Grand army of the republic. Dept. of Massachusetts.

Journals of the encampment proceedings of the Department of Massachusetts G.A.R. frm 1881 to 1887 inclusive online

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Divided as follows : —

Department officers 14

Past Department Commanders 6

Post Commanders 130

Delegates 289

Total 439



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT.



243



DEPARTMENT ENCAMPMENT,
i88^.



ROLL OF MEMBERS.

Commander John D. Billings.

Senior Vice- Commander John W, Hersey

Junior Vice- Commander Richard F. Tobin.

Medical Director James Oliver, Jr.

Chaplain Rev. Richard Eddy.

Council of Administration.

W. W. Scott. J. Gushing Thomas. John McDonough.

Edward McKay. Charles H. Tracy.



Official Staff.
Assistant Adjutant- General . . . .
Assistant Quartermaster-General . .

Inspector

Chief Mustering Officer



Alfred C. Monroe.
Thomas E. Barker.
Samuel A. Gushing, Jr.
Geo. II. Bonne y, Jr.



Past Department Commanders.



Austin S Gushman.
John G. B. Adams.
George H. Patch.



George S. Merrill.
George W. Creasey.
George S. Evans.



[Only the names of comrades present are given.]

Post 1. Commander Fred A. Washburn, Freeman C. Luce, Nathaniel
H. Greene, Geo. P. Gifford, Chas. T. Buri;ess.

Post 2. Commander Arthur Neilson, J. Payson Bradley, John H.
O'Donnell, Georse H. Innis, William F. Clarke.

Post 3. Commander Albert M. Clark, Henry D. White, Geo. E. Dean,
Gustavus T. Fisher.

Post 4. Commander Edwin C. Gould, John E. Marshall.

Post 5. Commander George C Neal, George D. Stiles, Thomas Peytor,
John L. Parker, Horace A. Sawyer, William H. Brown,
Charles H. Waitt, Albert A. Davis, Charles Lloyd, Alex-
ander S. Wright, H. F. Seger, Cromwell L. l\\\\\ Charles
H. Stratton, William J. Pike, (ieorge D. Hart, Lewis O.
Kirk, Israel Buffington, John Macfarlaue.

Post 6. Commander Daniel F. Travis, Wm. Birch.



244




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HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R.

Commander Jeremiah Wakefield, Albert S. Buswell, E. B.

Meehan, A. E. Perkins, George B. Pratt, Thad. Chnrcbill,

Dennis Meehan.
Commander A. P. Vanghan, C A. Howes.
Senior Vice-Coraraander Chas. G. Brigham, Sanborn O. Howe,

William H. Trow.
Commander Wm. L. Robinson, S. F. Babbitt, J. K Chnrchill,

C. N. Walker, T. S. Jenks, Jotham E Bigelow, Harlan

Fairbanks, Thos. O'Gara, George A Blunt, C. W. Putnam,

J B. Lamb, James F. Meech.
Commander Thomas H. Haskell, Joseph W. Hill, Isaac W.

Derby, Zoeth R Knowles.
Commander Arton S. Atherton, Oliver Walton, R. F. Draper,

Wm N. Tyler, John W. Lee.
Commander Geo. A. Grant, Benj. O. Caldwell, Chas. E

Tribou, Samuel J. Wade.
Commander N. H Houghton, T N. Drawbridge.
Commander John A. Keefe, Eleazer B. Loi'ing, Thomas Lang-
Ian, George W. Powers, Oliver Downing, W. H. H.

Andrews, G. B. Hutchinson.
Senior Vice-Commander Charles H. Allison. N E. Abbott,

F. L. Perry, E. F Cross, E. W. Lathrop, N Smith, John

Baker, C. R Kaplinger, J. L. Knight, Geo Smith
Commander Albert L. Barrett, H. W. Kidder.
Granville C. Fiske.
Junior Vice-Commander Alphonso March, Richard Tucker,

John D. Littlehale, B. M. Merchant, James R. Hamilton

D. W. Snow.
Commander Theodore Leutz.

Senior Vice-Commander Joseph Hancock, Thomas Coyne,

Henry M. Fisher.
Commander Lyman W. Clark, J. C. Littleflekl, Samuel M.

Weale, I. U. Holbrook.
Georse W. Hastings.

E. J.' Hill

Commander John E Killian, Hiram A Wright, William M.

Olin, C W. C Rhoades.
Senior Vice-Commander Orrin B. Chaft'ee, Fred G. Hyde.
Commander J. E. Anderson, Geo. B Johnson.
Commander William D. Newland, H. P. Ballard, Nelson F.

Bond
Commander Samuel Hall. John W. Walker, P. Allen Lindsey,

John Kinnear, E. J. Dolau.
Commander A. A Seaverns, George W. Wilder
Commander W. J. Blake, W. S. Calif.
Commander Loring J. Hammond, Albert P. Barrett, Thomas

H. Hill.
Commander Samuel Worcester, Albert J. Lowd, John O'Con-

nell, Mark Heathcote, Alonzo D Buxton.
Commander Ivory R Allen, George W. Marsh, Henry T.

Holmes, F. O. Barnes, James T. Lakin, George E. Hussey,

Harrison Hinckley,, Dennis O Brine, John C Loud
Commander Horace D. Durgin
Senior Vice-Commander Hiram Chase, C. N. Hancock, Henry

Bemis.
E D. Goodell.
Commander James J. Stanley, George H. Flagg, J. Leroy

Lamprey, Daniel F. Kiley, James E. Shepard, David

Crockett, A W. Belcher, A. E. Holt
Commander J P. Litch, Samuel Derby, T. Griffin.



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT.



245



Post 41. Commander E. R. Levj', T. Manu. L. B. Walkley, C. C.

Westover.
Post 42. Commander Frank B. Peabody, M. N. Peabody, Geo. H

Richardson, J. L. Lavidieson, Charles H. Richardson,

E. \V. Thompson, H. VV. Allen, J. P. Maxfield.
Post 43. Commander J. R. McCrillis, W. S. Frost, E. C Marsh, J. W.

Barnes.
Post 44. Commander A. P. Greenongh, S. F. Draper.
Post 45. Commander William H. Cross, Charles H, Parsons, Sidney

Gardner, Albert C Andrews.
Post 46. Commander John II. Abbott, John M. Deane, James Corcoran,

John E Foulds, Frank McGraw, Henry Ogden.
Post 47. Commander William H. Johnson, John Jackson, Thomas M.

Arnold, Jared M Davis, Walter Goodrich.
Post 48. Commander Francis Lovejoy.
Post 49. Commander J. Albert Mills, Thos. E. Cntter, Philip H.

Creasey, Lnther Carter, Chas. J. Cntter, Leroy G. Weston.
Post 50. Commander George F. Barnes, Frank E Farnham, Sidney C.

Bancroft.
Post 51. Commander John S Cooke, Chas. H Deyo.
Post 52. Not represented.

Post 53. Commander Clesson Kenney, T. A. Hills, J. J. Bailey.
Post 54. Commander John L. Bruce, Fred Miller.
Post 55. George Allen.
Post 56. Commander Dexter Jewett, Thomas W^entworth Higginson,

John Read.
Post 57. Commander Charles O. Welch, J. F. Capelle, A M. Lunt, J. S.

Kenny.
Post 58. Commander Benj. S. Lovell, John M. Whitcomb, Charles W.

Hastings, Geo. A. Cushing, Francis A. Bicknell.
Pt)ST 59. Senior Vice-Commander Warren E. Burpee, George W. Rock-
wood.
Post 60 Commander William E Nason, William M. Comey.
Post 61. Wilbur F. Sanford, R L. Day.

Post 62. Commander W. A. Wetherbee, J. Torrey Swett, D. A. Conant.
Post 63. Commander Daniel E. George, Frank P. Siraonds, Charles P.

Currier, Daniel W. Ricker.
Post 64. Commander Wm. Lourie, Louis L. Stone, Jeremiah Stuart.
Post 65. Commander Robert P Bestick, F. H. Moore, Amos Bliss.
Post G6. Commander Samuel G. Jepson, John S. Beck, Geo. L.

Good ale.
Post 67. Senior Vice-Commander Ezra Stanley, R C. Allen
Post 68. Commander Charles D Stiles. C. B Fox, L Moulton, Jr.,

E. F. Snow, H. E. Greenwood, E. C. Whitney.
Post 69. Commander Joseph A. Wetherbee, Ilobert Raymond.
Post 70. Commander Joseph Packard, C. F. Bowen.
Post 71. Commander Wm H. Abbott, Jeremiah J Callannan, Peter J

Donnelly.
Post 72. Commander George W. Pratt, Thomas Blanchard.
Post 73. Commander .\ug. H. Wright, B. S. Atwood.
Post 74. Commander Elisha T. Ilarvell, William B Seavey.
Post 75. Commander S. L. CoUey, John Best, C. B. Carlin.
Post 76. Commander Benj. A. Hathaway, A. Oliver Brown, John

Shannon.
Post 77. Not represented.
Post 78 Commander Wm II. Gurney, Andrew C. Brigham, Samuel

Foster, James E. Bates.
Post 79. Commander Orsin Dalrymple, John D Follett, George H.

Kearn
Post 80. Senior Vice-Commander Wm. C. Penniman, F. W. Bullard,

David Chase.



246



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R.



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Senior Vice-Commauder Charles W. Smith, B H Dow.
Commander Joseph Bartlett, Benjamin A. Phillips, John B.

Graves, Jr., Jacob W. Coffin.
Samuel Hollis.

Senior Vice-Commander Charles Sanderson
Commander George S. Marsh, Frank P. Clark.
Commander William C. Pomeroy, J. B. Parsons, John Keach,

H M. Abbott.
Commander Henry A. Monk, William L Gage.
Commander Charles A. Follett, George A. Ordway, William

P. Martin.
Commander John Manners, J. H. Kendall, Henry B. Wallis,

Fred A. Wallis.
George W. Kenney, Joseph W. Haynes.
Seth Talbut.

Commander Alva J. Wilson, B. F. Sanborn.
Commander George R. Pierce, E. F Gillett.
Commander Jonathan Lintield, Alexander K. Holmes.
Commander Phiueas H. Nonrse, Geoi'ge W. Gale.
Commander Josiah Proctor, Junior Vice-Commander Plinny

Sargent.
Commander Albertus W. Morse, Myron P. Walker.
Commander Charles A. Gross, Daniel B. Lincoln.
Commander George W. Chandler, Peter D. Smith.
Commander John S. Tapley, Junior Vice-Commander John

Mlnnehan.
N. E. Ladd.

Commander George A. Fletcher, J. Walter Bradlee.
Senior Vice-Commander Wm. C. Tracey, Benj. F Tucker.
Commander Charles H. Wakefield, William S. Whiton.
Junior Vice-Commander D. C. Haviland, H. E. Taylor.
Commander Thomas F. Parsons, Walter G. Peckham.
Commander Charles Upham, J. H. Smith
E. P. Wildes.
E. Wyman Stone.
N. H Tirrell, Galen Hollis.
Not represented

Commander G A. Ayliug, David Bosford
Commander Augustine Sanderson, Aug. N. Sampson, J. C.

Cook.
Senior Vice-Commander Michael P. Brew, Charles O.

Roberts.
Commander M. P. Palmer, Thomas Gilson.
Commander Z. Sawtelle, James Dodwell.
Not represented.

Commander Peleg Gardner, J. I. Adams.
Commander Charles T. West, George D. Harrington.
Commander Woodbridge W. Tuttle, B. F. Freeman, H. M.

Potter, H. J. Davis, John Bobbins.
Commander G. G. Bailey, Jr., W. C. Eustis, L, B. French,

H. S. Bunton.
Commander Charles L. Tucker, Frank I. Snell.
Commander Samuel N. Gould, Chas. Gry.
Commander E. E. Edson, F. M. Kingman.
Commander Oliver L. Wood, William Mink, William F. H:n-

rington, William H. Chamberlin.
Commander E. N. Jones, G. H. Lewis.
Commander Edward Pendleton.
Junior Vice-Commander Henry P. Boynton, Nathaniel Shats-

well, William A. Stackpole.



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT.



24;



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Commander Lawrence Gibney, Wm. F. Byrne.

Commaucler Ileury A. Walker, George II. Drake.

Commander Franklin M. Lamb, Henry Bisco.

Peleg T. Brown.

Commander Wm. H. Wade, Albert W. Burton.

Commander Benjamin Phenix.

Senior Vice-Commander H. M. Ross, C. J Nourse.

Geo. A. Brown.

Not represented.

Commander Charles B. Sanders, Charles W. Parker.

Commander James F. Davliu, Charles F. King.

Commander W. H. Heustis, L. H. Sawin, W. E. Jaquith.

Commander Geo N. Mnnsell, C. H. Packard.

Commander John W. Kirby, Geo. A. Reed.

Commander William E. Long, W. Y. Gross.

Commander Charles C. Nichols, Henry W. Weeks, J. Varanm

Abbott.
Commander Geo. L. Jillson, E. S. Horton, M. O. Wheaton.
Commander George T. Fisher.

Commander F. W. Sloan, H. H. Goodell, B. R. Franklin.
E. B. Stillings

Commander Daniel W. Thompson, Horace S. Flagg.
Commander Jason Mann, E. L. Colson.
Not represented.

Commander Charles E. French, Wm. Howe Burnham.
Commander Levi Boswith, G. Q. A. Bryant.
Commander Frank C. Hill, Caleb E. Bailey.
Geo. E. Fuller

Commander Darius Hadley, R. H. Jenkins.
Commander Joseph C. Maddigan, Nathan W. Fisher.
Herbert C. Joyner.

Commander Flavel Shurtlefl', C. H. Trask, L. II. Dutton.
Commander Edwin Wilber, W. H. Perkins
Commander Charles H. Harding, M. T Allen
Commander Edward E. Barnard, Thomas W. Burnham.
Commander C H. Fuller, D. P. Howard, E. S. Wheeler.
Commander Charles C Burdett, Gordon H. Johnson.
Commander Benj. A Sawyer, Lawrence Bradford.
Commander Clarence E. Ware, Joshua A. Loomis.
Ebenezer Noyes.
Commander Geo. W. Corey.
Commander Austin E. Pratt, William Taylor.
Commander Francis Drake, Geo, H Chapin.
Not represented.
Not represented.
Commander John H Harrison.
A. Smedley.

Commander H. M. Nash, H. S. Nourse
Commander Edwin D. Hutchinson, James W. Knox.
Commander D. M. Wilcox, J. H. Casey.
Not represented.
Pliny H. Babbitt.
Commander Geo. P. Howe, E. J. Bartlett.



The nest business was the reports of the Department officers,
commencing with the address of the Department Commander
John D. Billino;s, as follows : —



248 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.K.

ADDRESS OF
DEPARTMENT COMMANDER JOHN D. BILLINGS.

Comrades : One of the most dismal pictures preserved to us
in the annals of this country is presented in the figure of that
aged Spaniard who turned his back on the comforts of home and
his native land, and wandered for months in the wilderness of
the Bahamas, vainly seeking for a fountain whose waters were
reputed to possess the power of imparting immortal youth to all
who should drink of them. Had the war-scarred veterans of
Ferdinand and Isabella been banded together in an organization
like the Grand Army of the Republic, in whose ranks old Ponce
de Leon might have obtained membership in that medi;eval time,
I am sure that he would have then attained the much coveted
end, and not have finally died, as he did, a disappointed, broken-
hearted old man. For however much the wrinkling cheek and
silvering hair and faltering tread may seem to contradict this
assertion, I appeal to you, veterans, to declare whether, way
down in your heart, you do not ' ' feel just as young as you used
to be " ; and T do not know of any circumstance having a stronger
tendency to make you so than the recurrence of this repre-
sentative gathering from our " magnificent Department," as
Commander-in-Chief Kountz calls it. And to you, comrades,
some of whom it was ni}' pleasure to meet on similar occasions
as early as 1869 and 1870, assembled in this, the Nineteenth
Annual Encampment of the Order, in this Department, I extend
my most sincere and cordial greetings.

While my membership in the Grand Army of the Republic
has always been a source of great pride and delight to me, I
should not be loyal to the promptings of my own heart, or
especially to this sturdy and patriotic old Commonwealth, out of
whose loins I sprang, did I not confess to being doubly proud
and doubly delighted that my membership is cast, and, God will-
ing, always will be, in the Department of Massachusetts.

It is the fortune of this State to have been the birthplace or
the cradle of many great and fruitful ideas. But it was reserved
for the soldiers of the West to evolve the scheme which has
resulted in this Order, in whose magnificent and still increasing
membership we rejoice today. But while such was the case, and
while it is also true that Massachusetts was not in on the ground
floor of its beginnings, yet from the time that she placed her
name on the master roll of Departments, from the time when she
flung her colors to the breeze, which she did with a pride whose
infancy was cradled in Boston and Lexington, and whose man-
hood inscribed its valor in telling chnracters on the ugly front of
Rebellion, from 1861 to 1865, she has held them proudly aloft.



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 249

and bore them in the ver}' van, year after year, while the Hags of
the founders Avere trailing in the dust, or hanging listlessly by the
staff. For this and other reasons it is that, during the years
which it has been ni}' honor and privilege to be one of your
representatives at headquarters, 1 have confidently declared, on
all suitable occasions, that, as a Department of the Grand Army,
Massachusetts stands without a peer.

For the information of at least half the comrades represented
on this floor, a few facts of a general character in relation to the
Order, more particularly in this State, may not wholly fail of
appreciation, and may possibly have some slight interest to all.

It is quite generally known by comrades long in the Order
that the Grand Army was founded b}' Dr. B. F. Stephenson, in
the spring of 186(i, with the doctor as Provisional Commander-
in-Chief, having his headquarters at Springfield, 111. The first
National Convention was held November 20 of the same year at
Indianapolis. Neither Massachusetts nor an}' other of the New
England States seems to have been represented there, although
Post 1 of New Bedford and Post 2 of Nantucket were then in
existence. This Department was born at Pittsburg, Pa., where,
at a Convention called in that city in 1866, as representatives of
the soldiers and sailors of Massachusetts, our comrades, Devens,
Banks, Cushman and Quint, were formally but quietly initiated
into an Order coming from further West, at a hotel. General
Devens was afterwards made Provisional Department Com-
mander, which office he soon transferred to Comrade A. S.
Cushman, our first Department Commander.

The Provisional Department of Massachusetts was organized
April 24, 1867, and the permanent Department, May 7 of the
same year, being the tenth organized in the order of time. Since
that date her representatives have participated in all the National
Encampments, and have wielded a powerful influence in giving to
the Order the comparative perfection of organization which it has
assumed. It was inseparable from the nature of things that she
should exercise this influence : first, because she stepped at once
to the head numerically, which position gave her the largest dele-
gation in our chief council; this lead she maintained till 187!);
second, because among the pioneers were men who had the best
interests of the Order at heart, and who devoted themselves to
strengthening it at every vulnerable point; third, because it was
favored in having at headquarters two such comrades as Assistant
Adjutants-General, for a series of years, whose enthusiastic zeal,
systematic labor and talent for thorough organization have laid,
not only this, but every other Department in the country, under
enduring obligations. For I am confident that only those who
have noted the character of the work done in other Departments
in years gone by, or who have sought information on Grand



250 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R.

Army work outside of this Department, or who are conversant
with the nature and extent of the inquiries receiving attention
from these headquarters for more than the dozen years last past,
can adequately appreciate the debt which must ever be owed to
Comrades Henry B. Peirce and James F. Meech.

There is little doubt but what, within two years of her
muster-in, Massachusetts took the lead in membership and in
the strength and cohesiveness of her organization ; for, on the
thirty-first day of March, 1872, the earliest record which has
been preserved to us, we reported a membership of 10,'J41 com-
rades ; while Indiana, to which report assigned a membership of
from twenty-five to thirty thousand in 1868, was prostrate in the
dust, there to lie uuresurrected till 1880; while Ohio, with its
brilliant showing of .more than three hundred Posts four years
previously, had shrunk to a report of nive hundred and tiventi/-
ek/ht comrades : while Illinois, the birthplace of the Order, with
an estimated membership of more than forty thousand in 1868,
then presented the stupendously dismal front of tivo hundred and
thirty-eight comrades : while even the great and populous soldier
States of New York and Pennsylvania recorded only a few over
foiir thousand comrades each. From this proud position, Massa-
chusetts advanced her numbers to 11,070 in 1873, and then grad-
ually declined in strength, though still keeping at the head of the
column, till 1880, when Pennsylvania took the lead, which she
still maintains. On the 31st of March, 1879, this Department
reported 7,748 comrades, which is low-water mark in its member-
ship to date. From that time forward, it and every other Depart-
ment has made an annual gain.

Lest some one may think that we 'unduly plume ourselves on
our character and standing as a Department of the Grand Army,
permit me to make a few extracts from the reports of past
National otflcers, which will enable us to " see ourselves as others
see us." The report of the Adjutant-General for 1869 says: —

"The Department of Massachusetts was organized May 7,
1867. Its reports and dues have been regularly forwarded, and
the same can be said of it as of the other Departments just men-
tioned " (viz., that it is in a thrifty condition). "It reported
in December, 1868, eighty Posts, a large portion of which have
been organized during the past year."

In 1870 the Adjutant-General's report mentions Massachu-
setts as one out of but three Departments in thirty-nine whose
quarterly reports gave the exact number of comrades borne upon
the rolls of their Posts. The same oflieial's report for 1871
says : —

"The Department of Massachusetts was organized April 24,
1867. To speak of this Department is to speak of the most



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 251

efficient Department of the Order. It has never been in arrears
for reports or dues, and since its organization has continued to
grow and prosper, and is now the largest Department of the
Order. This prosperity may properly be credited to the efforts
of the Department officers. The affairs. of the Department have
never been neglected, and the State bids fair long to lead the
several Departments of the Grand Army."

A prophecy which I have shown you was literally fulfilled.
The Inspector-General of 1872 says of us : —

" This Department is beyond all doubt the most thoroughly
organized and efficient Department in the Order .... The
majority of the Posts meet weekly, and there is an excellent feel-
ing everywhere in the State. This Department has been kept so
well in hand, mainly, I think, from having an established head-
quarters with an able Assistant Adjutant-General, who devotes
nearly all his time to the work at Department Headquarters, with
the Department Commander and the other officers constantly
attending to their duties and paying social and official visits to
Posts."

The Inspector-General for 1873 says: —

'' This Department stands at the head of our Order for
thorough organization and efficiency. The judicious management
of the large relief funds in the hands of most of the Posts, and
the plan of disbursing these funds, are especially commended to
the attention of other departments."

For 1874 we have : —

" Massachusetts still maintains her position at the head of
our Grand Army in every respect."

Once more and finally, from the Inspector-General's report
for 1878: —

"Massachusetts, the banner Department! AVell and justly
has she earned and maintained the proud distinction ! Since the
year 1869 Massachusetts has been an example in the works of
the Order that should be emulated by every other Department."

A great calamity befell the organization when Boston's
second great fire swept from existence its earlier annals, both
Department and National. From these many interesting facts
might have been obtained, showing its rise and growth. But
there is j^et a large amount of matter inferential and traditional,
anterior to the destruction of the records, written in the memory
of comrades early in the Order, which should be collected at once
and put in permanent form, as a most important portion of the
Department's archives. To this end I recommend that a com-
mittee of five be appointed by this Encampment to collate the



252 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R.

history of this Department up to the administration of the late
Department Commander Hawes, and issue it in a single volume,



Online LibraryGrand army of the republic. Dept. of MassachusettsJournals of the encampment proceedings of the Department of Massachusetts G.A.R. frm 1881 to 1887 inclusive → online text (page 26 of 64)