Grand army of the republic. Dept. of Massachusetts.

Journals of the encampment proceedings of the Department of Massachusetts G.A.R. frm 1881 to 1887 inclusive online

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re'sideuce in Fairhaven, March 10, 1883, aged sixty years. He
was a comrade beloved, a good citizen, a warm friend and a gen-
erous-hearted man, and many now living have cause to bless his
bounty, which was always given in a quiet manner. He leaves a
wife, three daughters and a large circle of friends to mourn his
loss.

A new Post in the Department has since been formed and
called by his name, so that his memory shall still be green. May
it be a burning and shining light, noted for its deeds of charity
and valiant in its loyalty to the Grand Armj^ of the Republic.

Again, on Thanksgiving Day, in the house of God, in the
pulpit, in the attitude of prayer, without a moment's warning,
fell back and died immediatel}' one of earth's noblemen. Past



192 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R.

Department Chaplain Rev. Warren H. Cudworth, a member of
Joseph Hooker Post No. 23 of East Boston. A man beloved by
all, rich or poor, bond or free, Protestant or Catholic, each vied
with the other to do him honor. And as a member of the Grand
Army of the Republic, and its Department Chaplain, he had won
the affection and admiration of every comrade with whom he
became acquainted. None knew him but to love him. His life
was a success. As a pastor, he was faithful and sympathetic ;
loving and kind in his dealings to all with whom he came in con-
tact. A good man and a useful minister has fallen ; but, though
death came suddenly, it found him ready and waiting. He is
now safe at home ; he is a redeemed and happy soul in the para-
dise of God. May you. Commander, and you, my noble associates
and comrades of the Grand Army of the Republic, follow him as
he did his Master, and join him at last on the blest and shining
shore, where sickness, sorrow or death can never enter. May
this, comrades, be our happy portion.

Again, on the morning of July 31, all New England was
startled with what seemed at first a very probable story, namely,
that the train, on which were the delegates of the various States
returning from the National Encampment to their homes, was
wrecked, and falling down an embankment, they were buried in
the ruins, and scarcely a human being was saved. Horror was
depicted on every countenance, and the question was asked from
one to the other, "Can it be true?" I recollect meeting, near
the post-office, on that day, our warm-hearted friend, ex-Gov.
John D. Long, who, grasping my hand, said : '' Chaplain, have
you heard the news? Can it be true? How sad." And our
sympathies went out for those who, left at home, were at that
moment almost in despair over the expected loss of those beloved
ones, buried in the ruins of a wrecked train, far from home.

But, thank God, ere the night closed, the mist cleared away,
and the intelligence reached us, it was a lie — sent abroad by
some designing rascal who ought to have been bucked and gagged.
But the hearts of those made sad by the intelligence were glad-
dened by the arrival of their loved ones safe ^ at home, to the
bosoms of their families and their comrades of the Grand Army
of the Republic. And you. Commander, and those associated
with you, will never know the terrible anxiety of that dreadful
hour until placed in similar circumstances. And now let me turn
from the dark to the bright side of the picture.

The year has been a prosperous one ; prosperous in every
respect, both in increase of membership and in ability to carry on
the noble work of charity to our suffering comrades, and to the
widows and orphans of those who fell in our holy cause. Every
year death is thinning our ranks, and soon, all too soon, the last
one will have gone to join his comrades in the sky.



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 193

How fitting that we should be banded together in times of
peace, under the name of Grand Army of the Republic. What a
debt the country is owing you for your valiant services ! it never
has been paid — it never can be. I never see a soldier of the
Republic shattered in limb or emaciated by disease, that my
heart is not touched. They are royal ones of our land, and
worthy of a princely living. A grateful people never ought to
allow any of these noble veterans to eke out a living by humili-
ating drudgery, but should care for them in a princely manner,
from the funds now accumulating and lying idle in the National
Treasury.

The petition now in circulation among the various Posts of
the Department, or one of a similar character, asking that all
honorably discharged soldiers and sailors be given a pension of
not less than eight dollars per month, is a step in the right direc-
tion ; and if granted, will only be as a drop in the bucket com-
pared to the obligation of a nation's gratitude to the survivors of
the war. The Grand Army of Massachusetts are looking ahead
in the right direction. The Soldiers' Home is a glorious pro-
vision ; there the tired and worn-out ones of earth can rest
and be cared for in the hour of sickness and death, and loving-
hands administer to their comfort, and pleasant faces cheer them
in their pilgrimage to another world.

But I am inclined to think the Posts of the Grand Army of
this Department should make some wise provision for themselves.
It is true, I believe fully in the three great characteristics of our
order — Fraternity. Charity and Loyalty. But I believe in the old
saying — Charity should begin at home. For while the Grand
Army of the Republic has spent its thousands of dollars upon
those who never would enter our ranks, and I do not begrudge
them the help they have received, I foresee that this large body of
men before me to-night, as the years roll on, will soon stand on
the borders of the grave many of them helpless and alone. Who
will provide for them? Charity is cold, unless guided by cheer-
ful and loving hands. Large numbers of my comrades present,
and those 3'ou represent here, will sicken, be helpless, and die;
your services to the country will be forgotten by the rising gener-
ation, and money will not flow so freely into your treasury.
What, then, are you to do? I do not know that I shall ever
have the privilege of again addressing you in convention assem-
bled, so I want to give you one piece of advice — let every Post
in the Department, if not already done, lay by a part of its
income to form a Post Relief Fund, to be spent on none but
members of your Post, so that when the older members have
passed away, and those now in middle life shall follow them to
the gates of death, and poverty shall stare them in the face, and
a pauper's grave fill them with alarm and dread, let them see and



13



194 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R.

feel that, being the last of the noble race of men who saved the
country in its hour of peril, they have not been forgotten, and
the forethought of their associates has wisely provided for this
emergency, so that the last, aye the very last, man of this Grand
Army of Massachusetts shall rise above the trials of this life, no
poverty to assail him, no pauper's grave for him to dread ; but
rising, when the last hour shall come, up, up, above the stars, to
the throne of God, the angels will welcome him, and his com-
rades who have passed on before him shall greet him around a
camp-fire that shall never be extinguished ; and the Son of God,
standing in the midst of the heavenl}^ hosts, shall crown him with
glory everlasting and eternal life.

Commander, as you, sir, shall retire on the morrow from
your arduous labors of the year, it must be with a degree of
satisfaction and pride that the work has been honestly done, and
produced glorious results. May your mantle, sir, fall upon
worthy shoulders, and your successor win glorious victories for
the Grand Army of INIassachusetts.

And now, comrades, one word more to 3'ou and I have done.
Go back to your various posts of duty ; carrying greetings to
your comrades. Go back to work with redoubled energy and
zeal in the sphere in which you are assigned in the Post to which
you belong. So Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty be your motto,
and Heaven at last be your home.

Yours in Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty,

JOHN W. LEE,

Department Chaplain.



■ REPORT OF MEDICAL DIRECTOR.

Headquartkrs Deft, of Mass., G.A.E.
Boston, Jan. 30, 1884.

A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant- General.

Comrade : I have the honor respectfully to report that I
have attended all of the meetings of the Council of Administra-
tion, inspected six Posts, and attended to such other duties as
have been assigned me.

Very respectfully' your obedient servant,

JAS. H WRIGHT,
Medical Director.



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. IQo



REPORT OF JUDGE ADVOCATE.

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R.
Springfield, Jan. 30, 1884.

A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant- General.

"A short horse is soon curried," and the law department of
the Encampment can quickly recount its doings. A wise man of
the earth counts that a happy land whose annals are a blank, and
the one f elicit}' of this report is its testimony that the Judge
Advocate has had little to do, and has done no more. "With a
few trifling exceptions the affairs of the Order have known no
complications which soldierly horse sense, and the spirit of Fra-
ternity and Charity have not been able to solve without recourse
to authority. Instances of discipline have been so rare and so
unimportant as scarcely to merit notice.

When 3'Qur law otHcer finds his official life so uneventful he
may well cougratulate the Encampment, and add his testimony to
the volume already in that the .Order was never in so healthful, har-
monious and promising condition in Massachusetts as it is today.

The matters upon which the Department Conunander has
required opinions from me have related mainly to questions of
procedure under the Rules and Regulations. Such of those
opinions as may at any time be deemed of general interest can
be promulgated in orders, and do not need to be specifically
referred to here. I may say, however, that the questions
referred to me have generally arisen out of the more minute and
elaborate provisions of our code, and I desire to suggest that
changes in the legislation of the Order ought to be in the direc-
tion of greater simplicity and directness. We are rapidly
approaching that time of life when officialism, red tape, and
formalism of every kind grow wearisome and vexatious, and the
less the affairs of the Order become encumbered with them, the
more securely will it be fixed in the affections of those whose
waning years loosen all but the simplest ties of nature.

One matter which has been made subject of reference to me
is all that I care specially to refer to. The management of their
Relief Fund is engaging the attention of Posts to a degree which
calls for more definite provision concerning it than the Rules and
Regulations now contain. In very many Posts this fund has
been placed in the hands of a board of trustees — a disposition
of it which can hardly be reconciled with that provision of the
code which requires that all the property of the Post shall be held
by the Quartermaster, but which is so eminently wise and secure
that many other Posts only hesitate to adopt it because of its
apparent illegality. I am clearly of the opinion that the practice



196 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R.

has uo warrant in the Rules and Regulations, but that it ought
to have. I therefore recommend that members of the National
Encampment from this Department be instructed to urge upon
that body such changes in the Rules and Regulations as will
place the Relief Fund in the hands of trustees, substantially in
the manner now in vogue in this Department.

Respectfully submitted in F., C. and L,,

JNO. L. RICE,
Judge Advocate.

REPORT OF CHIEF MUSTERING OFFICER.

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R.
BosTox, Jan. 30, 1884.
A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant- General.

Having been called to my position late in the year, to fill the
unexpired term of Comrade Gibbs, my duties have been rather of
an ornamental nature. I have officiated at the installation cere-
monies of Post 33 of Woburn and Post 6(3 of Medford, The appli-
cations for installing officers have been filled, and comrades so
designated have performed the duties assigned them very accept-
ably. I would suggest that, hereafter, Posts, in making requests
for installing officers, be more prompt in their choice and in noti-
fying Department Headquarters, as a number of Posts were dis-
appointed in not having their selected comrade to install their
officers. Permit me also to suggest that the installation cere-
monies would be far more effective and impressive if comrades
selected to perform the ceremony were members of Posts other
than the one selecting them.

I desire to express my hearty thanks to the comrades who so
ably assisted me in the installation ceremonies, and to the Depart-
ment Commander and his Staff for the courtesies extended to me
in the performance of my duties.

Yours in Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty,

A. M. LUNT,
Chief Muster inrj Officer.



REPORT OF COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION.

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R.
Boston, Jan. 30, 1884.

Commander and Comrades of the Dejxirtment Encampment:
In accordance with the requirements of our Order, the members
of the Council of Administration would respectfully present the
doings of their Department the past year.



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT, 197

It would take too much of your valuable time to give a
detailed report, therefore we will pass over the minor points, and
present only those of importance.

The Council have held five regular meetings and one special
meeting during the year. At the first meeting, held February 8,
a vote of thanks was extended to the officers and comrades of
Post 2, for the courteous manner in which they had performed
guard duty at the Department Encampment.

On motion of Comrade AVright, a committee was appointed
to procure a testimonial for Comrade James F. Meech, in accord-
ance with a vote passed at the Department Convention, the cost
of said testimonial not to exceed sevent3'-five dollars.

A special meeting of the Council was held March 22, to take
action and pay our respects to our late comrade and Past Depart-
ment Commander, John A. Hawes. On motion of Comrade Mon-
roe, a committee of three were appointed to draft resolutions in
honor of the departed Commander, and a copy of the same was
transmitted to his famil}'.

At a regular meeting, held July 12, the following named
comrades Avere elected delegates to the National Encampment, to
fill the vacancies caused by the resignation of comrades elected at
the Department Encampment : —

F. M. Shaw, J. W. Hersey, A. S. Roe, E. C. Gould, E. B.
Witherell, and C. G. Davis.

The Council would recommend that, in selecting delegates
for the National Encampment, only those comrades be elected
who would pledge themselves to attend unless prevented by some
unavoidable circumstances.

The Council would, in view of the time and expense involved
upon the Department Commander and Assistant Adjutant-General,
suggest to the Department Encampment for their consideration
that a sum be appropriated each year by the Council of Adminis-
tration sufficient to defray the travelling expenses of said officers
to and from the National Encampment.

In conclusion, the Council would congratulate Commander
Evans upon the very successful and prosperous 3^ear of his
administration.

All of which we most respectfull}^ suljmit.

C. H. PARSONS,

W. W. SCOTT,

R. F. TOBIN,

J. GUSHING THOMAS,

BENJ. PITMAN,

Council of Administration .



198 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R.



REPORT OF THE AUDITING COMMITTEE.

The Auditing Committee appointed by the Commander to
andit the accouuts of the Assistant Quartermaster-General and
Assistant Adjutant-General attended to the duty assigned them,
and thoroughly examined all books, bills, vouchers, etc., at the
close Qf each quarter, and we are pleased to report that we found
the books kept in a perfect, business-like manner, all accouuts
being balanced at the end of each quarter. We also found vouch-
ers and bills receipted for all moneys paid out.

Balance on hand, Feb. 1, 1883 $683 71

Received during the year . . 5,750 76

Making a total of §6,436 47

Expenditures 5,074 78

Balance on hand, Jan. 1, 1884 1,359 69

Supplementary Report from Jan. 1 to Jan. 30, 1884.

Receipts $1,438 47

Balance on hand, Jan. 1 1,359 69

Total $2,798 16

Expenditures 1,053 85

Balance on hand, Jan. 30, 1884 $1,744 31

The Auditing Committee congratulate the Department on its
financial condition. We are free from any indebtedness. All of
our office fixtures, supplies, etc., at headquarters are paid for,
and we have a handsome balance to turn over to our successors
in office.

The committee would recommend to the Department that one
thousand dollars of the funds be invested in such manner as, in
the judgment of the Council of Administration, would be for the
best interest of the Department, the balance to be left in the
hands of the Assistant Quartermaster-General for current expenses
of the Department.

Respectfully submitted,

C. H PARSONS,
W. W. SCOTT,
R. F. TOBIN,

Auditing Committee of the Council of Administration.



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT.



199



SUPPLEMENTARY REPORT OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE
SOLDIERS' HOME.

Comrades : By direction of the Board of Trustees of the Sol-
diers' Home I have the honor to submit the following report of
the condition of the Home, from July 25, 1883, to Jan. 1, 1884,
being supplementary to the annual report that is in the hands of
the comrades of the Convention.

From July 25, 1883, to Jan. 1, 1884, number admitted to
the Home, 47; readmitted, 17; in the Home January 1, lOG;
aggregate number admitted since the Home was opened, July 25,
1882, 296 ; number died since July 25, 4 ; number in Hospital
Jan. 1, 1884, 23.

The men admitted to the Home since it was opened, July 25,
1882, to Jan. 1, 1884, served as follows : —



1st Mass. Vols. . .


. . . 5


61st Mas


s Vo


s.


2d " " . .


... 6


4th M V.M. .


7th '' " . .


... 1


oth






9th " '' . .


... 8


6th






10th " " . .


... 3


8th






nth " " . .


... 6


43d






12th " " . .


... 3


45th






13th " " . .


5


46th






loth " " . .


... 4


47th






16th " " . .


9


48th






17th " " . .


... 9


50th






19th " " . .


. . . 9


51st






20th '• " . .


... 11


53d






21st


• . . 4


60th "




22cl '' " . .


. 5


2d Co. S.S.




23d " " . .


... 4


Vet. Reserve Cor


24th "


... 6


2d Bat'v Art.


25th " " . .


... 3


3d " "


26th " " . .


. 8


4th "


28th - - . .


. . . 8


5th '' "


29th " " . .


5


6th •' "


30th " " . .


... 9


9th " "


31st " " . .


. . . 1


nth " '•


32d " " . .


... 12


12th "


33d " " . .


2


1st Res?t. H.A.


34th " " . .


. . 1


2d " "


35th " " . .


. . . 1


3d "


36th " " . .


. . . 4


1st Bat'y "


37th '• •' . .


2


1st Resjt. Cav.


39th " " . .


. . . 1


2d "


40th " " . .


. . . 4


3d "


56th "


5


4th •'


57th " "


. . . 1


Navy . . . .


58th " " . .


2


Other Sta


tes





ps



3
3
3
2
3
3
3
1
2
3
1
2
2
1
1
6
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
10
12
2
1
4
6
6
2
25
17



By this you will see that all branches of the service are repre-
sented, and that men from all parts of the State have found shel-
ter in the Home.



200 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R.

In my aunual report to the Trustees I called their attention
to the necessit}' for additional room, especially for hospital pur-
poses, and recommended that a fair be held the coming autumn to
replenish our funds. The Trustees have carefully considered the
matter, and while they are unanimous in favor of the recommen-
dation, they believe that next autumn being Presidential election,
the spring of 1885 would be a better time, in which opinion I
heartily concur, and by a vote of the Trustees bring the subject
before this Encampment for your consideration. You may ask,
"What has the Encampment to do with the Soldiers' Home ?"
Legally, nothing ; morally, everything. Without the active co-
operation of the fourteen thousand comrades who compose the
Department of Massachusetts G.A.R,, your Trustees would feel
weak, and not equal to the work before them ; but with your
sympathy and support, we feel that success is assured. But,
please, don't feel that when you have voted to stand b}' us in tliis
work you have accomplished it. You remember how often in war
times the citizens "resolved" that the army ought to move, and
that Richmond ought to be taken, -but forgot to take their muskets
and back up their resolutions.

So in our work success can only come when we advance all
along the line. In my opinion no more worthy charit}' can be
found in this State than ours.

The sympathies of the people are with us, and we have only
to bring our cause, before them to obtain all the financial assist-
ance we require. We have petitioned the Legislature for the same
amount we received last year ($15,000), and I have no doubt it
will be as cheerfully given as it was then ; but as I have before
said, I hope that the management of the Home will ever remain
in the hands of comrades of the G.A.R., and be largel}^ supported
by contributions from the patriotic men and women of our old Com-
monwealth. I trust all comrades who have not visited the Home
will do so, and urge citizens to do the same. Since July 25, 1883,
fifteen hundred have registered as visitors at the Home, exclusive
of those who have visited it for the purpose of giving entertain-
ments to the men, and I have yet to find a visitor who has not
become heartily interested in it.

With the exception of Sundays, the Home is always open for
the inspection of visitors, and they will receive a cordial welcome
from Gen. Cunningham and his excellent wife. Since the open-
ing of the Home we have been constantly assisted by the Ladies'
Aid Association connected with it.

They have answered every call, provided all the white quilts,
sheets and pillowcases ; donated books and papers ; provided
stage and scenery' for entertainments ; visited the sick in the
Hospital, furnishing them with delicacies ; in fact, have been to
the boys in the Home just what the Sanitary Commission was to



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 201

the boys in the field. Words can poorly express our thanks for
what they have done for our comrades ; but we assure them their
noble works are appreciated by us, and the consciousness of dutj^
well performed must be their reward.

We trust our work has been such as to meet the approval of
our comrades. Let us, as comrades of the G.A.R., b}' judicious
expenditure of our Post charity funds, keep just as manj' con^-
rades outside the Home as possible ; but, let every old soldier or
sailor feel that when the time comes that he has no other shelter,
the Home on Powder Horn Hill, in Chelsea, is open to receive
him, while we have a vacant bed or a dollar to provide for his
wants.

Respectfully submitted,

J. G. B. ADAMS,

President.

Moved by Comrade J. P. Maxfield of Post 42 : —

That the Department Commander appoint a committee of
fourteen to report a list of fourteen delegates, and an equal num-
ber of alternates, to the next National Encampment.

The motion was adopted and the following committee was
appointed, viz. : —

J. P. Maxfield of Post 42 ; J. F. Capelle of Post 57 ; Geo.
L. Goodale of Post 66 ; AVm. S. King of Post 139 ; E. A. Horton
of Post 145; Geo. D. Stiles of Post 5; C. S. Anthony of Post
3 ; Wm. H. Wade of Post 133 ; Geo. O. Noyes of Post 15 ; M.
B. Lakeman of Post 40; C. M. Whelden of Post 125; F. M.
Kingman of Post 124 ; Harry Crosby of Post 71 : A. H. Wright
of Post 73.

On motion of Comrade Wm. H. Brown of Post 82, it was
voted that a committee of five be appointed to report a list of an
equal number of comrades for Council of Administration. The
following committee was appointed : —

Wm. PI. Brown of Post H2 ; Chas. H. Ross of Post 2 ; Geo.
H. Patch of Post 142 ; Alfred A. Burrill of Post 22 ; Wm. L.
Robinson of Post 10.

It was moved by Comrade Geo. W. Creasey of Post 49, that
a committee of five be appointed by the Department Commander
to take into Consideration, and report upon at the morning session,
the various recommendations in the address of the Department
Commander and the reports of all other officers, including the
Council of Administration.



202 HISTORY DEPT, OF MASS., G.A.R.

The following committee was named and approved : —



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