George Thomas Little.

Genealogical and family history of the state of Maine; (Volume 3) online

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his descendants.

(I) George Crawford, immigrant, was born
in Leitrim, in the north of Ireland, in 1787,
of Scotch ancestors, and came to America
probably about the time of the second war
with the mother country. He lived for a time
in liethel, Maine, and his name appears there
in December, 181 5, as one of the petitioners
to the governor and council of Massachusetts,
praying "that they, together with such others
as may lawfully join within the bounds of the
first regiment of the second brigade, be or-
ganized into a company of artillery and au-
thorized to elect their ofificers and fill up the
company." In 1818 he bought an acre of land
in the center of the town of Bethel, paying
therefor the small sum of sixty-five dollars.
He removed to Durham, however, before
1820. Mr. Crawford was a man of middle
age when he united with the Methodist Epis-
copal church in Durham, "and his devout con-
versation attested the thorough transti>rtnation
of his character." Fie was a well-informed
man and had a remarkable family, four of his
sons having become clergymen of the Metho-
dist Episcopal church. His first wife, Eliza
Ann Lyttle, was born in Sligo, Ireland, in
1790, and died in Durham, December 11,
1856. He married (second) December 6,
i8<x), Catherine Newell. Children: i. Ann,
married, March 22, 1837, Isaac Graves, of
Topsham. 2. James, died in infancy. 3. John,
married, September 4, 1842, Sarah A. Bon-
ney, of Durham, and lived in Brunswick,
Maine. 4. Thomas, married, December 18,
1842, Thankful D. Johnson, and died July 25,
1852, aged thirty-four years, seven months.
5. Rev. George C., died Sejitcmber 25, 1878,
aged fifty-ciglit years: married (first) I'"ebru-
ary 15, 1848, Mercy II. Booker, and (second)
Mrs. Julia A. (Varney) Coombs, who died
April 2, 1888. 6. Rev.' William Henry, men-
tioned below. 7. Lemuel, lost at sea. 8. David
F., died September 14, 1854, aged twenty-
eight years; was studying for the ministry



STATE OF MAINE.



i6C,3



and preached occasionally. g. Rev. James
Barbour, died ]\Iarch 31, 1869; married, June
2, 1855, Harriet A. Woodside.

(II) Rev. William Henry Crawford, son of
George and Eliza Ann (Lyttle) Crawford, was
born in Pownal, Maine, October 4, 182 1, and
was reared in Durham. After a thorough ele-
mentary education he studied for the minis-
try, and was admitted to the Maine confer-
ence of the Methodist Episcopal church. He
afterward served on several important charges
in the eastern part of the state until 1870,
when he was superannuated. '"He was a very
godly, useful and beloved pastor and preach-
er." He died February 18, 1889. He mar-
ried, July 7, 1848, Julia \. Whittier, born in
Athens, Maine, October 19, 1825, daughter of
Artemas N. Whittier (see Whittier VH).
Children: i. George Artemas, born April 29,
1849. 2. Carrie C, Wiscasset, Maine, July
20, 1853, lives in Camden, Maine. 3. Melzer
Thomas, Waldoboro, Maine, April 24, 1858;
married Mary Howard, and had Donald, born
April 27, 1899. 4. William IMorrison, Hamp-
den, Maine, February 15, 1865, now pastor of
Grace Methodist Episcopal Church, Spring-
field, Massachusetts.

(III) George Artemas, eldest son of Rev.
William Henry and Julia A. (Whittier) Craw-
ford, was born April 29, 1849, ^"^ Calais,
Maine, and received his early education at the
public schools and the E. M. C. Seminary at
Bucksport, Maine ; he graduated from Boston
University in 1878, with degrees of A. B., and
later A. AI. and Ph. D., and in i8go received
the honorary degree of D. D. from the New
Orleans University. He served for a short
time in the civil war, though very young, and
May 10, 1870, received commission of chap-
lain in the United States navy, being retiretl
March 2, 1890. on account of the disability
incurred in line of duty. During this time he
served in the West Indies on the "Severn"
and "Worcester," in the East Indies on the
"Richmond." also at the navy yard at Charles-
town, iMassachusetts, and on the receiving
ship "Wabash." Much of this time he was in
active service, and at the time of the Spanish-
American war he re-entered service for a
time. Rev. George O. Crawford has also
spent many years of useful work as pastor of
various churches, his charges having been : St.
Johns Methodist Episcopal Church, Temple
Street, Broomfield Street Church, all in Bos-
ton ; Methodist Episcopal churches in Pittston
and Waterville, Alaine ; also at South Law-
rence and Woburn, Massachusetts. He is an
earnest and gifted speaker, and his wide e.x-



periuice and many years of travel have been
of great value in his chosen field of labor. He
has a large circle of friends and fs a man of
pleasing and genial disposition. He takes an
uiterest in the affairs of his day.' and is treas-
urer of the National Automatic Heater Com-
pany. He belongs to the following clubs and
societies : Grand Army of the Republic, Post
No. 161, at Woburn, Massachusetts; lioston-
ian Society ; Sons of the American Revolution ;
Society of Colonial Wars; Naval and Mili-
tary Order of Spanish-American War, and he
is a Royal Arch Alason. He is prominent in
Beta Theta Pi, one of the largest and most
influential college fraternities in the United
States. Rev. George A. Crawford married
(first) September 3, 1872, Mary E.. daughter
of John M. Patten, of Waldoboro, Maine;
by this marriage three children were born. He
married (second) May 21, 1904, Clara L.
Loveland. His children are: i. Howard Tri-
bou, born June 16, 1874, in Gardiner, Alaine;
married Nell Tallant Cutler and has a son,
Howard Tribou Jr., born April 30, 1908. 2.
Kendrick Patten, November 27, 1875, in Chel-
sea, Massachusetts; married (first) Susan
Young, and had one daughter. Evelvn L., born
May I, 1898. and died January 2, 1905; mar-
ried (second) Hattie W. Muirhead. 3. Tru-
man Kimpton, June 13, 1878, in Charlestown,
Massachusetts.

In the maternal line, George A. Crawford is
descended from Thomas Whittier, the immi-
grant (q. v.), through Nathaniel (II), Reuben
(HI), Nathaniel (IV), and

(I\') Joseph, fifth son of Reuben and De-
borah (Pillsbury) Whittier, was born May 2,
1721, at Salisbury, ^Massachusetts ; he mar-
ried, January 13, 1743, Martha, daughter of
Hon. John Evans, of Nottingham. New
Hampshire, and they lived in Salisbury, .Mas-
sachusetts. Their children were : Deborah,
born September 4, 1744; Dorothy, November
30, 1745; Sarah, September 18, 1747; John,
June 19, 1749; Reuben, September 19, 1751 ;
Chase, October 6, 1753; and Joseph.

(V) Joseph (2), fourth and youngest son
of Joseph (i) and Martha (Evans) Whittier,
was born October 31, 1755, at Salisbury, Mas-
sachusetts, and died May 18, 1833, at Solon,
Maine. He removed with his brothers to War-
ren, New Hampshire, though he remained
there but a short time. He enlisted in the
revolution as private in Colonel Gilman's regi-
ment, September, 1777, and was also on the
payroll of Captain Porter Kimball's company,
in the regiment of Colonel Stephen Evan?,
that marched from the state of New Hanip-



STATE OF MAINE.



M.i.L a.,.; joined the northern continental army
at Saratoga in September, 1777, discharged
November 30. time two months and sixteen
days. His name al.so appears on ilie payroll
of'Captain Joseph Parson's company, Colonel
Moses Xic'hors regiment, New Hampshire
N'oUmteers, Rhode Island Expedition, in Au-
gust, 1778, entered August 5. discharged Au-
gust 27. He afterward married, March 7,
1778. Lydia, daughter of Joseph and Lydia
(Eastman) Chandler, of Epping, New Hamp-
shire, sister of General John Chandler, and
they settled in Epping, where the five eldest of
his' nine children were born, and then they
removed to Solon. Maine. Their children
were: John, born April 24, 1779, married
Abigail Titus; Enoch, November 12, 1780;
Joseph. October 13, 1782; Nathaniel. Novem-
ber 17, 178O; Lydia Claramond, August 18,
1784: Jemima; Martha; Artemas N. and
Hannah.

(\I) Artemas N., fifth and youngest son
of Joseph (2) and Lydia (Chandler) Whit-
1820, Alice Cass, daughter of Captain Moses
and Mary (Page) Cass. Children: Sarah,
tier, was born June 4, 1795, at Haverhill, New
Hampshire, and died in Cornville, Maine,
June 20, 1876. He lived most of his life
at Cornville, Maine. He married, June 2,
Moses, a son Francis, died young, Julia A.,
Lewis Cass, McKcndree, Ploma M., married
(second) March 15, 1865, Sophia Fox.

(\'H) Julia A., second daughter of Arte-
mas N. and Alice (Cass) W'hittier, was born
October 19. 1825, at Athens, Maine; she mar-
ried. July 7, 1848, William Henry Crawford.
(See Crawford H.)



In the early English and New
OAKES England records the surname

now almost universally written
Oakes is found written Oak. and Oaks, as
well as Oakes. but however the name appears
in New England it has reference to some
descendant of Nathaniel Oak, whom tradition
says came from Wales to America as a cabin
boy on an English ship which foundered nine
miles oflf the New England coast, and he
alone of the entire crew was saved, by swim-
ming ashore. Notwithstanding the fact that
he may have come from Wales it is under-
stood that Nathaniel Oak was a descendant of
stood that he was a descendant of English
ancestors.

(I) Nathaniel Oak, born about 1645, was a
boy of about fifteen years when he came in the
ship which was wrecked off the coast of New
England, between 1660 and 1665. While strug-



gling against the waters in his heroic and suc-
cessful attempt to swim ashore from the foun-
dered ship young Oak "solemnly promised the
Lord if He would preserve him to get to land
he would never go onto the water again." This
promise he sacredly kept, for never afterward
could he be persuaded even to cross Charles
river in a boat, but always would go around
by way of "the neck." It is said that after
safely reaching the land young Oak was
bound out to a farmer to earn the means of
his support, and that on one occasion, while
picking up pine knots for his master in the
forest, he was attacked by a catamount (wild-
cat), and that he slew the animal with a heavy
pine knot which he happened to hold in his
hand when attacked. The master gave the lad
the bounty money received for the hide of
the wildcat, and this he invested in sheep,
which he let out for their increase, and thus
was laid the foundation of his own subsequent
fortune ; for ultimately he became possessed of
a fortune, and his name is mentioned in the
records sometimes as yeoman, and planter and
also as gentleman, the latter indicating some-
thing of the standing he attained among the
townsmen and the success which was the re-
ward of his industry and thrift. He served
as a soldier of the early colonial wars, and
after King Philip's war he was one of the
garrison in 1692 and again in 1707. He mar-
ried (first) December 14, 1686, Mehitable,
daughter of John and Ann Rediat. She was
born in Sudbury, Massachusetts, in 1646, and
died November 25, 1702. lie married (sec-
ond) May 20, 1703, Mary, daughter of Adam
and Hannah (Hay ward) Hallo way, and
widow of Jacob Farrar, who was killed in
King Philip's war, 1676. Nathaniel Oak had
eight children: i. Nathaniel, born June 7,
1704. 2. William, February 18, 1706, died
1723. 3. Hannah, December 27, 1707, died
March 23, 1807. 4. Mary, March 31, 1710,
died April 4, 1805. 5. Ann, September 9,
1712. 6. John, March 16, 1715, died 1752.
7. Jonathan, August 21, 1717. 8. George,
February 15, 1720, died after 1777.

(II) Captain Jonathan Oaks, son of Na-
thaniel and Mary (Holloway) Oak, was born
in IMarlborough, Massachusetts, August 21,
1717, and died in Skowhegan, Alaine, in 1784.
He was a housesmith and farmer and lived in
Westboro, Massachusetts, until about 1741.
He was living in Bolton, Massachusetts, in
1744, and in Stow, Massachusetts, from 1745
to 1749. He held various town offices, such as
trial juror, constable, tithingman, surveyor of
highways, tax collector, and was called cap-



STATE OF MAINE.



1665



tain. The tradition is that he was a soldier
of the French and Indian wars, that he served
under Wolf at Quebec, and that he made the
coffin in which that soldier hero was buried.
About 1750 he bought a valuable farm on
Bare hill in the town of Harvard, Massachu-
setts, built a mansion house, and lived there
until 1771, when be sold his lands in Massa-
chusetts and secured by grant a large tract of
land in Canaan, Maine, where he settled with
his family in 1772. The city of Skowhegan
is built up partly on land originally owned by
Captain Jonathan Oaks. He married (first)
about 1740 Rebecca, datighter of Robert and
Rebecca (Osgood) Barnard. She was born
about 1725-27, and died before 1748. He
married (second) January 2, 1749 (inten-
tions), Elizabeth, (laughter of Thomas and
Elizabeth Wheeler. She w^as born February

15, 1727, and died November 23, 1750. He
married (third) about 1751, Sarah Wheeler,
sister of his second wife. She was born Au-
gust 23, 1733, and died May 22, 1761. He
married (fourth) April 23-6, 1762, Abigail,
daughter of John and Abigail (Whitney)
Rand. She was born November 14, 1736,
and died in 1813. Captain Jonathan Oaks
had in all sixteen children: i. Mary, born
July 16, 1741, died September 13, 1794. 2.
Lydia, born June 6, 1743, died 1802. 3. Eliza-
beth, baptized November 25, 1751. 4. Sarah,
born January 12, 1752. 5. Jonathan, born
about 1754. 6. Rebecca, born about 1756. 7.
John, born October 22, 1757-58, died in 1844;
soldier of the revolution and served four en-
listments. 8. Daniel, born about 1760-61 ; sol-
dier of the revolution from 1777 to 1781. 9.
Lois, baptized October 2^, 1763. 10. Levi,
baptized October 23, 1763, died 1831. 11.
Millie, baptized September 11, 1768, died
1783. 12. Solomon, born May 9, 1769, died
Parkman, Maine, January 24, 1857. I3- Sy-
bil, baptized November 19, 1769, died about
1845. 14- Abel, born April 10, 1771. 15.
Elder William, born June 4, 1774, died 1851.

16. Lucy, born December, 1776, died Decem-
ber 2/, 1852.

(Ill) Abel Oaks, son of Captain Jonathan
and Abigail (Rand) Oaks, was born in Har-
vard, Massachusetts, September 10, 1771, and
died in Sangerville, Alaine, December 21,
1856. He was an infant when his father re-
moved to Maine, and in his business life was
a farmer in Sangerville, where he settled
about 1806-07. ^^^ married, at Canaan,
Maine, November 23, 1792, Betsey Hamlin,
born Gorham, Maine, May 22, 1770, died April
9, 1850. They had twelve children: i. Lucy,



born Canaan, March 28, 1793. 2. Simeon, born
Sangerville, December 21, 1794. 3. Stephen,
born February 28, 1797, died May 29, 1S74. 4!
Abel, born March 22, 1798, died' February 12,
1858. 5. James, born March 24, 1800, died
in Fo.xcroft, Alaine. 6. Samuel, born Novem-
ber 27, 1801, died December 24, i884.' 7-
Eliza, bom August 10, 1803, died October 31,
1854. 8. William, born May 18, 1804-06. 9.
Ebenezer Gardner, born October 16, 1808,
died July 26. 1882. 10. Rev. John Ames!
born Sangerville, June 28, 1809, died .August
26, 1886. II. Lovina, born lulv, 1812, died
March 16, 1873. 12. Daniel, born Julv,'i8i5,
drowned in 1836.

(IV) Colonel William Oakes, son of Abel
and Betsey (Hamlin) Oaks, was born in
Canaan, Maine, May 18, 1804, or 1806, and
died February 28, 1888. He was a man of
much prominence and influence, a Mason of
high standing in the order, and a colonel of
the state militia. He went to California and
was one of the pioneers of the far west, al-
though he did not live permanently in that
region. In 1829 he married Sarah Partridge,
who died April i, 1852, having borne her hus-
band five children : Emily, Abigail, Florence,
Drucilla, who married Isaac Fairbrother (see
Fairbrother ), and Corvdon.



This surname is found among
ROUNDS the descriptive ones, Bigge,
Small, Little, Heigh, Haupt,
Strong, Low, etc., and in England it is usu-
ally spelled without the final s. A Robert
Rounds is recortled in the calendar proceed-
ings in chancery (time of Elizabeth), and the
Round family were located in Kent and Ox-
ford counties, England. Savage gives the
name of early date as Roundy, Rounday and
Roundee. He records a "Samuel Roundy of
Salem, Mass., married November, 1671, Ann
Bush and died 1678 (as the inventory of his
estate was made that year)," and adds, "per-
haps Mark Round, one of the soldiers, etc.,
was his son," but this statement is erroneous,
as Mark was engaged in King Philip's war,
1675, but four years after the marriage of
Samuel.

(I) Mark Rounds, the immigrant ancestor
(as far as known), was probably born in
England. He was a gunsmith, and is first
on record as one of those who marched from
Sudbury, Massachusetts, in King Philip's war,
February 15, 1675, to Marlboro. In 1681 he is
credited under Captain James Oliver, and his
name appears in the list of soldiers in garri-
son at Fort Mary, February, 1699, and also



i666



STATE OF MAIN!-:.



"among the wounded of Capi. Oliver's com-
panv that arc at Rhode Island. December. 19,
1675." Mark Rounds was located at Fal-
mouth (I'uriland). Maine. July 20. 171O. His
will, dated 1720, proved 1729. shows that he
left a widow Sarah, and had three sons: Jo-
seph, George and Samuel.

(II) Samuel, youngest son of Mark and
Sarah Rounds, was born in Falmouth, per-
haps in 1 717. and settled in Narragansett
township No. i (now Buxton), Maine, in
1740, in the near vicinity of Gorham. He was
in the Penobscot expedition under Captain
Alexander McClennan. of Colonel Jonathan
Whitney's regiment, in 1779. The name of his
wife is not recorded. Their children were:
Samuel (2), married Dorcas Edwards, lived
at Buxton: Theodora, lived at Shapleigh,
Maine; Joseph; Jonathan, married John Mc-
Donald, of Buxton.

(III) Joseph, son of Samuel Rounds, was
probably born in Buxton and resided in that
town on "the Gore" near Gorham, where he
died. He was a soldier of the revolution in
Colonel Phinney's regiment, and was present
at the surrender of Burgoyne. In May, 1775,
he marched with the regiment to Cambridge
and went thence to Ticonderoga. When the
British troops evacuated Boston the next year,
his regiment was the first to enter the town.
He married Sarah Gerry, of York, Maine.
Children : Joseph, Mark, Lemuel, James, Bet-
sey and Polly. The names of Mark and Lem-
uel Rounds also appear in the list of those
who rendered revolutionary service.

(IV) Joseph (2), eldest son of Joseph (i)
and Sarah (Gerry) Rounds, was born in Bux-
ton, and married, November 5, 1778, Susan
(or Susanna), daughter of James and Abi-
gail (Frost) Mosier, of Gorham. who was
born June 17, 1789. She was granddaughter
of David Mosier, of Fisher Island and Gor-
ham, and great-granddaughter of James, the
grandson of Hugh Mosier. James came from
Scotland in 1730 and settled in New London,
Connecticut, and Newport, Rhode Island. Jo-
seph and Susan had twelve children : i. Betsy,
born 1779. married Elihu Gunnison. 2. Sam-
uel, born May (t. 1781, married, I'ebruary 23,
1806, Mehitable Libby. 3. Benjamin, born
1783, married Polly Fisher. 4. .Abigail, born
1785. married Daniel Irish. 5. Susan, born
May 10, 1788, married Isaac Libby. 6. Gerry,
born March 26, 1790, married Mary Gage. 7.
Isaac, born 1792, died F'ebruary 6, 1856. 8.
George, born 1795, married Rebecca Prentice
and died at Bridglon, Maine, October 24, 1839.
g. Catherine, born 1797, married Joseph Dow.



10. Nathan or Nathaniel, born I'ebruary 18.
1799, married Betsey Brown. 11. Harriet,
born 1802. died November 19, 1839. 12. Jo-
seph, born 1805, married, April, 1833, Elsie
Dow.

(\") Nathan (or Nathaniel), sixth son of
Joseph (2) and Susan (Mosier) Rounds, was
born February 18. 1799, in Buxton, and settled
in Waterford. Maine, in 1816, residing in the
lower village, where he died August 5, 1868.
He was a skilled blacksmith, held the rank of
captain in the local militia, was prominent in
church affairs and filled numerous town offices.
He married, in 1822, Betsey Brown, daughter
of William and Betsey (Wheeler) Brown,
probably of Stow, Massachusetts. The latter
was born in 1765, and saw the soldiers march
to and from Bunker Hill. William Brown
was a son of Jabez Brown, a lieutenant in the
F'rench and Indian war and an adjutant in the
revolutionary war. He served the town of
Waterford in Maine, and his sons settled there
about 1783. A grandson of Jabez Brown,
Charles E., is widely known in literature as
.■\rtemus Ward. Betsey (Brown) Rounds
was born in 1803 in Waterford and died in
1882 in I'-armington. Their children were: i.
Jane, born 1822, married Calvin M. Follett.
2. Edwin, 1827, married Maria Jordan. 3.
Cyrus. 1829, died 1833. 4. Charles C, 1831,
see forward. 5. Harriett, 1834. died young.
6. Harriett FI.. 1835. 7. Rowena, 1839. ^■
Christina, 1842.

(\'I) Charles Collins, third son of Nathan,
or Nathaniel, and Betsey (Brown) Rounds,
was born August 15, 1831, in South Water-
ford, and passed his early boyhood in that
town. He attended a district school and pre-
pared for college at a Maine academy. When
a young man he learned the printer's trade in
Portland. .Xn incident of this experience
shows his habit of mind. Smyth's Algebra
was being printed in the establishment where
he was setting type and it was his custom to
carry home at night the proof sheets and work
out the problems for himself. In this way he
detected several errors in the book which were
corrected by the author at his suggestion. He
subsequently entered Dartmouth College and
was graduated from its scientific department
in 1837. I'rom that time until his death his
life was devoted to educational work. F'or
two years he was principal of the South Paris,
Maine, Academy, and thence went to Cleve-
land, Ohio, where he was principal of a public
school for six years. During the summer of
1864, w'hile a resident of Cleveland, he en-
gaged actively in the work of the Christian



STATE OF MAINE.



1667



Commission among the Union soldiers in Vir-
ginia. Returning to Maine, lie became princi-
pal of the Edward Little Institute in Auburn,
and in 1868 was made principal of the State
Normal School at Farmington, where he re-
mained until 1883. He resigned this position
to accept the principalship of the State Nor-
mal School at Plymouth, New Hampshire.
After thirteen years in this work he resigned
to spend some time abroad, and on returning
devoted himself to lecturing and institute
work. Dr. Rounds held the degrees of B.
S. and M. S. from Dartmouth, and his scholar-
ship and eminent services in educational work
in Maine brought to him the honorary de-
grees of A. M. from Bowdoin and Colby and
of Ph. D. from Bates College. His work in
the Farmington State Normal School con-
tributed much to the educational development
of the state. He came to the school when it
was just in the experimental stage and while
the opposition of conservatism and prejudice
was still strong. He undertook the work with
a mind clear and critical, with the training of
one of the best scientific schools of New Eng-
land, with great energy of mind and body,
with intense love for his profession, and with
a profound knowledge of the needs of the
common schools, gained by eleven years' ex-
perience as a teacher in this and other states.
The school was without apparatus, or a library
that deserved the name, and the buildings were
entirely inadequate. He established in 1869
one of the first primary training schools in
the country, improved the buildings, secured
a library and equipment, and for fifteen years
gave the best there was in him to the upbuild-
ing of the school and the creation of right
professional standards in the state. In the
Normal School at Plymouth, New Hampshire,
he did equally important and lasting work.
He was a student in the old meaning of that
term, and a scholar in the best sense of the
word. He loved nature, and was at home in
literature, appreciated art, and v^^as one of the
closest observers of life as seen in New Eng-
land, the Great West, the New South and
modern Europe. His knowledge of social, in-
dustrial, political and educational conditions
made him an exceptionally intelligent and
safe investigator and adviser, and enabled him
to contribute much toward the solution of the
most difficult educational problems. In all
his work the truth interested him more than
the vindication of pet theories. What was,
what is, what should be, were questions that
he strove to answer in a way that would be
useful to the individual and to the state. He



occupied many positions indicating the esteem
in which he was held by the profession in this
country. He was president of the Maine



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