ord., Meliads [Meliacese], Linn., 16-
Monadelphia 6-Decandria. Allied to
Stove evergreen trees. Cuttings of firm young
shoots, in sand, under a bell-glass, in March,
in a hot-bed ; fibry sandy loam and vegetable
mould. Winter temp., 55 to 60; summer,
60 to 85.
T. heteropliy'lla (various-leaved). 20. White.
May. Sierra Leone.
loba'ta (lobcd-leaved). White. July. Sierra
pinna'ta (leafleted). 15. Pale rose. March.
TUSSILA'GO. Coltsfoot. (From tussis,
a cough ; used to allay coughs. Nat.
ord., Composites [Asteraceee], Linn.,
Hardy herbaceous perennials. Division of
the roots, which are mostly inclined to spread
freely. The flowers of many of the sorts, espe-
cially offragrans, are grateful from their scent,
and, if kept in pots, are interesting in a green-
house in the early months of the year; they
generally do best in a strong loamy soil mode-
T. a'lba (white. Butter Bur}. 1. White.
March. Europe. 1683.
Alpi'na (Alpine). . Lilac, purple. April.
dl'scolor (two-coloured). J. Lilac, purple.
April. Austria. 1633.
Fa'rfara fo'liis variega'tls (common varie-
gated-leaved. Farfara). . Yellow.
fra'grans (sweet- scented). I. White. Fe-
bruary. Italy. 1806.
fri'gida(cold). . Pale. May. Lapland. 1?10
laviga'ta (smooth). . Yellow. May, Bo*-
I 900 ]
T. ni'vea (snowy), l. White. April. Swit-
palma'ta (hand-leaved). . White. April.
purpu'rea (purple). Purple. July. C, of
G. Hope. 1825.
sagitta'ta (mow -leaved). . White. April.
TWEE'DIA. (Named after Mr.
Tweedie, a botanical collector. Nat.
ord,, Asclepiads [Asclepiadaceoe]. Linn.,
Greenhouse twiners. Seeds, in a slight hot-
bed, in spring ; cuttings of young shoots getting
firm at the base, in sand, under a bell-glass, in
April or May ; sandy fibry loam, with a little
peat, and leaf-mould: require the protection
of a cool greenhouse in winter.
T. cceru'lea (blue). 3. Blue. Buenos Ayres.
floribu'nda (bundle-flowered). Pink. July.
versi'color (changeable-colored). 3. Blue.
July. Tucumania. 1836.
TYLO'PHOEA. (From tylos, a swelling,
and phoreo, to bear ; the swollen pollen
masses. Nat. ord., Asclepiads [Ascle-
piadaceee]. Linn., 5-Penlandria 2-Di-
Greenhouse evergreen twiners. Cuttings of
either old or young shoots, in very sandy loam,
and brick and old lime rubbish, in spring,
though any time will do ; sandy loam, lime
rubbish, and little old dried cow-dung. Winter
temp., 40 to 45, and dry; summer/fiO to 85,
T. barba'ta (bearded). 10, July. New S.
exi'lis (slender). 10. Pale purple. July.
grandiflo'ra (large - flowered). 10. July.
N. S. Wales. 1822.
TYTO'NIA. The Water Balsam. (In
honour of A. Tyton, a patron of botany.
Nat. ord., Balsams [ Balsaminaceae ].
Linn., 5-Pentandria LMonogynia.)
This genus is now called Hydro'cera. Stove
aquatic. Seeds sown in spring, in a good hot-
bed, and grown in strong loamy soil, with the
pot immersed in water in a tub, and receiving
the high temperature of a plant-stove from
65 to 90.
1. na'tans (swimming). Various, August.
E. Indies, 1810.
ULCER. See Canker.
U'LEX. Furze. (From the Celtic
ac, a point ; the prickly branches. Nat.
ord., Leguminous Plants [Fahaceai].
Linn , IG-Monadelphia ft-Decandria.)
Hardy, yellow-flowered evergreens . Seeds,
in spring, deep light soil, though not very par-
ticular. The gorse, whin, or furze, is valuable,
not only for its great beauty, but as constituting
a valuable fodder and fence plant. The Double-
blossomed Furze is very beautiful, and worthy
of a place in small gardens, and is propagated
by cuttings in spring and autumn, in a shady
sandy border, or under hand-glasses. The
Upright, or Irish, Furze is propagated in a
similar manner, and is also valuable for fodder ;
but it seldom flowers, and when it does has
generally only a few flowers on a plant. We
are not aware that it has been raised true from
seed, and therefore it is supposed to be not a
species, but a variety of Europcea or nana.
U. Europce'a (European. Common). 6. June.
flo're-ple'no (double - flowered).
6. May. Britain.
na'na (dwarf). 2. August. Britain.
Provincia'lis (Provence). 4. July. South
stri'cta (erect. Irish). 10. October. Ireland.
ULLO'A. See Juanutto'a,
U'LMUS. The Elm. (From the
Celtic name itlm. Nat. ord., Elmworls
[Ulmacere]. Linn., b-Pcntandria 2-
Nearly all hardy ; all deciduous, and brown-
flowered, blooming in April. Campestris, and
its allies, by suckers and layers, and by graft-
ing on the montana. The latter is also propa-
gated, not by suckers, but by layers, which root
freely ; but chiefly by seeds, which should be
gathered in June as soon as ripe, and sown in
light mellow soil; or dried and put in bags
until the following March or April. Deep, dry,
sandy loam suits all this species and varieties,
and produces the most valuable timber.
U. ala'ta (winged). 30. N.America. 1820.
a'lba (white- Hungarian). 30. Hungary.
America'na (white- American'), 40. N.
a'lba (white-branched), 40. N.
fo'lils - variega'tis (variegated-
inci'sa (cut-leaved). N. Ame-
" pe'ndula (drooping). N.America.
ru'bra (red-branched). 40. N.
campe'stris (English-field.). 80. Britain.
' acutifo'lia (acute-leaved). 80.
a'lba (white). 80. Britain.
_ _ betul&fo'lia (Birch - leaved).
Chine'nsis (Chinese). China.
concavatfo lia (concave-leaved).
Cornubie'nsis (Cornish). 8,
"* cuculla'ta (hoodedL-leaved),
fo'liis-au'reis (leaves golden -
U. campe'stris fo'liis-variega'tis (leaves varie-
gated with white). Britain.
lutifo'lia (broad-leaved). 80.
na'na ((dwarf). 2. Britain.
parvifo'lia (small- leaved). 20.
planifo'lia (broad-leaved). 20.
Sarnie' nsis (Jersey). 80. Britain.
stri'cta (upright). 80. Britain.
tortuo'su (twisted). Britain.
vimina'lis (twiggy). 30. Britain.
vi'rens (green. Kidbrook}* 80.
visco'sa (clammy). Britain.
vulga'ris (common). 80. Britain.
carplnifo' lia (Hornbeam-leaved). Britain.
cffu'sa (spreading-./?OM>ered). Britain.
frutico'sa (shrubby). 8. Europe.
fu'lva (deep-yellow). 60. N. America.
g la' bra (smooth}. 60. Britain.
glandulo'sa (glandulous - leaved} .
latifo'lia (broad-leaved). Britain.
-. ma'jor (greater). 80. Britain.
microphy'lla (small-leaved). Britain.
pe'ndula (drooping), Britain.
: ramulo'sa (branching). Floetbeck.
variega'ta (variegated-feaued). Bri-
integrifo'lia (entire-leaved). 40. E. Indies.
ma'jor (greater). 40. Britain.
monta'na (mountain. Scotch or WycJi). 40.
cri'spa (curled-feaoed). 20. N.
_ fastigia'ta (pyramidal. Exeter],
ma'jor (greater). Britain.
mi' nor (less). Britain.
ni'gra (black). 40. Ireland.
pe'ndula (drooping). Britain.
' rugo'sa (rough-heaved). 40. Britain.
vulga'ris (common). 40. Britain.
subero'sa (cork-6ar/ired). 40. Britain.
. a'lba (white-AarAed). Britain.
angustifo'lia (narrow - leaved).
ere'cta (upright). 80. Britain.
fo'liis ' variega'tis (variegated-
leaved). 80. Britain.
, latifo'lia (broad-leaved). Hertford.
vulga'ris (common). 80. Holland.
UMBI'LICUS. (From umbilicus, the
navel ; concave leaves of some species.
Nat. ord., Houseleeks [Crassulaceoe].
Linn., \Q-Decandria 'L-Pcntagynia. Al-
lied to Sedum.)
Hardy herbaceous succulents. Seeds, divi-
sions, and cuttings of offsets ; sandy loam and
peat. They do best in the recesses of rock-
U. crc'ctus (upright). Yellow. England.
~ horisonta'lis (.horizontal), Yellow, June.
U. Lieve'nii (Lieven's). Red. May. Caucasus.
lu'tea (yellow). . Yellow. June. England.
penduli'nus (drooping). Yellow. June.
serra'tus (saw-edge-Zeawed). Purple. June.
spino'sus (spiny), i. White. June. Siberia,
UNCA'RIA. The following stove ever-
green climbers, with pale red flowers,
should be added to Nauclea.
N, Ga'mbier (Gambier). 10. E.Indies. 1825.
sessilifru'ctus (stalkless-fruited). 10. E.
UNDERGROUND ONION. See Potato
UNTRUE. See Sporting.
URA'NIA. (From ouranios, sublime ;
the stateliness of the plant. Nat. ord.,
Musads [Musaceee]. Linn., Q-Hexandria
We have retained this the old name, but it is
properly Ravena'la, Stove herbaceous. Seeds,
in a hotbed, in spring ; suckers, and divisions ;
sandy fibry loam, a little dried leaf-mould, and
charcoal. Winter temp., 55 to 65; summer,
65 to 90, and a moist atmosphere.
U. specio'Sa (showy). 20. Red. Madagascar.
URA'RIA. (From our a, a tail; the
bracts. Nat. ord., Leguminous Plants
[Fabacese]. Linn., 17 '-Diadelphia 4-
Decandria. Allied to Hedysarum.)
Stove evergreens. Seeds, in*,a hotbed, in
spring; and cuttings of side- shoots, in May, in
sand, under a bell-glass ; sandy loam and fibry
peat. Winter temp., 55 to 65 ; summer, 65
U. alopecuro'ides (Foxtail-like). White. July.
E. Indies. 1823.
como'sa (tufted). 3. Purple. July. E.
crini'ta (hairy). 2. Pink. July. E. Indies.
hamo'sa (hooked). White. June. E. Indies.
lagocepha'la (hare-headed). 2. Yellow.
July. Brazil. 1824.
lagopodioi'des (Hare's-foot-like). Ij. Pur-
ple. July. China. 1790.
lago'pus (Hare's-foot). ?. Purple. June.
pi' eta (pain ted- /eared). 3. Purple. July.
URCEOLI'NA. (From urceolus, a small
cup or pitcher ; from the smallness of
the cup or nectary inside the flower.
Nat. ord., Amaryllids [AmaryllidacesB].
Linn., 6-Ifcxandria l-JUfonoyynia, Al-
lied to Clinanthus.)
Half-nafrdy bulb, growing in shady woods,
and flowering from June to November, and
requires perfect rest in winter. Offset bulbs ;
rich fibry loam ; the protection cf a cold pit,
and kept dry in winter.
U, pe'ndula (lianging-down). Yellow, green.
June. Peru. 1837.
UKEDO. See Barberry and Mildew.
UKINE. See Dung. The urine of
all animals is excellent as a manure ;
but it must be given only to plants
whilst growing, and in a diluted state.
One of the most fertilizing of liquid
manures is composed of cabbage-leaves,
and other vegetable refuse, putrefied
in the urine from a house or stable,
and diluted with three times its quan-
tity of water when applied. If mixed
with bleaching powder (chloride of
lime), there will be no offensive smell.
Gypsum mixed with urine, or a little
oil of vitriol poured into it, adds to its
utility as a manure. Sulphate of iron,
in the proportion of seven pounds to
every hundred of urine, prevents the
escape of ammonia during putrefaction.
UEOPE 'TALON. (From oura, a tail,
and petalon, a petal; the petals are
lengthened out into tail-like appen-
dages. Nat. ord., Lily worts [Liliacese],
Linn., Q-Hexandrla \-Monogynia. Al-
liance near Albuca.)
Offsets in spring; sandy light loam, and
leaf-mould. Must be kept dry in winter, either
by protecting them in a border, or placing them
in a cold pit, perhaps best by potting them,
and keeping them in pit or greenhouse, and
dry, until growth has fairly commenced.
U.fu'lvum (tawny). . Green, red. July.
longifo'lium (long-leaved). 2. Purple, blue.
August. Mozambique. 1825.
sero'tinum (late-flowering). f . Green, red.
July. Spain. 1629.
UVA'KIA. (From uva, a cluster of
grapes ; the resemblance of the fruit.
Nat. ord., Anonads [Anonacesej. Linn.,
Stove evergreens ; brown - flowered except
where otherwise mentioned. Cuttings of firm
side-shoots, in May, in sand, under a bell-glass,
in heat ; sandy loam and fibry peat. Winter
temp., 55 to 60 ; summer, 60 to 85.
U. acumina'ta (sharp-pointed). 6. Guiana.
aroma' tica (aromatic). 6. Guiana. 1820.
escule'nta (eatable). 10. Madras. 1818.
fascicula'ta (bundled). E. Indies. 1823.
fusca'ta (brown). 5. Guiana. 1823.
Gcc'rtneri (Gaertners's). 6. E. Indies. 1820.
longiflo'ra (long-flowered). Purple. E,
V. longifo'lia (long-leaved). 4. Bengal. 1820.
lu'cida (-shining). Africa. 1825.
lu'tea (yellow). 6. Greenish yellow. E.
Na'rum (Narum). 10. Malabar.
nitidi'ssima (most-shining). Blue. Cale-
odora'ta (sweet-scented). E. Indies. 1804.
tomento'sa (woolly). 6. E. Indies. 1822.
veluti'na (velvety). 6. E. Indies. 1823.
villa' sa (shaggy). E.Indies. 1831.
Zeyla'nica (Ceylon). 20. Scarlet. Ceylon.
UVULA'EIA. ( Formerly ; used in dis-
eases of the uvula. Nat. ord., Melanths
[Melanthaceffi]. Linn., Q-Hexandria
Hardy, North American, herbaceous peren-
nials ; yellow-flowered, except grandiflora.
Division of the plant, in spring ; light sandy
U.fla'va- (yellow). . May. 1810.
grandiflo'ra (large-flowered) . It Purple.
lanceola'ta (spew-leaved). 1. July. 1710.
perfolia'ta (leaf-stem-pierced). . May.
pube'rula (downy). . May. 1824.
sessilJfo'lia (stalkless-leaved). . June. 1790.
VACCI'NTUM. Whortle-berry. (The
derivation is doubtful, perhaps from
bacca, a berry. Nat. ord., Cranberries
[Vacciniacese]. Linn., S-Octandria 1-
Seeds in autumn ; cuttings, under a hand-
light, in summer ; suckers ; divisions ; rooting
stems from trailing along the ground ; very
sandy loam, if a portion of peat all the better.
All hardy except Caracasanum, leucostomum,
and meridionale, and all deciduous, and natives
of North America, unless otherwise mentioned.
V. albiflo'rum (white-flowered). White. May.
angustifo'lium (narrow-leaved). 2. Pale
yellow. May. 1776.
arbo'reum (tree). White, red. 1/65.
buxifo'lium (Box-leaved). 1. White. May.
Canade'nse (Canadian). 1. White, red.
CaracaSa'num(C&ra.ccas). 6. White. July.
Caraccas. 1825. Stove evergreen.
ccespito'sum (turfy). $. White. May. 1823.
corymbo'sum (corymbed). 7- White. May.
3. White. 1767.
fusca'tum (browned). 2. White,
pink. June. 1/70.
virga,' turn (twiggy). 3. White,
red. April. 1/67.
crassifo'lium (thick -leaved). 1. White.
dumo'sum (bushy). 3, White. May. 17/4.
[ 903 ]
V. dumo'sum hu'mile (humble). 2. White.
donga' turn (elongated). 2. White. July.
f rondo' sum (leafy). 3. White, green. May.
venu'stum (beautiful). 3. Pink.
gale'zans (Gale-leaved). 2. White. May.
gla'brum (smooth). 2. Pink. July. 1812.
grandiflo'rum (large-flowered). 2. White.
humifu'sum (trailing). $. White. 1827.
leuco'stomum (white-lipped). 2. Scarlet,
white. Peru. 1847. Greenhouse
ligustri'num (Privet- leaved").
meridiona'le (meridional). 2.
April. Jamaica. 17/8. Stove evergreen .
minutijio'rum (small-flowered). 2. White.
myrsini'tes (Myrsine-tearerf). l. Purple.
- lanceola'tum (spe&r-leavcd). 14.
(obtu'sum (blunt). 1$. Purple.
^-myrtifo'lium (Myrtle -leaved). 1. White.
myrti'll(>ides(Myrti\l\is-li'k.e). li. Pink. June.
myrti'llus (Myrtle. Bilberry], l. Pink.
ba'ccis - a' Ibis (white - berried).
Green. May. Britain.
ni'tidum (glossy). l. Pink. May. 1794.
decu'mbens (lying-down), f . Pink.
ova' (urn (egg- leaved). 2. Pink. May. 1826.
*- padifo' Hum (Bird-cherry-leaved). Palegreeu.
July. Madeira. 1777-
pa'llidum (pale). 2. White. May. 1774.
- Pennsylva'nicum (Pennsylvanian). l. White,
blue. June. 17/2.
resino'sum (resinous). 4. Purple, green.
lute'scens (yellowish). 2. Red-
dish yellow. June. 1804.
rube'scens (ruddy). 3. Yellow,
green. May. 1773.
stami'neum (/owg-stamened). 2. White.
a'lbuin (white -flowered). 2.
uligino'sum (bog. Bleaberry). 2. Flesh.
vi'tisidte'a (Cowberry). f. Pink. May.
VALEKIA'NA. Valerian. (Named after
Valerius, who first used it in medicine.
Nat. ord., Valerianworts [Valeriana-
cece]. Linn., 3-Triandria \-Monoftynia.}
Hardy herbaceous perennials. Division of
the root, in spring ; and seeds ; common gar-
den soil ; the tenderer sorts should have a dry
V. alliariafo'lia (Alliaria - leaved). 14. Red.
June. Caucasus. 1826.
V. anarifo'lia (Asarum-leaved). 1. Red. June.
Cape'nsis (Cape). . Red. June. Cape
of Good Hope. 1816.
Ce'ltica (Celtic). 1. White. June. Swit-
dioi'ca (dkecious). 1. Flesh. June. Britain.
elonga'ta (lengthened). . Yellow. June.
globular iarfo'lia (Globularia- leaved). Red.
interme'dia (intermediate). 1. White. June.
monta'na (mountain). 1. Light red. July.
na'pus (turnip-rooted). White. Mexico.
officina'lis (shop). 3. Flesh. June. Britain.
Phu' (Phu). 3. White. August. Germany.
Pyrena'ica (Pyrenean). 3. Pink. August.
saliu'nca (Lavender). l, Red. June.
sambucifo'lia (Elder-leaved). 3. White.
July. Germany. 1819.
saxa'tiiis (rock). &. White. July. Austria.
szs^mira/o7m(Sisymbrium-leaved). 1. Red.
June. South Europe. 1820.
supi'na (flat-lying). . White, red. July.
tri'pteris (three-winged). 1. White. May.
tubei-o'sa (tuberous-rooted). l. Light, red.
June. South Europe. 1629.
VALERIANE'LLA. Lamb's Lettuce. (A
diminutive of Valerian. Nat. ord.,
Valerianworts [Valerianaceee]. Linn.,
Hardy annuals. Seeds, in the open border,
in spring. See Corn-salad.
V. co nge'sta (crowded-lowered). 1. Red. July.
echina'ta (prickly-capsuled). 1. Pink. July*
South Europe. 1807.
olito'ria (salad). . Blue. April. Britain*
VALLA'KIS. (From vallo, to inclose ;
used for fences in Java. Nat. ord.,
Dogbanes [Apocynacefe]. Linn., 5-Pcn-
Stove evergreen twiner. Cuttings of short,
firm, stubby side-shoots, in sandy soil, under a
glass, in heat, in May ; sandy fibry loam, and
fibry peat. Winter temp., 55 to 60 ; summer,
60 to 85.
V.pergula'na (trellis). 10. White. East
VALLE'SIA. (Named after F. Val-
lesio, physician to Philip II. of Spain.
Nat. ord., Dogbanes [Apocynacece],
Linn., 5-Pentandria \-Monogynia.}
Stove, white-flowered, evergreens. Cuttings
of young shoots, getting firm, in sand, under a
bell-glass, in heat ; sandy loarn, and fibry peat;
Winter temp., 55to6o; summer, 60 to 85.
V. cymbifo'lia (boat-leaved). 4. June. Mexico.
dicho'toma (forked). 8. May. Peru. 1822.
VALLISNE'RIA. (Named after A. Val-
hsnen, an Italian botanist. Nat. ord.,
Hydrocharads [Hydrocharaceaej. Linn
A floating, fresh water perennial, whos
flowers live under water, except just at the tim
ot impregnation. Division; rich loam in
good-sized pot, plunged deep in a tub or cister
ot water. Winter temp., 45 to 50: summe
00 to 80.
V.spira'lis (spiral). Brown. July. Sout
VALLO'TA. (Named after P. Vallo
a French botanist. Nat. ord., AmarylUd
[Amaryllidaceee]. Linn., G-Hexandri
1-Monogynia. Allied to Cyrtanthus.)
With the exception of Dr. Herbert, no syste
matic botanist has pointed out the real affinit
of Vallota, A cross-seedling, by its pollen
has been obtained by Mr. Beaton, from Cyrtan
thus obliquus, which no one could distinguish
from a Vallota of the same age. It has not ye
flowered. Greenhouse, scarlet-flowered bulbs
trom the Cape of Good Hope. Offsets ; sandy
loam, and peat, and leaf-mould. Winter temp.
10 to 45, and dry ; summer, 60 to 75.
V. purpu'rea (purple). l. May. 1774.
' ma'jor (greater). May. 1774.
mi'nor (smaller). 1. May. 1774.
VA'NDA. (The Sanscrit name of the
first-found species. Nat. ord., Orchids
[Orchidacene]. Linn., 20-Gynandria 1-
Stove orchids grown in baskets .
V. Batema'nnii (Mr. Bateman's). 3. Crimson,
yellow. June. Moluccas. 1845.
ceeru'lea (light-blue). Sylhet.
crista'ta (crested). 1. Green, purple. April.
crue'nta (bloody). 2. Red. August. China.
Cumi'ngii (Cuming's). Brown, yellow. July.
fu'rva (dusky). Brown, white. December.
fu'sco-vi'ridis (brown-and-green). Brown,
greenish yellow. September.
insi'gnis (showy). 2. Crimson, brown, white.
February. Java. 1848.
lamella'ta( layered). Pale. August. Manilla.
Lo'wei (Lowe's). Yellow, brown. February.
peduncula'ris (long - flower - stalked). July.
purple. July. China. 1810.
White, purple. July. China. 1816.
uni'color (one - coloured). 6.
sua'vis (sweet - scented). White, brown.
Sept w bfcr, Java, 1847.
V. te'res (cylindric - leaved), 2. Red, yellow.
March. Silhet. 1828.
viola'cea (\w\rt-lipped). White, violet. May.
VANDE'LLIA. (Named after L. Van-
delli, a Portuguese botanist. Nat. ord.,
Fiijworts [Scrophulariaceffi]. Linn.,
l-Didynamia 2-Angiospermia. Allied
Tender annuals. Seeds, in a hotbed, in
spring ; plants pricked off, and bloomed chiefly
in the greenhouse, in light rich soil.
V. crusta'cea (shelly). Blue. June. India. 1816.
diffu'sa (spreading), l. White. July. Santa
hirsu'ta (hairy). Blue. June. India. 1823.
Roxbu'rghii (Roxburgh's). Purple. July.
VANGUE 'RIA. ( Voa-vanyuer, the name
of edulis in Madagascar. Nat. ord.,
Cinchonads [Cinchonaceae]. Linn., 5-
Pentandria 1-Monogynia.) Allied to
It produces a good dessert fruit. Stove ever-
green. Cuttings of half-ripened shoots, in sand,
under a bell-glass ; sandy peat and fibry loam.
Winter temp., 50 to 55; summer, 60 to 85.
V. cdu'lis (eatable). 10. White. Madagascar.
VANI'LLA. (A diminutive of vaina,
the Spanish for sheath ; shape of seed-
pod. Nat. ord., Orchids [Orchidacese].
Linn., 20-Gynandria 1-Monandria.)
Stove orchids, grown on blocks ; white-flow-
ered, where not otherwise specified. See Orchids.
The Vanilla of commerce is, or should be, the
dried fruit of V. planifoliu.
V. acutifo'lia (pointed-leaved). Caraccas. 1841.
Africa'na (African). Sierra Leone. 1843.
aroma'tica (aromatic). 10. July. S.Europe.
bi'color (two-coloured). Dull red. Guiana.
claviculu'ta(tenfaincd). Cuba. 1838.
planifo'liu (smooth-leaved). 10, May. W.
Pompo'na (Pompona). Mexico.
VAPOURER MOTH. Orgy'ia*
VARIEGATED LAUREL. Au'cuba.
VASCO'A. This genus is incorporated
vith Rafnia, and the following yellow-
lowered evergreens from the Cape of
Good Hope should be added to it.
R. amplexicau' Us (stem-clasping). 4. July.
perfolia'ta (leaf-stem-pierced). 4. July. 1812.
VEGETABLE MANURES. See Green
failures, Ashes, and Manures.
VEGETABLE MARROW. Cucu'rlita
VE'LLA. Cress Rocket. (From velar,
ie Celtic name of cress, ^at, ord.,
[ 905 ]
Crucifcrs [Brassicacese] . Linn., 15-
Half-hardy evergreen. Cuttings of young
shoots, in sand, under a hand-light, in a shady
place, in summer ; a dry, airy, warm situation,
such as in raised rockwork. North of London,
in exposed damp places, it will require a little
protection in winter.
K.josew'do-e/toMs(Bastard-Cytisus). 3. Yel-
low. April. Spain. 1759.
VELLE'JA. (Named after Major Vel-
ley, who studied sea-weeds. Nat. orcl.,
Goodeniads [Goodeniaceffi]. Linn., 5-
Pentandrla \-Monoyynia, Allied to
Greenhouse, yellow-flowered evergreens, from
New Holland. Division ; sandy loam and peat.
Winter temp., 35 to 45.
F. lanceola'ta (spe&r -leaved}. 1841.
lyra'ta (lyre-leaved). . April. 1819.
parado'xa (paradoxical). \. July, 1824.
spatula'ta (spatulate). . April. 1825.
VELLO'ZIA. (Named after a Spanish
botanist. Nat. ord., Blood-roots [Hse-
modoracete]. Linn., G-Sexandria 1-
Monogynia. Allied to Barbacenia.)
The Vellozias are perennial Lilies, from two
to ten feet high, having trunks as large as a