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Memorable dates of Jewish history online

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28.

1038. — Hai Gaon, head of the school at Pumbaditha, d.

1832. — Lazarus Bendavid, Berlin, d.

1849. — James Darmstetter, Frencli Orientalist, b.

1900. — Mendel Hirsch, principal of the school at Frankfort, d.

1901. — Max Eing, poet, Berlin, d.

1903. — Leopold Pick, Austrian major and military author, Vienna,
d.

1903. — IvTahum Sachs, Hebrew pedagogic author, Warsaw, d.

1904. — Abraham B. Arnold, medical and Jewish author, San Fran-
cisco, d.

29.

1244.— Meir Halevi Abulafia, rabbi, Toledo, d.

1602. — John Lightfoot, Christian Hebraist, Stoke-on-Trent, b.

1714. — David Altaras, author, Venice, d.

1815. — Jacob Moses Lowenstein, chief rabbi, Amsterdam, d.

1819. — Isaac M. Wise, American rabbi, Steingrub, b.

1832. — Theodore Gomperz, philologist. University professor and

member of the Austrian House of Lords, Bruenn, b.
1834. — Chananja Cohen, Hebrew grammarian and lexicographer,

Florence, d.
1840. — Edunrd Schnitzer (Emin Pasha), explorer, b.



MKMOHABLE DATES — MARCH. 35

1848. — Civil equality grantod to Jews in the Kingdom of Sardinia.

1853. — Samuel Vita della Volta, physician and Hebrew author,
Mantua, d.

18(36. — Mendel Libowitz, Cb a si die rabbi, d.

1875. — David Aug. Eosenthal, convert, author of "Convertitenbil-
d'.M'/' Breslau, d.

1880. — H. B. Oppenheim, German politician and political econo-
mist, d.

1888. — Charles H. B. Alkan, French musician, d.

30.

1600. — Esther Chiera, favorite of the Sultan, murdered at Con-
stantinople.

1804. — Sol. Sulzer, cantor and composer, Hohenems, b.

1816. — Moritz Steinschneider, greatest Jewish bibliographer,
Prossnitz, b.

1873. — Abraham Camondo, philanthropist, Paris, d.

1880. — M. Wiener, Jewish historian, Hanover, d.

1888. — Emil Bessels, north pole explorer, d.

31.

1283. — Slaughter of Jews at Mulrichstadt.

1492. — Decree expelling Jews from Spain promulgated.

1722. — Campegius Vitringa, Dutch Hebraist, d.

1863. — Abraham Abraham, Jewish author, Liverpool, d.

1900. — Joseph Gruber, medical professor, Vienna, d.



36 JMEMORABLE DATES APRIL.

IV.

APRIL.



1793. — Hasharath Zebi school founded in Halberstadt.

1815. — Otto von Bismarck, German statesman of anti-semitic lean-
ings, b.

1828. — Max Biidinger, historian, Cassel, b.

18G7. — Hermann Schiff, satirical writer, Heine's cousin, Hamburg,
d.

1869. — Phobus Philippson, physician and author, d.

1882. — Disappearance of Esther Solymosi in Tisza Eszlar.

1897. — H. ]\fakower, Berlin Justizrath, and leader in the commun-
ity, d.

1899. — Baroness Clara de Hirsch, widow of the great philanthro-
pist, d.

2.

1620. — Isaac Usiel, preacher in the Portuguese congregation, Am-
sterdam, d.

1709. — Shemaja b. Abraham Bar, rabbi in Berlin, d.

1755. — E. Aryeh Lob (Levin Saul) chief rabbi of Amsterdam.

1791. — Count Mirabeau, advocate of Jewish emancipation, d.

1800. — Israel Deutsch, rabbi and champion of orthodoxy, Ziilz, b.

1806. — Gabriel Eiesser, fearless champion of the Jews, Hamburg,
b.

3.

1582. — Herzka b. Abba, commentator on Midrash Eabboth, Lem-

berg, b.
1634. — Jospe Hahn, author on ritual, Frankfort-on-M., d.
1673. — Eeuben Kohen b. Hoschke, author of Jalkut Eeubini,

Prague, d.



MEMORABLE DATES — APRIL. 37

1795. — Hirsh Kalischer, founder of Zionism, h.

1814. — David Altaras, Hebrew author, Venice, d.

1857. — Loew Schwab, rabbi in Budapest, d.

1870. — Philip Jaffe, German historian, d.

1884. — Ignaz Kuranda, Austrian politician, d.

1890.- — Arnaud Aron, chief rabbi at Strassburg, d.

1903. — Moses Eeichersohn, Hebrew grammarian. New York, d.



1693. — Isaac Aboab, Hebrew author, Amsterdam, d.

1763. — David Friinkel, rabbinical author, teacher of Mendelssohn,

Berlin, d.
1818. — M. Kohner, founder of the "Deutsch-Israelitischer Ge-

meindebund, Neumark, b.
1883. — Menahem Cattawi Bey "Egyptian Eothschild," d.
1886. — M. Warburg, member of Eeichstag, Altona, d.
1887. — Isaias Morgenstern, convert, d.



1760. — Jacob Hayim Abendana de Britto, chief rabbi, Amsterdam,

d.
1790. — Moses Ephraim Kuh, first German Jewish poet, Breslau, d.
1793. — Moses Dobruska (Thomas Schonfeld), convert, playwright,

Paris, guillotined.
1804. — M. J. Schleiden, natural scientist and defender of the Jews,

b.
1875. — Moritz Hess, Zionist, author of "Eome and Jerusalem,"

Paris, d.
1882. — M. Lilienthal, rabbi, Cincinnati, d.
1888. — Moritz von Goldschmidt, leader of Jewish community,

Vienna, d.
1891. — Isaac Pesaro Maurogonato, senator, Italy, d.
1900. — L. M. Simmons, rabbi, Manchester, d.



38 MEMORABLE DATES — ^APRIL.

6.

1804. — Zebi Hirsch Mecklenberg, Hebre\y author, Konigsberg, d.
1890. — W. von Boschan, alderman, Vienna, d.
1904. — Lazar Atlas, Hebrew essayist, Bialystok, d.



1615. — Guild riots in Worms.

1667. — Professor Carpzov, author of Critica Sacra, Liibeck, d.
1781. — Abraham Muhr, communal leader, Pless, b.
1815. — Marco Mortara, author of rabbinical works, b.
1868. — K. Heinemann, Swedish rabbi, d.

1900. — Isaac Eabinowitz, poet in modern Hebrew, New York, d.
1901. — Hillel Ivahane, teacher and worker for the "Enlighten-
ment," Bottuschan, d.



1845. — Solomon Eosenthal, writer and communal leader, Pest, d.
1904. — Chajim M. Horowitz, Hebrew author, Frankfort-on-M., d.

9.

1582. — Naphtali Herz ben ^feir, rabbi in Lemberg, d.

1723. — Lob iSTeumark, Hebrew grammarian, d.

1816. — Simcha Bunem Rappaport, rabbi and Talmudic author,

Bonn, d.
1879. — Karl Isidor Beck, German poet, convert, Vienna, d.
1891. — Adolf Saphir, missionary, nephew of the satirist, London,

d.

10.

1699. — Samuel Orgelt^, commentator on "Orach Chajim," Ham-
burg, d.
1719. — Simon Michael, court Jew, Vienna, d.
1728. — Solomon Ayllon, rabbi, Amsterdam, d.
1835. — Johann Schnitzler, medical professor. Gross Kanisza, d.



MEMORABLE DATES — APRIL. 39

1849. David Proops, last representative of the famous printing

firm, Amsterdam, d.
1858. — Jewish veterans receive permission to settle in Finland.

11.

1715.— Jacob Eodriguez Pereira, originator of deaf mute instruc-
tion, Berlanger, b.
1825. — Ferdinand Lasalle, Social Democratic agitator, b.
1864. — Elijah Bardach, Hebrew author, Lemburg, d.
1876. — Ludwig Traube, physician, Berlin, d.
1893. — Adolph Franck, French philosopher, Paris, d.

12.

1660.— Sheftel Hurwitz, Talmudic author, Vienna, d.

1740. — Simson Morpurgo, rabbi of Gradisca, opponent of Cabbala,

d.
1792. — H. J. Michael, eminent Bibliophile, b.
1804. — Abbe Liberman, convert, b.

1863.— Julius Barrasch, physician and author, Bucharest, d.
1863. — Siiskind Easchkow, Hebrew poet, d.
1886. — Arjeh Lob Jelin, Talmudic author, d.
1899. — A. B. Gottlober, Hebraic literateur, Bialystok, d.

13.

1823. — Eugene Manuel, poet and pedagogue, Paris, b.

1823.— Sabbato Morals, leader of American Orthodoxy, Leghorn,

b.
1850. — Bernhard Alexander, professor of philosophy, Budapest, b.
1866. — Naphtali Frankfurter, preacher, Hamburg, d.
1903. — Moritz Lazarus, philosopher, Meran, d.

14.

1660. — Seven Jews in Seville burnt at the stake.
1713. — Elijah Splra, author, Prague, d.



40 MEMORABLE DATES — ^APRIL.

1815. — Chajim Zebi Lerner, grammarian and literateur, b.

1882. — Ludwig Waldenburg, physician and professor in Berlin

University, d.
1890. — M. Lehmann, publicist, Mayence, d.
1897. — Lazar Wogue, French rabbi and author, d.

15.

1698. — Jacob Sasportas, rabbi, Amsterdam, d.

1815. — Eliezer Zebi Zweifel, Hebrew author, b.

1833. — Maurice Lowy, astronomer, Budapest, b.

1834. — Joseph Kohen Moline, poet, Brussels, b.

1839. — Emily Ludwig (Levy) juvenile writer, d.

1882. — Bruno Bauer, radical theologian and anti-semite, d.

1891. — Eduard Eenss, autlior of a Bible commentary, protestant

theologian, d.
1898, — Cesare Parenzo, Italian senator, ISTerva, d.
1900. — Dankmar Adler, architect, Chicago, d.
1903.— Gustav Gottheil, rabbi, New York, d.



16.

1203. — Menachem ben Jacob, teacher and poet. Worms, d.

1669. — Jonah Teomim, rabbi, Talmudist, Metz, d.

1717. — Abraham Broda, rabbi, rrankfort-on-]\L, d.

1729. — Jacob Eliezer Braimst-hweig, Talmudic author, Vienna, d.

1741. — Abraham Spitz, who purchased the freedom of the impris-
oned Jews of Buda, d.

1821. — D. A. Eosenthal, convert and author, d.

1858. — Alois Jeiteles, physician and writer, Briinn, d.

1862. — Samuel M. Mayer, convert, professor in Tiibingen, d.

1872. — Moritz Keichenheim, founder of the Orphan's Home, Ber-
lin, d.

1879. — L. Lazarus, director of rabbinical Seminar, Breslau, d.

1897. — Carl Lueger (anti-semite) installed Burgomaster of Vien-
na, d.



MEMOILABLE DATKS Al'lilL. 41

17.

1750._"General Eeglemenf' for the Prussian Jews.

1782.— Samuel Falk, the "Baal Shern" of London, d.

1798. — Kesettlement of Jews in Cologne.

1818. — Th. Creizenach, founder of the Reform Verein, later a con-
vert, b.

1888. — Abr. Warshawski, manufacturer and philanthropist, St.
Petersburg, d.

1894. — Fanny Neuda, authoress of prayer books for women, d.

18.

1735. — Ephraim Nabon, rabbinical author, Constantinople, d.
1783. — Bishop Kennicot, collector of Bible manuscripts, d.
180G. — Dr. Jonas Jeitteles, physician, Prague, d.
1845. — Simon von Lammel, financier, Prague, d.
1881. — Lord Beaconsfield, English statesman, convert, d.
1887. — Ignaz Eeich, author, Budapest, d.
1893. — Moses Eisman, Hebrew author, d.

1902.— Markus Wolf Hinrichsen, member of the Eeichstag, Ham-
burg, d.

19.

1383. — Many Jews killed in Mayence and Bacharach.

1287. — St. Werner of Bacharach, immortalized by Heine, d.

1G70. — Samson Bacharach, rabbi, Worms, d.

1670. — Solomon Marini, author of a commentary to Isaiah, Padua,

d.
1776. — Jacob Emden, Talmudic author, Altona, d.
1813. — Jacob Fischel, alienist, b.
1814. — Moses Philippson, author, Dessau, d.
1819. — S. L. Schwabacher, rabbi of Odessa, b.
1820. — George Levin, medical professor, b.
1872. — Herman Frenkel, deputy to Galician diet, d.
1903. — Massacre in Kishineff.



42 MEMORABLE DATES APRIL.



20.



1344. — Levi ben Gerson, philosopher, mathematician, translator,
commentator. Southern France, d.

1632. — Xicolas Anthoine, protestant clergyman, proselyte, burnt
at the stake, Geneva.

17'J'2.^Israel Levi ben Moses, astronomer, Brody, d.

1834. — A. Th. Hartman, anti-semite, theologian, Rostock, d.

1851. — Isaac Erter, physician, satirist, Brody, d.

1871. — Jacob Tugendhold, Polish author and director of the rab-
binical seminary, Warsaw, d.

1888. — Samuel Poljalcoff, Eussian railroad constructor, philanthro-
pist, d.

1893. — Wilhelm Lowenthal, investigator of the Argentine colonies,
Berlin, d.

1895. — Joseph Heimann Caro, Talmudic author, Wloclawek, d.

1897. — W. Herzberg, German author, Brussels, d.

21.

1481. — Jews in Seville burnt at the stake.

1585. — Moses di Trani, Talmudic author, Safed, d.

1840. — A. S. Weismann, Hebrew literateur, b.

1843. — Duke of Sussex, advocate of the Jews, d.

1870. — Wolfgang Wessely, religious author, jurist, professor in

Prague University, Vienna, d.
189G. — Moritz v. Hirsch, philanthropist, d.

22.

1759. — Israel Riess, author of "Sheerith Israel," twenty years of
age, d.

1767. — Baruch Jeitteles, Jewish author, Prague, b.

1863. — Gabriel Riesser, champion of the rights of the Jews, Ham-
burg, d.

1881. — Joseph Goldmark, member of the Austrian Parliament,
New York, d.

1900. — Louis Bein, author on political economy, d.



MEMORABLE DATES — APRIL. 43



23.



1283. — In Briickenhausen sixteen Jews were killed.

1622. — Jacob Horwitz, Talmudic author, d.

1797. — Solomon Plessner, leader of modern orthodoxy, Breslan, b.

1859. — Lazar Scheineanii, Koumanian philologist, convert, b.

1884. — Anton Asher, actor, Meran, d.

24.

1439. — Abigedor Kara, writer on theology, Prague, d.
1790. — Meir Margalioth, rabbi and Talmudic author, Ostrog, d.
1887.— Joseph Levi, editor of "Mose," Corfu, d.
1889. — Sol. Formstecher, rabbi, Offenbach, d.

25.

1221. — Baruch ben Samuel, Talmudist and liturgical poet. May-
ence, d.

1599. — Oliver Cromwell, friend of the Jews, b.

1796. — Joseph von Geldern, pliysician, uncle of Heine, Diisseldorf,
d.

1808.— Gustav Weil, Orientalist, Heidelberg, b.

1828. — Law concerning Jewish affairs in Wiirtemberg promul-
gated.

1846. — Judah Bacharach, rabbi and Talmudic author, Seiny, d.

26.

1793. — Joseph Teomiro, author of Peri Megadim, Prankfort-on-

0., d.
1817. — Joseph Baron von Sonnenfels, convert, humanitarian

statesman, Vienna, d.
1829. — Th. Billroth, known for his hostile judgment in the case

of Jewish students and his public stand against auti-

semitism, b.



44 MEMORABLE DATES — APRIL.

1850. — Leo Wolf, author of medical works and one of the found-
ers of the "Temple," Hamburg, d.

1878. — David Deutsch, leader of Hungarian orthodoxy, rabbi of
Balassa Gyarmath, d.

1883. — Sam. Alex. Byck, banker and writer on philosophy, Leip-
zig, d.

1891. — Joachim Oppenheim, rabbi in Thorn and Hebrew author,
Berlin, d.

1893. — Abraham E. Pumpiansky, rabbi at Kiga, d.

1903. — Jewish Theological Seminary in New York dedicated.



27.

1293. — Meir ben Baruch of Kothenburg, in the prison of Ensis-

heim, d.
1822. — Sol. Lowisohn, author of a Jewish history, Vienna, d.
1822. — U. S. Grant, President of the United States, known for an

anti-Jewish document, b.
1826. — Eleazar Fleckeles, rabbi and Talmudic author, Prague, b.
1859. — Isaac Lyon Goldsmid, advocate of Jewish rights, London,

d.

28.

15G0. — Kalmann Worms, rabbi, Lemberg, d.

1778. — Schmelke Horwitz, rabbi and cabbalist, Nikolsburg, d.

1834. — Samuel Trabotti, philanthropist, Mantua, d.

1860. — Isaac da Costa, Dutch poet, Amsterdam, d.

1896. — H. V. Treitschke, anti-semite, d.

29.

1280.— E. Isaac of Corbeil, author of the "Semak," d.
1614. — Joshua Falk Kohen, "Sema," rabbi, Lemberg, d.
1679. — Joshua di Silva, Chacham, London, d.
1793. — Ezekiel Landau, rabbi and writer on the Halachah, Prague.
d.



MEMORABLE DATES — APRIL. 45

1819. — Moses Angel, director of the "Jews Free School," Lon-
don, b.

1864. — David Samosch, author and translator of poems in He-
brew, d.

1881. — Anton S. Adam Solomon, sculptor, Paris, d.

29.

1885. — Moritz Dessauer, Landesrabbiner, Meiningen, d.

30.

1637. — Abraham Katzenelenbogen Ashkenazi, rabbi, Lemberg, d.
1833. — Baruch Auerbach Orphan Asylum in Berlin opened.
1850. — Solomon Sachs, translator and commentator of Jeremiah,

d.
1895. — Gustav Freytag, author of "Soil und Haben."



46 MEMORABLE DATES — MAY.

V.

MAY.



1572 — Moses Isserles, codifier "Eemo," Cracow, d.

1700. — Joseph Athias, publisher, Amsterdam, d.

1775. — Israel Lyons, astronomer and mathematician, London, d.

1801. — Hermann Schiff, German writer, b.

1805. — Johann Jacoby, German politician, Ivoenigsberg, b.

1808. — Francis Henry Goldsmid, M. P., first Jemsh lawyer in
England, b.

1817. — Karl Isidor Beck, German poet, convert, b.

1849. — Isaac Bernays Chacham, Hamburg, d.

1885. — David Gordon, Hebrew writer, d.

1893. — Abraham Sack, author and merchant, Berlin, d.

1899. — Joel Dentsch, principal of the Jewish deaf and dimib in-
stitute, Vienna, d.

1900. — Baron Moritz von Cohn, banker of Emperor William, d.

1901. — Jacob Freiherr von Mayer, Koburg, d.

1902. — Theodore Klein, medical writer, member of Paris consis-
tory, Paris, d.

2.

1634. — Jacob Bassewi, ennobled financier, Prague, d.

1718. — Zebi Ashkenazi, rabbi, Lemberg, d.

1784. — Marks Haindorf, founder of Haindorf Institute at Miin-

ster, b.
1793. — Jacques Leon Aronsohn, medical professor, Strassburg, b.
1832. — Abraham Berliner, Jewish historian, Oljcrsitzko, b.
1836. — Aaron Worms, Talmudic author, IVIetz, d.
1860. — Theodor Herzl, leader of the Zionistic movement, author of

"Jewish State," Budapest, b.



MEMORABLE DATES — MAY. 47

18G2. — Joseph Wollt', English missionar}', convert, d.

1864, — Giacomo Meyerbeer, musical composer, d.

1878. — Francis Henry Goldsmid, member of Parliament, d.

1893. — Johann Schnitzler, throat specialist, university professor,

Vienna, d.
1899. — Martin Eduard von Simson, President of German Eeich-

stag, convert, d.

3.

1096. — A number of Jews killed by crusaders in Speier, Germany.
1407. — Israel of Krems appointed "Eeichshochmeister."
1583. — Isaac Mehling, rabbi in Prague, d.
1616. — Meir of Lublin, rabbi and Talmudic author, d.
KioT). — iVbraham Nunez Bernal burnt at Cordova, d.
1665. — Massacre of the Jews of Lemberg, instigated by Jesuits.
1703. — Samuel Oppenheimer, renowned financier, Vienna, d.
1871. — Edward Munk philologist, Glogau, d.

1883. — Temporary laws against Jews promulgated in Russia (IMay
Laws, 15 May).

4.

1758. — Solomon Lipschitz, cantor, wrote book for cantors, Metz, d.

1789. — Angelo Paggi, Jewish author, Siena, b.

1816. — Joseph Franco, violinist, b.

1852. — Moses Landau, editor of the Aruch, Prague, d.

1864. — Israel Joseph Benjamin II., traveler, d.

1875. — Heinrich Ewald, exegete, Goettingen, d.

1875. — Michael Levi, publisher, Paris, d.

1903. — Emile Dreifus, Brisac, French medical author, Paris, d.

5.

1624. — Priests in Coimbra burned Dr. Antonio Homem, a convert

to Judaism.
1767. — Isaac Levi Hiirwiiz, i-abhi and author, Altona, d.
1821. — Napoleon, who called Sanhcdrin together, d.



48 MEMORABLE DATES — MAY.

1839. — Eduard Gans, jurist and philosopher, professor at Berlin,

a convert, d.
1859. — Mordecai Zebi Mane, painter and Hebrew poet, b.

6.

1629. — Chajim Vital, founder of Lurianian mysticism, Damascus,
d.

1664. — Abraham ben Solomon killed at Lemberg.

1747. — Moses Chajim Luzzato, neo-Hebraic poet, d.

1781. — Beer Lema, Talmudic writer, d.

1785. — Saul Halevi, rabbi, Hague, d.

1786. — Ludwig Boerne, author, convert, Frankfort-on-M., b.

1830. — Abraham Jacobi, medical professor, Hartum, b.

1831. — Samuel I. J. Scheresehewski, convert, missionary, trans-
lated Bible into Chinese, Tauroggen, b.

1838. — Samuel Loeb Kauder, rabbi, Prague, d.

1839. — Joseph iSTeuwirth, Austrian politician and political econo-
mist, Triesch, b.

1842. — Isaac Spitz, rabbi and author, Jungbunzlau, d.

1848. — Hermann L. Strack, Christian advocate of Jews, b.

1859. — Alexander von Humboldt, author, friend of Jews, d.

1889. — Chajim Zebi Lerner, Hebrew writer, d.

1889 — August Abrahamson, Gothenburg, promoter of trade school
system, d.

7.

1880. — Leone Levi, juristic writer, London, d.
1884. — Beer Goldberg, Hebrew literateur, Paris, d.



1664. — Some Jews were killed at Lemberg.

1806. — Feibus Cohen, rabbinical writer, d.

1811. — Ignaz Kuranda, Austrian politician, b.

1819. — David Levi, Italian poet, b.

1878. — Meyer Auerbach, chief rabbi of Jerusalem, d.

1884. — Judah P. Benjamin, American statesman, London, d.



MEiMOUABLK DATES MAY. 49

9.

1572. — Moses Beschitzi, Karaitic writer, d.

1664. — Two teachers of the Talmud were killed at Lemberg.

1735. — Jonas Jeiteles, M. D., Prague, b.

1773. — Moses Philippson, religious author, b.

1800. — Justus Olshausen, exegete and grammarian, b.

1824. — Jacob Bachrach, Hebrew writer, Seiny, b.

1867. — Sigismund Stern, leader of Eeform movement, Frankfort-

on-M., d.
1899. — Simon Samuel, professor of medicine, Koenigsberg, d.
1901. — .fenny Gross, actress, Berlin, d.

10.

1683. — Abraham Lopez Pereira and Isaac da Fonseca were burned.
1795. — Joachim Edler von Popper, financier and benefactor,

Prague, d.
1879 — Benzion Berkowitz, Hebrew writer, Wilna, d.
1885. — Ferdinand Hiller, composer, convert, d.
1888. — Michael Heilprin, celebrated scholar, New York, d.

11.

1785. — G. B. Depping, Jewish historian (Christian), Miinster, b.

1823. — Asher Ginsburg, Jewish scholar, d.

1886. — Isidore Calisch, American rabbi, d.

1892. — Joseph Beer Solowejczyk, Talmudic author, Brest, d.

1902. — Ascher I. Myers, publisher of Jewish Chronicle, London, d.

13.

1751. — Petachjah ben David of Lida, Frankfort-on-M., d.

1805. — Julius Fuerst, professor of the University of Leipzig, bib-
liographer, Zerkow, b.

1807. — Samuel Breinersdorf, medical AVi'iter, Breslau, d.

1817. — Laws enacted in Holland compelling communities to or-
ganize public schools.



50 MEMORABLE DATES — MAY.

1832. — Jacob Freiherr von Mayer, manufacturer, Bibra, b.
1858. — J. G. B. Winer, Christian Hebraist, Leipzig, d.
1862. — Samson Wolf Eosenfeld, rabbi at Bamberg, author, d.
1873. — Gideon Brecher, M. D., Jewish writer, Prossnitz, d.
1884. — Benjamin Hollaender, manufacturer and Hebraist, Leob-

schiitz. d.
1900. — Attilio Luzzato, Italian politician and editor, d.

13.

1728. — Isaac Chajim Cantarini, author, d.

1779. — Jacob Solomon Bartholdy, Prussian statesman, convert, b.

1782. — Fr. Albrecht Augusti, convert, Eschwege, d.

1792. — Pius IX., author of the "Syllabus of Errors," responsible

for the kidnapping of Mortara, b.
1799. — Isaiah (Pick), Berlin, Talmudic author, d.
1829. — Marcus Jastrow, rabbi and author, Eogasen, b.
1872. — Moritz Hartmann, German poet, d.
1873. — Emanuel Deutsch, author of an essay on the Talmud,

Alexandria, d.
1896. — Germain See, professor and author of medical works, Paris,

d.
1900. — Hermann Levi, musician and convert, Munich, d.

14.

1726. — Moses Darshan, rabbinical writer, d.

1803. — Solomon Munk, Orientalist, member of Academy of France,

Glogau, b.
1864. — M. H. Breslau, Anglo- Jewish author, London, d.
1869. — Gabriel Polak, pedagogue and author, Amsterdam, d.
1873. — Prussian laws concerning status of Jews enacted.
1875. — Gottfried Bemhardy philologist, convert, d.
1886. — S. E. Berolzheimer, first Jewish judge in Bavaria, Fiirth,

d.
1889. — Samuel Hirsch, American Reform rabbi, d.



MEMOKABLE DATES — JiAY. 51

1892. — A. S. Weissmann, Hebrew author, Vienna, d.

1902. — Giuseppe Ottoienghi, appointed Minister ot War in Italy.

15.

1GG4. — -Chajim ben Mordecai, killed at Lemberg.

1792.^ — James Kothschild, founder of the Paris house, Frankfort-

on-M., b.
1822. — Leopold Kompert, ghetto novelist, Miinchen-Gratz, b.
18-17. — Daniel O'Connell, Catholic advocate of Jewish rights, d.
1850. — Wolf Hamburger, famous Talmudist, Fiirth, d.
18T8. — Solomon van Nierop, Dutch lawyer, communal leader, d.
1887. — Dr. Wilhelm v. Kcinigswarter, philanthropist, d.
1896. — Lambert, French general, Paris, d.
1904. — Chajim Selig Slonimsky, Hebrew scientist, Warsaw, d.

16.

1659. — Campegius Yitringa, Dutch theologian, author of "De

Synagoga Vetere," b.
17G7. — Samuel Borchart, author of Biblical zoolog}% Caen, d.
1775. — Veitel Heine Ephraim, mint master, Berlin, d.
1789. — Michael Creizenach, Eeform writer, Mayence, b.
1799. — Alexander McCaul, missionary to the Jews, Dublin, b.
1807. — Joseph Abraham Steblicky, proselyte at Nicolai, Silesia, d.
1823. — Heimann Steinthal, philosopher and philologist, Grobzig, b,
1826. — David B. Adler, Danish politician, b.
1828.— Wilhelm v. Eothschild, Frankfort-ou-M., b.
1831. — Samuel Hirschfelder, painter, Dettensen, b.

17.

1617.- — Ijob Saraval, rabbi at ]\rantua, d.

1748. — Shabbetai Marini, physician and poet, Padua, d.

1779. — Eaphael Levi, mathematician and astronomer, Hanover, d.

1780.— Moses Serach Eidlitz, author of an arithmetic, Prague, d.



52 MEMORABLE DATES — MAY.

1820. — Israel Hildesheimer, leader of German orthodoxy, Halber-

stadt, b.
1895. — Wilhelm von Gutmann, financier and commercial leader,

Vienna, d.
1899. — Joseph Eabbinowitz, founder of Jewish Christian sect "N'ew

Israel," Kishinew, d.

18.

1729. — Mordecai Mokiach, Shabbatean propagandist, Pressburg, d.

1837. — W Steinitz, chess player, Prague, b.

1843. — Samuel Chajim Lolli, poet and grammarian, Gorice, d.

1865. — David Frankel, editor "Sulamith,'' Dessau, d.

1887. — Wolf Kaplan, Hebrew author, Riga, d.

1888. — Hirsch Ornstein, rabbi, Lemberg, d,


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