capi'llipes(h&iry-stalked). 1. White. Oc-
tober. Russia. 1838.
Gree'cum (Grecian). $. Purple. July.
Pe'rsicum (Persian). Yellow. July. Persia.
purpu'reum (Purple). 1. Purple. July.
'ru'brum (red). 1. Purple. July. Italy.
suave'olens (sweet-scented). 1. White.
July. North Europe. 1821.
Tcm'ric-um (Taurian). |. Yellow. July.
Vailla'ntii (Vaillant's). 2. Green. May.
GALL is a tumour formed in conse-
quence of the part being punctured by
an insect, the tumour becoming the
nidus of the insect brood. The Oak-
apple caused by the Cynips qnerci is a
familiar example ; as also are the
bunches of leaves, not unlike a rose, on
the Rose Willow, and the mossy tufts
on the twigs of the wild rose, and erro-
neously called Bedeyuar. These tufts
are caused by the Cynips rosai, another
species of gall-fly.
GALPHI'MIA. (An anagram of Mai- I
p'xjhia, to which it is nearly allied. ;
Nat. ord., Malpiyhlads [Malpighiacese],
Linn., 10-Decandria X-Trif/yttia.)
Stove evergreens from Mexico, with yellow
flowers. Cuttings of young shoots, firm but
not too old, in sand, under a bell-glass, and in
bottom-heat ; peat and loam. Summer temp.,
t>0 to 75 ; winter, 40 to 55.
G. glau'ca (milky-green). 8. 182Q.
glandulo'sa (glandcd). April. 1824.
hirsu'ta (hairy). September. 1824.
GAMMA MOTH. Just after sunset, in
October, and hovering round flowers',
maybe seen this moth (Noctaa gamma.}
It is called the Gamma Moth, because
about the middle of the upper wings,
but towards their inner border, there is
a silvery shining mark, like the Greek
letter gamma (7). The shape of this
mark has acquired to this insect another
name, the Y-Moth. The outspread
wings are about an inch across : the
upper ones gray- coloured, marbled with
brown, and shining ; the under wings
pale ash, with a brown edge ; the head
and throat brownish, edged with gray
lines ; the belly, or abdomen, yellowish
gray, tufted with brown hairs. In
October they deposit their eggs, and it
would be an aid to the warfare against
them to ascertain what plants they
select for this purpose. The eggs hatch
at various times from May to Septem-
ber, but chiefly during July. The
caterpillars proceeding from them are
green, beset with greenish single hairs ;
head brownish green; on the back and
sides three or fouryellowish white lines ;
feet twelve in number, and marked with
a yellow stripe. These caterpillars
commit great ravages, especially in the
south of England, upon our peas and
other garden vegetables; the best re-
medy for which is hand picking.
GANGRENE. See Canker.
GARCI'NIA. Mangosteen. (Named
after Dr. Garcia, an eastern traveller.
Nat. ord., Guttlfcrs [Clusiacea^]. Linn.,
\\-Dodfcandrla 1 -Monogynla. Allied to
Of all the fruits in the East, that of G. man-
gustana is the most highly extolled by Euro-
peans ; and the Gamboge from Siam is fur-
nished by G. Gambogia. Stove evergreen trees.
Cuttings of ripened shoots, in sand, under a
bell-glass, in a strong bottom-heat ; peat and
loanru Summer temp., 60 to 90, with moist
atmosphere ; winter, 60 to 65.
G. co'rnea (horny). 30. Yellow. East Indies.
[ 411 ]
G. Co'wa (Cowa). 20. Yellow, East Indies.
Gambo'gia (Gamboge). 30. Yellow. East
Mangosta'na (Mangosteen). 20. Purple.
GARDEN BALSAM. Justi'cia peclora'lis.
GARDEN BEETLE. In June and July,
a small, pretty beetle very often may be
found among the petals of white roses.
It is nearly half an inch long, and
rather less than a quarter of an inch
broad. Its wing-cases are reddish
brown, shining, and shorter than the
body; the body and head are dark
green, and the antennae reddish, having
at their ends a dark green club. This is
the garden beetle (Phyllope'rtha horti'-
cola and Melolo'ntha hortl'cola of some):
it feeds on the leaves of apples, pears,
and roses, gnawing them full of small
holes, and even transferring its attacks
to the young fruit of the apple. During
the latter part of July the female retires
into the earth for the purpose of there
depositing her eggs, from which the
grubs speedily are produced, and feed
upon the roots of plants. The only
mode of reducing the number of these
beetles is by searching for them during
the evening, when, if detected, they
stiffen their outstretched legs, and feign
death; but in the day they fly about
swiftly, and are captured with great
GAEDEN PEBBLE MOTH (Sco'pula
forficula'ris}. The perfect insect, says
Mr. Curtis, measures rather more than
an inch across, when its wings are
expanded. The upper pair are hazel-
coloured, with four stripes, two of which
are distinct, and the other faint; the
under wings as well as the body are
whitish, and on the former, near the
centre, there is a curved brown streak,
and another black on the margin. The
first brood of caterpillars occurs in May,
and the second in the autumn ; and
when very numerous they do consider-
able injury to cabbages and plantations
of horse-radish. The caterpillar is eight
or ten lines long, with the head of a
light brown colour, and the body is
yellowish green, with black longitudinal
stripes. Like other caterpillars, it may
be destroyed by being dusted with white
GARDENEE. The day is gone when
the spade and the blue apron were the
only appropriate devices for the gar-
dener; he must now not only have a
thorough practical knowledge of liis
art, but he must also have an intimate
acquaintance with its sciences. No
man can have stored in his mind too
much knowledge, but there are always
some branches of information of more
value than others ; of these, to the gar-
dener, there are none so important as
botany and chemistry botany, phy-
siological as well as classical chemis-
try, especially as applied to the exami-
nation of organic nature. The relative
duties between the gardener and his
master are embodied in that universal
rule do as you would be done by.
The head gardener is the superior of
the valet or butler, for his education
and knowledge are of a higher order.
The under gardeners, though necessa-
rily hardy, and the open air is their
appropriate whereabouts, should have
work assigned to them appropriate to
the clemency or inclemency of the
season ; for no men are more liable to
suffer early in life from rheumatism.
There are two golden sentences which
we would have always kept in mind by
a gardener :
1. Let all things be done orderly.
2. Be always ready to give an account
of your stewardship.
GARDENER'S GARTER. Aru'ndo.
GARDE'NIA. (Named after Dr. Gar-
den, an American. Nat. ord., Cincho-
nads [Cinchonaceae]. Linn., 5-Pentan-
Sweet-scented evergreen shrubs. Cuttings
of shoots half ripe, in sand, under glass, and in
a moist bottom-heat ; this moist heat, when
growing and when starting into bloom, is the
! very life of all the stove species. Even the
greenhouse kinds do best when pruned after
flowering, grown rapidly afterwards, if in a
moist atmosphere from decomposing material,
such as dung and leaves, all the better ; hard-
ened off and ripened by exposure to light and
air in autumn, rested in a cool and dryish atmo-
sphere in winter, and started into bloom in a
moist heat again, and then removed to the
greenhouse; peat and loam. Summer temp.,
60 to 85 ; winter, 45 to 55.
G. amae'na (pleasing). 4. Pink. July. China.
ang-ustifo'lia (mirrow-leaved). 3, White*
( At* 1
G.Jio'rida (flowery). 5. Pale yellow. August.
Fortu'ni (Fortune's double-flowered).
5. White. July. North China. 1844.
ple'na (double-flowered). 5. Pale
yellow. August. China. 1/54.
-si'mpllci (single -flowered). 5. White.
January. East Indies. 1831.
ra'dicans (rooting). l. White. June.
Rothina'niu. (Rothman's). 10. Pale yel-
low. July. Cape of Good Hope. 17/4.
spino'sa (spiny). 8. White. July. China.
Thunbe'rgii (Thunberg's). 6. White. Feb-
ruary. Cape of Good Hope. 17/3.
Q. armu'tn (armed). 10. White. July. West
campanula'ta (bell-flowered'). East Indies.
Devonia'na (Duke of Devonshire's). 6.
White. September. Sierra Leone. 1845.
dumeto'rum (thicket). 6. White. July.
East Indies. 1777.
fro! grans (fragrant). 4. White. East
latifo'lia (broad-leaved). 7. Pale yellow.
East Indies. 1787.
longisty'la (long-styled). 6. Green, white.
June. West Africa. 1845.
lu'cida (shining). 4. White. East Indies.
mellei'fera (clapper-bearing). 5. Cream.
monta'na (mountain). 8. White. East
ni'tida (shining-/et>erf). 3. White. Octo-
ber. Sierra Leone.
Pave'tta (Pavetta-like). 6. White. July.
East Indies. 1817.
Sherbou'rniee (Mrs. Sherbourne's). 3. White,
red. June. Sierra Leone. 1842.
Stanleya'nn (Stanley's. Earl of Derby's). 6.
White, spotted red. June. Sierra
GARDENING is the art of cultivating
and arranging plants, so as to obtain
from them the greatest amount of pro-
duce, and of beauty.
GARDEN ROCAMBOLE. A' Ilium ophi-
GARDEN SWIFT (Hcpia'lus hipuli'-
nits). The caterpillar of this moth
is more indiscriminate in its attacks
upon our plants than is any other
ravager of the garden. The roots of
auriculas, snowdrops, bear's-ear, par-
snips, lettuces, celery, potatoes, and
strawberries, have all been observed
destroyed by this larva. The moth,
usually, is chalky brown, head and
thorax woolly, and its upper wings dark
bright brown, with a broad Hue of white ;
I but sometimes this is absent, and at.
i other times the upper wings are chalky
white. These moths appear about tho
end of May, and are very abundant, in
the evening in meadows and other
grassy places. They deposit their
eggs apparently without discrimination,
which soon hatch, and the caterpillars
produced are cylindrical, and yellowish-
white, Avith black dots and hairs on the
upper part and sides of their segments.
The caterpillar changes to an ochreous
shining cylindrical pupa. Gard. Chron.
GARDO'QITIA. (Named after Oardo-
qiti, a Spaniard. Nat. ord., Labiates, or
Lipworls [Lamiaceffi]. Linn., 14-D/V?/-
nnm'ta 'l-Anyiospcrmia. Allied to Me-
Of all the Lipworts, there is not a greenhouse
rival to G. Hookeri when well grown. Green-
house evergreens, except 6. betonicoides, which
is herbaceous. Cuttings of half-ripened shoots,
in June, in sand, under a hand-glass ; peat and
loam, with a fair portion of sand, and pieces of
broken bricks and charcoal. Winter temp.,
40 to 48 ; a shady place in summer. They
should be tried against a wall, with a slight
protection in winter.
G. betonicoi'des (Betony-like). 3. Pink. Oc-
tober. Mexico. 1837.
di'scolor (two-coloured). Purple. June.
Gillie'sii (Gillies' s). 2. Lilac. June. Chili.
Hooke'ri (Hooker's). 2. Scarlet. June.
multiflo'ra (many-flowered). 1. Purple.
April. Chili. 1837.
GARLAND FLOWER. Plcnra'ndra cne-
GARLICK. A' Ilium sali'vwn. Grown
best in a light rich soil.
I'lantiny. It is generally propagated
by parting the root, but may be raised
from the bulbs produced on the stems.
Plant any time in February, March,
and early in April ; but the middle of
March is the usual time. A single
| clove to be placed in each hole, made
j six inches apart, and one deep, in
j straight lines, six inches distant from
each other, care being taken to set the
, roots downwards ; to do this it is the
! best practice to thrust the finger and
thumb, holding a clove between them,
to the requisite deptli without any pre-
vious hole being made. Keep them fre-
quently hoed, and in June the leaves are
to be tied in knots to prevent the plants
running to seed. A few roots may be ff.
taken np as required in June and July, !
but the whole must not be lifted until ' _
the leaves wither at the close of July,
or in the course of August. It is usual
to leave a part of the stalk attached, by i "
which they are tied into bundles, being >
previously well dried for keeping during
GAHJJC PEAK. Cratm'ra. , _
GA'RRYA. (Named after Mr. Garry,
of the Hudson's Bay Company, who ! _
facilitated Douglas's botanical re- _
searches in North West America. Nat.
ord., Garry ads [Garryaeese]. Linn.,
Hardy evergreen shrubs. Layers in the an- j
tumn, and cuttings toward the end of summer, '
in sandy soil, under a hand-light; sandy loam.
G. elli'ptica (oval-leaved). 6. Green. October.
laurifo'lia (Laurel-leaved). 6. White. Mex-
macrophy'lla (large-leaved). 6. Green. Mex-
Macfadyenia'na (Mac Fadyen's). 6. Green.
GARU'GA. (Its East Indian name.
Nat. ord., Ami/rids [Amyridaeeee].
Linn,, H)-Dccandria \-Mo)io<jynia. Al
lied to Boswellia.)
One of the frankencense trees so celebrated
in the east. Stove evergreen trees, with yellow
flowers ; cuttings of half-ripened shoots, in
sand, under a bell-glass, and set in a little
bottom-heat ; peat and loam. Summer temp.,
60 to 80 ; winter, 50 to 55.
G. Madagascarie'nsis (Madagascar). 50.' May.
pinna'ta (leafleted). 60. East Indies. 1808.
GAS-HEATING. If the flame is sup- j
plied with air by the aid of a small j
pipe communicating with the outside j
of the house, is enclosed in a small I
iron stove, and has the gases produced
carried away by a pipe, gas may be ;
employed for protecting greenhouse .
plants in winter. We have known a
small greenhouse, Hi feet by I'-ij thus !
protected by a single Argand burner.
GASTE'RIA. (From t/aster, a belly;
alluding to the swollen base of the ;
flowers. Nat; ord., Lilt/ irnrts [Liliaceeo]. ,
Linn., (i-Hcxandria l-Monogynta.}
Greenhouse evergreens from the Cape of Good
Hope, and all with red flowers, except where
otherwise specified. This genus ought to be
united to Aloe, which see for culture.
G. acinacifo'lia (scimitar-leaved). 3. Orange.
acinacifo'lia mi' nor (smaller). 1 2, Scarlet.
angula'ta (angled). 2. July. 1/91.
- - - mi'n-or (smaller). l. August. 1820.
angustifo'lia (narrow-leaved). 1^. June.
longifo'lia (long -leaved).
bi' color (two-coloured). 1. 1824.
brevifo'lin (short-leaved). 3. July. 1809-
1 peri'i'ridis (very green.) l. Scar-
let. July. 1820.
ca'ndicans (rough marble, white). 1. July.
carina'ta (roH#7t-keeled). 2. July. 1/31.
conspurca'ta (dirtied). 2. Jane. 1796.
crassifo'lia (thick-leaved). l. July. 1820.
deci'piens (deceiving). 2. Scarlet. July. 1820.
di'stichu (two-rowed). 2. Scarlet. July.
ma'jor (larger). 2. Scarlet. July.
ensifu'-lia (sword-leaved). 1. July. 1823.
ejccava'ta (excavated). l. 1824.
obli'qua (twisted-leafed). 1^. July.
fascia'ta (banded). l. July. 1820.
la'xa (loose). 2. Scarlet. July. 1820.
fonno'sa (beautiful). 2. Scarlet. July. 1820.
gla'bra (smooth-keeled). 3. July. 1/96.
mi'nor (smaller). 2. Scarlet. July.
intcrme'dia(rai&dle-tongued).2. July. 1790.
aspe'rrima (roughest-Zeaued). 2.
Ice'vior (smoother). 2. Scarlet.
lo'ngior (longer-Jeoi-ed). 2. Scar-
let. July. 1820.
lee'tejmncta'ta (lively-spotted). 2. Scarlet.
denticula'ta (small -toothed).
2. Scarlet. July. 1822.
iee'uis (smooth). l. July. 1820.
lini'ta (smeared). 2. Scarlet. July. 1820.
macula'ta (spotted). 2. Scarlet. July. 1759-
fa'lliix (fallacious). 2. Scarlet.
mo' His (soft-muddy-leaved). 1. July. 1823.
ni'gricans (dark). 2. July. 1790.
marmora'ta (marbled). ij. July.
ni'tens (shining). 2. Scarlet. July. 1820.
bre'vior (shorter-leaved). 2. Scarlet.
- ni'tida (shining). 1. July. 1820.
grandipuncta'ta (large-dotted). 1.
obtu'sa (blunt). l. July. 1820.
- obtusifo'lia (blunt-leaved). 1^. July. 1796.
pa'rva (small). 2. Scarlet. July. 1820.
-pi'cta (painted). 3. Scarlet. July. 1820.
-pluripuneta'ta (many-dotted). 2. Scarlet.
-pu'lchra (fair), 3. Scarlet. July. 1/59-
-re'pens (creeping-roofed). 1. July. 1821.
- rota'ta (netted). 2. Scarlet. July. 1820.
- strigu'ta (rigid). 2. Scarlet. July. 1820.
- subcarina'ta (obscure-keeled). 2. Orange.
viri'dior (greener). 2. Scarlet.
G. subni'gr leans (blackish). 2.' Scarlet. July.
gla'brior (smoother). 2. Scar-
stibverruco'sa (small-waited). 2. July. 1820.
2. July. 1820.
sulca'ta (furrowed). 2. Scarlet. July. 1820.
trigo'na (triangular). l. July. 1820.
undu'ta (waved). 2. Scarlet. July. 1820.
venu'sta ( lovely). 2. Scarlet. July. 1820.
verruco'sa (warty). 2. July. 1731.
GASTO 'NIA. (After Gaston dc Bourbon,
son of Henry IV. of France. Nat. ord.,
Ivyworls [Araliaceee], Linn., 11-Dode-
candria 5-Pentagynia. AlliedtoAralia.)
Stove evergreen shrub. Cuttings of shoots
getting firm, in April, in sand, under a bell
glass, and in bottom heat; peat and loam.
Summer temp., 55 to 75 ; winter, 48 to 55.
G.palma'ta (hand-/eauerf). 4. White, green.
March. Chittagong. 1818.
GASTROCHI'T/US. (From //roster, belly,
and cheilos, lip; in reference to the
swollen lip. Nat. ord., Gmgerivorts
[Zinziberacese]. Linn., 1-Monandria
1'Monogynia. Allied to Alpinia.)
Must not be confounded with Don's Gasto-
chilus, a synonyme of Saccolabium. Stove
herbaceous perennials. Divisions of the plant
as fresh growth is commencing ; sandy loam.
Summer temp., 60 to 80; winter, 50 to 55.
G, Jenkinso'nii (Jenkins's). 2. Orange, crim-
son. June. East Indies. 1841.
longiflo'rus (long-flowered). 2. Yellow, red.
July. East Indies. 1843.
pulche'rimus (prettiest). 2. Yellow, pink.
August. Rangoon. 1828.
GASTROLO'BIUM. (From (jasicr, belly,
and lobos, a pod ; inflated seed pod.
Nat. ord., Legurhinous Plant* [Fabacea:].
Linn., 10-Decandria \-Monogynia. Al-
lied to Eutaxia.)
Greenhouse evergreens, from Swan River,
and all with yellow flowers, except where
otherwise mentioned. Seeds sown in a hotbed
in Spring, after being soaked in warm water ;
cuttings of half-ripened shoots, in May, in
sand, under a bell glass ; peat and loam, both
fibry, with a portion of silver sand, and small
pieces of charcoal ; impatient of sour stagnant
soil. Winter temp., 40 to 45.
G. acu'tum (sharp-pointed). 1$. Yellow, red.
bilo'bum (two-lobed). 2. May. 1803.
caly'cinum (/arge-calyxed). April.
corda'tum (heart-shaped-teased)- May. 1841.
epacrioi'des (Epacris-like). 184/.
obova'tum (reversed egg-/ered). April.
oxylnbioi'des (Oxylobium-like). April. 1840.
retu'sum (blunt-/eiv?rf). 1^. Orange, scar-
let. May. 1830.
spathula' turn (spathulate-^twerf).
spinn'sum (spined). 3. April. 1840.
G. villo'sum (shaggy). 3. Red, crimson. May.
GASTRONE'MA. (From gaster, belly,
! and nema, a filament; in reference to
I the filaments seen below the point of
insertion. Nat. ord., Amaryllids [Ama-
ryllidacea}]. Linn., Q-Hcxandria \-Mo-
iw(/i/nia. Allied to Cyrtanthus.)
Dr. Burchell discovered the pretty bulb clam-
turn, and flowered it in an open border along with
other Cape rarities, but we believe the plant is
not to be had now in Europe ; its native place at
the Cape is in "fields beyond Camtours river."
Offsets ; sandy loam, fibry peat, and dried leaf
mould ; plenty of water when growing, and dry
when at rest. Winter temp., from 35 to 45,
or in border protected in winter.
G. clava'tum (club -leaved). . White. May.
Cape of Good Hope. 1816.
sangui'neum (blood-red). 4. Deep rose.
June. Caffraria. 1845.
GATEN or GATEK TREE. Co'rmis
GATHERER. The hand is the best
instrument for collecting fruit into the
basket, but to avoid the clanger and
breakage of branches incidental to using
long ladders, the following instruments
have been designed. No. 1 for apples
and other single fruit, No. ^ for grapes,
the stalk of which it severs and retains
in its grasp.
No. 1. No. X.
GATHERING. See Fruit-mom.
GAUDICHAU'DIA. (Named after C.
Gandichmtd, a French naturalist. Nat.
ord., Malpiy hiads [Malpighiacese].
Linn., 5-Pentandria \-Mono<jynia.}
Stove evergreen. Cuttings of ripe shoots in
summer, in sand, under a bell-glass, and in
bottom-heat ; peat and loam, with sand, and
pieces of charcoal to keep it open. Summer
temp., 60 to 75 ; winter, 50 to 55.
G. cynanchoi' dcs (Dog's-bane-like). 10. Yel-
low. Mexico. 1824.
GAULTHK'IUA. (Named after Dr.
Gaulthcr, a (Jaunadian. Nat. oi\L,
Heathworts [Ericaceae]. 10-Dccandria
\-Monogyniu. Allied to Pemettia.)
The oil of Wintergreens used to flavour drugs,
and also by perfumers, is obtained from the
berries of G. procumbens. Chiefly by layers and
seeds. Pnieumbens requires a moist peat soil ;
Shallon will grow in any soil. The fruit is
prized for its flavour so much by the natives,
that they make it into bread for winter use.
The greenhouse kinds require peat, and similar
treatment, with the exception of a temperature
from 35 to 45 in winter.
G. procu'mbcns (procumbent). . White. July.
North America. 1762.
Sfta'llon (Shallon). 4. White. May. North
G.anti'poda (antipodal). 6. White. New
bractea'ta (bracted). Red. July. Columbia.
corda'ta (heart-Zeayerf). White. May. Japan.
fra'grans (fragrant). 6. Purple, red. Ne-
GAU'RA. (From yaiiros, superb ; re-
ferring to the beauty of some of the
species. Nat. orcl., Onayrads [Ona-
gracesc]. Linn. S-Octandria \-Mono-
yynia. Allied to Stenosiphon.)
G. fruticosa may be propagated either by
seeds or cuttings ; the others, annuals, bien-
nials, and perennials, are all hardy, and may be
sown in April, and the perennials may also be
divided. Sandy rich loam suits them all.
G. angustifo'lia (narrow-leaved). 2. Pink.
bie'nnis (biennial). 5. Red, white. Sep-
tember. North America. 1762.
cocci'nea (scarlet). . Scarlet. September.
Louisiana. 1811. Perennial.
frutico'sa (shrubby). 3. Red,white. South
America. 1815. Stove evergreen.
muta! bilis (changeable). 2. Yellow. July.
North America. 1/95. Biennial.
another (Kfo'lia ((Enothera-leaved). l. Pur-
E'e. July. South America. 1816.
parviflo'ra (small-flowered). 4. Yellow.
August. North America. 1835. .Bien-
sinua'ta (twisted). Blush. July. North
America. 1826. Biennial.
tripe 1 tula (three-petaled). 1$. Pink. Au-
gust. Mexico. 1804. Annual.
GAYLUSSA'CIA. Named after M. Gay
Litssac, a celebrated French chemist.
Nat. ord., Cranberries [Y acciniacea;] .
Linn., IQ-Dccandria \-Monogynla. Al-
lied to Vaccinium.)
Cranberry-like half-hardy evergreens. Seed
and layers ; sandy peat, a little loam and leaf-
mould ; require the protection of a pit or the
greenhouse in winter.
G, pseudo-vacci'nittm (Bilberry-like). l. Rose,
red. May. Brazil. 1843.
ro'seu (rosey-flowered). Rose. May. Peru.
GAZA'NIA. From yaza, richness, in
reference to the large gaudy flowers.
Nat. ord., Composites [Asteracese].
Linn., \.$-8yngenesia S-Frustranca. Al-
lied to Gorteria.)
Natives of Cape of Good Hope. Cuttings of
side shoots, produced in abundance near the
base of the plant, in August, more sparingly in
spring, in sandy soil, under a hand-light ; peat
and loam, with a portion of sand. Winter
temp., 38 to 45.
G. ri'gens (stiff). 1. Orange. June. 1/55.
uniflo'ra (one-flowered). 1. Yellow. July.
G. heterophy'lla (variable -leaved). . Orange.
pavo'nia (peacock). !. Yellow. July. 1804.
subula'ta (awl-leaved). 1. Yellow. July.
GEISSOME'RIA. (From yeisson, a tile,
and meris, a part, referring to the way
the bracts are imbricated, or fall over
each other as tiles on a roof. Nat. ord.,
Acanthads [Acantliaceas]. Linn., 14-
Didynamia %-Anyiospe-rmiu. Allied to
Stove evergreen shrubs. Cuttings of shoots
getting firm, any time in summer, in sand,
under a bell-glass, and a sweet bottom heat ;
loam and peat, with sand and a little old cow-
G. auranti'ucu (orange-coloured). 2. Orange,
red. Autumn. 1848.
fu'lgida (brilliant). Scarlet. August. West
longiflo'ra (long-flowered). 3. Scarlet. July.
GEISSORHI'ZA. Tile Eoot. (From
f/eisso-n, a tile, and rhiza, a root, referring
to the dry coats which cover the fleshy