North America. 1812.
C. cauda'ta (tailed). 4. Brown. June. New
fr a' grans (fragrant) f . Brown. August.
hi'rta (hairy). . Brown. June. Cape of
Good Hope. 1806.
macrophiflla (large-leaved). 1. Brown.
August. "West Indies.
pterofdes (Pteris-like). . Brown. July.
Cape of Good Hope. 1J75.
suave? olens (sweet-scented). Brown. Au-
gust. Madeira. 1778.
C. crenula'ta (scolloped). 1. Brown. 1824.
cunea'ta (wedge-leaved^. 1. Brown. 1831.
Iticsonioi'des (Dicksonia-like). 4. Brown.
farino'sa (mealy). Brown, yellow. Isle of
femtgi'nca (rusty). . Brown. June. 1816.
lendi'gera (maggot-bearing). |. Brown.
June. New Spain
micro' mcra (parted-small). Mexico.
micro' pteris (small - winged). 4. Brown.
profu'sa (dangling). . Brown. September.
refpens (creeping). 1. Brown. July. West
ru'fa (reddish-brown). ^. Reddish hrown.
rufefseens (brownish red). . Brown. Sep-
sinuo'sa (wavy-edged). 1. Brown. Au-
gust. West Indies.
specta'UUs (showy). H, Brown. Sep-
tember. Brazil. 1829.
tenuifo'lia (slender-leaved). Brown. Sep.
visco-sa (clammy). Brown. Mexico. 1841.
CHEIMATO'BIA BRITMA'TA. Winter
Moth. This is the cause of more de-
struction to our fruit and other trees
MALE AND FEMALE.
than almost any other insect; for no
weather is sufficiently severe to injure
either them or their eggs ; and the cater-
pillars, in the early spring, will feed
upon the opening buds and leaves of al-
most every kind of tree. The females
being without wings, may be prevented
ascending our standard fniit-trees by
smearing round their trunks a band of
tar, but this must be renewed, as it
dries, every two or three days. The
male moths begin to fly about just after
sunset during November and until the
end of January. Their upper wings,
when opened, measure across about one
inch and a quarter ; but during the day
they look much smaller, for they fold
them so as to form a triangle, and have
their feelers or horns (antcnnse) turned
back over them. Those wings are pale
grey, marked with various darker waved
lines. The under wings are greyish-
white, often having a notched line cross-
ing their centre. The body, delicate
and tapering, is yellowish grey. The
female crawls to the top of a tree, and
deposits her very small oval eggs upon
the blossom and leaf buds, as well as
upon the shoots. She will lay from 200
to 300 eggs. The caterpillars and the
buds come to life together ; at first they
are grey, and scarcely thicker than a
horsehair, but they cast their skins, and
finally become the green-looper, of a
yellowish green colour, shining, and
with a blue line down the back. On
their sides are two yellowish white
lines. The apple buds are their favourite
food ; but they destroy without difficulty
the leaves of the hawthorn, lime, hazel,
rose, elm, willow, and hornbeam. The
Cottage Gardener, i. 53. The caterpillar
[ 233 ] CHE
descends into the earth and becomes a
chrysalis about the end of May.
CHEIRA'NTHUS. "Wallflower. (From
cheir, the hand, and anthos, a flower ; in
reference to the custom of carrying the
wallflower in the hand for a nosegay.
Nat. ord., Crucifers [Brassicacese]. Linn.,
lo-Tetradynamia). Half-hardy ever-
green under- shrubs, except where other-
wise specified. Seeds and cuttings
under a hand-light, in May or June, of
particular varieties, and double flower-
ing especially. Most of the finer kinds
will like the protection of a pit in win-
ter, and may be employed for early
blooming in the greenhouse. "When
left out of doors, a protection of a few
evergreen boughs should be given them ;
herbaceous kinds by division. A light
rich sandy soil suits them best ; but
even the tenderer species survive the
winter on rock- work.
C. alpi'nus (Alpine). . Yellow. May. South
arbo'retts (tree). 3. Yellow. May. Egypt.
capita' tus (rormd-h.ea.ded}. Yellow. June.
Columbia. 1826. Hardy herbaceous
Chei'ri (Cheiri. Common Wallflower}. 2.
Orange. May. South Europe. 1573.
ferrugi'neus (rusty -flowered}. 2.
Brown. May. South Europe. 1573.
flave'scens (yellowish). 2. Yellow.
May. South Europe. 1573.
flo're-ple'no (double -flowered). 2.
grandiflo'rus (large - flowered). 2.
Yellow. May. South Europe. 1573.
hcema'nthus (double - bloody - flower-
ed). 2. Crimson. May. South Eu-
bloody). 2. Crimson. June. South
ma'ximus (largest). 2. Yellow. May.
South Europe. 1573.
pa'tulus (do6/e-spreading). 2. Yel-
low. May. South Europe. 1573.
purpu'reus (purple -flowered}. 2.
Purple. June. South Europe.
purpu'reus-variega' tus (variegated-
purple). 2. Purple. June. South
sangui'neus (bloody). 2. Dark brown.
serra'tus (s&vr-edged-floivcred}. 2.
Yellow. May. South Europe. 1573.
thyrsoi'des (thyrse -flowered). 2.
Blood. May. South Europe. 1573.
va'rius (various-coloured} . 2. Va-
riegated. May. South Europe. 1573.
fl'rmus (firm). 1. Yellow. June. Europe.
fruticulo' sus (small-shrubby) . 1$. Yellow.
May. Britain. Hardy herbaceous pe-
C. linifo'lius (Flax-leaved). 2. Purple. April.
muta'Ulis (changeable). 3. Yellow, purple.
April. Madeira. 1777.
longifo'lius (long - leaved). 3.
White, purple. September. Madeira.
ochroleiC cus (pale -yellow), f. Pale yel-
low. April. Switzerland. 1822.
Hardy herbaceous perennial.
scopa'rius (Broom). 3. "White, purple.
June. Teneriffe. 1812.
cerugino'sus (rusty). 3. Rusty.
June. Teneriffe. 1812.
chamctflco (Chameleon). 3. Yellow,
purple. June. Teneriffe. 1812.
semper flo'rens (ever-blooming). 2. White.
frute'scens (shrubby) . 2. White.
May. Teneriffe. 1815.
tenuifo'lius (slender-leaved). 2. Yellow.
June. Madeira. 1777.
CHEIROSTE'MON. Hand plant. (From
cheir, the hand, and stemon, a stamen ; in
reference to the formation of the stamens
and style : they issue in a central co-
lumn, bearing five curved anthers and a
curved style in the middle, having much
resemblance to a hand with long claws.
Nat. ord., Sterculiads [Sterculiaceael.
Linn., 16 - Monadelphia, 6 - decandria}.
Stove tree. Cuttings of rather firm
shoots, in sandy peat, under a glass,
and in bottom heat. Sandy loam and
fibry peat. Summer temp., 60 to 80;
winter, 48 to 55;
C. platanoi'des (Plane -tree -like). 30. New
CHELIDO'NIUM. Celandine. (From
chelidon, a swallow ; alluding to the
flowers opening on the arrival of that
bird, and to the plant drying up on its
departure. Nat. ord., Poppyworts [Pa-
paveracesej. Linn., 13- Polyandries, \-mo-
nogynia). The yellow juice of the com-
mon Celandine (C. majus) is said to be a
violent acrid poison and a popular re-
medy for warts. Hardy herbaceous pe-
rennials. Division. Common garden
C. grandiflo'rum (large-flowered). 2. Yellow.
May. Dahuria. 1820.
laclnia'tum (jagged- leaved}. 2. Yellow.
May. South Europe.
majus flo're-ple'no (large double-flowered).
2. Yellow. September. Gardens.
CHELO'NE. (From chekne, a tortoise,
the back of the helmet of the flower be-
ing fancifully compared to a tortoise.
Nat. ord., Figworts [Scrophulariaceae].
Linn., 11 - Didynamia, 2 - angiospermia.
Allied to Pentstemon). Hardy herbaceous
perennials, except where otherwise speci-
fied. Division of the roots and cuttings
of the young shoots, under a hand-glass,
in April or May ; also by seeds. Sandy
loam, and if a little peat and leaf mould
all the better.
C.barba'ta (bearded). 3. Scarlet. July.
ca'rnea (flesh.- coloured- flowered}*
3. Flesh. July. Mexico.
ma'jor (larger). 4. Orange-striped.
ccntranthifo'lia (Centranthus - leaved). 7.
Scarlet. September. California. 1834.
gentianoi' dcs (Gentian-like). 3. Orange,
scarlet. July. Mexico. 1835.
ffla'bra (smooth). 4. White. August. North
Lyo'ni (Lyon's). 4. Purple. August. North
Mexico,' na (Mexican). Scarlet. June. Mexico.
nemoro'sa (grove). 1. Purple. August.
North America. 1827.
obli'qua (twisted). 4. Purple. August.
North America. 1752.
specio'sa (showy). 4. Pale red. August.
CHENOLE'A. (From cken, a goose, and
'Zeia, prey ; in reference to the plant be-
ing eaten by those birds. Nat. ord.,
Chcnopods [Chenopodiaceae], Linn., 5-
Pentandria, \-monogynia}. Greenhouse
evergreen. Cuttings of half-ripe shoots
under a glass, in sandy loam. Summer
temp., 55" to 80 ; winter, 35 to 45.
C. diffu'sa (spreading). 1. Green. August.
Cape of Good Hope. 1758.
CHE'RMES. See Psy'lla.
CHERRY. See Cerasus.
CHERRY PEPPER. Capsicum cerasi-
CHERRY LAUREL. The common Laurel,
Cerasus lauro-ce rasus.
CHERVIL. Parsley-leaved. Charo-
phyttum sativum. Fern-leaved chervil,
or Sweet Cicely, C. aromaticum, for soups,
salads, &c. They are not often found in
Soil and Situation. The soil for these
plants must be unshaded, light, with a
large portion of calcareous matter, and
Sowing. A principal sowing should
be made in August, and from this sowing
seed should be saved the following sea-
son. To continue the supply during the
summer months a spring sowing should
be made at the end of February, and at
the end of every three or four weeks to
the middle of July. Sow in drills eight
inches apart, a quarter of an inch deep ;
and thin the seedlings out to six inches
apart in the rows.
CHESTNUT. See Casta'nea.
CHICKASAW PLUM. Cerasus chi'casa.
CHICKEN GRAPE. Vftis cordifo'lia.
CHICKLING VETCH. La'thyrus sati'-
CHICK PEA. Cicer arieti'num.
CHICORY. Succory, or wild Endive
(Cicho'rium inty'bus). Cultivated for use
in salads, and for its roots to roast for use
Soil and Situation. Like endive, for
the main crops it requires a rich light
soil, and for the earlier sowings a moister
one, in every instance having an open
situation allotted to it.
Sowing must be annually; for, al-
though it is a perennial, yet, after
being cut from two or three times, the
leaves become bitter and worthless.
Sow from the beginning of March, and
at intervals to the end of June, or early
in July. Sow moderately thick, in the
same manner as endive, the directions
for cultivating which are equally appli-
cable in every other particular.
Cultivation. When the plants begin
to cover the ground, thin to nine inches
apart ; and those removed plant out at
similar distances. If the leaves grow
very luxuriant, and shade the roots
much, they must be cut off within an
inch of the ground. Those grown from
sowings antecedent to June, when of
nearly full growth, which they arrive at
in about four months from the insertion
of the seed, must have all their leaves
trimmed away, so as not to injure their
hearts, and then covered over thick with
sand, ashes, or long litter. By this
treatment, those fresh leaves which are
produced are blanched and crisp, losing
their bitterness. Those from the sow-
ings of June and July, must, at the end
of September, or early in October, be
raised, and planted very close, by the
dibble, in pots or boxes, having their
leaves trimmed as before directed, and
their roots shortened previous to plant-
ing. "Water must be given moderately
in dry weather, until they are estab-
lished, and shelter, if frosts occur, by a
light covering of litter. When well
rooted, they may be removed into the
cellar, or other place, where the light
can be completely excluded from them,
to blanch for use as wanted, which
change will be effected in six or seven
days. Succory will bear a temperature
of 60, but thrives better in a rather
If the roots are vigorous, they will
bear cutting two or three times, after
which they are unproductive.
To, obtain Seed, a few plants must be
left in the open ground of the June sow-
ing ; they bear the severity of winter
without protection, and shoot up in the
spring, running to seed about May.
CHILI PEPPER. Capsicum,
CHILO'DIA, (Fram chilos, a lip, and
odous, a tooth ; the lip of the flower being
toothed. Nat. ord., Labiates [Lamiacesej.
Linn., \-Didynamia, \-gymiwspermia.
Allied to Prostranthera). Greenhouse
evergreen shrub ; cuttings of young-
shoots set firm in sand, under a bell-
glass ; peat and loam. Summer temp.,
55 to 75 ; winter, 40 to 45.
C. austra'lis (southern). 3. Violet. July.
scutellarioi'des (Scutellaria-like). 2. Violet.
New South Wales. 1828.
CHILO'PSIS. (From cheiks, a lip, and
opsis, like ; referring to the irregular
lobes of the corolla. Nat, ord, Bignoni-
ads [Bignoniacese]. Linn., li-Didyna-
mia, 1-angiospermia. Allied to Catalpa).
Greenhouse evergreen shrub ; cuttings of
half-ripened shoots in sand under a bell-
glass, in bottom heat ; peat and fibry
loam. Summer temp., 60 to 90 ; win-
ter, 48 to 55.
C. linea'ris (narrow-leaved}. Rose. May.
CHIMA'PHILA. (From cheima, winter,
and phileo, to love ; these little plants
being green all winter. Nat. ord., Win-
tergreens [Pyrolacese], Linn., IQ-Decan-
dria, \-monogynia}. Hardy herbaceous
perennials ; divisions and suckers ; peat
and sandy soil.
C. corymb^ sa (corymbose-flowered) . ^. White.
June.' North America. 1752.
macula' ta (spotted-bearer/). . Pink. June.
North America. 1752.
CHIMONA'NTHUS. (From cheima, win-,
ter, and [anthos, a flower ; referring to
the time of flowering. Nat. ord., Caly-
canths [Calycanthaceae]. Linn., 12,-Icos-
andria, 3-trigynia). Half-hardy decidu-
ous shrub ; layers made in the beginning
of autumn ; seeds sown in March in a
gentle hotbed ; deep rich sandy loam ;
requires a wall in most places, but from
its scent should be admitted during win-
ter to the greenhouse.
C.fra' grans (fragrant). 6. Yellow, red. De-
cember. Japan. 1766.
grandiflu'rus (large-flowered). 8.
Yellow. December. China.
parviflo'rus (small-flowered) .
Pale yellow. December. Japan. 1818.
CHINA-ASTER. See Calliste'mma.
CHINESE ROSE. Hibiscus ro'sea sine'n-
CHIOCO'CCA. Snowberry. (From chi-
on, snow, and ho/cos, a berry. Nat.
ord., Cinchonads [Cinchonacese]. Linn.,
o-Pcntandria, \-monogynia. Allied to
Psycho tria). The roots of C. angmfug^a
and densifolia are said to be a certain
cure for serpent bites in Brazil. Stove
evergreen shrubs. Cuttings in sand,
under a glass, in hotbed. Peat and
loam. Summer temp., 60 to 80 j win-
ter, 48 to 55.
C. angui'fuga (snake-defeating). 3. White.
July. Brazil. 1824.
densiflo'ra (thickly-flowered). 3. White.
racemo'sa (racemed). 6. White. February.
CHIONA'NTHUS. Fringe Tree. (From
chion, snow, and anthos, a flower. Nat.
ord., Oliveworts [Oleaceae]. Linn., 2-
Diandria, \-monogynia}. Fine hardy
shrubs for peat bogs in a sheltered situa-
tion. Seeds imported, sown in spring ;
layers made in summer ; and grafting
on the common ash. Deep moist sandy
loam. The East Indian species requires
the heat of a stove.
C. axilla'ris (axR-flowering). 7. White. June.
East Indies. 1810.
mari'tima (sea-side). 10. White. June.
North America. 1736.
. 30. White. June.
angustifo'lia (narrow-leaved). 30.
White. June. North America.
latifo'lia (broad-leaved). 30. White.
CHIRI'TA. (From cheryta, the Hin-
dostanee for the Gentian plant. Nat.
ord., Gesnerworts [Gesneracesel Linn.,
\^-I)idynamia, 1-angiospermiw). Stove
evergreens, except C. sinensis. Seeds
sown in a hotbed in spring, and cuttings
in March and April, in sandy peat, under
a bell-glass. Peat and loam. Summer
temp., 55 to 80 ; winter, 40 to 45.
C. Moo' nil (Mr. Moon's). 2. Pale purple. July.
sine'nsis (Chinese). $. Lilac. July. China.
1843. Greenhouse evergreen.
Walkefrice (Mrs. General Walker's). 1.
Pale-yellow. Ceylon. 1845.
Zeyla'nica (Ceylon). 1A. Purple. June.
CHIRO'NIA. (A classical name after
Chiron, one of the Centaurs, fabled to be
the father of Medicine. Nat. ord.,
Gentianworts [Gentianaceae]. Linn., 5-
Pentandria, \-monogynia). Greenhouse
evergreens from the Cape of Good Hope.
Cuttings in sandy peat, under a bell-
glass. Peat three parts, loam one part ;
all fibry, with a little sand and charcoal,
and good drainage. Winter temp., 40
C.angustifo'lia (narrow - leaved). 1. Red.
bacci'fera (berry-bearing). 2. Yellow. June.
~-decussa' ta (cross-leaved), li. Red. July.
floribu'nda (abundant-flowering). 1. Rose.
frutefscens (shrubby). 1|. Red. July. 1756.
albiflo'ra (white-flowered). 1|.
White. July. 1756.
glutino'sa (clammy). 3. Red-lilac. 1844.
jasminoi'des (Jasmine-like). 2. Purple. May.
linoi'des (Flax -like). 2. Red. August.
lychnoi'des (Lychnis-like). 2. Purple. May.
nudicaiflis (naked-stemmed). 1. Purple.
peduncula'rw (long - flower -stalked). 3.
Purple. July. 1830.
serpylifo'lia (Wild thyme-leaved). 1. Yel-
low. August. 1829.
tetrago'na (four-angled). 1. Yellow. July.
CHITO'NIA. (From chiton, a coat of
mail ; the seeds, when dry, bearing a
rough or scabrous exterior. Nat. ord.,
Sean-capers [Zygophylaceae], Linn.,
W-Decandria, \-monogynia}. Stove ever-
greens. Cuttings in sand, in heat, in
April. Peat and loam. Summer temp.,
60 to 80 ; winter, 45 to 55.
C. a' Means (white - leaved). 10. White.
- Father gi'lla (Fothergill's). 20. Purple.
South America. 1815.
B. macrophy'lla (large-leaved). 10. White.
pyramida'lis (pyramidal). 3. W r hite. July.
Tamo'nia (Tamonia). 12. Purple. West
CHIVE or GIVE (A'ttium Schcenopra'-
sum}. Is used as a very superior sub-
stitute for young onions in spring salad-
ing. A single row a few yards long,
will supply a family.
A light rich soil is most suitable.
Plant together eight or ten of the off-
sets of the bulbs in March or April, in
rows ten inches apart, and as many from
patch to patch. By autumn they mul-
tiply into large-sized bunches, and if
required may be taken up as soon as the
leaves decay, and be stored as a substi-
tute for the onion. The leaves, which
are fit for use as long as they remain
green, must, when required, be cut down
close to the ground, when they will
speedily be succeeded by others.
CHLIDA'NTHUS. (From clideios, deli-
cate, and anthos, a flower. Nat. ord.,
Amaryllids [Amaryllidacere]. Linn., 6-
Hexandria, \-monogynia. Allied to Cli-
nanthus). A half-hardy bulb, with
sweet scented flowers. It requires fer-
tile loam in a warm border, and to be
taken up on the approach of frost and
kept dry in a pot of sand till April, when
its numerous offsets should be removed
to enable the bulb to flower well. Off-
sets ; sandy peat and fibry loam.
C. fra' grans (fragrant). 1. Yellow. June.
Buenos Ayres. 1820.
CHLOA'NTHES. (From chloa, greenish
yellow, and anthos, a flower; in reference
to its greenish flowers. Nat. ord., Ver-
benes [Verbenaceae]. Linn., \-Didyna-
mia, ?>-A.ngiospermia. Allied to Lanta-
na). Greenhouse evergreens from New
Holland. Cuttings of young shoots, in
sandy soil, under a glass; fibry loam and
turfy sandy peat. Winter temp., 40
C. glandulo'sa (glandulous). 2. Green yel-
low. July. 1824.
rosmarinifo'lia (Rosemary - leaved). 2.
Green yellow. July. 1823.
Staff chadis (Staochas-like). 2. Green, yel-
low. July. 1822.
CHLO'RA. Yellow- wort. (From chloros,
greenish yellow. The flowers of C.
perfoliata,' a British plant, are yellow,
and turn green when dried. Nat. ord.,
Gentianworts [Gentianacese]. Linn., 8-
Octandria, \-Monogynia). The leaves of
these plants are a good substitute for
Gentian. Hardy annuals. Seed sown
in April, in the open border.
C". imperfolia'ta (leaf-unstem-pierced) . Yellow.
June. Italy. 1823.
perfolia'ta (leaf - stem - pierced) . Yellow.
sero'tina (late -flowering], 1. Yellow.
November. South of Europe. 1832.
CHLORIDE OF LIME, or Bleaching Pow-
der, is composed of Chlorine, 36.23, Lime,
36.77. Exposed to the air it is conver-
ted into chalk, and muriate of lime, a
salt which absorbs moisture from the air
very powerfully. By this conversion it
becomes a useful addition to soils ; and,
as it also gives out some chlorine gas, so
offensive and destructive to insects, it
has been suggested as a useful applica-
tion to the land at the time of turnip
sowing. It is also useful as a disinfec-
ter, and for sprinkling about stable floors
to fix the ammoniacal fumes.
CHLORO'XYLON. (From chloros, green-
ish yellow, and xylon, wood. Nat. ord.,
Cedrelads [Cedrelacese]. Linn., 10-Zte-
candria, \-Monogynia. The Satin-wood is
from the trunk, and the wood-oil of India,
is from the leaves of C. Swietenia}. Stove
evergreen tree. Cuttings of ripe shoots,
in sand, under a glass, and in heat; loam
and peat. Summer temp., 60 to 80 ;
winter, 50 to 55.
C. Swietefnia (Van Swieten's). 50. White.
East Indies. 1820.
CHOCOLATE NUT. Theobro'ma.
CHOI'SYA. (Named after M. Choisy, a
botanist of Geneva. Nat. ord., Rueworts
[Rutacese]. Linn., W-Decandria, 1-
Monogijnid}. Stove evergreen, cultivated
C. terna'ta (three-leafleted) . 6. White. July.
CHOME'LIA. (Named after Dr. Chomel,
physician to Louis XV. Nat. ord., Cin-
chonads [Cinch onacese]. Linn., -Tetran-
dria, \-Monogynia. Allied to Ixora).
Stove evergreen shrubs, cultivated like
C.fascicula'ta (bundle-flowered). 5. White.
West Indies. 1825.
spino'sa (spiny). 12. White. West In-
CHONEMO'RPHA. (From chone, a fun-
nel, and inorpha, form ; the flowers be-
ing funnel-form. Nat. ord., Dogbanes
[Apocynacese]. Linn., 5-Pentandria, 1-
Monogynia. Allied to E-hyncospermum).
Stove evergreen shrub. Cuttings of
rather firm young shoots, in sand, under
a glass, and in heat; peat and loam.
Summer temp., 60 to 85 ; winter, 55
C.pub&scens (downy). White. May. East
CHORE' TIS. (From choros, to unite in
chorus ; this genus being an interme-
diate link between Hymenoca His and
Isme'ne. Nat. ord., Amaryttids [Ama-
ryllidacese]. Linn., 6-JIexandria, \-Mo-
nogynia). The bulbs are half-hardy, and
require to rest from the end of summer
till March. Like the Peruvian Daffodils
(Ismene), they require very light sandy
soil ; the flowers are very beautiful
pure white, with a green eye and green-
ish stripe. Division of bulbs ; peat and
loam. Summer temp., 60 to 80 ; win-
ter, 48 to 85.
C. galvestonie'nsis (Galveston Bay). 1. White.
glau'ca (milky-green). 1. White. July.
CHORI'SPORA. (From choris, separate,
and spora, a seed ; the seeds being divi-
ded from each other in the pods. Nat.
ord., Crucifers [Brassicaceae]. Linn., 15-
Tetr -adynamia. Allied to Cakile). Hardy
annuals. Only one worth notice. Seeds,
sown at the end of March; common soil.
C.tene'lla (slender), i. Purple. June. Si-
arcua' ta (bowed), i. Purple. June.
CHORO'ZEMA. (From choros, a dance,
and zema, a drink. The party who dis-
covered the first of these beautiful flow-
ers in New Holland, danced for joy at
finding fresh water in its neighbourhood.
Nat. ord., Leguminous Plants [Fabaceae],
Linn., 10 - Deccmdria, 1 - Monogynia).
Greenhouse evergreens, from New Hol-
land. Seeds sown in a slight hotbed in
March give the best plants ; cuttings of
firm, short, side shoots, may be taken off
any time before midsummer and inserted
in sand, under a bell-glass ; peat three
parts, fibry loam one part, sand and char-
coal one-half part each. Summer temp.,
55 to 70 ; winter, 45 to 50.
C. angustifo' Ha (narrow-leaved) . Yellow, red.
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corda'ta (heart-shaped-feerf). 2. Red.
Dickso'ni (Mr. Dickson's). 3. Scarlet, yel-
low. July. 1836.
Henchma'nni (Henchmann's). 2. Scarlet.
Huffe'lii (Hugel's). 2. Blue. May.
iliciftflia (Holly-leaved). 2. Yellow, red.
Lawrencia'iia (Mrs. Lawrence's). 3. Orange.
macrophy'lla (large-leaved). Red. April.
mucrona'ta (sharp-pointed). 3. Deep
orange. Spring. 1845.
na'na (dwarf). |. Yellow red. April.
ovtfta (egg-shaped). 1. Scarlet. August.
platylobiofdes (Platylobium-like). Yellow.
rho'mbea (diamond-leaved}. 2. Yellow.