George W. Williams.

History of the Negro Race in America From 1619 to 1880. Vol 1 Negroes as Slaves, as Soldiers, and as Citizens online

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Online LibraryGeorge W. WilliamsHistory of the Negro Race in America From 1619 to 1880. Vol 1 Negroes as Slaves, as Soldiers, and as Citizens → online text (page 56 of 57)
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Nineveh, the city of, founded, 9-10.

Noddle's Island, Mass., slaves on, 176.

Non-Importation Act passed by Congress, 325.

Norfolk, Va., arrival of slaves at, 328.

North Carolina, slaves purchased in, to evade the tax, 128;
slavery in, 302-308;
situation of, favorable to the slave-trade, 302;
the Locke Constitution adopted, 302;
William Sayle commissioned governor, 303;
Negro slaves eligible to membership in the church, 304;
Church of England established in, 304;
rights of Negroes controlled by their masters, 304;
act respecting conspiracies, 305;
form of trying Negroes, 307;
ill treatment of Negroes, 307;
emancipation of slaves prohibited, 307;
limited rights of free Negroes, 308;
number of slaves in, 325;
slave population in 1790, 436.

Nott, John C., antiquity of the Negro, 15;
his social condition, 16.


Oates, Titus, his connection with the Popish plot, 144.

Obongos of Africa described, 46.

Ockote, Osai, king of Ashantee, his war with the English, 43.

Oglethorpe, John, first governor of Georgia, opposed to slavery, 316.

Ophir, Africa, description of, 452.

Opoko, Osai, king of Ashantee, 35.

Osymandyas, king of Egypt, 458.

Otis, James, speech in favor of freedom to the Negroes, 203.


Parsons, Theophilus, his opinion on the existence of slavery in
Massachusetts, 179, 180;
decision in the case of Winchendon _vs._ Hatfield, 232.

Pastorius, Francis Daniel, his memorial against slavery, 1688, 313.

Payne, John, missionary bishop of Africa, 100.

Pendleton, Edmund, letter to Richard Lee on the slaves of Virginia
joining the British army, 339.

Penn, William, Delaware conveyed to, 249;
grants the privilege of separate government, 249;
introduces bill for the regulation of servants, 314;
opposed to slavery, 314.

Pennsylvania, slavery in, 312-315;
government organized, 312;
Swedes and Dutch settlement, 312;
governor of New York claims jurisdiction over, 312;
first laws of, 312;
memorial against slavery, 313;
Penn presents bill for the better regulation of servants, 314;
tax on imported slaves, 314;
importation of Negroes and Indians prohibited, 314;
petition for the freedom of slaves denied, 314;
rights of the Negroes, 315;
tax on Negroes and Mulatto slaves, 315;
fears for the conduct of the slaves, 315;
number of slaves in, 325;
slave population in 1790, 436.

Pennsylvania Society for promoting the abolition of slavery,
address of the, 1789, 431.

Pequod Indians captured in war exchanged for Negroes, 173;
as slaves, 177.

Peters, John, married to Phillis Wheatley, 200.

Peters, Phillis, see Wheatley, Phillis.

Pheron, king of Egypt, 458.

Philadelphia, Federal Convention meet at, 417;
Anti-slavery Convention held at, 438;
see Pennsylvania.

Phut, Africa, description of, 452.

Pickering, Timothy, representative of Salem, Mass., instructed to
vote against the importation of slaves, 220.

Pinny, J.B., missionary to Liberia, 100.

Pitcairn, John, killed at Bunker Hill by a Negro soldier, 364.

Plant, Matthias, missionary of the Propagation Society in Mass., 189.

Po, Fernando, locates Portuguese colony in Africa, 26.

Poor, Salem, a Negro soldier, his bravery at Bunker Hill, 365.

Popish plot in England concocted by Titus Gates, 144.

Portugal, engages in the slave-trade, 26, 31, 463;
locates colony at Benin, Africa, 26, 27.

Prescott, Richard, captured by Lieut.-Col. Barton, 366.

Presbyterian Board of Missions establish missions in Liberia, 100.

Price, Arthur, arrested for theft in New York, 152;
testimony in the Negro plot, 152,154.

Prichard, John C., varieties of the human race, 4.

Prince, a Negro, assists in the capture of Gen. Prescott, 367.

Protestant Episcopal Church establishes first mission at Sierra Leone,
89;
in Liberia, 100.

Proteus, king of Egypt, 458.

Psammetichus, king of Egypt, 455.

Psammis, king of Egypt, 456.

Pul, Africa, description of, 452.


Quakers, opposed to slavery, 218;
memorial of, against slavery in Pennsylvania, 313;
the friends of the Negroes, 315;
memorial to Congress relative to slavery, 439.


Rameses, Miamun, king of Egypt, 458.

Raffles, T. Stanford, his researches on the Negro race, 19.

Reade, W. Winwood, describes patriarchal government of Africa, 55;
beauty of the Negro, 60, 61;
people of Sierra Leone, 87.

Revere, Paul, Negroes placed in his charge at Castle Island, Mass.,
377.

Rhampsinitus, king of Egypt, 458.

Rhode Island, slavery in, 262-281;
colonial government, 262;
Act of 1652 to abolish slavery not enforced, 262;
Negroes and Indians prohibited the use of the streets, 264;
impost-tax on slaves, 265;
entertainment of slaves prohibited, 266;
Negro slaves sold in, 269;
supply of Negroes from Barbadoes, 269;
vessels fitted out for the slave-trade, 269;
value of Negro slaves, 269;
list of militia-men, including white and black servants, 270;
clandestine importations and exportations of passengers, Negroes,
or Indian slaves prohibited, 371;
masters of vessels required to report the names and number of
passengers, 272, 274;
penalties for violating the impost-tax law on slaves, 272;
portion of the impost-tax on imported Negroes appropriated to
repair streets of Newport, 273;
disposition of the money raised by impost-tax, 275;
slaves imported into, 276;
impost-tax repealed, 277;
manumission of aged and helpless slaves regulated, 277;
Negro slaves rated as chattel property, 278;
masters of vessels prohibited from carrying slaves out of, 278;
importation of Negroes prohibited, 280;
population from 1730-1774, 281;
number of slaves in, 325;
act emancipating slaves on joining the army, 347;
protest against the enlistment of slaves, 348;
Negro troops engaged in the battle of, 368;
slave population in 1790, 436.

Ricketts, Capt., services in the Ashantee war, 42.

Roberts, J.J., president of Liberia, proclamation regarding
passports, 106.

Rockwell, Charles, describes Liberia, 96.

Roman Catholics denied the right to appear as witnesses in Virginia,
129;
treatment of, in Maryland, 243;
denounced by Oates, 144;
suspected in New York, 160, 162, 164, 167.

Rome, Negro civilization imitated by, 22.

Rommes, John, charged with burglary at New York, 148;
accused of being in the Negro plot, 153.

Royal African Company, charter abolished, 41;
ordered to send supply of slaves to New York, 140;
has sole right to trade on the coast of Africa, 316.

Royall, Jacob, imports Negro slaves into Rhode Island, 276.

Ruffin, Robert, a slave of, declared free for revealing plot of free
Negroes in Virginia, 130.

Rush, Benjamin, his opinion of James Derham the Negro physician, 401.

Ryase, Andrew, accused of conspiracy in New York, 163.


Sabachus, king of Ethiopia, 454.

Saffin, John, reply to Judge Sewall's tract, "The Selling of Joseph,"
214.

St. George's Bay Company organized, 86;
succeeded by the Sierra Leone Company, 86.

Salem, Mass, representative of, instructed to vote against the
importation of slaves, 220, 224;
Negro conspiracy, 227;
slaves sent to, 209, 376;
petition of slaves in, 462;
Negroes captured at sea advertised for sale, 372.

Salem, Peter, a Negro soldier, his bravery at Bunker Hill, 364.

Salisbury, Samuel Webster, author of an address on slavery, 1769,
218.

Saltonstall, Richard, petitions the General Court of Massachusetts
against stealing Negroes for slaves, 181.

Sandwich, Mass, representative of, instructed to vote against
slavery, 225.

Sargent, Nathaniel P., opinion, 1783, relative to South-Carolina
Negroes, 381.

Savage, Samuel P., letter, 1763, in regard to South Carolina Negroes,
377.

Sayle, William, commissioned governor of North Carolina, 302.

Schultz, John, testimony in the Negro plot at New York, 1741, 463.

Scotland, a Negro slave liberated in 1762, 403.

Scott, Bishop, letter on the government of Liberia, 99.

"Seaflower," ship, arrives at Newport, R.I., from Africa, with slaves,
269.

Seba, Africa, description of, 452.

Sesach, king of Egypt, 454.

Sesostris, king of Egypt, 458.

Sethon, king of Egypt, 454.

Sewall, Jonathan, letter to John Adams on the emancipation of slaves,
207.

Sewall, Joseph, sermon on the fires in Boston, 1723, 226.

Sewall, Samuel, protests against rating Negroes with cattle, 187;
his hatred of slavery, 210;
publishes his tract "The Selling of Joseph," 210;
father of the anti-slavery movement in Massachusetts, 217;
letter to Addington Davenport on the murder of Smith's slave, 1719,
461.

Shaftesbury, Earl of, in favor of introducing slavery into Georgia,
322.

Sharp, Granville, one of the founders of Sierra Leone colony, 86.

Sherbro, mission district, Western Africa, described, 460.

Shinga, queen of Congo, 55

Shishak, king of Ethiopia, 454.

Shodeke, king of Yoruba, Africa, 31.

Siam, negro idols in, 17.

Sicana, chief of the Kaffir tribe, a Christian and a poet, 80.

Sierra Leone, sends colony to Yoruba, Africa, 32;
discovered, 85;
Negro colony founded, 86,67;
attacked by French squadron, 87;
England takes possession of, 87;
population, 88, 90;
trade, 88;
Christian missions at, 89,90;
languages of colony, 90;
character of the inhabitants described by Gov. Ferguson, 90-93;
slaves from, sold at Hispaniola, 138.

Sierra Leone Company, organized, 86,
objects of, 87.

Simon, a negro, bears the cross of Jesus, 5.

Slavery, Hopkins's Bible views of, 7, 8;
in Egypt, 17,
in Africa, 25-27,
Lord Manfield's decision in the Sommersett case, 85;
colonization, the solution of, 97;
abolished in Liberia, 104, 105;
weaker tribes of Africa, chief source of, 109;
introduced in Virginia, 115, 116, 118;
made legal in Virginia, 123, 124;
growth of, in Virginia, 133;
growth in New York, 134;
sanctioned by the English, 138;
New York laws, 139;
made legal in New York, 140;
in Massachusetts, 172-237;
established, 175, 179;
first statute establishing, in United States, 177;
sanctioned by the church and courts, 178;
made hereditary in Massachusetts, 179;
growth of, in Massachusetts, 183;
recognized in England, 203;
act to abolish in Massachusetts, 204;
prohibitory legislation against, 220-225;
first legislation in Maryland, 235;
established by statute, 240;
increased in Maryland, 247;
introduced in Delaware, 249;
first legislation on, 250;
Indian and Negro, legalized in Connecticut, 259;
in New Jersey, 282;
established in South Carolina, 289;
perpetual, 290, 291;
in New Hampshire 309;
memorial against, in Pennsylvania, 313;
prohibited in Georgia, 316;
Gov. Oglethorpe's opinion on, 316;
discussion on the admission of, in Georgia, 318-322;
established in Georgia, 322;
Washington prevents resolutions against, 327;
legislation against, demanded, 403;
act against, in Massachusetts, 405;
progress of, during the Revolution, 411;
as a political and legal problem, 412;
recognized under the new government of United States, 414;
attempted legislation against, 415;
advocated by the Southern States, 418;
speeches delivered in the convention at Philadelphia on, 420;
in the Federal Congress, 427;
extinction of, in Massachusetts, 429;
Franklin's address for the abolition of, 431;
memorials to Congress for the abolition of, 432, 437;
bill for the gradual extinction of, in New York, 440;
firmly established, 441.

Slaves, social condition of white and black, 16;
the lower class of negroes, 47;
Lord Mansfield's decision in the Sommersett case, 85, 86;
declared free on reaching British soil, 86;
introduced in America, 115;
first introduced in Virginia, 116, 118;
on Somer Islands, 118;
number of, in Virginia, 119, 120, 132, 133;
prohibition against, 121;
special tax on female, 122, 123;
sold for tobacco, 122;
laws of Virginia in regard to, 123-125;
act repealed declaring them real estate, 125;
duty on, 126, 127;
purchased in Maryland and Carolina to evade the tax, 128;
tax on sales of, in Virginia, 128;
reduced, 128;
repealed, 128;
revived, 128;
traffic in, encouraged in Virginia, 128;
no political or military rights, 128, 129;
laws in Virginia, 129, 130;
value fixed on, when executed, 129;
laws of Virginia in regard to freedom of, 130;
presented to clergymen, 131;
prohibition against instructing, 132;
denied education, 132;
introduced in New York, 134;
West India Company trade in, 135;
manumitted in New York, 135;
children of the latter held as, 135;
imported from Brazil to New York, 136;
exchanged for tobacco, 136;
intermarry in New York, 137;
New York to have constant supply, 140;
Act to regulate, 140, 141;
Act to baptizse, 140;
against the harboring of, 141, 148;
forbidden the streets in New York, 141;
Negro riot, 143;
Negro plot, 144-171;
executed, 154, 161;
burned, 157;
Negroes exchanged for Indians, 173;
Indians sent to Bermudas, 173;
imported from Barbadoes to Massachusetts, 174;
ship "Desire" arrives with, 174, 176;
attempt to breed, in Massachusetts, 174;
sold in Massachusetts, 175;
issue of female, the property of their master, 180;
marriage of, 180, 191, 192;
sold at Barbadoes and West Indies, 181;
number in Massachusetts, 183, 184;
tax on, 185;
rated as cattle, 187, 188, 196;
denied baptism, 189;
marriage-ceremony, 192;
verdict awarded to a slave in Massachusetts, 204;
number in Boston, 205;
emancipated, 206;
executed in Massachusetts, 226;
transported and exchanged for small negroes, 226;
sue for freedom in Massachusetts, 228-232;
emancipated by England, 231;
slave-code of Maryland, 246;
laws against manumission of, 246, 250;
introduced in Connecticut, 252;
purchase and treatment of, 253;
persons manumitting to maintain them, 254;
commerce with, prohibited, 255;
importation of, prohibited, 259, 261;
impost-tax on, in Rhode Island, 265;
entertainment of, prohibited, 266;
letter of the board of trade relative to, 267;
Rhode Island supplied with, from Barbadoes, 269;
slaves sold in Rhode Island, 269;
value of, 269;
clandestine importation and exportation of, prohibited, 271;
Act relative to freeing Mulatto and Negro, in Rhode Island, 277;
rated as chattel property, 278;
masters of vessels prohibited from carrying Negro out of Rhode
Island, 280;
importation of, prohibited, 280;
allowed trial by jury, in New Jersey, 283;
impost-tax on, 286, 287;
prohibited from joining militia, 288;
regarded as chattel property in South Carolina, 292;
branded, 294;
life of, regarded as of little consequence, 296;
education of, prohibited, 298, 300;
overworking of, prohibited, 298;
insurrection, 299;
enlistment of, 300;
masters compensated for the loss of, 301;
rights of, controlled by the master in North Carolina, 304;
emancipation of, prohibited, 307;
New Hampshire opposed to the importation of, 309;
ill treatment of, prohibited, 311;
duration of, in New Hampshire, 311;
tax on, imported into Pennsylvania, 314, 315;
petition for freedom of, denied, 314;
number of slaves in the colonies 1715 and 1775, 325;
arrival of, at Virginia, from Jamaica, 328;
severe treatment of, modified, 329;
the Boston Massacre, 330;
in the Continental army, 333, 335;
excluded from the army, 335;
allowed to re-enlist, 337;
Lord Dunmore's proclamation freeing, 336;
join the British army, 339;
prohibited from enlisting in Connecticut, 343;
Rhode Island emancipates, on joining the army, 347;
protest against the same, 348;
masters of enlisted, recompensed, 349;
serve in the army with white troops, 352;
Act to enlist, in New York, 352;
efforts to enlist, in South Carolina, 357;
treatment of, by Cornwallis, 358;
exchanged for merchandise, 358;
disposal of recaptured, 374, 376, 379;
recaptured, sent to Boston, 376;
list of recaptured, 377;
held as personal property, 381, 384;
education of, prohibited, 385;
sale of, advertised, 403, 408;
in Massachusetts petition for freedom, 404;
rights of, limited in Virginia, 409;
who served in the army emancipated, 410;
promised their freedom in New York, 411;
impost-tax on, introduced in Federal Congress, 427;
lawsuits instituted by, in Massachusetts, 430;
number of, in United States, 1790, 436;
law for the return of fugitive, 438;
introduction of, prohibited into the Mississippi Territory, 440;
importation of, prohibited in Georgia, 440;
condition of, in Massachusetts, 461;
petition of, in Boston, 462;
Massachusetts laws in regard to, 463.

Slave-trade, commenced at Benin, Africa, 26;
natives of Africa engage in, 27;
suppressed by England, 28, 31;
at Yoruba, Africa, 31;
declared piracy by England, 87;
abolished in Liberia, 104, 105;
earliest commerce for slaves between Africa and America, 115;
introduced first in Virginia, 116, 118;
Dutch engage in the, 124, 135;
tax on the subjects of Great Britain in the, 127;
encouraged in Virginia, 128;
with Angola, Africa, 134;
encouraged by the Dutch, 135;
sanctioned by the English, 138;
encouraged by Queen Elizabeth, 138;
growth in New York, 140;
slave-market erected in New York, 142;
Indians exchanged for Negroes, 173;
in New England, 174;
ship "Desire" built for the, 174;
arrives with cargo of slaves, 174, 176;
on the coast of Guinea, 180;
increased in Massachusetts, 184;
abolished by England, 231;
bill for the suppression of, in Massachusetts, 235;
sanctioned in Rhode Island, 265, 273;
vessels fitted out for the, 269;
slave-market at Charleston, S.C., 299;
the situation of South Carolina favorable to the, 302;
progress during the Revolution, 402;
discussion in Congress on the restriction of the, 434;
act against the foreign, 438.

Slew, Jenny, a slave, sues for her freedom, 228.

Smeatham, Dr., one of the founders of the Sierra Leone colony, 86.

Smith, Hamilton, antiquity of the Negro race, 18.

Smith, Samuel, murders his Negro slave, 461.

Smith, William, volunteers to prosecute the Negroes in New York, 151,
158, 166.

Sommersett, James, a Negro slave, brought to England and abandoned by
his master, 85, 205;
discharged, 206.

Sorubiero, Margaret, connected with the New-York Negro plot, 1741,
147, 152, 153.

South Carolina, slaves purchased in, to evade the tax, 128;
slavery in, 289-301;
receives two charters from Great Britain, 289;
Negro slaves in, 289;
slavery legislation, 289;
slavery established, 289;
perpetual bondage of the Negro, 290, 291;
slaves regarded as chattel property, 292;
trial of slaves, 292;
increase of slave population, 292;
growth of the rice-trade, 292;
trade with Negroes prohibited, 293;
conduct of slaves regulated, 293;
punishment of slaves, 294;
branded, 294;
life of slaves regarded as of little consequence, 296;
fine for killing slaves, 296;
education of slaves prohibited, 298, 300;
permitted to be baptized, 298;
inquiry into the treatment of slaves, 298;
overworking of slaves prohibited, 298;
hours of labor, 298;
slave-market at Charleston, 299;
Negro insurrection, 299;
whites authorized to carry fire-arms, 300;
enlistment of slaves, 300;
Negroes admitted to the militia service, 300;
masters compensated for the loss of slaves, 301;
few slaves manumitted, 301;
little legislation on slavery from 1754-1776, 301;
effect of the threatened war with England, 301;
number of slaves in 1715 and 1775, 325;
efforts to raise Negro troops, 355;
Negroes desert from, 355;
recapture of Negroes from the British, 376;
slave population, 1790, 436.

Spain engaged in the slave-trade, 31;
her colonies in the West Indies to be furnished with Negroes, 237.

Stanley, Henry M., description of a journey through Africa, 72.

Staten Island, N.Y., a Negro regiment to be raised there, 342.

Stephens, Thomas, favors the introduction of slavery in Georgia, 319;
reprimanded, 320.

Stewart, Charles, owner of the Negro slave James Sommersett, 205.

Stone, S.C., a Negro insurrection at, 299.

Swain, John, suit to recover a slave, 231.

Swan, James, advocate of liberty for all, 204.

Swedes, settle on the Delaware River, 312.


Tacudons, king of Dahomey, 28.

Tarshish, Africa, description of, 452.

Taylor, Comfort, sues a slave for trespass, 278.

Teage, Collin, missionary to Liberia, 101.

Tembandumba, queen of the Jagas, 56.

Tharaca, king of Egypt, 454.

Thethmosis, king of Egypt, 459.

Thomas, John, letter to John Adams, 1775, on the employment of
Negroes in the army, 337.

Thompson, Capt, of ship "Nautilus," arrives at Sierra Leone with
Negroes, 86.

Timans, second king of Egypt, 454.

Tutu Osai, king of Ashantee, 34.

"Treasurer," ship, sails to West Indies for Negroes, 116;
arrives at Virginia, 117.

"Tyrannicide," armed vessel, re-captures Negroes, 376.


Uchoreus, king of Egypt, 459.

Undi, African chief, 50.

United States, condition of the Colored population before the war of
1861, 96;
first statute establishing slavery in, 177;
slave population, 1715 and 1775, 325;
confederation of the, 374;
treaty with England, 382;
the Tory party in favor of slavery, 413;
the Whigs the dominant party in the Northern States, 414;
slavery recognized under the new government of the, 414;
anti-slavery agitation in, 414;
plan for the disposal of the Western Territory, 416;
proceedings of Federal Convention, 417;
slave population in 1790, 436.

United-States Congress, action on the disposal of recaptured Negroes,
374;
first session at New York, 1789, 426;
proceedings, 427;
memorials to, for the abolition of slavery, 432, 437;
discussion in, on the restriction of the slave-trade, 433;
prohibits the introduction of slaves into the Mississippi Territory,
440.

Upton, Samuel and William, emancipate their father's slave, 207.

Ury, John, his connection with the New-York Negro plot, 1741, 160,
162, 163, 166;
executed, 169.

Utrecht, the treaty of, to provide Negroes for the Spanish West
Indies, 236.


Van Twiller, Wouter, charged with neglect of public affairs in
New Netherlands, 249;
owner of Negro slaves, 250.

Varick, C├Žsar, charged with burglary at New York, 148.

Varnum, Gen. J.M., letter to Washington on the enlistment of Negroes,
346.

Vaughan, Col. James, Legislature of Rhode Island refund tax on two
child slaves imported by, 276.

Vermont, slave population, 1790;
admitted into the Union, 436.

"Victoria," ship, captures British privateer with Negroes, 376.

Virginia, slavery in, 115-133;
slaves first introduced, 116;
number of, 119;
forced on the colony, 119;
the first to purchase slaves, 119;
women purchased in England and sent to, 119;
number of slaves, 119, 120, 132, 133;
population, 120;
Assembly pass prohibition against Negroes, 121;
slavery legalized, 123;
Indians declared slaves, 124, 125;
Assembly protest against the repeal of the Act declaring Negroes
real estate, 125, 126;



Online LibraryGeorge W. WilliamsHistory of the Negro Race in America From 1619 to 1880. Vol 1 Negroes as Slaves, as Soldiers, and as Citizens → online text (page 56 of 57)