Hardy annual. Cultivated like Poduspcrmum.
P. multiflo'ra (many-flowered). . Pale lilac.
August. California. 183d.
POJXCJA'NA. Flower Fence. (Named
after Pn'nu-.l, onco governor of the An ;
tillcs. Nat. ord., Leguminous Plants
[Fabacesej. Linn., W-Decandria 1-
Monocjynia. Allied to Cassalpinia.)
Stove evergreen shrubs. Seeds, in a brisk
bottom heat, in spring; cuttings of stubby
young shoots, in sand, under a bell-glass, in
heat ; rich sandy fibry loam. Winter temp.,
50 to 60 ; summer, 60 to 90.
P. ela'ta (tall). 15. Yellow. E. Indies. 17/8.
Gillie'sii (Gillies's). 4. Yellow. July.
insi'gnis (noble). 15. Copper. S.America.
I pulche'rrima (very fair). 10. Red, yellow.
July. E. Indies. 1691.
I re'giu (royal). Crimson. Madagascar. 1828.
POINSE'TTIA. (Named after its dis-
coverer, M. Poinsette. Nat. ord., Spurge-
worts [Euphorbiaeeee]. Linn., 2l-Mo-
ncecia \-Monandria. Allied to the
Stove Mexican evergreen shrubs. Cuttings
taken off in spring, or when the old plant has
done flowering ; dried at the base after cutting
to a joint, and after several days inserted in
sandy loam, in a gentle hotbed ; sandy loam
and a little peat and leaf-mould. Winter temp.,
50 to 60 ; summer, 60 to 85. When done
i flowering, they may be kept dry, in a tempera-
! ture of from 40 to 45, if not above a period of
! two or three months.
j P. pulche'rrima (fairest). 4. Scarlet. March.
I . a'lbida (white - braeted). 4.
White. December. 1834.
POINTING- IN is mixing manure with
the top inch or two of the soil by
means of the point of a spade or fork.
This is done when roots, which ought
not to be disturbed, are near the sur-
A stove evergreen climber, really a Hoveu.
P. sca'ndens (climbing) . 6. March. Caraccas.
PoisoN-BuLB. Brunsvi'ijia cora'nica
and toxica'ria, and Cri'num asia'ticum.
PoisoN-NuT. Stry'chnos nux-vo'mica.
PoisON-OAK. Ithu's loxicodc'ndron.
POISON - SUMACH, or Poison - wood.
POISONOUS PLANTS. Gardeners should
be much more careful than they usually
are in handling the plants they culti-
vate, for many of them have deadly
qualities. M. Neumann, chief gardener
of the Paris Jardin des Plantes, says
that pruning knives and hnnds washed
in a tank after they have been employed
upon some of (he exotics, will destroy
the iish it contains. MtypdmanQ bi-
[ 729 ]
ylandulosa, the Manchineel, the Tanyhin, \
Sapium laurocerasus, and Camodadia \
dentata, are equally deleterious to man.
Gardeners who have merely rubbed the i
leaves of the latter between their '
lingers, have had swollen bodies and
temporary blindness. Wounds from
pruning knives smeared with the juices '
of such plants are like those from |
POISONS. Soils containing obnoxious ;
ingredients are certain introducers of '
disease and premature death. An \
excess of oxide of iron, as when the |
roots of the apple and pear get into an j
irony-red gravelly subsoil, always causes i
canker. In the neighbourhood of cop-
per-smelting furnaces, not only are j
cattle subjected to swollen joints and ;
other unusual diseases, causing decre- \
pitude and death, but the plants also i
around are subject to sudden visitations,
to irregular growths, and to unwarned
destruction ; and a crop once vigorous
Avill suddenly wither as if swept over
by a blast. There is no doubt of this
arising from the salts of copper, which
impregnate the soil irregularly, as the
winds may have borne them sublimed
from the furnaces, and the experiments
of Sennebier have shown that of all
salts those of copper are the most fatal
to plants. That they can be poisoned,
and by many of those substances, nar-
cotic as well as corrosive, which are
fatal to animals, has been shown by
the experiments of M. F. Marcet and
The metallic poisons being absorbed,
are conveyed to the different parts of
the plant, and alter or destroy its tissue.
The vegetable poisons, such as opium,
strychnia, prussic acid, belladonna,
alcohol, and oxalic acid, which act
fatally upon the nervous system of
animals, also cause the death of plants.
The poisonous substance is absorbed
into the plant's system, and proves
injurious when merely applied to its
branches or stem, almost as much as
if placed in contact with the roots.
Ulcerations and canker are exasperated
if limo be put upon the wounds, and
\vheii Dr. Hales niudo a Golden Jlennet
Apple absorb a quart of camphorated
spirits ol' \vinc through one of its
branches, one-half of the tree was
POI'VKEA. (Named after N. Poivre,
a Frenchman. Nat. ord., Myroboldns
[Combretacese]. Linn., 10-Decandria
i-Monogynia. Allied to Combretum.)
Stove evergreen climbers. Cuttings of short
stubby side-shoots, as fresh growth commences,
in spring, in sand, under a bell-glass, and with
a little bottom-heat ; sandy loam andfibry peat,
with pieces of charcoal. Winter temp., 55 to
60 ; summer, 60 to 85.
P. Afxe'lii (Afzelius's). 10. Scarlet. April.
Sierra Leone. 1826.
barba'ta (bearded-petated) . 10. White.
cocci'nea (scarlet). 20. Scarlet. September,
como'sa (tufted). 20. Purple. Sierra Leone,
deca'ndra (ten-stamened). 20. White. April.
East Indies. 1826.
interme'dia (intermediate). 15. Scarlet.
April. Sierra Leone. 1823.
macrophy'lla (large-leaved). Scarlet. April.
Isle of Bourbon. 1838.
POLANI'SIA. (From polys, many, and
anisos, unequal ; many stamens of un-
equal lengths. Nat. ord., Capparids
[Capparidaceas], Linn., ll-Dodecandria
1-Monogynia. Allied to Cleome.)
Hardy annuals, flowering in June. Seeds, in
| a slight hotbed, under a glass frame, in March
| and April, and pricked out and finally placed
j in the open ground in the beginning of June.
P. Chelado'nii (Chelandon's). l. Hose. East
dodtca'ndra (twelve-anthered). 1$. White.
East Indies. 1795.
I grave'olens (strong-smelling). l. Pinkish.
j uniglandulo'sa (single-glanded). 1. White,
red. Mexico. 1823.
1 visco'sa (clammy). 2. Yellow. East Indies.
- icosa'ndra (twenty - anthered). l.
Yellow. Ceylon. 1730.
POLEMO'NIUM. Greek Valerian. (From
I polemos, war ; according to Pliny, a
dispute about its discovery led to war-
fare. Nat. ord., Phloxworts [Polemo-
niaceae]. Linn., 5-Pentandria l-Mono-
Hardy herbaceous perennials. Seeds; but
generally division of the plant ; common garden
P. casru'lcum (blue). 2. Blue. June. Britain.
- - a'lbum (white). 2. White. June.
- - grandiflo'rum (large - flowered;.
Brown. June. India. Biennial.
- - macula' turn (spotted). 2. Striped.
- - pili'ferum (hairy). Blue. June.
P. caeru'leum variega'tum (variegated 'leaved),
1. Blue. June. Britain.
gra'cile (slender). l. Blue. June. Dahuria.
hu'mile (lowly). Blue. August. North Ame-
la'cteum (milky -flowered). White. May.
Mexico, 'num (Mexican). 1. Blue. April.
moscha'turn (musky). Black. June. North
pulche'rrimum (prettiest). $. Blue. July.
North America. 1827.
re'ptans (creeping). . Lilac, blue. April.
North America. 1758.
ma'jus (larger). 1. Dark blue.
Richardso'ni (Richardson's). Pale blue.
September. North America. 1826.
Sibi'ricum (Siberian). 2. White. June.
villo'sum (shaggy). Pale blue. August.
POLIA'NTHES. Tuberose. (From
polls, a city, and anthos, a flower ; refer-
ring to its general use in city decoration.
Nat. ord., Lilyworts [Liliacese]. Linn.,
G -Hexandria 1-Monoyynia. )
Greenhouse bulbs. Offset bulbs; old bulbs
are generally obtained from Italy every year,
and are planted in rich sandy loam ; and when
growth has fairly commenced, they get the
advantage of a slight hotbed to forward them
(but the bulb and not the top should be kept
warm), before getting them ready for rooms or
P. gra'cilis (slender). 3. Pale yellow. August.
' tubero'sa (tuberous). 3. White. August.
East Indies. 1629,
V flo're-ple'no (double-flowered). 3.
POLY, or Germander. Teu'crium.
t POLYACHY'EUS. (From polys, many,
and achuron, chaff. Nat. ord., Compo-
sites [Asteracese]. Linn., \9-8yngcnesia
Half-hardy herbaceous perennial. Division
and cuttings of the young shoots, in spring, in
sandy soil; the protection of a cold frame, or
some analogous place, in winter.
P. Poppi'gii (Poppig's), Blue. June. Chili.
POLYANTHUS. This is a variety, but
a very permanent one, of the common
Primrose (Pri'mula vutya'ris). There
are many varieties, and their excellence j
as florists' flowers may be determined j
by the following rules :
Tiie Pip. 1. This should be perfectly
flat and round, slightly scolloped on the
edge, and three-quarters of an inch in |
2. It should be divided in (five or)
six places, apparently forming (five or)
six flower-leaves, each indented in the
centre to make it a kind of heart-shaped
end ; but the indentations must not
reach the yellow eye.
3. The indenture in the centre of the
apparent flower-leaves should be exactly
the same depth as the indenture formed
by the join of these flower-leaves, so
that it should not be known, by the
form of the flower, which is the actual
division and which is the indenture ; in
other words, which is the side and
which the centre of the flower-leaf ; and
all the indentures should be as slight
as possible to preserve the character.
4. The flower should be divided thus :
the yellow tube in the centre being
measured, the yellow eye, round the
tube, should be the same width as its
diameter ; and the (/round colour of the
flower should be the same width : or
draw with the compasses, opened to
a sixteenth-of-an inch apart, a circle for
the tube or centre ; open them to three-
sixteenths, and draw another circle for
the eye, then open them further to five-
sixteenths, and draw a third circle for
the ground or dark colour. Beyond
these circles there is a yellow laciny,
which should reach round every flower-
leaf to the yellow eye, and down the
centre of every petal to the eye, and so
much like the edging that the flower
should appear to have (ten or) twelve
similar petals. The ends of these
(ten or) twelve should be blunted, and
rounded like so many semicircles, so
that the outline of the circle should be
interrupted as little as possible.
5. The tube (one-fifth the width of
the whole flower) should be nearly
filled up with the six anthers, which
are technically called the thrum (have
an elevated edge rendering it trumpet-
eyed), and the flower should not exhibit
0. The edginy round and down the
centre of the petals formed by tbe
divisions, should be of even width all
the way, and uniformly of the same
shade of sulphur, lemon, or yellow us
the eye, and there must not be two
shades of yellow in the eye.
7. The ground colour may be just
[ 731 ]
what anybody lilies best, but clear, well- |
defined, perfectly smooth at the edges in-
side next the eye, so as to form a circle ;
and outside, next the lacing : a black
or a crimson ground, being scarce, is
desirable ; but the quality of the colour
as to clearness, rather than the colour
itself, constitutes the property.
The Plant. 1. The stem should be
strong, straight, elastic, and from four
to six inches in length.
2. The footstalks of the flower should
be of such length as to bring all the
flowers well together.
3. The truss should (rise from the
centre of the foliage) comprise seven
or more flowers, and be neatly arranged
to be seen all at once.
4. The foliage should be (dark green)
short, broad, thick, and cover the pot
well (but erect and clustering round,
though lower than the truss).
The Pair, or Collection. The pair, or
pan of more, should comprise flowers
of different and distinct colours, either
the ground colour or the yellow of each
being sufficiently different from the
rest to be well distinguished. The
whole should be so near of a height as
to range the heads of bloom well toge-
ther. The great fault of the Polyanthus
now, even among the best sorts, is that
the divisions between the petals are so
wide as to make the flower look starry,
whereas there should be no more gap
where the division is than is in the in-
dentation of the petal itself. Glenny's
Properties of Flowers, &c.
Culture. The Polyanthus may be
cultivated exactly as the Auricula.
POLYBO'TRYA. (From polys, many,
and bolrys, a raceme ; the appearance of
the fertile or seed-bearing frond. Nat.
ord., Ferns [Polypodiaceee]. Linn.,
Stove, brown- spored Ferns. See Ferns*
P. acumina'ta (pointed-teaued). July, West
apiifo'lia (Parsley-leaved). July. I. of Luzon.
appendicula' ta (appendaged). July. West
articula! ta (jointed). July. Isle of Luzon.
ccrvi'na (Hart's-tongue). |. April. Jamaica.
Corcovade'nsis (Corcovado). July. Brazil.
inci'sa (cut-leaved). July. West Indies.
intermedia (intermediate). April. Isle of
P. oswzwmfo'eea(Osmunda-Hke). July. Mexico.
serrula'ta (saw-edged). July. Isle of Luzon.
specio'sa (showy). July. West Indies.
vivi'para, (viviparous). $. June. W. Indies.
POLY'GALA. Milkwort. (From polys,
much, and gala, milk ; abundance of
milky juice. Nat. ord , Milkworts [Poly-
galaceas]. Linn., 17-Diadelphia 3-
Annuals, by seed, in a peaty border ; herba-
ceous perennials, seeds and divisions, in similar
soil, or sandy loam and leaf-mould; hardy
shrubs, and under-shrubs, as Cham&buxis, by
cuttings and suckers, and which species, in par-
ticular, likes a little chalk with the peat and
leaf-mould ; tender shrubs, by cuttings of the
side-shoots, when 2$ inches long, taken off close
to the stem, and inserted in sand, under a bell-
glass ; for all these, peat three-parts, and loam
one-part ; many of them, from their beauty
and comparative hardiness, should be tried
against conservative walls, such as latifolia,
myrtifolia grandlflora, speciosa, &c.
P. fastigia'ta (peaked). . Red. June. North
jtfoiwpeK'oea (Montpelier). i- Blue. June.
purpu'rea (purple). Purple. June. North
umbella'ta (umbelled). 1. Purple. July.
Cape of Good Hope. Stove.
P. a'lba (white). White. June. Louisiana,
Alpe'stris (Alpine). Blue. June. Switzerland.
ama'ra (bitter). . Blue. June. Europe.
Austri'aca (Austrian). Purple. June. Ger-
Chamcebu'xis (Bastard Box). J. Yellow,
May. Austria. 1658. Evergreen.
graminifo'lia (Grass - leaved). . Lilac,
yellow. June. Carolina. 1824.
ma! jar (larger - Austrian). 1. Red. July.
rube'lla (reddish). *. Pale red. June. North
P. attenua'ta (thin). 3. Purple. July. Cape
of Good Hope. 1820.
6or6om"/o'/a (Borbonia- leaved). 3. Purple,
Cape of Good Hope. 1790.
bracteola'ta (small - bracted). 6. Purple.
July. Cape of Good Hope. 1713.
Burma 1 nni (Bunnann's). 3. Purple. June.
Cape of Good Hope. 1800.
cordifo'lia (heart-leaved). 3. Purple. May.
Cape of Good Hope. 1791-
Garci'nii (Garcin's). 3, Purple. July. Cape
of Good Hope.
genistoi'des (Broom-like). 3. Purple. July.
Cape of Good Hope. 1823.
gra'cilis (slender). Blue. May. New Zealand.
intermedia (intermediate). 3. Purple. June.
Cape of Good Hope,
[ 732 ]
P. lanccolu'ta (spearhead-leaved). 3. Purple.
July. Cape of Good Hope. 1820.
latifo'lia (broad-leaved). l. Purple. May.
Cape of Good Hope. 1820.
ligula'ris (strap-leaved). l. Purple. June.
Cape of Good Hope. 1820.
liliifo'lia (Lily-leaved). 4. Purple. July.
Cape of Good Hope. 1823.
myrtifo'lia (Myrtle-leaved). 3. Purple. July.
Cape of Good Hope. 1707.
grandlflo'ra (large-flowered). 4.
Purple. July. Cape of Good Hope.
nummula'ria(M.oney-wort-leaved'). 3. Pur-
ple. Cape of Good Hope. 1812.
oppositifo'lia (opposite-leaved). 2. Purple, j
June. Cape of Good Hope. 1790.
ma'jor (larger). 3. Purple.
July. Cape of Good Hope.
pinifo'lia (Pine-leaved) . 3. Purple. July.
Cape of Good Hope. 1823.
si'mplex (simple - stemmed). 4. Purple.
July. Cape of Good Hope. 1816.
specio'sa (showy). 6. Purple. July. Cape
of Good Hope. 1814.
teretifu'lia (cylindrical-leaved). 3. Purple. i
August. Cape of Good Hope. 1791. j
tetrago'na (four- angled). 2. Purple. Cape '
of Good Hope. 1820.
POLYGONA'TUM. Solomon's Seal, j
(From polys, many, and gonu, a joint, j
or knee ; numerous joints of the stem, i
Nat. ord., Lilyworts [Liliacese]. Linn., j
ti-Hexandria \-Monogynia. Allied to
Hardy, white - flowered, herbaceous peren-
nials. Seeds and divisions, in spring; rich
light soil. Leptophyllum and oppositifolium
require protection in winter.
P. angustifo'lium (narrow-leaved). 1. May.
N. America. 1824.
brachia'tum (bracted). 1|. July. Swit- J
canalicula'tum (channelled). 1. June. N. ;
hi'rtum (hairy). 1. May. N.America. 1819. i
latifo'lium (broad-leaved). 3. May. Ger-
leptophy'llum (fine-leaved). 2. June. Ne- j
macrophy'llum (large-leaved). 3. May. N. j
multiflo'rum (many-flowered). 2. June.
oppositifo' Hum (opposite-leaved). 1. April.
polya'nthemum (many-flowered). 1. May.
pubc'scens (downy). 1. May. N.America.
verticilla' turn (whorled - leaved) . 1. May.
vulga'rc (common). 2. May. England.
flo're ple'no (double-flowered). 2.
mi'iior (smaller). 1. June.
roLYoo NUM. (iTom poty*i many,
and jomi, a knee; numerous joints of \
the stem. Nat. ord., Buckwheats [Poly-
gonacese]. Linn., 8-Octandria 3-Tri-
Annuals, seeds in the open border, in March
and April ; herbaceous perennials, also by seeds
as for annuals, and division of the roots ; tender
annuals require the assistance of a hotbed
before transplanting in May ; greenhouse
shrubs, by cuttings, in sandy soil, under a
glass, and grown in fibry loam, with a little
peat ; several of them, such as adpressum,
which sends out very long shoots, should be
tried against a wall. The fruit "of several, such
as tataricum an&fagopyrum, are used for tarts.
GREENHOUSE EVERGREENS AND
P. adpre'ssum (compressed). 2. Red. July.
New Holland. 1822.
Bruno' nis (Brown's). . Pink. August.
North of India. 1845.
deci'piens (deceiving). 2. Red. July. New
Holland. 1822. Herbaceous.
gra'cile (slender). 1. Red. July. New
Holland. 1822. Herbaceous.
herniarioi'des (Herniaria-like). . July.
tincto'rium (dyer's). 2. Red. July. China.
P. qffi'ne (kindred). i ! . Red. June. Nepaul.
Alpi'num (Alpine). 2. White. July. Swit-
amphi'bium (amphibious). 1. Pink. July.
hlrsu'tum (hairy). 1. Red. July.
amplexicau'le (stem-clasping). Red. July.
barba'tum (bearded). 2. White. July.
China. 1819. Trailer.
cocci' neum (scarlet). 1. Scarlet. July.
North America. 1819.
e'legans (elegant). 2. White, green. June.
Nepaul. 1824. Trailer.
elli'pticum (oval-tecwerf). 2. Pink. June.
glau'cum (milky- green). 1. N. America.
Laxma'nni (Laxmann's). 1. White. June.
macrophy'llum (large-leaved). l. Purple.
June. Nepaul. 1820.
seri'ceum (silky). . White. July. Siberia.
seto'sum (bristly). 1. White. July. Asia
vacciniifo'lium (Whortleberry-leaved). Pink.
July. N. of India. *1845. Trailing
Virginia'num (Virginian). 3. White. Au-
gust. N. America. 1(540.
volca'niciim (volcanic). Mexico. 1831.
P. arena' rium (sand). 1. Purple. June. Hun-
gary. 1807. Trailer.
Fugopy'rum (Buckwheat). 2. Pink. July.
P.ftorilu'ndum (bundle-flowered). 2. Red. j P
July. Siberia. 1818.
mi'te (mild. Water -pepper). 1. Red. July.
N. Americn. 1800. Aquatic. -
orient a'le (eastern). 6. Red. August. E. <
Indies. 1707- '
. a'lbicm (white). 4. White. August. ;
K. Indies. 1781.
Pennsyli'ii'nicum (Pennsylvania!!). 1. Red.;
July. N. America. 1800.
Persicarioi'des (Persicaria-like). 14
July. Mexico. 1816.
salsugi'neum, (briny). 1. Pink.
Caucasus. 1817. Aquatic.
Senegale'nsis (Senegal). 1&. Red. July. '
Guinea. 1825. Aquatic.
POI.YPO'DIUM. Polypody. (From ;
polys, many, and pom, a foot ; numerous j
feet-like divisions of the creeping stems, j
Nat. ord., Ferns [Polypodiacese]. Linn., j
Brown spored Ferns. See Ferns.
P. Alpe'stre (Alpine). 4. July. 18'20.
calca'reum (spur-branched). ij. July. Bri- j
conne'ctile (connected). 1. June. Canada. |
hexagono'pterum (six-angled-winged). 1. ;
July. North America. 1811.
Phego'pteris (Sun-fern), g. June. Britain.
pustula'tum (pimpled). 1. June. New j
Zealand. 1820. Greenhouse.
~ Virginia'num (Virginian). 1. July. North
vulga're (common). 1. July. Britain.
Ca'mbricum (Welsh). 1. July.
P. angustifo'lium (narrow-leaved). $. May.
West Indies. 1820.
areola'tum (areolated). 1. Brazil. 1824. ;
aspe'rulum (roughish). August. Isle of ;
asplenifo'lium (Spleen- wort -leaved). 2. j
July. Martmico. 1790.
attenua'tum (thin). . May. New Holland.
au'reum (golden). 3. March. W. Indies. I
auricula'tum (eared). 2. July. Brazil. 1824. \
Billardie'ri (La Billardiere's). 1. May. i
Van Diemens Land. 1823.
Cathari'nce (St. Catherine's). I.Brazil. 1824.
conti'guum (adjoining). April. Isle of
crena't urn (scolloped). 14. August. Ja-
crassifo'lium (thick-leaved). 3. August.
West Indies. 1823.
curva'tum (curved). 1. August. Jamaica.
decuma'num(ta\\). 5. August. Brazil. 1818.
defle'xum (bent-down). 2. July. 1830.
dissi'mile (unlike). 2. July. Brazil. 1820.
dive'rgens (spreading). June. W. Indies.
di-epa'num (sickle). 1. Madeira,
Dryo'pteris (Dryopteris). 1, July. Britain.
e/n'gum (spread'ing^. 3. November. Ja-
fraxinifo'lium (Ash-leaved). 2. August.
hasta'tum (halbert-shaped). 2. July. Ja-
heterophy'llum (variable -leaved). $. July.
West Indies. 1820.
- inca'num (hoary). 4. August. South Ame-
- inci'sum (cut). 1. July. W.Indies. 1810.
- iridifo'lium (Iris-leaved). l. September.
- Jumaice'nse (Jamaica). 1$. June. Jamaica.
- juglandifo'lium (Walnut-leaved). l. July.
South America. 1822.
- lachnopo' dlum (downy-footed). 4. June.
- lanceola'tum (spear- head). 1. August.
West Indies. 1812.
-la'tipes (broad-stalked). 14. October. Brazil.
- longifo'lium (long-leaved). 3. July. Brazil.
- lycopodioi'des (Club -moss-like). 4. July.
West Indies. 1793.
- menisciifo' Hum (Meniscium-leaved). July.
-neriifo'lium (Nerium-leaved). July. Brazil.
- nu'tans (nodding). July. Malacca.
- obliqua'tum (twisted). July. Isle of Luzon.
-oliva'cetim (Olive-like). 1. South America.
- Oti'tes(Otitea). 4. October. Brazil. 1834.
- Owarie'nse (Owarian). . Sierra Leone.
- papillo'sum (nippled). April. Isle of Luzon.
- Paradi'sai (Paradise). May. Brazil. 1841.
-pectina'tum (comb'leaned). 14. July. West
- Phylli'tidis (Hart's-tongue). 2. July. West
-phymato'des (warted). 4. July. East Indies.
-piloselloi'des (Mouse-ear-like). . August.
West Indies. 1793.
- pluntagi'neum (Plantain-like). 1. July.
West Indies. 1817.
-plu'mula (feathered). 1. July. South Ame-
'-flowered). Brazil. 1824.
proli'ferum (proliferous). 1. Madeira.
pruina'tum (frosted-leaved). 2. September.
quercifo'lium (Oak-leaved), ij. September.
East Indies. 1821.
rece'dens (receding). June. Isle of Luzon.
refra'ctum (broken). July. Brazil. 1837.
repa'ndum (wavy-edged). 1.^. August. Ja-
re 1 pens (creeping). 2. May. West Indies.
salicifo'lium (Willow-leaved). 4. August.
su'nctum (holy). 14. July. West Indies.
Schu'krii (Schukrr's). 1. July. Brazil. 1824.
scolopendrioi'defi (Scolopendrium-like). li,
May. West Indies. 1820.