spring ; and any particular varieties can be
budded or grafted upon one of the most useful,
the common whitethorn. Common garden soil.
C. Alpi'na (Alpine). 20. May. Italy.
(ipiifo'lia (Parsley-leaved). 15. May. North
mi'nor (smaller). May.
Aro'nia (Aronia). 15. May. South Europe.
1810. Berries yellow .
grand! fln'ra (large - flowered). 15.
Azaro'lus (Azarole). 15. May. South
Europe. 1640. Berries red.
rarpu'tica (Carpathian). 20. May. Car-
cocri'rft (cn,rlet-fruitfd\ 20. May. North
C. coccinea rora'ltina (coralline). 15. May.
glandulo'sa (glandulose) 20. May.
North America. 1759. Berries red.
indent a' fa (indented.- 1 caved) . 12.
May. North America.
macra'//t(long-spined). 20. May.
North America. 1819. Berries yel-
ma'xima (largest). 20. May. North
mi'nor (smaller-fruited). 20. May.
Neupolita'na (Neapolitan). Mav.
subvillo'sa (slightly-hairy). 1832.
succule'ntu (succulent - fruited} .
corda'ta (heart- to/wcf). 20. May. North
America. 1738. Berries bright red.
crenula'ta (scollop-edged). 10. May. Ne-
Cm's-ga'lli (Cockspur). 20. May. North
America. 1691. Berries dark red.
' linfn'ris (narrow-leaved). 20. May.
na'na (dwarf). 4. May. North Ame-
pyr acanthi fo' Ha (Pyracantha - leaved).
20. May. North America.
snlirifo'lia (\Villovv-leaved). 20. May.
splf'iidens (shining). 20. May. North
Dovglafrti (Douglas's). 15. May. North
America. 1830. Berries purple.
elli'pfica ;oval-/e??erf). 20. May. North
fiissti (cleft-leaved). 15. May. 1810.
flaMlaita. (km- 1 eared). 15. May. South
fla'va (yellow Penr-bet-rifd). 20. May.
North America. 1/24.
loba'ta (lobed). 15. June.
Florenti'nit (Florentine). 15. May. 1800.
fln'ridu (florid). 20. May. North Ame-
glu'bru .(smooth). 15. May. North America.
heterophy'lla (various-leavrd). 20. May.
North America. 1816. Berries red."
latifo'lin (broad-leaved). 20. May. North
La'yi (Mr. Tradescant Lay's). 10. North
hticidn (shining-team/). 20. May. North
Miirurca'na (Morocco). 15. May. Barbary.
melannca'rpa (black-berried). 15. May.
Mexica'na (Mexican). 15. May. Mexico.
monoigyna (one-styled). 15. May. Siberia.
ni'gru (black -fruited}. 20. May. Hungary.
odorati'ssima (sweetest-scented). 15. May.
Crimea. Berries bright red.
Orientals (Eastern). 15. May. South
Europe. 1810. Berries dark red.
san<ftii j nea (.blood-coloured ). 15.
Mav. Crimea. 1810.
C. ovalifo'lia C oval-leaved). 20. May. North
oxyca'ntha (sharp-spined Common haw-
thorn). 15. May. Britain.
upe'tala (petalless). 15. May.
f raited). May.
au'reti (golden-berried), 15. May.
capita'ta (capitate-flowering). 15.
Celsia'na (Cels's). 15. May.
erioca'rpa (woolly-fruited). 15.
White. May. Britain.
flexuo'sa (zigzag-branched). 15.
leaved). 15. White. May.
fo'liis-au'reis (yellow- variegated).
15. White. May.
lacinia'ta (cut-leaved}. 12. White.
May. Sicily. 1816.
leucoca'rpa (white-fruited). 15.
White. May. Britain.
ma'jor (greater-fruited). 15. White.
mu'ltiplex (double-lowered). 15.
obtusa'ta (blunt-lobed). 15. White.
May. France. 1322.
Oliver ia'na (Oliver's). 20. White.
C. punctatu brevispi'na (short-spincd). White.
May. North America.
ni'gra (black -/rwtYed). White.
r. North America.
strl'cta (black-fruited up-
May. Asia Minor. 1820. Berries black.
ple'nn (double-flowered). 15.
prce'cox (early). 15. White. May.
pterifo'lia (Brake-leaved). 15.
pnni'cea (scarlet-flowered). 15.
puni'ceo flo're ple'no (scarlet- dou-
ble). 15. Dark red. May.
quercifo'lia (Oak-leaved). White.
June. Hamburgh. 1834.
' regi'jwe (Queen Mary's thorn). 30.
White. May. Scotland.
ro'sea superbo. (superb rosey-flower-
ed). 15. Crimson. May.
Sibe'rica (Siberian). 15. White.
)5. White. May. Transylvania.
oxyncanthoi'des (Oxyacantha-like). 15.
White. May. France. 1822.
parvifo'lia (small-leaved). 15. May* North.
Flo'rida (Florida). 6. White.
May. North America.
leaved). 6. White. May.
penta'gynm (five-styled). 15. White. May.
Poiretia'na (Poiret's). 20. White. May.
Priest ia'na (Priest's). White. May. 1810.
prunellifo'lia (Prunella-leaved). 20. White.
prunifol'ia (Plum-leaved). 20. White.
May. North America. 1818. Berries
puitf-ta'ta (dotted-fruited). 15. White.
North America. 1746. Berries red.
au'rea (golden-fruited). 30. White.
May. North America. 1724.
right). White. May. North America.
ru'bra (red-fruited). 20. White.
May. North America.
stri'ctn (upright red). 20.
White. May. North America.
purpu'rea (purple-fruited). 15. White.
May. 1822. '
Alta'ica (Altaic). 15. White.
May. Altaic Mountains.
Pyraca'ntha (Evergreen-thorn). 10. White.
May. South Europe. 1629.
crenula'ta (small-scolloped). 10.
White. May. Nepaul. 1820.
fru'ctu u'lbo (white-fruited). 10.
White. May. 1841.
pyrifo'lia (Pear-leaved). 15. White. June.
North America. 1763. Berries yel-
sangui'nea (crimson-fruited). 15. May.
spathula'tu (spatula-leaved). 15. Mayi
North America. 1805.
spinofti'ssima (spiniest). 15. May. Europe.
stipula'ris (stipulate). Pink. May. Quito.
tanacetifo'lia (Tansy-leaved). 15. May.
Greece. 1789- Berries yellow.
gla'bra (smooth). 15. May.
Tau'rica (Taurian). 15. May.
Virgi'iiica (Virginian). 5. May. Virginia.
1812. Berries green.
vi'ridis (green-fruited). 15.- May. Carolina.
CRATJE'YA. Garlic Pear. (Named
after Crat<evus, a Greek botanist. Nat.
ord., Capparids [Capparidacese]. Linn.,
\\-Dodccandria \-Monogynia. Allied
to the Common Gaper).
The bark of the roots of the Garlic Pear (C.
gynundra) blisters like Cantharides. Stove
evergreen trees ; rich loamy soil ; increased by
cuttings, in sand, under glass, in bottom-heat.
C. gyna'ndra (gynandrous). 12. White. Ja-
Roxbu'rghii (Roxburgh's). 15. White. East
Ta'pia (Tapia). 30. White. East Indies.
Tapioi'des (Tapia-like). 20. White. South
CREEPERS or TRAILERS are plants
which by having numerous stems and
branches resting upon and spreading
over the soil's surface, are useful for
concealing what would be unpleasing
to the eye. They are also handsome
objects 'in pots suspended from the
roof of an appropriate structure, and
some, as Gaultheria procumbens, are or-
namental round the margin of ponds or
CRESCI/NTIA. The Calabash Tree.
(Named after firsrcnti, an old author.
Nat. ord., Crrwatiitdx \ CrescentiacefeJ.
Linn., -TetrdHdria 1-Jfnitof/i/nia).
The flowers of the Calabash-tree (C. Cujcte],
are intermediate between Gesnerworts and Big-
noniads, and in all the species are produced
from the old stems or branches. Stove ever-
green trees ; a mixture of loam and peat ; cut-
tings of ripened shoots root readily in sand,
under glass, in heat.
C. acumina'tu (pointed- leaved; . 20. Green,
white. Cuba. 1822.
cucurbiti'na (Gourd-fruited",. 10. White.
West Indies. 1/33.
Cuje'te (Cujete). 20. White. Jamaica. 1690.
CRESS. (Lepi'd'mm sti'rt<m.)
r<meties. There are three varieties :
Plain-leaved, which is the one com-
monly cultivated for salads; Curly-
leaved, equally good, and employed
likewise for garnishing ; Broad -leaved,
seldom cultivated. See Mustard.
CRESS ROCKET. Vc'lla.
CRI'NUM (From fouion, the Greek
name for Lily. Nat. ord., Amaryllids
[Amaryilidacere]. Linn., Q-Hcxandria
Nearly 50 species of Crinum, with numerous
varieties, and many cross-bred seedlings have
been described by Dr. Herbert. Many of them
are the most beautiful of this order. C. longi-
florum is perfectly hardy in England if planted
six or eight inches deep. It will grow in water,
but better on the margins of lakes, ponds, or
rivulets. The whole family delight in strong
rich loam, and an abundance of water when
they are growing. Bulbous plants of great
beauty ; rich loam, peat and sand ; readily in-
creased by offsets and many by seeds.
C. Ca'pensc (Common Cape). 2. Pink. July.
Cape of Good Hope. 1752.
Herbc'rti( Herbert's). 2. Pink. September.
Cape of Good Hope. 17/4.
C. angustifolium (narrow-leaved). 2. White.
June. New Holland. 1824.
Austra'le (southern). White. April. Aus-
crassifo'lium (thick-leaved). 2. Pink. Sep-
tember. Cape of Good Hope. 17/4.
fla'cdi&um (flaccid). 2. Pink. July. New
tongifloirum (long-flowered). 2. Purple.
July. Cape of Good Hope. 1816.
longifo'lium (long -leaved). 3. White.
lorifo'liutK, (strap-leaved }. 5. White. July.
macroca'rpum (large-fruited;. l. July.
C. uiaHritia'nuin, (Mauritian;. 4. Pink. March.
molucca'ntun (Molucca;. 2. Pink. July.
multifto'rum (many-flowered). 2. White.
peduncula'tutn (long flower- stalked). 3.
White. July New South Wales. 1790.
plicti'tum (plaited^. 2. White. July.
ripu'ritim (river-bank 1 . 2. Pink. July.
Cape of Good Hope. 181b'.
C. Algoc'nsc (Algoa Bay). Red, white. Au-
gust. Cape of Good Hope. 1826.
ama'bile (lovely). 5. Purple. July. East
Amcrica'num (American). 2. White. July.
South America. 1752.
amce'num (pleasing). 2. White. East In-
la'oe (smooth-edged). 2. White.
East Indies. 1819.
nngustifoliitm (tall-narrow -lca\ed .
2. White. East Indies. 1819.
uHgu'aiinn (narrow). 1. Pink, July. Mau-
ano'nmlinn (anomalous). 1. White. July.
uqua'ticum (water). 4. Pink. August.
Cape of Good Hope. 1820.
arena'rinm (sand). 2. White. May. New
bla'ndum (mild-looking]. 2. Blue.
May. New Holland. I8S1.
Asia'ticum (Asiatic Poison bulb). 3. White.
July. China. 1/32.
Australa'sicum (Australian). White. June.
brachya'ndrum(short-stnmcned). 5. White.
July. New Holland. 1819-
brachyne'ma (short-stamened). White. East
brat-tea' turn (bracted . 2. White. July.
angustifotlium (narrow-leaved;. 2,
White. July. Mauritius. 1810.
brevili'mbum (short-fringed). 2. July. Pa-
cific Islands. 1820.
Broussone'ti (Broussonet's). \. Red, white.
July. Guinea. 1740.
Ca'ffrnm (Caffre). Red, white. September.
Cape of Good Hope. 1825.
cunaliculu'tum (channelled - leaved,. 4.
White. July. East Indies. 1810.
canalifo'lium (chahnclled-leaved). 2. July.
East Indies. 1820.
Curcya'num (Carey's). 2. White. July.
Commeli'ni (Commelin's). 2. White. July.
South America . 1 798 .
confe'rtum (crowded). 2. White. June.
New Holland. 1822.
crue'nttt m (bloody -flowered). 4. Red. July.
East Indies. 1810.
declina'tutn (curved- down). 2. White.
May. Silhet. 1818.
dcfi'xum '(.denxed), 2. White. August.
East Indies. 1810.
di'stichum (two-rowed). 2. White, purple.
June. Guinea. 1774.
. e'legans .elegant). 4. White. September.
East Indies. 1823.
ensifo'lium (sword-leaved). 3. White.
ernbe'scens (blushing). 2. Pale white. July.
West Indies. 1/89.
Bcrbwc'nse (Berbice). 2. White.
July. Berbice. 181Q.
Coranty'num (Corantyne). Pale
red. June. South America. 1820.
glu'brum album (smooth-white).
White. June. South America. 1820.
gla-'brum ni'bntm (smooth - red).
Red, white. June. Maranham. 1824.
ma'j'us (larger). 3. Red, white.
July. South America. 1789.
'mi'nu s (smaller). 1$. Red, white.
July. South America). 1/89.
octoflo'rum (eight-flowered). White.
June. Spanish Main. 1820.
rubrili'mbum (red-fringed). Red.
June. South America.
niridifo'lium (green-leaved). 3.
White. July. Demerara. 1819.
eryt /trophy 'Itiah (red-leaved). 2. Red,
white. July. East Indies. 1825.
exalta'tum (lofty). 3. East Indies. 1820.
Forbc'si (Forbes's). Red, white. July.
Delagoa Bay. 1824.
formo'sum (beautiful). 2. July. Brazil. 1820.
giga'nteum (giant). 3. White. July. Guinea.
hu'mile (low). 1. White. October. 1822.
insi'gne (noble). 3. Pink. November.
East Indies. 1819.
La'ncei (Lance's). Red, white. July. Su-
latifo'lium (broad-leaved). 3. Pink. July.
East Indies. 1806.
Lindleya'num (Lindley's). White, purple.
June. Maranham. 1824.
Loddigesia'iium (Loddiges), White, purple.
Paxto'ni (Paxton's). Red, white. June.
pediola'tum (pediolate). White, purple.
July. South Africa. 1792.
specta'bilc (shewy). White. July.
jiratc'nse (meadow). White. June. East
firo'ccrum (tall). 3. White. July. Pegu.
purpura'scens (purplish). Purple. June.
Fernandez Po. 182d.
revolu'tum (rolled-back). 14. White. June.
ri'gidum (stiff). White. June. East Indies.
sea 'brum (rough). 4. Pink. May. Azores.
si'nicum (Chinese). 1. White. China. 1819.
spccio'sum (showy). 2. Pink. July. East
atri'ctum (straight). U. White. September.
siihme'rsum (submerged). 1-J. Pink. July.
Rio Janeiro. 1820.
Httmittra'num (Sumatra). 3. White. July.
iindtila'turn (IrswoA-leavefT). 1^. White.
November. Maranham. 1824.
C. cenu'stum (graceful), l. White, red. July.
East Indies. 1821.
verecu'ndum (ruddy). 2. Pale red. July.
East Indies. 1820.
Y'ucceeoi'des (Yucca-like). 2. Red, white.
June. Guinea. 1740.
zeyla'nicum (Ceylon). 3. Purple. July.
(ongisty'lum (long-styled). Pale red.
July. East Indies. 1806.
CRISTA'RIA (From crista, a crest, the
form of the seed vessel. Nat. ord.,
Mallmc icor/s | Malvaceae]. Linn., 16-
Moiiadelphia $-Polyit,<fri. Allied to
A very neat little hardy herbaceous perennial.
Peat ; cuttings during the summer months.
C. cocci'nea (scarlet). . Scarlet. August.
CRI'THMUM. Samphire. (From/;-/'///",
barley ; resemblance of the seeds to
barley. Nat. ord., Umbatl\fer [Api-
ace;v]. Linn., ^-Pentnndr'tn '2 Diyyida.
Allied to Seseli).
Samphire (C. mar'Uimum) is excellent in
C. latifo'lium (broad-leaved). 1^. Yellow.
July. Canaries. 1780. Greenhouse
mari'timum (sea). 1. White. August.
Britain. Hardy herbaceous.
Culture. Cri.thmum m<i>'ilrnnn>-
though a native of the sea shore, may
be cultivated successfully in the garden.
#o*7. It requires a sandy rich soil
and the north side of a Avail.
Propaijrit'wn. The roots may be
planted, or the seed sown in April ;
the only cultivation required being to
keep the plants free from weeds, and to
water it about twice a week with water
containing half an ounce of guano, and
one ounce of salt per gallon.
CROCKING, is putting a piece of pot-
sherd over the hole at the bottom of a
llower-pot previously to adding the
CRO'CUS. A name adopted from
Theophrastus. Nat, ord., Irlds [Iri-
dacejo]. Linn., ?>-Triamlria \-Mono-
Hardy bulbs. The saffron of the shops is the
dried stigmas of C. sativus. The Sicilian saf-
fron is from those of C. odorus.
C. albiflo'rus (white-flowered). . White.
annula'tus (ringed). $. White. March.
South East Europe. 1629.
C. annula'tus Ada'micus (Adam's). 4, Purple.
a'lbus (\vh\te-flowered). White.
biflo'rus (two-flowered). 4- White.
March. Crimea. 1629.
4. White. March.
cosrule'scens (bluish). Bluish.
Lilac. February. Florence.
Grce'cus (Grecian). February.
nubige'na (cloudy). White.
March. Mount Gargarus. 1845.
purpura'scens (purplish -flower-
ed). Purple. March. Dalmatia.
pusi'llus arge'nteus (silvery). .
White. February. Pisa.
linea'tus (lined). Feb-
arge'nteus (silvery). White, brown. Feb-
Astu'ricus (Asturian). 4. Purple. October.
ttu'rciis (golden). 4. Yellow. February.
biflo'rus (two-flowered). 4. White. Feb-
ruary. Crimea. 1629.
Borya'nus (Bory's). White. September.
Byxanti'nus (Byzantine). September. Hun-
Cambesedia'nus (Cambesedes'). White.
cancella'tus (cross-barred). Mount Taurus.
Kotschia'nus (Kotschy's). Violet.
margarita'ceus (pearly). Purple.
C. insulu'ris gcminiflo'rus (twin-flowered;. Sep-
ma'jor (larger). September.
White, yellow. Caria.
Cartwrightia'nus (Cartwright's). J. White,
purple. September. Candia.
Cre'ticus (Cretan). Pale
yellow. October. Candia.
leuca' dius (whitish).
Caucu'sicus (Caucasian). White, blue. Feb-
chrysa'nthus (golden-flowered). 4- Golden.
Clusia'nus (Clusius's). September. Por-
Damnsce'nus (Damascus). September. Da-
Keischeria'nns(K.visc'her'a'). White. Smyrna.
-+- Garga'ricus (Gargarian). 4- Golden yellow.
March. Mount Gargarius.
Hadria'ticus (Hadriatic). October.
nian). October. Chrysobeloni.
imperato'nius (Imperato's). J. Lilac. Feb-
ruary. Naples. 1830.
insula'ris (island;. September. Corsica,
- - me'dius (medium). September.
- - mi'nimus (least). Violet. Septem-
la'cteus (cream-coloured-flowered}. 4. Pale
lagenteflo'rus (bottle-flowered). 4. Red,
yellow. February. Greece.
auireus (golden). 4. Golden
yellow. March. Greece.
- - a'lbus (white-flowered}.
i. White. March.
ed). 5. Cream. March. Greece. 1629.
- - lalcteus pcncilla'tus
(milky pencilled). 4. Pale cream.
- - lute'scens (yellowish).
|. Pale yellow. March.
ed). $. Pale sulphur. March.
- sulphura'sceiis (pale
sulphur). 4- March.
- sulphu'reiis (sulphur-
coloured). %. Pale yellow. March.
South Europe. 162Q.
- - triUneu'tus (three-
lined). 4. Yellow, blue. March.
ca'ndidus (white). White.
March. Mount Gargarus.
- fla'o'us (yellow). 4- Pale
yellow. February. Greece
- Htz'micus (Hsemus). March.
Landeria'nus (Lander's). Yel-
Syria 1 cus (Syrian). 4- Yellow.
Olirieria'nus (Olivier 's). Yel-
low. March, Chios.
stella'ris (starry). 4. Yellow.
stria 1 tits (streaked). 4- Yellow.
March. South Europe. 1629.
longiflo'nts (long-flowered). February. Italy.
hi 1 tens (c'w/MWow-Yellow). . Yellow. Fe-
bruary. Turkey. 1629.
MasVamis (Macsian). ^. Yellow. Febru-
ary. Greece. 1629.
me'dius (intermediate). September. Liguria.
iiii'nimnti (smallest). ^. Purple. February.
niv a 'Us (snowy). February. Morea.
nudiflo'rus (naked-flowered). . Violet.
odo'rtts (scented). ^. September. Naples.
- longiflo'rus) (long-flowered). J. Oc-
- Melitc'nsis (Malteses). 4- October.
Palla'sii (Pallas's. Autumnal). . Lilac.
September. Crimea. 1821.
pulche'llufi (neat). Light blue. February.
pusi 'llus (dwarf). J. White blue. February.
Pyrenee'us (Pyrenean). |. Purple. Sep-
[ 289 ]
C. reticula'tus (netted). \. Blue. February.
_ a'lbicans (Cloth of silver). 4.
Whitish. March. Odessa.
Ansyre'nsis (Angora). 4. Yellow.
aurite'xtus (Cloth of gold). A.
4. Yellow. March.
refle'xus (bent-back). 4. I
Yellow-striped. March. Crimea. 1605.
Dalma'ticus (Dalmatian). 4.
variega'tus (variegated). 4. April.
Sulzmannia'nus (Salzmann's). Africa. 1806.
sati'vus (cultivated. Saffron}. 4. Violet.
sero'tinus (late. Autumnal). 4- Violet.
October. South Europe. 1629.
Sibthorpia'nus (Sibthorps) .
pulchri 'color (fair - coloured).
stun 1 rims (Stauric). White.
specio'sus (showy). Purple. September.
Cauca'sicvs (Caucasian). Purple.
la'xior (looser). Purple. Septem-
Purple. September. Transylvania.
stria' tus (channelled). 4. White. Feb-
sulphu' reus (sulphur-coloured). $. Yellow.
February. South Europe. 1629.
.jia' inis (pale yellow). ^. Pale
yellow. February. South Europe. 1629.
Susia'nm (Susian). ^. Yellow. February.
Sutcria'jms (Suter's). ^. Bright yellow.
Thoma'sii (Thomas's). . Blue. Septem-
ber. Naples. 1830.
" lec'vis (smooth- leaved).
Tournefortia'nus (Tournefort's). October.
vallc'cola (valley). White. October. Tre-
variega'tus (variegated). . Variegated.
February. Levant. 1829.
-^ve'rnus (spring). $. Purple. February.
- 1 albiflo'rus (white - flowered). $.
White. February. Carintha.
' apri'Kt (April). . Violet. April.
cla'tior (taller). $. February. Alps.
parviflo'rus (small -flowered). i.
White. February. Splueen.
leucorhy'nchus (white-beaked). A.
White, blue. February.
' Neapolita'nus (Neapolitan). 4. Pur-
ple, blue. February. Naples.
" obonu'tus (reversed-egg-shapcd). .
Purple. February. South Europe.
pi'ctus (painted). $. Pale white.
versi'color (party-coloured). $. Purple. Feb-
ruary. South Europe. 1629.
CROCUS CULTURE. Propagation: by
Seed. Sow the seed in October, in a
prepared bed of light rich earth, in an
open situation, covering it a quarter of
an inch. The seedlings will come up
in the spring and should be kept well
weeded. When the leaves decay, clear
them away and spread a thin coat of
fresh light earth over the roots. Allow
them to remain another season, and
then when the leaves decay take up
the bulbs carefully, sifting the soil so
as to find even the smallest. In August
prepare a bed of fresh rich earth, turn-
ing it over two or three times to mellow
and pulverise. About the middle of
September, on a dry day, level the bed
and draw drills across' it four inches
apart, then plant the young bulbs in
the drills three inches asunder, press-
ing them down gently into the soil,
and when all are planted, level the
ridges of the drills with a rake care-
fully down. In this bed they should
remain two years. The second year
most of them will flower, and when in
bloom the colours should be marked,
to enable you to separate them into
their colours when they are taken up.
Any new fine varieties should be espe-
cially taken care off.
By Offsets. When the leaves decay
in the summer take up the bulbs,
keeping them in their various sorts ;
separate the large flowering bulbs from
the small offsets, and plant the latter
in a bed by themselves, in the same
way as is described above for seedlings.
In two years take them up, sort the
large roots out again, and replant the
Soil. The crocus delights in a dry
situation, and a rich light sandy soil.
In such a place and soil it flowers pro-
fusely, and produces large roots ; but
in a wet poor soil it dwindles away.
Culture. October is the best month
for planting, though it may be pro-
longed to the middle of December.
Take the roots up every second year,
planting the offsets as described above.
Insects. Slugs are their chief enemy,
which may be destroyed by watering
the beds or clumps with lime water.
Diseases. The bulbs sometimes be-
come like a mass of starch or meal,
and then will not grow. There is no
[ aoo j
remedy for bulbs actually diseased, but
they ought to be carefully picked out,
and not mixed with the general stock
for fear of infection. It seems to be
caused by an internal fungus.
CROPPING ( MIXED) is growing two
or more crops together, one of which
may be either drawn young, so as to
be out of the other's way before it gets
high enough to be injured ; or one of
which benefits the other by shading it.