rage of the branch occasions. One with
a very narrow blade, and one with a
handle six feet long, will be found con-
venient. The face of the wound made
by a saw should always be cut smooth
with the knife, otherwise the wet lodg-
ing on its rough surface occasions
decay. See Bill.
SAXI'FBAGBA. Saxifrage. (From
saxum, a stove, and fran-go, to break ;
supposed power in that disease. Nat.
ord., Saxifrages [Saxifragacese]. Linn.,
Seeds, and especially divisions, in spring,
unless for annuals ; sandy loam ; the tenderest
will repay for a little leaf-mould or peat ; suited
best for the fronts of borders, the stumps of
trees, and for knolls and rockworks.
HARDY ANNUALS, &C.
S. controve'rsa (contrary-turned). . May.
South Europe. 1824.
flagella'ris (rod-like). 4. Yellow. June.
Greenland. 181Q- Evergreen trailer.
hcdera'ceu (Ivy-leaved). &. July. Levant.
irri'gua (watered). 1. June. Tauria. 1817.
petra'a (rock). . April. Norway. 1/32.
tridactyli'tes (three - fingered). 4. April.
HARDY HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS.
S. adsce'ndens (ascending), i. May. Pyrenees.
ccstiva'lis (summer). May. Altai. 1821.
itffi'ms (kindred). . May.
uizoi'des (Aizoon-like). . Yellow. July.
Aizo'on (Aizoon). 1. June. Alps. 1731.
ajugafo'lia (Bugle-leaved). 1. June. Py-
alti'fida (deep-cleft). 1.
androsa'ceu (Androsace-Jeauerf). 1. May.
aretioi'des (Aretia-like). . Yellow. June.
argu'ta (sharp-notched). . May. North
a'speru (rough). . Cream. August. Switz-
biflo'ra (two -flowered). $. Purple. May.
bronchia'lis (throat). $. Cream. May.
bryoi'des (Bryum-like). . Cream. June.
bulbi'fera (bulb-bearing). $. June. South
Burseria'na (Burser's). $. Cream. April.
cas'sia (grey). $. Pale yellow. May. Switz-
ceespito'sa (turfy). 3. Cream. May. Wales.
ceratophy'lla (horn-leaved). May. Spain.
ce'rnua (drooping). \. July. Scotland.
cilia'ta (hair-fringed-Jeaed). #. May. India.
condensa'ta (dense). \. May. Scotland.
cordifo'lia (heart-leaved). 1. Purple. April.
Cotyle'don (Cotyledon). , June. Alps
crassifo'lia (thick - leaved). 1. Purple.
April. Siberia. 1765.
crusta'ta (shelly- edged). . June, Switz-
cuneifo'lia (wedge-leaved). . May. Switz-
davu'rica (Dahurian). $. June.
deci'piens (deceptive). $. May. Wales.
denuda'ta (stripped). |. May. Scotland.
diapensioi' des (Diapensia-like). . April.
e'legans (elegant). Ireland.
[ 809 ]
S. elonge'lla (longish - stalked). 1. April.
cro'sa (gnawed). 1. White, yellow. May.
hirsu'ta (hairy). 1. White, yellow.
June. North America. 1800.
exara'ta (engraved). . May. South Europe.
ferrugi'neu (rusty). 4. September. North
geranioi'des (Crane's-bill-like). . April.
Ge'um (Geum). 1. June. Ireland.
crena'ta (scolloped). 1. May.
dental to, (toothed). 1. May. Ireland.
' poli'ta (polished). 1. May. Ireland.
granula'ta (grain-rooted). 1. May. Britain.
plc'na (double-flowei-ed). 1. May.
Hawo'rthii (Haworth's). May. Europe.
hieracifo'lia (Hawkweed-/et>erf). 1$. May.
Hi'rculus (Hirculus). . Yellow. August.
hirsu'ta (hairy). 1. Flesh. May. Ireland.
sphceroi'dca (globe-like). 1. Flesh.
Id'rta (hairy). 1. June. Scotland.
hy'brida (hybrid). . June. Piedmont. 1810.
hypnoi'des (Moss-like). . May. Britain.
' angustifo'lia (narrow - leaved).
i. May. Scotland.
musco'sa (mossy). . May.
pulche'lla (pretty). . May.
visco'sa (clammy). J. May. Scotland.
incurvifo'lia (incurved-leaved). $. May.
inta'cta (untouched). 1. June. Tyrol.
mi'nor (smaller). 1. May. Alps.
parviflo'ra (small - flowered). 1 .
interme'dia (intermediate), 1. July. 1808.
leetevi'rens (lively-green) . , May. Scotland .
lee'vis (smooth). . August. Caucasus.
lanceola'ta (spear-6raced). i. May. Europe.
obtu'sa (blunt). . May. Europe.
leptophy'lla (fine-leaved), . May. Wales.
angusti'fida (narrow-cleft). A.
leucanthemifo'lia (Stock-leaved), g. June.
North America. 1812.
ligula'ta (strap-leaved). . White, red.
May. Nepaul. 1821.
lingula'ta (tongue-leaved). l. June. Switzer-
me'dia (intermediate). l|. June.
moscha'ta (musky). $. Lilac, yellow, May.
^muscoi'des (Moss-like). ^. Pale yellow.
May. England. 1819.
muta'ta (changed). $. Lilac, yellow. June.
niva'lis (snowy). . June. Britain.
^-nudicau'lis (naked -stemmed). . May.
oppositifo'lia (opposite-leaved). . Purple.
I S.peditifi'da (double -lobe -cleft). $,
Pedemonta'na (Piedmontese) . May. Pied-
Pennsylva'nica (Pennsylvanian). l. Green,
yellow. May. North America. 1732.
gla'bra (smooth). 2. Green,
yellow. May. North America. 1732.
pentada'ctylis (five-fingered). . May. Py-
platype'tala (broad -petaled). 1. June.
pulche'lla (pretty). . May. Germany. 1818.
pygmee'a (pygmy). . White, yellow. May.
pyrolasfo'lia (Pyrola-leaved). . May. North
quinque'fida (five-cleft). $. April. Scotland.
retu'm (bitten-oif). i. Purple. May. Pied-
rivula'ris (brook). . June. Scotland.
rotundifo'lia (round- leaved). 1. White,
red. May. Austria. 1596.
repa'nda (wavy-edged). 1. May.
sarmento'sa (twiggy). 1. June. China. 1771-
4. June. China. 1815.
Schrade'ri (Schrader's). 1. May. 1825.
sedoi'des (Sedum-like). $. Yellow. May.
semipube'scens (slightly-downy). 1. Green,
yellow. May. North America. 1800.
Sibi'rica (Siberian). 4. July. Siberia. 1802.
spica'ta (spiked). 4. Spotted. May. North
stella'rls (starry). \. June. Britain.
dissi'milis (dissimilar). . June.
Schleiche'ri (Schleicher's). Switz-
Sternbe'rgii (Steraberg's). 1. May. Ger-
tene'lla (delicate), i. July. Corinthia. 1819.
te'nera (tender), i. Cream. May. Switz-
thysano'des (coarse- fringed -leaved). .
April. East Indies. 1845.
tricuspida'ta(thTee-spined). . May. North
tridenta'ta (three- toothed). . May.
umbro'sa (shady. London Pride}. 1. Flesh.
puncta'ta (dotted -flowered). 1,
serratifo'lia (saw- leaved).
Virginie'nsis (Virginian). 4. May. North
visco'sa (clammy). . May.
SCABIO'SA. Scabious. (From scabies,
the itch; said to cure the disorder.
Nat. ord., Teazelworts [Dipsacacese],
Linn., 4^-Tctrandria I-Monoyynia.)
Hardy herbaceous perennials. Seeds and
divisions in spring ; common garden soil.
5. arve'nsis fio're-a'lbo (field-white-flowered).
2. White. July. Britain.
austra'lis (southern), li. Purple. June*
[ 810 ]
S. Carpa'tica (Carpathian). 1. White. June.
dicho'toma (forked). 1. Pink. July. Sicily.
dipsacifo'lia (Teasel-leaved). 2. White.
June. Germany. 1818.
pube'scens (downy). 2. White. June.
Salce'di (Salced's). 1. White. June.
stri'cta (upright). 2. Red. June. Hun-
SCLE'VA. Hawk Fly. Of this genus
there are several species, of which the
most common are S. ribc'sii and 8.
pyra'stri. Wherever aphides are abun-
dant, whether on the cabbage, hop, or
elsewhere, there is a fleshy green
maggot. This is the larva of a hawk-
fly, and should be left undisturbed, as
it is a voracious destroyer of plant lice.
SOE'VOLA. (From sc&va, the left
hand ; form of the corolla. Nat. ord.,
Goodeniads [Goodeniacese]. Linn., 5-
Divisions and cuttings of young shoots ; the
tender species in heat ; the greenhouse in a
cold pit, under a bell-glass ; sandy loam and
turfy peat; the usual greenhouse and stove
S.ivaifo'lia (Iva-leaved). White. August.
Koni'gii (Konig's). 2. Pale red. E. Indies.
Tacca'da (Taccada). 2J. White. August.
. Indies. 1810.
S. alternn'ta (alternate-/eawerf). Purple. Juire.
Swan River. 1844.
anchusifo'lia (Anchusa-leaved). Blue. May.
attenua'ta (thin-tea?>erf). 2. Pale blue. June.
Swan River. 1844.
crassifo'lia (thick-leaved). 3. White. Sep.
tember. New Holland. 1805.
cuneifo'rmis (wedge-teawerf). l. Blue. New
faseicula'ta (bundled). August. Swan River.
hi'spida (bristly). 2. Lilac. July. New
microca'rpa (small-fruited). 1J. Violet.
July. N. S. Wales. 1790.
multiflo'ra (many-flowered) . Blue. July.
Swan River. 1840.
suave'olens (sweet -scented). 2. Blue. Au-
gust. N. S. Wales. 1793.
SCALLION. See Cibouk.
SCAMMONY. Convo'lvulus scammo'nia.
SCARES are but very inefiicient pro-
tections for fruits, as birds soon sit on
the vjery branches which bear the maul-
kin. To frighten them effectually, it is .
best to employ boys for the short time
scaring is required. Over seed-beds a
net is the best protection ; but threads
tightened across the beds are very
SCARLET RUNNER. Pkase'olus midti-
SCHELHA'JIMEEA. (Named after C.
C. Schelhammer, a professor at Jena.
Nat. ord., Melanths [Melanthacere],
Linn., (\-Hexandria I-Monogynia. Al-
lied to Uvularia.)
Greenhouse, purple-flowered, herbaceous pe-
rennials, from New Holland. Divisions ; sandy
loam and fibry peat ; a cool greenhouse or a
cold pit in winter.
5. rr.ultiflo'ra (many-flowered). l. 1824.
undula'ta (wavy-leaved). $. June. 1824.
SCHELLO'LEPIS. (From skellos, dis-
torted, and lepis, a scale. Nat. ord.,
Ferns [Polypodiacese]. Linn., 24-
i Cryployamia l-Filices.)
Stove, yellow-spored Indian Ferns. See
Ferns. There are two species, S. amos'nu
(lovely), and verruco'sa (warted).
SCHI'NUS. (The Greek name for
Pista'chia lentiscus. Nat. ord., Tere-
binths [Terebinthacese]. Linn., '22-
Greenhouse, green-flowered, evergreens. Cut-
tings of ripe shoots, in sand, under a bell-glass,
and in a mild heat, in spring ; loam and peat.
Winter temp., 45 ; summer, 60 to 75.
-S. nio'lle (Molle). 20. August. Peru. 15Q7-
terebinthifo'lia (Terebinthus - leaved) . 20.
virga'ta (twiggy). 8. June. Lima. 1822.
SCHIUEEE'CKIA. (Named after A.
| Schiureck, a Russian botanist. Nat.
ord.j Crucifers [BrassicaceeeJ. Linn,,
15-Tetradynamia. Alliance near Alys-
Hardy herbaceous. Divisions j common gar*
S. Podo'lica (Podolian). . Yellow. June.
SCHIZJE'A. (From schizo, to cleave
or cut ; the appearance of the fan-like
fronds. Nat. ord., Ferns [Polypodia-
cese]. Linn., 24- -Cryptogamia l-Filices.)
Brown-spored Ferns. See Ferns.
S. bi'fida (twice-cut). $. June. New Holland.
pusi'lla (small). &. June. North America.
nipc'stris (rock). . June. New Holland.
S. c'lcgans (elegant). J. June. Trinidad. 1819-
[ 911 ]
S. penicella'ta (pencilled).
. June. South
propi'ncjua (related). April. Malacca.
SCHIZA'NDEA. (From schizo, to cut, j
avid aner, the male organ ; split stamens.
Nat. ord., Kadsurads [Schi/andracese]. !
Linn. '21-Monascia n-Penlandria.')
Cuttings of ripe shoots, in sand, under a bell- !
glass, and kept only a little higher than the i
temperature of a cold-pit or greenhouse ; sandy j
fibry loam, and a little leaf-mould. Winter '
temp., 40 to 45. This creeper lived several i
years against the conservative wall at Chiswick. |
S. cocci'nea (scarlet-flowered). Scarlet. June. )
North America. 1806.
SCHIZA'NTHUS. (From schizo, to cut,
and anthos, a flower ; the petals cut
into fringes. Nat. ord., Figworts [Scro- j
phulariacese]. Linn., 2-Diandria l-Mo-
Seeds, in autumn, to be kept in a greenhouse,
for early blooming ; seeds, in a slight hotbed, in
March, for successive blooming in pots, and
early blooming out-of-doors ; seed in the open
air in the end of April. Beautiful annuals,
fitted either for pot,, or border culture; rich,
light, fibry loam ; when kept over the winter,
the soil should be poor, and the plants near
S. ca'ndidus (whitish). 2. White. Coquimbe.
^- Graha'mi (Graham's). 2. Variegated. Au-
gust. Chili. 1831.
Hooke'ri (Hooker's). 2. Rose, lilac. Au-
gust. Chili. 1828.
pinnati'fidus (leaflet-cut). 2. Various. May.
pinna' tus (leafleted). 2. White, purple.
August. Chili. 1822.
~ hu'milis (dwarf). 1. Crimson.
July. Valparaiso. 1831.
po'rrigens (sheading-stalked'). 2. Crimson.
August. Chili. 182'2.
retu'sus (bitten-ofi-petaled). 2. Variegated.
August. Chili. 1831.
SCHIZOCJE'NA. (From schizo, to cut,
and kainos, unusual. Nat. ord., Ferns
[Polypodiacese] . Linn., 2-Cryptogamia
Stove Fern. See Ferns.
S. Bruno' nis (Brown's). Brown, yellow. April.
SCHIZOLO'MA. (From schizo, to cut,
and loma, an edge ; edges of fronds.
Nat. ord., Ferns [Polypodiacese]. Linn.,
Browish- yellow -spored stove Ferns. See
S. ensifo'lia (sword-leaved). May. Malacca.
hctcrophy'lla (various-leaved). May. Isle
SCHI/SOME'RIA. (From schizo , to cut,
and meros, a part ; cut petals. Nat.
ord., CuHoniads [Cunoniacese], Linn.,
W-I)ecandria 2-Digynia. Allied to
Greenhouse evergreen shrub. Cuttings of
half-ripened shoots, in sand, under a bell-glass,
in spring ; loam and peat, with silver sand and
charcoal. Winter temp,, 40 to 48.
S. ova'ta (egg-leaved). 8. White. New Hol-
SCHIZOPE'TALOX. (From schizo, to
cut, and petalon, a petal. Nat. ord.,
Crucifcrs [Brassicacese]. Linn., 15-
Seeds, in a slight hotbed, in March, pricked
out into pots, and grown in an airy greenhouse,
or transplanted to the front of borders in May ;
sandy loam and leaf-mould ; if in a pot, add a
S. Walke'ri (Walker's). 2. White. June.
SCHMIDE'LIA. (Named after C. 0.
Schmidel, a German botanist. Nat.
ord., Soapworts [Sapindacefe]. Linn.,
S-Octandria l-Monogynia. Alliance near
Stove, white-flowered, evergreens. Cuttings
of ripe shoots, in sand, under a bell-glass, in
the beginning of summer, and placed in a
mild bottom-heat ; sandy loam and fibry peat.
Winter temp., 50 to 60 ; summer, 60 to 85.
S. Comi'nia (Cominia). 20. Jamaica. 1778.
integrifo'lia (whole-leaved). Bourbon. 1804.
~ occidentals (western). S.W.Indies. 1828.
racemo'sa (racemed). 15. May. East
serra'ta(s&w-leaved), 12. E.Indies. 1804.
SCHOMBU'RGKIA. (Named after Sir
R. Schomburgki, Nat. ord., Orchids
[Orchidacese]. Linn., 2Q-Gynandria 1-
Monandria. Allied to Cattleya.)
Stove orchids, grown on blocks. See Orchids.
S. cri'spa (curled-flowered"). 3. Yellow, brown,
pink. January. La Guayra. 1844.
margina'ta (bordered. Spread Eagle). 4.
Orange. August. Surinam. 1834.
ro'sea (rosy). Deep red, and pale rose.
tibi'cinis (cow-horn). 8. Pink, white. April.
graridiflo'ra (large -flowered). 5.
Brown, rose. May. Honduras. 1844.
undula'ta (vfsvy-petaled}. Purple. January.
La Guayra. 1843.
SCHO'TIA. (Named after R. T r . Schot,
who travelled with Jacquin. Nat. ord.,
Leguminous Plants [Fabaceoe]. Linn.,
IQ-Decandria l-Manogynia. Allied to
Greenhouse evergreen shrubs, from the Cape
i of Good Hope. Cuttings of half-ripened young
i stubby shoots, in sand, under a bell-glass ;
C 812 ]
sandy peat and fibry loam ; flowers chiefly at
the end of stiff young shoots.
S. ala'ta, (winged). 5. Crimson. July. 1816.
latifo'lia (broad - leaved). Purple, white.
simplicifo'lia (simple-leaved), lied. June.
specio'sa (showy). 5. Scarlet. August. 1759.
stipula'ta (/arge-stipuled). 5. Crimson.
tamarindifo'lia (Tamarind-leaved). 6. Crim-
son. August. 1795.
SCHO'UWIA. (Named after J. F.
Sctwuw, a Danish botanist. Nat. ord.,
Crudfers [Brassicacese]. Linn., 15-
Hardy annual. Seeds, in light sandy soil, in
5. Ara'bica (Arabian). f . Purple. June.
SCHEA'NKIA. (Named after F. P.
Schrank, a German botanist. Nat. ord.,
Leguminous Plants [Fabacese]. Linn.,
23-Polygamia 1-Montecia. Allied to
The leaves yield to the touch like those of the
sensitive plant, Mimosa pudica. Herbaceous
plants. Division of the roots in spring; and
cuttings of the young shoots in spring, in sandy
soil, under a bell-glass, and a little bottom-
heat ; sandy loam and fibry peat. Plant-stove
and cool greenhouse treatment.
S. uculca'ta (prickly). 2. Eed. July. Vera
Cruz. 1733. Stove.
leptoca'rpa (slender-podded). Rose. July.
St. Domingo. 1837. Stove.
uncina'ta (hooked). 2. Red. July. N.
America. 1789. Greenhouse.
SCHUBE'KTIA. (Named after M. Schu-
bert, a Polish botanist. Nat. ord., As-
clcpiads [Asclepiadaceae]. Linn., 5-
Stove evergreen twiners, from Brazil. Cut-
tings of stubby side-shoots, in sand, under a
bell-glass, in bottom-heat; sandy loam, fibry
peat, and a little charcoal, and pounded bricks,
with pots well drained. Winter temp., 50 to
55 ; summer, 60 to 85.
S. grandiflo'ra (large-flowered). White. July.
grave'olens (strong-scented). Pale yellow.
SCHWEIGGE'KIA. (Named after Pro-
fessor Schweigger, a German botanist.
Nat. ord., Violetworts [Violacese]. Linn.,
Stove evergreen. Cuttings of firm side-shoots,
two or three inches in length, in sand, under a
bell-glass, in May, and in a sweet hotbed.
Winter temp., 50 to 55; summer, 60 to 85.
S.pauciflo'ra (few-flowered). White. May.
SCI'AEA. S. py'ri, Small Pear Midge.
S. Schmidbe'ryeri, Large Pear Midge.
When a fallen pear is cut open, it is
often found core -eaten, and with a
brown powder marking the progress of
the assailant. This is caused by tbe
larva of these insects. The midges
appear early in July. The Small Pear
Midge has club-shaped halteres, the
club dark brown, and the stem whitish.
When alive, the abdomen is of a lead
colour, with black wings. The head
and thorax are black, as are also the
antennae; the palpi are of a pale yellow,
the feet whitish, and the tarsi black.
The Large Pear Midge appears about
the same time as the preceding. The
female is little more than a line long,
and half-a-line thick, also much larger
than the smaller pear midge ; the male
is more slender, and somewhat shorter.
The antennae are blackish, and not so
long as the body. The head is black
and shining, as is also the thorax ; the
proboscis ash-grey, the abdomen of the
male a deep black, that of the female
browner, with black wings ; the anal
point, however, is quite black. The
feet ash-grey, and the tarsi and wings
black. They both survive the winter,
and deposit their eggs in the blossom,
when it opens in early spring. The
larva eats its way into the core of the
young fruit, and again eats its way out
at one side when the time arrives for
it to bury itself in the ground, and pass
into the chrysalis form. Kollar.
SCI'LLA. Squill. (From sfcyllo, to
injure ; the bulbs said to be poisonous.
Nat. ord., Lily worts [Liliacese]. Linn.,
6 -Hexandria 1 - Mo-nog ynia. )
Offsets ; light sandy soil.
S, brevifo'lia (short-leaved). . Pink. January.
Cape of Good Hope. 1811.
hyacinthoi'des (Hyacinth -like). . Blue.
August. Madeira. 1585.
Maurita'nica (Mauritian). . Blue. April.
plu'mbea (lead-coloured). 1. Lead. May.
Cape of Good Hope. 1812.
S, amce'na (pleasing). . Blue. March. Le-
amee'nula (pretty). . Blue. June. Russia.
autumna'lis (autumnal). ?. Pink. August.
[ 813 ]
S. autumna'lis a'lba (white). \. White. August.
ma 'j or (larger). . Pink. August.
Bertolo'nii (Bertoloni's). Lilac. May.
bifo'lia (two - leaved). ^. Blue. March.
a'lba (white). J. White. March. S.
ru'bra (red), i- Red. March. S.
br uma 1 Us (winter). Blue. May. North
campanula! ta (bell-flowered). 1. Dark blue.
May. Spain. 1683.
a'lba (white). 1. White. May.
South Europe. 1683.
. ca'rnea (flesh - coloured). 1.
Pink. May. South Europe. 1683.
ce'rnua (drooping). . Pink. March. Spain.
corymbo'sa (corymbed). -\. Pink. October.
Cape of Good Hope. 1/93.
Cupania'na (Cupani's). 1. Purple. June.
escule'nta (eatable). 1. White. June. N.
1'ndica (Indian). 1. East Indies. 1816.
Ita'Kca (Italian), g. Blue. May. Switzer.
li'lio-hyaci'nthus (Lily-Hyancinth). 1 . Blue.
June. Europe. 15Q7-
lusita'nica (Portugese). . Blue. May.
no'n-scri'pta (undescribed). |. Blue. April.
a'lba (white). White. April. Britain.
ca'rnea (flesh-coloured). 3- Flesh.
obtusifo'lia (blunt-leaved). |. Blue. March.
South Europe. 1829.
odora'ta (sweet-scented). Blue. May. Por-
Peruvia'na (Peruvian). 1. Dark blue. May.
a'lba (white). 1. White. May.
South Europe. 1607.
di'scolor (two-coloured-/ouwerf) .
1. Buff. May. Portugal. 1843.
prcebractea'ta (long - bracted). 1. Blue.
June. South Europe.
pree'cox (early). }. Dark blue. March. 1790.
prate'nuis (meadow). Blue. May. Hun-
pu'bens (downy). $. Blue. May. Lunimar.
pu'mila (dwarf). Blue. May. Spain. 1821.
ro'sea (rosy). . .Rose. Numidia. 1827.
Sibi'rica (Siberian). ^. Blue. February.
umbella'ta (umbelled). $. Blue. April.
unifo'lia (one-leaved). $. White. May,
vfi'rna (spring). 5. Blue. April. Britain,
a'lba (white -flowered). %. White
ro'sea (rosy). . Rose. May.
villa' sa (shaggy-leaved). J. Lilac. Tripoli
SCIOBAPHY'LLUM. (From skiceides
shady, and phyllon, a leaf; the larg
leaves afford much shade. Nat. ord.
Ivyworts [Araliacese]. Linn,, 5-Pen-
andria 5-Pentagynia. Allied to the
Stove evergreens. Cuttings of half-ripened
hoots, in sand, under a bell-glass, in heat, in
pring ; sandy loam and fibry peat. Winter
emp., 50 to 55 ; summer, 60 to 80. The
Peruvian species will thrive well in a green-
ouse with 10 9 less.
S. acumina'tum (pointed-leaved). 10. Yellow.
ano'malum (anomalous). 20. White, green.
Bro'wnii (Brown's). 20. White. Jamaica.
co'nicum (conical). 10. Pale red. Peru,
digita'tum (finger-leaved); 10. Green. East
pedicella'tumdong-leaif-stsiikeA). 10. Purple.
penta'ndrum (five-stamened). 8. Pale red.
SCION. See Graff.
SCISSORS of various sizes are required
by the gardener. A pair with very
sharp and pointed blades is required
for cutting away the anthers
of flowers in hybridizing and
for thinning grapes. Stouter
pairs are used for removing
flower-stalks, when the petals
have fallen from roses, &c.
Sliding pruning scissors (see
Fig.) are employed for cut-
ting the shoots of shrubs ;
they are powerful instruments
for the purpose ; but a more
simple pair, without a spring, is made
by Mr. Turner, Neepsend, Sheffield.
Shears are only large scissors. Hedge
Shears for clipping hedges are the
most common. Sliding Priming Shears,
with a moveable centre, so as to make
a drawing cut when used as when the
pruning knife is employed. See Aver-
The drawing shows the smaller size,
used with one hand. The large
size, which has wooden handles,
will, when employed with both
hands, cut through a bough full
three inches in circumference,
with the greatest ease.
Verge Shears are merely the
hedge shears set nearly at a
right angle on long handles for
the convenience of the gardener
in clipping the sides of box
edging, and the verge of grass plots.
Turf Shears are set also at an angle,
but in a different direction for cutting
the tops of edgings, and grass growing
in corners unapproachable by the scythe.
SCLE'BOON. (From sckros, hafd, and