a glass, in heat, in March or April ; peat, loam,
leaf-mould, and sand. Winter temp., 50 to
60 ; summer, 60 to 90.
S. Anaca'rdium (Anacardium). 20. East Indies.
cuneifo'lium (wedge-leaved). 20. East Indies.
SEMPERYI'VUM. House Leek. (From
sempervivo, to live for ever ; tenacity of
life. Nat, ord,, Houseleeks [Crassula-
ceacece]. Linn., \\-Dodecandria 7-Dj-
Hardy and frame kinds, by division, and by
cuttings, and most of them delight in dry,
sandy soil, kept moist only when growing.
Grtenhoiist' kinds arc alo freely propagated by
[ 820 ]
cuttings, dried for several days at the cut part ;
grown in sandy loam, leaf-mould, and brick
rubbish, and kept dry and in a state of rest in
winter. Winter temp., 38 to 45; summer,
55 to 75.
S. arachnoi'deum (cobwebbed). . Purple.
July. Italy. 1699-
ma'jus (larger). . Red.
mi'nus (smaller). . Red.
flagellifo'rme (whip-formed). |. Reddish.
July. Siberia. 1823.
gtobi'ferum (globe-bearing. Hen and Chick-
ens). . Yellow. June. Germany. 1733.
hi'rtum (hairy). 1. Cream. June. Italy. 1804.
monta'num (mountain). . Red. June.
pu'milum (dwarf). . Pale red. June.
tecto'rum (roof. Common}. 1. Purplish.
S. dicho'tomum (two-ranked). Yellow. July.
Canaries. 1815. Biennial.
dodranta'le (nine-inch). . Flesh. July.
Teneriffe. 1815. Annual.
micra'nthes (small-flowered). . Green, red.
Stella 1 turn (starred). . Yellow. July.
Madeira. 1790. Annual.
S. aixoi'des (Aizoon-like). Yellow. June. Ma-
arbo'reum (tree). 9- Golden. July. Levant.
variegu'tum (va*iegp.teA-leaved), 4.
Yellow. July. Levant. 1640.
au'reum (golden). 1. Yellow. July. Canaries.
" spu'rium (spurious). 1. Yellow.
July. Canaries. 1820.
barba'tum (bearded). 1. Yellow. July.
Mfu'reum (forked). 2. Madeira.
ccespito'sum (turfy). . Yellow. August.
Canarie'nse (Canary), hj. White. June.
cilia' turn (hair-fringed), li. Pale yellow.
crue'ntum (bloody). 2. Yellow. May.
frute'scens (shrubby). 3. Yellow. Teneriffe.
glandulo'sum (glanded-/ea?;ed), 1. Yellow.
April. Madeira. 1777.
glutino'sum (clammy). l. Yellow. July.
polyphy' Hum (many-leaved). . Red. Au-
gust. Canaries. 1777.
retu'sum (large-bitten}, 2. Yellow. July.
rupi'fragra (rock-scenting). Yellow. May.
Smi'thii (Smith's). 1. Pale yellow. July.
tabulafo'rme (table-shaped). l. Yellow,
July. Madeira, 181 /'.
I S. tortuo'sum (twisted). |. Yellow. July.
u'rbicum (city). 2. Yellow, July. Teneriffe.
uvi'ferum (Grape-bearing. Uva de Guan-
ches). Yellow. Teneriffe. 1829.
villo'sum (shaggy). 3. Yellow. June.
Youngia'num (Young's). 3. Yellow. June.
SENECI'LLUS. (A diminutive of Se-
necio. Nat. ord., Composites [Astera-
cese]. Linn., 19-Syngenesia %-Supciflua.
Allied to Cineraria.)
Hardy herbaceous perennials. Seeds, but
more generally by divisions ; rich sandy loam,
or even common garden soil.
S. glau'ca (milky-green). 6. Yellow. July.
purpura'ta (purple). Purple. June. C, of
Good Hope. 1816.
SENE'CIO. Groundsel. (From senex t
an old man ; naked receptacle compared
to a bald head. Nat. ord., Composites
[Asteracere]. Linn., lti-Synffent'sia 'I
So difficult are the species to determine, that
twenty-one synonyms are added to Senecio,
All yellow-flowered, where not otherwise spe-
cified. Annuals, by seeds, in the open border,
and in a slight hotbed ; perennials, by seed,
and division of the plant, and also in common
garden soil ; shrubby kinds, by seeds, and easily
by cuttings, and mostly requiring a little peat
or dried leaf-mould along with the soil, and the
protection of a cool greenhouse. The double
varieties of elegans are much used in flower-
gardens ; but the single varieties are also very
beautiful. The double varieties are preserved
by cuttings in winter, and must be saved from
HARDY ANNUALS, &C.
S. ampulla! cens (flask- headed). 2. Texas. 1834.
crassifo'lius (thick-leaved). $. Purple. July,
South Europe. 1815.
divarica'tus (straggling). l. Purple. July.
China. 1801. Greenhouse biennials.
erube'scens (ruddy). 2. Purple. July. C. of
G.Hope. 1774. Greenhouse biennial.
Ga'llicus (French). June. France.
lanugino'sus (woolly). 5. November. 1826.
telephifo'lius (Telephium-leaved). 1. July.
C. of G. Hope. 1820.
Valerianeefo'lius (Valerian-leaved). 4. July.
S. gibbo'sus (swollen). June. Sicily. 1827.
S. argu'tus (sha.rn-leaved). 3. July. Mexico.
a'sper (rough). 3. July. C. of G.Hope.
Cinerarioi'des (Cineraria-like). July. Mex-
Slogans (elegant). 2. Purple. July. Cape
of Good Hope. 1700.
S. e'legans flo're-a'lbo (white -flowered), li-
White. July. C. of Good Hope. 1700.
ple'nus-a'lbus (double-white). l.
White. July. C. of Good Hope. 1/00.
ple'nus-ru'ber (double-red). 2. Red.
July. Cape of Good Hope. 1/00.
hcernatophy'llus (bloody-leaved). 2. April.
halimifo'lius (Halimus- leaved). 3. July.
Cape of Good Hope. 1723.
ilicifo'lius (Ilex-leaved). 3. June. Cape of
Good Hope. 1/31.
la'nceus (spew-leaved) . 3. August. Cape
of Good Hope. 1731.
L'Heritie'ri cyanophtha'lmus (L'Heritier's
blue-blossomed). Whitish blue. June.
Canaries. 1843. Herbaceous.
lila'cinus (Lilac). 6. Lilac. June. Cape
of Good Hope. 1826.
longifo'lius (long- leaved), 3. September.
Cape of Good Hope. 1775.
persiceefo'lius (Peach- leaved). 3. Purple.
July. Cape of Good Hope. 1820.
peucedunifo' lius (Peucedanium-leaved). 3.
Purple. May. C. of Good Hope. 1816.
Pse'udo-Chi'na (Bastard-Chinese). . July.
East Indies. 1/32. Herbaceous.
pubi'gerus (downy). 2. Red. June. Cape
of Good Hope. 1816.
purpu'reus (purple). 2. Purple. August.
C. of Good Hope. 1774- Herbaceous.
reclina'tus (leaning). 2. Purple. July.
Cape of Good Hope. 1774.
rige'scens (stiffish-/ewed). 3. July. Cape
of Good Hope. 1815.
ri'gidus (hard-leaved). 3. July. Cape of
Good Hope. 1704.
rosmarinifo' lius (Rosemary - leaved). 3.
July. Cape of Good Hope.
sca'ber (scurfy). 4. July. Cape of Good
Hope. 1700. Herbaceous.
solidugi'neus (Solidago-like). 2. July. Cape
of Good Hope. 1824.
specio'stis (showy). . Scarlet. July. China.
tussila' ginis (Colts- foot- leaved"). 1. Purple.
April. Teneriffe 1829.
venu'stus (beautiful). l. Purple. August.
Cape of Good Hope. 1774.
S. Adonidifo'lius (Adonis-leaved). 1. July.
Alpi'nus (Alpine). 2. July. S.Europe. 1683.
arachnoides (spider-like). July. Italy. 1827.
balsami'tes (Balsamita-like). June. N. Ame-
Canade'nsis (Canadian). l. July. N.
cordifo'lius (heart-leaved). 2. July. Austria.
coria'ceus (leathery-/eaoerf). 4. July. Le-
Croa'ticus (Croatian). 4. July. Hungary.
cro'ceus (reddish-yellow). June. Austria.
crue'nt us (bloody). Purple. April. Teneriffe.
deci'piens (deceiving). May. C. of G. Hope.
delphinifo'lius (Larkspur-leaved), 1. July,
S. cudo'rus (sweet-scented). July. 1815.
fri'gidus (cold). May. N. America. 1827.
Japo'nicus (Japan). 1. August. Japan. 1774.
leucophy'llus (white-leaved). 1. July. S. Eu-
lyratifo' Hits (Lyre-leaved). 2. July. Aus-
mlcrophy'llus (small - leaved). 4. July.
nemore'nsis (grove). 3. July. Austria. 1785.
odora'tus (sweet-scented). New Holland.
Otho'ncK (Othona-like). 2. Pink. July.
Iberia. 18 16.
ova'tuft (egg-leaved). 3. September. Ger-
prate 1 nuis (meadow). June. Galicia. 1828.
&mi'thii (Smith's). Pink. July. Cape
taraxacifo' lius (Dandelion -leaved). June.
Tournefo'rtii (Tournefort's). 3. July. Py
umbro'ws (shady). 2. July. Hungary. 1815.
unifio'rus (one-flowered). 5. July. Alpine
SENSITIVE FERN. Onocle'a sensi'bilis.
SENSITIVE PLANT. Mimo'sa pu'dica.
There are several other plants which
give evidence of being sensitive. The
Venus Fly Trap (Dionce'a musci'pula)
has jointed leaves, which are furnished
on their edges with a row of strong
prickles. Flies, attracted by honey
which is secreted in glands on their
surface, venture to alight upon them.
No sooner do their legs touch these
parts than the sides of the leaves spring
up, and, locking their rows of prickles
together, squeeze the insects to death.
O'xalls sensiti'va and Smi'thia sensiti'va
are similarly irritable, as are the fila-
ments of the stamens of the Berberry.
One of this sensitive tribe, Desmo'dium
gy'rans, has a spontaneous motion; its
leaves are frequently moving in various
directions, without order or co operation.
When an insect inserts its proboscis
between the converging anthers of a
Dog's Bane (Apo'cynitm androsscemi/o'-
lium) they close with a power usually
sufficient to detain the intruder until
SE'PTAS. (From sepicm, seven ; the
number prevailing in the parts of the
flower. Nat. ord., Houseleeks [Crassu-
lacese]. Linn., 1-Heptandrla 'L-Hepta-
Greenhouse, white-flowered evergreens, from
the Cape of Good Hope. Increased by divi-
sion ot the roots ; plants kept dry in winter ;
sandy loam and brick rubbish, Winter temp.,
38 to 45.
[ 822 ]
S. Cape'nsls (Cape). g. August. l"4.
- globiflo'ra (globe - flowered). '.
umbe'lla (umbelled). . July. 1800.
SERICO'GRAPHIS. (From scri/cos, silk,
and yrapko, to write. Xat. ord., Acan-
thads [ Acantliaceoa] . Linn., l-Didy-
namia 2-Angiospcrmia. Allied to Aphe-
Stove half-herbaceous perennial. Easily in-
creased by cuttings. For culture see Jusiiciu.
S. Ghiesbreghtia'na (Ghiesbreght's). 3. Scarlet.
SKRI'NGIA. (Named after M. Se-
ringa, a Swiss botanist. Nat. ord.,
JByttneriads [ByttneriaceseJ. Linn.,
b-Pentandria I-Monogynia. Allied to
Greenhouse evergreen. Cuttings of young
S.platyphy'lla (broad-leaved). 12. White.
June. New Holland. 1822.
SERI'SSA. (Name of a plant men-
tioned by Dioscorides. Nat. ord., Cin-
chonads [Cinchonacese]. Linn., 5-Pen-
Greenhouse, white-flowered evergreens, from
Japan. Cuttings, in spring, under a glass ;
loam, peat, and sand. Probably hardy in the
south of England.
S.fas'tida (stinking). 2. May. 1787.
mu'ltiplex (double-flowered). May.
SEKRA'TULA. Saw-wort. (From serra,
a saw ; edges of the leaves. Nat. ord.,
Composites [ Asteracese] . Linn., 10-
Perennials, by seeds and divisions in spring ;
annuals, by seed ; common garden soil. All
purple-flowered, except where otherwise stated.
S. leuca'ntha (white-flowered). White. July.
Spain. 1825. Annual.
ni'tens (shining). 2. July. Caucasus. 1823.
* radia'ta (rayed). 2. July. Hungary. 1800.
Transylva'nica (Transylvanian). 2. July.
S. ala'ta (winged). 2. July.
argu'ta (sharp-toothed). 3. September.
Ca'spica (Caspian). 2. July. Caspian. 1820.
Centaurioi'des (Centaury-like). 1. July.
corona' ta (crowned). 5. July. Siberia. 1739.
cyanoi'des (Cyanus-like). 2. Red. July,
cynaroi'des (Cynara-like). 3. July. Pyre-
- depre'ssa (depressed). 1. July. Caucasus. 1818.
e'legans (elegant). 2. July. Caucasus. 1819.
shoots, in sand, under a bell-glass, in April or
May ; sandy peat one part, sandy
parts. Winter temp., 40 to 48.
S. heterophy'lla (various - leaved) . 2. July.
Kitaibe'llii (Kitaibel's). 2. July. Hun-
multiflo'ru (many-flowered). 2. July. Sibe-
ni'tida (shining). 2. July. Siberia. 1827.
panno'nica (Hungarian). 2. July. Hun-
si'tnp lex (simple). 1. July. Nepaul. 1821.
SI.TJPJ-'IITA. (Named after .7. V?r/-Hn>r,
a German botanist. Nat. ord., Proteads
[Proteaceafj. Linn., i-Tclrumlria 1-
Monogynia. Alliance near Leucosper-
Greenhouse, Cape of Good Hope evergreens ;
purple-flowered, except where otherwise spe-
cified. Cuttings of ripe shoots, in sand, under
a bell-glass, and kept cool, the glass being
raised, and frequently removed at night, to pre-
i vent damping, the cuttings at the time pro-
tected by a frame or pit ; light fibry loam, with
a portion of charcoal and broken bricks or free-
stone. Winter temp., 38 to 48, with a shaded
position for the pots in the heat of summer ;
the heads will stand the sun freely, if the roots
S.abrotanifo'lia (Southernwood- leaved). 4.
acroca'rpa (pointed-fruited). Lilac. April.
i adsce'ndem (ascending). 2. 1819.
j ce'mula (rival). 3. 1803.
; arena'ria (sand). 1. 1803.
i Burma'nni (Burmann's). 2j. 1/86.
cilia' ta (hair-fringed). 2. 1803.
! cyanoi'des (Cyanus-like). l. 1803.
! decu'mbens (lying-down). 1. 1818.
diffu'sa (straggling). 3. 1810.
i eleva'ta (elevated). Lilac. April. 1821.
| elonga'ta (lengthened). l. 1800.
I emargina'ta (end-notched). 2. Pink. 1800.
I flagella'ris (whip). 2. 1816.
I flo'rida (flowery). 2. 1824.
glabe'rrima (very-smooth). 1. 1825.
glomera'ta (crowded). 3. 1/89.
Nive'ni (Niven's). l. 1800.
odnru'ta (sweet-scented). 2. Pink. 1803.
phylicoi'des (Phylica-like). 3. 178Q.
pinna'ta (leafleted). 1. Pink. 1803.
Roxbu'rghii (Roxburgh's). 3. White. 1806.
ntbricau'lis (red-stemmed). 2. 1818.
scario'sa (membranous). Lilac. 1816.
squarro'sa (spreading). 2. 1810.
SERVICE. Py'rus so'ruus. There arc
three varieties : Apple -shaped, Pear-
shaped, and Berry-shaped.
Propagation. By Grafting on the
i apple, medlar, and hawthorn.
By Cuttings and by Seed, as directed
for the Apple.
Soil. Clayey loam well drained suits
j it best.
Culture. They are best trained as
dwarf standards or espaliers. Sec
Gather the fruit in autumn, and
treat it like that of the medlar.
SESBA'NIA. (From sesban, the Arabic
name of S. JEgyptlca. Nat. ord., Legu-
minous Plants [Fabacene], Linn., 17-
Diadelphia -Decandria. Alliance near
All yellow-flowered. Annuals require to be
sown in a hotbed, in April, and flowered either
in the plant -stove or a warm greenhouse;
shrubs, by cuttings of the half-ripened, stubby
shoots, in sand, under a bell-glass, in bottom-
heat ; fibry loam and sundy peat. Winter
temp., 60; summer, 60 to Q0, with abun-
dance of moisture.
S, JSggpti'aca (Egyptian). 4. July. Egypt.
occidenta'lis (western). 4. July. W. Indies.
S. aculea't a (prickly). 4. July. E. Indies. 1690.
qffi'nis (kindred). 3. July. E. Indies. 1800.
gra'cilis (slender). 3. July. 1820.
pi'cta (painted). 6. July. W. Indies.
puncta'ta (red-spotted). 3. July. Guinea.
seri'cea (silky). 3. July. E.Indies. 1818.
SETS are the tubers, or portions of
tubers, employed for propagating pota-
toes and other tuberous-rooted plants.
It may be accepted as a rule universally
applicable to them, that a moderately-
sized whole tuber is always to be pre-
ferred to a cutting of a tuber.
SETTING is fertilizing the female
blossoms with pollen from the male
blossoms. A plant is said to be a shy
setter when this fertilizing is apt to fail.
SEVERI'NIA. A doubtful name for
the Box-leaved Orange. Ci'trus buxi-
SEYME'EJA. (Named after If. Seij-
mer, an English naturalist. Nat. ord.,
Figworts [Scrophulariacese]. Linn., 14-
Didynamia 2-Angiospermia. )
Hardy, yellow-flowered annuals, from North
America. Seeds, in April, in a peat border.
S. pectina'ta (corah-leaved). 1. July. 1820.
tenuifo'lia (fine-leaved). 1. July. 1730.
SHADDOCK. Ci'trus decuma'na.
SHADES are for prolonging the time
of a plant's blooming, or promoting the
rooting of cuttings, by excluding the
sunlight. See Cuttings, Screens, and
SHALLOT. See Eschalot.
SHANKING is the technical term for a
gangrene which attacks the footstalks
of grapes and the stems of cabbages
which have vegetated through the winter.
The shanking of the grape appears to be
occasioned by the soil becoming ex-
hausted, or by its temperature being too
much below that in which the branches
are vegetating ; and, consequently, the
supply of sap to the grapes being too
much diminished, the parts which thus
fail of support immediately begin to
decay: this is an effect always the^ con-
sequence of a diminished supply of sap,
apparent either in the leaves, flower, or
fruit. Shanking rarely appears in the
grape if the roots of the vine are within
the house. Shanking in the cabbage
arises from a very different cause, viz.,
the freezing of the stalk of the cabbage
just where it comes in contact with the
soil. The best preventive is dressing
the soil with salt, about five bushels
per acre, late in the autumn, and
sprinkling charred vegetable matters
among them. See Damping-off.
SHAEP CEDAE. Aca'cia oxyce'dnts and
Juni' perns oxyce'drns.
SHIELD FERN. Aspi'dium.
SHEEP LAUEEL. Ka'lmia angustifo'lia.
SHEEP'S SCABIOUS. Jasio'ne.
SHELLS. See Animal Matters.
SHELTEE. See Screen.
SHE -OAK. Casuari'na quadriva'lvis.
SHEPHEED'S BEARD. Arnopo'gon.
SHEPHEED'S CLUB. Verba'scum
SHEPHE'EDIA. (Named after the late
W. Shepherd, curator of the Botanic
Garden. Nat. ord., Oleasters [Elseag-
naceffi]. Linn., %%-Dicecia &-Tetrandria>
Allied to Hippophae.)
Hardy deciduous shrubs from North Ame-
rica. Generally by suckers; frequently by
seeds ; deep sandy loam. Good shrubs for
lawns or shrubberies.
S. arge'ntea (silvery). 10. April. 1820.
Canade'nsis (Canadian). 10. April. 1759.
SHIFTING. See Potting and One-shift
SHEEDS for fastening trees to Avails,
&c., are best made of the list or selvage
torn from black or blue cloth, and may
be obtained of any tailor. The smallest
possible number of shreds, and the
narrowest consistent with strength
should be employed ; for wherever the
[ 824 ]
shred envelops the branch, the wood
beneath is never so well ripened as
those parts' exposed to the light and
air, which are so essential to enable
the bark to assimilate and separate
from the sap those secretions which
are required for the next year's growth.
Shreds should always be long enough
to permit the ends to be doubled over,
so that the nail may pass through four
thicknesses of the cloth, otherwise they
look ragged and are liable to tear away
from the nail. If old shreds are re-
used, they should be previously boiled
for a few minutes to destroy any insect-
eggs, or larvae they may contain.
SHRIVELLING of the berries of the
grape in stoves arises from the roots of
the vine not supplying a sufficiency of
sap. This occurs if the roots are in a
cold heavy soil, or are vegetating in an
outside border, the temperature of which
is too low compared with that of the
stove. In the first case, thorough
draining and the incorporation of cal-
careous rubbish; and in the second
case, protection to the border and stem,
will remove the evil.
SHRUBBEEY is a garden, or portion of
a garden, devoted to the cultivation of
SHRUBS are trees of a dwarf growth,
not exceeding in height twelve or fif-
teen feet, unless they are climbers, and
having, if permitted, branches and
foliage, clothing the entire length of
SHUTE'RIA. See Convo'lvulus bi' color.
SHUTTING-UP is closing the lights of
frames, pits, greenhouses, and stoves,
which have been opened for the admis-
sion of air.
SIBBA'LDIA. (Named after Dr. Sib-
bald, of Edinburgh. Nat. ord., Rose-
worts [Kosacese]. Linn., 5-Pentandria
5-Pentagynia. Allied to Potentilla.)
Seeds, but chiefly by division of the plant, in
spring ; fibry sandy loam, and fibry peat. They
are best kept as little Alpines, in pots, protected
from frost and wet in winter, and shaded from
the midday sun in summer.
S. cre'cta (upright). 1. Pink. July. Siberia.
parviflo'ra (small - flowered). 4. Yellow.
July. Cappadocia. Herbaceous.
procu'mbens (lying-down). . Yellow. July.
Uritaiii. Evergreen trailer.
SIBERIAN CEAB. Py'rus pruni/o'lia.
SIBERIAN PEA- TREE. Carayafna.
SIBTHO'RPIA. (Named after Dr. Sib-
Ihorp. of Oxford. Nat. ord., Figworls
[Scrophulariacese]. Linn., l~Didy-
Yellow-flowered trailers. Seeds; and divisions
of the plant, in spring ; moist, sandy, shady,
peat-border. Prostrata requires the protection
of a greenhouse in winter.
S. Europce'a (European). &. July. England.
prostra'ta (trailing). . June. Madeira.
SI'DA. A name adopted from Theo-
phrastus, for an extensive group of
Mallow-worts^ of which the true generic
name is Cristaria, and the best species
are removed to Abutilon.
SIDEEI'TIS. Ironwort. (From sideros,
iron ; supposed power of healing wounds
by iron. Nat. ord., Lipworts [Lamia-
cese]. Linn., i-i-Didynamia %-Anyios-
permia. Allied to Marubium.)
Yellow-flowered, except where otherwise spe-
fied. Seeds; cuttings, under a hand-light,
S. Roma'na (Roman). 1. July. Italy. 1740.
serra'ta (saw -leaved}. 1. August. Spain.
spino'sa (spiny). l. August. Spain.
S. Scordioi'des (Scordium-like). 1. September.
- Alpi'na. (Alpine). 1. July. Py-
- - ungustifo'lia (narrow-leaved) . 1 .
July. Pyrenees. 1597-
elonga'tu (lengthened). August, Spain.
Tau'rica (Taurian). l. July. Tauria. 1822.
cified. ees; cuttngs
in summer; division of the plant, in spring;
dry, sandy, or chalky soil ; well fitted for knolls
leaved), 1 .
S. angustifo'lia (narrow
cham<edrifo'lia( Germander-leaved). 1. July.
ilicifo'lia (Holly-leaved). l. July. Levant.
inca'na (hoary). l. July. Spain. 1752.
leuca'ntlia (white-flowered). 1. White. July.
perfoliu'ta (leaf- stem-pierced). 2. Septem-
ber. Levant. 1731.
Syri'aca (Syrian). !. July. Levant. 1597-
SIDERODE'NDRON. Iron-Tree. (From
sidcros, iron, and dendron, a tree ; from
hardness of wood. Nat. ord., Cin-
chonads [Cinchonaceeej. Linn., 4-ZV -
trandria \-Mono(jynia. Alliance near
[ 825 ]
Stove evergreen tree. Cuttings of ripe shoots,
in sand, under a bell-glass, and in a moist heat ;
sandy, fibry loam, fibry peat, and leaf-mould.
Winter temp., 50 to 60 ; summer, 60 to 80.
S. triflo'rum (three-flowered). 20. Pink. West
SIEGESBE'CKIA. (Named after J. G.
Siegesbeck, a German botanist. Nat.
ord., Composites [Asteracete]. Linn.,
l\)-Syngenesia 2-Superflua. Alliance
Hardy, yellow-flowered annuals. Seeds, in a
hotbed, in April ; seedlings pricked off, and
finally turned out into the flower-garden in the
beginning of June ; rich, light, sandy soil.
S. cordifo'lia (heart - leaved). 20. August.
Ibe'rica. (Iberian). 1. White. August.
orienta'lis (eastern). 2. September. India.
triangula'ris (triangular). 2. August.
SIEVE 'RSIA. (Named after M. S Levers,
a Russian botanist. Nat. ord., Rose-
worts [Rosacese]. Linn., 1%-Icosandria
3-Polygynia. Allied to Geum.)
Hardy, yellow-flowered, herbaceous peren-
nials. Seeds, and division of the plant, in
spring ; light sandy soil.
S. anemonoi'des (Anemone - like). . July.
Atla'ntica (Atlantic). May. S.Europe. 1810.
glacia'lis (icy). . July. Siberia. 1819.
monta'na (mountain). . July. Austria. 1597.
Pe'ckii (Peck's). . July. N.America. 1826.
re'ptans (creeping). . July. Switzerland.
ro'sea (rosy). . May. Rocky Mountains.
triflo'ra (three-flowered). J. July. Louisiana.
SILE'NE. Catchfly. (From sialon,
saliva; from the gummy secretion on
the leaves of some, which entrap small
flies. Nat. ord., Cloveworts [Caryo-
phyllacese]. Linn., W-Decandria 3-
All freely by seeds, Annuals, in the open
garden, in April, and many, if sown in Septem-
ber, will bloom very early ; the low-growing
ones are very suitable for knolls and rockworks.
Herbaceous ones also by division, and by cut-