RitsselUa'nus (Duke of Bedford's}. 3. Pur-
ple. July. Mexico. 1835. Biennial.
L. glaucifo'lius (milky-green-leaved). 2. Pur-
lutlfo'lius (broad-leaved). 4. Yellow. Au-
gust. Jamaica. 1821.
sple'ndens (shining). Red. June. New
Grenada. 1846. Trailer.
umbella'tus (umbelled). 6. Yellow. July.
LITHOSPE'RMUM. Gromwell. (From
litlios, a stone, and sperma, a seed.
Nat. ord., Borageworts [Boraginacere].
Linn., 5-Pentandria \-j\fonoyynia. Al-
lied to Eehimn.)
Annuals and biennials '"by seed, in common
garden soil, in April ; perennials by division,
seed, and cuttings of young shoots ; shrubby
species by cuttings, and by seeds, indeed, all
of them will soon multiply themselves by seeds,
in suitable places ; scabrum and distichum will
require protection in winter, and a little heath
soil joined to the loam.
HARDY ANNUALS, &C.
L. dispe'rmum (two-seeded). . Blue. June.
linea'tum (lined). 1. Purple. July. Greece.
tenuiflo'rum (slender-flowered), A. Blue.
May. Egypt. 1796.
L. graminifo'lium (Grass-leaved). 84. Blue.
May. Italy. 1825.
prostra'tum (lying-flat). 1. Blue. June.
France. 1825. Trailer.
rosmurinifo'lium (Rosemary-leaved). l.
Blue. September. Italy. 1833.
L. cane'scens (hoary). |. Orange. May.
North America. 1847.
di'tstichum (two-rowed). lj, Yellow, white.
May. Cuba. 1806. Half-hardy.
frutico'ftuiu (shrubby). 2. Blue. May.
South Europe. 1683.
officina'le (shop). 2. Yellow. June.
latifo'lium (broad-leaved). 2, Yel-
low. June. North America. 1825.
orienta'le (eastern). 2. Yellow. June.
purpu'reo - casru'leum (purplish - blue) . J .
Purple. May. England.
sca'brum (rough). 1|. White. September.
Cape of Good Hope. J822, Half-
L. strigo'sum (bristly). 1. Blue. July. Tauria.
tincto'rium (dyer's). 1J. Blue. Julj r .
South Europe. 1596.
villo'sum (shaggy). 1. Blue. July. South
LITHRF/A. (From lythron, black
blood ; referring to the juice staining
black. Nat. ord., Anacards, or Tere-
binths [Anacardiacero]. Linn., 5-JVw-
tandria ;l-Triyynia. Allied to Rhus.)
Greenhouse evergreen tree. See Rhm for
L. cau'stica (caustic). 40. Pale yellow. Chili.
LITQBRO'CKIA. (A commemorative
name. Nat. ord., Ferns [PolypodiacesB].
Linn., 2-L-Cryptoyamia 1-Filices.)
Stove ferns. See Ferns.
L, aculea'ta (prickly -stemmed), 10. Brown,
August. West Indies. 1793.
a'mpla (large). Brown, pale yellow. May,
auri'ta (eared). Brown, yellow. July.
Isle of Luzon.
dawaWo"rfes(Dayallia-like). Yellow. May,
decu'rrens (running-down). Brown, yellow.
denticula'ta (toothed). 2, Brown. July.
grandifo'lia (large-leaved). 2. Brown.
August. West Indies. 1/93.
Hamkeea'na (Haenck's). Brown, yellow,
Jtirsu'ta (hairy). 1. Brown. June. West
interme'dia (intermediate). Brown, yellow.
June. Isle of Luzon.
leptophy'lla (slender-leaved). 2. Brown.
July. Bra7.il. 1824.
macro'pteru (large-winged). Brown, yellow.
June. West Indies.
peda'ta (doubly-lobed). 1. Brown. June.
podophy'iltt (duck's-foot). Brown, yellow.
June. West Indies.
poli'ta (polished). 6. Brown, yellow. May.
splnulo'sa (spiny). Brown, pale yellow.
West Indies .
sple'ndens (shining). Brown, pale yellow.
June. West Indies.
vespertilio'nin (hat-winged}. 3. Brown.
May. New Holland. 1823.
LTTTJK'A. (Named after Duke of
Li/tu, near Milan. Nat. ord., AmaryUlds
[Amaryllidacese] . Linn., ft-Hexandria
I-Monoyynia. Allied to Agave.)
Greenhouse evergreen. Suckers ; sandy loam
and leaf-mould, and a little dried cow-dung.
Winter temp., 40 to 45.
L. geminiflo'ra (twin-flowered). 15. Green.
July. America. 1810.
LIVERY. Soil that is dug or moved
about >vhilst wet is liable to set close
[ 559 ]
together like mortar ; and is said to be
livery, or like liver.
LIVTSTO'NIA. (Named after P. Mur-
ray, of Livingston, near Edinburgh.
Nat. ord., Palms [Palmacese]. Linn.,
(t-Hexandria 3~Trigynia. Allied to
Greenhouse palms from New Holland. Seeds
in a hotbed ; rich sandy loam. Summer temp.,
60 to 80 ; winter, 50 to 60.
L. hu'milis (humble). 6. 1824.
ine'rmis (unarmed). 10. 1824.
LLOY'DIA., (Named after Mr. Lhyd,
an English botanist, Nat. ord., Lily-
ivotis [Liliacese], Linn., 6-Hexandria
l-Monogynia. Allied to Calochortus.)
Hardy biennial. Division of the bulbs in
spring ; a dry sandy loam, in front of a border
L. stria' ta (streaked). Wbjte striped
LOAM is a very indefinite term, al-
most every cultivator of the soil asso-
ciating it with a different explanation.
In some parts of England clay is so
called, and in others it is employed to
designate brick-earth .' As usually em-
ployed, it really is only synonymous
with the word soil ; for it has to be
qualified by the terms turfy, sandy,
clayey, and chalky, just as turf, sand,
clay, or chalk predominate. Hazel loam
is a rich friable soil, having a dark
brown or hazel colour, owing to the
predominance of decaying vegetable
In this work we use the term ham
to describe a soil that is easily worked
at any season, being sufficiently reten-
tive, yet not too retentive, of water.
Maiden, loam is used often among gar-
deners to describe the fat earth form-
ing the top spit of pasture ground, and j
used by them for composts that with
a yellowish-brown colour is most pre-
ferred. Sandy loams are the easiest
worked, and yield the earliest produce ;
chalky loams, if the chalk does not
abound too much, are early and fertile ;
in fact, no soil will continue fertile,
without calcareous matter ; and clayey
loams are bad to work, either in wet or
dry weather, being wet and sticky
the one case, and hard and cracking in
the other. Fine late crops, however,
are produced from such soils, especially
when the surface is moved to prevent
cracking in hot weather.
LOA'SA. (Meaning unknown ; pro-
bably a commemorative name. Nat.
ord., Loasads [Loasaceoe]. Linn., lfc<-
Po ly adelp h i a 2 -Po lyan dria . )
Curious flowers, that would be very interesting
were it not for the poisonous stinging property
possessed by the leaves. The annoyance and
danger combined have limited their culture.
They will all fare the better by being raised in
a gentle hotbed in April, though most of them
will flower freely if sown in a warm place the
end of that month ; but in a cold autumn they
would be cut down in their prime ; light soil.
L. a'lba (white). 1. White. July. Chili. 1831.
grandifto'ra (large-flowered). 2. Yellow.
hi'spida (bristly). 2. Yellow. July. Lima.
ni'tida (shining). 2. Yellow. July. Chili.
pa 1 tula (spreading). 1. Yellow, July.
Pla'cei (Place's). 4. Yellow. July. Chili.
volu'bilis (twining), ij. Yellow. June.
L. lateri'tia (red). 20. Red. May. Tucuman.
Pentla'ndii (Mr. Pentland's). 4. Orange.
August. Peru. 1840,
L. inca'na (hoary). 2. White. October.
lu'cidu (bright-leaved). White. June.
LOAVING. See Heading,
LOBE'LIA. (Named after M. Lolcl,
a botanist, physician to James the 1st.
Nat. ord., Lobeliads [Lobeliaceee].
Linn., b-Pentandria I-Monogynia.)
Seeds of hardy kinds in open border, in
April ; greenhouse annuals and biennials by
seed, in hotbed, in April; herbaceous kinds,
whether hardy or requiring protection, by di-
viding the roots, or suckers, in spring, after
growth has commenced ; shrubby kinds by
small cuttings of the young shoots, indeed, all
of them may be so propagated ; sandy loam,
leaf-mould, and a little peat suit the tcnderest
kinds, and for the strong-growing herbaceous
sorts, such as splendens, and cardinalis, it is
scarcely possible to make the soil too rich by
top-dressings of rotten dung ; the soil itself
should be light. The finest of the species must
be kept in a cold pit or greenhouse during the
winter ; lacustris has been grown in peat and
gravel, in a pot, plunged in a cistern, or slowly-
Li a'nceps (two-edged), i- Blue. June, Cape
of Good Hope. 1818.
[ 500 ]
L. campanula 'ta (hell -flowered). , Blue. I L.
June. Cape of Good Hope. 1821.
Cli/ortia'na (Clifford's), !. Pink. July. ,
^-fenestra'lis (windowed). . Blue. July, i
serrula'ta (saw-edged). . Blue. June.
L. bi'color (two-coloured), f. Pale blue. July.
Cape of Good Hope. 1/95.
"-gra'cilis (slender). 1. Dark blue. July.
New South Wales. 1801.
Laure'ntia (Laurentian). . Blue. July.
si' mplex (simple-stalked). . Blue. July.
Cape of Good Hope. 1794. Biennial.
L. ala'ta (winged-stalked), ij. Blue. June.
New Holland. 1804.
argu'ta (sharp-notched). 2. Blue, Sep-
tember. Chili. 1824.
bellidifo'lia (Daisy-leaved). . Blue. Sep-
tember. Cape of Good Hope. 1790.
Bridge'sii (Mr. Bridges's). 4. Pink. June.
c&ru'lea (blue). 14. Blue. June. Cape
of Good Hope. 1824.
campanula? des (Campanula-like). . White.
June. China. 1820.
Cardina'lis (Cardinal-jtfouw). 3. Scarlet.
July. Virginia. 1629.
Cavanillesia'na (Cavanilles's). 3. Red.
June. Spain. 1825.
coronopifo'lia (Coronopus-leaved). . Blue.
July. Cape of Good Hope. 1752.
crena'ta (scolloped-teawd). . Blue. April.
Cape of Good Hope. 1794.
decu'mbens (lying-down). . Blue. Oc-
tober. Cape of Good Hope. 1820.
denta'ta (toothed). 1. Blue. June. New
di'scolor (two-coloured). Blue. August.
Swan River. 1818.
Eri'nus (Erinus). . Blue. July. Cape
of Good Hope. 1752.
compa'cta (compact). ^. Blue.
. compa'cta a'lba (white-compact).
. White. June. Gardens. 1847.
. grandiflo'ra (large -flowered). .
Blue. June. Gardens. 1841.
lu'cida (shining). Blue, white.
fu'lgens (shining). 3. Scarlet. July.
. Marrya'ttce (Mrs. Marryat'a). 3.
Crimson, purple. May. 1847.
multiflo'ra (many - flowered). 4.
Scarlet. May. 184/.
pyramida'lis (pyramidal). 4. Scar-
let. May. 1847.
heterophy'lla (various-leaved). 2. Blue.
September. Van Diemen's Land. 1837.
ma'jor (larger). 3. Blue.
June. Swan River. 1840.
hirsu'ta (hairy). $. Blue. July. Cape of
Good Hope. 1759-
ig'nea (fiery). 4. Flame, June. Chili.
ilicifo'lia (Holly-leaved). . Pink, June.
Cape of Good Hope. 1815.
Krau'ssii (Krauss's). 1$. Blue. January.
mi'nima (least). l-12th. White. July. Cape
of Good Hope. 1800.
mo' His (soft). Purple. June. Dominica. 1828.
mucrona'ta (spine - pointed - leaved). 3.
Bright crimson. August. Chili. 1831.
multiflo'ra (many-flowered). Purple. June.
Swan River. 1838.
pedunmtla'ta (long- flower-stalked). 1. Blue.
October. New South Wales. 1819.
persicifo'lia (Peach-leaved). 1. Purple.
June. West Indies. 1824. Stove.
pube'scens (downy). . Blue. September.
Cape of Good Hope. 1780.
purpura'scens (purplish). 1. Blue. July.
New South Wales. 1809.
pyramida'lis (pyramidal). 4. Blue. Sep-
tember. Nepaul. 1822.
rugulo'sa (wrinkled). 2. Blue. June.
New Zealand. 1826.
senecioi'des (Senecio-like). 1. Blue. July.
New Holland. 1824.
seta'cea (short-bristled). . Blue. June.
Cape of Good Hope. 1816.
Si'msii (Sims's). 1. Blue. October. Cape
of Good Hope. 1819-
sple'ndens (shining). 3. Scarlet. June.
Texe'nsis (Texian). Scarlet. June. Mexico.
thapsoi'dea (Mullein-like). 6. Rosy, purple.
Organ Mountains. 1843.
Thunber'gii (Thunberg's). 1. Blue. Au-
gust. Cape of Good Hope. 1822.
trique'tra (triangular). 1. Blue. July.
Cape of Good Hope. 17/4.
umbella'ta (umbelled). 1. Blue. June.
Zey'lanica (Ceylon). 1. Blue. June.
East Indies. 1821.
L. assu'rgens (rising). 3. Scarlet. August.
West Indies. 1787.
begonicefo'lia (Begonia -leaved). . Pale
blue. June. Nepaul. 182".
decu'rrens (running-down). 3. Purple.
July. Chili. 1826.
gigante'a (gigantic). 14. Orange. August.
South America. 1828.
heteroma'lla (diversely-haired). Blue. 1829.
linea'ris (narrow-teamed). . Blue. Cape
of Good Hope. 1/91.
macula'ta (spotted). . White. May. New
odora'ta (fragrant). J. White. September.
Buenos Ayres. 1832.
pinifo'lia (Pine-leaved). 1$. Blue. June.
Cape of Good Hope. 1782.
purpu'rea (purple). 1. Purple. June.
Valparaiso. 1825. Stove.
robu'sta (robust). 3. Blue. August. Hayti.
L, amoe'na (pleasing). 3. Blue. July. North
Claytonia'na (Clayton's). 2. Blue, June.
North America, 1&24,
L. cvle'stris (heavenly). 2. Blue. July. North
colora'ta (coloured - leaved] . 5. Orange.
August. North America. 1832.
ori'spa (curled). 2. Blue. June. North
glandulo'sa (glanded). 2. Blue. Septem-
ber. New Carolina. 1840.
Ka'lmii (Kalm's). l. Blue. July. Caro-
lacu'stris (lake). Pale blue. July. Britain.
Nutta'llii (Nuttall's). 1. Blue. July. North
paludo'sa (marsh). Pale blue. July. North
polyphy'lla (many- leaved). 4:$. Purple.
August. Valparaiso. 1829-
puhe'rula (mossy). 1. Pale blue. June.
North America. 1800.
glabe'lla (smoothish). . Purple,
blue. July. Lousiana. 1832,
ramo'sa (branching). 2. Dark blue. Au-
gust. Swan River. 1838.
syphili'tica (syphilitic). 2. Light blue.
September. Virginia. 166/5.
76 (white). 3. White. Au-
tene'lla (delicate), j. Purple, violet. May.
LOBLOLLY-BAY. Gordo'nia lasla'nthus.
LODDIGE'SIA. (Named after Conrad
Loddiyes, the founder of the well-known
nursery at Hackney. Nat. ord., Leyu-
minous Plants [Fftbft06], Linn., 16-
dfonadflphw C)-Decandria. Allied to
Greenhouse evergreen. Cuttings of the
plants of the shoots, in April, in sandy soil,
under a bell-glass ; sandy peat and a little
loam. Winter temp., 40 to 48 ; a cool place
L. oxalidifo'lia (Oxalis-leaved). 14. Pale pur-
ple. June. Cape of Good Hope. 1802.
LODOI'CEA. (Named after Laodice,
the daughter of Priam and Hecuba.
Nat. ord., Palms [Palmacere]. Linn.,
Stove palm. Seeds in a strong moist heat ;
loam and peat. Summer temp., 60 to 90,
with much moisture in the atmosphere ; win-
ter, 58 to 60.
L. sechella'rum (Seychelles). 80. Seychelles
LOGA'XIA. (Named after J. Logan,
a distinguished botanist. Nat. ord.,
Loyamads [Loganiaceai], Linn., f>-
Pcntandria l-Mono;/ynia. Allied to
Greenhouse evergreens, with white flowers
from New Holland. Stiff side shoots, getting
well ripened at the base, in sandy soil, under a
bell-glass, in summer ; sandy loam and fibry
peat, kept more open still, by pieces of charcoal.
I Winter temp., 38 to 45. In summer the pots
I protected from strong sunshine.
i L.fioribu'nda (bundle-flowered). 2. April.
; latifo'lia (broad-leaved). 3. 1816.
reeofo'Za (rolled-back-teatferf). 2. 1826.
LCESE'LIA. See HoVtzla.
LOMAGRA'MMA. (From lonut, an edge,
and yramma, writing ; referring to the
appearance and position of the spore
or seed-cases on the leaves. Nat. ord.,
Ferns [Polypodiaceoi], Linn., 5i4-
Stove Fern. See Ferns.
L. pterioi'des (Brake-like). Brown. May.
Isle of Luzon. 1840.
LOMA'RIA. (From loma, an edge,
| referring to the position of the spore
i or seed cases on the leaves. Nat. ord.,
; Ferns [Polypodiacere]. Linn., 4 >M-
Cryptogamia 1-Filiccs. )
All brown spored. See Ferns.
L. spi'cant (spiked). 1. June. Britain.
i L. Alpi'na (Alpine). Falkland Isles. 1843.
Antarctica (Antarctic). Magellan. 1843.
uttenua'ta (thin). 1. August. 1838.
j fulca'ta (sickle-shaped). 2. July. Van
Dieman's Land. 1823.
Fraze'ri (Fraser's). New Zealand. 1843.
lanceolu'ta (spear-head-s/i/>i?cZ). ^. Sep-
tember. New Holland. 1830.
Magella'nicu (Magellan). Falkland Isles.
nu'da (naked). 2. June. Van Dieman's
Paterso'ni (Paterson's), . September.
New Holland. 1830.
pro'cera (tall). 3. July. New Zealand.
L. Boryu'na (Bory's).
Chile'nsis (Chilian). Chili.
di 1 scalar (two-coloured). Brazil.
fluviu' tills (floating).
Gillie'sii (Gillies's). Brazil. 1841.
longifo'lia (long-leaved). 2. June. West
onocleoi'dcs (Onoclea-like). July. Jamaica.
< sorbifo'liu (Sorb-leaved). August. West
i Indies. 1/Q3.
ve'stita (clothed). Isle of Luzon.
LOMA'TIA. (From loma, an edge ;
referring to the winged edge of the
seeds. Nat. ord., Protead* [Proteacere],
Linn., -'J't!traiidria \-Monoyynia. Al-
1 lied to Telopea.)
LOM C 5
Greenhouse evergreens. Cuttings of firm
young shoots, early in spring, or late in summer,
in sand, under a bell-glass ; sandy peat, with a
little loam. Winter Temp. 38 to 40.
L. denta'ta (toothed). 3. Chili. 1824.
ilicifo'lia (Holly-leaved), 3. July. New
silaifo'lia (Silaum-leaved). 2. Orange.
July. New South Wales. 1792.
tincWria (dyer's). 2. New Holland. 1822.
LONCHI'TIS. (From louche, a knee ;
the shape of the leaves or fronds.
Nat. ord., Ferns [Polypodiacece] . Linn.,
24- Cryptogamia 1 - Filiccs. )
Stove ferns, with brown spores, from the
West Indies. Some species are now joined to
Litobrockia. See Ferns.
L. auri'ta (eared). July.
gla'bra (smooth). July.
pube'scens (downy). July.
LONCHOCA'RPUS. (From lonche, a
lance, and carpos, a fruit; shape of
seed-pod. Nat. ord., Leguminous Plants
[Fabaceffi]. Linn., 17-Diadelphia 4-
Decandria. Allied to Dalbergia.)
Stove evergreen trees, with purple flowers,
except where specified otherwise. Cuttings of
half-ripened shoots, in sand, under a bell-glass,
and in a sweet bottom-heat, in May; turfy
loam and fibry peat, with sand and charcoal to
keep it open, though pressed firmly together.
Summer temp. 60 to 85 ; winter 55 b to 60.
l<. Dominge'nsis (St. Domingo). 20. Red.
St. Domingo. 1820.
latifo'lius (broad-leaved). 20. West In-
macrophy'llus (large-leaved). 40. South
~- pube'scens (downy). 25. Purple. Caraccas.
pyxida'rius (box). 20. Cuba. 1820.
ro'seus (rosy). 16. Red. South America.
se'piuTO (hedge). 30. South America. 1820.
seri'ceus (silky). 20. West Indies. 1826.
viola'ceus (violet). 12. Carthage. 1759-
LONDON PRIDE. Saxi'fraga itmbro'sa.
LONI'CEEA. (Named after Adam
Lonicer, a German botanist. Nat. ord.,
Capn foils [Caprifoliaceoe]. Linn., ;")-
Pfntandrla 1-Monogi/nia. Allied to
Hardy deciduous shrubs. By cuttings and
layers, in the autumn ; with all the succulent,
pithy-stemmed kinds, the latter mode is tho
best, as cuttings are apt to rot ; when planted
they should have a shady, sheltered situation ;
good loamy soil.
L.Alpi'gena (Alpine). 6. Yellow. April.
South Europe. 1596.
_ , Sibi'rica (Siberian). 5, Yellow.
April. Siberia, )8lQ,
I ] LOP
L. angustifo'lia (narrow-leaved). 5. Pale
yellow. April. North India. 1847.
ceeru'lea (blue-6m-i>d). 4. Yellow. May.
Canade'nsis (Canadian). Yellow. May.
cane'scetis (hoary). 10. April. Europe.
cilia'ta (hair- fringed). 4. White, red.
April. North America. 1824.
a'lba (wbite-iem'ed). 4. White, red.
April. North America. 1824.
di'scoiour (two-coloured). 4. Yellow, crim-
son. June. East Indies. 1844.
diver&ifo'lia (various-leaved). 4. Yellow.
May. Himalaya. 1843.
flexuo'sa (zig-zag). 15. Orange. July.
Jbe'rica (Iberian). 6. Orange. April.
involucra'ta (involucred). 3. Yellow.
April. Hudson's Bay. 1824.
Ledebou'rii (Ledebour's). 3. Yellow, red.
June. California. 1833.
microphy'lla (small-leaved). 4. Siberia.
ni'gra (black). 4. Pale yellow. April.
campaniflo'ra (bell-flowered). 4.
Yellow. May. North America.
oblongifo'lia (oblong-leaved). 3. White.
April. North America. 1823.
orienta'lis (eastern). 16. Yellow. June.
puni'ceus (crimson). Crimson. May.
North America. 1822.
Pyrena'ica (Pyrenean). 4. White. Py-
Tarta'rica (Tartarian). 10. Pink. April.
albiflo'ra (white-flowered). 10.
White. May. Pyrenees. 1739-
latifo'lia (broad-leaved). 10. pink.
lu'tea (yellovf 'flowered). 10.
rubriflo'ra (red- flowered). 10.
Red. April. Russia. 1752.
villo'sa (shaggy). 4. Yellow. April,
xylo'steum (Fly), 8. Yellow, June.
8. Yellow. June. Britain.
8. Yellow. June. Britain.
8. Yellow. June. Britain.
LOOKING-GLASS PLANT. Heritie'ra.
LOPE'ZIA. (Named after J. Lopez, a
Spanish botanist. Nat. ord., Onayrads
| [Onagraceee]. Linn., 1-Monandria 1-
I Monogynia. Allied to Circoea.)
Annuals from Mexico ; all of which thrive
the better if sown on a light hot-bed in the
middle of March, and are transplanted in the
middle of May; light soil.
It, cordu'tn (heartrteaued), JJ. Purple, August,
L. curonn'ta (coroneted). 1A. Eed. August.
hirsn'ta (hairy). l$. Red. August. 1796.
linea'ta (streaked-/ra?>?). 3. Rose. Feb-
pu'mila (dwarf). $. Red. August. 1824.
rticemo'sa (racemed). l. Red. August.
LOPHA'NTHUS. (From lopfos, a crest,
and nnlhon, a flower; referring to the
middle lobe of the flower. Nat. ord.,
Labiates, or Lipworts. Linn., l/i-Didy-
namia 1 Gymnospermia. Allied to
Hardy herbaceous perennials from North
America. Seeds sown in April ; cuttings of
the young shoots at the same time, in a shady
place, in sandy soil, under a hand light ; divi-
sion of the plant in spring ; good garden soil.
L. anisa'tus (Anise-scented). 3. Blue. July.
nepetoi'des (Nepete-like). 5. Yellow, white.
sci-ophula>'ioi'des(Fig\iiort-libe). 5. Pink.
urticeefo'lium, (nettle-leaved), 2. Blue.
LOPHI'OLA. (A diminutive of hphos,
a crest ; referring to the crested sepals,
or flower-leaves. Nat. ord., Lllyivorts
[Liliacese]. Linn., (J-Hexandria l-Mo-
noyynia. Allied to Wachendorfia.)
Hardy herbaceous perennial. Division of the
roots in autumn or spring ; peaty soil in a damp
L- au'rea (golden-flowered). l. Yellow. June.
North America. 1811.
LOPHI'RA. (From lophos, a crest ;
referring to two of the sepals finally
expanding into crested wings. Nat.
ord., Lophlrads [Lophiraceae]. Linn.,
V~-Ico$andrici 1 -Monoqynia.}
This is the Scrubby Oak of Sierra Leone, a
handsome tree with panioled yellow flowers.
Endlicher founded the order on it because it is
"allied to nothing yet known." A tropical
evergreen shrub ; cuttings of firm young wood,
in sand, under a bell-glass, and in a sweet bot-
tom heat ; sandy loam and fibry peat. Summer
temp., 60 to 90 ; winter, 50 to 60.
L. Africa'nn (African). 10. Yellow. June.
Sierra Leone. 1822.
LQPHOSPE'RMUM:. (From lophos, a
crest, and sperma, a seed; the seeds
are furnished with a crested wing.
Nat. ord., Figworts [ScrophulariaceiB].
Linn., \-L-Didynamia l-Gymiiospe-rmia,')
Beautiful evergreen climbers, requiring the
greenhouse, or cold frame, in winter, growing
against pole*, fences, &c, during
j propagated by preserving the fleshy roots, in
i dry earth, in winter ; by seed sown in a hot-
I bed in March and April, and cuttings of young
j shoots taken in August, inserted in sandy soil,
and placed in a cool frame, or under a hand-
light and shaded ; rich sandy loam.
L. atrosangui'neum (dark-bloody). 10. Dark
purple. June. Mexico. 1833.
erube'scena (blushing). 10. Rosy. August,
sca'ndens (climbing). 10. Purple, violet,
LOQUAT, or Japan Quince (Erio-
lo'trya japo'nica). It ripens its fruit
with a moderate amount of heat in
this country. Some varieties are said
to succeed on the open Avail ; but it
must be in such mild localities as the
warmer parts of Devon or Cornwall.
The temperature of the peach-house
or what is sometimes called the inter-
mediate house will, however, suit it ;
and as to wintering, it requires little
more than the exclusion of frost. As