Gilbert J Hunt.

The late war between the United States and Great Britain from June, 1812, to February 1815 ... online

. (page 1 of 12)
Online LibraryGilbert J HuntThe late war between the United States and Great Britain from June, 1812, to February 1815 ... → online text (page 1 of 12)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook




• 1929 •





Frojii June, 1812, to February', l&i:>.



The good of his cowdry teas the pride of his hcartP

D(xatiu''s victory.



And the Treaty concluded with the Dey of Algiers ^''■

Commercial Treaty with Gre;;t Britain,

aiid the Treaty conchuled with the

Creek Nation ol' Indians,


With imi-rovcmcnis hy ilie avihar.

Corner of Varick and.VaRdum streets.





of t!ie United States of America, G. J. ILmt,

V it reneiiberei, that on the thirty inn d.iy of
)jr, ill the forty second year of the liiJepe.idente

of the
said District, hath deposited in this oifice the title of a
baok, the rit^'it whereof he clai.nj as proprietor in the
w ords and tiiinres following, to wit : •' The Late War
between the United States and Great Britain, from
June 1812 to February 18 1?, written in the uncient
historical style, by Gilbert J. Hunt, author of a number
of anonymous publications in prose and veraC.

*• The good of his country was tlie pride of his heart."' ^

Decatur^s Kictori/.

Containing, also, a sketch of the late Algerine War ;
and the Treaty concluded with tiie Dry of Algiers ; the
Commercial Treaty with ( Britain, and the Treaty
concluded with the Creek nation of Lidiuns."

In conformity to tlie act of the congress of the Uni-
ted States, entitled, " an act for t!ie encouragement of
learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and
books, to the authors and proprietors of such cojiies,
during the time therein mentioned." And also to an
act, entitled "an act siipple:nentary to an act, entitled
an act for the encouragement of learning, by securing
the copies of maps, charts, and books to the authors
and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein
raentiwied, and extending the benefits thereof to the
arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical aad
<>ther prints.^'

JAMES DILL, Clerk of the
Southern District of ^, York


THE advantages whicli the introduction of thw
work into our seminaries of education would be likely'
to produce are many and obvious :

1. The aut^ior hiving adopted for the model of his
style the phraseology <>f the best of books, remarkablf;
for its siuipllcity and strength, t!i8 young pupil will ac-
quire, with the knowledge of reading:, a love for the
manner in which the great truths of Divine Revelatiot
are conveyed to his understandinsr, and this will be aa
inducement to him to study the Holy Scriptures.

2 All the circum nances related in this work are
true ; they are recent, being within the recollection
of the presf^nt generation ; they form a very important
part in tlie history of our country, and will be read
with pride and pleasure by every one of our yonng men
in whose bosom may glow the sentiments of patriotism
and piety.

3. The most prominent virtues of the heroes who
produced the events here treated of, are held up in
such a manner as to inspire in the youthful mind a
love for the country they defended, and a spirit of
honorable emulation, which may be highly advanta-
geous to that country whenever it shall be necessary to
G;dl it into exercise.

4. Although a vein of morality runs tlirough the
work, the sentiments have not the smallest bearing on
the particular tenets of any religious sect, but are cal-
culated to be read by all persons, of w!)atever denomi-
nation, who love virtue, valor, and freedom.

.'>. Tije ficts described are related in so clear and
concise a way as without much effort on the part of
the pupil, will easily fasten themselves on his memory.

Tiiese are so ne amou'^st otijcr reasons v.iiich have
indnccd the author to recommend Jiis little work to


feaclier* of youth throughout the United States, ^
w^W as lathers of I'amiliesj and he does it in the confi-
dertt hope, that it will prove useful in accelerating the
progress of knowledge, and in awakening and cherish-
ing in the minds of his young countrymen those prin-
ciples of virtue with which he has been careful that it
should be interwoven.

Having received the universal approbation of men
of judgment, he only thinks it necessary to give the
lollowing letters from Dr. S. L. JNlitchiH, and Mr.


Nac-YorJcj June 13, 1817-

I had noticed your v/ork on the late war long
before I had the pleasure of yojr ac [uaintance. It
si^ems to be a plain popular isude of exhibiting the
transactions of which it treats.

One of the defects in the literature of our country
is that of good historians. That class of our citizens
which is called to act, sh^vvs u;i,)aralleled atchievement
and enterprize. The other sections, to whom is allot-
ted the business of narrating and recording events, are
not SO" far advanced, the reason is evident ; there must
be deeds to describe and perpetuate, before there can be
historians. In process of time, writers duly qualified,
"will make their appearance.

Your Chronicle of events deserves to ba mentioned
ill the list of useful publications. It will auiwer as a
docu.neat of constant and ready reference. The re-
ception of it into schools, will render familiar to chil*
dren the chief actions in the contest, and teach them, at
the same time, to respect their country and iti institu-

It seems to me one of the best attempts to imitate
the biblical style ; and if the perusal of it can induce
).)i.vr p^rso.13 t:? relish and love the sacred books


whose language you liave imitated, it will be the strong'
est of all lecommendations.

YoHr's lespectiullv.
ISlr. G. J. Hunt.

Acadcmyj New-York, July 8, 18 if.

I have examined the copy^ and concur in the
recommendation of the publication of your *^ Histori-
cal Reader, with the alterations and improvements, for
the Use of Schools. I sincere)}' hope that your exertions-
may be crowned v/iih success.

Your's respectfulfy,
Mr. G. J. Hunt. * J. W. PICKET.


PAG 2,

CfrllAP I — President's Message — Causes of the

War. <S'r. 9

CHAP. ll—Rqwrt of the Committee ^Decla-
ration of war. 13

CHAP, in — Reception of the Declaration of

War in Great Britain. 1 j

CHAP. lY—John Henry— Elijah Furish. Vj

CHAP. V — American Army — Militia — rJSavy —
British Navy — Rogers^ Jirst cruise — caj>-
lure of the Nautilus — removal of aliens
beyond tide-water. 2 i

CHAP. Xl—HuWs expedition. 23

CHAP.. yiLr^HulPs trial and pardon — CapturG

of Michilimackinatk, 2f^


rilA?. y^.ll— Capture of tJir Curriers, hy die

Vnifci States^ frigntf Comtitiftion. ^'^

CFIAP. W— Attack on SachtVs Harljovr— af-
fair of Oirdenghurgli — British drove f row
\^f. RfS^i-^i. " .S3

niAP. X— Battle of Queen fff)7rn. SO

CHAP. XI — (ien. Smythe surreeds Ccii. Vnv
Rensselaer — his attempts to cross the JSi-
agara, and failure — c^ius'^s. ?0

CHAP. ^U—Cnpture of the British Sloop of

i'^ar, Frolic. A i

CFIAP. XIII — Capture of the Macedonian. 4S

CHAP. XIV — Ajfairs in the north — skirmishes

- — buttle of Frenrhtown capture of

Gen. lVinchpster''s' army-^rnassacre of
/lucr. prisoners. . 47

CTT \P. XV—Cajjfure of t'le Britis'^ fri, irate Java 52
CH.\P. XVI — Com. Rogers return from a se-
art -J cruise — the Gen. Armstrong and a
Priti.ih fri.oate-^jyrivateerimr. 5^*

CHAP. WU—Caatiire of Ofrdenshnrgh GO

CHAP. XXlll— Capture of the Peacock 02

CHAP. X]:\— Capture of Uffle York. 66

CHAP. XX — Sketches 'f ihf History of /imerica. 74
CAHP. XXI — Depredations in the Chesapeake
— hlavre-ie-Grace hnrni- — attack on Cra-
vy Island — Hampton taken by the British
— '^vtrng^s. JY

CHAP. y.W\ — Baynrd and Gallatlnsail f^r St.

Ft'tershrirg^: t'''>e BriHs'f com -yelled to a-

b-ndon th' R^ege of fort Meigs. 82

CHAP. \\n\— '.rrpn'^lcr of forts George and

Erie to the Ameri;:ans General Hrurn

drives the British from Sackcft's Harbor 84
CIWV. XX]y— Capture of th^ Chesapeake. 87

CHAP. XXV— Crz/j^arpo/ Cnl Biefstler and

Major ('■hapin,iaith their comma ni. 92

CHAP. XXVI -Capture of Fort SchhsserK7id

BJark Rock 95

TABLh: OF CO.\T!v\ TS. vii

CHAP. \X\U—y1ffairs on Lake Oidari). V7

CHAP. X\Vm-~:^lfalrs on Lake Chujnjiain. VJ
CHAP. XXI\ — Mjjor Croghtm difeai3 t\z

British at Fort Step-ienso'i. 101

CHAP. XXX — llritisk scJDOncr Dj-/i':iic^f Cff^)-
tared — U. S. brig Argus a^tund, — Bo^^^^r
^' Enter/jrize. 1 03

C HAP. XWI— Capture of the British fc^t on

LaJce Erie if; J

CHAP. WXVl—Caijfare of Maiden a.i.l De-
troit^ by Gen. Harrison. Ill
CHAP. XXS^ni—nattle of the Thames. US
CrtAP. XXXIV— fKf//- with the Creeks. Ii3
CiiAP. XXX\^— Continuation of the Creek

War — Gen. Jackson'' s victory over then. 12(3
CHAP. XXXVl — Eliin of attack on Montreal

defeated. I S 1

CHAP. X'iWll— Remark burnt— Fort George
evacuate I — Niacrara frontier laid wunte
— Jiuifdo burnt. 135

CHAP. X\X\'\ll— Cruise of the Essex. 13S

CHAP. \\S.IX— Capture of the Frolic, by the
British frigate Orpheus — rapture of the
UEj)?,rvier, by the Peacock — capture of
the Reindeer, by the^ Wasp, capt. Blakely
— the Avon captured and sunk. 143

CilAP. XL — Brpalcinar up of the cantonments at

French Mills— hat fh of Chippaica. 145

CH \P.^ XfH— •? atle of Br: fg^icater. 150

CHAP. XLU— Issault on Fot Erie. 153

CHAP. \LW^4tt2ck on Stanington, by the

British ships of war 157

CHAP. \IAV — Ifiirs in the Chesapeake —
British amy nove towards Washington —
prenare for b title at Blade nsburgh. lOO

CHAP. XLV — CTpt'ire f W is'iington —sack-
in j of Alexandria — death of Sir Peter
-Parker. lG2

CHVP. \'uYl— British ^9 ^giinst Plattsburgh

Viu t.\bl;: of coNTFrvTS.

— C*-./,'/. M' Donou^rJi cnptuns the Bi iCiali
fiqiniili'i)n on Lahc Chnmylnin ITi

rif A f ^ .\ I A i X—J^attlc of Plait!<hurgh. ] Ji}

C'ilAi'. WMW^Aitark on Balfhnorr, hj/ the
• Iji-ifLs/t ami}/ under Gen. Ross, and the
fi-rt under AdminUs Cochrane and Cock'
burn. 1 JO

CIIAP. XUX — 'Destruction of the privateer
(Jrn. Armstrong — Gen. J:\ckson captures
Pens-dco^<i, find r( turns to N. Orleixns. 186

CIIAP. L'—SfcD7n'Io:'.t/^ — Fvlto)'. — torpedoes -

Iddnapping Joshua PCnny. 190

CHAP. lA—Jf.xirs in and about N. York. 197

CHAP. lAl—Jfairs on the ocean ^06

CHAP. L\\:— British fett arrircs near N. Or-
le^ns — attacks by the Biitish upon the army
of Gen. Jackson. 211

CHA P. LI y^Grnnd Battle of New-Orleans. 2 1 f)
CHAP. LV— Peace. ^ 221

Algerine War. 225

concli'sion. 231

hible Societies and Sunday Schools, 234








Fresidenfs Mes'sage — Causes of the War — Energetic
Measures proposed.


OW it came to pass, in the one thousand eight
hundied and twelfth year of the cliristian era, and in
the thirty and sixth year after the people of the pro
vinces of Columbia had declared themselves a free and
independent nation ;

2 That in the sixth month of the same year, on the
first day of the month, the chief Governor, whom the
people had chosen to rule over the land of Columbia ;

3 Even James, whose sir-ruame was Madison, de-
livered a written paper to the Great Sanhedrim of
the people, who were assembled together.

4 And the name of the city where the people were

gathered together was called after the name of the chief

captain of the land of Columbia, whose fame extendeth

to the uttermost parts of the earth ; albeit; he had slepl

with his fathers.



5 Nevertheless, the people loved him, forasmiicr:
as he wrought their deliverance from the yoke of
tyranny in limes past 5 so they called the city Wasii^


6 Now, when the written paper was rcceive»i^ the
doors of the chambers of the Great Sanhedrim vvere
closed, and a seal was put upon every man's mouth.

7 And the counsellors of the nation, and the wise men
thereof, ordered the written paper which James had de-
livered unto ^em to be read aloud j and the interpreta-
tion thereof was in this wise :

8 Lo ! the lords and the princes of the kingdom of
Britain, in the fulness of their pride and power, have
trampled upon the altar of Liberty, and violated the
sanctuary thereof :

9 I»asmuch as they hearkened not unto the voice of
moderation, when the cry of the people of Columbia
was. Peace ! peace !

to Inasmuch as they permitted not the tall ships of
Columbia to sail in peace on the waters of the mighty
deep ; saying in their hearts. Of these will we make
spoil, and they shall be given unto the king.

1 1 Inasmuch as they robbed the ships of Columbia
of the strong men that wrought therein, and took them
for their own use^ even as a man taketh his ox or liis

12 Inasmuch as they kept the men stolen from the
ships of Columbia in bondage many years, and caused
them to fight the battles of the king, even against their
own brethren ! neitlier gave they unto them silver or
gold, but many stripes.

13 Now the men of Columbia were not like ucto

WAH. n

th<* men of iJiitain ; for their backs wer^:^ not harden-
<»d unto the whip, as were the servants of the king ;
therefore they murmured, and their murmurings have
been heard.

14 Moreover, the Council of Britain sent forth a De-
cree to all the nations of the earth, "sealed with the signet
of the Prince Regent, who governed the nation in the
name of the king his father 5 for lo ! the king was pos-
sessed of an evil spirit, and his son reigned in his stead.

15 Now this Decree of the Council of Britain was
a grievous thing, inasmuch as it permitted not thoie who
dealt in merchandize to go whithersoever they chose, and
to trade freely with all parts of the earth.

1^ And it fell hard upon the people of Columbia ;
fi)r the king said unto them. Ye shall come with your
vessels unto me and pay tributCj then may ye depart to
another country.

17 Now these things pleased the pirates and the
cruisers of Britain mightily, because it permitted them to
rob the c-ommercc oi Columbia with impunity.

18 Furthermore, have not the servants of the king
leagued with the savages of the wilderness, and given
nnto them silver and gold, and placed the destroying en-
gines in their hands ?

19 Thereby stirring up the spirit of Satan within
:'i*^m, that they might spill the blood of the people of
*:oiLiiDibia; even the blood of our old men, our wives ^
^nd our little ones !

. 20 Thus, had Britain, in her heart, commenced War
-gainst tlic people of Columbia, whilst they cried aloud
"or peace : and when she smote them on the one check

■I'^y turned unto h'^r the other ^99.

\2 LA i-L

21 Now, tlicr - ^ fore, shall v/o. tho ind'pCiUicnt people
of Columbia, sit down silently, as slaves, and bow the
neck to Britain ?

22 Or, shall we, like ftiir forefathrrs, nobly a^;sert f>ur
rights, and defend that Liberty and I>nF,PFNDENCF
vAMi tke Lord bath given unto us ^

WAR. ^


Report of the Committee— Declaration of War.


JL 11 OW, when there was an end made of reading the
paper which James had written, the Sanhedrim com-
muned one with another touching the matter :

2 x\nd tliey chose certain wise men from among them
to deii])erate thereon.

3 And they commanded them to go forth from their
presence, for that purpose, and return again on the tiiird
day of the same month.

4 Now, when the tliird day arrived, at the eleventli
hour of the day, they came fortli and present^'d (liem-
selves before the Great Sanhedrim of the people.

5 And the chief of th€ wise men, whom they had
chosen, opened his mouth and spake unto tliem after this
manner :

6 Behold ! day and night have we meditated upon
the words which James hath delivered, and we are
weary withal, for in our hearts we desired peace.

7 But the wickedness of the kingdom of Great-
Britain, and the cruelty of the princes tliereof, towards
the peaceable inhabitants of the land of Columbia, may
be likened unto the fierce lion, when he putteth his paw
upon the innocent lamb to devour him.

8 Nevertheless, the lamb shall not be slain ; for the
Lord shall be his deliverer.

9 And if. p^radvev.trrc, the people of Columbia go

B 2


not out to battle against the kin<;, then will the manitold
wrongs committed against them be increased tenfold, and
they shall be as a mock and a bye-word among all nations.

10 Moreover, the righteousness of your cause shall
lead you to glory, and the pillars of your liberty shall
not be shaken.

11 Therefore, say we unto you. Gird on your swords
and go forth to battk against the king ; even against the
^rong powers of Britain 5 and the Lord God of Hosts
be with you.

12 Now when the great Sanhedrim of the people
lieard those things which the wise men had uttered, they
pondered them in thoir minds many da^'s, and weighed
tiiem well 9

13 Even until the seventeenth day of the month pon-
dered they in secret concerning the matter.

14 And it was so, that on the next day they sent forth
a Decree, making WAR upon the kingdom of Great
Britain, and upon the servants, and upon the slaves

15 And the Decree was signed with the hand writiii;^
of James, the chief Governor of the land of Columbia.

16 Aftei' these things, the doors of the chambers of
the Sanhedrim were opened.



Reception of the Declaration of War in Great Britain
— her friends in America — Caleb Strong — Hartford


.ND it came to pass, that when the princes and the
lords and the counsellors of Britain saw the Decree,
their wrath was kindled, and their hearts were ready to
burst with indignation.

2 For, verily, said they, this insult hath overflowed
the cup of our patience ; and now will we chastise the
impudence of these Yankees, and the people of Colum-
bia shall bow before the king.

3 Then will we rule them with a rod of iron ; and they
shall be, unto us, hewers of wood and drawers of water.

4 For, verily, shall we suflfer these cunning Yankees
to beard the mighty lion, with half a dozen fir-buih
frigates, the men whereof are but moixenary cowards —
*• bastards and outlaws ?"

5 Neither durst they array themselves in battle against
the men of BritaiH. No ! we will sweep them from the
face of the waters, and their name shall be heard no
more among nations.

6 Shall the proud conquerors of Europe not laugh to
scorn the feeble efforts of a iew unorganized soldiers, un-
disciplined, and fresh from the plough, the hoe, and the
mattock ?

7 Yea, they shall surely fall ; for they were not bred
<:o fighting as were the ser^-ants of the king.


8 Their large cities, tlieir towns, and their villages
will we burn with consuming fire,

9 Their oil, and their wheat, and their rye, and their
corn, and tlieir barley, and their rice, and their buck-
wheat, and their oats, and their llax, and all the products
of their country will we destroy, and scatter the remnants
thereof to the four winds of heaven.

10 All these things, and more, will we do unto this
froward people.

11 Neither shall there be found safetj- for age or sex
from the dc jtro3ung sword:; of the soldiers of the king ;

12 Save in those provinces and towns where dwell the
friends of the king , for, lo ! said thcy^ the king's friends
are many.

13 These will we spare; neither will we hurt a hair
of their heads : nor shall tlie savages of the wilderness
stain the scalping knife or the tomahawk with the blood
of the king's friends.

1 4 Now it happened, about this time, that there were
numbers of the inhabitants of the country of Cokmibia
whose hearts j-earned after the king of Britain.

15 And v,ith their fals€ flattering words they led as-
tray some of the fi lends of Columeia.n Liberty; for
their tongiics were smoother tlian oil.

16 Evil machinations entered into thtir hearts, and
the poison of iheir breath might be likened unto the
dee^Uy Bohon Upas, v, hich rears its lofty branches in
the barren valley of Java.*

* Of the existence of tJiis wonderful tree there have
been doubts : but the reader is referred to the relation
of P. IV. Foerchy who has given a satisfactory accowit
ofitf from his own travels in its nn^hhourhood.

WAR. r/

17 And thoy strove to dishcarteh the true friends of
the great Sanhednm ; but they prevailed act.

1 8 JMoreover, Satan entered into tlio heart of one of
the governors of the east, and he was led astray by the
wickedness thereof, even Caleb the Strong.

19 Now Caleb, which in the Cherokee tongue, signi-
fieth an ass, liked not the decree of the great Sanhedrim,
inasmuch as he favored the king of Britain ;

20 And, though willing to become a beast of burden,
yet would ke not move on account of his very great Stu-

21 And he said unto the c-aptains of the hosts of the
state over which he presided, Lo ! it seemeth not meet
unto me that ye go forth to battle against the king.

22 For, Lo ! are not the fighting men of Britain, ia
multitude, as the sand oh the sea shore ? and shall w-e
prevail against tirem ?

23 Are not the mighty ships of the king spread over
the whole face of the waters ? Is not Britam the " bul-
wark of our religion ?"

24 Therefore, I command that ye go not out to bal-
tl-^, but cveiy- mnn romniu in his owii house.

25 And all the gorornors of the east listened unto the
voice of Caleb.

2G Moreover, the angel of the Lord whispered into
the ear of Caleb, and spake unto him, saying,

27 If? peradventure, thou dost refuse to obey the laws
of the land, the thing will not be pleasant in the sight of
tlie Lord ;

28 Inasmuch as it may cause the people to rise up one
against another, and spill tlie blood of their own children ;

29 And the time of warfare will be lenaihened out,
and the blgod of thousands will be upon thine head.


30 And Satan spake, and said unto Caleb, i^ co.-: m».* j
for if thcu wiit forsake thy counrry, and throw oft" th'^
p-al try subterfuge of Columbian Liehhty, anduciythc
councils of the great Sanhedrim,

31 Then shall thy name be procktmied with the
sfeund of tlie trumpet throughout ail the earth ; and thou
shah be a prince and a ruler over this people.

32 Now the smooth words of Satan tickled Caleb
mightily, and he hearkened unlp the counsel of the
wicked one :

33 For the good counsel given u»to him was as wa-
ter thrown upon a rock.

34 But when the chief governor and the great Sanl>e-
drim of the people saw the wickedness of Caleb, their
hearts were moved with pity towards him and his folio w-
<^rs : yea^ even those who had made a convention at the
little town of Hartford.

35 Neither doth the scribe desire to dwell upon the
wickedness which came into the village of Hartford, the
signification of the name whereof, ia the vernacular
tongue, appeareth not.

36 For the meddling therewith is as the green pool of
unclean waters, when a man casteth a stooe therein

;VAK, i^


John Henry — Elijah Parish.


ET the children of Columbia beware of false pro-
phets which come in sheep's clothing ; for it is written,
Ye shall know them by their fruits.

2 Now it came to pass, that a certain man, whose sir-
r<ame was Henry, came before James, the chief go-
vernor, and opened his month, and spake unto him, say-

3 Lo ! If thou wilt give unto me two score and ten
thousand pieces of silver, then will I unfold unto thee thtj
witchcraft of Britain, that thereby thy nation may not be
caught in her snares.

4 And Jam^s said unto him. Verily, for th^e good of
my country I will do this tiling.

5 And immediately the man Henry opened his mouth,
a second time, and said,

6 Lo ! the lords and counsellors of Britain have
made a covenant with me, and have promised me many
pieces of gold if I would make a league with the pro-
vinces of the east that they might favour the king ; and
long and faithfully have I laboured in their cause.

7 But they deceived me, even as they would de-
ceive the people of Columbia ; for their promises are
as the idle wind that passeth by, which no man rc-

8 And, when he had gotten the silver into his own


hands he departed to the land of the Gauls, where he re-

1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Online LibraryGilbert J HuntThe late war between the United States and Great Britain from June, 1812, to February 1815 ... → online text (page 1 of 12)