ANDRO'SACE. (From ana; a man,
and sakos, buckler ; in reference to the
resemblance of the anther to an an-
cient buckler. Nat. ord., Primeworts
[PrimulaceaB]. Linn., 5-Fctitanflria 1-
monogynia). A favourite family of small
alpine plants. All do best, though hardy,
grown in pots in peat and sandy loam,
and carefully watered ; increased by
seeds, and the perennials by cuttings or
root division. All are interesting plants
for the rock work in summer, and in win-
ter protected in frame.
A. elonga'ta (elongated). 1. White. April.
fiUfo'rmis (thread-like). 1. White. May.
macroca'rpa (large-capsuled). 1. White.
July. Siberia. 1827.
ma'xima (greatest). 1. White. April.
na'na (dwarf). 1. White. April. Den-
obtmifo'lia (blunt-leaved) . 1. Pink. April.
septciitriona'lis (northern). 1. White.
May. Russia. 1755.
r?raw'fe(stalkless). 1. White. July. Si-
alismoi'des (alisma-like). 1. White. Au-
gust. Siberia. 1820.
brevifo'lia (short-leaved). 1. White. May.
South of France. 1825.
lactiflo'ra (milk-flowered). 1. WTiite. Au-
gust. Siberia. 1806.
ca'rnea (flesh-coloured). 1. Flesh. July.
carina'ta (keel-shaped). 1. Yellow. April.
North America. 1826.
Chamaja'sme (bastard jasmine). 1. Pink.
July. Austria. 1768.
la'ctea (milk-white). 1. White. July.
lamigino'sa (-wooYLy-l caved). ^. Rose yel-
low. August. Himalaya. 1842.
linca'ris (linear -I caved). \. White. April.
North America. 1806.
villo'sa (hairy). Pink. June. Pyrenees. 1790.
ANDROS^'MUM. (From aner, man,
and haima, blood ; in reference to the
juice of the plant. Nat. ord., Tutsans
[Hypericacese]. Linn., \Q-Monadelphia
8-Polyandria). A hardy, herbaceous,
pretty perennial, readily increased by
seeds or root- division. Does well under
the drip of large trees.
A. officina'le (officinal). 2. Yellow. August.
ANDRY'ALA. (Of unknown meaning.
Nat. ord., Composites [Asteracese]. Linn.,
\Q-8yngcnesia, \-cequalis. Allied to Hiera-
tium). Both the greenhouse and hardy
species are rather pretty, and will grow
in any common soil ; they are increased
by seeds and root-division. All are hardy
except those otherwise described.
A. arffe'ntea (silvery). 1. Yellow. August.
Pyrenees. 1817. Biennial.
cheiranthifo'lia (stock-leaved). 2. Yellow.
June. Madeira. 1777. Greenhouse
crithmifo'Iia (samphire-leaved). 1. Yellow.
August. Madeira. 1778. Greenhouse
A. inca'na (hoary). 1. Yellow. June. Pyre-
nees. 1818. Biennial.
integrifo' lia (entire-leaved). 1. Yellow.
August. South of Europe. 1711. Bien-
nigrica'ns (blackish-flowered). 1. Yellow.
August. Barbary. 1804. Annual.
pinnati'fida (Pinnatind-leaved) . 1. Yellow.
July. Madeira. 1778. Greenhouse
Ragusi'na (Ragusan). 1. Yellow. August.
Archipelago. 1753. Greenhouse pe-
runclna'ta (runcinate). 1. Yellow. July.
South of Europe. 1711. Biennial.
ANEILE'MA. (From , not, and eilema,
involucrum ; in reference to the absence
of the involucrum. Nat. ord., Spider-
worts [Commelinaceae]. Linn., 3-Trian-
dria, l-tnonogynia}. All perennials and'
pretty little trailing plants, except A.
longifolia and A. sinica. They are in-
creased by seed and root-division ; soil,
loam, peat, leaf-mould, and sand.
A. affi'nis (similar). 1. Blue. August. New
Holland. 1820. Evergreen,,
biflo'ra (two-flowered). 1. Blue. August.
New Holland. 1820. Evergreen.
nudifto'ra (naked-flowered). 1. Blue. July.
East Indies. 1824. Biennial.
si'nica (Chinese). 1. Purple blue. May.
China. 1820. Herbaceous perennial.
splra'ta (spiral). 1. Blue. July. East
Indies. 1783. Evergreen.
A. acumina'ta (acuminate). 1. Blue. August.
New Holland. 1822. Evergreen.
cequinoctia' lis (equinoxial). 1. Blue. July.
Guinea. 1820. Evergreen..
ambi'gua (ambiguous). 3. Blue. July. Sierra
Leone. 1822. Herbaceous.
crispa' ta (curled-leaved). Blue. New Hol-
longl fa' lia (long-leaved). 1. Blue. July.
Mozambique. 1825, Herbacious pe-
nudicau'lis (naked-stemmed). 1. Blue. July.
East Indies. 1818. Evergreen.
serrula? ta (saw-edged). 1. Blue. July.
Trinidad. 1824. Evergreen.
ANE'MIA. (From aneimon, naked ; in
reference to the naked inflorescence. Nat.
ord., Ferns [Polypodeacese]. Linn., 24-
Cryptogamia, \-Filices). Stove herba-
ceous perennials allied to Schizoea ; soil,
loam and peat; readily increased by
seeds or root-division.
A. adiantifo'lia (maiden-hair-leaved). 3.
Brown. August. West Indies. 1793.
cocci'nea (scarlet). 1. Brown. August.
West Indies. 1830.
colli'na (Hill). 1. Brown. August. Brazil.
A.flexuo'sa (zig-zag). 1. Brown. August.
South America. 1831.
fraxinifo' lia (ash-leaved). 1. Brown. June.
hi'rta (ash-leaved). Brazil. June. West
Ursu'ta (hairy). 3. Brown. June. Ja-
hu'milis (dwarf). 1. Brown. July. North
lacinia'ta (laciniated). 1. Brown. August
West Indies. 1794.
lanceola'ta\ (lanceolate). 2. Brown. August.
West Indies. 1820.
longifo'lia (long-leaved). 1. Brown. Au-
gust. Brazil. 1831.
radi'cans (rooting). 1. Brown yellow. May.
re 1 pens (creeping). 1. Brown. May. Brazil.
tene'lla (slender). 1. Brown. May. West
PUlli'tidis (Phillitis-like). 1. Brown. June.
ANE'MONE. Wind flower. (From
anemos, the wind; inhabiting exposed
places. Nat. ord., Crowfoots \_Ranu-ncu-
Incece]. \3-Polyandria6-polygynia). They
are all hardy except A. capensis and A.
vitifolia, which require the protection of
a greenhouse in winter. These two are
propagated from cuttings under glass ;
the tuberous rooted from offsets ; and
the herbaceous from divisions of the
roots; and both from seeds. They all
require a light, rich, and well-drained
loam. All are hardy, except where stated
A. apenni'na (apennine). i. Blue. April.
baldefmis (Mount Baldo). L White. May.
casruflea (blue). 1. Blue. May. Siberia.
carolinia'na (Carolina). 1. White. May.
corona'ria (garland or poppy. A,). . Striped.
June. Levant. 1596.
ple'na (double-flowered). . Striped.
Fischeria'na (Fischer's). A. White. April.
Siberia. 1827. '
hort^mis (garden). . Striped. April. Italy.
minia'ta ( red-leaved-no wered). .
Red. May. Gardens.
lancifo'lia (lance-leaved). . White. April.
North America. 1822.
nemoro'sa (grove). . White red. April.
cceru'lea (blue-flowered). . Light
blue. May. Gardens.
-jlore-pid no (double-lowered). \.
White red. April. Britain.
palma'ta (palmated). L Yellow. May.
A. palma'ta fto' re-a' Ibido (whitish-flowered) . 3.
flo'rc-fla'vo (yellow-flowered) . .
Yellow. May. Portugal. 1597.
floreple'no (double-flowered). .
parviflo'ra( small-flowered). \. White. May.
North America. 1824.
pavoni'na (peacock-e?/e). 1. Red. April.
floreple'no (double-flowered). 1.
Red. May. Europe.
-fu'lgens (shining). 1. Red. May.
South Europe. 1818.
quinquefo'lia (five-leaved American wood}.
L White. April. North America.
ranunculoi' des (ranunculus-like). 3. Yellow.
refle'xa (reflexed). . Yellow. April. Siberia.
stella'ta pwpu'rea (purple-star-leaved). .
Purple. April. Italy. 1597.
umbella'ta (umbelled). 1. Blue. April.
A. a'lba (white), i.. White. June. Siberia.
alba'na (Albana). . White. May. Cau-
alpi'na (alpine). . White. Austria.
acutipe'tala (acute-petaled) . . Blue. May.
capefnsis (Cape). 1. Purple. April. Cape of
Good Hope. 1795. Greenhouse.
cdrnua (drooping). \. Red white. May.
dahu'rica. (Dahurian). J. Flesh. May.
deltoi'dca (triangular). White. May. Colum-
dicho'toma (forked). 1. Red Avhite. May.
North America. 1768.
Gavania'na (Gavan's). Nepaul. 1844.
Halle" ri (Haller's). \. Purple. April.
Hudsonia'na (Hudson's). L White. April.
North America. 1827.
japo'nica (Japan). 2. Rose. September.
longisca'pa (long-scaped). White. June.
North India. 1839. Half-hardy.
micra'ntha (smaU-flo wered). \. White pur-
ple. April. Austria. 1800.
monta'na (mountain). 1. Purple. June.
-multi' fida (many-cleft). 1. White. June.
narcissiflo'ra (narcissus-flowered). 1. White.
May. Siberia. 1773.
Nuttallia'na (Xutta.]l's). . White. July.
North America. 1827.
obsdleta (obsolete). $. Purple. May. Ger-
obtusifo'lia (blunt-leaved). White. June.
obtusilo'ba (blunt-lobed-leaved) . . White.
June. Himalaya. 1843.
pa 1 tens (spreading). 1. Light yellow. June.
A. pa'tens ochroleu'ca (yellowish white). 1.
Cream. April. Siberia. 1752.
pennsylra'nica (Pennsylvania!!) . 1. White.
May. North America. 1756.
prate' nsis (meadow). 4. Dark purple. May.
pulsati'lla (common pulsatilla). $. Violet.
a'lbida (whitish flowered). J.
Whitish. April. Germany. 1834.
ru'bra (rcA-flowered). Redish pur-
ple. May. Germany. 1834.
Richard so' nia (Richardson's). $. Yellow.
June. North America. 1827.
rlvula'ris (river). l-. White. June. North
siU'rica (Siberian). . White. June. Siberia.
Stella' ta (stax-Jbncered). White. . Italy.
sulphu'rea (sulphur-coloured}. 5. Sulphur.
May. Europe. 1816.
sylve'stris (woodi-snowdrop). |. White. May.
trifo'lia (three-leaved). |. White. April.
ura'lensis (Ural). J. Blue. May. Siberia.
verna'lis (spring). J. White. April. Switzer-
Yellow. April. South of Europe.
Virginia' na (Virginian). \. WTiite. May.
North America. 1772.
- grandiflo'ra (large flowered). 2.
White. June. Gardens. Greenhouse.
i-itifo'lia (vine-leaved). 3. White. Septem-
ber. Nepaul. 1829. Half-hardy.
The anemone, the florist's flower of our
gardens, is the offspring of the A. coro-
naria (poppy anemone), and A. hortensis.
Sprung from these there are annually
increased varieties. A variety lasts about
Characteristics of a good single anemone.
The stem strong, elastic, and erect,
not less than nine inches high. The
flower at least two inches and a half in
diameter, consisting of large, substantial,
well-rounded petals, at first horizontally
extended, and then turning a little up-
wards, so as to form a broad shallow cup.
The colour clear and distinct when diver-
sified in the same flower, or brilliant and
striking if it consists only of one colour,
as blue, crimson, or scarlet, &c.
A double anemone should have the
outer petals quite flat, the second series
a little shorter, the third shorter still,
and so on till the centre is quite full,
when the whole should form a rather
flat hemisphere. Every double flower
should be of one full colour.
Propagation. Offsets from the root,
and new varieties from seed.
By offsets all the best kinds should be
taken up annually at the decay of the
leaf, and the root divided at the time of
taking up, to allow the wound to heal,
into as many pieces or knobs as are fur-
nished with an eye or bud, observing,
however, that if they are divided very
small, they flower very weak the first
The time for taking up the roots is
May and June, when the leaf and stalk
are withered, for then the roots cease to
grow for a month or six weeks.
Take them up in dry weather, spread
in an airy place out of the sun for about
a week, then clear from earth, and store
in bags or boxes.
The seed. Sow from the best single or
semi-double flowers. Double flowers
Sowing. Make the beds in a sheltered
part of your garden, facing the south ; re-
move the old soil from the beds to the depth
of sixteen or eighteen inches. If it is low
and swampy, with a wet clay bottom,
drain well, and do not dig so deep ; if
high and dry, or with a sandy or gravelly
subsoil, you may go a little deeper.
Then put in from four to six inches of un-
mixed cowdung, such as might be gather-
ed up where these animals feed. Upon
this layer of dung place as much good
fresh loam as will raise the beds to their
former level, or a little higher. Make
the surface very fine, and then sow.
Anemone seed requires to be well rubbed
with the hand, either amongst some
sharp sand or finely sifted coal-ashes, to
separate the seeds. When the seed is
sown, cover it immediately with some
sifted, light, sandy soil, half an inch.
It will soon come up, and should be fre-
quently watered in dry weather. Beds
so made will flower the same year ; mark
the best, and preserve them for planting
the next year.
Time for planting is October, or early
in November, and the plants will come
into flower in April and beginning of
May ; but if some are planted in the
middle of September, and a second par-
cel towards the middle or latter end of
October, they will afford a succession of
bloom from the beginning of April until
tho middle of May ; and if a third plan-
tation is made in February or beginning
of March, they will come into flower
about the middle of May, and continue
until the middle of June.
Soil and site. The situation should be
thoroughly drained, and open to the
south. Any common moderately light
earth suits the anemone ; overmoist and
stiff soils rot the roots in winter. If
necessary to make a soil, proceed as de-
scribed for the seed-bed. Take maiden
loam from the surface of a pasture, the
top spit turf and all ; to every load of
this add one of cowdung, and half a load
of sea or drift sand ; blend the whole
together, and form it into a ridge, in which
let it remain a year at least, turning it
over once in two or three months. But
in default of pasture earth, a good com-
post may be formed of common light
garden soil and rotted cowdung, adding
to every load of the former half a load of
the latter, and about a quarter of that of
drift or sea sand ; and of either of which
composts the bed is to be formed ; make
it about twelve or fifteen inches in depth,
in and three feet and a half broad.
Planting in borders. Plant five roots
together, in a patch of five or six inches
in breadth, two or three inches deep.
Beds should be three feet and a half
broad, with alleys eighteen inches wide
between bed and bed; and fifteen or
eighteen inches deep ; break the earth
small, but do not sift it ; elevate the beds
three inches above the general surface,
but if there is danger of moisture stand-
ing in winter, double or treble that is a
proper height, working the whole a little
rounded, and after planting rake the
Plant six rows lengthwise, the roots at
six inches distance in each row, and two
The autumn plantation comes in leaf
in November; but as the plants are hardy,
nothing is needful to be done till the
bloom begins to appear, and then arch
the beds with hoops, to support mats, to
protect them from frost.
Forcing. Double anemones, potted in
September or in October, in some com-
post, as above particularized, may be
placed in a cold frame or pit, and watered
but sparingly until the following spring,
when they may be put into a warmer
place. They will not stand much forcing.
A second blooming may be obtained by
planting more roots in a similar way in
Mildew. This disease first appears as
pale spots on the under sides of the
leaves. These spots gradually rise into
tubercles, and a minute fungus bursts
through. This parasite is JEci' dium quad-
ri'fidum. Sea sand, or a little salt mixed
with the compost of the bed, is a good
preventive ; and sprinkling with sulphur
is the best remedy. Anemones are liable
to have distorted sivollen leaves, the cure
for which is to render the soil more free
from stagnant moisture.
ANE'THUM. (From ano, upwards, and
theOj to run ; in reference to its quick
growth. Nat. ord., Umbettifers [Apiacese].
Linn., 5-Pentandria 1-Digynia}. A ge-
nus of useful plants, succeeding well in
any common garden soil; all hardy,
readily increased by seed or root division.
A. S'oua (Sowa). 1. Yellow. July. East
grave 1 olens (strong-smelling, or dill). 3.
Yellow. July. Spain. 1570.
piper cf turn (peppered). 6. Yellow. July.
Fceni'culum (Fennel). 6. Yellow. August.
die Ice. (sweet). 4. Yellow. Au-
See Dill and Fennel.
ANGELICA. (In reference to its fabled
angelic virtues in medicine. Nat. ord.,
Umbellifers [Apiacese]. Linn., 5-Pentan-
dria 1-Dignia). Common water- side
perennial plants, of not much beauty as
garden plants. The only species requir-
ing notice here is the Common Angelica.
A. archatiffe'lica (archangel). 4. July. Green.
The stalks of this are cut in May for
candying. Formerly the stalks were
blanched for eating like celery. Soil and
Situation : Grows best in moist situations,
such as the banks of ponds and ditches.
Sowing : Sow soon after the seed is ripe,
about September, being almost useless
if preserved until the spring. Cultwaton :
Sow thin, in drills a foot asunder, and
half an inch deep. When five or six
inches high, the plants must he thinned
to a distance of at least two feet and a
half from each other. In the May, or
early June of the second year, they flower,
when they must he cut down, which
causes them to sprout again ; and if this
is carefully attended to, they will con-
tinue for three or four years. But if
permitted to run to seed, they perish soon
ANGE'LICA TREE. Ara'lia spino'sa.
ANGELO'NIA. (From angdon, its local
name in South America. Nat. ord.,
Fig worts [Scrophulariaceas], Linn., 14-
Didynamia '2-Angiospermia. Allied to
Hemitneris) . Pretty stove herbaceous
plants ; seed in heat, sown in February ;
division of the roots of several kinds and
cuttings of young shoots in April, in-
serted in sand under a bell-glass ; must
not be kept too damp; loam and peat.
Summer temp., from 60 to 70 ; winter,
55 to 60.
A. angustifo'lia (narrow-leaved). 1^. Deep
violet. June. Mexico. 1846.
cornigcfra (horn - bearing) . 1. Purple.
August. Brazil. 1839.
floribu'nda (many-flowered). 1. Purple.
August. Brazil. 1839.
Gardne'ri (Mr. Gardner's). 1. Purplish
white. May. Pernambuco. 1838.
ffrandiflo'ra (large-flowered). 1. Purplish
white. May. Pernambuco. 1838.
minia'ta (crimson). 1. Purplish white.
May. Pernambuco. 1838.
salicarifpfo'lia (willow-leaved). 1. Light
blue. August. S. America. 1818.
ANGIA'NTHUS. (From aggos, vessel,
and antlios, a flower. Nat. ord., Compo-
sites [Asteraceas]. Linn., \$-Syngenesia
5-segregata.} A pretty greenhouse her-
baceous plant ; division of the root ; seed,
and cuttings under a bell-glass. Summer
temp., 50 to 70 ; winter, 40 to 50.
A. a'urens (golden). 1. Yellow. July. New
ANGIO'PTERIS. (From aggeion, a ves-
sel, andjstfms, a wing. Nat. ord., Ferns
[Polypodiaceae]. Linn., 1^-Cryptogamia
\-filices). A stove fern, cultivated like
A. eveftica (evetic). June. Brown. Island
ANGO'PHORA. (From aggos, a vessel,
and phero, to bear, in reference to the
shape of the fruit. Nat. ord., Myrtk-
blootns [Myrtaceae]. Linn., \1-Icosandria
4-Polyginia). This is the most natural
order of plants, and no blue flower has
yet been found to belong to it. Green-
house evergreen shrubs ; cuttings under
a bell-glass ; loam and peat. Summer
temp., 50 to 65 ; winter, 45.
A. cordifo'liu (heart-leaved). 6. Yellow. Au-
gust. New Holland. 1789.
lanceola'ta (lanceolate-leaved). 6. Yellow.
August. New Holland. 1816.
ANGR^E'CUM. (From angureJc, the
Malayan term for air-plants. Nat. ord.,
Orchids. [Orchidaceffi]. Linn., 2Q-Gy-
nandria \-monandrid). By offsets in
spring, sphagnum moss, and broken pot-
sherds, and pieces of wood ; kept moist
and hot when growing in summer ; cool
in winter ; hot and dry when coming
into bloom. Summer temp., 70 to 85 ;
winter, 55 to 60.
A. apicula'tum (apiculated) . L White. Sierra
armeni'acum (apricot - coloured flowered).
Yellowish pink. Sierra Leone. 1838.
ashante'si (Ashantee). \. Cinnamon. June.
biltfbum (two-lobed). |. White. Septem-
ber. Cape Coast. 1841.
cauda'tum (tail-lipped). 1. White green.
August. Sierra Leone. 1834.
caule'scens (stemmed). 1. Green white.
September. India. 1834.
clandesti'num (concealed -flowered). \.
Green white. September. Sierra Leone.
di'stichum (two-rowed leaved). |. White,
September. Sierra Leone. 1834.
ebufrneum (ivory - lipped). 1. White. Ja-
nuary. Madagascar. 1826.
micro! 'nthum (sTnall-floiiiercd). . White.
Sierra Leone. 1834.
odorati' ssimum (very sweet-scented). White.
Sierra Leone. 1832.
ornithorhtf nchum (bird's-beak). White.
pellu'cidum (transparent). . White. No-
vember. Sierra Leone. 1842.
pertufsum (broken). . White. October.
Sierra Leone. 1836.
polystachy'um (many-spiked). Peru. 1840.
subula'tum (awl-shaped). White. Sierra
teretifo'lium (straw-leaved). White. Sierra
ANGUILLA'RIA. (From anguitta, an
eel, in reference to the twisted seeds.
Nat. ord., Melanths [Melanthaceae].
Linn., Q-Hexandria S-Trigynia. Allied
to Veratrum.} Herbaceous plants, re-
quiring a little protection in winter ;
division of roots, and cuttings, under a
hand-light ; peat and loam.
A. biglandulo'sa (two-glanded) . 1. Purple
May. New Holland. 1826.
dioi'ca (Dioecious). 1. Purple. May
New South Wales. 1826.
Tndica (Indian). 1. Dark purple. June
ANGULO'A. (In honour of Angulo, a
Spanish naturalist. Nat. ord., Orchids
[Orchidaceae]. Linn., 2Q-Gri/nandria 1-
monogynia). Stove orchids, requiring the
same culture as A.ngr<Kcum.
A. Clowefsii (Clowes'). 1|. May. Yellow
and white. Columbia. 1842.
. flo'ribus fla'vls (Clowes' straw-
coloured). 1^. May. Pale yellow. 1845.
grandifltfra (large - flowered) . 1. July.
South America. 1823.
Ru'ckeri (Rucker's). 1J. May. Yellow
and crimson. 1845.
supe'rba (superb). Crimson and purple.
uniflo'ra (one - flowered) . May. Cream-
coloured. Peru. 1843. There is a
variety of this with pink flowers.
ANGU'RIA. (One of the Greek names
for the cucumber. Nat. ord., Cucurbits
[Cucurbitaceae]. Linn., 2\-Moncecia 2-
Diandria). Tropical evergreen climbers ;
seed and cuttings ; peat and loam. Sum-
mer temp., 65 to 75 ; winter, 55 to
A. Mackaya'na (Mackay's). 1847.
peda'ta (pedate). 20. Yellow. July. South
triloba'ta (three-lobed). 20. Pink. July.
trifolia'ta (trifoliate). 10. Yellow. July.
St. Domingo. 1793.
unibro'sa (shady). 10. Yellow. July.
South America. 1827.
A'NIA. (After a Roman beautiful
widow. Nat. ord., Orchids [Orchidaceae].
Linn., 1-Gynandria \-monogynia).
A, bicornis (two-horned). J. March. Yellow-
green. Ceylon. 1841. Cultivated
ANIGOZA'NTHOS. (From anoigo, to ex-
pand, and anthos, a flower, in reference
to the branching expansion of the flower-
stalks. Nat. ord., Blood-worts [Hoamo-
doraceoa]. Linn., 6-Hexandria \-mono-
ffynia). Greenhouse herbaceous plants ;
division of the roots in spring ; loam one
part to three of peat. Summer temp.,
45 to 60 ; winter, 40 to 45.
A, cocci' nea (scarlet). 5. Crimson. July.
Swan River. 1837.
fla'mdus (yellowish - green flowered). 3.
Yellow. July. New Holland. 1808.
bi' color (two-coloured flowered).
3. Scarlet green. May. Swan River.
A. fuligino' .ins (sooty). 3. Yellow. June.
hit mills (dwarf). Brown. Swan River.
Mangle' sii (Mr. Mangle's). 3. Green.
May. Swan River. 1833.
angmtifo'lia (narrow-leaved). 3.
Green red. July. New Holland. 183G.
pulchefrrimits (beautiful). 2$. Yellow-
white. Swan River. 1840.
ru'fa (rusty). 2. Yellow red. June. New
ANIMAL MATTERS, without any excep-
tion, are beneficial as manures, for they all
yield, during piitrcfaction, gases and so-
luble substances that are imbibed greedily
by the roots of plants. That this is the
case affords no cause for wonder, because
animal matters and vegetable matters