New Zealand. 1823.
canneefo'lia (Canna- leaved). 4. New Hol-
conge'sta (crowded). 10. Pale blue. March.
New Holland. 1822.
hemicry'sa (half-golden). 2. Isle of Bour-
indivi'sa (undivided). 10. Blue. New
stri'cta (upright). 10. Blue. March. New
COREOPSIS. (From koris, a bug, and
opsis, like ; referring to the appearance
of the seeds. Nat ord., Composites
[Asteracece]. Linn., IQ-Synyenesla 3-
Hurdy annuals, seeds in common soil in
March ; hardy perennials, division of the roots
in the autumn or spring ; West Indian species
require a hotbed ; and the perennial herba-
ceous, and evergreen species are multiplied by
divisions and cuttings. Light sandy soil.
C. a'lba (white, climbing). 6. White. June.
- angustifo' lia (narrow-leaved). 2. Yellow.
July. North America. 1778.
Atkinso'nii (Atkinson's). 2. Yellow, brown.
argu'ta (sharp-notched). 2. Yellow. Au-
au'rea (golden). 3. Yellow. August.
North America. 1785.
auricula 1 ta (ear-leaved). 6. Yellow. July.
North America. 1699.
bi' color (two-coloured). 2. Yellow. June.
chrysa'ntha (golden-flowered). 2. Yellow.
August. West Indies. 1752.
corona'ta (crowned). 2. Yellow, brown.
July. Mexico. 1835.
crassifo'lia (thick-leaved). 3. Yellow. Sep-
tember. Carolina. 1786.
dicho'toma (forked). 8. Yellow. Sep-
tember. Carolina. 182/.
dieersifo'lia (various-leaved). 2. Crimson.
July. North America. 1833.
Drummo'ndii (Drummond's). 2. Yellow,
purple. September. Texas. 1834.
ferulcefo 1 lia (Ferula- leaved). 3. Yellow.
October. Mexico. 1/99.
filifo'lia (thread-leaved). 2. Yellow. Au-
gust. Texas. 1835.
grandiflo'ra (large-flowering). 3. Yellow.
August. North America. 1826.
inci'sa (cut-leaved). 6. Yellow. October.
integrifo'lia (whole -leaved). 3. Yellow.
lanceola'ta (spear- head -leaved}. 3. Yel-
low. August. Carolina. 1724.
C. latifo'lia (broad-leaved). 3. Yellow. Au-
gust. North America. 1786.
lo'ngipes (long-stalked). 2. Yellow. April.
palmu'ta (hand-leaved). 3. Yellow. June.
re'ptans (creeping). 6. Yellow. July.
West Indies. 1792.
ro'sea (roseate). 2. Red. July. North
senifo'lia (six-leaved). 4. Yellow. Sep-
tember. North America. 1812.
tenuifo'lia (slender- leaved). 2. Yellow.
North America. 1780.
atro purpu'rea (dark purple). 3.
Dark purple. June.
atro sangui'nea (dark crimson).
Dark crimson. July. North America.
trichospe'rma (hairy-seeded). 3. Yellow.
August. North Jersey. 1818.
verticilla'ta (whorl- leaved). 3. Yellow.
August. North America. 17^9-
CORETHRO'STYLIS. (From korcthron,
a broom, and stylos, a style ; referring
to the consolidated styles being clothed
with hairs. Nat, ord., Byttneriads
[Byttneriacere]. Linn., 5-Pentandria
1 - Monogynia. Allied to Lasiopetalum ) .
Greenhouse evergreen shrub. Cuttings of
young shoots in silver sand ; peat and silver
sand, with a little charcoal. Summer temp.,
55 to 75 ; winter, 40 to 48.
C. bractea'ta (ros^-bracted) . 3. Pink. April.
Swan River. 1844.
CORIA'NDRUM. Coriander. (From
koris, a bug ; referring to the smell of
the leaves. Nat. ord., Umbetttfers
Umbellifera] . linn., o-Pcntandria :>-
Dig y nia).
A hardy annual ; seeds sown in March ; com-
C. sati'vum (cultivated). 2. White. June.
CORIA'EIA. (From -corium, a hide;
in reference to the crustaceous covering
of the fruit. Nat. ord., a disputed point
| among botanists. Dr. Lindley says
! " It is very difficult to say what is the
; affinity of this plant." Linn., %%-Dicecla
The hardy species by suckers ; the New
, Zealand one'by cuttings, in sand, under a bell-
' glass. Winter temp., 40 to 45.
, C. myrtifo'lia (Myrtle - leaved). 6. Green.
June. South Europe. 1629-
: sarmento'sa (twiggy). 3. Green. June.
New Zealand. 1823.
CO'RIS. (A name adopted from Dios-
I corides. Nat. ord., Primru-orts [Primu-
lacese]. Lin., b-Pentandria l-Mono
' yynia. Allied to Lubinia).
A greenhouse biennial. Increased by seeds,
in March ; sand and peat. Interesting little
plant for the greenhouse shelf.
C. Montpelie'nsis (Montpelier). 1. Lilac. June.
South Europe. 1640.
CORK TREE. Qn>-'r>>ux phc'llos.
CORK WOOD. Ano'na palu'strh.
CORNELIAN CHERRY. Co' runs ma's-
CORNISH MONEYWORT. Riblho'rpia
CORN SALAD, or Lamb's lettuce ( V
tcriane'Ha olito'ria), is grown for winter
and spring salads. The first dish
formerly brought to table, was a red
herring set in a corn salad.
Soil and Situation. Any soil that is
not particularly heavy; the best is a
sandy moderately fertile loam, in an
Time and Mode of Soir'nty. Sow in
February and the two following months,
and once a month during the summer,
if in request ; but it is not so palatable
during this season. Lastly, during
August and early in September, the
plants from which will be fit for use in
early spring, or during the winter, if
mild. Three sowings are in general
quite sufficient for a family, viz., one at
the end of February, a second earl}' in
August, and a third early in September.
Sow in drills, six inches apart. The
only cultivation required, are frequent
hoeings, the plants being thinned to
four inches asunder. They should al-
ways be eaten quite young, in sum-
mer, the whole plant may be cut, as
they soon advance to seed at this
season ; but in spring and winter the
outer leaves only should be gathered,
as for spinach.
To obtain Sect/. Some of the spring-
raised plants must be left ungathered
from. They flower in June, and per-
fect their seed during the two following
CO'KNUS. Dogwood. (From >nui,
a horn; in reference to the hardness
of the wood. Nat. ord., Corneh [Cor-
nacea?]. Linn., i-Tclrandria \-Mono-
Hardy deciduous trees, shrubs, &c.. except
where otherwise specified. Propagated by
seeds, layers, or cuttings, and root- divisions ;
common soil } and moist situation.
fi'l/ta ,\hite-fjciTii'rl.. 10. White. July.
Ro'ssicu (Russian,. 8. White. July.
| Sibi'rica (Siberian). 10. White. Au-
gust. Siberia. 1824.
i alter nifu'lia (alternate-leaved;. 15. White.
July. North America. 1760.
Canade'nsis (Canadian). 1. Yellow. July.
Canada. 1774. Herbaceous perennial.
circina'ta (round-leaved). 6. White. July.
North America. 1784.
flo'ridu (flowery). 15. White. April. North
grti'ndis (grand). Green. Mexico. 1838.
mucrophy'lla (large-leaved). White. July.
ina'scufu (male Cornel}. 15. Yellow. Feb-
ruary. Austria. 1506.
frti'ctu cc.'ra; coloru'to (fruit wax-
coloured). 20. Yellow. February.
naricga'ta .(variegated). 8. Yellow.
June. Austria. 1596.
oblo'nga (oblong). 15. Purple. Nepaul.
punicula'ta (panicled,. 6. White. June.
North America. 1/58.
sangUri'nea, (bloody). 8. White. June.
variegtt'ta (variegated,. 8. White.
fo'liis vnricga'tis (variegated-
leaved). 10. White. June. Britain.
scri'cca (silky). 5. White. August. North
uspcrifo'lia, (rough - leaved). 8.
oblonfifo'lia (oblong-leaved). 8.
Sibi'rica (Siberian). 8. White. July. Si-
stri'cta (erect). 10. White. June. North
usperifo'lia (rough-leaved). 10. White,
sempcrvi'rens (,s-'/6-cvergreen). 10.
I'di-ii'gu'tft (variegated '. 10. White.
June. North America. 1/58.
Sttc'cicfi (Swedish 1 !. 1. White. April.
Britain. Herbaceous perennial.
COUNU'TIA. (Named after Conuifn;-,
a French physician. Nat. ord., J'cr-
bencs \ Verbenacea 1 ]. Linn., 'Z-Dhmdriu
I -.}f'>noyi/nia. Allied to Calficaipft.)
Stove evergreen shrub. Loam and peat,
cuttings in bottom-heat, under glass, in Feb-
ruary or March.
C. pyramida'ta (pyramidal). 6. Blue. July.
CORONI'LLA. (From corona, a crown,
or garland; in reference lo the dis-
position of the flowers. Nat. ord.,
Leguminous plants (Fabacea?]. Linn.,
I / -l')i<t(lflj)li.j(t. 4 ficcniif/ria').
The juice of C. vnria is poisonous. Botli
greenhouse and hardy species are handsome,
tree-blooming plants. Seeds and cuttings ;
[ 275 ]
cuttings root readily during the summer months
under a close frame, even without bottom-heat.
HARDY HERBACEOUS, &C.
C. Cappado'cica (Cappadocian). 1. White.
July. Cappadocia. 1800.
E'merws (Scorpion-senna). 3. Red, yellow.
April. France. 1596. Deciduous
globo'sa (globe-form). 1. White. Septem-
ber. Crete. 1800. Deciduous creeper.
Ibe'rica (Iberian). 1. Yellow. July. Iberia.
1822. Deciduous trailer.
ju'ncea (rush). 3. Yellow. June. France.
1656. Evergreen shrub.
squama'ta (scaly). 1. White. June. Crete.
va'ria (various). 1. Pink. September.
Europe. 15Q/. Deciduous creeper.
GREENHOUSE EVERGREENS, lire.
C. arge'ntcn (silvery-leaved). 2. Yellow. May.
corona' tu (crown- headed}. 2. Yellow. June.
South Europe. 1//6. Herbaceous
Cre'tica (Cretan). 1. Striped. June. Can-
dia. 1731. Annual.
glau'cd (milky-green. Seven- /tended). 2.
Yellow. July. France. 1722.
variega'ta (variegared-fcawrf). 4.
Yellow. August. Gardens.
mi'ninut (least). 1. Yellow. July. South
Europe. 1658. Herbaceous perennial.
monta'na (mountain). 2. Yellow. June.
Switzerland. 17/6. Herbaceous pe-
pentaphy'lla (five-leaved). 2. Yellow. June.
Valenii'na (Valentine). 2. Yellow. August.
South Europe. 1596.
vimina'lis (twiggy). 3. Yellow. August.
CORRE'A. (Named after Correct, a
Portuguese botanist. Nat. ord., Rue
worts [RutaceffiJ. Linn., V>-Octandria
The settlers in New Holland employ the leaves
of Correas, particularly those of C. alba, for tea,
Greenhouse evergreen shrubs from Australia.
Cuttings of half-ripened shoots, in sand, under
a bell-glass ; in bottom-heat in spring. The
riner sorts are also grafted on the commoner
ones, such as C'. alia. C. speciosa will scarcely
strike at all ; three parts sandy peat and one of
turfy loam. Summer temp., 55 to /5 ; winter,
40 to 48
C. a'lba (white). 6. White. June. 1793.
fcrrugi'nca (rusty). 3. Green, white. April.
pulche'llu (pretty). 5. Scarlet. June. 1824.
ni'fn (reddish). 6. White. June. 1821.
specio'sa (showy). 3. Scarlet. June. 1806.
vi'rens (green-flowered). 6. Green. July.
CORTL ,'SA. Bears-ear Sanicle. (Named
after Cortusus, an Italian botanist. Nat.
ord., Primeworts [Primulacea:]. Linn.,
A hardy perennial, with frame protection in
winter ; does best as a pot-plant ; root division ;
loam and peat.
C. Matthio'li (Matthioli's). 1. Red. April.
CORYA'NTHES. Helmet Flower. (From
kori/s, a helmet, and ant/ios, a flower ;
in reference to the shape of the lip or
labellum. Nat. ord., Orchids [Orchi-
dacetBJ. Linn., 'M-Gynandria \-Monan-
Stove orchids. Division ; in pots well-
drained ; fibrous peat, chopped sphagnum, and
small-broken potsherds. Growing temp., 75
to 85; rest, 50 to 60. See The Cottage
Gardener, v. 256.
C. Feildi'ngi (Colonel Fielding's). Yellow,
brown. May. South America. 1845.
lentigino'sa (freckled). Yellow. May.
mucra'ntha, (large-flowered). 1. Brown,
yellow. June. Caraccas.
macula 'ta (spotted- lipped). 1. Yellow-
spotted. June. Demerara. 1829.
- Parke'ri (Parker's). 1. Yellow,
purple. June. Demerara. 1839.
macrosta'chya (large - spiked). Orange,
yellow, brown. Mexico. 1843.
speciu'sa (showy). ]. Yellow, green. May.
- a'lba, (white-flowered), li- White.
June. Demerara. 1840.
CORY'CIUM. (From 7,-on/s, a helmet,
referring to the shape of the flower.
Nat. ord., Orchids [Orchidacesej. Linn.,
20- Gynandria \-Monandria).
One of those terrestrial orchids from the Cape
of Good Hope, which no British gardener has
yet succeeded in cultivating with success.
C. cri'spum (curled). 1. Yellow. July. 1825.
o/'06rmc#oiWra(Orobanche-like). 1. Yellow.
CORYDA'LIS. (From korydalos, a
lark, the spur of the flower resembling
that of the lark. Nat. ord., Fume wort a
[FumariaceeeJ. Linn., ll-Dladelphw
~ -ffexan dria ) .
Beautiful hardy plants. The perennial kinds
are increased by root division at any season ;
and the annuals sown in the open ground in
spring or autumn in common soil.
ANNUALS AND BIENNIALS.
C. acau'lis (stemless). 1. Pale yellow. July.
au'rea (golden). 1. Yellow. June. North
America. 1812. Biennial.
brcviflo'ra (short-flowered). 2. Pale yellow.
June. Kamtschatka. 1824.
capnoi'des (Capnus-like). 2. \Vhite. July.
South Europe. 1596. Biennials.
clavicula'ta (tendrilled). 6. White yellow.
June. Britain. Climber.
giau'ca (milky-green). 2. Yellow purple.
July. North America. 1683.
C. impa' tie/is (impatient). 1. Yellow. May.
stri'cta (straight). 1. Yellow. June. Siberia.
Uralc'nsis (Ural}. 1. Pale yellow. August.
Kamtschatka. 1824. Biennials.
C.fla'vula (yellowish). . Yellow. June.
lu'tea (yellow). 2. Yellow. July. England.
peeonienfo'lia (Pteony-leaved). 2. Purple.
February. Siberia. 1820.
Sibi'rica (Siberian). 1. Yellow. July.
C. angustifo'lia (narrow-leaved). 1. Purple.
February. Iberia. 181 9.
bractea'tu (/rcrg-e-bracted). 1. Pale yellow.
February. Siberia. 1829.
biculcnra'ta (two-spurred). 1. Pink. June.
bulbo'sa (bulbous). 1. Pink. February.
Caucn'sica (Caucasian). 1. Purple. February.
faba'cea (Bean-leaved). 3. Purple. February.
Ge'bleri (Gebler's). May. Altai. 1827-
longiflo'ra (long-flowered). i ! . Pale rose.
April. Altai. 1832.
Marshalliu'na (Marshall's). 1. Purple.
February. Tauria. 1824.
no' bills (noble-flowered). 1. Lilac yellow.
May. Siberia. 1783.
pauciflo'ra (few-flowered). 1. Purple. Feb-
ruary. Siberia. 1810..
tubcro'sa (tuberous- hollow-rooted}. 1. Pur-
ple. February. Europe, 1596.
albijio'rn (white-flowered). 1.
White. February. Europe. 1596.
CO'EYLUS. Nut Tree. (From /,///*,
a hood or helmet; in reference to the
calyx covering the nut. Nat. orcl.,
Masf worts [Corylaceoj]. Linn., 21-
Hardy deciduous shrubs, mostly cultivated
for their fruits ; common soil ; readily increased
either by seeds sown in October or November ;
and by layers or suckers.
C. America 'na (American). 10. April. North
Avella'na (Filbert). 10. February. Britain.
a'lba (white filbert}. 10. February.
Barcelone'nsis (Barcelona). 8. Feb-
cri'spa (frizzled). 8. February.
glomerti'ta (clustered). 8. Feb-
gra'ndis (great- Cob}. 8. February.
heterophy'lla (various-leaved) 20.
Yellow red. February. Danube. 1829-
Lambe'rti (Lambert's). 10. Feb-
ova'ta (egg-fruited}. 8. February.
pu'mila (dwarf). 6. February.
purpu'rea (-purple- leaved). 10.
ru'bra ^red Filbert}. 10. February.
te'nuis(thin'Cosford), 10: February.
C. America' na tubulo'sa, (tvAmlwc-calyxed}. 10.
February. South of Europe. 1759-
tubulo'sa a'lba (white-tubular-^V-
bert}. 10. February.
rariega'ta (variegated). 8. Feb-
-r- Colurna (Hazel-Constantinople}. 10. Apetal.
February. Constantinople. 1665.
hu' mills (humble). 6. February, North
rostra' ta (beaked). 5. February. North
FILBERT CULTURE. The following
are the most esteemed kinds : White
Filbert; well known. Red; similar,
but having a red skin. Prolific; cob;
a very large nut. Cosford; fine flavour,
thin shell, great bearer. Prolific dwarf;
well adapted for small gardens. Gor-
don's thin shelled ; a good nut. Friz-
zled ; similar to the other filberts ;
husk more ornamental.
Propagation. Layers, cuttings, graft-
ing, and seed. Shoots of the previous
year's growth root readily, if layered
any time during the rest season. Cnt-
tlmjs should be made similar to those
of the currant, the lower buds cut out,
in order to destroy their propensity to
suckering. If they are to form neat
little bushes, on a dwarfing system for
small gardens, the cuttings may
nearly half a yard in length. (
is performed as with the apple or pear,
and at the period when the buds first
begin to swell. The common hazel-
nut, or the Spanish nut, are generally
used for stocks ; the latter, it is affirmed,
Avill not produce suckers.
Seed. This practice is resorted to
for the sake of raising new varieties, or
for producing the ordinary ha/els. In
the former case, there is much room
for progress still ; and certainly no
plant otters greater facilities to the
hybridiser. Bearing as it does, male
and female blossoms separately, every
opportunity exists for depriving any
given kind of its catkins betimes.
Soil. Any ordinary soil, if pretty
good, will answer, provided it is not
stagnant. A free upland light loam,
however, is what they prefer. We have,
nevertheless, known them succeed very
well in a moorish-looking soil ; and on
well-drained peats, which had become
sound through the application of marl
Culture during the growing period.
Very little is requisite after the regular
winter priming, unless it be the ex-
tirpation of suckers, and the removal
during summer of those loose and ill-
placed watery growths, which only
serve to confuse and darken the tree.
We may here notice, that some little
training may be necessary for those
under a dwarfing system in small gar-
dens, in order to bring them into a
compact and handsome shape.
Culture during the rest period. Com-
mencing with the training when young.
They are best in single stems of about
two feet in height ; and the head should
branch off equally, to accomplish which,
some pruning back is requisite during
the first year or two, whilst the head is
forming, and the latter should be kept
thin in the centre. When the trees are
well established an annual pruning
should be resorted to, consisting of still
keeping the centre of the bush some-
what open, and in thinning out any
cross shoots and superfluous spray. It
must be observed, that the fruit is pro-
duced on shoots of the preceding year,
and generally on portions \vhich have
been well exposed to the light. Any
coarse or robust shoots should be
shortened back nearly half their
length ; these will frequently produce
axillary branches of a fruitful charac-
ter. Do not prune until the blossoms
are showing; this will be about the be-
ginning of February. The female
blossom is like a minute brush, of a
pinkish colour; the male is the well-
known catkin. In pruning, much re-
gard must be paid to these blossoms
especially the female ; scarcely a twig
may be cut away containing them. This
makes it evident that most of the
pruning, or, perhaps rather, thinning,
requisite, should have been well carried
out prior to the commencement of
It often happens, that filbert-trees
will possess female blossoms with few
or no male catkins. When such is the
case there Mall be no crop, unless
means bo taken to bring the male
farina within their reach. Catkins
must be sought about the period when
the nmle dust is just beginning to
burst. Branches containing these, may
be tied here and there amongst the
bushes most needing them. It matters
not what kind of nut they are from ;
probably the wild haxel is best.
Fruit ; how to keep. When gathered,
the fruit must be kept in jars, in a cool
cellar, with husks on. If it is de-
sired to impart a fine fresh-looking
colour to the husks, they must be
placed in a close vessel, and a small
pan of sulphur gently burned, or rather
smouldered beneath them.
Insects. See Ciirculio nucum, and
CORYMBS, a spike of flowers, the
flower-stalks of which are longer in
proportion as they stand lower down
the main stalk supporting them, so
that the flowers are with a top nearly
level. Those of 8pir<ea opulifolia, and
of the Mountain Ash, are examples.
CORYNE'LTA (From korynf, a club;
referring to the shape of the style.
Nat. ord., Leguminous Plants [Faba-
cere]. Linn., 11 -Diadelphia -i-Decan-
dria. Allied to Clianthus).
Stove evergreen shrub. Cuttings in sand,
under a glass, and in bottom heat; peat and
loam; summer temp., 60 to 80; winter, 50
; C. polyu'ntha (many-flowered). 5. Purple.
West Indies. 1824.
CORYOCA'RPVS (From koryne, a club,
and carpos, a fruit ; referring to the
I form of the fleshy seed. Nat. ord.,
1 Ardlsads [Myrsinacete]. Linn., r>-
PrntdUflria I-Monoyynia. Allied to
Greenhouse evergreen tree; readily increased
i by layers in light rich soil.
; C. leeciga'tus (smooth). 20. White. New
CORY'PIIA. Fan Palm. (From K-ory-
\ phe, the summit ; in reference to the
; leaves growing in tufts on the top of
this palm. Nat. ord., Palms [Pal-
maceo 1 ]. Linn., (\-Hexandria \-Mono-
Stove Palms, except where otherwise men-
tioned ; soil, rich sandy loam ; increased by
C. Austra'lis (southern). 50. New Holland.
elu'ta (tall). 150. East Indies. 1S25.
glauce'sccns (milky- green). 100. East
Jieterophy'lltts (various-leaved). Danube.
C. Pn'mos (Tumos). 20. Cuba. 1824,
tecto'rum (roof). 15. West Indies. 1825.
nmlraruli'feru (umbrella-bearing\ 100.
East Indies. 1742.
- - U'tun (Utan). 50. Moluccas. 1825.
CORYSA'NTHES. New Holland ground
orchids, of which little is known. Per-
haps belonging to Coryanthes.
COSMA'NTHUS (From kosmos, beau-
tiful, and anthos, a flower. Nat. ord.,
Hydrophyh [PTydrophyllaces 1 ]. Linn.,
^-Pcntandna ]-Monogynia. Allied to
A half-hardy annual. Seeds ; sandy soil.
C.fimbria'tus (fringed-j0/?/r//s). $. Pale flesh.
COSME'LTA (From kosmeo, to adorn.
Nat. ord., Eparrids rEpacridacea^;.
Linn., 5-Pentandrtu 1 Munoyyniu ) .
Greenhouse evergreen shrub. Cuttings in
summer months ; sandy peat and sand.
C. nt'brrt (red-flowered\ Red. New Holland.
CO'SMOS (From kosmos, beautiful; in
reference to the ornamental flowers.
Nat. ord., Composites [Astevacea>].
Linn., W-8ytif/e>iesi ^-Supi-rfliiu. Al-
lied to Bidens).
Cosmea is united to this. Both the annual
and perennial species are all readily increased
from seeds ; sown early in spring, and treated
as tender annuals ; planted out in the open
borders in the summer months.
C. diversifo'lia (various-leaved). 3. Lilac.
September. Mexico. 1835. Hardy
Scabioaoi'dea (Scabioug-like). 4. Scarlet.
September. Mexico. Greenhouse
C. biplnna'ta (doubly-leafleted). 3. Purple.
July. Mexico. 1/9P-
clm/sunthemifo'lia (Chrysanthemum -leaved).
2. Yellow. July. South America. 1826.
crithmifo'lia (Samphire-leaved). 2. Yellow.
September. Mexico. 1826.
hi' tea (yellow). 2. Yellow. October,
parvlfto'ra (small-flowered). 2. White.
July. Mexico. 1800. Hardy.
vulphti'rea (sulphur). 2. Yellow. July.
Mexico. 1799. Hardy.
tene'Ua (delicate). 2. Yellow. October.
tenuifo'lius (slender-leaved\ 2. Purple.
September. Mexico. 1836. Hardy.
COSSI'GNIA (Named after Cosni;/ny, a
French naturalist. Nat. ord., Soup-
worts [Sapindaceae]. Linn., G-Hexan-
drla 2-Difiyn ia . Allied to Kcelreuteria ) .
Admired for its golden-veined leaves. Stove
evergreen shrub. Soil, peat and loam. Cuttings
root readily under glass in bottom-heat.
C. Borbo'nica (Bourbon). 10. Mauritius. 1824.
Cp'|3SUS LIGNl'PEJRDA. Goat Motll.
The caterpillar of the Goat Moth is
most destructive to the wood of fruit-
trees, though the elm, oak, willow,
poplar, and walnut, also, are liable to
its attacks. It is the COSSHS liyniperda
I of some naturalists, and the Bumlyx
and Xyleutes cossus of others. The
j caterpillar measures more than four
' inches in length, is smooth and shin-
; ing, beset only here and there with
single short hairs. It is dark red on
the back, and the breathing-holes si-
: tuated at both sides are of the same
! colour. The sides and lower part of
the body are flesh-coloured ; the head
! is black, the first segment also marked
: with black above. After remaining
j more than two years in the larva state,
! and casting its skin eight times, the