George W. Williams.

History of the Negro Race in America From 1619 to 1880. Vol 1 Negroes as Slaves, as Soldiers, and as Citizens online

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Online LibraryGeorge W. WilliamsHistory of the Negro Race in America From 1619 to 1880. Vol 1 Negroes as Slaves, as Soldiers, and as Citizens → online text (page 55 of 57)
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"Desire," ship built for the slave-trade, 174.

Dodge, Caleb, of Beverly, Mass., sued by his slave, 231.

Dorsey, Charles W., character of Banneker, the Negro astronomer, 390.

Duchet, Sir Lionel, engaged in the slave-trade, 138.

Dummer, William, proclamation against Negroes of Boston, 226.

Dunmore, Lord, proclamation in regard to fugitive Negroes, 336;
condemned by the Virginia convention, 341;
his failure to enlist Negroes, 342.

Dupuis, M., appointed English consul to the court of Ashantee, 40.

Dutch man-of-war lands the first Negroes in Virginia, 118;
engage in the slave-trade, 124;
import slaves to New Netherlands, 135;
encourage the trade, 136;
settlement on the Delaware, 312.


Earl, John, his connection with the Negro plot at New York, 163.

East Greenwich, R.I., bridge built at, by Negro impost-tax, 275.

Egmont, Earl of, opposed to slavery in Georgia, 319.

Egypt, first settlers of, 6, 10;
Negro and Mulatto races in, 14;
slavery in, 17;
Negro civilization imitated by, 22;
the Ethiopian kings of, 454.

Elizabeth, Queen, of England, encourages the slave-trade, 138.

Elizabeth, N.J., police regulations, 286.

England, suppresses the slave-trade, 28, 31;
sends agricultural implements, machinery, and missionaries to
Africa, 32;
conduct in the Ashantee war, 38, 41, 42;
treaty with Ashantee, 42;
founds a colony in Sierra Leone, 86;
all slaves declared free on reaching British soil, 86;
declares slave-trade piracy, 87;
establishes a mission at Sierra Leone, 89;
women sent to Virginia, 119;
laws relating to slavery, 125;
sanctions the slave-trade, 138-140, 463;
courts decide in 1677 that a Negro slave is property, 190;
slavery recognized in, 203;
agrees to furnish Negroes to the West Indies, 236;
treaty with United States, 382.

Enoch, description of the city of, 453.

Ethiopia, war with Cæsar, 6;
natives same race as Egyptians, 6;
meaning of, 13;
cities of, described, 453;
kings rule Egypt, 454.


Fairfax, Va., meeting at, in 1774, pass resolutions against slavery,
327.

"Fanny," brig, arrives at Norfolk, Va., with slaves, 328.

Federal Constitution, proceedings of convention to frame the, 417.

Ferguson, Dr., describes character of the inhabitants of Sierra Leone,
90-93.

Folger, Elisha, captain of ship "Friendship," sued for recovery of a
slave, 231.

Forbes, Archibald, mentions Africans nine feet in height, 59.

Fox, George, views concerning slaves, 313.

France engaged in the slave-trade, 463.

Franklin, Benjamin, letter to Dean Woodward on the abolition of
slavery, 327;
address to the public on the abolition of slavery, 431.

Friends, see Quakers.

Fuller, Thomas, a Negro mathematician, 399.


Gage, Thomas, refuses to sign the bill to prevent the importation of
Negroes into Massachusetts, 235, 237.

Gates, Gen. Horatio, his order not to enlist Negroes, 334.

George III. in 1751 repeals the act declaring slaves real estate, 125.

Georgia, slavery in, 316-323;
colony of, established, 316;
slavery prohibited in, 316, 317;
discussion in regard to the admission of slavery, 318-322;
clandestine importation of Negroes, 320;
slavery established, 322;
history of slavery, 322;
number of slaves in 1715, 325;
importation of slaves prohibited, 440;
slave population in 1790, 436.

Germantown, Penn., memorial of Quakers against slavery in 1688, 313.

Glasgow, Scotland, a slave liberated in 1762, 463.

Goddard, Benjamin, protests against enlisting Negroes in Grafton,
Mass., 352.

Godfrey family of South Carolina, killed by a Negro mob, 299.

Gordon, William, letter on the emancipation of slaves, 402;
deposed as chaplain of the legislature of Massachusetts, 409.

Grafton, Mass., protest in 1778 against the enlistment of Negroes,
352.

Grahame, Judge Thomas, liberates Negro slave in Glasgow, Scotland,
463.

Gray, Samuel, killed at the Boston Massacre, 331.

Greece, Negro civilization imitated by, 22.

Greene, Col. Christopher, commands a Negro regiment in 1778 at battle
of Rhode Island, 368;
his death, 369.

Greene, Gen. Nathanael, letters to Washington on the raising of a
Negro regiment, 342;
on the enlistment of Negroes, the British army, 359;
at battle of Rhode Island, 368.

Greenleaf, Richard, sued by his slave, 204, 231.

Guerard, Benjamin, governor of South Carolina, letter to Gov. Hancock
relative to slaves recaptured from the British, 380.

Guyot, Arnold H., opinion on the diversity of the human race, 20.


Habersham, James, favors slavery in Georgia, 318, 321.

Ham, the progenitor of the Negro race, 8;
family of, 9, 11;
founder of the Babylonian empire, 9.

Hamilton, Alexander, letter to John Jay on the enlistment of Negroes,
354;
opinion in regard to slaves captured by the British, 381.

Hamilton, Dr., his connection with the Negro plot at New York, 160.

Hancock, John, letter on the condition of the South-Carolina Negroes
recaptured from the British, 378.

"Hannibal," sloop, Negroes captured from, 372.

Harcourt, Col. William, captures Gen. Charles Lee, 366.

Harper, - - , one of the founders of the colony at Cape Palmas,
Liberia, 95.

Harris, Rev. Samuel, describes bravery of Negro regiment at battle
of Rhode Island, 369.

Hawkins, Sir John, a slave-trader, 138.

"Hazard," armed vessel, recaptures Negroes, 376.

Hendrick, Cæsar, a slave, sues for his freedom, 204, 231.

Hessian officer, letter on the employment of Negroes in the army, 343.

Hillgroue, Nicholas, engaged in the slave-trade, 269.

Hispaniola, slaves from Sierra Leone sold at, 138.

Hobby, Mr., Negro in the army claimed by, 384.

Hogg, Robert, a merchant of New York, robbed by Negroes, 145.

Holbrook, Felix, petition of, for freedom, 133.

Holland, growth of slavery in New Netherlands, 134;
children of manumitted Negroes held as slaves to serve the
government of, 135;
slaves exchanged for tobacco, 136;
engaged in the slave-trade, 463.

Holt, Lord, his opinion that slavery was unknown to English law, 203.

Hopkins, John H., views of slavery, 7, 8.

Hopkins, Samuel, necessity of employing the Negroes in the American
army, 338.

Horsmanden, Daniel, one of the judges in the trial of the Negro plot
at New York, 1741, 148.

Hotham, Sir Charles, testimony in regard to the abolishment of slavery
in Liberia, 105, 106.

Hughson, John, his tavern at New York a resort for Negroes, 147;
his connection with the Negro plot, 147;
trial, 152, 157;
sentenced to be hanged, 158;
executed, 161.

Hughson, Sarah, her connection with the New York Negro plot, 152;
trial, 157;
respited, 164;
testimony, 165, 166, 168.

Human race, the unity of, 443.

Humphreys, David, recruits a company of colored infantry in
Connecticut, 361.

Hutchinson, a commissioner to treat with king of Ashantee, 39.

Hutchinson, Gov. Thomas, refuses to sign bill to prevent the
importation of slaves from Africa, 223.


Indians, taxable, 122, 123;
not treated as slaves, 123;
declared slaves, 124, 125;
denied the right to appear as witnesses, 129;
act to baptize, 141;
proclamation against the harboring, 141;
alarmed on seeing a Negro, 173;
exchanged for Negroes, 173;
sent to Bermudas, 173;
held in perpetual bondage, 178;
marriage with Negroes, 180;
introduction of, as slaves, prohibited in Massachusetts, 186;
importation of, prohibited, 259, 311, 314;
slavery of, legalized, 259.

Ishogo villages in Africa described, 52.


Jacksonburgh, S.C., Negro insurrection at, 299.

Jamaica, slaves from, sold in Virginia, 328.

James, Gov., commissioner to treat with king of Ashantee, 39.

James City, Va., buildings destroyed, 126.

Jameson, David, volunteers to prosecute the negroes in New York, 151.

Japan, negro idols in, 17.

Jefferson, Thomas, author of instructions to the Virginia delegation
in Congress, 1774, on the abolition of slavery, 328;
letters to Dr. Gordon relative to the treatment of Negroes in
Cornwallis's army, 358;
to Benjamin Banneker, 396;
his recommendation in regard to slavery in the Western Territory,
416.

Jeffries, John P., declares there are no reliable data of the Negro
race, 15.

Johnson, David, accused of conspiracy in New York, 163.

Jones, William, his genealogy of Noah, 11.

Joseph, the selling of, a memorial by Samuel Sewall, 210;
answered by John Saffin, 214.

Josselyn, John, describes attempt to breed slaves in Massachusetts,
174.


Kane, William, accused of conspiracy in New York, 162;
testimony of, in the Negro plot, 162-164, 168.

Kench, Thomas, letters to the General Assembly of Massachusetts on
the enlistment of Negroes, 350, 351.

Kendall, Capt. Miles, deputy governor of Virginia, receives Negro
slaves in exchange for supplies, 118;
dispossessed of the same, returns to England to seek equity, 118;
portion of the Negroes allotted to him, 118;
none of which he receives, 119.

Kentucky, admitted into the Union, 437;
constitution revised, 441.

Keyser, Elizur, emancipates his slave, 207.

Knowls, John, confines James Sommersett on board his ship "Mary and
Ann," 205.

Knox, Thomas, South Carolina, recaptured slaves delivered to, 377.

Kudjoh Osai, king of Ashantee, 36.

Kwamina Osai, succeeds his father Kudjoh as king of Ashantee, 36.


"Lady Gage," a prize-ship with Negroes, 376.

Laing, Capt., his services in Ashantee, 42.

Latrobe, J.H.B., one of the founders of the colony at Cape Palmas,
Liberia, 95.

Laurens, Henry, letter to Washington on arming of the Negroes of
South Carolina, 353.

Laurens, John, endeavors to raise Negro troops in South Carolina, 356;
sails for France, 359;
letters to Washington on his return, urging the enlistment of
Negroes, 360.

Lawrence, Major Samuel, commands a company of Negro soldiers, 366.

Lechmere, Richard, sued by his slave, 230.

Lee, Gen. Charles, captured by the British, 366.

Leicester, Mass., representative of, instructed to vote against
slavery, 225.

Liberia, founded by Colored people from Maryland, 95;
population, 95, 97, 102;
refuge for Colored people, 96;
native tribes, 97, 98;
Christian mission founded, 98;
government, 99;
a republic, 100;
school and college established, 100;
churches, 101;
trade, 103;
first constitution, 103;
slavery and slave-trade abolished, 104;
treaty with England in regard to slavery, 104;
testimony of officers of the Royal Navy in regard to the
slave-trade at, 105;
revolt in, subdued, 106, 107.

Lincoln, Gen. Benjamin, letter to Gov. Rutledge of South Carolina,
on the enlistment of Negroes, 359.

Livingstone, David, describes African wars, 50, 51;
status of the Africans, 58, 59;
skilful in the mechanic arts, 63, 64.

Locke, John, constitution prepared by, adopted in North Carolina, 302;
local governments of the South organised on his plan, 414.

Lodge, Abraham, volunteers to prosecute the Negroes in New York, 151.

Lodge, Sir Thomas, a slave-trader, 138.

Lowell, John, sues for the freedom of a slave in Newburyport, Mass.,
231.

Lybia, Africa, description of, 452.


MacBrair, R.M., author of a Mandingo grammar, 70.

McCarthy, Charles, appointed governor-general of Western Africa, 41;
war with the Ashantees, 41;
his defeat and death, 42.

Madison, James, letter to Joseph Jones, on the arming of the Negroes,
359.

Mahoney, Lieut., his description of a Negro idol at Calanee, 17.

Mandji, a village in Africa described, 51.

Mankind, unity of, 1, 7, 108, 443;
varieties of, 3.

Mansfield, Lord, decision in the case of the Negro Sommersett, 85,
205.

Marlow, John, affidavit in the Sommersett case, 206.

Maryland, appropriates money for the colony at Cape Palmas, 96;
slaves purchased to evade tax, 128;
slavery in, 238-248;
under the laws of Virginia, 238;
first legislation on slavery, 238;
population of, 238;
slavery established by statute, 240;
Act passed encouraging the importation of Negroes and slaves, 241;
impost on Negroes, slaves, and white persons imported into, 241;
duties on rum and wine, 243;
treatment of slaves and papists, 243;
convicts imported into, 243;
convict trade condemned, 244;
defended, 244;
slave-code, 246;
rights of slaves, 246;
law against manumission of slaves, 246;
Negro population, 246, 247;
white population, 247;
increase of slavery, 247;
number of slaves in 1715, 325;
Negroes enlist in the army, 352;
slave population in 1790, 436.

Maryland Colonization Society, found colony of Negroes at Cape Palmas,
Liberia, 95.

Mason, George, author of the Virginia resolutions of 1774 against
slavery, 327.

Mason, Susanna, addresses a poetical letter to Benjamin Banneker, 392.

Massachusetts, slavery in, 172-237;
earliest mention of the Negro in, 173;
Moore's history of slavery in, 173;
Pequod War the cause of slavery, 173;
slaves imported to, 174;
ship "Desire" arrives with slaves, 174, 176;
slavery established, 175;
first statute establishing slavery, 177;
made hereditary, 179;
kidnapped Negroes, 180, 182;
number of slaves, 183, 184;
tax on slaves, 185;
Negro population, 185;
introduction of Indian slaves prohibited, 186;
Negroes rated with cattle, 187, 188, 196;
denied baptism, 189;
Act in relation to marriage of Negro slaves, 191, 192;
slave-marriage ceremony, 192;
condition of free Negro, 194, 196;
Act to abolish slavery, 204;
slave awarded a verdict against his master, 204;
emancipation of slaves, 205;
legislation favoring the importation of white servants, and
prohibiting the clandestine bringing-in of Negroes, 208;
importation of Negroes not as profitable as white servants, 208,
209;
prohibitory legislation against slavery, 220;
proclamation against Negroes, 226;
slaves executed, 226;
transported and exchanged for small Negroes, 226;
slaves sue for freedom, 228-232;
Negroes petition for freedom, 233;
bill passed for the suppression of the slave-trade, 234, 235;
vetoed by Gov. Gage, 235;
number of slaves in, 325;
emancipation of slaves, 329;
enlistment of Negroes and emancipation of slaves prohibited, 329;
enlistment of Negroes opposed, 334, 351;
mode of enlisting Negroes, 352;
Negroes serve with white troops, 352;
number of men furnished to the army, 353;
act relative to captured Negroes, 370;
sale of captured Negroes prohibited, 371;
armed vessels from, recapture Negroes, 376;
act relative to prisoners of war, 379;
slaves petition for freedom, 404;
act against slavery, 405;
extinction of slavery, 429;
lawsuits brought by slaves, 430;
condition of slaves, 461.

Maverick, Samuel, attempts to breed slaves in Massachusetts, 174.

Maverick, Samuel, mortally wounded at the Boston Massacre, 331.

Mede, Joseph, his statement in regard to Ham corrected, 10.

Medford, Mass., representative of, instructed to vote against
slavery, 225.

Melville, John, his sermon on Simon mentioned, 6.

Menes, first king of Egypt, 454.

Meroe, Egypt, capital of African Ethiopia and chief city of the
Negroes, 6.

Methodist Episcopal Church, establishes a mission in Liberia, 98, 100.

Methodist Missionary Society appropriate money for the mission at
Monrovia, 98.

Mifflin, Warner, presents a memorial to Congress in 1792 for the
abolition of slavery, 437.

Mills, James, missionary to Monrovia, 97;
death, 97.

Missah Kwanta, son of the king of Ashantee, sent to England as a
hostage, 43.

Mississippi, slavery in Territory of, prohibited, 1797, 440.

Monroe, James, town of Monrovia named in honor of, 97.

Monrovia, Africa, founded, 97;
population, 97;
Christian mission established, 98, 99.

Moore, George H., his history of slavery in Massachusetts commended,
173;
mentioned, 180, 183;
remarks on the bill to prohibit the importation of slaves from
Africa, 224.

Morton, Samuel G., the sphinx a shrine of the Negro, 17.

Murphy, Edward, accused of conspiracy in New York, 163.

Murray, Joseph, volunteers to prosecute the Negroes in New York, 151,
158, 166.

Mycerinus, king of Egypt, 458.


"Nautilus," ship arrives at Sierra Leone with colony of Negroes, 86.

Nechao, king of Egypt, 455.

Negro plot in New York City, 1741, 143-170.

Negroes, members of the human family, 1, 5;
descendants of Ham, 3, 8;
represented in pictures of the crucifixion of Christ, 5;
an Ethiopian eunuch becomes a Christian, 6;
same race as Egyptian, 6;
Cush an ancestor, 10;
use of the term "Negro," 12, 13;
antiquity of the race, 14-19;
early military service, 15;
figured in a Theban tomb, 15, 16;
political and social condition, 16;
the Sphinx a shrine of, 17;
idols, 17, 18;
origin of color and hair, 19-21;
primitive civilization, 22;
decline, 24;
kingdoms, 26, 28, 31;
engage in the slave trade, 27;
women in the army, 29;
laws, religion, 30;
different tribes at war, 30-40;
war with England, 41-43;
the Negro type, 45-48;
physical and mental character affected by climate, 46, 47, 385,
448;
longevity, 46;
slaves the lower class, 47;
habits, 48;
susceptible to Christianity, 48;
idiosyncrasies of the, 50;
patriarchal government, 50, 54;
villages, 51, 52;
pursuits 51;
architecture, 51, 53;
women as rulers, 55, 56;
priests, 55;
laws, 56, 57;
marriage, 57, 58;
status, 58, 59;
nine feet in height, 59;
beauty of the, 60, 61;
warfare, 61, 62;
agriculture, 62, 63;
mechanic arts, 63-65;
languages, 66-70, 90;
literature, 75-80;
religion, 81-84, 89, 90;
free, leave for England, 86;
colony of, at Sierra Leone, 86;
serve in the British army, 87;
their condition in America, 96;
found colony at Liberia, 95;
first importance of, 109;
military abilities, 110;
early Christianity, 111;
earliest importation to America, 115;
in Virginia, 116, 118;
number of, in Virginia, 119, 120;
prohibition against, 121;
tax on female, 122, 123;
law of Virginia declares them slaves, 123, 124;
repeal of the Act declaring them real estate, 125;
duty on slaves in Virginia, 126-128;
traffic encouraged in Virginia, 128;
no political or military rights in Virginia, 128, 129;
denied the right to appear as witnesses, 129;
revolt of free, in Virginia, 130;
pay taxes, 131;
in the military service, 131;
intermarriage of, prohibited, 131;
denied education, 133;
children of manumitted, made slaves, 135, 136;
not allowed to hold real estate in New York, 142;
earliest mention of, in Massachusetts, 173;
held in perpetual bondage, 178;
condition of free, in Massachusetts, 194, 196;
importation of, not so profitable as white servants, 208;
Act encouraging the importation of, into Maryland, 241;
condition of free, in Maryland, 247;
limited lights of free, 259, 308, 315;
prohibited the use of the streets in Rhode Island, 264;
military employment of, 324;
excluded from the Continental Army, 335;
allowed to re-enlist, 337;
in Virginia join the British Army, 339;
cautioned against joining the latter, 340;
serve in the army with white troops in Massachusetts, 352;
efforts to enlist in South Carolina, 351;
company of, enlisted in Connecticut, 361;
return of, in the army, 1778, 362;
as soldiers, 1775-1783, 363;
at the battle of Bunker Hill, 363;
at battle of Rhode Island, 368;
valor of, 369;
sale of two captured, prohibited in Massachusetts, 371;
disposal of recaptured, 374, 376;
education of, prohibited, 385.

Newburyport, Mass, a slave sues for freedom, 231

New England Negroes leave for England, 86;
engaged in the slave trade, 174, 180;
see Massachusetts.

New Hampshire, Massachusetts exercises authority over, 309;
slavery in, 309-311;
Negro slave emancipated, 309;
instruction against importation of slaves, 309;
conduct of servants regulated, 319;
ill treatment of slaves, 311;
importation of Indian servants prohibited, 311;
ill treatment of servants and slaves prohibited, 311;
duration of slaves in, 311;
number of slaves in, 325;
slave population in 1790, 436.

New Jersey, slavery in, 282-288;
Act in regard to slaves, 282;
the colony divided, with separate governments, 283;
entertaining of fugitive servants, or trading with Negroes,
prohibited, 283;
Negroes and other slaves allowed trial by a jury, 283;
publicity in judicial proceedings, 285;
rights of government of surrendered to the queen, 285;
conduct of slaves regulated, 285;
impost tax on imported Negroes, 286, 287;
trials of slaves regulated, 286;
security required
for manumitted slaves, 287;
slaves prohibited from joining the militia, 288;
population, 1738-45, 288;
number of slaves in, 325;
slave population in 1790, 436.

New Netherlands, see New York.

Newport, Amos, a slave, sues for his freedom, 229.

Newport, R.I., Negroes and Indians prohibited the use of the streets,
264;
Negro slaves arrive, 269;
part of them sold, 269;
vessels fitted out for the slave-trade, 269;
streets repaired from the impost-tax on Negroes, 273, 275.

New York, slavery in, 134-171;
slaves imported from Brazil, 146;
laws relative to slavery, 139;
slaves the property of West-India Company, 139;
supply of slaves, 140;
Act for regulating slaves, 140;
Act to baptize slaves, 141;
expedition against Canada, 143;
governor of, claims jurisdiction over Pennsylvania, 312;
number of slaves in, 325;
Act for raising Negro troops, 352;
Negro soldiers promised freedom, 411;
slave population in 1790, 436;
bill for the gradual extinction of slavery, 440;
laws in regard to slaves, 463.

New York City, settled by the Dutch, 134;
growth of slavery under the Holland government, 134;
children of manumitted Negroes made slaves, 135, 136;
slaves imported from Brazil, 136;
captured by the English, 138;
laws on slavery, 139;
identical with Massachusetts, 139;
Gov. Dongan arrives, 139;
General Assembly meet, 139;
proclamation against the harboring of slaves, 141;
slaves forbidden the streets after nightfall, 141;
slave-market erected, 142;
Negro riot, 143;
Negro plot, 144-171;
house of Robert Hogg robbed, 145;
population, 145;
fire at Fort George, 145;
fires in, 146;
crew of Spanish vessel adjudged slaves, 146;
charged with firing houses, 146;
house of John Hughson, resort for Negroes, 147;
act against entertaining slaves, 148;
council meet, request governor to offer reward for incendiaries, 149;
Negroes deny all knowledge of the fires and plot, 149;
Supreme Court convened, 149;
trial of Negroes, 149;
Negroes hanged, 154;
fast observed in, 154;
Negroes arrested, 155;
chained to a stake, and burned, 157;
proclamation granting freedom to conspirators who would confess, 159;
Spanish Negroes sentenced to be hung, 161;
Hughson executed, 161;
Negroes hanged, 161, 169;
thanksgiving, 169;
Rev. John Ury executed, 169;
arrests for conspiracy, 170;
first session of Congress held at, in 1789, 426.

Nicoll, Benjamin, volunteers to prosecute the Negroes in New York, 151.



Online LibraryGeorge W. WilliamsHistory of the Negro Race in America From 1619 to 1880. Vol 1 Negroes as Slaves, as Soldiers, and as Citizens → online text (page 55 of 57)