Georgia Confederate Veterans' Association of Fulton County.

History, Confederate Veterans' Association, of Fulton County, Georgia (Volume 2) online

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and extra apparel were packed away. Gray jeans was their uniform. Knap-
sacks, canteens, cartridge boxes, guns and gun caps, were supplied, and it then
began to look like going to war, indeed. The guns given them were the Bel-
gian rifles, old style muzzle loaders. The mention of such guns, and of gun
caps, may seem strange now to the young soldiers of our present day volun-
teers who use the modern breech-loaders with their prepared cartridges. In
their glee the boys appeared to be proud of their going, but there was an un-
dercurrent of sadness at the thought of leaving the dear old G. M. I., feeling
that, as they marched away, they were perhaps leaving it forever. Ay, indeed,
it was so with many of those gallant boys, for in a few months that little bat-
talion of cadets was terribly thinned by the desolations of disease and the car-
nage of battles.

It was truly a leaving forever by all of them, for the armies came on, and
the Institute was burned by the Federals. "We left it a grand structure, around
which clustered a thousand happy memories. They left it a heap of ruins and
desolation, as evidence of the march of a reckless and savage enemy.

A sketch or pen-drawing of the old Institute has been placed in my hand
by Hon. W. P. McClatchy, who was a cadet at the G. M. I., from Marietta.
He is now a prominent lawyer in Chattanooga, Tenn. The picture that he
furnished to me was the only one in existence of the old Institute, until re-
cently, when an engraving was made of it for the Sunny South, in which paper
this article appeared on Memorial Day, April 26, 1890. Mr. McClatchy in-
forms me that the original sketch was made by a soldier, aPolander, in the
Federal army, just before they burned the Institute. The soldier gave his
sketch to Mrs. McClatchy, the mother of Cadet McClatchy. and was very kind
to her while in the enemy's lines. Unlike the mountain, the Institute is not
there now.

It seems to be a singular or peculiar incident that, though the old Institute
was destroyed by the Federals, yet one of them, a foreigner, should thus pre-
pare the only picture we have of it, and that picture he thus preserved by the
mother of one of "our boys." Why should not our State create another insti-
ute, or reorganize the G. M. I. for the military education of our young men

From the Institute they were sent to West Point, Ga., where they were
camped on the east bank of the Chattahoochee River about five or six weeks.
In July they received orders to strike camp. They soon folded their tents,


picked up fceir guns, knapsacks, an. - ^^^^^^
To Atlanta. From Atlanta they ma chert o t to the ^

Chattahoochee The summer heat ™ ^J d flt the line> and that
llry ;mil du sty. The hoys were J^jj™ next day was su ltry.
nign i they rested in the woods neai Tu me ****• It wa8 bably

fiffta afternoon the cadets were ^ marched a a. th nve^ ^ ^ ^ ^
there that the hoys heard a shell for the first time a ^ ^

head . M-hmgtotheriveronadry^d^ them Bomb .

the Federals well knew it must nse ^by "™^ ^ toon , seve ral
sh( . lls soon came over in a hurry, and as we crossed

shells fell into the river close by the boys rf ^^

Over the river they had to cross an open field, and men

the brave. lt nf the radets and said he never saw any soldiers

Major Capers was in front of the cade ts, ana
m0 re steady than "his boys" were under their first fire erf J^^ ^

-y fell bach to Atlanta, the cadets were m hne and « ^ ^ ^
under tire of the enemy. The sen ice mm ^

vere for such young soldiers, and it soon ^began t el h eav y ^

tanon. Several of then, became sick and died L ^ e ^ innie ball

b„" a- one of out most promincu, and progressive aliens. He was . cadet,

the £Ti* ading, w, Cade, J^^Wft^

momenta beforespoken toa comrade, Ore writer o ,, d , h

sal, to ee»on a , f rice which he was cookuig m ..k a 1 , in ,hc

behi a- breartwork. He a up his catena to go £ ^ M ^ ^

',' , . I.,, Lance off, and rehounded, a "ricochet," as he boy

i. , a, Ll is BUDDOsed tha, he saw it coming towards him, as he was

;:;.„, L3 Z « «* *. * m p*^ -** w

f ,,,.;..,,, ridetolefl amid his ribs, and it rolled away about fifty

:;".;:, : : , - , . l 1 „ « * „,e go«, and „*■•>«.

■n ighi he id n "|" u '"i """"'' m Z tJ^^tm

tra m and a, pleof cadete, one of whom was Henry Dews, went

""T£%E?S££2 Led, l.iei„ 10 woisic, „,

Sa,o,:,:. . tad in „i- rig b, Iinie ,,a„ He —d-d

since the •« been connected win, tic Central Rauroad o I G eo rg>. ,» Phj

„ 1;1 .„,, ,,„,,., A ,„i, ,,„„, „f South Carolina, was wonnded in the knee, and


was sent to the hospital and died. The cadets did good service in the siege of
Atlanta, and promptly responded as best they could do to every demand and
command for duty. Many of them became sick by the Bevere exposures in the


In September, 1864, they were sent to MiUedgeville, where they went into
camp on the ground around the old capitol. Some of them were given fur-
loughs, and several of those who went home on furloughs never returned to
our camp. They were taken sick, and died, and went to their long home to
rest from war. Poor boys, they were cut off in life early, but they did their
duty up to death as men. Of those who died after they went on furlough, I
remember Johnnie MeLeod, of Emanuel county; Seab. Montgomery, of Schley
county, and Edmond Jordan, of Washington county. I was at the bedside of
Edmond Jordan when he died. He had typhoid fever consequent upon his
service in the trenches about Atlanta.

The cadets were encamped at Milledgeville until November, 1864, when
Sherman's march through Georgia put them again in action. They went to
Gordon and on to Oconee bridge on the Central Railroad. At the bridge sev-
everal were killed and wounded. Cadet Marsh, of Cartersville, was wounded,
and died in Savannah. In the afternoon of the first day of the battle a1 ( Home
bridge, the cadets were put into line in the swamp on the west side of the
Oconee River, and met Sherman's men in that swamp. It was a sharp little
tiring for a while, and Sherman's men went back towards the upland. It was
surmised by Major Capers that they would soon return with a larger force, and
he withdrew his boys, and crossed over the river on the railroad bridge, in sin-
gle file, and took position in line on the east side of the river, hastily making
breastworks of logs, trees, trestle posts, etc. In a little while the Federals,
having strengthened their line, came marching rapidly in the swamp towards
the bridge, with expectation of catching the cadets on that west bank, or else
drive them into the Oconee River. But the cadets were already in position on
the opposite side, and as the blue line of Yankees came rushing up to the river
with their peculiar "huzza," they were astonished to receive several volleys
from our boys on the other side of the river. It seemed to daze and discomfit
the Federals, and for a few minutes they appeared to be seriously confused.
A cavalryman, one of Kilpatrick's men, was taken prisoner the next day at
Ball's Ferry, six miles down the river from the bridge, and he told us in our
camp that we killed forty-five of their men at the bridge, when they came
rushing up to the river to bag the boys. At the bridge that daj also Cadet
Sergeant J. S. Todd, of West Point, was wounded in the arm close up to the
shoulder. It was amputated by Drs. S. D. Brant ly and J. R. Smith, of San
dersville, Ga. Cadet Todd was senl to a hospital. Be recovered from the ill-
ness consequent to the wound and amputation. After the close of the war he
became a physician, and practiced medicine at his home. Wesl Point, Qa. In
1875 he moved to Atlanta to practice his profession, and is now the popular and
distinguished Doctor Todd, who is so well known and beloved by our people
here. He is one of the most popular citizens. He i- a professor in the Atlanta
Medical College, is President of the Georgia Medical Association, and recently
was appointed Assistant Surgeon General of tin- United Confederate Veterans,
by Governor Gordon, the commander-in-chief.


Cadet Hamilton, of Columbia county, and Cadet Myrick of Milledgeville
Cadet mm , commands besides cadets

i:;:in S ** ^ w ere med ** T ^^ ^

t this aS is more particularly of the G. M. I. Cadets, it . not necessary to

^Scad's then were in front of Shermans army all the way to the sea
At several place they were in skirmishes. They were encamped about the Is
t SSKSS a large grove of oaks, at Oliver Station, So* Central
Railroad While thus encamped, several little episodes occurred which were,
fa hdr way, diversions somewhat from the usual routine of camp life and du-
L T r writer, with a comrade (Jordan S.), went out of camp on Saturday
morning to a po ato patch near by, foraging for potatoes to roast. Passing a
negro house, the dogs came after, us in a savage manner and we were about to
be bTtten had a pistol, "loaded for bear," but in close quarters wi th the
do "slthought it appropriate, if not prudent, to let the dogs have a shot or
to Upon the report of the pistol, which in that crispy morning air seemed
o sound like a cannon of small size, of course the dogs tucked tails and wen
from us as fast as they first came towards us. But it not only alarmed the
dog" but the camp was aroused, as it created the impression that the enemy
were upon us. As Jordan and I approached the camp in our leisurely way,
we found the boys ready for the fray, all "to arms." As soon as Major Capers
learned correctly of the circumstance, he gave me a reprimand abou ^mg
that way when the enemy was expected at any time. I told him I thought
was time to shoot when the dogs were about to bite me. He ordered that I be
put under guard a day. Of course I submitted to his order, and another cadet
was my guard, or guardian. I was placed in juxtaposition for a while with
two Federal soldiers, prisoners, and was thus compelled to keep company with
|]1V , n „ ni es in war. all on account of a foolish dog that had interfered with
our potato digging. The two prisoners had been in the prison at Millen. On
the Approach of the armies they were removed to Savannah, but managed in
some wav to escape near thai city. One was from Iowa, the other from Illi-
QO ifl They were trying to get back to their own army. They were in the
woods no. 'tar from the station. That day two of the boys of our battalion
wen. nut of camp to -forage" for something fresh to eat. In that same woods
thev came upon a hunch of pigs, or shoats, and began a chase to catch one.
Goin6 ftl mil Bpe ed, like hungry soldiers and a fat pig, of course gaining on
the Bhoat, thev heard a voice say. "Co it, boys, double-quick time. That
Bounded in expression like an imperative order to go forward; but the boys
suddenly baited. This may seem paradoxical, but it is true. As they halted
they Looked aboul to ascertain whence came the voice, and there, right near to
them Btood a man in blue, and another one sitting down behind a log. Whether
"the boys" :it ,i,M thoughl they had run into the enemy's line, or not, I can-
not say now, bul they Boon rallied themselves into a file of captors and marched
the two prisoners Into camp, and the fellow who had said, "go it. hoys, rea-
lised thai In bis view of the exciting chase, in the impulse to speed the boys, he
bad spoken too loud. They were put under guard till they could be sent to
ilIli: ,l, Thej semed to be clever men, and we conversed considerably on
yarioufl topics, chieflj of the march from Atlanta and incidents along the route ;


aud so dogs and hogs may be the means of bringing men of hostile feelings
into a compulsory companionship, though it may seem to each like innocence
under difficulties. Of course in the camp there was much hurrah made over
the boys who brought in the two prisoners.

The next day, Sunday, all was serene in the camp during the forenoon.
In the afternoon a scout came in with the news that the Yankees were coming,
and were only about three miles away. The camp was soon aroused and "our
boys" were ordered to the front, a half mile, and deployed on the east side of
Ogeechee creek.

Pickets were sent out a few hundred yards up the road. Every one was
on the alert. Sergeant George Coleman was sent in charge of our picket post.
In a little while after taking the post, two of Kilpatrick's cavalrymen came
riding leisurely along the road, and before they were aware of it. were almost
on our pickets, when suddenly Coleman called them to halt and surrender.
The two horsemen were surprised. They checked their horses in a moment,
but instead of halting to surrender, one of them commanded Coleman and his
squad to surrender, and began to draw his pistol. Almost in a thought Cole-
man threw his gun to his shoulder, aimed a second, and tired. The bullet went
straight to its aim, crashing through the head of the cavalryman, and as the
smoke of the cadet's rifle rose on the air, the "Yankee" fell from his saddle, a
dead man. The other horseman turned quickly and galloped away, and the
other horse, without his rider, ran after him. Coleman and his pickets went up
to the dead man. Coleman got the fellow's splendid pistol, his new shoes,
which by the way were most opportune just then to supply his old shoes which
were worn out, and from his pockets they took some gold aud other trinkets ot
jewelry, which it was supposed the Yankee had taken from the homes of our
people, on his way to the sea The pickets came in, got a spade and went back
to bury the man. As they got a hole in the ground, and almost ready to put
him into it, a larger squad of cavalrymen came galloping down the road, and
our pickets stopped the burial at once, and without further ceremony, ran to
our line, under tire of the cavalrymen. They reached the line safely, and ;is
they crossed the stream, our boys poured a volley into the horsemen, and they
turned, but soon came at us again, and for a while that swamp resounded with
the roar and rattle of musketry. That uight we remained on that line in the
swamp, and it was intensely cold, December 4, 1864.

There was much interest in the matter of Coleman's feat of killing the
Yankee, and for many days it was the topic of the ramps. Cadet Frank P.
Patillo was on that picket post with Sergeant Coleman, and he can talk of it
yet with a feeling recollection of the event. He lives at Decatur, and is one of
the prominent men in insurance business in Atlanta. Coleman is living in Mis
sissippi, and has in his possession the flag of the battalion.

From Oliver Station the cadets were sent oil to Savannah, where they were
in line for about two weeks. They were among the last troops to leave the
city, before Sherman entered and took possession. From there they went iuto
South Carolina, and eventually came to Augusta, and camped there a few-
weeks, then were sent to Milledgeville, where they camped from February to

About the time that General Lee surrendered, the cadets wen sent to Au-

<msta It was supposed thai they were going on to join the army of General
fohns'ton in Nor 1 Carolina, but his surrender soon followed that of Lee, and
,!w were the last of the organized forces of the Confederacy east
, .Mississippi River. They were disbanded at Augusta; and "the boys
J,.,,, J, „„,,. is as did the older soldiers, submissive in the general defeat,
yet proud of their service to their beloved State.

A aum beroi the good citizens of Atlanta at present were .of the cadets
who left the G M. I. for service in the battalion, in May, 1864. Mr. L. J. Hill
who is now the President of the Gate City National Bank, was a Lieutenant of
( ,,i,,s in ( Sompany A. Mr. A. W. Hill, the Vice-President of the same bank,
was with .he battalion. Major John A. Fitten was at the Institute and was
our Quartermaster Sergeant in the service. Mr. I. P. Harris was a Sergeant
in Company B He is a lime merchant, sometimes called "Harris, the lime
man " Major C W. Henderson, who died here a few years ago, was a ber-
,„!.,„, of Cadets He was a son of our fellow citizen, General R. J. Hender-
son Be was a favorite among the boys. Paul Goldsmith and Gus Hulsey
were our comrades also. They died many years ago. Two better-natured
t„,vs than they 1 have never known. I loved them both. Hon. Julius L.
Brown an eminent lawyer, and one of our progressive citizens, was with us
in the 'service lb' is a son of Senator Joseph E. Brown, who was the war
Governor of Georgia. Hon. Malcolm Johnson was with us, and is now a
prominent lawyer, and a few years ago was the efficient Secretary of the Mate
Agricultural Society. Mr. L. L. McCleskey, now with the Richmond & Dan-
ville Railroad, wasoneof the boys. Mr. J. R. McCleskey, brother of L. L
was at the Institute and in the service. After the war he became a lawyer and
practiced at Americus, Ga. Some years ago he quit the law to be a minister of
the gospel in the Methodist Church. He was several years in charge of the
Church in Sandersville. Ga. He is now in lower Georgia as a member of the
South Georgia Conference. Mr. Wm. I). Villard. a dealer in coal, was in the
service with the battalion. James T. Thurman, the iron-forger, the Gate City
\ ulcan was one of our best boys. He is a quiet, steady citizen, as he was then
a m odes, youth in our ranks. Mr. A. .1. Shropshire, now a member of the firm
of Shropshire & Dodd, wholesale merchants, was one of our good boys, but
always brimful of good hu.nor and droll wit. He used to make us laugh, and
kept his comrades cheerful around the camp fire, or in the trenches, or in bat
,|,. Mr John M Green was with the battalion at the Institute, and in the ser-
vice He is now the President of a company engaged in the manufacture and
sale of fertilizers. Mr. G. H. Hollidaj . now the proprietor of one of the most
extensive lumber yards and planing mills in this city, was one of us. He and
"Smith R ' were Shropshire's special pets for his drollery and witticisms. Mr.
Tom I'.ussev the noted engineer on the Western & Atlantic Railroad, was one
f the joUiesi of the jolly boys. Always good uatured and full of fun. 1 om
Buasey was noted at the G. M. 1. for keeping the cleanesl and brightest gun in
,,„. battalion. He wasalsoa famous wrestler, and generally downed every new

caue l W h0 came to the Institute with any pretentions as a wrestler. He is a

resident citizen of Marietta now, and has a nice home, a pleasant and happy
family, a. ,1 "engineers" A. accommodation train between Atlanta
;m ,l Marietta everj .lav. and is a happy man. lb' wouldn't care if butter was


a dollar a pound. The reason for his carelessness in the price of butter is ob
vious, when it is known that he has a herd of fine Jersej cows, and he Bella
butter. He also has the reputation of keeping his engine as nice as he used to
keep his gun. Mr. H. H. Cahaniss, the manager of the Evening Journal
joined the battalion of cadets in the camp at Milledgeville, and was oi
them when they disbanded. Herman Bellingrath, of Atlanta, was at the G.
M. I., and in the service. He is now in the plumbing business in Atlanta!
Jesse P. Dean was a cadet. Since the war lie was a merchanl on Marietta
street, in Atlanta, and died here about five years ago. Be was a good soldier
boy, and a good citizen as a man.

There may be others living now in our city who were in the Bervice with
the battalion of cadets, but if so, I do not know of them, or cannot now recall

In almost every section of our State there are now prominent men win,
were G. M. I. cadets in the war. Hon. H. P. Jones, is a planter, and raises
fine stock, in Burke county. Hon. S. G. Jordan, of Sandersville, Ga., is a
lawyer, and was State Senator from the Twentieth District a few pears ago.
T. N. Smith is a merchant, and R. R. Smith a planter, at Tennille, in Wash-
ington county, Ga. Hon. L. C. Ryan, at Hawkinsville, is a lawyer, and for a
number of years has been the Judge of the County Court of Pulaski count v.
Hon. Thos. W. Millner, at Cartersville, is a lawyer. Several years au.<> he was
a member of the Legislature. He is now the Judge of the Superior Courts of
Cherokee Circuit, Hon. Albert Foster, of Madison, is well known here in
Atlanta as proprietor of a knitting mill, and factory for knitted goods. Bon.W.
E. H. Searcy, at Griffin, is a prominent citizen, and identified with the Alliance-
men. Jesse W. Walters, of Albany, is a lawyer, and has been Solicitor-Gen-
eral of his circuit. He was at the Institute in 1864, but was considered as too
young to go into the service, and was not allowed to go with the battalion.
But he wanted to go, and cried because he was compelled to remain out. One
other was with him, Hugh Haralson, now in Washington City. They win
only about fourteen years old then.

"Le jeune Alexis Delatour etait un assez bou gargon.'

So likewise Jesse and Hugh were good boys, but loo young to lie soldiers then.
Hugh Haralson was later in the army with General Cordon, his brother in-law.
Jack and William Crutchfield, of Macon, have been cotton buyers in Macon
ever since the war, and are now engaged as proprietors of a mill o. factory for
manufacturing cotton goods. Charlie Solomon, of Macon, was Lieutenant of
Company B, and Adjutant of the battalion. lie is now a merchanl jeweler in
Macon. Lyman H. Compton, of Milledgeville, is a merchanl in that city.
Hon. Richard N. Lamar, of Milledgeville, was at Hie Institute in 1862, and
went into the army that year. Since the war he has been farming, and has
been Representative of Baldwin county in the Legislature. Mark McCombs,
of Milledgeville, was at the Institute in 1862. lie left ii to accept a position in
the army. Since the war he has been farming, and in business in Milledge
ville. Mr. L. L. Lamar, of Milledgeville, brother of R. N. Lamar, was at the
Institute in 1864, and was in the service with the battalion. He has a position
now as one of the managers at the Stale Asylum for the Insane, at Midway.


Henry W Dews, of Newnan, is a dealer in cotton. Homer V. Reynolds is
now a prominent physician, and doing fine practice in Marietta. He also owns
considerable real estate in Atlanta. His brother, Reynolds L., is also living in
Marietta, and doing well as a dentist. Fletcher Reynolds, was from Coving-
ton. He also lives now at Marietta, engaged in raising fine stock, and dairy
business. Paul Faver, of Fayetteville, was a Lieutenant in Company A. He
is a physician now in fine practice. A few years ago he was State Senator in
the Georgia Legislature. He is also owner of considerable real estate in At-
lanta. Park Arnold was a cadet from Coweta county. He was engaged in
fanning. He has had some good luck in his life. A few years ago he sent two
dollars for a ticket in the Louisiana State Lottery. It brought to him fifteen
thousand dollars in cash, which was collected for him by Mr. Lod. Hiil's bank.
J. B. Convcrs, at Cartersville, is a lawyer. He has a remarkable memory. At
the Institute lie learned the roll of Company B from hearing it called by Or-
derly Sergeant Tap Ward. He remembers it almost accurately till yet, One
day recently he "called the roll," and wrote it out for me in the court room at
Cartersville. Here it is. Let "the boys" run it over to hear how familiar it
sounds, and to see if the faces of long ago come back to memory, as they
answer "here," promptly and distinctly. Can you not hear Tap Ward, as he

calls rapidly:?

Acee, Allen, Albright, Bohanon, Breese, Brown, Burt, Butts, Cabaniss,
Calhoun, Coleman. Conyers, Craig, Dean J., Dean W., Dunn, Dunwoody,
Bdmondson, Floyd, Goldsmith, Griffin, Holliday, Johnson, Jones F., Jordan,
Lee, Ligon, Lipscomb, Loud, Moore B., Moore J., Millner, Mimms, Partee,
Persons, Pitts. Halm. Reynolds H., Reynolds L., Reynolds T., Rogers J.,
RodgersR., Shropshire, Simms, Smart, Smith T., Smith W., Solomon, Ste-
vens, Stokes, Taylor, Tennant, Thomas, Traylor, Turnbull, Ulmer,Ward, Wil-
li, nl. Winn .1., Winn T., Wright B., Wright C, Young.

There were perhaps a few more, but this roll is a good one to carry in the
memory twenty-seven years.

C.Howard Williams was one of the boys in service. He is well remem-
bered herein newspaper fame. Some years ago he was the proprietor of the
Sunday Gazette. Later he was associated with Hon. Sam W. Small in the pub-
lication of the Georgia Major. He went to Annistpn, Ala., and established a
paper which he named the Hot Blast, lie sold that, and is now a lawyer doing
:i good practice in Anniston.

From Other States of the Confederacy, besides Georgia, many of the cadets

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

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