ken pots, and charcoal, elevated above
a pot, or in shallow open baskets ; cool
and dry in winter, a high temperature
and moist atmosphere when making their
growth. Summer temp., 60 to 90 ;
winter, 50 to 55.
C. abrtfptum (blunt-lipped). 1. Greenish yel-
low. September. Brazil. 1841.
atra'tum (dark-flowered). 1. Dark. July.
barba'tum (bearded), f . Green, purple.
May. Demerara. 1836.
immacula' turn (spotless). f,
Green pink. September. Demerara.
labe'llo-a'lba (white-lipped), f .
Greenish white. September. Deme-
- probosci'dewn (long - snouted).
Brownish green. May. Sertao. 1839.
callo' sum (hardened). 1. Brownish yel-
low. June. La Guayra. 1840.
grandijlo'rttm (large-flowered). 1.
Green, brown, purple. December.
ctfrnuum (drooping). 11. Pale green. Rio
C. dtrfnum (citron-coloured). Pale yellow.
corntftum (horned). Greenish purple.
March. Demerara. 1840.
crista'tum( crested). 2. Green. August.
deltoi'deum (tri&ngle-lipped) . 1. Green,
brown. March. Demerara. 1842.
fimbria' turn (fringed-lipped). Pink, red.
August. Brazil. 1837. There are
two kinds, Haynderii and Legrelli,
slightly differing in colour.
fuliffino'sum (sooty). Green, purple. Au-
gust. Mexico. 1839.
globiflo'rum (globe-flowered). 1. Olive,
brown. June. Mexico. 1840.
Hoo'keri (Hooker's). 2. Green, brown.
October. Brazil. 1818.
integef rrimum (entire - lipped) . Purple,
brown. June. Guatemala. 1839.
intermedia variega'ta. Black,
white, yellow. Brazil.
lamina' turn (plaited). Brown, purple.
April. Mexico. 1844.
ebu'rneum (ivory-lipped). White,
green. April. Mexico. 1839.
lanci'ferum (lance-bearing). Pure green.
March. Brazil. 1839.
longifcflium (long-leaved). 2. Orange,
violet. August. Demerara. 1837.
macula' turn integer rrimuni (spotted entire-
lipped) . 3. Green and purple spotted.
Mi'lleri (Dr. Miller's). 2. Purple spotted.
September. Brazil. 1837.
na'so (nose-like-lipped). White purple. Au-
gust. Mexico. 1843.
ochra'ce-um (reddish yellow). Yellow. Bra-
plafniceps (flat-headed). 1. Green, and
yellow. Spanish Main. 1810.
probosci' deum (long-snouted). Brightish
green. Demerara. 1839.
pu'rum (spotless). 1. Green. October.
ro'seo-a'lbum (rose and white flowered}. 2.
White red. April. Para. 1836.
Russellia'num (Duke of Bedford's). 3.
Green. July. Guatimala. 1838.
sacca'tum (pouched). Yellow, purple.
March. Demerara. 1840.
semiapc'rtitm (half-open). 1. Yellow. No-
vember. Brazil. 1826.
serra'tum (suv-ctlged-lipped). Green yel-
low. September. Panama. 1844.
tabula' re (tajble-fonned-%ped). Pale green.
tridenta' turn (three-toothed). 2. Yellow
brown. April. Trinidad. 1822. This
sports into the sixjfollowing, and even
sum (spiny lipped}. 1.
atropurpu'rcum (dark purple
floivered}. 2. Dark purple. August.
au'reum (golden flowered}. 2.
Yellow. August. Demerara.
Claceri'ngi (Capt. Covering's).
2. Yellow brown. August. Brazil.
- floribu! 'ndum (bundle flower-
ed). 2. Yellow brown. November.
C. tridentatum macroca'rpum (large fruited).
2. Yellow, purple. August. Brazil.
viridiflo' rum (green-flowered).
2. Green. May. Demerara.
tri'fidum (three-cleft-lipped). 2. Green.
tntlla (trowel-lipped). Green, brown. Sep-
tember. South America. 1840.
viridifla'vum (greenish yellow). 1. Yellow
green. June. South America. 1841.
Waile'sii (Wailes's). 1. Green. September.
CA'TECHU. Acacia ca'techu,
CA'TERPILLAR. This is the young of
either the butterfly or the moth, in its
first state after emerging from the egg.
There are many kinds, and the best
mode of preventing their invasions is to
destroy every butterfly, moth, chrysalis,
and egg that can be found. Hand-pick-
ing, dusting with lime or soot, and other
modes of destroying the caterpillar are
mentioned when noticing the plants
they attack, but we may here observe
that the powder of White Hellebore is
by far the most effectual for dusting over
this marauder. Sparrows and other
small birds in early spring should not be
scared from the garden, for they destroy
myriads of caterpillars ; at that season
they can do no harm if the gardener
properly guards his seed -beds. Boys
paid a halfpenny per dozen for leaves
having eggs or smaller caterpillars upon
them, have been found to keep a garden
free for a whole season for about seven
CATESB-*;'A. Lily Thorn. (Named
after M. Catesby, author of a natural his-
tory of Carolina. Nat. ord., Cinchmads
[Cinchonaceffi]. Linn., 4- Tctrandria. 1-
monogynia. Allied to Gardenia). Stove
evergreens. Cuttings in sand, under a
tlass in heat in April. Sandy loam and
bry peat. Summer temp., 60 to 80 ;
winter, 55 to 60.
C. latiftflia (broad-leaved). 5. Yellow. June.
West Indies. 1823.
Lindenia'na (Linden's). 2. July.
parviflo'ra (small - flowered), 2. White.
June. Jamaica. 1810.
spino'sa (thorned). 12. Yellow. June.
Isle of Providence. 1726.
CA'THA. "We have united this genus
CATHARA'NTHUS. See Vi'nea.
CAT-THYME. Tcucrium ma'rum.
CA'TTEBIDGE TREE. Euo'nymus euro-
CA'TTLEYA. (Named after Mr. Cattley,
a distinguished patron of botany. Nat.
ord., Orchids [Orchidaceoe]. Linn., 20-
Gynandria, 1-inonandria). Stove Orchids,
Divisions. Moss, peat and broken pots.
either in shallow baskets, or raised
above the surface of the pot. Summer
temp., 60 to 90 ; winter, 60.
C. Acla'ndia} (Lady Acland's). j. Purple
brown. July. Brazil. 1839.
Arembe'rgii (Count Aremberg's). lilac.
July. Brazil. 1842.
bi'color (two-coloured). 1. Olive green.
September. Brazil. 1837. There is
a variety with a white margined
bulborsa (bulbed). . Rose purple. April.
ca'ndida (white -flowered). White pink.
citri'na (citron flowered). Citron. April.
cri'spa (curled flowered). 1. White purple.
September. Brazil. 1826.
cri'spa viola' cea (violet coloured). Deep
violet and white. Guiana. 1850.
Dominge'nsis (St. Domingo). April. St.
ela'tior (taller). 1. Green spotted. Brazil.
Forte" sii (Forbes's). f. White yellow.
June. Brazil. 1823.
granulo'sa (granulated-/ip.ped). 1. Whitish
green. May. Guatimala. 1841.
Rmscflia'na (Duke of Bedford's) .
1. Green, white, orange. May. Mexico.
guttafta (spotted-flowered). 1. Green, red.
April. Brazil. 1827.
ela'tior (taller). April. Brazil. 1827.
Russcllla'na (Lord C. Russell's).
Green, red. August. Brazil. 1838.
Harriso'nive (Mrs. Harrison's). 1. Rose
yellow. April. Brazil. There is a
variety of a violet colour.
intermedia (intermediate sized). 1. Rose
white. April. Brazil. 1824.
angustifo'lia (narrow leaved). 1.
Light purple. September. Brazil.
pa'llida (pale red-flowered). 1.
Light red. June. Brazil. 1833.
purpu'rca (purple blotched).
varicga'ta (variegated-^;/>ed). 1.
White red. May. Brazil. 1843.
-labia'ta(ruby lipped). 1. Crimson lilac.
May. Brazil. 1818. It appears as if
this species is identical with C. Mos-
__, atropvrpu'rea (dark purple).
Lilac purple. November. La Guayra.
C. labia'ta atrosangui' nea (dark crimson).
1. Dark red. July, South America.
pi' eta (painted).
Lemonicfna (Sir C. Lemon's). |. Rose
yellow. August. Brazil. 1842.
loba'ta (lobed petaled and lipped). Purple
violet and crimson veins. Brazil.
Loddige'sii (Loddiges's). 1. Rose lilac.
August. Brazil. 1815.
margina'ta (bordered). . Pink crimson.
November. Brazil. 1843.
mari'tima (sea-side). Lilac, white. Buenos
mtfzima (largest). 1^. Dark pink. May.
Mo'ssice (Mrs. Moss's). 1. Crimson, lilac.
July. La Guayra. 1836.
a'lba (white). Wbite and purple.
odorati' sslma (sweetest). Purple. Deme-
Perri'nii (Perrin's). 1. Purple. Brazil.
Pinellia'na (Knell's). Doubtful whether
this and pumila are not identical with.
pu'mila (dwarf). 1. Purple. July. South
Skinne'ri (Skinner's). 1. Rosy purple.
August. Guatimala. 1836.
a'tro-ro'sea (dark rose). 1J. Dark
rose. May. Guatimala. 1836.
sup&rba (superb). 1.
Purple. May. Guiana.
Walkeriaina (Walker's). Lilac crimson.
May. Brazil. 1844.
CAULIFLOWER. Bra ssica olera cea eau-
Varieties. There are many to be found
in local catalogues ; but they are only
different names for the following : Early
Cauliflower; Late Cauliflower; Large Asia-
tic; and Walcheren. The last named is
included also among the Brocolis ; for it
unites these to the Cauliflowers, partak-
ing of the character of each.
Sowing. There are three seasons for
sowing this vegetable.
First Sowing. For the first main crop,
a sowing should be made in the third
week, or about the 24th of August, to
raise plants for winter protection, to form
the first principal and main crops of the
following year. Should the weather be
very dry at the time of sowing, the soil
should be thoroughly well watered before
the seed be sown, and so continued to
encourage the growth of the seedlings ;
as soon as these are up, large enough to
handle, beds should be formed in an open
situation, well broken up, made rich,
lined out neatly, and, if the weather is
dry, well watered before planting as
well as afterwards. The best time for
pricking out young plants of any kind in
dry weather, is late in the afternoon or
in the evening. By this attention,
strong healthy plants will be ready for
either finally planting out under hand-
glasses, about the middle of October, or
for protection in frames or at the foot of
walls. These protected plants are to
form a second crop to those which were
planted out under the hand-glasses, and
may be finally planted out toward the
end of February, if the weather is fa-
vourable, two feet and a half asunder
each way ; and should severe weather
set in again, flower-pots just large
enough to cover the plant may be turned
over each, but taken off in all favourable
weather. Care should always be taken
to lift up the plants out of the nursery-
beds, so as to ensure uninjured roots.
Should the weather be very severe in
the winter, the hand-glass crop must
have a little protection more than that of
the hand-light itself. But particular at-
tention should be paid to airing at all
times when the weather will permit, by
either taking the lights entirely off, or
If, through some mismanagement or
misfortune, the winter stock should be-
come short, a sowing towards the end of
January becomes of importance. A very
little seed must then be sown in a pan or
box, placed in some moderate heated
structure, or in a gentle hotbed made up
for the purpose ; and when the seedlings
are up, and large enough to handle, they
should be pricked out on other very
gentle hotbeds, care being taken to keep
the plants up close to the glass, and in-
ured to the open air. Plants raised in
this way will be nearly as forward as
those sown in August, and protected in
cold frames through the winter.
The second Solving should be at the
end of February or beginning of March,
and then either in a cold frame, or warm
open border, or if the weather be very
unfavourable, a sowing may be made on
a very gentle hotbed even at this time,
attention to pricking-out, &c., given as
before directed. From this sowing a
third planting is made.
The third Sowing should be made about
the last week in April, or first week in
May, and the seedlings attended to as
before, as to pricking-out, &c. From
this sowing a fourth planting is made.
Fitness for Use. When a cauliflower
has arrived at its full size, which is
shown by the border opening as if it was
about to run, pull up the plant, as it
never produces any useful sprouts, and
if hung up thus entire in a cool place, it
be may preserved for several days. The
best time to cut a cauliflower, is early of a
morning before the dew is evaporated ;
if it is done during the meridian or after-
noon of a hot day, it loses much of its
firmness, and boils tough.
To preserve from Frost. As frost de-
stroys the cauliflower, it is a practice in
November, before it sets in, to pull up
the late standing plants, and the leaves
being tied over the head, to hang each
up in a coal-shed or cellar, by which
means they remain good for some time.
But a better mode is to bury them in
sand, laying them in alternate layers with
the earth, in a dry situation by this
means they may be preserved to the
close of January or they may be put in
a trench dug at the bottom of a wall,
eighteen inches wide and deep, the plants
being laid with their roots uppermost in
an inclining position, so that the roots of
the second covered the top of the one
preceding. The earth to be laid over
them thick, a considerable slope given to
it, and beaten smooth with the spade to
throw off rain.
Saving Seed. Some should be from
the first planted out of the hand-glass
crop. The best with well formed heads
should be selected for this purpose, and
marked for seed, by placing a strong
stake to each for the future tying of
the flowering stems up to. Gather each
branch of seed as it ripens.
Diseases and Insects. See CABBAGE
CAULOPHY'LLTJM. (From Jcaulon, a
stem, aivlphyllon, a leaf ; in reference to
the stems ending as if it were in a leaf-
stalk. Nat. ord.,.zW#mVfe[Berberidaceae].
luirni^Q-Hexandria, \-monogynia). Hardy
tuberous perennial; division of the roots ;
light sandy peat.
C. thalictroi'des (Thalictrum-like) . 1. Yellow
green. North America. 1755.
CEANO'THUS. (From keanothm, a name
applied by Theophrastus to a plant now
not known. Nat. ord., Rhanmads [Rham-
nacea?]. -Linn., o-Pentandria, 1-mono-
gynia). Cuttings in sand, under a glass,
of firm side-shoots answer best, either in
April or August. The greenhouse varie-
ties do well against a south wall, but
may require a little protection in severe
weather. Those from tropical regions
require the usual treatment of the stove,
or a warm conservatory. They are not
particular as to soil ; a little peat mixed
with loam will be an advantage.
HARDY DECIDUOUS. "
C. america'mis (American). 2. White. July.
North America. 1713.
colli'nus (hill). 1. Light. July. North
America. 1827. Evergreen.
cweaftus (wedge-shaped). 4. California.
denta'tm (toothed). 3. Blue. California.
divarica'tus (straggling). 4. Blue. June.
intermc'dius (intermediate). 2. White.
June. North America. 1812.
microphyTUw (small-leaved). 2. White.
June. North America. 1806.
nepalc'nsis (Nepaul). 10. Yellow. Nepaul.
ova' tus (egg-shaped leaved). 3. White.
July. North America. 1818.
Pale blue. July.
pa'llidus (pale). 10.
papilla' svs (pimpled). 8. Blue. California.
pereTnnis (perennial). 2. White; August.
ri'gidus (stiff). 4. Blue. California.
sangufncus (crimson-stalked). 2. White.
June. Missouri. 1812.
tardiflo'rus (late flowering). 3. White.
September. North America. 1820.
C. africa'mis (African). Pale yellow. March.
Cape of Good Hope. 1712.
azu'reus (blue). 10. Pale blue. April.
__ fto're-a'lbo (white-flowered). 10.
buxifo'lim (box-leaved). White. April.
captnsi* (Cape). 3. White. June. Cape
of Good Hope. 1823.
C. infefstus (troublesome). 4. Mexico. 1824.
leeviaa'tus (smooth-tea^). 4. Green yel-
low. West Indies. 1818.
macroca'rpus (large-fruited). 3. Yellow.
July. New Spain. 1824.
mocinia'nits (Mocino's). 5. Mexico. 1824.
mystaci'mis (bearded). 13. White green.
November. Africa. 1775.
C. sph(sroca'rpus (round-fruited) . 15. Green
yellow. Jamaica. 1824.
zeyla'nicus (Ceylon). 3. White. Ceylon.
CECRO'PIA. Snake wood. (A classical
name after Cecrops, first king of Athens,
who built that city, and called it Cecropia.
Nat. ord., Atrocarpads [Atrocarpacete].
Linn., 22-Dicecia, 2- Diandria). All the
Atrocarpads abound in milky juice, by
which they are easily distinguished from
the Nettleworts with which they are
allied. From many of the genera, and
from C. peltata, caoutchouc, or India
rubber, is obtained. Stove evergreen
trees ; cuttings of ripened shoots, placed
in sandy peat, under a bell-glass, and
in a moist bottom heat in April ; peat
and loam in a rough state, with a little
sand. Summer temp., 60 to 85 ; win-
ter, 48 to 55.
C. co'ncolor (self-coloured). 20. Brazil.
palma'ta (hanH-leaved) . 20. Brazil. 1820.
pelta'ta (shield-leaved). 30. Jamaica. 1778.
CEDRONE'LLA. (A diminutive of Jced-
ron, the cedar; referring to the fragrant
resinous scent. Nat.ord.,Zafo'fcsorZeJ9-
ivorts [Lamiaceae]. Linn., \-Didynamia,
1 - Gymnospermia. Allied to Dracocepha-
lum). It is worthy of remark that the
Lipworts are all destitute of any delete-
rious qualities, and that most of them are
fragrant and aromatic as the lavender,
salvia, rosemary, mint, balm and hyssop,
&c. Greenhouse plants. Divisions of
the roots of the herbaceous species; cut-
tings of the evergreen; sandy loam and
a little peat. Winter temp., 38 to 40.
C. corda'ta (heart-shaped-teatferf). 1. Purple.
July. North America. 1824.
mexica'na (Mexican). 2. Purple. Mexico.
pa'llida (pale-flowered). 1. Hose. Sep-
tember. Mexico. 1844.
triphy'lla (three-leaved). Pale purple. July.
Canaries. 1697. This is a greenhouse
evergreen shrub, but all the others are
CE'DRUS. The Cedar. (From the
Arabic kedron or kedree, power ; in re-
ference to its majestic appearance, but
some have supposed from cedron, a brook
in Judca. Nat. ord., Conifers [Pinacecel
Linn . , 2 1 - Moncecia, 10- Man adelphia) .
Hardy evergreen trees. Seeds, saved in
the cones, extracted by steeping the
cones in water and boring a hole down
their centre so as to split them, and sow-
ing in sandy soil in March ; also by cut-
tings, under a hand light; and the deodar a
by inarching and grafting on the corn-
con Cedar, and on the Larch, but it is
doubtful if the latter will answer as a
stock ; deep sandy soil.
C.qfrica'nm (African. Mount Atlas Cedar}.
May. Mount Atlas. 1843.
deoda'ra (Deodara). 120. Nepaul. 1822.
There are other varieties of this
crassifo'lia (thick - leaved) ; tenuifo'lia
(thin-leaved) ; and vi'ridis (green).
C.Le'bani (Cedar of Lebanon). Levant. 1683.
fo'liis arge'nteis (silvery-leaved).
There are other varieties of this spe-
cies, as glau'ca (milky -green) ; interme-
dia (intermediate) ; pe'ndula (pendu-
\Q\\s-branched} ; pyramida'lis (pyramid-
shaped) ; and pyramida'lis arge'nteis
CE'LANDINE. Chelido'nium and Bocco-
n ia frute'scens.
CELA'STRUS. Staff Tree. (From
kelas, the latter season , referring to the
fruit hanging on the trees all winter.
Kat. ord., Spindle trees [Caelastraceoe].
Linn., 5-Pentandria, \-Monogynia). Cut-
tings of the half-ripened shoots, in sand,
under a glass; peat and very sandy fibry
loam. The stove and greenhouse spe-
cies require the treatment common to
each department. The hardy species
may be propagated by layers in autumn,
and scandens by seeds ; bullatus seldom
ripens its seeds; deep loamy soil for
those hardy climbers.
HARDY DECIDUOUS CLIMBERS.
C. luHa'tiia (blistered). 20. White. July.
sca'ndcns (climbing). 15. Yellow. May.
North America. 1736.
STOVE EVERGREEN SHRUBS.
C. mcxica'nus (Mexican). 7. Mexico. 1824.
multijlo'rtis (many-flowered). 4. White.
May. South Europe. 1816.
myrtifaflius (Myrtle-leaved). 20. White.
May. Jamaica. 1810.
nit tans (nodding). 5. White. East In-
dies. 1810. Climber.
panicula'tus (panicled). 3. Greenish. May.
East Indies. 1841.
quadrangular ris (square-stalked) . 10. White.
trtgymts (three-styled). 5. May. Isle of
GREENHOUSE EVERGREEN SHRUBS.
C. buxifo'lius (box-leaved). 4. White. May.
Cape of Good Hope. 1 7 52.
0. cassinoi'des (Cassine-like). 4. White. Au-
gust. Canaries. 1779.
cdrnuus (drooping). 5. White. May.
Cape of Good Hope. 1817.
cymo'sus (Cymose). 3. White. July. Cape
of Good Hope. 1815.
emaraina'tus (notch-leaved). 8. Yellow-
ish. Cape of Good Hope. 1820.
flexuo'sus (zig-zag). 6. White. May. Cape
of Good Hope. 1826.
ilici'nus(Uo\.\\~leaced). 3. White. Cape
of Good Hope. 1817.
lauri'nus (Laurel-like). 3. White. June.
Cape of Good Hope. 1818.
linea'ris (narrow-leaved). 4. White. May.
Cape of Good Hope. 1818.
lutcidm (shining). 2. White. May. Cape
of Good Hope. 1722.
lycioi'des (Box-thorn-like). White. August.
macroca'rpus (large-fruited). White. Peru.
oleoi'des (Olive-like). 3. White. May.
Cape of Good Hope. 1824.
pteroca'rpus (wing-fruited). 3. White.
July. Cape of Good Hope. 1824.
puncta'tus (AoUed-branchcd). Greenish. Ja-
pan. 1817. Climber.
pyraca'nthus (fire-spined). 2. White. May.
Cape of Good Hope. 1742.
reMsus (blunt). 6. Yellow. Peru. 1824.
ri'gidus (stiff). 3. Yellow. May. Cape
of Good Hope. 1818.
rostra' tus (beaked). White. May. Cape
of Good Hope. 1821.
tetrago'nus (four-angled). 6. White. Cape
of Good Hope. 1810.
trlcuspida'tus (three-pointed). 6. White.
May. Cape of Good Hope. 1818.
undo,' tus (waved). 4. White. May. Cape
of Good Hope. 1826.
CELERI'AC, or TURNIP-ROOTED CEL-
ERY (A'pium grave olens rapaceum}. Of
this variety of Celery there is said to
be a hardier kind cultivated by the Ger-
mans, called by them Knott-celery .
Sowing. It may be sown in March,
April, and May, to afford suceessional
plantations in June, July, and August.
Sow in drills six inches apart, and keep
regularly watered every evening in dry
weather. The bed must be kept free
from weeds, and when about three inches
high, the plants may be pricked out into
another border in rows three inches apart
each way; giving water abundantly and
frequently: by adopting the precautions
mentioned in the cultivation of celery,
the same seed bed will afford two or three
distinct prickings. In the neighbourhood
of Dresden, where this vegetable is grown
in great perfection, they sow in Feb-
ruary or March, in a hotbed under glass,
and the plants are removed in April,
when two or three inches high, to another
hotbed, and set an inch and a half apart.
The fineness of the plants is there attri-
buted to the abundance of water with
which they are supplied.
When five or six inches high, they are
fit for final planting in rows two feet
asunder, and the plants eight inches
apart, on the level ground, or in drills
drawn with the hoe three inches deep, as
they only require earthing up a few
inches with the hoe. In dry weather
they should be watered plentifully, at
least every other evening. Keep them
free from weeds. They require a light
Sowing Seed. The directions given
for saving the seed of Celery, is in every
respect applicable to this vegetable.
CELERY. (A'pium grave okns}.
Varieties. There are the gigantic,
dwarf curled, common upright red stalked,
upright giant, hollow upright, and the
solid stalked (red and white}. The red
chiefly for soups, the white being much
more delicate in flavour ; violet, solid ;
very superior, blanches white; Turc,
solid, white, for autumn ; Cole's superb,
red and white ; and Nutfs champion ;
the last named being the best we have
Sowing. The first sowing maybe made
about the middle or toward the end of Feb-
ruary, sowing a very little seed in a pan or
box placed in any heated structure, and
having a gentle hotbed made up ready to
receive the young plants as soon as they
are fit to prick out. The soil cannot be
too rich for them ; and if pricked out in
gentle hotbeds under glass, which is
best, the young crop should be kept "up
within two or three inches of the glass,
and attention paid to frequent watering,
earth stirring, and airing, in favourable
The sowing for a main crop should be
made about the first week in March ; and
although it may be sown in a rich warm
border, yet it is better to make a gentle