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Year. Name.

1840 William Bishton GarnettjCox'n. 1

1841 Hon. Lewis William Denman 2 .
1841 Robert Henry Cobbold 3 .

1841 Godfrey Meynell .

1842 Hon. Lewis William Denman*

1842 Robert Henry Cobbold .

1843 Hon. Lewis William Denman .

1845 John Richardson 4

1846 Thomas Bucknall Lloyd, 5 cox'n.
1856 Alfred Beale Rocke 6

1869 Richard Tahourdin 7

1874 Percy John Hibbert 8

1875 Percy John Hibbert

1875 Edward Acherley Phillips 9

1879 Humphrey Sandford 10

1880 Humphrey Sandford

1 88 1 Humphrey Sandford

1 William Bishton Garnett, son of the Rev. William Garnett, of Nantwich,
Cheshire, and of Haughton Hall, near Tarporley. Born 1816. At Shrewsbury
School, 1832-1835; B.A., 1840; M.A., 1853; ordained, 1841; Preacher of
Bunbury, 1853 ; assumed the name of Botfield by royal licence in 1863 ; now of
Decker Hill, Salop, and Haughton Hall, Cheshire.

* Hon. Lewis William Denman, son of Lord Denman, Lord Chief Justice of
England. Born 1822. At Shrewsbury School, 1834-1840 ; scholar of Magdalene
College; B.A. (3rd class Classics), 1844; M.A., 1847; ordained, 1844; Vicar of
Escomb, County Durham, 1846-1848; Rector of Washington, County Durham,
1848-1861 ; Rector of Willian, Herts, 1861.

3 Robert Henry Cobbold, afterwards Archdeacon Cobbold.

4 John Richardson. At Shrewsbury School, 1838-1840; B.A., 1844; M.A.,
1848 ; Rector of Willian, Herts, 1853-1858 ; Rector of Sandy, Bedfordshire,
1858 ; rowed also in the Cambridge crew which was defeated by Oxford at the
Thames regatta in 1844 ; President of C.U.B.C., 1845.

3 Thomas Bucknall Lloyd, afterwards Archdeacon Lloyd, Chairman of the
Governing Body of Shrewsbury School.

G Alfred Beale Rocke, son of the Rev. John Rocke, of Clungunford, Shrop-
shire ; 1st class Classical Moderations, 1853 ; 2nd class Lit. Hum., 1855 ; Student
of Christ Church, 1854-1861; B.A., 1855; M.A., 1858; Student of Lincoln's
Inn, 1858. Died June I3th, 1887.

7 Richard Tahourdin. B.A., 1870 ; M.A., 1873 J Curate of Wylye, Wilts,
1870-1871; Curate of Wilton, 1871-1874; minor Canon of Windsor, 1874-
1881 ; Vicar of Twickenham, 1885-1895 ; Vicar of Send, Woking, 1895.

8 Percy John Hibbert, son of the Right Hon. J. T. Hibbert. B.A., 1874;
M.A., 1878.

9 Edward Acherley Phillips, son of the Rev. John Phillips, M.A., Rector of
Ludlow. B.A., 1867. Died 1882.

10 Humphrey Sandford. B.A., 1880 ; M.A., 1883 ; won theColquhoun sculls,
and was in the winning boat in the University fours and pairs in 1878.


Year. Name. College. University.

1887 Joseph Robinson Orford 1 . King's . . Cambridge.

1888 Colin Basil Peter Bell 2 . . Trinity Hall . . Cambridge.

1889 Colin Basil Peter Bell . . Trinity Hall . . Cambridge.

1891 John Vaudrey Braddon, 3 cox'n. Trinity Hall . . Cambridge.

1892 John Vaudrey Braddon, cox'n. Trinity Hall . . Cambridge.
1894 Edward Grosvenor Tew 4 . . Magdalen . . Oxford.


Mention has been made in a former chapter of the abhor-
rence with which Dr. Butler regarded football, 5 and of the
difficulties under which the boys used to labour of finding a
field in which they could play the game without being
interrupted by the interference of its owner, or by the
inopportune arrival of the Rev. Arthur Willis mounted on
his chestnut pony. The only playground of their own in
which Shrewsbury boys could possibly play football was the
small field below the Ball Courts, and this was in full view
of the Head Master's windows. But probably their delight
in the game was enhanced, rather than lessened, by the
existence of these difficulties ; and, somehow or other, there
was a good deal of football played in the later years of
Dr. Butler's head -mastership by G. C. Uppleby, Robert
Phayre, Edgar Montagu, Lewis Denman, and other athletes
of the school. Some of these devoted football players were
instrumental shortly afterwards in starting a football club at
Cambridge and drawing up rules, which were framed with
the view of enabling players from other schools to join the
club on fairly equal terms. One year Shrewsbury men up
at Cambridge managed to get together fifteen players for a
match against a Rugby twenty-five, and the match ended
in a draw, neither side kicking a goal.

1 Joseph Robinson Orford. Person Prize, 1885 ; Browne Medal, 1885 ; fourth
Classic, 1885 ; called to the Bar, 1890 ; M.A., 1896.
* C. B. P. Bell left Cambridge without taking a degree.

3 John Vatidrey Braddon. B.A., 1895 5 called to the Bar, 1894.

4 Edward Grosvenor Tew. B.A., 1895.

5 Dr. Butler's sentiments about football take various forms of expression in the
\ recollections of Old Salopians. He is said to have described football on one

occasion as "only fit for butcher boys," and on another, as "more fit for farm
boys and labourers than for young gentlemen."


The next year saw a renewal of the contest, " Old Salopians
versus Old Rugbeians," but this time both sides mustered
twenty-five players. The result was again a draw, each side
obtaining two goals.

From the time Dr. Kennedy was made Head Master, and
the Coton Hill field was provided by him as the boys' play-
ground for all purposes, the difficulties in the way of playing
football disappeared. At once it was recognized as one of
the organized school games, and after a time it became the
most important among them. Three times a week during
the season a "douling" game was instituted, in which all
boarders who were not specially exempted on medical
grounds were expected to take part. This practice of
"douling" to football was allowed by the school authorities,
but the severity or leniency with which the "douling" was
exercised depended much on the discretion of the football
captain for the time being.

The popularity, however, which football has now for many
years enjoyed at Shrewsbury dicLjQQt .come all , at once.
There_js no doubt that Dr. Butler's opposition to games
produced a remarkable and far-reaching effect upon the
school. Boating, football, and the runs were all carried on for
years during his head-mastership in the face of his opposition,
and in spite of established regulations. Thus it became
a cherished tradition of school life that one of the keenest
pleasures connected with games arose out of their illegality.

Dr. Kennedy, as we have seen, legalised boating soon after
he came to Shrewsbury in 1836. But he only permitted it
to be carried on within rather narrow limits ; and one of the
pleasures of boating in his early years was undoubtedly
derived from an occasional disregard of these limits. The
runs furnish a still stronger example. For twenty years
they were carried on in defiance of all regulations as to
"bounds," and after they had been at last formally recog-
nized by the Head Master on certain conditions, to which
the praepostors gave their written assent, within a year the
conditions were calmly set aside on the principle that
"stolen fruit is always the sweetest," and the old runs "out


of bounds" were once more resumed by the R.S.S.H. It is
not surprising, therefore, to learn that for some years after
the old difficulties in the way of football had been removed
the game was neither flourishing nor popular. But about
1846 or 1847, f r some unexplained reasons, it began once
more to excite a keen interest among Shrewsbury boys, an
interest which they retained subsequently at Oxford and
Cambridge. Between 1854 and 1860 there were few better
players at Cambridge than Shrewsbury men. Some of them
shared with Etonians and Carthusians the credit due to
expert dribbling, and many of them were vigorous forward
players. No eleven would have been considered represent-
ative of Cambridge football in those days without a
sprinkling of Shrewsbury men. And since that time the
game has never been allowed to languish at Shrewsbury.

In the course of the year 1861 some old Cambridge
friends, resident in Shropshire, who had learned their foot-
ball at Charterhouse or Harrow, and had kept it up with
vigour and success on Parker's Piece afterwards, were
venturous enough to get up an eleven to play the school
at football. The experiment thus made was often repeated
in subsequent years, and these matches did much to foster
and improve football at Shrewsbury.

Many Old Salopians will remember what a number of

brilliant football players the school produced between 1860

and 1870. But it was not till the season of 1 876-77 .that

Shrewsbury played its first football match with another

school eleven. Since that time many other matches have

been played, some with Rossall, some with Repton, and

some with Malvern. In these matches the results have

been on the whole decidedly favourable to Shrewsbury. The

/most distinctive features of the game, as formerly played at

*l Shrewsbury, were these :

(1) There was no crossbar between the goal posts, and
a ball kicked between the posts counted as a goal, however
high it went.

(2) The offside rule was strict, and no loitering was allowed
between the ball and the opponents' goal.


(3) A free punt or drop kick was allowed to any player
who fairly caught the ball in his arms or hands after it had
been kicked by one of his opponents and before it touched
the ground. After 1864 it was entirely forbidden to touch
the ball with the hands, except for the purpose of making
a catch, under penalty of a free kick to the other side.

At the present time Shrewsbury football is played entirely \
according to Association rules. I

Results of matches played between Shrewsbury and other /
schools : l


1876-1877 Shrewsbury drew with Uppingham

1888-1889 Shrewsbury beat Rossall .

1889-1890 Shrewsbury beat Rossall .

1890-1891 Shrewsbury beat Rossall .

1891-1892 Shrewsbury beat Rossall .

1892-1893 No school match

1893-1894 Repton beat Shrewsbury .

1894-1895 Shrewsbury beat Repton .

1895-1896 Shrewsbury drew with Repton

1895-1896 Shrewsbury drew with Malvern

1896-1897 Shrewsbury beat Malvern .

1896-1897 Shrewsbury drew with Repton

1897-1898 Repton beat Shrewsbury .

1897-1898 Shrewsbury beat Malvern .

Number of goals.
For. Against.


4 ...
6 ...

15 ...

2 ...


I ::: I

I ...

2 ... 2

2 ...

3 ... i


It is uncertain at what time the school eleven first began
to play cricket matches with neighbouring clubs ; but the
custom of doing so certainly prevailed during the greater
part of Dr. Kennedy's time. 2 For one of the earliest and
most regular of these matches the boys were indebted to
Mr. Eyton, of Wellington. Other clubs with which the school
eleven used occasionally to contend were Wem, Bridgnorth,

1 The prosperity of football at Shrewsbury during the last twenty-five years is
further shown by the facts that, since 1874, the year in which the first inter-
university match was played under Association rules, nineteen Shrewsbury men
have taken part in the annual contest. Several of these have also gained
international honours.

2 The scores in the matches played by the school eleven in 1842 and 1843 ar e
preserved in a manuscript volume presented to the school library in 1898.


Newport, and Wenlock. Home and home matches with
two different clubs were permitted during the cricket season,
one of the conditions of the out matches being that a master
should accompany the eleven. But his presence did not
always prevent the occurrence of evils similar to those
against which Dr. Kennedy had to contend in the cases of
" hounds' slays," " leaving breakfasts," and other school insti-
tutions. And when it was proposed, about 1864, that the
out matches should be altogether given up, and that no
limitation should in the future be put on the number of
home matches to be played during the season, provided
they were played on half-holidays, and did not begin till
after second lesson, Dr. Kennedy gladly agreed to the
change, which was all the more welcome from the fact that
the proposal emanated from the captain of the Cricket Club.
About the same time, or perhaps a year or two later, arrange-
ments were made for the boys to play their matches on the
ground belonging to the Shropshire Cricket Club, which,
besides being nearer to the school, was, of course, kept
in much better order than was possible with the Coton
Hill playground.

But although Shrewsbury did turn out some good
cricketers in Dr. Kennedy's time, among whom " Teddy
Dowson " occupied the most prominent place, only three
of them ever found their way into a university eleven, S. N.
Micklethwait, William Inge, and E. L. Home. At the
present time Shrewsbury can boast a cricket ground which
is probably truer, as well as more extensive, than that
possessed by any other public school. The first occasion
on which Shrewsbury ever played cricket against another
school was in 1854, when a match between the Shrewsbury
and Birmingham elevens resulted in a "draw." No other
school match was played before 1871, except one in 1866
with Bradfield, of which the details are not forthcoming,
when Shrewsbury was easily beaten.

Since 1870 a match has been played nearly every year
either with Malvern or with Rossall. On one occasion also,
when the Uppingham boys had migrated temporarily to


Borth, there was a match between their eleven and Shrews-
bury. The results of all these school matches, which have
been for the most part unfavourable to Shrewsbury, are as
follows :

Year. Result. Score.

1854 Drawn match. Birmingham lost no wicket J 1 131

in the second inning . j Birmingham { 94

1866 Bradtield beat Shrewsbury easily . .

r Shrewsbury j Io8
1871 Malvern won by five wickets . . . <

\Malvern |?*

( Shrewsbury \ ^4
1874! Malvern won by ten wickets . . s

( Malvern

1875 Malvern won in one inning, with 101 runs f Shrewsbury j u g

tos P are ' ' I Malvern 246

1876 Uppingham won in one inning, with forty- f shrewsbur y | 7 g

six runs to spare . . . \ Uppingham 2o8

( Shrewsbury
1876 Malvern won by one wicket .

I Malvern


C Shrewsbury -j 55

1877 Malvern won by 179 runs . . { I 3 2


I 140

1878 Malvern won in one inning, with 117 runs r Snrewsbui 7 | ^j

to spare 1 ., ,

I Malvern 166

( Shrewsbury
I879 1 Malvern won in one inning . . I

(Malvern 121

1882 Drawn match. Shrewsbury lost eight | shrew sbury | ||

wickets in the second inning

6 ( Rossall 20



1884 Rossall won by ten wickets .

I Rossall

1 No school match was played in 1872, 1873, !88o, or 1881.


Year. Result. Score.

1885 Rossall won in one inning, with twenty- J Shrewsb ury | * 7

seven runs to spare. . . \ Ro5sall ^

1886 Rossall won in one inning, with thirty-two f shrewsbur y ^ 6g

runstos P are ' | Rossall 158

1887 Rossall won in one inning, with ten runs f Shrewsbur y { 8 2

tOS P are ' I Rossall 192

( Shrewsbury { ^
1892* Shrewsbury won by 192 runs . . <

I Rossall I 52

1893 Drawn match. Shrewsbury lost six wickets f shr ewsbury | j*

in the second inning . . | Rossall

1894 Rossall won in one inning, with 239 runs f Snrewsbur y | 77

tos P are 1 Rossall 380

f Shrewsbury 1 l

1895 Shrewsbury won by seven wickets . . <

(Rossall {J7

1896 Rossall won by 1 1 5 runs, having closed the ( Shrewsbury { *?

second inning after the loss of three <

wickets (Rossall { j?

1897 Shrewsbury won in one inning, with fifty f Shrewsbur y 2 4&

runs to spare . . \ Rossall 1 109

1898 Drawn match. Rossall had lost nine f shrewsbur y l6

wickets in the second inning . 1 T? 11 / 69

The list of Old Salopians whose cricket prowess has earned
for them a place in the Oxford or Cambridge elevens is sadly
scanty. We can only hope that with their magnificent
cricket ground, and the improved professional instruction
which they enjoy, Shrewsbury boys may do better things in
future in the cricket way. The names of Salopians who

1 No school matches were played in 1883, 1888, 1889, 1890, and 1891.


have played in the university match are only seven in
number :

Sotheron Nathaniel Micklethwait, 1 Magdalene College, Cambridge 1843
Charles Thomas Calvert, 2 St. John's College, Cambridge . .1848
William Inge, 3 Worcester College, Oxford . . . . 1853

Edward Larkin Home, 4 Clare Hall, Cambridge . 1855, 1857, 1858

George Kemp, 5 Trinity College, Cambridge . . 1885, 1886, 1888

George Barkley Raikes, 6 Magdalen College, Oxford . . 1894, 1895

John Burrough, 7 Jesus College, Cambridge . . . 1895


*~ ~ i 11^

Organized meetings fof^athletic : sgqrts are of comparatively
modern origin, both at the universities and at the public
schools. The Royal Military Academy at Woolwich seems to
have set the first example of such a meeting in 1849. Exeter
College, Oxford, followed suit in 1850, and Kensington
Grammar School in i852. 8 The Shrewsbury "May Races,"
by which name the annual school meeting for athletic sports
was known for many years, were in existence as early as
1840, but for a long time they remained races and nothing
more. They have always been under the management of
the officials of the Hunt, and were originally called the
R.S. Hunt Races. Even before 1840, and probably in Dr.
Butler's time, races of a less formal character appear to have
taken place in the cricket field at Coton Hill. But the first
race meeting of which distinct evidence is obtainable was
held in the field below the Ball Courts in 1840. On this
occasion the chief race was called " The Derby," and its

1 S. N. Micklethwait. Born 1823; B.A., 1846; M.A., 1850; ordained,
1848 ; Vicar of Hickling, Norfolk, 1849-1884. Died March 25th, 1889.

2 C. T. Calvert. B.A., 1848; M.A., 1851; called to the Bar at Lincoln's
Inn, 1851.

3 W. Inge. Provost of Worcester College, Oxford.

4 E. L. Home. At Shrewsbury School, 1849-1854 ; B.A. (thirty-fifth
Wrangler), 1858 ; M. A., 1861 ; curate of Great Dunmow, 1859-1861 ; curate of
Great Waltham, 1864; Vicar of Whissendine, Rutland, 1864.

5 George Kemp. B.A. (2nd class in Classical Tripos) 1888 ; M.P. for Hey-
wood Division of Lancashire, 1895.

6 G. B. Raikes. B.A., 1895.

7 John Burrough. B.A., 1895 ; ordained, 1896; curate of Whitton, Cheshire,

8 See the Badminton volume on athletic sports.


winner is said to have been a boy named Kearsley. The
programme for the "Hunt Races" of 1843 nas been
preserved. It comprises six "events," including a hurdle
race. The meeting took place on February 25th, and
was under the management of R. W. Kenyon and E. Tyley
as "stewards," Frank Parker as "clerk of the course," and
R. W. Kenyon as "judge." According to the writers of the
treatise on athletic sports in the Badminton series, steeple-
chases at Shrewsbury are to be heard of soon after 1837.
But the first steeplechase of which any mention is made in
the run books took place on April I2th, I845. 1 Since that time
it has been an annual occurrence at the school. Formerly
it was the custom to make considerable preparations for a
week or two before the steeplechase took place, the hedges
being thickened and the brooks dammed in order to increase
the difficulties of the course. About 1858 a second steeple-
chase was instituted for the younger boys, under the title of
the " junior steeplechase." Both these contests were popular
at Shrewsbury, and used to attract many Old Salopians and
other friends of the school to the Berwick Road on the days
when they were fixed to be run. The first " May Races,"
which can properly be described as a meeting for athletic
sports, took place in 1854. The programme in that year
included hurdle races, long jump, high jump, throwing the
cricket ball, and sack races.


An account has been given in one of the earlier chapters
of this book of a great military display which was made in
1582 by the scholars of Shrewsbury School for the enter-
tainment of Sir Henry Sidney. The whole school at the
time seems to have composed one big volunteer corps.

1 In the winter of 1835-36, or possibly a year or two earlier, a point-to-point
cross-country steeplechase was arranged among the " gentlemen " of the R.S.S.H.
Unfortunately the Old Salopian who remembers it was not one of the
competitors, being a ' ' hound " at the time, and is unable to say much of the
details. But in company with many other boys he saw the "finish" at a little
inn on the Chester Road. The starting point had been the cricket field, and the
distance covered was about three miles. The runners came in in two lots,
having taken different courses across country.



On May 2nd, the day appointed for the display, the boys
marched from the school in battle order, 370 strong, under
the command of their general and captains, with drums
beating, trumpets sounding, and flags waving, to a large field
in the Abbey Foregate, known as The Geye. Here Sir Henry
had already taken up his position, mounted on a "lusty
courser," and the boys proceeded at once to form themselves
into a hollow square, with the Lord President and his com-
pany in the centre. Various orations were then made by
the general and some of his captains, declaring the full
resolve of all to fight valiantly in defence of their country ;
and Sir Henry, in reply, not only expressed the great pleasure
the display had given him, but highly complimented the
masters on the eloquence of the speeches he had heard from
the officers of the boy volunteers. 1

More than two hundred years later England was once
more threatened by a serious danger, and we again hear of
volunteers in connection with Shrewsbury School.

In the year 1803 the news that a French camp was being
formed at Boulogne, and that vast preparations were in
progress on the other side of the Channel with the evident
intention of making a serious attempt to land an army on our
coasts, caused a general outburst of military spirit throughout
England, and volunteer corps were formed in every direction.

The new Head Master had not as yet been long enough
at work to bring back to Shrewsbury School the numbers
and reputation which it enjoyed at the time when Sir Henry
Sidney reviewed the school volunteers of 1582 in The Geye.
But still there were boys enough in the school to form two
companies of volunteers, one of " dismounted cavalry," under
the command of Captain Evans, 2 and the other of infantry,
under Captain Gilby. 3

1 See the Taylor MS.

2 There were four boys named Evans in the school at the time, all of them sons
of Dr. Evans, of the Council House. The captain of the dismounted cavalry was
probably John Evans, the eldest of the four, who graduated at Clare Hall, Cam-
bridge, in 1809, as sixth Wrangler, and afterwards became a fellow of his college.

3 Captain William Robinson Gilby, who was seventh Wrangler in the same
year as John Evans, was of Trinity College, and also gained a fellowship.


The school volunteers are said to have been fully armed,
and an interesting account has been preserved of the
ceremonious presentation of colours to the two companies
on September 26th, 1803. Miss Evans, a Warwickshire
young lady, who was probably a near relation of Dr. Evans,
of the Council House, in Shrewsbury, the father of one of
the boy captains, made the presentation to the cavalry, and
Miss Kynnersley, of Leighton, to the infantry. The cornet
and the ensign, who received the colours from the hands of
their captains after the presentation had been made, were
William Gryffydd Oakeley, of Tan-y-bwlch, and Valentine
Vickers, of Cranmere, near Bridgnorth.

Once again since that time has a volunteer corps been
formed at Shrewsbury School. This was in i860. 1 The
corps numbered about eighty strong. The volunteers were
supplied with disused carbines, which answered fairly well
for purposes of instruction in the manual and platoon exer-
cises. A fife-and-drum band was attached to the corps, and,
under the efficient teaching of Bandmaster Hay, used to play
very spirited music, which was highly appreciated by the
boys, though perhaps it was not so popular among the people
who lived in the immediate neighbourhood of the schools.

Unfortunately the corps never possessed rifles, and the
boys had no opportunity of learning to shoot. Company
drill and long marches into the country with the band in
attendance were pleasant novelties for a time ; but the
interest which the boys took in them at first soon began to
flag, and after two or three years the corps died a natural

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