1906, to May, 1907; was
a member of the various city committees and
has been delegate to a large number of city
and state conventions. He is a member of
Greenleaf Lodge, No. 117, Free and Accepted
Masons, of Cornish, Maine, and of" the Golden
Cross. He married, December 31, 1884, Min-
nie J., daughter of Josiah and Margaret (Per-
rott) Bennett. Children: i. Zana Frances,
born Novem'ber 8, 1885. 2. Joseph Leland.
born March 10, 1887. 3- Jol»i Samuel Jr.,
born January 9, 1890. Joseph Leland gradu-
ated from Dartmouth College in class of 1908,
and John Samuel Jr. is now in his sophomore
year in the same college.

From an excellent account of the
SMALL Small familv, by Lauriston Ward

Small, published in the proceed-
ings of the Maine Plistorical Society, 1893,
that part of the following sketch referring to
the four earliest generations of the family is
taken ; the remainder is from other sources.

"Of the Smalls in England, some of them
were lowly ; some of them were knighted and
held high social positions ; one of whom — Sir
John — was chief justice of India; another of
whom — Colonel John — protected the Ijody of
Warren at Bunker Hill, as seen in the picture
by Trumbull. I am not now to speak. In the
year 1330 John anil William Small, of Dart-
mouth, were flatteringly mentioned in an act
under Edward III, and some of their descend-
ants seem to have resided there continuously
to this day. Just three hundred years later,
or in 1630, one or more of the Smalls, who
presumably lived in Dartmouth or other place
in Devonshire, was a cavalier of higli social
position and a kinsman of the Champer-
nownes. Sir Ferdinando Gorges, Sir John and
Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh.
The Champernovvnes were the most powerful
family in Devonshire, and were descendants
of the old Byzantine kings, hence the Smalls
of Maine, all of whom were presumably de-
scended from that cavalier of whom 1 am
speaking, can reasonably claim to have a drop
of old Byzantine blood. One of the Champer-
nowne girls married a Gilbert and became the
mother of Sir John and Sir Humphrey Gil-
bert. .\fter her husband's death she married
Raleigh, and became the mother of one of the
most brilliant men of that remarkable age. Sir
Walter Raleigh. y\ll these four noblemen and
kinsmen were much interested in American
colonization. Presumably because of kinship
and the social influences incidental thereto,
five Smalls came to America betw-een 1632 and
1640; and that one who was certainly -a cava-
lier brought with him a son of about twelve
years named Francis. They were William,
three Johns and lulward. William was un-
married and went immediately to Virginia.
Two of the Johns were in humble life. The
John who came in 1632 with Winslow, and
married Elizabeth Huggins or Higgins, and
was one of the founders of Eastham or Cape
Cod, may have been the father of Francis,
but a thousand silent tongues proclaim Ed-
ward as the man. I shall assuine that it was
Edward, it being clearly understood that I
am without positive proof."

(I) "Edward Small, the presumptive father
of Francis, came to Maine under the auspices
of his kinsman. Sir Ferdinando Gorges, about
1632, or possibly a few years later. He and
Champernowne, together with several others,
founded Piscataqua. which has since been di-
vided into the towns of Kittery, Eliot, South
Berw ick and Berwick. He was in Piscataqua
in 1640, and seems to have been there some



years. He was a magistrate in 1645. He
sold a part of liis land in 1647, and perhaps
went to Dover, New Hampshire; possibly he
went to the Isle of Shoals. All in all it is
most probable that he tired of a rough life in
the wilderness and returned to England. Tra-
dition says that he and John, the father of
Eastham,' were brothers, and many facts
strengtlicn that tradition. The name of his
wife I have not yet learned. In addition to
Francis, I am confident that he had an older
son, named Edward, who once lived in Dover,
New Hampshire."

(II) "Francis Small, who may be regardeil
as the father of the Small family in America,
was born in England in 1620, and came to
America in or about 1632. He received his
name from his famous kinsman. Captain
Francis Champernowne. In 1648 he resided
in Dover, New Hampshire, and had a wife
named Elizabeth (nee Leighton). In 1657 he
lived in Falmouth, and in July of that year
bought of the Indian chief, Scitterygusset, a
large tract of land near Portland called Ca-
pisic. In 1663 he was attorney for Falmouth
in some of the government squabbles of the
times. He was at Cape Small Point for a
time, and the place took its name from him.
In 1668 he resided in Kittery and had a house
and trading camp where the village of Cornish
now is, and his was doubtless the first house
built in that town, or on any part of the Os-
sipee lanils. In the history of Shapleigh we
find the following story, which the author
found among the old papers of Colonel Shap-
leigh. In the summer of 1668 Francis Small
sold goods to the Newichawaiinoch tribe of
Indians on credit, to be paid for in furs in
autumn, but when the time of payment drew
near, the red men deemed it easier to kill
Small than to ])ay him, and they decided to fire
his liouse and shoot him when he came out to
escape the flames. Captain Sundy, the chief
of the tribe, was friendly to Small, and told
him what the Indians were to do, and as he
could not control them in the matter he ad-
vised Small to flee for his life. Small thought
the tale a cunningly devised fable to frighten
him away in order to avoid payment, but when
night came, thinking it wise to be on the side
of safety, he secreted himself in some pines oti
a hill nearby, which I assume to have been on
the south of the present village known as Dr.
Thompson's hill, and there watched through
the long November night. With the coming
of the first gray of approaching dawn, a flame
shot up from the burning house, whereupon
Small took to his heels with all possible speed

and paused not until he reached the settle-
ment at Kittery. The chief followed Small to
Kittery, and there made good the loss by debt
and fire by selling Small the entire Ossipee
tract of land for a merely nominal sum. The
deed was made November 28, 1668, and has
the Indian signature of a turtle. It conveys
all the land between the Great Ossipee, the
Saco, the Little Ossipee and the Neihewonoch
rivers known as Ossipee, the same being
twenty miles square, that is 256,000 acres. It
is as large as a German principality. Dis-
tances were not well known in those days, and
Small soon learned that the two Ossipees were
not twenty miles apart, whereupon he sold all
the land south of the Little Ossipee and re-
served to himself Ossipee proper, which is
now divided with the towns of Limington.
Limerick, Newfield, Parsonfield and Cornish,
and constitutes the entire northern part of
York county, Maine. Aside from Capisic and
Ossipee, Francis Small bought other large
tracts of land in Maine, and was known as
"the great land owner." When the Indian
wars came on, he left his son Samuel in Kit-
tery, and with his wife and other children re-
moved to Truro. Cape Cod, which adds a bit
to the belief that John, the founder of East-
ham, was his uncle. April 30, 171 1, he deeded
Ossipee to his son Samuel. He died in Truro
or Provincetown, about 1713, aged about
ninety-three years. Of the personal appear-
ance of this greatest of his race in America,
we know nothing. He was active and alert.
Governor Sullivan in his history of Maine
says that he was one of the most enterprising
and wealthy men in the slate. His children
were : Edward, Francis, Samuel, Benjamin,
Daniel and Elizabeth."

(III) "Samuel, third son and child of Fran-
cis and Elizabeth Small, was born in Kittery,
in 1666, and seems to have spent his entire
life in that neighborhood. \\'hen his father
fled to Cape Cod to escape the Indian wars,
he remained in Maine, and his name appears
frequently upon the public records of his time,
but he was not an ambitious man like his
father. He married Elizabeth, widow of
James Chadbourne, and daughter of James
Heard. In 1711 he received from his father
a deed of the Ossipee lands, hence was the
second owner thereof. He was living in 1737
at the age of seventy-one years. His children
were : Elizabeth, Samuel and Joseph."

(IV) "Deacon Samuel (2). second child of
Samuel (i) and Elizabeth (Heard) (Chad-
bourne) Small, was born in Kittery, April 17,
1700. In that town before he was quite six-



teen years old he married Anna Hatch, and
in no very long time thereafter removed to
Scarborough, vi^here he spent all the remaining
years of his long and eventful life. His
house was opposite to and a little south of the
Black Point cemetery, and is supposed to be
the one now standing, sometimes known as the
Robinson house. In 1728, when the Old Con-
gregational Church was organized, he was
made deacon. He was the third and last single
owner of the Ossipee lands. In 1773 he
deeded the land to some of his children as fol-
lows : To Samuel and Joshua, three-eighths
each. To Anna, Elizabeth, and his grandson,
Benjamin, son of Samuel, one-twelfth each.
The three men went up to Limington and took
possession of their ancestral acres, and after
a contest in the courts, the Indian deed was
pronounced valid, and the title perfect. It
should be noted that in 1712, when Francis
was too feeble to even write his name, he
deeded Ossipee to liis son Daniel, with whom
he was then living in Provincetown, Cape
Cod, but the deed was invalid. When the
Smalls had the land tlivided into towns, they
reverentially named one of them Francis-
borough in honor of the first owner, but the
settlers changed the name to Cornish. It
should have been Smallton, as Carrollton was
named for Carroll." Deacon Samuel was
chosen clerk of Scarborough in 1727 and
filled that otfice for many years. He was very
often moderator of meetings, and usually one
of the selectmen and a member of all impor-
tant committees. Samuel Small, though sev-
enty-five years of age in 1775, was active on
the committees of correspondence, inspection
and safety. For many years his was the most
conspicuous name on the Scarborough record.
The date of his death is unknown, but his
years probably equalled those of his grand-
father, Francis. Deacon Samuel had a son
Samuel who was also a deacon, and whose
name frequently appears on the Scarborough
record prior to 1775, and to him are now
credited some acts formerly ascribed to his
father. Of Deacon Samuel's wife we know
only her name. Their children were : Sam-
uel, Anna, John, Joshua, Elizabeth, Sarah,
Benjamin, James and Mary.

(V) Samuel (3), eldest child of Samuel
(2) and Anna (Hatch) Small, was born in
Scarborough, May 26, 1718, and some time
after the outbreak of the revolution removed
to Limington. He was town clerk and held
various other town offices in Scarborough. He
married Dorothy Hubbard and had eleven

(\T) Benjamin, son of Samuel (3) and
Dorothy (Hubbard) Small, was born in Lim-
ington, August II, 1744, and died there. He
was a farmer in comfortable circumstances
and much respected by his fellow townsmen.
He married Phebe Plummer.

(VII) Benjamin (2), son of Benjamin (i)
and Phebe (Plummer) Small, was born Feb-
ruary II, 1771. He resided in Limington. He
married Mary Chase, born 1780. Children:
Benjamin, Moses, Richard, Sewell, i\Iaria,
married a Mr. AIcArthur; Nathan, Joseph and

(VIII) Colonel Richard, third son and
child of Benjamin (2) and Mary (Chase)
Small, was born September 29, 1808, died
August 18, 1882. He was a native of Lim-
ington, and resided there until he was twenty-
one years old. He then went to Buxton, where
he became a merchant. In 1845 1^^ moved to
Guildhall, Essex county, Vermont, where for
many years he was a prosperous farmer.

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