culture see Caryophyllus.
E. balsa'mica (balsamic). 15. Jamaica. 1816.
bmifo'lia (Box-leaved). 4. May. West
elli'ptica (oval-fruited). 8. July. New
South Wales. 1790.
floribu'nda (bundle-flowered). 5. West
fra 1 'grans (sweet-seented). 10. April. Ja-
glanduli'fera (glanded). 10. East Indies.
Java'nica (Javanese). 10. Java. 1823.
latifo'lia (broad-leaved). 10. Guiana. 1793.
macroca'rpa (large-fruited). 20. East Indies.
obova'ta (reversed -egg -leaved). Isle of
obtusifo'lia (blunt-leaved). 10. East Indies.
pulche'lla (pretty). 10. East Indies. 1824.
rugo'sa (wrinkly). East Indies. 1824.
Sinemarie'nsis (Sinemaria). 4. June. Guiana.
EULO'PHTA. (From eulophos, hand-
some crested ; referring to the hand-
some lip or labellum, furrowed into
elevated ridges. Nat. ord., Orchids
[Orchidacese]. Linn., 2Q-Gynandria
l-Monandria. Allied to Galeandra.)
A family of those forms of orchids, which,
like our British species, derive their nutriment
from the ground, and hence are called ground
or terrestrial orchids. An Indian species of
Eulophia furnishes from its tuberous roots the
nutritive substance called salep. Division
of the plant when in a state of rest, just as fresh
growth commences^ peat and loam, both fibry,
and well drained ; well watered when growing,
kept nearly dry when resting. Summer temp.,
60 to 80 6 ; winter, 45 to 55. Those from
Sierra Leone and East Indies require a few
E.barba'ta (bearded). 1. July. Cape of
Good Hope. 1825.
Guinee'nsis (Guinea). 1. Purple, brown.
September. Sierra Leone. 1822.
longico'rnis (long-horned) . 1 . July. Cape of
Good Hope. 1825.
macrosta'chya (large-spiked). 2. Yellow,
green. October. Ceylon.
squa'lida (squalid). Dingy. July. Manilla.
EU'MERUS ^ENE'US. Brassy Onion fly.
Mr.Curtis says the maggots are brown-
ish, and are very rough from a multitude
of rigid bristles, especially towards the
tail. The fly itself is of a reddish ochre
colour, freckled with dark brown, and
there are two spiny processes like short
horns upon the thorax, in the female
at least. It is densely clothed with
short hairs, thickly and distinctly punc-
tured, and of an olive-green colour,
with a brassy tinge; the antennae
(feelers) are entirely black, the seta
naked ; the face is very hairy, simply
convex, and silvery white; eyes dark
brown, and slightly hairy; rostrum
very short; thorax with two whitish
lines down the back. The maggots of
this fly do not seem to be confined to
the onion, for Mr. Curtis bred one in
the middle of May from cabbage roots,
and specimens have been taken flying
about hedges in June and July, in the
neighbourhood of London and Bristol.
As it often happens, the female has not
been observed depositing her eggs ; the
spot that she selects is therefore yet
unknown. Drought does not suit them.
EUNO'MIA. (From eu, well, and no-
mos, arranged ; referring to the dispo-
sition of the leaves in pairs and twin
[ 376 ]
.seeds. Nat. ord., Criicifers [Brassi-
cacere]. Linn., l^-Tch-adi/namia. Allied
to Lepidiuni. )
Half-hardy evergreen. Seeds, under a glass,
in spring ; cuttings, under a glass, in summer ;
common sandy soil ; requires the protection of
a pit, in most places, in winter ; may be treated
as an Alpine.
E. oppositifo'lia (opposite-leaved). 1. White.
July. Syria. 1827.
EUO'NYMUS. The Spindle Tree.
(From eu, good, and onoma, a name;
literally of good repute. Nat. ord.,
Spindle-trees [Celastracete]. Linn., 5-
Pentandria 1 - Monogynia. )
Interesting trees and shrubs in autumn, their
opening capsules looking very beautiful when
other things are losing their attractions. Seeds
may be sown either in autumn or spring ; cut-
tings of ripe young shoots may be planted in a
border in autumn ; common soil. The Ame-
rican species require a moist situation. Those
from Nepaul, though from a high altitude, have
not been proved quite hardy, though it is pre-
sumed they would in many places ; protect
them in winter.
E. Chine'nsis (Chinese). 4. Pink. May. China,
echina'tus (prickly). 10. White. May.
Nepaul. 1824. Deciduous.
grandiflo'rus (large-flowered). 8. White.
June. Nepaul. 1824.
Hamiltonia'nus (Hamilton's). 20. White.
June. Nepaul. 1825.
Japo'nicus (Japanese). 6. Pink. July.
- macula' tus (spotted). 6. Pink.
July. Japan. 1836.
- - variega'tus (variegated). 6. Pink.
July. Japan. 1836.
America 'nus (American). 6. Pink. June.
North America. 1683.
angustifo'lius (narrow-leaved). 6. Yellow,
red. June. North America. 1806.
ntropurpu'reus (dark-purple). 6. Purple.
June. North America. 1756.
Europa'us (European). 15. White. June.
- fo'liis varieffa'tis (variegated-
leaved). 15. White. May. Britain.
fru'ctu-u'lbo (white-fruited). 12.
White. May. Britain.
latifo'lius (broad-leaved). 15.
na'nus (dwarf). 4. White. May.
fimbria'tus (fringed). Green. May. Japan.
latifo'lius (broad-leaved). 10. Green. June.
lu'cidus (shining). 7. White. Nepaul.
obova'tus (reversed-egg-/eaed). 3. Pink.
June. North America, 1820.
ti'ngent (etainiDg,\ Green, Jpn,
i E. veluti'nm (velvety) . White. June. Cau-
I vermco'sus (warted). 6. Green. May.
ELTATO'RIUM. (Named after Mlfhri-
| dates Eupator, king of Pontus, who
: discovered one of the species to be an
' antidote against poison. Nat. ord.,
I Composites [Asteraceae]. Linn., 10-
i Synqene&ia \-JKqualis.')
Stove shrubs and under shrubs, by cuttings,
in sand, under a bell-glass ; peat and loam ;
stove, greenhouse, and hardy herbaceous plants,
by division, as fresh growth is commencing:;
common soil. Usual stove and greenhouse
E. Berteroia'nitm (Bertero's). White. Au-
gust. Guadaloupe. 1830.
Ivtufo'lmm (Iva-leaved). 3. Pink. Sep.
tember. Jamaica. 1794.
macrophy'llum (large-leaved). 4. White.
July. Jamaica. 1823.
panicula'tum (panicled) . 6. Pink. August.
South America. 1818.
I ScJriedea'num (Schiede's). White. June.
E. cane'scens (hoary). 3. Purple, yellow.
chamadrifo' Hum (Germander-leaved). 1.
Blue. August. South America. 1822.
Da' lea (Dalea-like). 6. Pink. August.
floribu'ndum (bundle-flowered). l. Blue.
July. South America. 1823.
odora'tum (sweet-scented). 3. Pink. August.
tetrago'num (four-sided). White. Mexico.
Xalape'nse (Xalapa). 3. White. July.
E. Ageratoi'des (Ageratum-like). 4. White.
August. North America. 1640.
alti'ssimum (tallest). 5. Pink. September.
North America. 1699.
aroma'ticmn (aromatic). 4. White. July.
North America. 1739.
cannabi'num (Hemp-like Agrimony}. 4.
Pink. July. Britain.
coronopifo'lium (Coronopus-leaved). 3.
White. August. Carolina. 1824.
ftenicula'ceum (Fennel-leaved). 4. Pale
yellow. August. North America. ISO/.
Frase'ri (Eraser's). 1^. White. August.
hyssopifo'lium (Hyssop-leaved). 1. White.
August. North America. 1699-
lanceola'tum (spear-head-/ea?^d). 3. White.
July. North America. 1819-
macula'tum (spotted-stalked). 3. Purple.
July. North America. 1656.
~- perfolia'tum (pierced- leaf). 2. White. July.
North Amerka. 1699-
p6e'*fftn&own$*4. White. July.
[ 377 ]
E. purpu'reum (purple-s/rt/Ared). 5. Pink.
August. North America. 1640.
rotundifo'lium (round -leaved). 1. White.
July. North America. 1699-
sessUifo'iium (stalkless-leaved). 1. White.
September. North America. 1777-
Syri'anum (Syrian). 4. Purple. August.
trifolia'tum (three-leaved). 6. Purple.
August. North America. 1768.
trunca'tum (cut-off). l. White. Sep-
tember. North America. 1800.
vertirilla'tum vwhorl-teawed) . 5. Purple.
August. North America. 1811.
EUPE'TALOI. (From en, handsome,
and petalum, a petal ; referring to the
large handsome flowers. Nat. ord.,
Beyonlads [Begoniacesoj. Linn., 21-
Monrecla 7 ' -Heptandrla.)
Stove herbaceous perennial ; division of the
plant ; cutting of shoots when young, in sandy
soil, under a bell-glass; sandy peat and fibry
loam. Summer temp., 55 to 80; winter 45
E.jmncta'tum (dotted). Eose, scarlet. May.
EUPHO'RBIA. Spurge, or Milkwort,
(Named after Euphorbus, physician to
the king of Mauritania. Nat. ord.,
Spuryeworts [Euphorbiacese]. Linn.,
The unripe seed pods of E. lathyrus are the
British capers. A large family, widely differing
in their habits. Hardy annuals may be sown
in the open border, in April ; but with the ex-
ception of plumosa, and a few more, the rest
are not worth ground room. Even the tropical
annuals are little better; they require to be
raised in a hotbed and transplanted. Herba-
ceous perennials are chiefly hardy ; divisions of
the plant, and seeds ; sandy soil ; shrubs and
under shrubs chiefly require a dry stove and
warm greenhouse, and are propagated by seeds
and by cuttings, which should be dried at the
base before placing in any rough loose material.
The species which are firm and hard, require a
rich light loam, with a little peat ; those that
are very succulent, should have a large portion
of lime rubbish and broken bricks. Winter
temp., not much below 45. There are two
sub - evergreen shrubs, natives of England,
Amygdaloides and Charucias, both of which,
and especially the latter, do well for rockwork.
Spinosu, from the south of Europe, did well in
the Botanic Garden at Cambridge.
E.globo'sa (globular). 1. July. 1818.
Neapolita'na (Neapolitan). l. July. Na-
plumo'aa (feathery). July. 1816.
ru'bra (red). -. June. France. 1818.
serpyllifo'lia (Serpyllium-teaed). &. July.
South America. 1817.
Tau'rlca (Taurian). 1. June. Tauria. 1820.
vnriega'ta (variegated). September. Louisi-
E. hi'rta (hairy). . July. East Indies. 1818.
ophtha'lmica (opathalmic). . July. Rio
scordifo'lia (Scordium-leaved). . July.
E. aphy'lla (leafless). 1$. Teneriffe. 1815.
1 a'pios (pear-roo/rtT . . July. Candia. 1596.
i atropurpu'rea (dark-purple). 3. July. Te-
balsami'fera (Balsam-bearing). June. Ca-
frutico'sa (shrubby). 1. June. Sicily. 1824.
imbrica'ta (imbricated). 1. August. Por-
lee'ta (joyous). 1. June. 1758.
nummularicefo'lia (Moneywort-leaved). 4.
ornitJio'pHs (bird's-foot). 1. July. Cape
of Good Hope. 1816.
spathuleefo'lia (spatula-leaved). 2. August;
spino'sa (prickly). 2. June. Levant. 1710.
E. Ale'ppica (Aleppo). 1. July. Europe. 1820.
Erythri'na (Erythrina). I. July. Cape of
Good Hope. 1823.
margina'ta (bordered). 1. June. South
prunifo'lia (Plum -leaved). 2. August.
serra'ta (narrow saw - leaved") , 1. July.
South Europe. 1710.
E, anacampseroi'des (Anacampseros - like) 1 .
9. April. East
biglandulo'sa (twin-glanded). 3. Bourbon.
Bo'jeri (Bojer's). 4. Scarlet. November.
| bractea'ta (bracted). l. August. 1809.
I Bryo'nii (Bryony-like). Scarlet.
S bupleurifo'lia (Bupleurum- leaved). 1$. Au-
gust. Cape of Good Hope. 1793.
; Canarie'nsis (Canary). 20. July. Canaries.
j caerule'scens (bluish). 3. June. Cape of
Good Hope. 1824.
I Caput Medu'sae (great Medusa-headed). 2.
August. Africa. 1/31.
pu'mila (dwarf). J. August.
Cape of Good Hope. 1768.
cereifo'rmis (Cereus- shaped). 2. April.
Cape of Good Hope. 1731 .
Commeli'ni (Commelin's). August. Africa.
cri'spa (curled). . July. Cape of Good
cucumeri'na (Cucumber -like), i. June.
Cape of Good Hope.
enneago'na (nine-angled). 3. June. Cape
of Good Hope. 1/90.
fructuspi'na (spine-fruited). 3- August.
Cape of Good Hope. 1731.
.. gemina'ta (tvt'm-branched). $,
August. Cape of Good Hope* J731,
[ 3T8 ]
E.fu'lgens (blazing). 4. Scarlet. August.
gra'ndidens (large-toothed). 5. July. Cape
of Good Hope. 1823.
grandifo'lia (large-leaved). 6. Sierra Leone.
Hawo'rthii (Haworth's). 1. May. Cape
of Good Hope. 1800.
heptego'na (seven-angled). 3. September.
Cape of Good Hope. 1731.
ru'bra (reA-spined) . 4. September.
Cape of Good Hope. 1731.
hy'strix (porcupine). 6. July. Cape of
Good Hope. 16Q5.
la'ctea (milky). 4. July. East Indies. 1804.
Lama'rkii (Lamark's). l. July. Cape of
Good Hope. 1808.
laurifo'lia (Laurel-leaved). 2. Peru. 1820.
linifo'lia (Flax-leaved). 2. West Indies.
linea'ris (nunovr-leaved). July. VeraCruz.
lopJtogo'na (crested-angled). 3. Madagas-
magnima'mma (large-nippled). 3. Mexico.
mammilla 'ris (nippled-<mg7ed). 2. July.
Cape of Good Hope. 1759-
melofo'rmis (melon-shaped). 2- July. Cape
of Good Hope. 1774.
myrtifo'lia (Myrtle-leaved). 2. July. Cape
of Good Hope. 1699.
odontophy'lla (tooth -leaved) . 5. Cape of
Good Hope. 1824.
officina'rum (shop). 6. June. Africa. 1597.
pe'ndula (hanging-down). 1. 1808.
procu'mbens (lying-down). . August. Cape
of Good Hope. 1768.
puni'cea (scarlet-flowered). 6. April. Ja-
repa'nda (wavy -edged). 2. August. East
sple'ndens (shining). 4. Scarlet. June.
Isle of France. 1826.
squarro'sa (spreading). $.
tetrago'na (four-angled). 4.
tubero'sa (tuberous). . July. Cape of
Good Hope. 1808.
uncina'ta (hooked). 2- July. Cape of Good
- verticilla'ta (whorled). August. West
E, amygdaloi'des (Almond -like). 2. April.
variega'ta (striped-/eawed). 2.
Chara'cias (Characias). 4. April. England.
dendroi'des (tree-like). . July. Italy. 1768.
E. angustifo'lia (narrow-leaved). 1. Yellow.
July. Trinidad. 1827-
Atla'ntica (Atlantic). 1. June. South Eu-
biumbella'ta (double-umbelled). 1. Bar-
ceespito'sa (turfy). *. July. Italy. 1820.
Corderia'na (Corden's). 1. May. South
E. denticula'ta (small-toothed). 1. June. South
du'lcis (sweet). 1. July. South Europe.
flavi'coma (yellow-haired). lj. July. South
longifo'lia (long-leaved). 1. June. Nepaul.
mult icory mho' sa (many corymbed). 1. July-
Portla'ndica (Portland) . 4. June. Britain.
purpura'ta (purpled). 1. June. France.
trunca'ta (cut-off). I.July. South Europe.
Valeria'nee (Valerian-teamed). 1. July. Si-
villo'aa (shaggy). 2. June. Hungary. 1820.
EUPHO'RIA. See Nephe'lhim.
ETJPHRA'SIA. Eyebright. (From
enphraino, to delight; fabled to cure
blindness. Nat. ord., Fig worts [Scro-
phularicese] . Linn., \-Didynamia 3-
Anyiospermia. Allied to Bartsia.)
Hardy annuals. Seeds, in March or April, in
the open border.
E. Alpi'na (Alpine). 1. Purple. July. Europe.
linifo'lia (Flax-leaved), f- Purple. August.
lu'tea (yellow). 14. Purple. August.
South Europe. 1816.
EUPOMA'TIA. (From en, well, and
2)oma, a lid ; the calyptra covering the
unexpanded flower like an extinguisher.
Nat. ord., Anonads [Anonacete]. Linn.,
1 2 -Icosan dria 3-Polygynia . )
Greenhouse evergreen shrub. Seeds in a
slight hot-bed in spring ; cuttings of ripened
shoots in sand, under a bell-glass ; sandy peat
and fibry loam. Winter temp., 40 to 45.
E. Lauri'na (Laurel-like). 4. Greenish yel-
low. New Holland. 1824.
EU'RYA. [From etirys, large; re-
ferring to the flowers. Nat. ord. Theads
[Ternstomiacere] . Linn., 2%-PoIyyamia
l-Moncecia. Allied to Freziera.)
Greenhouse evergreens. Cuttings of ripened
shoots in early autumn or spring, in sandy peat,
with a glass over them ; peat and loam, poth
fibry, with a portion of silver sand. Winter
temp., 40 to 48.
E. Chine'nsis (Chinese). 2. White. June.
multiflo'ra (many-flowered). 2. White.
ETTEYA'LE. (The name of one of
Ovid's Gorgons, whose heads he fabled
to be covered with vipers instead of
hair ; referring to the fierce aspect of
the plant in flower. Nat. ord., Water-
lilies [Nympheeacese]. Linn., 13-Poly-
[ 379 ]
andria 1-Monogyina. Allied to Vic-
The leaves of Euryale in the East Indies vie
with those of Victoria, but its flowers are incon-
spicuous. The seeds are eatable. Stove aqua-
tic. Seeds and divisions ; loamy soil, in a tub
set in water, and kept at a high temperature.
Summer temp., 60 to 80 ; winter, 55 6 to 60.
E.fe'rox (fierce). Red. August. India. 1809-
EURY'BIA. (From euribies, wide-
spreading ; referring to the roots. Nat.
ord., Composites [Asteracese]. Linn.,
IQ-Syngenesia 2-Superflua. Allied to
All the greenhouse species are from New
Holland. Division of the plant in spring, like
an autumn Aster; common soil. Usual green-
E- corymbo'sa (corymbed). 2. White. July.
North America. 1765.
E. aculea'ta (prickly-teawed). 2. White. March.
argophy'lla (white-leaved). 10. White.
chryso'tricha (golden-haired). 2.
erube'scens (blushing). 3. Red. May.
glutino'sa (clammy). Pale violet.
lyra'ta (lyre-leaved). 3. White. Septem-
ber. New South Wales. 1812.
myrsinoi'des (Myrsine-like). 3. Pale purple.
May. New Holland. 1835.
EI/RYCLES. (From curys, broad, and
Idas, a branch, referring to the broad
leaves or branch-like footstalks. Nat.
ord., Amarylllds [Amaryllidaceee].
Linn., Q-Hexandria 1-Monoyynia. Al-
lied to Calostemma.)
Store bulbs requiring rest in winter. Seeds,
but chiefly offsets ; light sandy loam and a
little vegetable mould, or very rotten cow-dung ;
watered and heat given when growing, drier
and cooler when resting. Summer temp., 55
to 80; winter, 45 to 55.
E. Amboine'nsis (Amboyna). 2. White. May.
Australa'sica (Australasian). 1. White.
May. New Holland. 1821.
EURY'COMA. (From eurys, large, and
home, a head of hair ; in reference to
fringe-like hairs on the ovary. Nat.
ord., Connarads [Connaracese]. Linn.,
Stove evergreen. For'culture see Co'nnarus.
E- loneifo'lla (long-leaved). 20. Purple. Suma-
ERYTHA'LIA. See Gentfa'na.
EUSTE'GIA. (From eu, good, and
stege, a covering ; referring to the
bracts. Nat. ord., Spurgeworts [Eu-
phorbiacese] . Linn., 6-Pentandria 2-
Digynia. Allied to Peplonia.)
Greenhouse evergreen trailer. Cuttings in
sandy soil, and by trailing runners ; peat and
loam. Winter temp., 38 to 45.
E. hasta'ta (halbert-Jeawecf) . 1. White. July.
Cape of Good Hope. 1816.
EUSTO'MA. [From eustoma, a beau-
tiful mouth ; referring to the opening
of the flower. Nat. ord., Gentianworls
[Grentianacese]. Linn., 5-Pentandria
l-Monogynia. Allied to Leianthus.)
Seeds sown in a slight hot-bed in March, and
transplanted into the border in May, and some
in the end of April. E. exaltatum by division,
and cool greenhouse treatment.
E. exalta'tum (tall). 2. Purple. July. Mexico.
1804. Greenhouse herbaceous.
Russellia'num (Russell's). Purple. August.
Texas. 1835. Hardy biennial.
Silenifo'lia (Silene-leaved). 1. White. July.
I. of Providence. 1804. Hardy annual.
EU'STREPHUS. (From eu, good, and
strepho, to twine; literally beautiful
twiners. Nat. ord., Lilyworts [Liliaceee].
Linn., Q-Hexandria 1-Monogynia. Al-
lied to Dianella.)
Half-hardy evergreen twiners, from New
South Wales, with pale purple flowers. Cut-
tings of firm young shoots, in early autumn or
spring, in sandy soil, under a glass; sandy
peat. They will bear the same treatment as
E. angustifo'lius (narrow-leayed). 3. July.
latifo'lius (broad-leaved). 3. June. 1800.
EUTA'SSA and Eutacta, synonyms for
Aurauca'ria Cunningha'mii and exce'lsa.
EUTA'XIA. (From eutaxia, modesty ;
referring to the delicate aspect of the
flowers. Nat. ord., Leguminous Plants
[Fabaceae]. Linn., 10-Decandria 1-
Monogynia. Allied to Dillwynia.)
Greenhouse evergreen shrubs from New Hol-
land. Cuttings of short young shoots, getting
firm at the base, in sand, under a bell-glass, in
April or May ; peat and loam in equal propor-
tions. Winter temp., 40 to 45. E.myrtifolia,
with a little protection, will do against a wall
E. Ba'xteri (Baxter's). 8. Yellow. 1830.
myrtifo'lia (myrtle-leaved). 1$. Orange.
pu'ngens (pungent). 4. Orange. May.
EUTE'RPE. (After Euterpe, one of
the nine Muses. Nat. ord., Palms
[Palmacece]. Linn., 2l-Moncecia 6-
Hexandria. Allied to Areca.)
[ 380 ]
Stove palms. Seeds; rich loam. Summer
temp., 60 to 85, and moist; winter, 50 to 60.
E. Carlbcp'a (Caribtean). 30. West Indies.
globo'sa (round-fruited'). 30. Mauritius.
monta'na (mountain). Yellow. Grenada.
Are'ca olera'cea and pisifo'rmis are
sometimes included erroneously in this
EU'THALES. (From en, well, and
lhaleo, to push or sprout. Nat. ord.,
Goodeniads [Goodeniaceae]. Linn.,
b-Pentandria 1-Monogynia. Allied to
A singular characteristic of Goodeniads may
be seen in the flower of Leschenaultia ; the
stigma is placed in the bottom of a cup or in-
dusium, and when the pollen is shed the cup
closes over the stigma ; whether it does so in
others, has not been recorded. Greenhouse
herbaceous perennials from New Holland. Cut-
tings of young shoots getting firm, in April or
May, or early in autumn; peat and loam.
Winter temp., 35 to 45.
E. macrophy'lla (large-leaved). 4. Yellow,
brown. July. 1839.
trine'rvis (three-nerved). 1. Purple, yellow.
EUTHA'MIA. See SoUda'go.
EU'TOCA. (From eutokos, fruitful;
referring to the abundance of seeds.
Nat. or A., Hydrophyte [Hydrophylacese].
Linn., b-Pentandria \-Monoyynia. Al-
lied to Nemophila.)
Hardy annuals and biennials from North
America. Seeds sown in the border in April,
or on a slight hotbed, and transplanted ; sow
or plant thinly, or the leaves will become
E. divarica'ta (straggling). Light violet. May.
Menzie'sii (Menzies's). Purple. June. 1826.
parviflo'ra (small-flowered). Blue. June.
vl'scida (clammy-haired) . 2. Brown, rose.
PFrag f e/io'a(Wrangel > s). 1, Blue. Au-
E. Frankli'ni (Franklin's). 1. Pink. May.
multiflo'ra (many-flowered). l. Pink.
seri'cea (silky). 1. Blue. June. 182/.
EUXE'NIA. (From en, beautiful, and
xenos, a stranger. Nat. ord., Com-
tiosites [Asteracese]. Linn., \$-Syn<i<.-nt'-
sia 5-Scyrepata. Allied to Petrobium,)
Greenhouse evergreen. Cuttings of young
shoots, in spring or autumn, in sand, under a
bell-glass; peat and loam. Winter temp . 40
to 48 b .
E. gra'ta (pleasant). 2. Yellow. Chili. 1825.
EVELY'NA. (Named after John
Evelyn, our first good writer on trees,
&c. Nat. ord., Orchids [Orchidacew].
Linn., '20-Gynandria \-Monandrla. Al-
lied to Bletia.)
Stove orchids, some of which are terrestrial,
and may be grown in loam and peat, like
Bletia ; the others in shallow baskets and blocks
of wood, with sphagnum moss. Summer temp.,
60 to 85 ; winter, 55 to 60; divisions.
E. bracte'scens (bracted). Red. July. Merida.
capita 'ta (headed). White. August. Sierra
columna'ris (columned). White, purple.
June. Sierra Neva.
ensa'ta (svrorA-leaved). Carmine. August.
flave'scens (yellowish). Yellow. May.
furfura'cea (purplish). Scarlet. June.
kermesi'na (carmine). Bright carmine. Ja-
lupuli'na (Lupine-like). Rose. August.
EVENING FLOWER. He 1 sperm.
EVENING PRIMROSE. (Eno'thera.
EVERGREENS are such plants as do
not shed all their leaves at any one
time during the year.
EVERGREEN THORN. Crata'yns pyra-
EVERLASTING PEA. La'thyrus tatifo'-
EVO'DIA. (From evodla, sweet scent;
referring to that of the leaves. Nat.
ord., Rueworts [Kutacere]. Linn., 4-
Tetrandrla \-Monoyymn. Allied to
Stove evergreen shrub. Cuttings of half
ripened shoots in sand, under a bell-glass, and
in bottom-heat, in April; light fibry loam.
Summer temp., 55 to 75 ; winter, 50 b to 55.
E. triphy'lla (three-leaved). 7- White. East