must be well thinned and stopped above the
fruit. To have the fruit is the object.
L. cerasifij'rme (cherry-shaped). 3. Green.
hi' t cum (yellow -fruited], 3.
Green. July. 1596.
rcummutu'twn (changed). 3. Yellow. July.
escule'ntum (eatable). 3. Green. July.
chrysoca'rpum (yellow - fruited).
3. Green. July. 1596.
erythroca'rpum (red- fruited). 3.
Green. July. 1596.
lettcoe'a'rpum (white-fruited). 3.
Green. July. 1.596.
Hutntw'ldtii (Humboldt's). 3. Yellow. Au-
1'eruviu'num (Peruvian). 3. Yellow. May.
1823. Stove herbaceous.
procu'mbens (lying-down), l. Cream. July.
" i ~ ]>yrifo'nne (pear-shaped). 3. Yellow. Au-
LYCO'BIS. (The name of a woman
in lloman history. Nat. ord., Amaryl-
lids [Amaryllidaceie]. Linn., 6-.He.r-
andria l-Monogynia. Allied to Valotta.)
Hardy bulbs from China. Aurea is a pretty
bulb, with greyish leaves, requiring a deep
sandy soiled border, but as it grows all the win-
ter, it is best kept in a pot. Radiuta is a sly
bloomer. For culture see Amaryllis.
L. au'rca (golden). 1. Yellow. August. 1777-
rridia'ta (rayed). 1$. Pink. June. 1758.
strami'nea (straw- coloured - flowered},
Striped. June. 1847-
LYGO'DIUM. Snake's Tongue. (From
lyr/odes, Hexible; referring to the twin-
ing habit. Nat. ord., Ferns [Polypo-
diaceffi]. Linn., ^-Cryptogamia 1-
Stove climbing Fern*. See Ferns.
L. urtieula'tum (jointed). Brown, yellow. May.
New Zealand. 1844.
circina'tum (curled). 6. Brown. August.
East Indies. 1823.
flexuolsum (zig-zag)^ Brown, yellow. May.
East Indies. 1834.
hasta'tiim (halbert-shaped). 6. Brown.
August. Maranhatta. 1820.
Japo'nicum (Japanese). Brown, yellow.
May. Japan. 1830.
- MMnum (Mexican). Brown. Mexico.
1 83 1 1
palma'tum (hand- shaped). 6. Brown.
August. North America.
polymo'rphum (many-form). 6. Urown.
August. South America. 1820.
sca'ndens (climbing). 6. Brown. May.
East Indies. 1/93.
venu'stum (pleasing). Brown, yellow. May.
South America. 1845.
coM bible (twining). 6. Brown. August.
West Indies. 1810.
LYO'NIA. (Named, by Nuttal, after
J. Lyon,- an American collector of
plants. Nat, ord., Hcathworts [Erica-
cere]. Linn., W-Decandria l-Mono-
yynla. Allied to Andromeda.)
Hardy, white-flowered evergreens from North
America. Chiefly by layers, in a damp peat
border ; also by seeds in sandy peat, best under
hand-lights, and sparingly covered ; sandy
peat, and cool situation. Several species of
Andromeda should be moved to this genus.
L, capreafo'lia (tendril-leaved). 3. July. 1812.
ferrugi'nea (rusty). 3. June. 1734.
frundo'sa (leafy). 3. May. 1806.
multiflo'ra. (many-flowered). 2. July.
panicula'ta (panicled). 3. May. 17~48.
ri'gida (stiff). 20. July. 1774.
LYO'NSIA. (Named after J.-Lyoiix,
who first taught botany to Sir Joseph
Banks. Nat. ord., Dogbanes [Apocy-
iiaceui]. Linn., ^-Pentandria, l-Mono-
yynla. Allied to Parsonsia.)
Greenhouse evergreen twiner. Cuttings of
the young shoots, in sand, under a glass, and
in a close frame, in April, sandy peat, with a
little fibry loam. Winter temp., 40 to 48.
L, strami'nea (straw-coloured). 6. Striped.
June. New Holland. 1820.
LYPE'RIA. (From lyperos, sad ; from
the dullness of some of the flowers.
Nat. ord., Fiyu-orts [Scrophulariacea?].
Linn., I-L-Didynamia 2-Angiospermia.
Allied to Manulea.)
Greenhouse evergreens from Cape of Good
Hope. By seed in a slight hotbed in March
and April, and cuttings of young shoots in
spring and autumn, in sandy soil, under a
hand-glass ; sandy loam ; the protection of a
cold pit, or greenhouse in winter. Erinus
Lychnidea and tristis should be added to this
L. arge'ntea (silvery). l. White. August.
fra'grans (fragant). . White, purple.
peduncula'ta (long - flower - stalked). 1 .
White. August. 1790.
pinnati'fida (leaflet-like-teawed). . Purple.
viola'cca, (violet). 2. Violet. July. 1816.
LYSIMA'CHIA. Loose-strife. (From
lysis concluding, and machc, strife ; sup-
posed soothing (Dualities. Nat. ord.,
Primeworts [PrimulaceiE]. Linn., 5-
All yellow-flowered, except where otherwise
mentioned. Division, in spring, and cuttings
of the young shoots, under a hand-light, in
sandy loam, in a shady corner. There are a
few annuals and biennials not worth culture.
L.atropurpu'rea (dark - purple). 1. Dark
purple. August. Levant. 1820. Her-
~ ca'ndida (white). 1. White. June. China.
macula'ta (spotted). 3. June. New Hol-
land. 1822. Evergreen trailer.
L. affi'nis (related). 2. July.
angustifo'lia (narrow-leaved). 1^. July.
North America. 1803.
Aso'rica (Azorean). &. June. Azores. 1831.
capita'ta (headed). 1. June. North America.
cilia 1 ta (hair-fringed). 2. July. North
Ephe'merum (transient). 2. White. Au-
gust. Spain. 1730.
hy'brida (hybrid). l. July. North Ame-
lobelioi'des (Lobelia-like). 1. White. July.
North of India. 1840.
longifo'lia (long-leaved). 2. July. North
L. nummula'ria (Moneywort-like). ^. June.
puncta'ia (dotted). 14. July. New Hol-
quadrifo'lia (four-leaved). 2. July. North
stri'cta (erect). 1$. July. North America.
thyrsiflo'ra (thyrse-flowered). l. June.
verticilla'ta (whorled). 1. July. Crimea.
LYSINE'MA. (From lysis, freeing, and
nema, a filament. The stamens not
adhering to the sides of the corolla, as
is usual in this Nat. ord., Epacrids
[Epacridaceas] . Linn., 5 - Pentandria
1-Monoyynia. Allied to Epacris.)
Greenhouse evergreen shrubs from New Hol-
land. Cuttings of the young shoots, getting
firm at the base ; short shoots, a couple of
inches in length, are the best ; in sand, under a
bell-glass, in the beginning of summer; rough
sandy peat, with pieces of charcoal, broken
bricks, and freestone, and well-drained. Winter
temp., 40 to 45.
L. attenua' turn (thin). 2. White. February.
cons/; i'cuum (conspicuous). 3. March. 1824.
lasia'nthum (hairy -flowered). 2. Pink.
pentape'talum (five- petaled). 2. Pink.
plt'ngens (pungent). 2. White. March.
rubrum (red). 2. Red. March.
LYSIONO'TUS. (From lysis, freeing,
and notos, the hack; seed-vessel open-
ing from the back. Nat. ord., Gesiier-
worts [Gesneracea?]. Linn., 14-Z>if///-
namia I - Gi/rnnospcrmia. Allied to
Stove herbaceous. Seeds, in light sandy soil,
in a hotbed, in spring ; division of the plant, at
the same time ; peat and loam. Summer temp.,
60 to 75 : winter, 45 to 50.
L, longiflo'rus (long-flowered). Crimson. No-
LY 'THRUM. (From lylhron^ black-
hlood ; the prevailing purple colour of
the flowers. Nat. ord., Loosestrifes
[ Ly thracea? ] . Linn . , 1 1 - Dmicca n dria
All purple-flowered, except lineare. Seeds
of annuals, in the common border, in spring ;
perennials, by division, at the same time ;
ulatum is an old resident of the greenhouse,
propagated by division, and cuttings of the
young shoots, or the points of old ones, and
forms a fair bed of purple for the flower-garden
in summer, requiring the greenhouse or cold
frame in winter, The following are all hardy
herbaceous, except ala'tum, just mentioned,
and Greefferl, which is a hardy annual.
L. ala'tum (wing-stalked). 3. July. Ame-
Grce'fferi (Grseffer's). lj. July. Italy. 1800.
lanceola' turn (spear - head - leaved). July.
linea're (narrow-fcuwed). l. White. July.
North America. 1812.
myrtifo'lium (Myrtle- leaved). 2. July.
North America. 1820.
Salica'ria (Willow-tike). 4. July. Britain.
tomento'sum (woolly). 2. July. Caucasus.
virga'tum (twiggy), 3. July. Austria. 1//6.
MA'BA. (From the native name.
Nat. ord., Ebcnads [Ebenacese]. Linn.,
22-Z>ifecia 6-Hexandria. Allied to Dios-
Stove evergreen shrubs. Cuttings of half-
ripened shoots, in May, under a glass, in sand,
over fibry peat, and a very slight bottom-heat ;
peat and loam.
L. buxifo'tia (Box-leaved). J$. Yellow. East
Indies. 1810. Stove.
luuri'na (Laurel-like). 3. July. New
MACBBI'DEA. (Named after Dr.
Macbride, of S. Carolina. Nat. ord.
Labiates or Lipivorts [Laruiaceee] .
Linn., 1-i-Didynamia 1-Gymnospermia.
Allied to Melittis.)
Greenhouse evergreen. Cuttings of young
shoots, getting firm at their base, in May ; loam
and a little sandy peat, well-drained.
L.pu'lchra (pretty). Red striped. July. Ca-
MACLEA'NIA. (Named after John
Maclean, Esq., of Lima, a British mer-
chant, and a distinguished patron of
botany. Nat. ord., Cranberries [Yacci-
niacese]. Linn., IQ-Decandria 1-Mono-
yynla. Allied to Thibaudia.)
Greenhouse evergreens. Cuttings, under a
hand-light or belUglass, of the points of the
shoots, when getting firm at their base, in sand,
and kept close in a cold pit, a little air left
under the glass, if placed in a slight hotbed ;
sandy loam and fibry peat. Winter temp., 40
L. angula'ta (angled). 3. Red, yellow. June.
corda'ta (heart-teoued). Orange. Mexico.
longiflo'ra (.long-flowered). 5. Red. May.
MACLEA'YA. (Named after A. Mac-
leay, a British naturalist. Nat. ord.,
Poppy worts [Papaveracese]. Linn.,
\\-Dodccandria l-Monogynia. Allied
Hardy herbaceous. By seeds, and dividing
the roots in spring ; rich soil.
M. corda'ta (heart- Jeaued). 6. Red, yellow.
June. China. 1795.
MACLU'RA. (Named after W. Mac-
lure, a North American geologist. Nat.
ord., Morads [Moraceee]. Linn., 21-
Moucecia i-Tctrandria. Allied to Brous-
Cuttings of ripe shoots, under a glass, in
heat ; aurantiaca by cuttings of the root and
layers ; soil, peat and loam. Although auran-
tiaca is hardy, it requires a warm situation.
M. auranti'aca (Osage-orange). 20. North
America. 1818. Hardy deciduous.
Plumie'ri (Plumier's). 20. West Indies.
1804. Stove evergreen.
tincto'ria (dyer's). 20. West Indies. 1739.
MACRADE'NIA. (From makros, long,
and aden, a gland ; referring to the long
process of the pollen masses. Nat.
ord., Orchids [Orchidaceoe]. Linn.,
2Q-Gynandrta 1-Monandria. Allied to
Stove orchid. Division when growth is com-
mencing ; fibry peat, charcoal and broken pots
and sphagnum ; the plants raised above the
pot requiring a strong moist heat in the orchid
house, when growth is proceeding, and cooler
and drier when resting.
M, lute'scens (clay-coloured) . 4. Olive. Novem-
ber. Trinidad. 1821.
MACRA'NTHUS. (From makros, long,
and anthos, a flower. Nat. ord., Legu-
minous Plants [Fabaceae]. Linn., 17-
JJiadelphia ^-Decandria. Allied to
The seed pods are used in Cochin China as a
vegetable, cooked like kidney beans. Hardy
climbing annual ; by seeds, in a hotbed, har-
dened off, and then grown out of doors, or in a
greenhouse ; rich loam, and a little peat.
M. Cochinchine'nsis (Cochin-China). White.
June. Cochin China. 1826.
MACROCNE'MUM. (From materos, long,
I and knemc, a leg ; referring to the
i flower-stalks. Nat. ord., Cinchonads
[Ginchonacea?]. Linn., b-Pentandria
1-Monogynia. Allied to Portlandia.)
Stove evergreen trees. Cuttings of ripe
shoots, in sand, under a bell glass, and in a
brisk bottom heat ; peat and fibry loam, well
drained. Winter temp., 55 to 60 ; summer,
60 to 85.
M. Jamaice'me (Jamaica). 14. White. Ja-
tincto'rium (dyeing). 30. Red. September.
MACROMEDIA. (From makros, long,
and mem, a part ; referring to the un-
usual length of the stamens. Xat. ord.,
Borageivorts [Boraginacete]. Linn., 5-
Pcntandria \-Monogyn ia. )
Half-hardy evergreen shrub; requiring the
protection of a cold pit in winter ; seeds and
divisions in spring ; sandy loam and fibrypeat.
M. exse'rta (projecting-s^amened). 3. Yellow.
September. Mexico. 1846.
MACRO'STYJJS. (From .makros, long,
and sty Us, a style, or female organ.
Nat. ord, Eueworts [Rutacere]. Linn.,
^-Penlandria \-M<mo<jynia. Allied to
Greenhouse evergreen shrubs from Cape of
Good Hope. Cuttings of young shoots getting
firm, in April or Way, in sand, under a bell-
glass, and kept in a close place, but without
bottom-heat ; sandy peat and fibry loam, but
most of the former. Winter temp., 40 to 48.
saliva. Nat. ord., Composites [Astera-
ceffi]. Linn., W-Synyenesia Z-Super-
Jlua. Allied to Sphenogyne.)
Hardy annuals. Seeds in a slight hotbed, in
March or April, and afterwards transplanted, or
sown in the middle of May, on a warm border,
where they are to bloom ; any garden soil, if
not fully exposed to the midday sun, for then
there will be no danger of a rusty appearance.
M. (:arymb(>'sa(corymbe<l). White. September.
e'leguns (elegant). 1$. Yellow. August.
North West America. 1831.
sati'i'u (cultivated). Yellow. July. Chili.
M^K'S'A. (From maas, the Arabic
name of one of the species. Nat. ord.,
Anlisiiufs [Myrsinaceae]. Linn., f>-
Poilamlria 1-Monoyyn-la. Allied to
Stove evergreen shrubs, with white blossoms,
from the East Indies. By seeds, which are ;i
considerable time in vegetating ; by cuttings of
the half-ripened shoots, in sand, over sandy
peat, under a bell-glass, and in bottom-heat ;
M.farbn'ta (bearded). 2. White, May. 1810. pea t and loam. Winter temp., 50 to 60 ;
barbi'gera (beard-bearing). Lilac. April, j summer, 60 to 85.
crn-da'ta~(he*rt.leaved). Lilac. April. 1823. ' M-arge'ritea (silvery). 5. April. 1818.
obtu'sa (blunt- leaved}. 2. Purple. May.
lanceola'ta (spear-head-tet't'rf). 2.
Purple. May. 1774.
oblo'nga (oblong-feamf ) . 2. Pur-
ple. May. 1774.
ova'ta (egg-leaved). 2. ' Purple.
snuarro'sa (spreading). Lilac. April. 1821.
MACRO'TROPIS. (From makros, long,
and t rop?'s, a keel : referring to the
I'ndica (Indian). 5. November. 1817.
macrophy'lla (large-leaved). 12. June. 1818.
nemora'Ks (wood). 5. March. 1830,
pube'scens (downy). 4. June. 1824.
MAGNO'LIA. (Named after Professor
M(u/iwl, of Montpelier. Nat. ord.,
Mai/noliads [Magnoliaceaj]. Linn., L'l-
length and name of the lower part of
u pea flower. Xat. ord., Lcffuminmm
Plants [Fabacere]. Linn., 10-Decandria
l-Monoyynia. Allied to Sophora.)
Greenhouse evergreen shrubs from China.
Cuttings of small side shoots taken on" in
spring, in sand, under a bell-glass ; seeds sown
in a slight hotbed, and potted off when up ;
peat and loam, in equal divisions. Wiuter
temp., 40 to 48.
M.fv'tida (fetid). 6. Yellow. April. 1820.
inodo'ra (scentless). White. April. 1821.
MADAUSCAR NUTMEG. slya(ho]>/iy'l-
MADAGASCAR POTATO. Sola'num an-
MA.D- APPLE, finlii'mnn insn'nmn.
MA'DIA. (The Chilian name of M.
A noble genus, all white-flowered, except
where otherwise mentioned. Propagated by
seeds, layers, grafting, and budding, and each
of these modes best suit different kinds. Seeds
of most of the American kinds are easily pro-
cured thence, and from France, where in their
clearer sky the trees thrive better, and ripc7i
their seeds, which they seldom do with us.
The seeds should be sown in a hotbed, in spring,
and a little patience should be exercised until
the seedlings make their appearance, when they
must be successively potted, and kept several
years in a cold pit in winter. Though the most
vigorous plants are thus raised, yet as they are
long in blooming, preference is usually given to
plants raised from layers of all the stronger
growing kinds. These are generally laid down
in the autumn, and the best part of two years
generally elapses before they are fit to be moved,
when they should be potted, and kept in a pit
\ until well established. No one should purchase
a young plant, except in a pot, as the few, but
large fleshy-roots are easily injured. Some of
the more succulent- stemmed kinds, with large
pith, can neither be easily layered or grafted
f such as Tripetata and Macrophylln. For these
I seedlings are the best, and the seed ripens
freely in different parts of France. Most of
the varieties, and the weaker species, may be
budded, and grafted, and inarched, on the
stronger growing more easily reared kinds.
Obovuta and accuminata are "much used for
this purpose. In most cases it requires a con-
siderable time to effect the union. In many
cases, where inarching is resorted to, two years
must elapse before the separation can be
effected safely. The tenderer Chinese and
Asiatic species require, in general, protection in
winter ; the former a cold pit or greenhouse, the
latter a wall, &c. They are propagated by
layers, and also by cuttings, as well as seeds.
The cuttings should be of ripe shoots, and in-
serted in sand under a glass. Many kinds,
however, will propagate by the herbaceous-
like young shoots, but more attention to shad-
ing, c., is required. All delight, when planted
out, in a deep sandy soil, quite dry, and en-
riched with peat, and a little leaf mould.
Glaucu, however, generally thrives best in a
peaty soil rather retentive of moisture.
M. conspi'eua (conspicuous). 30. March.
obova'tu (reversed-egg-Zeawd). 6. Purple.
July. China. 1/90.
- dia'color (two-coloured). 6. Purple,
white. May. 1790.
M. fuscu'ta (bro\\n-stalkad) . 3. Brown. April.
- anonesfo'lia (Anona - leaved). 3.
Red. June. China. 1/8Q.
odorati'ssima (sweetest-scented). 10. July.
Java. 1829. Stove.
grandiflo'ra (large-flowered). 20. August.
- nngustifo'lia (narrow - leaved).
20. July. Paris. 1825.
- -/><> (curled). 20. June.
- elli'ptica (oval). 20. August.
- Exonie'nsis (Exeter). 20. Au-
gust. North America.
- -.ferrugVnea (rusty). 20. Au-
gust. North America.
- lanceola'ta (spear-head-/eaued) .
20. August. Carolina. 1734.
20. August. Carolina. 1734.
- pree'cox (early). 20. August.
-rotundlfo'lia (round-leaved). 20.
August. North America.
Ko'lus (Kobus). Purple, white. July.
Hcumina'ta (pointed-tenoed). 6q. Yellow,
green. June. North America. 1/36.
Cundo'llii (De Candolle's), 60.
June. North America. 1736.
'" ma'xima (largest-teai'J). 60.
June. North America. 1736.
jl/. auricula' ta (mt-leaved}. 40, April. Ca
curda'ta (heart-feaird). 40. June. North
glau'ca (milky-green). 20. July. North
Burchellia'na (Burchell's - dowi/e),
. Gordonia'na (Gordon's-do6/<0- 20.
gru'cilis (slender). Purple. April. Japan.
macrophy'lla (large-,leaved) . 30. July,
North America. 1800.
purpn'rea (purple). Purple. April. Japan,
pyramida! ta (pyramidal). 20. May. Ca-
Mpe'tala (three-petaled). 30. May. North
MAGPIE MOTH. See Aiii'axas.
MAHE'RNIA. (An anagram of Her-
man-ilia, an allied genus. Nat. ord.,
Byttncriads [By ttneriacerc] . Linn., l(i-
Monatlclphia '2-Penlandfla, )
Greenhouse evergreen shrubs, about two feet
high, from the Cape of Good Hope. Cuttings
of young shoots, an inch or two in length, in
sandy soil, under a glass any time in summer ;
tibry loam and sandy peat, with lumps of char-
coal and broken pots, intermixed when grown
in pots. In summer they will do in the flower
garden, and did the flowers look up a little
more, they would be very interesting; from
their habit they are seen to best advantage in
M.glabm'ta, (smooth). Yellow. June. 1789.
g'ranSiflo'fa (large-flowered). Red. June.
heterophy'lla (various - leaved). Yellow.
inci'sa (cut-leaved). Yellow, white. July.
o.mlidifo'lia (Oxalis-leaved). Yellow. June.
pulche'lla (neat). Reddish. July. 1/92.
vernica'ta (varnished). Vermilion. July.
; verticilla'ta (whorled). Yellow. July. 1820.
' vesica'ria (bladdery) . Yellow. June. 1818.
MAHOGANY TREE. Swiele'nla.
MAHO'XIA. A synonyme of Berber is.
MAHU'REA. (The native name.
Nat. orcl., Theafls [Ternstromiacero].
Linn., IG-Monadelphia ft-Polyandrta.
Allied to Stuartia.)
Stove evergreen tree. Cuttings of half-
ripened shoots in sand, under a bell-glass, and
in a moderate bottom heat, any time in sum-
mer ; sandy peat and fibry loam. Winter
temp., 50 to 00 ; summer, 60 to 80.
M.palu'stris (marsh). 15. Purple. May.
MAIDEN HAIR. Pnssijlo'ra adia'ntum,
and Adia'ntum capi'Uus vt'ncris, &c
MAIDEN HAIR TREE. SaUabn'ria
MAIDEN PLUM. Comoda'dia.
MAIDEN TEEE is a seedling tree
which has not heen grafted.
The time which elapses before seed-
lings attain a bearing age is very va-
rious. The pear requires from twelve
to eighteen years ; the apple five to
thirteen ; plum and cherry four to five ;
vine three to four ; raspberry two ; and
the strawberry one.
MAI'RIA. (Derivation not explained.
Nat. ord., Composites [Asteracese] .
Linn., IQ-Syngencsia \-JEqualis. Allied
Half-hardy herbaceous plants from Cape of
Good Hope ; seeds, and division in spring ;
requiring the protection of a dry cold pit in
winter ; sandy loam and a little peat.
M. crena'ta (scolloped-Jeawerf). Lilac. April.
ten/o'/icK Yew -leaved). Yellow. July. 1816.
MAJE'TA. (The native name. Nat.
ord., Mdastomads [Melastomacea?].
Linn., W-Decandria l-Monoyynia. Al-
lied to Medinilla.)
Stove evergreen shrub. Cuttings of young
shoots, getting a little firm, in sandy soil, and
in bottom-heat, in April or May ; peat and loam,
with a little charcoal, and brick rubbish. Win-
ter temp., 5d to 60; summer, 60 to 80.
M. Guiane'nsis (Guianan). 2. White. Guiana.
MAJORA'NA. See Ori'yanum.
MALABAB LEAF. Cinnwno'mwn Ma-
MALABAR NIGHTSHADE. Base'lla.
MALABAR ROSE. Hili'scm Ro'sa Ma-
MALOCHODE'NDRON. See Stua'rtia.
MALA'XIS. (Fromwiotem, delicate;
referring to the whole plant. Nat.
ord., Orchids [Orchidaceffi]. Linn., 20-
Gynandria l-Monandria. Allied to
Terrestrial orchids, growing in sandy peat,
and in moist places ; division of the roots.
M. paludo'sa (marsh). *. Yellow, green.
July. England. Hardy.
Partho'ni (Parthon's). Green. June. Brazil.
MALAY APPLE. Jambo'sa Malacce'nsis.
MALCO'MIA. (Named after W. Mai-
com, mentioned by Bay. Nat, ord.,
Crucifers [Brassicaceae]. Linn., 15-
Telmdynamia. Allied to Hesperis.)
Hardy annuals, blooming in June, if sown
early in April, but a succession may be kept up
by sowing in the three following months ; com-
mon garden soil. Arenaria, Chia, incrassatu,
and maritima, are the handsomest.
M. Africa'na (African). 3. Purple. Africa.
arena'ria (sand). Violet. Algiers. 1804.
Cfti'a(Chian. Dwarf -branching) . 1. Purple.
ero'sa (gnawed-teaed). . Portugal. 1818.
incrassa'ta (thick -leaf- stalked). Purple.
interme'dia (intermediate). Purple. Ca-
la' cera (torn-leaved). White, yellow. South
la'xa (loose). 2. Purple. Siberia. 1820.
littore'a (shore). 1. White, yellow. South
lyra'ta (lyre-shaped), fc. Purple. Cyprus.
mari'tima (sea-side). |. Violet. South
parviflo'ra (small -flowered). . Lilac.
South Europe. 1823.
runcina'ta (runcinate). Purple. Caraccas.
taraxacifo'lia (Dandelion-leaved). 4. Purple.
MALE-FERN. Aspi'dium fi'lix-ma's.
MALESHE'RBIA. Named after a
French patron of botany. Nat. ord.,
Crownworts [Malesherbiacese]. Linn.,
f) - Pentandria 1 -Mon oyynia. )
Greenhouse annuals from Chili. Seeds sown
in a hotbed, in March, seedlings pricked off,
potted, and flowered in the greenhouse ; sandy
peat and fibry loam, with a little very reduced
M.fascicula'ta (fascicled). White. July. 1832.
hu'milis (humble). . White. 1831.
linearifo'lia (narrow-leaved). l. Purple,
blue. September. 1831.
thyrsiflo'ra (thyrse-flowered). Yellow. July,
MALFORMATION. See Deformity.
MALLOW HOSE. Hibi'scus moschen'-
MA'LOPE. (From waJos, soft or
tender; referring to the texture of
the leaves. Nat. ord., Mallowworts
[Malvaceae]. Linn., IG-Monadelphia