high, and air must be proportionately
admitted. As the beds decline, to re-
novate them, the earth must be taken
off clean, and if the dung is decayed
they must be re-formed, any good spawn
being preserved that may appear; but
if the beds are dry, solid, and full of
good spawn, a fresh layer of compost,
three or four inches thick, must be
added, mixed a little with the old, and
beaten solid as before.
Mushrooms may be grown in a
cellar, or other vaulted place, with
equal success, and not unfrequently
j with a greater advantage, the same
I rules being adopted ; but no fire is
I necessary, and less water.
[ 622 ]
Spawn, where to be found. Spawn is
constituted of masses of white fibre
arising from the seeds of mushroom?
that have fallen into situations suitabl
for their germination, from which it is
to he obtained : such places axe stable
dung-hills, dungy horse-rides in stable
yards, horse mill-tracks, dry spongy
composts : the droppings of hard-fee
horses also produce it in greater abun
dance than the dung of any other ani
mal ; and more sparingly under sheds
where horses, oxen, or sheep have been
kept. The dung of the two latter affords
it in greater perfection than that oJ
grass-fed horses. It has also been
found in pigeons' dung ; but the most
certain mode of obtaining it is to open
the ground about mushrooms growing
in pastures, though it is said not to be
Time of Collecting. July, August,
and September ; it being reckoned in
the greatest perfection in this last
month. It may be found, however,
and should be collected, when it ap-
pears in the spring. It generally occurs
spread through the texture of cakes, or
lumps of dry rotted dung. Put it in a
heap under a dry shed ; and a current
of air, passing through the shed, is of
great utility. If kept dry, spawn may
be preserved three or four years ; if
damp, it will either vegetate before
being planted, or putrefy.
Spawn must not be so far advanced
in vegetation as to appear in threads
or fibres ; for, when in this state, it is
no longer applicable to a mushroom-
bed; it may produce a mushroom if
left to itself, but otherwise is useless.
Spawn proper for inserting in a bed
should have the appearance of indis-
tinct white mould.
May be raised. Spawn is capable of
being raised artificially. The following
is the manner : Two barrow-loads of
cow-dung, not grass-fed, one load of
sheep's-dung, and one of horses', well-
dried and broken so small as to pass
through a coarse sieve, are well mixed,
and laid in a conical heap during
March, in a dry shed, being well trod,
as it is formed, to check its heating
excessively. This heap is covered with
Jiot dung, four inches thick, or only
with mats if the shed is warm ; for
here, as in all the stages of growth, the
heat should only range between 55
and 60. In about a month the heap
is examined ; and if the spawn has not
begun to run, which is shown by indis-
tinct white fibres pervading its texture,
another covering of equal thickness to
the first, is applied over the old one ; in
another month it will indubitably make
its appearance. The time varies from
three to ten weeks.
May be increased. If a small quan-
tity of spawn only can be collected, it
may be increased in the following me-
thods, the first of which is chiefly re-
commendable on account of its sim-
plicity and facility of adoption :
Small pieces of the spawn may be
planted a foot asunder, just beneath
the surface of the mould of a cucum-
ber-bed constructed in the spring. In
about two months the surface of the
spawn will assume a mouldy appear-
ance ; it may then be taken up, with
the earth adhering to it, and when dried
stored as before directed.
The second mode is variously prac-
tised. In the course of May a heap of
the droppings of cow, sheep, and
horses, or any one or two of them,
without the admixture of any unde-
composed straw, is to be collected, and
and one-fifth of road-scraping with one-
twentieth of coal-ashes added, the
whole being mixed together with as
much of the drainings from a dunghill
as will make it of the consistency of
mortar. Being well incorporated, it is
then to be spread in a dry, sheltered,
airy place, on a smooth surface, and
beaten flat with a spade. When become
of the consistency of clay, it is to be
cut into slabs about eight inches square,
a hole punched half through the mid-
dle of each, and piled to dry, an open-
ng being left between every two bricks.
tVhen perfectly dry, a fragment of the
ipawn is to be buried in the hole pre-
riously made: it will shortly spread
hrough the whole texture of the slabs,
f kept in a warm dry place, when each
may be broken into four pieces, and
hen quite dry laid on shelves
eparate, and not in heaps, otherwise a
)ed will be formed for the spawn to
[ 623 ]
run in. Mr. Wales recommends the
composition to consist of three-parts
horse-dung without litter, two of rotten
tree-leaves, two of cow-dung, one of
rotten tanners' bark, and one of sheep's
dung, mixed to the consistency of mor-
tar, and moulded in small frames like
those used by brick-makers, six inches
long, four broad, and three deep. Three
holes to be made half through the
bricks, an inch apart, with a blunt
dibble, for the reception of the spawn.
They should be put on boards for the
convenience of moving abroad during
fine days, as they must be made per-
fectly dry, which they often appear
to be on the ^outside when they are
far otherwise internally. Before they
are perfectly dry they require great
care in handling and turning, from
their aptitude to break ; but in about
three weeks, if dry weather, when
perfectly dried, they become quite firm.
To pervade them with the spawn,
a layer of fresh horse-litter, which has
laid in a heap to sweeten, as for a hot-
bed, must be formed, six inches thick,
in a dry shed. On this a course of the
bricks is to be laid, and their holes
completely filled with spawn; and, as
the bricks are laid in rows upon each
other, the upper side of each is to be
scattered over with some of the same.
The bricks are not placed so as to
touch, so that the heat and steam of
the dung may circulate equally and
freely. The heap is to terminate with
a single brick, and when completed,
covered with a layer, six inches thick,
of hot dung, to be reinforced with an
additional three inches after a lapse of
two weeks. The spawn will generally
have thoroughly run through the bricks
after another fortnight. If, however,
upon examination, this is not found
to be the case, they must remain for ten
days longer. The bricks being allowed
to dry for a few days before they are
stored, will then keep for many years.
Mr. Oldaker recommends the bricks
to be made of fresh horse-droppings,
mixed with short litter, to which must
be added one-thind of cow-dung, and a
small portion of earth, to cement them
together. The spawn to be inserted
when they are half dry.
Quantity required. One bushel of
spawn is required for a bed five feet by
ten ; two bushels for one double that
length ; and so on in proportion.
MusK-FLOWEK. Mi'mulus moscha'tiis.
MUSK-ACRO. HibVscus Abelmo'scus.
MUSSJE'NDA. (The Cingalese name
of M. frondosa. Nat. ord., Cinchonads
[Cinchonaceee]. Linn., 5-Pentandria
l-Monogynia. Allied to Gardenia.)
Stove evergreens. Cuttings, in sandy soil, in
heat, under a glass, in May ; loam and peat.
Winter temp., 50; summer, 60to 85.
M. cocci'nea (scarlet). 20. Red. August.
corymbo'sa (corymbed). Orange. May.
East Indies. 1827.
frondo'sa (leafy). 8. Yellow. August.
East Indies. 1814.
gla'bra (smooth). 6. Orange. July. East
macrophy'lla (large-leaved). 8. Orange.
May. Nepaul. 1827.
specio'sa (showy). 6. Red. August. Tri-
MUSTAED (Sina'psis a'lba) succeeds
best in a fine, rich, mouldy loam. In
early spring, and late in autumn, the
situation should be sheltered; and,
during the height of summer, shaded
from the meridian sun.
Smviny, for salading, may be through-
out the year. From the beginning of
November to the same period of March,
in a gentle hotbed, or in the corner of
a stove. From the close of February
to the close of April, it may be sown in
the open ground, on a warm, sheltered
border, and from thence to the middle
of September in a shady one. For
salading, sow in flat-bottomed drills,
about a quarter-of-an-inch deep and
six inches apart. The seed cannot
well be sown too thick. The earth
which covers the seed should be very
fine. Water must be given in dry wea-
ther, as a due supply of moisture is
the chief inducement to a quick vege-
tation. The sowings are to be per-
formed once or twice in a fortnight,
according to the demand. Cress (Le-
pi'dium sati'vum) is the most constant
accompaniment of this salad-herb ; and
as the mode of cultivation for each is
the same, it is only necessary to re-
mark that, as cress is rather slower in
vegetating than mustard, it is neces-
sary, for the obtaining them in perfec?
tion at the same time, to sow it five or
six days earlier. Cut for use whilst
young, and hefore the rough leaves
To obtain Seed, sow thin. When the
seedlings have attained fqur leaves,
thin them to eight or nine inches apart.
If dry weather occurs at the time of
flowering, water may he applied with
great advantage to their roots. The
plants flower in June, and are fit for
cutting when their pods are brown.
They must he thoroughly dried hefore
threshing and storing.
Forcing. For forcing, sow in boxes
or pans, even if a hotbed is appropriated i
to the purpose. Pans of rotten tan are
to be preferred to pots or boxes of
mould ; but whichever is employed,
the seed must be sown thick, and other
directions attended to, as for the open-
ground crops. The hotbed need only
MUTI'SIA. (Named after G. Mutis,
a South American botanist. Nat. ord.,
Composites [ Asteracese] . Linn., ]0-
Syngenesia % Superflw. Allied to Bar-
Stove climbers. Cuttings of half-ripened
shoots, in May, in sand, under a bell-glass, and
in a gentle bottom-heat. Common stove temp.
M. latifolia should be tried against a wall.
M. aruchnoi'dea (cobweb-like). 6. Red. July.
ilicifo'lia (Holly- leaved). 10. South America.
latifo'lia (broad-leaved). 10. Pink, yellow.
September. Valparaiso. 1832.
MY'AGIIUM. (From myia, a fly, and
agra, capture ; referring to the clammi-
ness of the plant. Nat. ord., Crucifers
[Brassicaceffi]. Linn., 15-Tetradynamia.
Allied to Isatis.)
Hardy annual. Seeds, in open border, in
M. perfolia'tum (leaf-stem-pierccd). ^. Pale
yellow. June. France. 1648.
MYA'NTHUS. Flywort. (From myia t
a fly, and anthos, a flower ; its appear-
ance when dried. Nat. ord., Orchids
[Orchidacese], Linn., 20-Gynandria 1-
J\fon<indria.) Flowers of M. larlatus
and Monachanthus viridis have been
produced on a spike of Calusctnm,
showing the uncertainty of the laws on
which genera and species are founded
in Orchids. Catasetum being the older
name, Monachanthus and Myanlhns have
been united to it. See Catase'tum.
MYCARA'NTHES. An orchid allied to
Eria ; same derivation as Myunthm*.
For culture see Catase'tum.
M. obli'qua (twisted-leaved). White. Singapore.
MYGI'NDA. (Named after C. Mygind,
a German botanist. Nat. ord., Spindle-
trees [Celastraceae] . Linn., -i-Tctrandria
3-Telragynia. Allied to Elreodendron.)
Evergreen shrubs, all white-flowered but one.
M. myrtifolia is hardy ; propagated by cuttings
of the ripened shoots, in sand, under a hand-
light, in autumn ; the others require stove
treatment, and are propagated by ripe shoots
in sand, under a bell-glass, in heat ; loam and
peat, sandy and fibry.
M. integrifo'llu (whole-leaved). 4. Marti-
latifo'lia (broad-leaved). 4. April. W. Indies.
myrtifo'lia (Myrtle-leaved). 4. June. N.
lMco'jwa(Rhacoma). 4. Jamaica. 1/98.
urago'ga (diuretic). 4. Purple. August.
S. America. 1/90.
MYLOCA'KYUM. Buckwheat - Tree.
(From my It; a mill, and karyon, a nut ;
having four-winged seeds. Nat. ord.,
Cy rill-ads [Cyrillacere]. Linn., 10-De-
candria 1- Monogyn ia. )
Half-hardy evergreen shrubs. Cuttings of
half-ripened shoots, in sand, under a glass ;
sandy loam and dried leaf-mould ; sheltered ,
dry, warm border, or the protection of a cold
pit in winter.
M. ligustri'num (Privet-Me). 8. White. May.
MYO'POIUTM. (From myo, to shut,
and poros, a pore, or opening ; referring
to the transparent dots on the leaves.
Nat. ord., Myoporads [Myoporacea?].
Linn., l^L-Didynamia Q-Amjiospciinia.')
Greenhouse, white-flowered, evergreen shrubs,
from New South Wales. Cuttings of the points
of shoots getting firm at their base, in sand,
under a bell-glass, in April ; loam and peat,
fibry and sandy, with pieces of charcoal inter-
mixed. Winter temp., 38 to 48. M. purvi-
folium and others would, no doubt, succeed
against a wall, where protection could be given
M. acumina' turn (pointed-leaved). 3. 1812.
crassifo'lium (thick-leaved). 1^. New Zea-
diffu'sum (spreading). 3. April.
cili'ptimim (oval-leaved). 2. February. 1/89.
insula're (island). 3. February. 1800.
montu'num (mountain). 2. 1823.
oppositifo'lium (opposite-leaved). 3. 1803.
parvifo'lium (small-leaved). 1803.
I 'W J
M. serra'tum (s&w-leaved). 6. White, purple.
tubercula'tum (tubercled). 3. 1803.
MYOSO'TIS. Forget-me-not. (From
mys, a mouse, and otis, an ear ; resem-
blance of the leaves. Nat. ord., Boraye-
worts [Boraginaoee], Linn., 5-Pen-
Seed for annuals, and also for the perennial
herbaceous species, most of the latter freely, by
dividing the root in spring ; the scarcer ones by
cuttings in a shady place, in summer, under a
hand-light ; moist places by the side of ditches
and ponds suit the most of them. M . palustris
is the true " Forget-me-not." It, as well as
others, may be treated like Alpine plants in
winter, and have a saucer of water below the
pot in summer, when they will bloom long and
M. Alpe'stris (Alpine). . Blue. July. Swit-
Azo'rica (Azorean). 1. Dark blue. Au-
gust. Azores. IS-ifi.
azu'rea (light-blue). Blue. June. Corvo. I
ctespito'sa (tufted), f. Blue. June. Britain.
macroca'lyx (large-calyxed). jj.
Blue. June. Britain.
intermedia (intermediate). . Blue. April.
nn'na (dwarf). . Blue. July. Europe.
palu'stris (marsh). 1. Blue, yellow. July.
re'pens (creeping). 1. Pale blue. June.
rubi'cola (rock). Blue. Scotland.
sparsiflo'ra (scattered-flowered). 1$. Blue.
May. South France. 1822.
M. arve'nsis a'lba( white-corn-field). $. White.
Austra'lis (southern). Blue. June. New
South Wales. 1824.
Calif o'rnica (Californian). 14. White.
August. California. 1837.
claoa'ta (club-leaved). Blue. June. Siberia.
colli'na (hill). . Blue. May. Britain.
commvtafta (changed). Blue. June. Europe.
littora'lis (sea-shore). Blue, yellow. April.
Caspian Sea. 1836.
- peduncula'ris (long - flower - stalked). U.
Blue. June. Astracan. 1824.
ungula'ta (clawed). Blue. June. Siberia.
MYR'CIA. (A name of Venus. Nat.
ord., MyrtleUooms [Myrtaceae], Linn.,
1%-Icosandria l-Monogynia. Allied to
Stove white-flowered evergreens. Cuttings
of stubby young shoots, getting a little tirm
at their base, in sand, under a bell-class, and
in a mild bottom-heat, in May ; sandy peat and
iibry loam, with charcoal nodules to keep it.
open. Winter temp., 50 to 60; summer, 60
M. a'cris (sharp-flavoured). 20. June. West
bracteu'ta (bracted). 4. May. Brazil. 1824.
coria'cea (leathery- leaved). 4. Carribean
crassine'rvia (thick-nerved). May. Guiana.
plmentoi'des( Allspice-like). 20. May. West
pseu'do-mi'ni (false-Mini). May. Brazil.
soro'ria (sister). 5. May. Trinidad. 1822.
sple'ndens (shining). 12. May. Hispaniola.
MYRIA'CTIS. (From myrios, a myriad,
and aktin, a sunbeam ; referring to the
florets. Nat. ord., Composites [Astera-
cese] . Linn., 19-Syngenesia Z-Snperflua.
Allied to Bellis.)
Half-hardy herbaceous. Seeds, in spring, in
a gentle heat ; division of the plant as growth
commences ; sandy loam ; the protection of a
cold pit will generally be necessary in winter.
M. Gmeli'ni (Gmelin's). White. June. Persia.
MYRIADE 'NUS. ( From myrios, myriad ,
and aden, a gland ; the leaves are
thickly beset with glands. Nat, ord.,
Leguminous Plants [Fabacece]. Linn.,
Stove biennial. Seeds sown at the end of
August, in a hotbed ; seedlings potted off and
kept over the winter in a medium temperature
of 50, and rather dry, and potted again in
spring, will flower in the beginning of summer ;
sown in spring in a hotbed, and similarly treated,
they will bloom towards autumn ; light, rich,
M. tetraphy'llus (four- leaved). 1. Yellow.
July. Jamaica. 1818.
MYRI'CA. Candleberry Myrtle. (From
myrio, to flow, inhabiting the banks of
rivers. Nat. ord., Galeworts [Myrica-
cefle]. Linn., 22-Dicecia -i-Tetrandria.)
The berries of M . cerifera yield a large pro-
portion of wax, of which candles are made
hence the name. Greenhouse kinds by cuttings,
under glass, in a shady place, in autumn and
spring, but without bottom-heat; peat, moist
and sandy. Hardy kinds by seeds sown as soon
as ripe, by layers, by cuttings, and by suckers
and division. The Gale is one of our hardiest
plants, and is used for many purposes, such as
placing its leafy dried twigs among clothes to
give them an agreeable scent, and keep away
moths, and to banish vermin from beds. The
berries put into beer render it as intoxicating
as those of the Cocc-ulus indicvs, and when dis-
tilled, while they are fresh, they yield an essen-
tial oil. All like rather moist sandy peat.
[ 6-20 ]
M. ceri'fera (wax-bearing). 8. May. North
America. 1699. Deciduous.
lutifo'lia (broad-leaved). 6. May.
North America. 1730. Evergreen.
Ga'le (Sweet. Gale). 4. May. Britain.
GREENHOUSE EVERGREEN SHRUBS.
M. escule'nta (eatable -berried}. 20. May.
hirsu'ta (hairy). June. Cape of Good Hope.
Mexica'na (Mexican). 8. February. Mexico.
quercifo'lia (Oak-leaved). 3. June. Cape
of Good Hope. 1752.
MYRICA'RIA. (From myrike, the
Greek name of the Tamarisk. Nat.
ord., Tamarisks [Tamaricacese]. Linn.,
Hardy, pink-flowered, evergreen shrubs.
Cuttings of young-shoots, in spring or autumn,
in sandy soil, under a bell-glass, or if under a
hand-light, all the better ; sandy loam and leaf
mould, and all the better for a little peat.
M. Dahu'rim (Dahurian). 6. Dahuria. 1816.
Germa'nica (German). 8. July. Germany.
MYRIOPHY'LLUM. Water Milfoil.
(From myrios, a myriad, and phyllon,
a leaf. Nat. ord., Hippurids [Halora-
gacejfi]. Linn., 21-Moncecia Q-Polyan-
dria. Allied to Hippuris.)
Hardy perennial British water plants, suitable
for the margins of lakes, ponds, &c. Chiefly
by division, ; ponds and ditches ; interesting
M. altermflo'rum (alternate-^owwed), 1 . July.
pectina'tum (comb-leaved). Rose. July.
spica'tum (spiked). 1. Red. July.
verticilla'tum (whorled). 1. Green. July.
MYRI'STICA. Nutmeg. (From my-
risticos, sweet smelling. Nat. ord.,
Nutmegs [Myristacese]. Linn., 22-
Stove evergreens. Cuttings of ripened shoots,
in sand, under a bell-glass, and in a sweet bot-
tom heat ; sandy loam and fibry peat. Winter
temp., 55 to 60 ; summer, 60 to 85.
M.fa'tua (tasteless). 30. Green, white. Suri-
moscha'ta (musky. True nutmeg}. 30.
Pale yellow. East Indies. 1795.
sebi'fera (wax-bearing). 10. Velio w, green.
MYRO'DIA. (From myron, fragrant
balsam, and odme, smell. Nat. ord.,
Sterculiads [Sterculiaceffi]. Linn., 10-
Monadelphia 8-Polyandria. Allied to
Stove evergreen. Cuttings of half-ripened
shoots, in sand, under a bell-glass, and in heat;
rich sandy loam,
Winter temp., 55; summer,
60 to 85
M. turbina'ta (top-shaped-ea/^erf). 6. White.
West Indies. 1793.
M YRO SPE'RMUM. (From myrow, myrrh ,
or aromatic balsam, and sperma, a seed ;
the seeds yield a strong- smelling resin.
Nat. ord., Leguminous Plants [Fabaceffi].
Linn., 10-Decandria \-Monogynia. Al-
lied to Sophora.)
This is the genus which produces the balsam
of Tolu and balsam of Peru, used in perfumery
and in the preparation of lozenges. Stove
evergreen trees. Cuttings of half -ripened
shoots, in sand, in summer, under a bell-glass,
and in bottom heat ; loam and peat, with an
addition of silver sand and leaf-mould. Winter
temp., 55 ; summer, 60 to 85.
M.frute'scens (shrubby). 10. Rose. May.
perui'ferum (Peru - balsam - bearing). 40.
White. Peru. 1824.
pube'scens (downy) = 40. White. Cartha-
tolui'ferum (Tolu -bearing). 40. Cream.
South America. 1733.
MY'RRHIS. Myrrh. (From myrrah,
myrrh, or perfumed balsam. Nat. ord.,
Umbellifers [Apiacese]. Linn., 5-Pen-
tandria 2-Diyynia. Allied to Scandix.)
This is the British Myrrh, formerly used in
various ways. Hardy herbaceous. Seeds,
dividing at the root, and slips inserted early in
spring, in a shady place ; common garden soil.
M. odora'ta (sweet-scented). 2. White. May.
MY'RSINE. (The ancient name of
myrrh. Nat. ord., Arisiads [Myrsina-
cese]. Linn., 2%~Polyyamia 2-J)icecia.
Allied to Ardisia.)
Greenhouse evergreens. Cuttings of stubby
shoots before they are quite ripe, in sand, under
a glass, in heat ; fibry loam and sandy peat.
Winter temp., 38 to 48.
M. Africa'na (African). 4. Brown. May.
Cape of Good Hope. 1691.
- retu'sa (bent, back -leaved). 2.
White, green. June. Cape of Good
bifa'ria (two-rowed-/mwed). 20. White,
pink. January. Nepaul. 1822.
Canarie'nsis (Canary -Island). 30. Whitish.
capitella'ta (small-headed). 30. Green.
January. Nepaul. 1822.
coria'cea (leathery). 8. December. Ja-
ilicifo'lia (Holly-leaved). 1826.
melano'phleos (black-paper). 3. White,
green. Cape of Good Hope. 1783.
mi'tis (mild). 6. White. July. Cape of
Good Hope. 1692.
Saifia'ra (Samara). 3. White, green, Cape
of Good Hope, 1770,
[ 627 ]
M. semiserrn'ta (half-saw-edged). 30. .Pink.
January. Nepaul. 1822.
subspino'sa (slightly-spined). 20. Nepaul.
varia'bilis (variable). 3. July. New South
MYESIPHY'LLUM. (From myrsine,
myrrh, and phyllon, a leaf; aromatic
leaves. Nat. ord., the asparagus section
of Lily worts [Liliacese]. Linn., Q-Hex-
Greenhouse deciduous twiners, with greenish
white flowers, from Cape of Good Hope. Divi-
sion of the root, in spring ; sandy loam and
dried leaf-mould. Winter temp., 40 to 48.
M. angustifo' Hum (narrow-leaved). 6. July.
asparagoi'des (Asparagus-like). 6. June.
MY'RTUS. The Myrtle. (~Frommyron,
signifying perfume. Nat. ord., Myrtle-
blooms [Myrtaceae], Linn., 12-Icosan-
The French perfume called Eau d'Ange, is
obtained from the distilled water of myrtle
flowers ; and myrtle berries and flower-buds are
eaten in Italy for pepper. Evergreens, and all
white-flowered but two. Cuttings of half-
ripened shoots, in sandy soil, under a glass ;
sandy loam and a little peat or leaf-mould, or
very old, rather dry cow-dung. Winter temp.,
38" to 45. The stove kinds merely require a
higher temperature. The varieties of communis
are propagated by cuttings, or by grafting and
budding on the commoner kinds. In the South
of England the myrtle flourishes against a wall,
but north of London, in such a position, it re-
quires protection in winter.
M. biflo'ra (two-flowered). 10. May. Jamaica.
buxifo'lia (Box-leaved). 6. Isle of Burbon.
dumo'sa (bushy). 3. June. West Indies.
Gre'gii ( Greg's). 6. Dominica. 1776.
mespiloi'des (Medlar-like). 50. Isle of Bur-
obscu'ra (doubtful). 6. July. Maranham.
orbicula'ta (round-leaved). 6. Mauritius.
virgulto'sa (twiggy). 6. July. Jamaica.
M. affi'nis (kindred). 6. Purple, June. China.
commu'nis (common) . 6. June. South
bce'tica (Baetic). 6. July. South