George Thomas Little.

Genealogical and family history of the state of Maine; (Volume 3) online

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While a resident of Maine he took a deep in-
terest in military affairs, in which he was
active and attained the rank of colonel in the
militia. In Guildhall he took a leading part in
local affairs, and served as selectman many
years, and twice represented the town in the
legislature. He was also associate or side
judge for some years, and was known as
Judge Small. He married Abigail Ann Jose,
born April 23, 1810, daughter of Alexander
and Sally Emery Jose, of Buxton, Maine. She
died March 8, 1898, aged eighty-seven years,
eleven months, fifteen days. Judge Small and
wife were members of the Congregational
church. Their children were: i. Sally B.,
married Ossian Ray, of Lancaster, New
Hampshire ; he was one of the leading
men in the New Hampshire bar, a Re-
publican, and served two terms in the
national house of representatives. 2. Hora-
tio N., graduated from Dartmouth Col-
lege ; soon after the beginning of the slave-
holders' rebellion he enlisted as assistant sur-
geon in the Seventeenth New Hampshire Vol-
unteer Infantry : this regiment did not leave
the state, and Dr. Small was transferred to
the Thirteenth Regiment, with wliich he saw
active service some months. He was then
made surgeon of the Tenth New Hampshire,
later brigade surgeon; remained until the end
of the war, being on the staff of General
Charles Devens, of Massachusetts, whose regi-
ment was the first to enter Richmond. After
the close of the war Dr. Small settled in
Portland, Maine, and became one of the most
popular physicians, attaining a very large



i658



STATE OF MAINE.



practice ; lie died in 1887. 3. John Chase, men-
tioned at length below. 4. Ahbie A., married
Horace I'orter. of Lancaster. X. H.

(IX) John Chase, third child and second
son of Judge Richard and Abigail Ann (Jose)
Small, was born in lUixton. .Maine, Novem-
ber 5, 1841, and at three years of age was
taken by his parents on their removal to Guild-
hall, X'ermont. He was educated in the com-
mon school, Guildhall, and in Lancaster
Academy, just across the river from his home,
in New' Ham])shire. At seventeen years of
age he returned to Maine and entered the
employ of his uncle, Charles E. Jose, a whole-
sale dealer in crockery, in i'ortland. He be-
gan as a clerk, showed an aptitude for the
business, performed his work well, pleased his
emplovers and their patrons, and in 1866 was
taken into the firm. In the twenty-two years
which followed, he put his best efforts into
the firm's business, and in 1888 saw it the
leading establishment of the kind in the state.
Withdrawing from this business, he Ijecame a
partner with another uncle. Horatio N. Jose,
dealer in lumber, under the firm name of
Bartlett Lumber Company. After remaining
there two years, he became a clerk in the em-
ploy of Richard Briggs. of Boston, an ex-
tensive dealer in china ware, and tliere spent
two years. From 1890 to December 16, 1891,
he was again engaged in the lumber business
in Portland. ( in the last mentioned date he
was appointed postmaster of Portland, the
metropolis of Maine, whose postofiice is the
most important m the state, being the deposi-
tory of all postoffices in .Maine, northern New
Hampshire and \'ermotit. This office he held
until February, 1895. While postmaster, he
was custodian of the building in which the
United .'states courts and the postoffice are
situated, and also had charge of the improve-
ments on the building. Mr. Small is an ener-
getic and practical business man, and is a
director of the West End Land .Association,
and one of the executors of the will of the
late Horatio N. Jose. From 1897 to 1905
he was special executive agent of the Mutual
Life Insurance Company, and from 1906 to
the present has been cashier of the Portland
Water Company. Mr. Small, it is hardly
necessary to state, is a Republican — one of
that kind of men who always supports the
principles of his party and never flinches. In
1908 was alderman of ward 5. In religious
sentiment he is a Unitarian. In fraternal
circles he is prominent, and is a member of
Ancient Landmark Lodge, No. 17, Ancient
and Free .Accepted Masons; Mount Vernon



Chapter, Roval Arch Masons, of which he was
high priest two vears; Portland Commandery,
No. 2, Knights Templar, in which he filled all
the offices, serving as commander for three
years: and Maine Consistory, Sublime Princes
of the Roval Secret, in which he has received
the thirtv-second degree. He is a memtx'r of
the Cumberland Club. He married, October
20, 1869, iMary S. Dresser, born in Buxton,
1850, daughter of Richard and Mary Dres-
ser, formerly of Buxton, who removed to
Portland in .Mrs. Small's childhood. Children:
I. Sally B., married John .M. Kimball, who
was superintendent of Slater's Mills, at Slat-
ersville, Rhode Island : after the mills ceased
to operate Mr. Kimball became the general
agent of the Equitable Life .Assurance Com-
pany for Eastern Massachusetts, office in Bos-
ton : he was active and efficient, and actpiired
a large business; he died in 1902. 2. Rich-
ard I)., mentioned at length below. 3. Mary
S., died young. 4. John C. Jr., resides in
Portland, selling agent for Strawbridge &
Clothier, of Philadelphia : member of the Cum-
berland Club. Unitarian in religious sentiment
and in politics Republican.

(X) Richard Dresser, second child of John
C. and Mary S. (Dresser) Small, was born in
Portland. March 15, 1872. He obtained his
primary and preparatory education in the com-
mon and high schools of Portland, and en-
tered Harvard I'niversity in 1890, graduating
in 1894. The following four years he spent
as a student at the Harvard .Medical College,
from which he received his diploma in 1898.
In 1898 and 1899 he was house surgeon in
the Worcester City Hospital, and from there
he returned to Portland, where with his ex-
cellent preparatory training he has established
an extensive practice. He is associate sur-
geon of the Maine (jeneral Hospital, and in-
structor in obstetrics and histology in tile Maine
Medical School. He is a member of the
Boyleston Medical Society, Boston; the Maine
Medical Society and the .American .Medical
Society. He is a L'nitarian in religious belief.
and a Republican in politics. He is a menilx-r
of the Cumberland Club. Dr. Small married,
1901, Grace Florence Cogswell Potter, born
in Boston, 1878, daughter of Henry Staples
and (irace (Robbins) Potter. One son. C^arle-
ton Potter Small, born October 31, 1902.

Small is an abbreviation of Smal-
SM.ALL ley, Smalle, Smalls, and Smale.

and was originally descriptive of
the stature of the person who first bore it. It
has been a family that has produced strong



STATE OF MAINE.



1659



men and handsome women who have made
their mark on the stage of action. For two
generations, father and son were country
physicians, that noblest of professions, tliat re-
lieves the sufferings of humanity, sympathizes
with their misfortunes and vexations of spirit.
The old family physician ! He knew the se-
crets of every home and the skeletons in the
closets, but he was mutely noncommittal about
other people's affairs, and no breath of scan-
dal ever escaped from his sealed lips. Ex-
posed to the inclemency of the weather in all
hours of the day and night, much of his work
he did gratuitously. He had a kind word for
everybody, and was solicitous for their wel-
fare. He was more than a physician to the
body, he was a comforter to the spirit, he was
a friend, guide and counselor as well, often
consulted in matters material. He knew every-
body, and everybody knew him. He was pres-
ent at the birth of every child born in town
during the period of his active practice, and
he attended them in their ailments, and of
many of them it may be said lie closed their
eyes in death. Long will live in memory the
sweet old country physician. He was the
friend in whom was no guile, whose bosom
was transparent and deep ; in the bottom of
whose heart was rooted every tender and sym-
pathetic virtue, every kindly emotion.

(I) The paternal ancestor of the people we
now have in hand was John Small, who was
in Plymouth, Massachusetts, as early as 1632 ;
freeman in 1642, in which year he moved to
Cape Cod; constable in 1646; surveyor in
1649; and of the grand inquest in 1654. In
1637 he was appointed with other "honest,
lawful men" to lay out hay ground in Ply-
mouth. ]\Iarried Ann Walden in 1638. He
was living as late as 1668. He was one of
the first settlers in Eastham, Massachusetts,
and later lived in Truro, same state. Chil-
dren : Samuel, Taylor, Francis, Mary, Isabel,
Lydia and Hix.

(Ill) Taylor, who may have been a grand-
son of John and Ann (Walden) Small, was
born in Truro, Massachusetts, in 1716, mar-
ried Thankful, daughter of Thomas Ridley,
and settled in Harpswell, Maine, in 1755.
There was an island in the eastern part of
Quohaug Bay named after him. His children
were : Deborah, Thankful, Taylor, Joseph,
David, Thomas, Samuel, Ephraim, Lvdia and
IMark.

(V) The supposition is, and there is the
most reasonable ground for maintaining the
belief, that Samuel Small, who was a physi-
cian in Jay, Maine, all his life, was a grand-



son of Taylor of Harpswell. He married
Elizabeth Barnard, of Di.xfield, Maine. Chil-
dren: Harrison, Samuel F., William, Mary
Ann and Eliza.

(VI) Samuel F., second son and child of
Samuel and Elizabeth (Barnard) Small, was
born in Jay, Maine, in 1820. and died in 1881.
Educated in the schools of his native town, he
completed his schooling at the town academy,
and taught a country school several years. He
attended the Maine Medical College at Bow-
doin, graduating in 1848, and began the prac-
tice of medicine in Temple, Maine, where he
lived the greater part of his life, and where he
died. He was a Republican, and served as
selectman of Temple, represented that town in
the legislature for two terms, the last session
being in 1878. He was a member of Maine
Lodge, No. 20, Ancient Free and Accepted
Masons, at Farmington. Dr. Small married,
in 1848, Rachel C. Tuck, born in Phillips,
Maine, in 1850, and died in Farmington, Feb-
ruary 8, 1908. Children: Elizabeth, Ella and
William Wallace.

(\TI) William Wallace, youngest son and
child of Dr. Samuel F. and Rachel C. (Tuck)
Small, was born in Temple, Maine, October
10, 1857. Educated in the common schools
of that town, he concluded his studies at Wil-
ton Academy, and began business in a gen-
eral store at Temple, in which he was en-
gaged fourteen years. In 1895 he removed
to Farmington and opened a general store,
which he now operates in connection with a
grist mill. The business is now merged in a
stock company, called the W. W. Small Com-
pany, of which Mr. Small is treasurer and the
largest stockholder. Like his honored and
respected father, he is a Republican and has
served on the school committee of Farming-
ton. He is a director of the First National
Bank of Farmington, Maine. He is a mem-
ber of Maine Lodge, No. 20, Ancient Free and
Accepted Masons, of Farmington ; Franklin
Royal Arch Chapter; Jeptha Council; Pilgrim
Commandery, Knights Templar; Franklin
Lodge, No. 58, Independent Order of Odd
Fellows. Mr. Small married, in 1883, Delia,
daughter of Henry Conant, of Temple. Chil-
dren : I. Elizabeth E., born in Temple, 1884.
married Benjamin J. Woodman, of West-
brook, Maine, who is postmaster there; chil-
dren: William Small, Clyde and Rachel. 2.
James H., born in Temple, 1886, is a graduate
of the high school in Farmington, and is now
completing his studies in the academical de-
partment of Bowdoin College. 3. Frances Jo-
sephine, born in Farmington, 1889.



iC)Ch)



STATE OF .MAINE.



.\ staifinciit on early Irish
STUKGES history in a French pubhca-
tion by .-Vbbe MacGrogliegaii
in substance recites: That about the year 815,
during the reign of Conor, Turgesius, a son
of the King of Norway, landed a fleet on the
North coast of Ireland; and again about the
year 835, another fleet comniancled by the same
man landed on the west side of Lough Kca,
where he fortified himself, and after laying
waste Connaught, Meath, Leinster and the
greater part of Ulster, was declared king and
ruled about thirty years. The first accurate
records from English history is of William dc
Turges who held a grant of land from Edward
I, including the village of Turges, afterwards
called Northfield, in Northampton county,
where for many generations this family was
located. In the si.xteenlh century some of the
family settled at Clipston in the same county,
and the name became Sturges. Descent is
claimed by the .'\merican family from Roger
Sturges, of Clipston, w^hose will was dated in
1530, and wife .Mice, through his son Rich-
ard, whose first son Roger had a son Robert,
whose son Philip was of Ilannington, North-
amptonshire, whose W'ill was made in 1613.

(I) Edward Sturges, the .\merican ances-
tor, was first son of this Philip of Ilanning-
ton, and was born in England, coming to this
country in 1634, settling first at Sandwich,
Alassachusetts, and then going to Charlestown,
removing thence in 1639 to Yarmouth, Cape
Cod. He was constable at Yarmouth in 1640-
41; member of grand inquest, 1650; surveyor
of highways, 1651 ; admitted freeman, June 5,
1651 ; committeeman on the affairs of the col-
ony, 1657; constable, 1662; deputy to general
assembly, 1672. He died at Sandwich, Octo-
ber, 1695, ''"'^ ^^^s buried at Yarmouth. He
left a large estate. The following record of
children is believed to be correct: i. Alice,
born in England, December 23, 1619. 2.
Maria, born in England, October 2, 162 1. 3.
Edward, born in England, .'\pril 10, 1624. 4.
Rebecca, born in England, February 17, 1626-
27. 5. Samuel, born in Charlestown, 1638.
6. Thomas. 7. Mary, baptized in Barnstable,
January 1, 1646, married Benjamin Gorhani.
8. Elizabeth, born in Yarmouth, .April 20,
1648. 9. Sarah, married Joseph Gorman, who
w-as born at Yarmouth in 1653. 10. Joseph,
died in infancy, 1650. 11. Hannah, married
(first) a Gray and (second) Jabez Gorham,
and moved to Bristol. Rhode Island (possibly
also a son, John, born about 1624, who went
to Connecticut). Elizabeth, first wife of Ed-
ward Sturges and mother of his children, died



February 14, 1691, and he married (second)
.\pril, 1692, Mary, widow of Zachariah Rider,
the first male child born in Yarmouth of Eng-
lish parents.

(II) Edward (2), eldest son of Edward
( I ) and Elizabeth Sturges, was born in Eng-
land, .April 10, 1624. He went to A^armouth
with his father and married Temperance,
daughter of Captain John and Desire (How-
land) Gorham, and granddaughter of John
I lowland and his wife. Elizabeth Tilley,
daughter of John and Bridget (Van de \'elde)
Tilley. The last four ancestors were "Alay-
flower'' Pilgrims. Temperance Gorham was
born in Marshficld, Massachusetts, May 5,
1646. and died March 12, 1715. Edward
Sturges died December 8, 1678. His will
(nuncupative) recorded at Plymouth, June 3,
1679. left one-third of his property to his
widow and two-thirds to the children, the es-
tate being valued at nine hundred pounds — a
large one for those days. His w^idow mar-
ried (second) January 16, 1679-80, Thomas
Ba.xter and had three sons, John, Thomas and
Shubael. Children of Edward and Temper-
ance Sturges were: i. Joseph. 2. Samuel,
born 1665, married Mercy Howes. 3. James,
born 1668, married Rebecca Thatcher, died
January 3, 1718. 4. Desire, married (first)
Captain Thomas Dimmock and (second) John
Thatcher. 5. Edward, born 1673.

(III) Edward (3), fourth and youngest
son of Edward (2) and Temperance (Gor-
ham) Sturges, was born in A'armouth, 1673.
Pie married, November 25, 1703, Mchitable
Ilallelt, who died January 20, 1745. He died
January i, 1738. Their children W'Cre : i.
.Abigail, born October 25, 1706. 2. Temper-
ance, October 29, 1708. 3. Edward, July 24,
1710. 4. Jonathan, December 15, 1714. 5.
Jerusha, F""ebruary 21, 1716. 6. Mehitable,
February 16, 1718. 7. Benjamin. July i,
1721. 8. Mary. March 8, 1722. 9. Mehitable,
November 17, 1723.

(IV) Edward (4), eldest son of Edward
(3) and Alehitable (Hallett) Sturges, was
born in Yarmouth, July 24, 1710. He mar-
ried, February 3, 1730, Thankful Hedge.
They had six children: i. Temperance, born
June 23, 1731. 2. Elizabeth, .August 11,
1734- 3- James, .August 23, 1735. 4. Edward,
July 27, 1737. 5. Abigail, January 17. 1739.
6. Samuel, December 11, 1742.

(\') Edward (5), son of Edward (4) and
Thankful (Hedge) Sturges, w^as born in A'ar-
mouth, July 27, 1737. He married, in Barn-
stable, January 28, 1767, Mary Bassett. born
January 20. 1744. Children: i. Mar\. born



STATE OF MAINE.



1661



December 12, 1767. 2. Abigail, January i,
1770. 3. Samuel, April 15, 1772. 4. Thank-
ful, April 12. 1775. 5. James, October 6,
1776. 6. David, January 10, 1779, died De-
cember 6, 1882. 7. Olive, December 13, 1780.
8. Jonathan, November 26, 1782. 9. Lucy,
August 5, 1786. 10. Heman, November 9,
1789.

(VI) James, second son of Edward (5)
and I\Iary (Bassett) Sturges, was born in
Yarmouth, October 6, 1776, died November 5,
1839. He married (first) Hannah Faught
and (second) in 1813, Nancy A. Packard,
born April 27, 1794, died September 18, 1873.
Children by the first marriage were: i. John
S., born October 17, 1799. 2. Samuel, June
2, 1807. 3. Ambrose, 1809. 4. James, Alay
7, 1810. Children by the second marriage
were: 5. Ira Daggett, November 20, 1814.
6. Nancy Ann, September 27, 1817. 7. Han-
nah E., November 10, 1818. 8. Caroline ]\Ia-
tilda, August 27, 1822. 9. Emmeline P., April

15, 1825. 10. Harriet Angelia, April 10, 1832.
II. Esther Kendall, December 18, 1836, died
February, 1853. (Four daughters who died
young.)

(VH) Samuel, second son of James and
Hannah (Faught) Sturges, was born in \'as-
salboro, June 2, 1807. He married, Alarch 6,
1829, Lois Danforth, daughter of Joseph and
Mercy (Cross) Colman, and granddaughter
of John and Lois (Danforth) Colman, of
Newbury. Her immigrant ancestor was To-
bias Colman, born in Marlboro, Wiltshire,
England, in 1602, who came to Cape Cod with
the colonists in 1630 and settled on Nantucket.
Tobias Colman had a son Thomas, born ]^Iarch

16, 1672, who married Phoebe Peerson and
had a son Benjamin, born February 6, 1720,
who married Annie Brown, born April 2,
1724, and had a son John, whose son Joseph
was the father of Lois Danforth Colman.
Lois (Colman) Sturges was born April 26,
1800, and died in Lewiston, Maine, Septem-
ber 5, 1883. Her husband, Samuel, died at
Vassalboro, April 12, 1843. Their children,
all born in \'assalboro, were: i. Alercy Ann,
born September 6, 1830. 2. Hannah Jane,
November 2, 1832. 3. Almon Packard, March
6, 1835. 4. Alijert Henry, May 2, 1837. 5.
Perley Franklin, October 31, 1839. 6. Alonzo
Walton, June 16, 1842.

(VIII) Alonzo \\'alton, fourth and young-
est son of Samuel and Lois D. (Colman)
Sturges, was born in Vassalboro, June 16,
1842, and resided in Lewiston. He married,
April 4, 1867, Frances Ann IMurray, of
Greene, Maine, born August 11, 1841. She



was the great-granddaughter of Peletiah War-
ren, a soldier of the revolutionary army in
Captain John Lane's company from July 29,
to December 31, 1775; roll call dated "Cape
Ann; residence North Yarmouth, Maine";
and was the granddaughter of Nathaniel War-
ren, soldier of the war of 18 12. Peletiah War-
ren was a cousin of General Joseph Warren,
of Bunker Hill. Alonzo Walton Sturges was
educated in the public schools of Augusta and
Lewiston. :\Iaine, and the Maine State Semi-
nary (now Bates College). He early learned
the printer's trade, but in 1862-66 was en-
gaged in mercantile business in Belmont and
Boston, ^Massachusetts, Patterson and Jersey
City, New Jersey, and in New York Citv. In
1866, at the request of the late Congressman
Nelson Dingley, of Maine, he resumed work
on the Lcicistoii Journal and in 1868 became
foreman of the paper. In 1886-87 he was a
member of Lewiston city council and was in-
strumental in establishing the Lewiston Mu-
nicipal Electric Lighting Plant. He was a
member of the Lewiston school board. 1891-97,
and a member of the committee on Text-
books. He was the compiler and publisher
of the Sturges Genealogy, and was a mem-
ber of the Mayflower Society. He died Au-
gust 12, 1907, at Old Orchard Beach, where
for more than twenty-five years he had spent
his summers. He was a member, active
worker and trustee of the Hammond Street
Methodist Episcopal Church, of Lewiston.
The children of Alonzo Walton and Frances
A. Sturges were two sons: Ralph Alonzo and
Leigh Francis.

(IX) Ralph Alonzo, older son of Alonzo
Walton and Frances A. (Murray) Sturges,
was born in Lewiston, April 29, 1871. He
was educated in the public schools of Lewiston,
and from there went to Bates College and was
graduated with first honors in mathematics,
with the degree of A. B., in 1893. In 1893-
94 he was principal of the high school at
Winthrop, Maine, and in 1894-95 of the high
school at East Bridgewater, Massachusetts.
He was graduated from the law school of
Columbia L'niversity, where he was president
of his class, in 1898; was admitted to the bar
in June of that year and began practice in
the office of Bowers and Sands, New York,
after three years practicing independently.
He is a member of the Bar Association of the
City of New^ York ; New York County Law-
yers' Association ; State Bar Association ;
American Bar Association ; charter member of
Maine Society of New York ; charter member
of Bates Alumni Association of New York



i662



STATE OF MAINE.



City; member of Columbia University Club;
University Club; Xew York Yacht Club; Re-
publican Club of New York City; and is also
a Free Mason. He married, April lo. 1901,
Edith Masur\. of New York City, daughter
of the late John W. Masury, the pioneer paint
manufacturer of New York. They have four
children: Ralph Alonzo Jr.. Grace Frances,
Edith Mary and John Masury.

(IX) Leigh Francis, younger son of
Alonzo Walton and Frances A. (Murray)
Sturges. was born in Lewiston, Maine, April
3, 1874. He was educated in the public
schools of that place and was graduated from
the Nichols Latin School (president of his
class) in 1893. He entered Bowdoin College,
but did not finish his course, leaving to enter
upon the study of medicine at the University
of Pennsylvania, graduating from New York
University and Bellevue Hospital Medical Col-
lege in 1900, with the degree of Doctor of
Medicine. After serving as interne at St.
Elizabeth's Hospital, Utica, New York, for
one year, he has since been engaged in the
practice of his profession in New York City.
He is instructor in nervous and mental dis-
eases anil electro-therapeutics at New York
Post Grailuate Medical School ;- visiting phy-
sician to Post Graduate Hospital and chief of
X-Ray Clinic; also late attending surgeon at
St. Bartholomew's Clinic. Fie is a member
of the New York Academy of Medicine, New
York State Medical Society, New York
County Medical Society, .American Medical
.Association, Eastern Medical Society. Greater
New York Medical Association. American
Roentgen Ray Society and American Electro-
Therapeutic Association. He is also a mem-
ber of Sagamore Lodge, No. 371, F. and A.
M.. New York City: B. P. O. E., No. 1. New
York Citv; and m -•■"■• Societv of New York.



I nc several families of
CRAWFORD Crawfords who. early in
the eighteentii century, set-
tled in New Hampshire were of Scotch origin,
and were descendants of very ancient ances-
tiirs. The surname Crawford originally was
derived from the barony of Crawford, in
Lanarkshire, which had long been held by
feudal lonls who eventually took their title
from it. The first person bearing this sur-
name of whom there is any account in the
public reccnis was Johannes <le Crawford, who
is frequeiitlv mentioned in the Registry of
Kelso, about 1140, and from him has been
traced a long line of descendants in England
and Ireland, as well as in Scotland. During



the reign of Alexander H, Sir Reginald de
Craufurd was appointed heritable sheriff of
the shire of Ayr (.Ayrshire). His family ap-
pears to have been closely associated with the
history of Scotland down to Alexander, son of
Sir Malcolm and Margaret (Cunningham)
Crauford, who was a seafaring man and owner
of the ship in which he sailed. About 1612
he went to Ireland, and there his descendants
became numerous. It is im]X)ssible to trace
the course of the family in that country, but
it is reasonable to assume that most of the
persons of the surname in the region were



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