32, requires an extra bushel of coals
to be consumed per day, to compensate
for the heat radiated and conducted
from that surface ; and the smaller the
boiler, the greater is the proportionate
waste. The surface of the pipes should
be painted black, because a surface of
this colour gives out more heat in a
given time than any other.
Bark or Moist Stove. Mr. Loudon
gives the following design and descrip-
tion of a moist stove, wanned on the
old plan of deriving heat by the com-
bined agency of bark and flues. In-
stead of a stage in the centre it has a
pit, which may be from two-and-a-half
to four feet deep, according as bark or
leaves are to be used, the latter material
requiring the greatest depth. It is
commonly surrounded by a thin brick
wall : but planks of stone, or plates of
slate Or cast-iron, are to be preferred.
[ 864 ]
The roof, when necessary, may be sup-
ported by iron columns from the middle
of the pit, a.
Shelves may be placed against the
back wall, I, and occasionally a narrow-
leaved creeper run up the roof, c. We
may add, that houses of this description
are_ generally placed east and west
against walls, on account of the shelter
thereby obtained during winter, when a
high degree of heat is kept up within,
while the cold is excessive without.
STRAXVE'SIA. (Named after the Hun.
W. F. Strain/ways, F.K.S. Nat ord.,
Apple worts [Pomaeese]. Linn., 12-
Icosandria 2-Di-pentagynia. Allied to
A beautiful and nearly evergreen shrub, but
not quite hardy, except in the south of England.
Grafting on the thorn; in cold places would
like a little protection in winter.
S. glance' scens (grey-leaved). 20. White. June.
STRATIO'TKS. Water Soldier. (From
stratos, an army; sword -like leaves.
Nat. ord., Hydrocharads [Hydrochari-
daceas]. Linn., 22-Dioecia 10-Dode-
Hardy aquatics. Useful to plant in ponds,
where it will soon cover a large space. Seeds
and divisions ; ponds and lakes.
S. alismoi'des (Plantain-like). July. E. Indies.
aloi'dcs (Aloe-like). 2. White. June. Eng-
STRAVA'DIUM. (From the native
name in Malabar. Nat. ord., Barring-
toniads [Barringtoniaceee]. Linn., 16-
Stove evergreen trees. Cuttings of ripened
shoots, in sand, under a bell-glass, and in a
good moist bottom-heat ; tibry loam and peat,
with a little charcoal and silver sand. Winter
temp., 60 to 65 ; summer, 65 to 90.
.$. acuta'ngulum (sharp-angled). 20. Purple.
E. Indies. 1822.
racemo'sum (racemed). 20. White. W.
ru'brum (red). Red. E.Indies. 1822.
Superior kinds. No. 1, Black Prince ;
2, Keen's Seedling ; 3, British Queen ;
4, Elton; 5, Old Pine; 6, Alpine; 7,
Kitley's Goliath ; 8, Eliza ; 9, Eleanor.
For early heavy crops none can exceed
the Keen's ; for size, the British Q.ueen
and Goliath; for earliuess, the Black
Prince probably takes the lead; for
very late purposes, the Elton and Al-
pines ; and for forcing, the Keen's and
the British Queen.
Soil. A good loam of some depth is
best adapted to high culture. For
although strawberry walls are found to
be highly conducive to flavour, yet
they will not succeed well in such
situations, unless a special provision of
this kind be made for them. Therefore,
loose and sandy soils must be mixed with
marls or clays, and clayey soils must be
rendered open, by applying sand, road-
scrapings, cinder-ashes (fine), burnt or
charred material, &c. Boggy or peaty
soils will require consolidation, by burn-
ing, or the application of sound soil,
and by thorough draining, if wet.
Propagation: By Runners and Seed.
Their propagation by runners, is well
known. Seed-sowing is resorted to for
raising new varieties, and for heighten-
ing the culture of the Alpine class,
which is by most cultivators treated as
Culture during Hie growing period.
A'ery little is necessary besides keeping
them clear of weeds, and trimming all
those runners away which are not re-
quired for future stock. All operations
connected with root-culture should be
carried out during the rest period. At
the end of May, the runners will begin
to ramble freely, and at this time a
very general spring-dressing should
take place. This consists in hoeing
and raking the ground thoroughly,
choosing a dry period for the operation,
in order that every weed may be de-
stroyed ; at the same time trimming
away all the wires or strings on which
the runners are produced. The next
proceeding will be to place clean
straw, grass-mowings, or tan, beneath
the trusses of fruit ; this process re-
quires a little nicety of handling.
When the bloom trusses make their
appearance, the next great point is to
see that the plants never suffer from
drought, from this period to the mo-
ment they commence ripening.
Culture during the rest period. We
date our rest season from the period
at which the last fruit is gathered, or
soon after say the end of August. At
this period it will be found, that in
spite of the trimming the plants re-
[ 855 ]
ceivetl in May, a profusion of runners
will have been produced, the rambling
foliage from which will obstruct the
light from the older and principal
leaves, which have from this time
forward the important office of pre-
paring for the formation of the ensuing
year's blossom. The waste runners
should therefore be trimmed away as
soon as possible, for they also exhaust
the soil by their roots. In cutting
away these runners, great cave must be
exercised, in preserving all the true
leaves, which must by no means be
cut. No further trimming need be
practised until the following March, in
the early part of which all the decayed
and injured foliage may be cut away.
The rows being three feet apart, at the
end of October, one foot in the centre
only is to be dug, thus leaving the
plants one foot of roots on each side
entirely undisturbed. Introduce some
decayed manure annually in this
centre, and the small amount of loss
of root is more than compensated by
the volume of new white fibres, which,
by the month of May following, have
fully invested the new ground. The
dung or vegetable matter should be
somewhat fresh ; such is preferable to
Making new plantations. Trenching
should be had recourse to, going as
deep as the good soil will permit,
placing the manure necessary i>rinci-
pally between the two spits. If the soil
be shallow, of course the manure will
be dug down with a single spit. If
good runners can be obtained early in
July, and carefully cultivated, they may
be expected to bear a respectable crop
the following summer. From those
planted in February of course little
can be expected. It is by far the best
to keep a little nursery for runners in
a very open situation, and the plants a
long way apart.
Strawberry Walls or Banks. These
have been highly recommended, and
are, doubtless, very useful, as heighten-
ing flavour. They have, however,
never become very general, owing to
their being rather expensive in con-
structing. A strawberry wall, in the
direction of east and west, would be a
useful adjunct in high gardening, if
properly managed. On the south side,
plant the Black Prince and the Keen's
Seedling ; and on the north side the
Elton. The former would ripen a fort-
night earlier than ordinary ones, and
the latter continue bearing until Oc-
tober. These walls may be built of
any kind of material which will main-
tain its position, and should be as near
to an angle of 45 as can be approached.
They may be thus constructed
Strawberry Forcing. One principal
point here, is to obtain very early run-
ners, which is generally effected by
laying the earliest in small pots, in a
sound compost. These, when full of
roots, are repotted into larger ones ; and
the whole business henceforth is to give
them kindly cultivation, as to regular
waterings, &c., and by keeping them in
an open situation. By the end of Sep-
j tember they will possess stout buds,
j and must be plunged up to their rims
! for the winter. Forcing must be com-
I menced very gently, with plenty of
; atmospheric moisture, say, commence
I with the temperature at 55, and rise
i gradually by the time the leaf is tho-
; roughly developed, to 60, and the less
advance that is made beyond this the
I better, except in sunny weather. They
| love to be near the glass, and to have
abundance of air.
Culture of the Alpines. Sow seed
from choice fruit at the end of January,
in gentle heat, and prick the seedlings
out into boxes, still under glass, in
rich soil. Towards the end of April,
the plants, having been hardened off,
may be planted out finally; and an
elevated bed, in a sunny situation,
I should be chosen. They may be planted
| in double rows, half-a-yard apart in
the row, and the rows two feet apart.
The soil should be a rich loam ; and
when they are fruiting, some slates or
tiles may be placed beneath them, as
[ 856 ]
the autumn rains are apt to rot them. ;
They should be liberally watered during I
STRELI'TZIA. (Named after Charlotte,
queen to George III., of the house of
Mecklenburyh-Strelitz. Nat. ord., Musads
[Musacese]. Linn., 5-Pentandria 1-
Stove, yellow-flowered, herbaceous perennials,
from the Cape of Good Hope. By seeds, in a
good moist heat, in spring; generally by
suckers, and dividing the plant; fibry loam
and a little peat. Winter temp., 45 to 55 ;
summer, 60 to 80.
5. angustifo'lia (narrow-leaved). 6. May. 1778.
augu'sta (grand). 18. White. March. 1/91.
farino'sa (mealy -stalked). 5. February. 1795.
hu' mills (humble). 6. May.
ju'ncea (Rush-leaved'). 6. May.
ova'ta (egg-/eat>erf). 8. March. 177".
parvifo'lia (small-leaved). 6. June. 1796.
regi'nee (queen's). 8. April. 1773.
STREPTA'NTHERA. This genus is
united to Gladiolus; and the following
G. cu'prea (copper - coloured). 2- Copper.
June, Cape of Good Hope. 1825.
e'legans (elegant). $. White, blue. May.
Cape of Good Hope. 1827.
STREPTOCA'RPUS. (From streptos,
twisted, and carpos, a fruit ; the long
seed-pod twisted. Nat. ord., Gesner-
worls [Gesneracese]. Linn., 2-Diandria
Greenhouse herbaceous perennial. By seeds,
in a gentle hotbed, in spring ; also by dividing
the plant; light, rich, sandy loam. Winter
temp., 40 to 50-
S. Re'xii (Rex's). &. Blue. June. Cape of
Good Hope. 1824.
STRE'PTOPUS. (From streptos^ twisted,
and pous, a foot ; flower-stalks twisted.
Nat. ord., Melanths [Melanthacese].
Linn., 6-Hexaudria l-Monogynia. Al-
lied to Uvularia.)
Hardy herbaceous perennials. Seeds, or
divisions, in spring ; any good garden soil.
S.amplexifo' Hits (leaf-stem-clasp ing). 1. White.
May. Hungary. 1752.
dlsto'rtus (distorted). 1. Yellow. May.
North America. 1758.
lanugino'sus ^woolly). ! Yellow, green.
June. North America. 1812.
ro'seus (rosy). 1^. Pink. June. North
si'mplex (simple). l. June. Nepaul. 1822.
STRIKING, the process of causing
cuttings to emit roots.
STROBILA'NTHES. (From strobiles,
a pine-cone, and anthos, a flower; re-
semblance of the head of flower. Nat.
ord., Acanthads [Acanthacese]. Linn.,
14:-Didynamia Q-Anyiospermia.. Allied
Stove evergreen shrubs. Cuttings, any time
during summer, in sandy soil, under a hand-
light, in heat; fibry loam and sandy peat.
Winter temp., 48 to 55 ; summer, 60 to 80.
S. callo'sus (thick-barked). Blue. May. East
lacta'tus (milky-teawed). 1. Pale lilac.
September. East Indies. 1847.
macula' tus (spotted-/eaued). l. Pale lilac.
Sabinia'na (Sabine's). 4. Blue, purple.
March. Nepaul. 181i6.
sca'bra (rough). 4. Yellow. May. East
se'ssilis (stalkless). 4. Blue. April. Bombay.
STROPHA'NTHUS. (From strophos,
twisted, and anthos, a flower ; divisions
of petals twisted. Nat. ord., Dogbanes
[Apocynacese]. Linn., 5-Pentandria
\-Monogynia. Allied to Nerium.)
Stove evergreen shrubs. Cuttings of half-
ripened shoots, in sand, under a glass, in heat,
in spring ; fibry loam and sandy peat. Winter
temp., 50 to 55 ; summer, 60 to 85.
S. Chine'nsis (Chinese). Yellow. June. China.
dicho'tomus (forked). 3. Rosy. June.
East Indies. 1816.
dive! r gens (spreading). 3. Yellow. February.
sarmento'sus (trailing). 6. Red. June.
Sierra Leone. 1824.
STRUMA'RIA. (From struma, a tu-
bercle ; the style is enlarged at the
bottom. Nat. ord., AmaryHids [Ama-
ryllidacese]. Linn., Q-Hcxandria 1-
Monogynia. Allied to Nerine and
Bulbs from the Cape of Good Hope. For
culture, see Nerine,
S. angustifo'lia (narrow-leaved). . Pink. April.
cri'spa (curled-./?ou>emf) . 4. Pink. June.
filifo'lia (thread-leaved). . White. No-
gemma'ta (jewel-lowered). 1. Pale yellow.
lingucefo' Ha (tongue-leaved). White. April.
rube'll'a (pale red). 4. Pink. May. 1795.
spira'lis (spiral). 4. Pink. July. 1774.
stella' ris (starry). $. Pink. October. 1794.
trunca'ta (abrupt-ended-/earerf). ^. White.
undula'ta (viwy-flowcred}. . White. May.
STBUTHIO'LA. (From strouthion, a
little sparrow ; resemblance of seeds to
a beak. Nat. ord., Daphnads [Thyme-
laceae]. Linn., -Tetrandria l-Mono-
'jynia. Allied to Pimelea.)
Greenhouse evergreens from the Cape of
Good Hope. Cuttings of the points of shoots,
two or three inches in length, in sand, under a |
bell-glass, in May ; sandy fibry peat and a little j
charcoal. Winter temp., 40 to 4/.
S. angustifo'lia (narrow-leaved). 3. Yellow, j
cilia' ta (hair-fringed). 2. White. June. 1779- I
ere'cta (upright). 14. White. June. 1798.
gla'bra (smooth). 2. Yellow. June. 1820.
imbrica'ta (tiled-leaved). 2. Yellow. June.
inca'na (hoary). 2. White. August. 1817-
juniperi'na (Juniper-leaved). 2. White.
laterifto'ra (side-flowered). 2. Yellow. July.
longiflo'ra (long-flowered). 2. Yellow. July.
lu'cens (shining). 2. Yellow. June. 1817.
ova'ta (egg-leaved). 2. White. April. 1792.
pube'scens (downy). 3. Red. June. 1790.
stria'ta (streaked). 2. Yellow. July. 1820.
tomento'sa (woolly -leaved). 2. Yellow. Au-
virga'ta (twiggy). 2. Red. June. 1779'
STRUTHIO'PTERIS. (From strouthios,
an ostrich, and pteris, a fern; resem-
blance of the leaves or fronds to its
feathers. Nat. ord., Ferns [Polypodia-
cese]. Linn., %-Cryptogamia l-FUices.}
Hardy, brown-spored Ferns. See Ferns.
S. Germa'nica (German). 2. July. Europe. 1760.
Pennsylva'nica (Pennsylvanian). 2. August.
North America. 1812.
STUA'RTIA. (Named after 7b/w Stuart,
Marquis of Bute. Nat. ord., Theads
[Ternstromiacese]. Linn., IQ-Mona-
delphla 8-Polyandria. Allied to Gor-
Hardy, white - flowered, deciduous shrubs,
from North America. Generally by layers;
moist peat soil, or deep, moist, sandy loam.
S. ova'tum (egg-leaved). 9. July. 1785.
Virgi'nica (Virginian). 10. July. 1843.
STYLI'DIUM. (From stylos, a column ;
the stamens and style joined into a
column. Nat. ord., Style-worts [Stylidia-
cete]. Linn., ZQ-Gynandria 2-Diandria.)
All New Holland plants. Herbaceous, by
divisions, and by seeds, in spring ; shrubs, by
cuttings of young shoots, in sand, under a
bell-glass ; fibry sandy loam, and a little peat
and vegetable mould. Winter temp., 40 to 45.
S. Brunonia'num (Dr. Brown's). 1. Rose.
fascicula'tum (bundled). . Pink, August.
S.frutico'sum (shrubby). 14. Pink. July. 1803.
sca'ndens (climbing). 2. Rose. July. 1803.
S. adna'tum (adhering). . Pink. July. 1824.
androsa'ceum (Androsace-like). White.
bi'color (two-coloured). White, purple. 1843.
canalicula'tum (channelled-feaued). Yellow.
caule'scens (frmg-stemnied). Pink.
caricifo'lium (Sedge-leaved). White. July.
cilia' turn (hair-fringed). 1. Yellow. May.
compre'ssum (flattened). Yellow, purple.
Drummo'ndi (Drummond's). 2. Pink. No-
graminifo'lium (Grass - leaved). 1. Pink.
hirsu'tum (hairy -scaped). 2- Rose. June.
hi'spidum (bristly). White. July.
ju'nceurn (Rush-like). $. Rose. 1830.
leptosta'chyum (narrow-spiked). White.
linea're (narrow -leaved). 1. Red. June. 1812.
nu'dum (naked - stemmed). White. June.
pilo'sum (hairy). 1. Pink, white. June. 1841.
proli'ferum (proliferous). Pink. June. 1839.
pycnosta'chyum (dense-spiked). Pink. June.
recu'rvum (curled-back). . Green, purple.
saxifragoi'des (Saxifrage-like). White. June.
sca'bridum (rather-rough). White. July.
stria' turn (channeled). White. May.
tenuifo'lium (fine-leaved). 1. Pink. July.
STYLOCO'RYNE. (From stylos , a
column, and koryne, a club ; shape of
the style. Nat. ord., Cinchonads [Cin-
chonacese]. Linn., 5-Penlandria \-Mo-
Stove, white - flowered, East - Indian ever-
greens. Cuttings of young shoots, in sand,
under a bell-glass, in heat ; fibry sandy loam
and peat. Winter temp., 45 to 55 ; summer,
60 to 85.
S. coria'cea (leathery- leaved). 1828.
corymbo'sa (corymbed). 5. 1759.
cymo'sa (cymed). 1811.
STYPA'NDRA. (From stype, tow, and
aner, an anther ; resemblance of the
anthers. Nat. ord., Lilyivorts [Lilia-
ceas]. Linn., 6-Hcxandria ]-Monoyynia.
Allied to Anthericurn.)
Greenhouse, New Holland plants. Division
of the plant, in spring ; sandy loam and fibry
peat ; require the protection of a dry cold pit in
S.frute'scens (shrubby). 2. Violet. June.
propi'nqua (related). 1. Azure. September,
STYPHE'LIA. (Form styphelos, hard ;
[ 858 J
referring to the wood. Nat. ord., JEpac-
rids [Epacridacese]. Linn., 6-Pentah-
Greenhouse, New Holland evergreens. Cut-
tings of young shoots, in sand, under a bell-
glass, in April ; sandy fibry peat, and only a
little fibry loam. Winter temp., 38 to 48.
S. Epacrioi'des (Epacris-like). 6. Crimson.
latifo'lia (broad-leaved). 4. Pink. June.
triflo'ra (three-flowered). 6. Pink. July.
tubiflo'ra (tube-flowered). 6. Scarlet. July.
STY'RAX. Storax. (From the Arabic.
Nat. ord., Storaxworts [Styracacese].
Linn., 10-Decandria 1-Hfonoyynia,}
Hardy deciduous, white-flowered, shrubs. By
imported seeds, and cuttings and layers ; light
rich sandy loam, and a little peat ; should be
planted against a wall to bloom profusely, and
it is well worthy of such protection; next to
that a dry protected situation.
S. grandifo'lium (large-leaved). 6. July. N.
l&viga'ta (smooth). 4. July. N. America.
officina'le (shop). 12. July. Levant. 1597.
pulverule'ntum (powdery). 4. June. N.
SUCCULENT PLANTS are so charac-
terised on account of their thick juicy
leaves. They are formed to exist, says
Mr. Fortune, in countries and situations
where they are often exposed to intense
light and dryness; their skins are
thick ; they have few evaporating pores ;
and they have, likewise, few roots to
gorge their tissue with food during the
rainy season. Therefore, we find the
dry sandy plains of the Cape abounding
in aloes and mesembryanthemiims ; and
the bare volcanic rocks of Mount Etna
covered, in many places, Avith the
common prickly pear. In Mexico, also,
and in many other parts of Central and
South America, the extensive race of
cacti, with their curious un- vegetable-
like forms, are at home, and flourish
even in those dry and parched seasons
when the whole face of nature besides
seems withered and destroyed. The
natural circumstances in which these
plants are found are sure and certain
guides in cultivation.
SUCKERS are branches naturally
thrown up by a plant from its base,
when the onward current of growth of
the stem is stopped.
SUFFOCATION is a term employed by
! Keith and others to describe any stop-
ping of the transpiratcry organs of
plants, whether it arises from extra-
vasated sap, mosses, fungi, or from a
deficient supply of sap.
SUGAR BAKERS' REFUSE. See Animal
SUGAR CANE. Sa'ccharum.
SUN -DEW. Dro'sera.
SUNFLOWER. ' Helia'nthus.
H. a'nnmts. Annual Sunflower, is
now much cultivated for its oil, and as
a food for cattle and poultry.
The earlier the seed can be got into
the ground the better, say the begin-
ning of April, as the crop will be ready
to harvest the latter part of August,
which will be of the greatest importance
| to growers. The necessary quantity of
seed required for an acre depends upon
| the conditions of the soil, and varies
i from four pounds to five pounds ; but,
I of course, it is advisable to sow a little
! more than is actually wanted, to provide
| against accidents. The seed should be
I drilled into the ground, and the distance
I from row to row eighteen inches ; the
j plants to be thinned out to thirty
inches from plant to plant, and the
number of plants at this distance
would be about 14,500 per acre ; at
eighteen inches from plant to plant,
25,000 per acre ; and at twelve inches
| from plant to plant, 32,000. The pro-
! duce of this kind of grain, like that of
most others, varies considerably, ac-
cording to the state of the soil, climate,
and the cultivation that is employed ;
but the average quantity of seed is
about fifty bushels per acre. This will
produce fifty gallons of oil, and of oil-
cake, 1,500 pounds. The stalks, when
burnt for alkali, give ten hundred-
weight of potash.
SUNFLOWER. Actino'tus Hello? nthi.
SUN- FRUIT. Helioca'rpus.
SUN-ROSE. Hello,' nthemwrn.
SURFACE GRUBS, or caterpillars, are
the larvae of several species of Noctua,
or Night Moths. Gardeners thus
name them because they attack the
roots of the turnip, mangold wurtzel,
&c., just at the surface of the soil.
SUTHERLA'NDIA. (Named after
James Sutherland, author of a botani-
cal catalogue. Nat. ord., Leguminous
Plants [Fabaceaj]. Linn., 17-Diacfe/-
phia -i-l)ecandriu. Allied to Clianthus.)
Half-hardy, scarlet-flowered, evergreens, from
the Cape of Good Hope. Seeds in spring, or
cuttings of young shoots, in May, under a
hand-light ; requires protection in hard winters.
S.fmte'scens (shrubby). 3. June. 1688.
cune'scens (hoary). June. 1816.
microphy'lla (small-flowered). 3. June. 1816.
SWAIXSO'NIA. (Named after Isaac
Swainson, F.K.S. Nat. ord., Legumi-
nous Plants [Fabacem]. Linn., 17-
Diadelpkia -Decandria. Allied to
Greenhouse, New Holland, evergreen shrubs.
Seeds, in a slight hotbed, in April, after
being soaked in warm water, or they may be
sown when ripe ; cuttings of young shoots, in
sand, under a bell-glass, and kept in a cool
frame or pit, any time in summer ; sandy fibry
loam, and a third of peat. Winter temp., 38
to 45. They would no doubt succeed against a
protected conservative wall.
S. astragalifo'lia (Astragalus-leaved). White.
eojWM'##/o'/ia (Coronilla- leaved). 2. Purple.
gulegifo'lia (Galega-leaved). 2. Red. July.
albiflo'ra (white - flowered). 2. ,
White. July. 1826.
Grey'ana (Capt. Grey's). 2. Pink. July. 1844. I
tessertitefo'lia (Lessertia-leaved). 2. Purple. !
SWAMMERDA'MIA. (Named after J.
Sivammerdam, the naturalist. Nat. ord.,
Composites [ Asteracese] . Linn., W-Syn-
genesia 2-Siiperflua. Allied to Podo-
Half-hardy evergreen, for culture see Podo-
S. antenna' ria (Antennaria-like). 3. White.
January. Van Diemens Land.
SWAMP LOCUST-TREE. Gledi'tschia
SWAMP POST. Que'rcus lyra'ta,
SWAMP SASSAFRAS or LAUREL. Mag-
no' Ha glau'ca.
SWA'RTZIA. (Named after Olof
SivartZy a German botanist. Nat. ord.,
Leguminous Plants [Fabacese]. Linn.,
\\-Decandria 1-Monoyynia. Allied to
Stove evergreen shrub. Cuttings of half-
ripened shoots, in sand, under a bell-glass, and
in bottom-heat, in the beginning of summer ;
sandy libry loam and peat, in equal proportions.
Winter temp., 50 ; summer, 60 to 85.
S. grandiflo'ra (large-flower d). 6. Yellow,
SWEDISH BEAM-TREE. Py'rus in-
SWEEPING. See Besom. It is best
done in calm weather, and early, whilst
the dew is strong enough to allay the
dust, and keep the light refuse from
SWEET BAY. Lau'rus no' bills.
SWEET BRIAR. Ro'sa rubigino'sa.