Greenhouse evergreens with white flowers,
from New Holland. Peat and loam ; cuttings,
in sand, with a little peat, under glass.
C. acero'sa (chaffy). 8. July. 1823.
glau'ca (milky-green). 20. April. 1818.
Oxyce'drus (Prickly-Cedar). 6. April.
CY'CAS. (Greek name for a Palm.
Nat. ord., Oycads [Cycadacese], Linn.,
This order is in close affinity with Conifers.
Dr. Lindley says" The undoubted remains of
Cycads attest their having once formed a con-
siderable portion of the vegetation of Great
Britain." Stove herbaceous perennials; re-
quire plenty of pot room ; rich sandy loam, and
moist heat. Young plants are often obtained
C. angula'ta (sharp-cornered). 4. New Hol-
circina'lis (round-leaved). 3. East Indies.
glau'ca (milky- green). 4. East Indies. 1818.
revolu'ta (rolled-back-/eawed) 3. July.
squarro'sa (spreading). 4. East Indies.
CY'CLAMEN. Sowbread. (From ky-
clicos, circular; referring to the shape
of the corm or bulb-hike root. Nat. ord.,
J'miitnrorts [Primulacece]. Linn., 5-
Pcntandria \-Monoyynia. )
Cyclamens are very acrid, yet are the favourite
food of wild boars of Sicily, whence the English
name. Beautiful bulbous plants.
[ 308 ]
C. Co'um (Cos), i. Lilac, red. February.
South Europe. 1595.
Europce'um (European). 4> Lilac, red.
August. Switzerland. 1596.
hedenfo' limn (Ivy-leaved). ?. Purple. April.
a'lbidum (whitish-^otm-ed). $.
White. July. Britain.
purpura'scens (purplish- flow-
ered'), $. Purple. July. Britain.
Ibe'ricitm (Georgian). $. Asiatic Georgia.
latifo'lium (broad-leaved). \. Red. April.
South Europe. 1800.
linearifo'lium (narrow-leaved). $. Purple.
April. South Europe. 1824.
littora'le (shore-inhabiting). J. Deep rose.
Neapolita'num (Neapolitan). 4> Red. April.
ve'rnum (spring). $. Purple. April. South
C. Pc'rsicum (Persian). $. Red, white. Feb-
ruary. Cyprus. 1731.
albiflo'rum (white-flowered). $.
White. February. Cyprus. 1731.
inodo'rum (scentless). $. Red,
white. February. Cyprus. 1731.
. lacinia'tum (jagged-petaled) . 3.
Red, white. April.
___ llla'ceum (Lilac - coloured -flow-
ered). $ Lilac. February.
odora'tum (scented). ^. Red,
white. February. Cyprus. 1731.
~ puncta'tum (spotted -flowered).
i. White, lilac. March.
repa'ndum (wavy-edged), k. April. Greece.
Propagation : by Seed. This is the
only way of propagating cyclamens.
The roots being a solid corm will not
divide successfully. Gather the seed
as soon as ripe, dry it slowly, and sow
it in February in shallow wide-mouthed
pots, in a compost of peat, loam, and
sand, covering the seeds scarcely a
quarter of an inch deep ; place them
in a cold frame, excepting O. pcrsicum,
which should be placed in a greenhouse
on n shelf near the glass ; sow the
seeds thinly, so that they may remain
in the seed pots for one year.
Soil. Equal parts, light turfy loam,
sandy peat, and leaf mould ; or if this
cannot be had, half apart of very rotten
dung may be substituted.
Summer Culture. Pot in autumn,
and when spring comes in most of the
kinds will be in 'flower. They require
then a good supply of water. Though
some of the species are hardy, yet it is
safer to cultivate them in pots in
frames, and bring them into the green -
house when in flower. Some of the
varieties of C. persicum are very fra-
grant, but there is no certainty that the
seedlings from them will continue fra-
grant. Seedlings of a year old should
be potted singly into thumb-pots, and
be repotted in April in 3^-inch pots,
and kept in a gentle heat, to encourage
the bulbs to grow larger. As soon as
the flowering season is over, set them
out of doors, giving no water; and as
soon as the seed is gathered, and all
the leaves dead, trim these off, and lay
the pots on one side to keep them dry
till the plants require potting.
Winter Culture. When frost begins,
shift them into pots of a size in pro-
portion to that of the bulbs, leaving
the bulbs just out of the soil, excepting
C. count, which should be covered
about half an inch. The largest bulbs
may require pots six inches in diame-
ter. As soon as potted, place them in
a cold frame, covering up securely
from frost; give air on all favourable
occasions, and water very moderately
till the leaves are full-grown and the
flowers begin to appear, when it may
be more liberally given.
Insects. Slugs, yrecn fly and wlrc-
tcorms prey upon them.
Diseases. Sometimes when the bulbs
become large they lose the power of
growing again ; the buds on the crown
appear to be dead. We know of no
Culture in the open air. All the spe-
cies, excepting C. persicum and its va-
rieties, will live in a warm border of
the compost out of doors, but on
account of their early blooming the
flowers are often injured by late frosts.
The border should be well drained, and
a covering of tanner's bark, or coal
ashes should be spread over the roots
in autumn, and allowed to remain on
till the warm weather of spring arrives,
when it may be removed and renewed
in the autumn. The bulbs may either
be taken up and replanted in October,
or allowed to remain for two years.
CYCLOBO'THRA. (From kyklos, a cir-
cle, and bothros a pit ; in reference to a
cavity at the bottom of each sepul.
[ 309 ]
Nat. orcl., Lilt/worts [Liliaceee]. Linn.,
6-Hexandria \-Monoyynia. Allied to
Little hardy, or half-hardy bulbs, with droop-
ing flowers ; succeed best in a sunny border of
light soil ; to be protected in winter. Readily
increased by the little viviparous bulbs produced
oil the upper part of the stems.
C. a' ll)a (\vliitc-petaled). 1. White. August.
barba'ta (bearded). 3. Yellow. August.
hi 1 tea (yellovf-petaled). Ij. Yellow. Sep-
tember. Mexico. 1827.
monophy'lla (single-leaved). . Bright
yellow. California. 1848.
-~- pulche 1 lla (pretty-flowered). 1. Yellow.
August. California. 1832.
purpu'rea (purple). 3. Purple-green. Au-
gust. Mexico. 1827.
CYCLO'GYNE. (From kyklos, a circle,
and yync, a stigma or female organ ;
in reference to the disposition of the
pistils. Nat. ord., Leguminous Plants
[Fabaceae]. Linn., 17-Diadelphia 4-
Decandria. Allied to Galega.)
Cane'scens ; (hoary). 1. Purple. May. Swan
River. Greenhouse evergreen.
CYCNO'CHES. Swan-neck. (From
kyknos, a swan, and auchen, the neck ;
in reference to the long and gracefully
curved column. Nat ord., Orchids
[Orchidacese]. Linn., %0-Gynandria 1-
Monandrla. Allied to Cyrtopodium.)
Stove orchids. Strong moist heat whilst
growing; rough fibry peat, and half decayed
leaves, with a little sand; root division.
C. barba'tum (bearded}. White, pink. New
chlorochi' lum (greenish-yellow-lipped). 2.
Yellowish. June. Demerara. 1838.
Cummi'ngii (Cumming's). White, yellow.
Loddige'sii (Loddiges's). 1. White, pur-
ple. May. Surinam. 1830.
leucochi'lum (white-lipped). 1.
Yellow, white. June. Guiana.
macula 1 turn (spotted). 1. Buff, purple.
June. Mexico. 1839.
petitada'ctylon (five-fingered). 1. Yellow,
brown. March. Brazil. 1841.
steUi'ferum (starry). Green, brown. May.
ventric'j'sum (inflated-Zip). 2. Green, white.
Egertonia'num (Sir P. Eger-
ton's). 2. Purple, green, pink. June.
CYDO'NIA. Quince. (Its native place,
Cydon, in Candia. Nat. ord., Apple-
worts [Pomacece]. Linn., 1%-Icosan-
Hardy deciduous Wes and shrubs. C.japo~
nica is one of our handsomest flowering shrubs ;
layers in September, and to remain until that
time twelvemonths before taken off ; also by
seeds. See Quince.
C.japo'nica (Japan). 4. Scarlet. Japan.
a'lba (\vh\te-flowered). 4. White.
ca'rnea (flesh-coloured). Flesh-
flo're se'mi-ple'no (semi-double-
flowered). 4. Red. August.
sine'nsis (Chinese). 15. Pink. May. China.
pyramida'lis (pyramidal). White.
vulgu'ris (common Quince). 20. White.
May. Austria. 1573.
lusita'nica (Spanish). 20. White.
malifo'rmis (apple-formed). 20.
White. May. 1573.
oblo'nga (oblong - fruited}. 20.
White. May. Europe.
CYLI'STA. (From ki/l'tstos, twining ; re-
ferring to the habit of the plants.
Nat. ord., Leguminous Plants [Fabacea 1 .].
Linn., 17 -Diudelphia -i-Decandria. Al-
lied to Ehynchosia.)
Stove evergreen twiners. Loam and peat ;
cuttings in sand, under glass, in bottom heat.
C. albiflo'ra (white-flowered). 6. White. April.
scario'sa (membranous). 4. Yellow. East.
tomento'sa (woolly). 4. Yellow. East In-
villo'sa (shaggy). 6. Yellow. April. Cape
of Good Hope. 1776.
CYMBI'DIUM. (From kymbe, a boat ;
referring to a hollow recess in the lip
or labellum. Nat. ord., Orchids [Or-
chidacere]. Linn., 2Q-Gynandria 1-
Stove orchids. Fibry loam, fibry peat, and
leaf-mould, well drained ; root division.
C. aloifo'lium (aloe-leaved). 1. Purple, black.
September. East Indies. 1/89.
hi' color (two-coloured-^ou-'ererf). Purple,
crimson. April. Ceylon. 1837-
chlora'nthmn. (greenish - yellow - flowered) .
Yellow, crimson. May. Nenaul. 1840.
Devonia'num (Duke of Devonshire's). 1,
White, crimson. March. Khoseea.
diu'rnum (day -flowering). Bahama.
eburne'um (ivory-white-flowered). 1. White,
yellow-striped. May. East Indies.
e'leguns (elegant). Yellow. May. Nepaul.
Finluysonia'num (Finlayson's). Cochin
Gibso'nii (Gibson's). White, red. January.
gigante'uin (gigantic). Brown, purple,
C.iridifo'lium (Iris-leaved). Dark brown.
March. East Indies. 1837-
lancifo'lium (lance-leaved). . White, red.
September. Nepaul. 1822.
ma'didum (moist). Olive-green. May. East
margina'tum (red-edgedL-sepal) . 3. Yellow,
Maste'rsii (Masters's). 14. White, yellow,
red. August. East Indies. 1841.
ochroleu 1 'cum (yellowish - white) . Yellow.
pe'ndulum (hanging-down). 3. Yellow, red,
white. June. Nepaul. 1838.
brevila'bre (short-lipped). 2.
Green, red, yellow. June. Singapore.
pube'scens (downy). 1. Purple, yellow.
April. Singapore. 1838.
sine'nse (Chinese). 1 J. Purple, brown.
sua've (sweet). Green, brown. May. Aus-
tri'pterum (three-winged). White. July.
CYNA'NCHUM. (From kyon, a clog, and
ayche, to kill ; referring to its poisonous
qualities. Nat. ord., Asdepiads [Ascle-
piadacese]. Linn., 5-Pentandria 2-Digy-
nia. Allied to Asclepias.)
Cuttings root readily; the hardy kinds in
common garden soil ; usual stove or greenhouse
treatment for the others.
STOVE EVERGREEN TWINERS.
C.fimbria'tum (fringed). 10. Purple. July.
Heynia'num (Heynes's). 6. White. East
hirsu'tum (hairy). 6. Trinidad. 1825.
GREENHOUSE EVERGREEN TWINERS.
C. cape'nse (Ca.pe). 6. White. July. Cape
of Good Hope. 1820.
pilo'sum (soft-haired). 5. White. July.
Cape of Good Hope. 1726.
HARDY HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS.
C. acu'tum (pointed-Jeawed). 3. White. July.
cirrho'sum (tendriled). 3. 1825. Deci-
exce'lsum (tall). 10. White. July. Bar-
bary. 1816. Deciduous twiner.
lu'teum (yellovt-.fiowered). 2. Yellow. June.
me'dium (middle-sized). 3. White. June.
mela'nthos (black-flowered). 3. Purple.
July. 1818. Deciduous twiner.
monspelia'cum (Montpelier). 3. White.
August. South Europe. 1596.
ni'grum (black). 3. White. July. South
ro'seum (rosy). 3. Purple. July. Davuria.
1818. Deciduous twiner.
villo'sum (shaggy). 3. White. July. 1821.
Vinceto'xicum (Vincetoxicum). 2. White.
July. Europe. 1596.
CYNA'RA. Artichoke. (From kyon,
a dog, the spines on the involucre or
guard leaves, immediately below the
flower, being likened to clog's teeth.
Nat. ord., Composites [ Asteracese] .
Linn., IQ-Syngenesia 1-jE quails).
Hardy herbaceous perennials, except where
otherwise stated. Increased by seeds and root
division. See Artichoke and Cardoon.
C. cardu'nculus (Cardoon). 5. Blue. August.
fe'rox (fierce). 5. Blue. July. Italy. 1820.
glomerafta (clustered). $. Blue. August.
Cape of Good Hope. 1824. Half-hardy.
ho'rrida (horrid); 6. Purple. August.
Madeira. 1/68. Greenhouse.
integrifo'lia (whole-leaved) . 4. Blue. July.
pygmce'a (pygmy). 1. Purple. July. Spain.
Sco'lymus (Scolymus, Artichoke), 8. Purple.
August. South Europe. 1548.
spinosi'ssima (spinest). 4. Blue. July.
CYNOGLO'SSUM. Hound's Tongue.
(From kyon, a dog, and ylossa, a tongue ;
referring to the shape of the leaves.
Nat. ord., Borageworts [Boraginacese].
Linn., o-Pentandria 1-Monogynia).
Nearly all hardy ; some are very pretty border
flowers ; common soil ; seeds or root division.
C. cane'scem (hoary). 2. Blue. July. East
diffu'sum (spreading). White. July. India.
hirsu'tum (hairy). 1. Blue. July. Cape
of Good Hope. 1806.
lanceola'tum (spear-head-feawed). White,
blue. July. Africa. 1806.
C. Apenni'num (Apennine). 6. Red. May
bi 1 color (two-coloured). 2. White, purple.
July. Germany. 1820.
coele'stinum (celestial-blue). 2. White, blue.
August. India. 1837.
cheirifo'lium (Wall-flower-leaved). 'l. Blue. '
June. Levant. 1596.
clandesti'num (clandestine). 2. Brown.
July. Spain. 1820.
Colu'mnce (Collumna's). 2. Blue. July.
Diosco'ridis (Dioscorides's). 2. Purple.
July. France. 1820.
divarica'tum (straggling). Purple. June.
elonga'tum (lengthened). 2. Flesh. July.
glochldia'tum (burred). 2. Blue. June.
India. 1837. Greenhouse.
glomera'tum (clustered). 2. June. North
Hee'nkii (Hsenkc's). 2. Blue, purple. July,
[ 311 ]
C. holoseri'ceum (velvety). 2. Violet, July
lateriflo'rum (side-flowered). Purple. June
officina'le (shop). 2. Purple, red. June
pi'ctum (painted). 2. Light blue. August
~sylva'ticum(vfooA). 3. Blue. June. Britain
umbella'tum (umbel-flowered). 2. Purple
June. Hungary. 1817.
C. amplexicau'le (stem-clasping). 2. Blue,
June. North America. 1812.
anchusoi'des (Anchusa-like). 1. Blue. May.
austra'le (southern). 2. Pale red. June.
New Holland. ^820. Greenhouse,
grandiflo'rum (large -flowered). 3. Blue,
white. India. 1830.
longifio'rum (long-flowered). 1. Purple,
red. June. India. 1839.
magelle'nse (Magellan). 1. Purple. June.
-*- tomento'sum (downy -flowered). Violet.
May. Italy. 1823.
Virgi'nicum (Virginian). Blue, white. June.
North America. 1812.
CYNOME'TRA. (From kyon, a dog,
and metra, matrix; referring to the
seed pods. Nat. ord., Leguminous
Plants [Fabacece]. Linn., 10-Decan-
dria I-Monogynia. Allied to Hard-
Stove evergreen trees from the East Indies.
Loam and sandy peat ; cuttings in sand, under
glass, with bottom heat.
C. cauliflo'ra (stem-flowering). 30. Red. 1804.
polya'ndra (many-stamened). 20. Red. 1822.
CYPE'LLA. (From kypellon, a goblet
or cup, referring to the form of the
flowers. Nat. ord., Irids [Iridacese].
Linn., 16-Monadelphia l-Triandria. Al-
lied to Herbertia.)
Pretty little half-hardy bulbs, requiring the
same treatment as Ixias. Sandy loam and peat;
C. Drummo'ndii (Drummond's). Purple, yel-
low. June. San Felipe. 1834.
Herbe'rti (Herbert's). 1. Vermilion. July.
Buenos Ayres. 1823.
plu'mbea (leaden-coloured). Blue. Mexico.
CY'PHIA. (From kyphos, curved; re-
ferring to the shape of the style and
stigma. Nat. ord., Bellworts [Campa-
nulacece]. Linn., 5-Pentandria l-Mo-
nogynia. Allied to Campanula.)
Greenhouse plants from Cape of Good Hope.
The perennial species root freely from young
cuttings ; the annual kinds by seed ; loam,
peat, and sand.
C. bulbo'sa (bulbous). . Pale blue. August.
C. carda'mines (Cardamine-like). 3. July.
1823. Herbaceous perennial.
inci'sa (cut-leaved). %. Pale red, July.
Phyteu'ma (Rampion). l. Pink. February.
1822. Perennial tuber.
volu'bilis (twining). 1. Pale blue. 1795.
CYPEESS. See Cupre'ssus.
CYPRIPE'DIUM. Ladies' Slipper.
(From Kypris, Venus, and podion, a
slipper. Nat. ord., Orchids [Orchid-
acese]. Linn., 2Q-Gynandria \-Monan-
Both the stove and hardy species of these
orchids succeed well in turfy peat, mixed with
a little loam, charcoal, and potsherds. The
hardy kinds when grown in pots should have
frame protection during the winter months;
C. barba'tum (bearded). . Purple, white, red.
April. Malacca. 1838.
gutta'tum (spotted). %. Yellow. April,
insi'gne (striking). 1. Green, red, orange.
June. Nepaul. 181Q.
Irapea'num (Irapean). 1. Yellow. June.
Lo'wi (Mr. Low's). 1. Variegated. April.
venu'stum (handsome). . Green, red.
October. Nepaul. 1816.
C. acau'le (stemless). Rose, purple.
North America. 1786.
a'lbum (white). l. White. May,
arieti'mim (ram's-Aead). J.
April. Canada. 1808.
calce'olus (common slipper).
helve 1 ticum (Swiss).
June. Switzerland. 1825.
-a'ndidum (white). 1. White. June. North
macra'nthos (large-flowered). $. Purple.
May. Siberia. 1828.
parviflQ'rum (small-flowered) . 1. Yellowish.
June. North America. 1759-
pube'scens (downy). 1. Yellow, purple.
June. North America. 1790.
purpura'tum (purple-cowered). 3- Purple.
September. Archipelago. 1836.
specta'bile (remarkable). l. White, purple.
June. North America. 1731.
White, purple. June. North America.
a'lbum (white). White. June.
North America. 1827.
ventrico'sum (swollen). . Dark purple.
April. Siberia. 1829.
CYRI'LLA. (After D. Cyrillo, an
talian Botanist. Nat. ord., CyriUadx
Cyrillaceee]. Linn., 5-Pentandria 1-
Monoyynia. Allied to Heathworts,)
C 312 ]
Greenhouse evergreen shrubs. Sandy loam
and peat ; cuttings in sand, under glass, with
slight bottom heat.
C. Antilla'rum (Antilles). 6. White. July.
Carolinia'na (Carolina). 6. White. July.
CYRTA'NTHUS. (From kyrtos, curved,
and anthos, a flower ; the flowers bend
down from the summit of the scape or
stalk. Nat. ord., Amaryllids [Ama-
ryllidaceffi] . Linn., 6-Hexandria 1-
Monogynia. Allied to Yallota.)
Greenhouse bulbs from Cape of Good Hope.
C. obliquus and C. carneus have evergreen
leaves ; they, therefore, require to be watered
all the year round. Strong friable loam suits
them best in deep narrow pots, and the bulbs
covered. Greenhouse culture from April to
November, and an airy place in the stove near
the glass in winter. The rest are deciduous,
and require to be kept dry in winter. Offsets.
C. angustifo'lius (narrow-leaved). 1. Orange.
ca'rneus (flesh-coloured). 1. Flesh. August.
colli'nus (hill). $. Crimson. June. 1816.
obli'quus (twisted-fe??ed). 2. Green, orange.
odo'rus (sweet-scented). $. Crimson. June.
pa'llidus (pale). 1. Pink. June. 1822.
spira 1 Us (spiral-leaved). 1. Scarlet. June.
striu'tus (streaked), |. Orange. July.
ventrico'sus (swollen). 1. Red. June. 1770.
CYRTO'CEKAS. United to Ccntro-
CYRTOCHI'LUM. (From kyrtos, curved
or concave, and che'dos, a lip ; the form
of the labellum or lip. Nat. ord., Or-
chids [Orchidacese]. Linn., '2Q-Gynan-
dria \-Monandria. Allied to Acantho-
Stove orchids. On blocks of wood, with moss
and sphagnum fastened over their roots. Sum-
mer moist temp., 60to i 90 ; winter, 55 to 60 ;
C. Bictonie'nse (Bicton). 2. Red. October.
fi'lipes (thread-stalked). 1. Red, yellow.
March. Guatemala. 1838.
flave'scens (straw - coloured -flowered). 1.
Yellowish. June. Mexico. 1830.
macula 1 turn (spotted). 1. Green, purple.
Vera Cruz. 1837.
ecornu'tum (hornless). 1. Yel-
low, purple. March. Mexico.
purviflo'rum (small-flowered) .
1. White, yellow, purple. February.
Spotted. March. Guatemala.
mystaei'num (whiskered). 1$. Yellowish.
October. Peru. 1836.
C. Stella' turn (starry -flowered). Cream, pink.
March. Brazil. 1839.
CYRTOGO'NIUM. (From kyrtos, curved,
and (jonu, a knee ; referring to the
creeping stems or rhizomes. Nat.
ord., Ferns [Polypodiaceoe]. Linn., 24-
Cryptogamia I-Filices. Allied to Pla-
Stove ferns, with brown spores. Divisions ;
peat and loam. Summer temp., 60 to 80;
winter, 50 to 55.
C. cnsta'tum (ribbed). July. Java.
crispa'tulum (curled). May, East Indies.
diversifo' Hum (various-leaved). May. East
flagelli'ferum (rodjbearing). East Indies.
lacinia'tum (jagged-teaued). May. Isle of
punctula' turn (small-dotted). May. Java.
repa'ndum (waved). May. East Indies.
sca'ndens (climbing). May. East Indies.
serrutifo'lium (saw-leaved). May. East
sinuo'sum (crooked). May. Isle of Luzon.
subcrena' turn (slight-scolloped). May. East
vi'rens (green). May. Java.
CYRTO'MIUM. (From kyrtos, curved ;
the shape of the spore cases or seed
vessels. Nat. ord., Ferns [Polypo-
diacese]. Linn., 24:-C f rypto(/amia 1-
Stove ferns ; culture as for Cyrtogonium.
C. caryoti'deum (Caryota-like). Yellow. June.
falca'tum (sickle-like-/ea?'<?rf). Yellow. June.
South America. 183Q.
CYETOPE'EA. (From kyrtos, curved,
and yera, a small sack ; alluding to the
sack-like appendage to the labellum or
lip. Nat. ord, Orchids [Orchidacere],
Linn., 20-Gynandrla \-Monandrla. Al-
lied to Galeandra.)
Stove orchids. Root division; peat, rotten
wood, and potsherds.
C.fla'va (yellow). 3. Yellow. June. East
flave'scens (yellowish). Pale yellow. June.
plica' t a (plaited-feamZ). India. 1840.
South America. 1819.
CYRTOPHLE'BIUM. (From kyrtos,
curved, and pldcbs, a vein ; referring to
the disposition of the veins in the
leaves. Nat. ord., Ferns (Polypo-
diacere]. Linn., Z-Cryptogamla l-Fi-
Stove ferns. Culture as for Cyrtogonium.
C. decu'rrens (leaf-bordered-stemwed). 4. Yel-
low. July. Brazil*
[ 313 ]
C. ni'tidum (shining). Yellow. July. West
CYRTOPO'DIUM. (From kyrtos, curved,
and poca, a foot ; referring to the form
of the labellum or lip. Nat. ord.,
Orchids [Orchidacese]. Linn., 2Q-Gy-
Stove orchids. Divisions ; peat, sphagnum,
and broken pots ; plants raised above the pots,
or suspended in shallow baskets. Summer
temp., 60 to 90 ; winter, 55 to 60.
C. Anderso'nii (Anderson's). 2. Yellow. April.
St. Vincent. 1804.
< crista'tum (crested).
fla'vum (yellow). 2. Yellow. 1831.
glutini'ferum (clammy). Yellow. South
puncta'tum (spotted). 3. Yellow, red. April.
Wilmo'rei (Wilmore's). 4. Yellowish-red.
CYSTO'PTERES. A genus of ferns
composed of aspidiiim, alpinum, atoma-
rinum, bulbiferum, dentatum, fragile, and
CY'TISUS. (From Cythrus, one of
the Cyclades, where one of the species
was first found. Nat. ord., Leguminous
Plants [Fabacese]. Linn., IQ-Mona-
Shrubs and trees. Readily increased by
seeds ; choice kinds are grafted or budded upon
the Laburnum ; common garden soil.
GREENHOUSE AND STOVE EVERGREENS.
C. e'legans (elegant). 3. Yellow. Cape of
Good Hope. 1821.
fi'lipes (thread-stemmed). White. March.
glomei-a'tus (crowded). 3. Zanzibar. 1826.
la'niger (woolly). 2, Yellow. June. Spain.
ri'gidus (stiS-spined) . 6. Yellow.
nubi'genus (cloud-born). 6. Yellow. May.
proli'ferus (proliferous). 2. Yellow. April.
HARDY DECIDUOUS, &C.
C. jEo'licus (Eolian). 7. Yellow. May. Strom-
flo're pie' no (double - flowered).
White. May. England.
fo'liis variega'tis( variegated-leaved).
Yellow. May. Gardens.
a'lbidus (white). 4. White. June. South
a'lbus (white. Portugal Laburnum}. 8.