1038. ā Hai Gaon, head of the school at Pumbaditha, d.
1832. ā Lazarus Bendavid, Berlin, d.
1849. ā James Darmstetter, Frencli Orientalist, b.
1900. ā Mendel Hirsch, principal of the school at Frankfort, d.
1901. ā Max Eing, poet, Berlin, d.
1903. ā Leopold Pick, Austrian major and military author, Vienna,
1903. ā IvTahum Sachs, Hebrew pedagogic author, Warsaw, d.
1904. ā Abraham B. Arnold, medical and Jewish author, San Fran-
1244.ā Meir Halevi Abulafia, rabbi, Toledo, d.
1602. ā John Lightfoot, Christian Hebraist, Stoke-on-Trent, b.
1714. ā David Altaras, author, Venice, d.
1815. ā Jacob Moses Lowenstein, chief rabbi, Amsterdam, d.
1819. ā Isaac M. Wise, American rabbi, Steingrub, b.
1832. ā Theodore Gomperz, philologist. University professor and
member of the Austrian House of Lords, Bruenn, b.
1834. ā Chananja Cohen, Hebrew grammarian and lexicographer,
1840. ā Edunrd Schnitzer (Emin Pasha), explorer, b.
MKMOHABLE DATES ā MARCH. 35
1848. ā Civil equality grantod to Jews in the Kingdom of Sardinia.
1853. ā Samuel Vita della Volta, physician and Hebrew author,
18(36. ā Mendel Libowitz, Cb a si die rabbi, d.
1875. ā David Aug. Eosenthal, convert, author of "Convertitenbil-
d'.M'/' Breslau, d.
1880. ā H. B. Oppenheim, German politician and political econo-
1888. ā Charles H. B. Alkan, French musician, d.
1600. ā Esther Chiera, favorite of the Sultan, murdered at Con-
1804. ā Sol. Sulzer, cantor and composer, Hohenems, b.
1816. ā Moritz Steinschneider, greatest Jewish bibliographer,
1873. ā Abraham Camondo, philanthropist, Paris, d.
1880. ā M. Wiener, Jewish historian, Hanover, d.
1888. ā Emil Bessels, north pole explorer, d.
1283. ā Slaughter of Jews at Mulrichstadt.
1492. ā Decree expelling Jews from Spain promulgated.
1722. ā Campegius Vitringa, Dutch Hebraist, d.
1863. ā Abraham Abraham, Jewish author, Liverpool, d.
1900. ā Joseph Gruber, medical professor, Vienna, d.
36 JMEMORABLE DATES APRIL.
1793. ā Hasharath Zebi school founded in Halberstadt.
1815. ā Otto von Bismarck, German statesman of anti-semitic lean-
1828. ā Max Biidinger, historian, Cassel, b.
18G7. ā Hermann Schiff, satirical writer, Heine's cousin, Hamburg,
1869. ā Phobus Philippson, physician and author, d.
1882. ā Disappearance of Esther Solymosi in Tisza Eszlar.
1897. ā H. ]\fakower, Berlin Justizrath, and leader in the commun-
1899. ā Baroness Clara de Hirsch, widow of the great philanthro-
1620. ā Isaac Usiel, preacher in the Portuguese congregation, Am-
1709. ā Shemaja b. Abraham Bar, rabbi in Berlin, d.
1755. ā E. Aryeh Lob (Levin Saul) chief rabbi of Amsterdam.
1791. ā Count Mirabeau, advocate of Jewish emancipation, d.
1800. ā Israel Deutsch, rabbi and champion of orthodoxy, Ziilz, b.
1806. ā Gabriel Eiesser, fearless champion of the Jews, Hamburg,
1582. ā Herzka b. Abba, commentator on Midrash Eabboth, Lem-
1634. ā Jospe Hahn, author on ritual, Frankfort-on-M., d.
1673. ā Eeuben Kohen b. Hoschke, author of Jalkut Eeubini,
MEMORABLE DATES ā APRIL. 37
1795. ā Hirsh Kalischer, founder of Zionism, h.
1814. ā David Altaras, Hebrew author, Venice, d.
1857. ā Loew Schwab, rabbi in Budapest, d.
1870. ā Philip Jaffe, German historian, d.
1884. ā Ignaz Kuranda, Austrian politician, d.
1890.- ā Arnaud Aron, chief rabbi at Strassburg, d.
1903. ā Moses Eeichersohn, Hebrew grammarian. New York, d.
1693. ā Isaac Aboab, Hebrew author, Amsterdam, d.
1763. ā David Friinkel, rabbinical author, teacher of Mendelssohn,
1818. ā M. Kohner, founder of the "Deutsch-Israelitischer Ge-
meindebund, Neumark, b.
1883. ā Menahem Cattawi Bey "Egyptian Eothschild," d.
1886. ā M. Warburg, member of Eeichstag, Altona, d.
1887. ā Isaias Morgenstern, convert, d.
1760. ā Jacob Hayim Abendana de Britto, chief rabbi, Amsterdam,
1790. ā Moses Ephraim Kuh, first German Jewish poet, Breslau, d.
1793. ā Moses Dobruska (Thomas Schonfeld), convert, playwright,
1804. ā M. J. Schleiden, natural scientist and defender of the Jews,
1875. ā Moritz Hess, Zionist, author of "Eome and Jerusalem,"
1882. ā M. Lilienthal, rabbi, Cincinnati, d.
1888. ā Moritz von Goldschmidt, leader of Jewish community,
1891. ā Isaac Pesaro Maurogonato, senator, Italy, d.
1900. ā L. M. Simmons, rabbi, Manchester, d.
38 MEMORABLE DATES ā ^APRIL.
1804. ā Zebi Hirsch Mecklenberg, Hebre\y author, Konigsberg, d.
1890. ā W. von Boschan, alderman, Vienna, d.
1904. ā Lazar Atlas, Hebrew essayist, Bialystok, d.
1615. ā Guild riots in Worms.
1667. ā Professor Carpzov, author of Critica Sacra, Liibeck, d.
1781. ā Abraham Muhr, communal leader, Pless, b.
1815. ā Marco Mortara, author of rabbinical works, b.
1868. ā K. Heinemann, Swedish rabbi, d.
1900. ā Isaac Eabinowitz, poet in modern Hebrew, New York, d.
1901. ā Hillel Ivahane, teacher and worker for the "Enlighten-
ment," Bottuschan, d.
1845. ā Solomon Eosenthal, writer and communal leader, Pest, d.
1904. ā Chajim M. Horowitz, Hebrew author, Frankfort-on-M., d.
1582. ā Naphtali Herz ben ^feir, rabbi in Lemberg, d.
1723. ā Lob iSTeumark, Hebrew grammarian, d.
1816. ā Simcha Bunem Rappaport, rabbi and Talmudic author,
1879. ā Karl Isidor Beck, German poet, convert, Vienna, d.
1891. ā Adolf Saphir, missionary, nephew of the satirist, London,
1699. ā Samuel Orgelt^, commentator on "Orach Chajim," Ham-
1719. ā Simon Michael, court Jew, Vienna, d.
1728. ā Solomon Ayllon, rabbi, Amsterdam, d.
1835. ā Johann Schnitzler, medical professor. Gross Kanisza, d.
MEMORABLE DATES ā APRIL. 39
1849. David Proops, last representative of the famous printing
firm, Amsterdam, d.
1858. ā Jewish veterans receive permission to settle in Finland.
1715.ā Jacob Eodriguez Pereira, originator of deaf mute instruc-
tion, Berlanger, b.
1825. ā Ferdinand Lasalle, Social Democratic agitator, b.
1864. ā Elijah Bardach, Hebrew author, Lemburg, d.
1876. ā Ludwig Traube, physician, Berlin, d.
1893. ā Adolph Franck, French philosopher, Paris, d.
1660.ā Sheftel Hurwitz, Talmudic author, Vienna, d.
1740. ā Simson Morpurgo, rabbi of Gradisca, opponent of Cabbala,
1792. ā H. J. Michael, eminent Bibliophile, b.
1804. ā Abbe Liberman, convert, b.
1863.ā Julius Barrasch, physician and author, Bucharest, d.
1863. ā Siiskind Easchkow, Hebrew poet, d.
1886. ā Arjeh Lob Jelin, Talmudic author, d.
1899. ā A. B. Gottlober, Hebraic literateur, Bialystok, d.
1823. ā Eugene Manuel, poet and pedagogue, Paris, b.
1823.ā Sabbato Morals, leader of American Orthodoxy, Leghorn,
1850. ā Bernhard Alexander, professor of philosophy, Budapest, b.
1866. ā Naphtali Frankfurter, preacher, Hamburg, d.
1903. ā Moritz Lazarus, philosopher, Meran, d.
1660. ā Seven Jews in Seville burnt at the stake.
1713. ā Elijah Splra, author, Prague, d.
40 MEMORABLE DATES ā ^APRIL.
1815. ā Chajim Zebi Lerner, grammarian and literateur, b.
1882. ā Ludwig Waldenburg, physician and professor in Berlin
1890. ā M. Lehmann, publicist, Mayence, d.
1897. ā Lazar Wogue, French rabbi and author, d.
1698. ā Jacob Sasportas, rabbi, Amsterdam, d.
1815. ā Eliezer Zebi Zweifel, Hebrew author, b.
1833. ā Maurice Lowy, astronomer, Budapest, b.
1834. ā Joseph Kohen Moline, poet, Brussels, b.
1839. ā Emily Ludwig (Levy) juvenile writer, d.
1882. ā Bruno Bauer, radical theologian and anti-semite, d.
1891. ā Eduard Eenss, autlior of a Bible commentary, protestant
1898, ā Cesare Parenzo, Italian senator, ISTerva, d.
1900. ā Dankmar Adler, architect, Chicago, d.
1903.ā Gustav Gottheil, rabbi, New York, d.
1203. ā Menachem ben Jacob, teacher and poet. Worms, d.
1669. ā Jonah Teomim, rabbi, Talmudist, Metz, d.
1717. ā Abraham Broda, rabbi, rrankfort-on-]\L, d.
1729. ā Jacob Eliezer Braimst-hweig, Talmudic author, Vienna, d.
1741. ā Abraham Spitz, who purchased the freedom of the impris-
oned Jews of Buda, d.
1821. ā D. A. Eosenthal, convert and author, d.
1858. ā Alois Jeiteles, physician and writer, Briinn, d.
1862. ā Samuel M. Mayer, convert, professor in Tiibingen, d.
1872. ā Moritz Keichenheim, founder of the Orphan's Home, Ber-
1879. ā L. Lazarus, director of rabbinical Seminar, Breslau, d.
1897. ā Carl Lueger (anti-semite) installed Burgomaster of Vien-
MEMOILABLE DATKS Al'lilL. 41
1750._"General Eeglemenf' for the Prussian Jews.
1782.ā Samuel Falk, the "Baal Shern" of London, d.
1798. ā Kesettlement of Jews in Cologne.
1818. ā Th. Creizenach, founder of the Reform Verein, later a con-
1888. ā Abr. Warshawski, manufacturer and philanthropist, St.
1894. ā Fanny Neuda, authoress of prayer books for women, d.
1735. ā Ephraim Nabon, rabbinical author, Constantinople, d.
1783. ā Bishop Kennicot, collector of Bible manuscripts, d.
180G. ā Dr. Jonas Jeitteles, physician, Prague, d.
1845. ā Simon von Lammel, financier, Prague, d.
1881. ā Lord Beaconsfield, English statesman, convert, d.
1887. ā Ignaz Eeich, author, Budapest, d.
1893. ā Moses Eisman, Hebrew author, d.
1902.ā Markus Wolf Hinrichsen, member of the Eeichstag, Ham-
1383. ā Many Jews killed in Mayence and Bacharach.
1287. ā St. Werner of Bacharach, immortalized by Heine, d.
1G70. ā Samson Bacharach, rabbi, Worms, d.
1670. ā Solomon Marini, author of a commentary to Isaiah, Padua,
1776. ā Jacob Emden, Talmudic author, Altona, d.
1813. ā Jacob Fischel, alienist, b.
1814. ā Moses Philippson, author, Dessau, d.
1819. ā S. L. Schwabacher, rabbi of Odessa, b.
1820. ā George Levin, medical professor, b.
1872. ā Herman Frenkel, deputy to Galician diet, d.
1903. ā Massacre in Kishineff.
42 MEMORABLE DATES APRIL.
1344. ā Levi ben Gerson, philosopher, mathematician, translator,
commentator. Southern France, d.
1632. ā Xicolas Anthoine, protestant clergyman, proselyte, burnt
at the stake, Geneva.
17'J'2.^Israel Levi ben Moses, astronomer, Brody, d.
1834. ā A. Th. Hartman, anti-semite, theologian, Rostock, d.
1851. ā Isaac Erter, physician, satirist, Brody, d.
1871. ā Jacob Tugendhold, Polish author and director of the rab-
binical seminary, Warsaw, d.
1888. ā Samuel Poljalcoff, Eussian railroad constructor, philanthro-
1893. ā Wilhelm Lowenthal, investigator of the Argentine colonies,
1895. ā Joseph Heimann Caro, Talmudic author, Wloclawek, d.
1897. ā W. Herzberg, German author, Brussels, d.
1481. ā Jews in Seville burnt at the stake.
1585. ā Moses di Trani, Talmudic author, Safed, d.
1840. ā A. S. Weismann, Hebrew literateur, b.
1843. ā Duke of Sussex, advocate of the Jews, d.
1870. ā Wolfgang Wessely, religious author, jurist, professor in
Prague University, Vienna, d.
189G. ā Moritz v. Hirsch, philanthropist, d.
1759. ā Israel Riess, author of "Sheerith Israel," twenty years of
1767. ā Baruch Jeitteles, Jewish author, Prague, b.
1863. ā Gabriel Riesser, champion of the rights of the Jews, Ham-
1881. ā Joseph Goldmark, member of the Austrian Parliament,
New York, d.
1900. ā Louis Bein, author on political economy, d.
MEMORABLE DATES ā APRIL. 43
1283. ā In Briickenhausen sixteen Jews were killed.
1622. ā Jacob Horwitz, Talmudic author, d.
1797. ā Solomon Plessner, leader of modern orthodoxy, Breslan, b.
1859. ā Lazar Scheineanii, Koumanian philologist, convert, b.
1884. ā Anton Asher, actor, Meran, d.
1439. ā Abigedor Kara, writer on theology, Prague, d.
1790. ā Meir Margalioth, rabbi and Talmudic author, Ostrog, d.
1887.ā Joseph Levi, editor of "Mose," Corfu, d.
1889. ā Sol. Formstecher, rabbi, Offenbach, d.
1221. ā Baruch ben Samuel, Talmudist and liturgical poet. May-
1599. ā Oliver Cromwell, friend of the Jews, b.
1796. ā Joseph von Geldern, pliysician, uncle of Heine, Diisseldorf,
1808.ā Gustav Weil, Orientalist, Heidelberg, b.
1828. ā Law concerning Jewish affairs in Wiirtemberg promul-
1846. ā Judah Bacharach, rabbi and Talmudic author, Seiny, d.
1793. ā Joseph Teomiro, author of Peri Megadim, Prankfort-on-
1817. ā Joseph Baron von Sonnenfels, convert, humanitarian
statesman, Vienna, d.
1829. ā Th. Billroth, known for his hostile judgment in the case
of Jewish students and his public stand against auti-
44 MEMORABLE DATES ā APRIL.
1850. ā Leo Wolf, author of medical works and one of the found-
ers of the "Temple," Hamburg, d.
1878. ā David Deutsch, leader of Hungarian orthodoxy, rabbi of
Balassa Gyarmath, d.
1883. ā Sam. Alex. Byck, banker and writer on philosophy, Leip-
1891. ā Joachim Oppenheim, rabbi in Thorn and Hebrew author,
1893. ā Abraham E. Pumpiansky, rabbi at Kiga, d.
1903. ā Jewish Theological Seminary in New York dedicated.
1293. ā Meir ben Baruch of Kothenburg, in the prison of Ensis-
1822. ā Sol. Lowisohn, author of a Jewish history, Vienna, d.
1822. ā U. S. Grant, President of the United States, known for an
anti-Jewish document, b.
1826. ā Eleazar Fleckeles, rabbi and Talmudic author, Prague, b.
1859. ā Isaac Lyon Goldsmid, advocate of Jewish rights, London,
15G0. ā Kalmann Worms, rabbi, Lemberg, d.
1778. ā Schmelke Horwitz, rabbi and cabbalist, Nikolsburg, d.
1834. ā Samuel Trabotti, philanthropist, Mantua, d.
1860. ā Isaac da Costa, Dutch poet, Amsterdam, d.
1896. ā H. V. Treitschke, anti-semite, d.
1280.ā E. Isaac of Corbeil, author of the "Semak," d.
1614. ā Joshua Falk Kohen, "Sema," rabbi, Lemberg, d.
1679. ā Joshua di Silva, Chacham, London, d.
1793. ā Ezekiel Landau, rabbi and writer on the Halachah, Prague.
MEMORABLE DATES ā APRIL. 45
1819. ā Moses Angel, director of the "Jews Free School," Lon-
1864. ā David Samosch, author and translator of poems in He-
1881. ā Anton S. Adam Solomon, sculptor, Paris, d.
1885. ā Moritz Dessauer, Landesrabbiner, Meiningen, d.
1637. ā Abraham Katzenelenbogen Ashkenazi, rabbi, Lemberg, d.
1833. ā Baruch Auerbach Orphan Asylum in Berlin opened.
1850. ā Solomon Sachs, translator and commentator of Jeremiah,
1895. ā Gustav Freytag, author of "Soil und Haben."
46 MEMORABLE DATES ā MAY.
1572 ā Moses Isserles, codifier "Eemo," Cracow, d.
1700. ā Joseph Athias, publisher, Amsterdam, d.
1775. ā Israel Lyons, astronomer and mathematician, London, d.
1801. ā Hermann Schiff, German writer, b.
1805. ā Johann Jacoby, German politician, Ivoenigsberg, b.
1808. ā Francis Henry Goldsmid, M. P., first Jemsh lawyer in
1817. ā Karl Isidor Beck, German poet, convert, b.
1849. ā Isaac Bernays Chacham, Hamburg, d.
1885. ā David Gordon, Hebrew writer, d.
1893. ā Abraham Sack, author and merchant, Berlin, d.
1899. ā Joel Dentsch, principal of the Jewish deaf and dimib in-
stitute, Vienna, d.
1900. ā Baron Moritz von Cohn, banker of Emperor William, d.
1901. ā Jacob Freiherr von Mayer, Koburg, d.
1902. ā Theodore Klein, medical writer, member of Paris consis-
tory, Paris, d.
1634. ā Jacob Bassewi, ennobled financier, Prague, d.
1718. ā Zebi Ashkenazi, rabbi, Lemberg, d.
1784. ā Marks Haindorf, founder of Haindorf Institute at Miin-
1793. ā Jacques Leon Aronsohn, medical professor, Strassburg, b.
1832. ā Abraham Berliner, Jewish historian, Oljcrsitzko, b.
1836. ā Aaron Worms, Talmudic author, IVIetz, d.
1860. ā Theodor Herzl, leader of the Zionistic movement, author of
"Jewish State," Budapest, b.
MEMORABLE DATES ā MAY. 47
18G2. ā Joseph Wollt', English missionar}', convert, d.
1864, ā Giacomo Meyerbeer, musical composer, d.
1878. ā Francis Henry Goldsmid, member of Parliament, d.
1893. ā Johann Schnitzler, throat specialist, university professor,
1899. ā Martin Eduard von Simson, President of German Eeich-
stag, convert, d.
1096. ā A number of Jews killed by crusaders in Speier, Germany.
1407. ā Israel of Krems appointed "Eeichshochmeister."
1583. ā Isaac Mehling, rabbi in Prague, d.
1616. ā Meir of Lublin, rabbi and Talmudic author, d.
KioT). ā iVbraham Nunez Bernal burnt at Cordova, d.
1665. ā Massacre of the Jews of Lemberg, instigated by Jesuits.
1703. ā Samuel Oppenheimer, renowned financier, Vienna, d.
1871. ā Edward Munk philologist, Glogau, d.
1883. ā Temporary laws against Jews promulgated in Russia (IMay
Laws, 15 May).
1758. ā Solomon Lipschitz, cantor, wrote book for cantors, Metz, d.
1789. ā Angelo Paggi, Jewish author, Siena, b.
1816. ā Joseph Franco, violinist, b.
1852. ā Moses Landau, editor of the Aruch, Prague, d.
1864. ā Israel Joseph Benjamin II., traveler, d.
1875. ā Heinrich Ewald, exegete, Goettingen, d.
1875. ā Michael Levi, publisher, Paris, d.
1903. ā Emile Dreifus, Brisac, French medical author, Paris, d.
1624. ā Priests in Coimbra burned Dr. Antonio Homem, a convert
1767. ā Isaac Levi Hiirwiiz, i-abhi and author, Altona, d.
1821. ā Napoleon, who called Sanhcdrin together, d.
48 MEMORABLE DATES ā MAY.
1839. ā Eduard Gans, jurist and philosopher, professor at Berlin,
a convert, d.
1859. ā Mordecai Zebi Mane, painter and Hebrew poet, b.
1629. ā Chajim Vital, founder of Lurianian mysticism, Damascus,
1664. ā Abraham ben Solomon killed at Lemberg.
1747. ā Moses Chajim Luzzato, neo-Hebraic poet, d.
1781. ā Beer Lema, Talmudic writer, d.
1785. ā Saul Halevi, rabbi, Hague, d.
1786. ā Ludwig Boerne, author, convert, Frankfort-on-M., b.
1830. ā Abraham Jacobi, medical professor, Hartum, b.
1831. ā Samuel I. J. Scheresehewski, convert, missionary, trans-
lated Bible into Chinese, Tauroggen, b.
1838. ā Samuel Loeb Kauder, rabbi, Prague, d.
1839. ā Joseph iSTeuwirth, Austrian politician and political econo-
mist, Triesch, b.
1842. ā Isaac Spitz, rabbi and author, Jungbunzlau, d.
1848. ā Hermann L. Strack, Christian advocate of Jews, b.
1859. ā Alexander von Humboldt, author, friend of Jews, d.
1889. ā Chajim Zebi Lerner, Hebrew writer, d.
1889 ā August Abrahamson, Gothenburg, promoter of trade school
1880. ā Leone Levi, juristic writer, London, d.
1884. ā Beer Goldberg, Hebrew literateur, Paris, d.
1664. ā Some Jews were killed at Lemberg.
1806. ā Feibus Cohen, rabbinical writer, d.
1811. ā Ignaz Kuranda, Austrian politician, b.
1819. ā David Levi, Italian poet, b.
1878. ā Meyer Auerbach, chief rabbi of Jerusalem, d.
1884. ā Judah P. Benjamin, American statesman, London, d.
MEiMOUABLK DATES MAY. 49
1572. ā Moses Beschitzi, Karaitic writer, d.
1664. ā Two teachers of the Talmud were killed at Lemberg.
1735. ā Jonas Jeiteles, M. D., Prague, b.
1773. ā Moses Philippson, religious author, b.
1800. ā Justus Olshausen, exegete and grammarian, b.
1824. ā Jacob Bachrach, Hebrew writer, Seiny, b.
1867. ā Sigismund Stern, leader of Eeform movement, Frankfort-
1899. ā Simon Samuel, professor of medicine, Koenigsberg, d.
1901. ā .fenny Gross, actress, Berlin, d.
1683. ā Abraham Lopez Pereira and Isaac da Fonseca were burned.
1795. ā Joachim Edler von Popper, financier and benefactor,
1879 ā Benzion Berkowitz, Hebrew writer, Wilna, d.
1885. ā Ferdinand Hiller, composer, convert, d.
1888. ā Michael Heilprin, celebrated scholar, New York, d.
1785. ā G. B. Depping, Jewish historian (Christian), Miinster, b.
1823. ā Asher Ginsburg, Jewish scholar, d.
1886. ā Isidore Calisch, American rabbi, d.
1892. ā Joseph Beer Solowejczyk, Talmudic author, Brest, d.
1902. ā Ascher I. Myers, publisher of Jewish Chronicle, London, d.
1751. ā Petachjah ben David of Lida, Frankfort-on-M., d.
1805. ā Julius Fuerst, professor of the University of Leipzig, bib-
liographer, Zerkow, b.
1807. ā Samuel Breinersdorf, medical AVi'iter, Breslau, d.
1817. ā Laws enacted in Holland compelling communities to or-
ganize public schools.
50 MEMORABLE DATES ā MAY.
1832. ā Jacob Freiherr von Mayer, manufacturer, Bibra, b.
1858. ā J. G. B. Winer, Christian Hebraist, Leipzig, d.
1862. ā Samson Wolf Eosenfeld, rabbi at Bamberg, author, d.
1873. ā Gideon Brecher, M. D., Jewish writer, Prossnitz, d.
1884. ā Benjamin Hollaender, manufacturer and Hebraist, Leob-
1900. ā Attilio Luzzato, Italian politician and editor, d.
1728. ā Isaac Chajim Cantarini, author, d.
1779. ā Jacob Solomon Bartholdy, Prussian statesman, convert, b.
1782. ā Fr. Albrecht Augusti, convert, Eschwege, d.
1792. ā Pius IX., author of the "Syllabus of Errors," responsible
for the kidnapping of Mortara, b.
1799. ā Isaiah (Pick), Berlin, Talmudic author, d.
1829. ā Marcus Jastrow, rabbi and author, Eogasen, b.
1872. ā Moritz Hartmann, German poet, d.
1873. ā Emanuel Deutsch, author of an essay on the Talmud,
1896. ā Germain See, professor and author of medical works, Paris,
1900. ā Hermann Levi, musician and convert, Munich, d.
1726. ā Moses Darshan, rabbinical writer, d.
1803. ā Solomon Munk, Orientalist, member of Academy of France,
1864. ā M. H. Breslau, Anglo- Jewish author, London, d.
1869. ā Gabriel Polak, pedagogue and author, Amsterdam, d.
1873. ā Prussian laws concerning status of Jews enacted.
1875. ā Gottfried Bemhardy philologist, convert, d.
1886. ā S. E. Berolzheimer, first Jewish judge in Bavaria, Fiirth,
1889. ā Samuel Hirsch, American Reform rabbi, d.
MEMOKABLE DATES ā JiAY. 51
1892. ā A. S. Weissmann, Hebrew author, Vienna, d.
1902. ā Giuseppe Ottoienghi, appointed Minister ot War in Italy.
1GG4. ā -Chajim ben Mordecai, killed at Lemberg.
1792.^ ā James Kothschild, founder of the Paris house, Frankfort-
1822. ā Leopold Kompert, ghetto novelist, Miinchen-Gratz, b.
18-17. ā Daniel O'Connell, Catholic advocate of Jewish rights, d.
1850. ā Wolf Hamburger, famous Talmudist, Fiirth, d.
18T8. ā Solomon van Nierop, Dutch lawyer, communal leader, d.
1887. ā Dr. Wilhelm v. Kcinigswarter, philanthropist, d.
1896. ā Lambert, French general, Paris, d.
1904. ā Chajim Selig Slonimsky, Hebrew scientist, Warsaw, d.
1659. ā Campegius Yitringa, Dutch theologian, author of "De
Synagoga Vetere," b.
17G7. ā Samuel Borchart, author of Biblical zoolog}% Caen, d.
1775. ā Veitel Heine Ephraim, mint master, Berlin, d.
1789. ā Michael Creizenach, Eeform writer, Mayence, b.
1799. ā Alexander McCaul, missionary to the Jews, Dublin, b.
1807. ā Joseph Abraham Steblicky, proselyte at Nicolai, Silesia, d.
1823. ā Heimann Steinthal, philosopher and philologist, Grobzig, b,
1826. ā David B. Adler, Danish politician, b.
1828.ā Wilhelm v. Eothschild, Frankfort-ou-M., b.
1831. ā Samuel Hirschfelder, painter, Dettensen, b.
1617.- ā Ijob Saraval, rabbi at ]\rantua, d.
1748. ā Shabbetai Marini, physician and poet, Padua, d.
1779. ā Eaphael Levi, mathematician and astronomer, Hanover, d.
1780.ā Moses Serach Eidlitz, author of an arithmetic, Prague, d.
52 MEMORABLE DATES ā MAY.
1820. ā Israel Hildesheimer, leader of German orthodoxy, Halber-
1895. ā Wilhelm von Gutmann, financier and commercial leader,
1899. ā Joseph Eabbinowitz, founder of Jewish Christian sect "N'ew
Israel," Kishinew, d.
1729. ā Mordecai Mokiach, Shabbatean propagandist, Pressburg, d.
1837. ā W Steinitz, chess player, Prague, b.
1843. ā Samuel Chajim Lolli, poet and grammarian, Gorice, d.
1865. ā David Frankel, editor "Sulamith,'' Dessau, d.
1887. ā Wolf Kaplan, Hebrew author, Riga, d.
1888. ā Hirsch Ornstein, rabbi, Lemberg, d,