White. May. Portugal. 1752.
incarna'tuti(f]esh-coloured), 8. Flesh.
May. Portugal. J752.
lu'teus (yellovfrflowered}, 8. Yellow
alpi'nus (alpine. Scotch Laburnum}. 30.
Yellow. June. Europe. 1596.
arge'nteus (silver-leaved}. 3. Yellow. Au-
gust. France. 1/39-
Austri'acus (Austrian). 3. Yellow. July.
biflo'rus (two-flowered). 3. Yellow. May.
calyci'nus (large-ca.lys.ed}. 2. Yellow. Au-
gust. Tauria. 1820.
capita'tus (round-headed). 3. Yellow.
July. Austria. 1774.
cilia' tus (hair-fringed). 3. Yellow. July.
elonga'tus (long-branched}. 4. Yellow.
May. Hungary. 1804.
-falca'tus (sickle-shaped}. 3. Yellow. July.
grandiflo'rus (large-flowered). 4. Yellow.
June. Portugal. 1816.
-hirsu'tus (hairy). 5. Yellow. July. South
Labu'rnum (common Laburnum). 15. Yel-
low. May. Switzerland. 1596.
fo'liis variega'tis (variegated-
leaved). 15. Yellow. May.
fru' grans (fragrant). 15. Yellow.
quercifo'lius (Oak-leaved). 15,
urale'nsis (Ural). May. Russia.
leuca'nthus (white-flowered). 4. Pale yellow.
June, Hungary. 1806.
mo'llis (soft). 4. Yellow. June. 1818.
multiflo'rus (many-flowered). 4. Yellow.
June. Europe. 1818.
microphy'lla (small-leaved). 2. Yellow.
na'nus (dwarf). l2 Yellow. May. Levant.
ni'gricans (black-roofed). 3. Yellow. June.
orienta'lis (eastern). 3. Yellow. June.
South Europe. 1818.
pa' tens (spreading). 4. Yellow. June.
poly'trichus (many-haired). l. Yellow.
June. Tauria. 1818.
purpu'rens (purple-flowered). 3. Purple.
June. Austria. 1/92.
albiflo'rus (white-flowered). 2.
White. June. Austria.
pygmee'us (pygmy). lp Yellow. June.
racemo'sus (raceme-flowered}. 3. Yellow.
July. 1835. Evergreen.
rhodophe'na (beautiful). 2. Yellow. May.
Euthe'nicus (Russian). 3. Yellow. June.
scopa'rius (common Broom). 6. Yellow.
a'lbus (white-flowering}. 6. White.
flo're pie' no (double-flowered). 6.
Yellow. April. England.
fo'liis variega'tis (variegated-leav-
ed). 6. Yellow. April. Gardens.
sessiliflo'nis (stalkless-flowered). 6. Yellow.
July. Italy. 1629.
C. spino'sus (spiny Broom}. 2. Yellow. June.
South Europe. 15(j5. Evergreen.
supi'nus (supine) . 1. Yellow. June. South
Europe. 1755. Trailer.
triflo'rus (three-flowered). 4. Yellow. June.
.Welde'nii (Baron Welden's). 10. Yellow.
April. Dalmatia. 1840.
pro'cerus (lofty). Yellow. June.
: sero'tinus (Vale-flowering). Yellow.
July. Hungary. 1826.
so'rdidus (mean). Yellow, purple.
CZA'CKIA. (After Czack, a Eussian
botanist. Nat. ord., Lily worts [Lilia-
ceee]. Linn., Q-Hexandria 1-Mono-
United to Anthericum, which see for culture.
C. lilia'strum (Liliaster). l. White. May.
South Europe. 1629.
DACRY'DIUM. (From dakru, a tear ;
referring to the resinous drops, glands,
or exudations. Nat. ord., Taxads
[Taxacese]. Linn., 2l-Mona>cia 10-
Decandrla. Allied to Podocarpus and
D. taxifolium is tie kakaterro of the natives ;
its young branches, like those of the Norway
Spruce, afford a beverage of the same qualities
as spruce beer. Greenhouse evergreens. Cut-
tings of firm young wood, in sand, under a
glass; peat and loam. Summer temp., 60 to
75 ; winter, 35 to 45.
C. cupre'ssinum (Cypress-like). 60. New Zea-
ela'tum (lofty). 20. Pulo Penang. 1830.
exce'lsum (tall). New Zealand.
Frankla'ndii(Frxri\Lla.n&'s. HuonPine). 100.
Jlfa'(Mai). New Zealand. 1843.
taxifo'lium (Yew-leaved). New Zealand.
DACTYLICA'PNOS. (From daktylos, a
finger, and kapnos, fumitory, literally,
fingered-fumitory ; tendrils being fin-
ger-shaped. Nat. ord., Fumeworts
[Fumariacese]. Linn., 17-Diadelphia
Greenhouse perennial climber. Seeds in
slight hot-bed in March ; cuttings under a
glass in April ; sandy loam. If kept over the
winter, requires the protection of a cold pit.
D. thalictrifo'lia (Thalictrum-leaved). 3. Yel-
low, brown. August. Nepaul. 1831.
DJE'MIA. (Its Arabic name. Nat.
ord., Ascleplads [ Asclepiadaceae] . Linn.,
b-Pentandria ^JMgynia. Allied to
; Stove evergreen twiners, with white flowers,
blooming in July. Cuttings of firm side shoots,
I in sandy soil, under a glass, and in bottom heat,
! in April ; peat and loam, both fibry, with a little
! silver sand. Summer temp., 60 to 85: winter,
| 50 to 55.
I D. hi' color (two-coloured). 6. E. Indies. 1806.
corda'ta (heart-leaved). 10. Arabia. 1824.
exte'nsa (extended). 3. East Indies. 177".
sca'ndens (climbing). 10. Gambia. 1824.
DA'FFODIL. Narci'ssus pse'udo-nar-
DA'HLIA. (Named after Dahl, a
Swedish botanist. Nat. ord., Composites
[Asteracese]. Linn., IQ-Syngenesia 2-
Hardy perennial tubers. Division of the
tuberous roots ; cuttings when they have grown
three or four inches in length, in the spring, and
inserted in light sandy soil, with a little bottom
heat, and hardened off by degrees ; seeds for
insuring the different species ; fresh rich light
soil. The roots, after the stems are cut down
by frost, must be taken up and plunged in dry
D.Barke'riee (Miss Barker's). 2. Blush.
August. Mexico. 1838.
Cervante'sii (Cervantes). Scarlet. August.
croca'ta (rusty). Scarlet. July. Mexico.
anemonteflo'ra (Anemone-flowered) .
30. Light. September. Mexico. 1830.
frustra'nea (barren rayed). 6. Scarlet.
October. Mexico. 1802.
aura'ntia (orange-coloured), 6.
Orange. October. Mexico. 1802.
.1 cro'cea (saffron). 6. Yellow.
October. Mexico. 1802.
lu'tea (yellow). 6. Sulphur.
October. Mexico. 1802.
glabra'ta (smooth). 3. Lilac. July. Mex-
scapi'gera (/orcg'-flower-stemmed). 2. White.
June. Mexico. 1837.
supe'rflua (superfluous). 6. Purple. Oc-
tober. Mexico. 1789.
DAHLIA AS A FLORISTS' FLOWER.
The innumerable varieties in our gar-
dens are the descendants of D. super-
Propagation : by Cuttings. The time
for striking these extends from Feb-
ruary to August. The young shoots
that spring from the bulbs make the
best cuttings, and are the most sure to
grow ; but the young tops taken off at
a joint will strike root and form small
bulbs even so late as August, and often
are more sure to grow in the spring
following, if kept in small pots, than
roots that have been planted out late.
This more particularly applies to new
C 315 ]
varieties. If the shoots on the old
bulbs are numerous, or there appears
many buds ready to start, the shoots
that have grown three inches long may
be slipped off with the finger close to
the bulb ; but if the shoots are few, or
only one, they must be cut off so as to
leave two buds at the base of the shoot
to grow again. The cuttings, or slips,
must be put in pots filled with light
earth, with a layer of pure white sand
on the surface and placed in a gentle
hotbed. If the pot of cuttings can be
plunged in coal ashes, or other mate-
rial, the cuttings will strike the sooner ;
water very moderately and carefully,
and shade from bright sun. They
will strike root in a fortnight or three
weeks, and should be immediately pot-
ted in 3f -inch pots, and kept close for a
few days, till they make a few more
roots. They may then be placed in
a cold frame, shaded from the sun,
and protected from frost and wet. Pot
them again into 4^-inch pots, before
the roots become matted, and then
begin to give air daily, and keep them
By Division. The roots may be di-
vided from the crown downwards, taking
care to have a bud or two to each divi-
sion. Pot them, if too early to plant
out, or plant the division out at once
in their places, but not earlier than the
middle of April.
By Seed. Save the seed from such
double flowers as are partially fertile,
having bright distinct colours and good
form. Gather it as soon as ripe, and
hang the pods up in a dry place.
When the scales of the pod turn brown
separate the seeds, dry them in the
sun in the morning only, and when dry
store them in a dry room. Sow them
in March, in shallow pans, and trans-
plant the seedlings singly into small
pots. As soon as the frosts are passed
plant them out a foot apart every way,
and allow them to flower. All bad-
shaped or dull-coloured throw away ;
there is no hope of their improving by
culture. Such as have good-formed
petals and bright colours, though not
perfectly double, may be kept another
year for a further trial ; and such as
are excellent should be propagated
from the young tops to preserve the
kinds, as the old root might perish.
Soil. The dahlia requires a rich,
deep, friable soil ; and, as the branches
are heavy and brittle, a sheltered situ-
ation should be chosen, neither too low
nor too high. The ground should be
trenched, if it will allow it, eighteen
inches or two feet deep, a good coating
of well decomposed dung spread on
the surface after the trenching is com-
pleted, and immediately dug in one
spit deep. Lay the soil so mixed up in
slight ridges, to be levelled down just
Summer Culture. Prepare the plants
for planting out by constant and full
exposure when the weather is mild.
The season for planting is as soon as
there is no fear of any more frost. To
grow them fine, and to obtain high
colours, they should have plenty of
room between each plant five feet
apart every way for the dwarf growing
kinds, and six feet for the tall ones,
will not be too much. It is a good
method to have the places for each
marked out, by driving in the stakes in
the exact places first, and then there is
no danger of the stakes injuring the
roots. As late frosts might possibly
occur, it is safer to cover the plants at
night with clean empty garden pots of
a sufficient size to cover them without
touching the leaves, until all fear of
frost has subsided. When the plants
have obtained a considerable growth,
cover the surface round each plant with
some half-rotted littery stable dung ;
this will preserve them from drought,
and afford nutriment when the plants
Tying is a very important opera-
tion. As soon as the plants are high
enough they should be tied to the
stakes with some rather broad shreds
of 'soft bass matting, and the side
shoots must also be secured by longer
pieces of matting, to prevent the winds
and heavy rains from breaking them
off. It may sometimes be necessary
to place three or four additional stakes
at a certain distance from the central
one, to tie the side branches to. The
best kind of stakes are the thinnings
of larch plantations. They should be
[ 316 ]
stout, and six or seven feet long, at
least. As the plants grow, if the
weather is hot and dry, abundance of
water should he supplied.
Protecting the Flowers. This will he
necessary if intended for exhibition.
Caps of oiled canvass stretched upon a
wire frame are very good for the pur-
pose ; even a common garden pot turned
upside down is no bad shelter. They
may easily be suspended over each
flower by being fastened to a stake, and
the flower gently brought down and
tied to the stake under them. The
best shade, however, is a square box
with a glass front, and a slit at the
bottom to allow the stem of the flower
to slide into it, and thus bring the
flower within the box. The flower
then has the advantage of light and
air, and is still protected from the sun,
wind, and rain.
Winter Culture. As soon as the
autumn frosts have destroyed the tops
of the plants, cut down the stems and
take up the roots immediately. If the
roots come up clean out of the ground,
they will only require gently drying,
and may be stored at once in some
place where they will be safe from
frost. If the soil clings much to the
tubers, these should be washed and
dried, and then stowed away. The
place should not only be free from
frost, but from damp also, yet not so
dry as to cause them to shrivel up too
much. It is a good plan to have two
or three of each kind struck late and
kept in pots through the winter, but
the soil must be perfectly dry before
they are put to rest, and no wet or
frost allowed to reach them. A good
place for them is to lay the pots on one
side under the stage of a greenhouse.
In these winter quarters they must be
frequently examined, and all decaying
roots or stems removed.
Insects. In the early stages of
growth, the great pest to the dahlia is
the slug. Watering with clear lime-
water, is the best article to destroy
them, or a dusting of quick-lime in
dewy mornings will be useful ; a circle
of lime round each plant will be a good
preventive, and also a carefully gather-
ing up very early in the morning of
these vermin will greatly reduce their
numbers. When the plants are in
flower, the earwig is almost sure to
attack them, and frequently in one
night will disfigure the finest and most
perfect bloom, and render it unfit for
exhibition. Traps must be set to catch
them. Small garden-pots with a little
hay or moss put in them, and then
turned upside down upon the stakes,
is a good trap for them. They should
be examined every morning, and the
insects in them destroyed. Dried bean-
stalks are also a good trap ; place them
among the branches, and the insects
will creep into them as a hiding place.
Also, as they feed chiefly in the night,
take a lantern at that time, and ex-
amine every flower.
Preparing for exhibition. Cut the
flowers the night before, and if they
are to be conveyed a considerable dis-
tance, have a box or boxes made with
water-tight tin tubes securely fixed in
the bottom, to hold water; pass the
stem of each flower through a plug of
wood with a hole in the centre, just
wide enough to allow the stem to pass
through it, and just thick enough to fit
like a cork into the tin tube. Make the
flower quite firm in the wooden plug,
and let the lid of the box be so elevated
as not to touch the flower.
DA'IS. (From dnio, to heat ; re-
ferring to the causticity of the bark.
Nat. ord., Daphnads [Thymelacete].
Linn., 10-Decndria \-Monogynia. Al-
lied to Mezereon.)
Greenhouse evergreen. Seeds sown in slight
hot-bed in March; cuttings of half-ripened
shoots, or of the roots, in April, in sand, under a
glass, and with a little heat; peat and loam.
Summer temp., 55 to /5; winter, 40 to 45.
D. cotinifo'lia (Cotinus-leaved). 10. White,
green. June. Cape of Good Hope.
DAISY (Bellis perennis). There are
many double varieties of this hardy
perennial ; some white, others crimson,
and many variegated. A more curious
variety is the proliferous or Hen and
Chicken Daisy. They all will flourish
in any moist soil, and almost in any
situation. They bloom from April to
June. Propagated by divisions, the
smallest fragment of root, almost, en-
ables them to grow. To keep them
[ 317 ]
double and fine, they require moving
occasionally. Planted as an edging
round the Kanunculus bed, their roots
tempt the wire worm from those of the
DALBE'RGIA. (Named after Dalbery,
a Swedish botanist. Nat. ord., Legu-
minous Plants [Fabaceae]. Linn., 17-
Diadt'Iphia k-Decandria. )
The wood of D. Sissoo is remarkable for its
excellence. East Indian stove evergreen trees,
almost all with white flowers. Cuttings of firm
young shoots in March, in sand, under a glass,
and in a little bottom heat ; fibry peat and turfy
loam, with a portion of sand. Summer temp.,
60 to 85 ; winter, 50 to 55.
D. Barcla'yi (Barclay's). 15. Blue. Mauri-
frondo'sa (fronded). 30. 1818.
margina'ta (bordered). 20. 1823.
Ougeine'nsis (Ougein). 30. 1820.
panicula'ta (panicled). 30. 1811.
rimo'sa (chinky). 20. 1823.
rubigino'sa (rusty). 10. 1811.
sca'ndens (climbing). 20. 18J2.
Si'asoo (Sisso). 30. 1820.
tamarindifo'lia (Tamarind-leaved). 15. 1820.
Telfa'irii (Telfair's). 15. Mauritius. 1823.
volu'bilis (twining). 20. 1818.
DALECHA'MPIA. (Named after Dak-
champ, a French botanist. Nat. ord.,
Euphorbiads [Euphorbiacefe]. Linn.,
2l-Moncccia l-Monandria. Allied to
Stove evergreen climbers, with yellowish green
flowers. Cuttings a little dried at their base
before insertion into sandy soil, under a hand-
light, in April ; peat and loam. Summer temp.,
60 to 85 ; winter, 50.
D. brasilie'nsis (Brazilian). 6. July, Brazil.
ficifo'lia (Fig-leaved). 6. July. Brazil. 1820.
sca'ndens (climbing). 12. June. West
DALIBA'KDA. (Named after Dallbard,
a French botanist. Nat. ord., Rose-
irorf.s [KosaceseJ. Linn., 12-Icosandria
2-Di-pcntagynia. Allied to Potentilla.)
An Alpine or rock plant. Division ; light
sandy soil ; a sheltered, dry place, or the pro-
tection of a cold pit in winter.
D. violecoi'das (Violet-like). . White. May.
North America. 1768.
DAMASO'NIUM. Plants of no interest
to the gardener, belonging to a small
group of fresh water plants, singular
for flowering under water, except at the
time of fertilization, when the flowers
rise above the water for a few hours.
The group is called Hydrocarads, but
these Damasoniums are now referred
to the genus Ottelia, allied to Stra-
DAME'S VIOLET. He'speris matrona'lis.
DA'MMARA. The Dammar Pine of
New Zealand, the Kawrie of the na-
tives. (Nat. ord., Conifers [Coniferre].
Linn., %\-Moncecia \Q-Monadelphia.}
The finest masts are now prepared from the
D. Australis for our navy ; it also yields a brittle
resin-like copal. Cuttings of young, ripe, firm
shoots, inserted in sand in the spring, in a
gentle bottom heat, under a bell-glass ; loam
with a little sand. Summer temp., 55 to 80;
winter, 38 to 45.
D. Austra'lis (southern. Cowdie Pine}. 200.
New Zealand. 1821.
orienta'lis (eastern). 50. Amboyna. 1804.
DAMPIE'RA. (Named after the cir-
cumnavigator, Capt. W. Dampicr. Nat.
ord., Goodeniads [Grooderiicese]. Linn.,
5-Pentandria l-Monoyynia. Allied to
Greenhouse herbaceous perennials, with blue
flowers ; from New Holland. Division ; and
cuttings of young shoots in sand, under a glass ;
peat and loam. Summer temp., 55 to 75 >
winter, 38 to 45.
D. ala'ta (winged-leaved). May. 1842.
corona 1 ta (crowned-cowered) . May.
cunea'ta (wedge-/mm). May.
fascicula'ta (bundle-flowered). May. 1841.
lavendula'cea (Lavender-leaved). 1843.
linea'ris (narrow-leaved). 1840.
ovalifo'lia (oval-leaved). . July. 1824.
stri'cta (upright). 1. July. 1814.
tc'ris (round-leaved). June.
DAMPING OFF is a name applied by
gardeners to an ulceration of the stems
of seedlings, and other tender plants.
This ulceration arises from the soil and
air in which they are vegetating being
kept too moist or damp. Flower seed-
lings are especially liable to be thus
affected ; and, to prevent this, one third
of the depth of the pot should be filled
with drainage, and the soil employed,
instead of being sifted, allowed to re-
tain all moderately sized stones. The
seeds should be sown very thinly,
pressed down, and a little white sand
be sprinkled over the surface, because
this is not easily disturbed by watering,
and is not a medium that retains mois-
ture to the neck of the seedlings, where
dampness most affects them. A pot of
sand should be kept hot, and whenever
symptoms of the disease appear, a little
whilst hot sprinkled on the soil.
DAN.E'A. (Named after P. M. Dana,
who wrote on the Flora of Piedmont.
[ 318 ]
Nat. ord., Daneeaioorts [Danreacea 1 ].
Linn., 24:-Cryptogamia I-FUices.)
This small order consists of fern-like plants,
and for all the purposes of cultivation may be
considered as ferns. Stove herbaceous peren-
nial. Divisions ; peat and loam. Summer
temp., 60 to 90; winter, 48 to 55.
D. ala'ta (winged). West Indies. 1823.
DA'PHNE. (So called after the fabled
nymph of that name. Nat. ord., Daph-
nads [Thymelacese]. Linn., S-Octandria
Extreme causticity is the general property of
the Daphnads the Spurge Laurel and Meze-
reum particularly so. Seed for most of the spe-
cies, especially of the D. laureola, or Spurge
Laurel ; used as a grafting stock for most of the
rarer and tender kinds. As the seed is two
years in vegetating, it is usual to keep it some
time in sand in a heap. D. Cneorum and other
dwarf kinds, especially if at all trailing, are
generally propagated by layers in summer. A
close pit for grafting the finer kinds in March
or April is an advantage. Most of them like a
good proportion of sandy peat, but the deci-
duous Mczereum prefers pure loam. The Odora
and Odora rubra are nearly hardy in the climate
of London, but farther north they require the
cold pit or greenhouse.
D. Fortu'ni (Fortune's). 3. Lilac. February.
Meze'reum (Mezereon). 4. Pink. March.
- > a'lbum (white-lowered). 4. March.
autumna'le (autumnal). 4. Red.
ru'brum (red-flowered). 4. Pink.
D. Alpi'na (Alpine). 2. White. June. Italy.
Alta'ica (Altaic). 3. White. April. Siberia.
Austra'lis (southern). 3. Pink. April.
Cneo'rum (Garland-flower). 1. Pink. July.
-fo'liis variega'tis( variegated- leaved) .
1. Pink. April.
grandiflo'rum (large-flowered). 1.
colli'na (hill). 3. Purple. March.
Gni'dium (Gnidium). 2. White. July.
Laure'ola (Spurge Laurel). 6. Green. Feb-
Neapolita'na (Neapolitan). 2. Purple.
March. Naples. 1822.
oleoi'des (Olive-like). 2. White. Crete.
po'ntica (Pontic). 4. Green, yellow. April.
4. Pink. August. Pontus.
C.pube'scens (downy). 3. ' ; Yellow, April.
seri'cca (silky). 2. White. April. Crete.
stria'ta (streaked). 2. Purple. May.
Ta'rton-rai'ra (Tarton-raira). 3. White.
June. France. 1640.
tomento'sa (shaggy). 2. White. June.
Asia. 1800. Half-hardy.
Thymelai'a (Wild Olive). 3. Yellow. March.
viridiflo'ra (green-flowered). Green. Nepaul.
GREENHOUSE EVERGREENS, &C.
D. Auckla'ndii (Lady Auckland's). 2. Hima-
layas. 1841. Stove.
Chine'nsis (Chinese). 4. Yellow. May.
Indi'ca (Indian). 4. White. June. China.
ru'bra (red). Purplish Pink. China.
Japo'nica (Japan). 2. Pink. Blarch. Japan.
odo'ra (sweet-seen ted). 3. Pink-white. July.
ru'bra (red). 4. Pink. April. China.
variega'ta (variegated). 4. White.
October. Japan. 1800.
papyra'cea (paper). 4. White. May. Ne-
tinifo'lia (Tinus-leaved) . 6. Jamaica. 1773.
DARE'A. (Named after Dar, a bota-
nist. Nat. ord.., Ferns [Polypodiaceffi].
Linn., 2-Cryptogamia I-Filices. Allied
Stove ferns requiring the same treatment a
D. ala'ta (winged). Brown. July. West Indies.
bulbi'ferum (bulb-bearing). 1. Brown. June.
New Zealand. 1820.
cicuta'rium (Cicuta-like). 1. Brown. June.
West Indies. 1820.
diversifo'lia (various-leaved). 2. Brown.
March. New Zealand. 1831.
myriophy'lla (1000-leaved). Brown. July.
rhixo'phorum (root-bearing). 1. Brown.
July. Jamaica. 1793.
rhizophy'llum (rooting-leaved). jj. Brown.
June. North America. 1680.
ruteefo'lia (Rue- leaved). Brown. July. West
sea 'ndcns (climbing). Brown. July. Isle
vivi'parum (viviparous). 1. Brown. June.
DARWI'NIA. (Named after Dr. Dar-
win, author of The Botanic Garden.
Nat. ord., Frinyc-Myrtks [Chamfelau-
ciacecpi]. Linn., W-Decandria 1-Mono-
i/!/iti'i. Allied to Genetyllis.)
Greenhouse evergreens from New Holland.
Cuttings of young shoots, in sand, under a bell-
[ 319 ]
flass ; peat and loam, both fibry, and with sand,
ummer temp., 55 to 75 ; winter, 38 to 45.
C.fascicula'ta (fascicled). 29. Red. June.
taxifo'lia (Yew-leaved). 29. White. June.
DASYSTE'MON. (From dasys, thick,
and stemon, a stamen. Nat. ord., House-
keks [Crassulacese]. Linn., 5-Pentan-
dria 5-Pentagynia. Allied to Crassula.)
Hardy annual. Seeds in April ; sandy loam.
D. calyci'num (\eafy-calyxed~). White. June.
DATE PALM. Phce'nix.
DATE PLUM. Dlospy'rus.
DATU'EA. Thorn Apple. (From its
Arabic name Tatorali. Nat. ord., Night-
shades [Solanacere]. Linn., 5-Pentan-