Glenn Washington Herrick.

The Asiatic journal and monthly register for British and foreign ..., Volume 18 online

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THE



ASIATIC JOURNAL



ANO



MONTHLY REGISTER



FOB



ISriti0l^ BtO^U attH tt0 BfpettHntriM :



CONTAINING



OrigiiiA] Commmucationi.
Memoirs of EmiiMait Persons.
Hiitorj, Aotiqiiities, Poetry.
Natural History, Geography.
Bvriew of New Publications.
Debates at the Eatt-Indja House.
Proceedings of the Colleges of Hailey-

bury. Fort WilUam, and Fort St.

Ooorjge.
Incfia CiTil and Military Intelligence,

Appointments, Fhnnotions, Occur-

rcDceSy Births, Marriages, Deaths, &c.



Literary and Phflosophical Intelligence.

Home Intelligence^ Births, Marriagei,
Deaths, &c

Commercia], Shipping Intelligence, &c

Lists of pMseogers to and fkom India.

State of the London and India Markets.

Notices of Sales at the East-India House.

Times appointed for the EasUlndia Com-
pany's Ships for the Season.

Prices Current of East-India IVoduce.

India Exchanges and Company's Secu-
rities.

Daily Prices of Stocks, &c. &c. &c.



• • • • •
• • •• . .^ .




VOL. X VIII.
ULY TO DECEMBER, 1824. .":: :: - :



F.ONDON:

PRTFffilDFOR KINGSBURY, PARBURY, & ALLEN,
BOOK8ELLKRS Xa THK HONOURABLE EAST-INDIA COMPANY,



LBADBNHALL STRBBT.



1824.



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THE



ASIATIC JOURNAL



1 . *

roR



JULY, 1824.



.> . .J . i



SfC. Sfc. Sfc.



GENERAL VIEW OF THE NATIVE POWEftS OF INDIA;

ANli OF THiUR POLITICAL RELATIONS WITH
^ . . THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT.



. ^ . {ConHnued from Vol.

Oif rMttVifihg ourGeocaraiyiew of the
^iaCiV'e Powers of India, at the point
At whkh'we disoiiased the subject in a
former number, we .find ourselves suiv
rMUKlcifl by a milltiplidtj : qf petty
•taten, as ioci^at>I^ of int^fliang our
mder«. hyi «iy thii^ »«auur^ab]e in
their bi^nack4^<4iaracter,.a8 thej^ are
deititate^rp^itkaliD^ltance, Col-
lectiMy» bow«v«r,.thQF occupy a fpace
la ti»e gtt^nd j»e% and nmot there-
.(i% bo caraorily noticed.

Tbe#e ' jiraticipQlitie$ are dtm^ed to
flka yqiiiii qC^ IMlpoot stages* which
Ufe fdrea4y oocapied our • aftleption,
•«9d ftTtiaat n<Tnriy fmm Hindin on thlB
jrwtimM<ltfntlietftrovi<ca^<Ski«ierae.
Hie pjiatifiM aaaoog th«ii 'are Dhar,
Dbwa^ijBahffwatrah, Dongerpdre^Pur-
UaS^gai^t, Rirttam,. SaHa Mow, Ja-
h^oOk^^^AmyMu Whether Mah-
Mter Bigpoot, iinuNiah or xtfherwia^,
thtso atatta had beapi iadiflcrimiDaliieljr
conaig^Md to pldnder, or doopEoed to
.afloBd ihetoact^ fireefaootera^ during the
Jawleaa perioda that inmedktaljrtpre-
4aaded the auaccana ^thaBriciah ante
in thia qnirter. , At length, howerer,
dtmtie JoiiFfi.— No. 103.



tiicj are placed^ on tfaa usual ciDndi*
,tions, under the protection of a power
'that is abl6 and willing to dipftnd theau
*The rights of the raapediiyfi xliieFs^
'and the character of thQ native^ howT.
ever, varied and however pecntiaiyhaiff
4)eea daffe£uKyjui?aatigated uDdae ^ihe
siipedntendence of Sir Jchn Mikftlt»
aild ssch yfaugcinawtn haiap.becB'.
ma4e,ia flU instincea^aa to leave jkbeipk/
in thbB ua&tuifaed possession ' of aU
their. pAyiie^ and ' customs, so Uv
as r^gasds intermd goT^unent, while
fcb^are eflfe<;tpaUy protected against
.fi>reiga ilu'o^d andinlenudcomai^tio?.
The repoiit which is fiimiahed b^ Sir .
^ohn Maleehn 'hhnsiBlf, in his late in-
toreiiting work on Mahra, as td the
adraptages already derived by these
states from the friendly interference of
the British Government, is mostgratt-
^^ing. Foreign mercenaries are di^
bended, the natives have exehlnged
their predatory, courses Ibr the ^ wts .
•of peace and. culture of the plains^**
popidadoa is rapicily increasing, and .
towns aodviUages, 'wfaichik fisvrycifs
back presented a most gloonoy pkmse



General Ktew 9f Ike Native Fowen of India i



[July,



of desertion and dismay, are beginning
to assume an aspect of prosperity. Sir
John Malcolm, in speaking of Soand-
warrah, observes; "that country, in-
stead of being desolate, presents this
year [18S0] an increase of as many
ploughs as any part of the province ;
and of the twelve hundred mounted
robbers, who in 18l7fotmd shelter in its
fortresses, from whence theypliindered
the adjoining districts, there is not one
who now follows a predatory life.^'
• In giving a general and cursory view
of the several Rajpoot states, our prin-
cipal object has been to contrast thdr
late forlorn condition with the happy
situation in which they ^e now placed
by their treades of alliance with the
British Government. We have con-
sequently omitted to notice any thing
peculiarly characteristic of any one of
them, where the cause of such pe-
culiarity appeared to be contingent or
temporary. We cannot, however, dis-
miss this portion of our sketch without
adverting to one remarkable anomaly.
The (principality of Kotah, though
equally exposed with its sister states
to the arbitrary exactions of the Mah-
-rattiEU, from the moment when tbe
ktter acquired an ascendancy in this
quarter of India, had nevertheless ob-
tained an exemption from plunder for
many years iannediatdy preceding the



T^on, that he embraced with the uU
most eagerness the profiered terms of
British protection, and proved a most
valuable ally in the progress- of the
campaign, which terminated in the
suppression o that pow^ which next
to l^e Pindarries had been most active
in the desolation of Malwa.-^-'It is tkne
that we direct our attention to the
state to which we are alludmg.

The present possessions of Holcar
are so mingled with those of Ameer
Khan, Oufibor Khan, and many of the
small governments of which we have
iMten speaking, that it would be im-
possible to define them with any degree
of accuracy without becoming tediotis.
We must therefore content oarsdves
with observing that they are prindpally
bounded to the east by the territories
of Scindia, to the north and west by
the Rajpoot states and the province^of
Guzzerat, and to the south by the do-
minions of the Niaam and the BriUsh
territories newly conquered from the
Peishwah. Holcar was so completely
sidxiued by the British arms, that there
was no difficulty in obtaining the rati-
fication oflhe treaty which has effectu-
ally deprived him of all future means
of annoyance. - He was compelled to
make restitution to muiy of the Raj-
^poot states wiiose territories he had
sequestered, and was of course- de-



late arrangements. Zalim ^ingh, no- ^Murred from all future interference.



ninally the miniater of the 'Rajah,
but virtually the sovereign of Kotah,

' has long been remarksMe as a man
of extraordinary' talent, and of equal
prudence and address. By ingra^
tiatitig himself with those Mahrotta

•chiefs' whose vicinity more immedi-
ately threatened his districts, by keep-
ing on fHendly terms with all, and
even rendering himself essential to
their iaterests by his pecuniary con-
tracts with tbem^ he actually raised the
territories he governed from a state of
dq;>lorable wretchedness to one of
vigour and prosperity. Such, how-
ever, was the sense he tatfiri^baed of
the instability of his pow^, situated
as he was in the centre'of a hiwlcss



He is obliged also to subsidize- a
British force to be constantly statf^^
'ed in his territories. The intecpfU
government of the State is lefr, how-
ever, to the Holcar Durbar. Holear
himself is in a state of derangement;
a regency is therefore appointed con-
.sisting of certain members of his fa-
mily. The rapacity exercised by this
government has not so much been
owing to the disposition of the Durbar
itself, as to the lawless and turbulent
spirit of the army and its chiefs, and
the impossibility either of supporting
or disbimdiog them. An nnrestrained
•Beense of plunder has, of necessity,
therefore, been graotedby the govem-
mettt. In point of fact, the' gdrern-

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19H.]



\ of their PolUioal ReiaHptu with thg Briti$h Gcwtmrnetd.



is obl^ed to us for htving^rf*
stored order^aad rendtred it inde-
pendent of those restless spirits wbtf
were necessarily a terror to it. The
stete is now improTing rapidly in
cultivation and every useful art; bi^
the watchful attention of British super-
iotendenoe wHl long be essential to
sabdne every tendency to disorder in
a eountry, which, for many years> has
been a constant soene of anfifchy.

Aiasa Khan was persuaded at the
very comoiencemettt of the contest, to
come to terras with the British power.
Socfay however, was the turbnlence of
his own troops that he found it im-
possiUe to disband them. Thfty were
ttdLeo, therefore, into British pay ; since
iridch time our old enemy. Ameer
•JOaa, has been peaceably resldij^ui
the district, or rather Jahgire, secured
•»hiiD by his treaty. The capital of
tifa district is Seraoge.
• G«rFooKK8AW,«iiotherF^itanlea4er
under dK Holcar government^ has been
f e ^vcd * en similar terms. The Jah-'
|ire of this chieftain is situated to the
^ast of the Chumbul, in the neighbouru
hood of Mehudpore: it is a small
<fistrict, but has greatly improved in
resources since 1817* Guffoor Khan,
iastead of being a marauding chief,
itaimains, at the prMsnt time, a well-
aiottnted corps of sk hundred horse,
whidi is placed, at the disppsat of the
flMi^ Government, to assist in the

'4Mntenance of peace and ordtf in the

'■province ov Anuwa.

Before we take leave of this inte-
resting portion of oiv empire (for such
it Bi^ be strictly termed), it is right
that we should point out the principal
military stations whidi have been es-
tablished in it since 1817. They con-
sist of three, vis., Nnssetsbad, Nee-
•Wflh, and BfttMT-; which places have
been sdecied- as eentrri spots in what
have hitheita been the; most dkturbed
quarters. A better- fort' dnin Nusse-
MmmI could not h^rebeen fiked upon
forpreslerrin^ order amongst the' Raj-
pdot' states, for it is situated In the
Tcry centre of themy and where, In



general language, they may be said to
converge to a point. Nusserabad is
in the immediate neighbourhood of
^meer, which was formerly a city of
great consequence. In our treaties
with the Rajpoots we obtained the-
cession in perpetuity of the dty of
Ajmeer, and a smaH district immedf*'
ately round it. Neemuch, which is dtu-
ated ank>ngst the petty Rajpoot states
of Banswarrah, &c. &c., is certainly a
most important station, where there
is almost an infinity of contending
claims to be examined and adjusted.
The situation of Mhow is equally im-
portant to check the restless tem])er of
the Mahrattas, and effectually to pre-
vent any firesh organization of the
Pindarree system.

The only remaining state ^hich de-
mands our notice, as under thetarvftA
lance of the Prestdeney of Bengal,, is
the lai;9Bstin point of esUtwM that .has
yet been - mentioned, .though - much'
contracted by the issue of the late
war.- The dominions of the Booskah -
or Rajah of NAOPoas, form nearly an •.
equilateral triangle. They are ^epa-
ri^ from the territories of theKizam
by the rivers Godavery and Wurdab,
and from the British {)os8essions on
the &louth-£ast by a line drawn
from a few miles ^orth-West. of. Rul-
tunpore to.th/B confluence of the Go-
davery and a tributary, stream in lati-.
tudd 17*^ 30'. Another Mae drawn a
little to the South of Mandlah, sepa-
rates it again: iKMB the British districts
in Berar on the North. •

This state has been rather peculiariy
situated for several years, for aflcr the
deposition of Appah Sah^, the late
pooslah, it was discovered that there
was no individual of sufficient rank and
influence that was capable, of carrying,
on. the government of tl\^ cofiptry
under the new Rajah.. As a.temporary
arrangement therefore, Mr. Jenkkis,
the British resident,, wms obliged to
test the most important offices intfae
hands of British agents. ' This system;
is not to continue longer than is abso-
li^«ly necessary, but extensive as are

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4 .i'akrai

the territiMiBs of this state, Qo danger
b to be apprehended from the govern-
ment of the country reverting to na^
tive rulers, for the Mahratta . confis*
deracy is now so completely broken,
and the state of Nagpore itself (always
deficient in population) is so greatly re-
duced in power, and at the same time
to thoroughly insulated, that it can
never be the interest of future Rajahs
to destroy their connexion with the Bri-
tish Government, so long as our Indian



Smpire iremains in a stale ef internal
tranquillity. Moreover, it must not
be overlooked, that a British Resident
and a large subsidiary force will always
be stationed, as heretofore, at the ca^
pital of the Rajah's dominiojis.'

We shall defer our view of the Na-
tive States attached to the Presiden-
cies of Madras and Bombay to a future
Qumber.

(To be ConiinuecLj



FAIR AT POKHUR.



{Extrad of

Surcx the cstsblisbment qF the British
power in this part of India (Ajmeer),
£uropeaEns have had an opportunity of
visiting the Fokhur fair, an important
mart for horses, bullocks, and woollens.

Pokhnr . literally signifies a piece of
watsr, and this, from, its c^ebrity as a
place of Hindoo pilgrimage, requir?^ no
definition. Water in this part of India
has every daim to superior veneration,
fh>m the excessive drought that always
prevails; and this miserable puddle, si-
tuated just beyond a low range of hills to
fhe westward of Ajmeer, has in all proba-
Ulity attained its present estimation from
the simple circumstance that it is never
known to dry up. The legend of the
place states that the tank is bottomless ;
and good care is taken that no on^ shall
•ouad its depth ; it is, however, only ia
four places said to be so, and each place
#Bly the sise of the circumference of a
cow*s foot: the policy of this arrange-
ment of its mysteries is obvious enough ;
the priests, however, admit that the Em-
peror Akbar, when he made his famous
pilgrimage to Ajmeer, visited Pokhur,
and sounded for bottom; but it is only
admitted for tfie purpose of declaring that
ha ooold find nooe^ and ihat his line
vould hare descended to Puetal had it
bean lopig enough.*

Theptevailmg form of Siva at Pokhmi
is tiie Charmuflkbi,. which b sitf uncom-
moo ; and I hare some; Cunt recoUectkn
of a question being Ut^lj made in the
public prints, whether or not there was
fudiafonn of this god? If it is so un-



a Letter.)

usual, its existence here may be accdunted
for by supposing that at this congress of
gods, Mahadeo has, through courtesy to
the president, pocketted hia fiAh bcai,
whicb be is per^sps-entitled to wear flvm
havmg on some occasion deeapltated Bnd^
maof oneof hia; howeter, as Mr. Moore
■ays in his book, ''to destroy is m creata
in another form, hence Siva and Brahma
coalesce," anid if they coalesce anywhere
it is most likely to be at Pokpur. There
is some room for speculation here ; but for
a newspaper article It would be tedious
and jejune. But by far the most ancient
temple here is one dedicated to Mahadeo
liinga, and a pilgrimage to Pokhur Is
ineflbctual without an offering at this
shrine ; it is possibly the ancient wonhip
of Ifaephwa, and the Cesalor of the Worid
a mere intarioper ; but as this is heteiw*
doDcsl muttering it had better be dvopfe^
There is Mtde dae, on a saperfidal view,
amongst the divinities worthy of notice^
except that on the summit of a neigh-
bouring hill there is a temple and image
of Dahi, under the appellation of Pap
Mochni ; and it is amusing enough to ob-
serve the vast concourse of people scram-
bling up, bodi by day and night, to ob-
tsln a white-washing.

Here, too, remote as the place appears'
IroOL Mahomedan intrusion, is to be seen
the mosqne, built on the scite of an old
temple, and overhanging Ae principal
ghaut^ the most venerated spot at Fokhur ;
fisom a view of this, those fieeliagsof dis-
gust St the intrusion and intoleranca^ of
the lilah^medans rise oi^ the mi^id, as tbity



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Jfarlh^West-PaH9g»^Magiieii& Pifk.



flo when we contemplAte the MuMU-ote of
Benacea^ the Mu^ at Mutthora, and the
SaiDt Sopbia of Constantinople.
I I shall not dwell further od this gene-
Tt^y uninteresting subject, but conclude
with observing, that there is abundant
room at Pokhor for the observation of
Midi as are interested in Hinduism and
iti anCi^iities, and turn to that of the fair,
which most people will consider far more
nseful and interesting, as h includes where
a good and thmp horse is to be procured.

The full moon of the month Kartick is
the height of the fair ; at the moment of
full moon, whether it happens at midnight
or midUlay, every Hindoo at the place
rushes to the ghauts; the ablution then
effected, there remains nothing to be done,
and the fair breaks up suddenly. Five or
six dayv previous to the full moon the fhfr
fndualJy fills, and the shew of homed
Mttle is perhaps the finest in India. Ihej,
\ffmivw, sell extrem^ dear, one hundred
MfMsbeiog about the anunge pnce Of a
pHir of fipe yovmg bttUodcs; ft w of the
TCsl Harare buUoeka are to b6 met with,
those, ofiered for sale being a cross, I mat
fecddf of the Kagore and Muhwar.

The shew of horses this year was much
inferior to the last and other years: the
reason for which is unsatisfactorily at-
tempt to be accounted for ; tlie reverse
should certainly be the case, since the
greatest encoinragement has been given to
the bofse dealers by the superintendent of
.AJaseer; more vri^n 4ii» provmce could
■ot hm eflectcd ; H then rests with die
Goicniment nf the country to -amst thi*^
aai dslenoiatioii, by encouraging to 1h«
iriMpM both .the Tender and the purchaser.
P«ie-iMiig hae at all tones been found



»^r6rttticdt k ra g e m ent; and a'Cempany's
plate of fifty gold mOhurs for the horses of
the sit^on, or previpus season, would per-
haps be of more use than the abolition of
taxes, &c, drawbacks, if they may be
termed such, upoi? whldi more stress is
laid than they deserve in. India. I am
almost persuaded the horse-dealers ist these
remote fairs would rather be subject to a
trifling taxation than not ; they have ever
been used to one, it is the custom of the
country, it is the price of prptection from
all aggressions within the influence of the
authority that recaves it, and the act of
aggression is considered as an attack o«
tlie revenue of the state to which the Uir
belongs.

When it is considered what difficulties
exist in obtaining proper remounts for our
army, the first direction of our thoughts is
to the encouragement of the horse-fairs,,
and much will be due to him who can
strike' out somedifaig effectual on this head.

The hofses are principally of the Katty-
awar breeds and are geiieridly spSrfted,
active, and handsome ; there is more,
perhaps, a want of bone thah could' be
wished for, but there is a great indication
of universal blood for country horses, and
now a-days blood is allowed to make ^p
for bone.

TTie shew of young horses between two
and three years old is the most striking
feature of the horse fair, and a gop4
judge of a colt may here, for much less
iJian two hundred rupees a-head, purchase
this description of cattle, which the Go-
terament would be happy to purchase a
fe§f or so after fot double! that sum.—*
[John Sua,



NORTH-WEST PASSAGE— MAGNETIC POLE.
To the EdUor ef the Aiiatic Journal,



Sui : I formerly addressed you, in
a few psp^rs od the Variatipn ^ the
Mi^netic needky .as intimptely coo^
lected ^Ui the r^ceotly-discoYered.
Norik-West MugifeHc , Pole. Before
the ducoiFerjMhips sailed with a viewt
eC ptmtOmiXBg i*to the Hyperbereas
8ea,thiiN^ RefNftbeBaf, I stated the
r of 'WGcess, from i dose



examinatioD of former attempts in thai
direction. Too muob, however, ckn*
not be said in praise of the intrepidity
and pcrsererance with which tk^ en-
terpriaiDg commanders, and their offi-
cers and crew, forced, and overcame
dHSgers and difficulties pf the most
appalling description.

We are, demi-bfficially, given to

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iinderttaiid» tluit ^ fint object of tiia
present royage, will be to attempt to
attam to the North Goast of America,
through Prince Event's Channel, the
first on the left, after entering Lan-
cibter's Sound, now termed Barrow's
Straits. In the former royage, in the
height of summer, in those regions^
the ice was found to extend from side
to side at the bottom of this obanneL
Should the present summer prove un-
usually warm, there maybe a proba-
bility that this passage into the Hyper-
borean Sea will be practicable, thou^
experience militates against the sup-
position.

' Should this attempt prove abortive,
ulterior objects are not stated in the
public prints.

In the charts there appear four un-
explored channels, leaiding, probably,
into the Polar Basin. Should the dis-
coveryHihips get into an open sea,
through one of these, the difference
6f longitude to the meridian of Beh-
ring's Straits, would in reduced de*
grees, be soon run over ; thus proving .
tiiat the north-west passage can, or
cannot be effected in this direction, to
dies^ straits.

There can be no question as to the
actual existence of a north-west pas-
sage, while, at the same time, there



Online LibraryGlenn Washington HerrickThe Asiatic journal and monthly register for British and foreign ..., Volume 18 → online text (page 1 of 124)