writing and arithmetic, but more particularly in their knowledge of the Holy Scriptures
and of their duty to God and man, and in the especial doctrines of the Church of England
as by law established, and on that occasion the parishioners were to be invited to attend,
and such rewards were to be given to the boys who should have received marks for diligence
as the Trustees should think proper, which rewards should be not less than 2d. for every
dozen marks to class scholars, 2Jd. to assistant teachers and 4d. to class teachers. Such
marks for class scholars were to be given on the representation of the teachers aloud
to the Master at the end of each day to not more than one-half of each class, and if any
boy thought the representation unfair, he was required to complain aloud, and the Master
was required to enquire and amend it ; but the teacher's marks were to be given at the
Master's discretion according to their diligence in improving the classes under their care.
As soon as possible after the yearly examination the Trustees were required to
examine the year's accounts and make a return of the numbers of the children and the
expenses to the National Society, or in default to the Archbishop of Canterbury for the
The Schoolmaster was empowered to receive into the School private scholars for
instruction, provided that he made no separation or distinction between the scholars so
received and the poor boys who were to be instructed gratis. If, however, the room was
too small for the numbers requiring admittance, the number of private scholars must
not exceed one-third of the whole number, and if the room was still too small the Trustees
were required to take measures for enlarging the schoolroom by applying the trust fund
for that purpose, or if it should be found inadequate by a Charity Sermon, or such other
means as they should think most likely to supply the deficiency, from the contributions
of charitably disposed persons, or otherwise. It was also declared that an Evening School
should be opened and kept by the Master, and should continue two evenings in the week
from six to eight o'clock from Michaelmas Day to Lady Day for communicating such
further instruction in religious and useful knowledge as should be approved by the Official
Trustees, or the majority of them, to any of the poor boys who should have attended the
School, unless they had been dismissed for ill-behaviour, and such poor boys should be
instructed gratis for four winters, but each boy attending should bear the expenses of the
paper and pens used by him and a proportion of the costs of light and fuel.
It was declared that a correspondence with the Kent Diocesan Society, so long as
it should exist, should be established, to which Society an Annual Report of the state of
the School and of the funds should be made by the Official Trustees, which Report should
be settled and agreed upon on the day appointed for the Public Examination of the boys;
but if the Society should cease to exist, then a regular correspondence with the National
Society should be established, and the Annual Report should be made to that Society.
Furthermore, to the end that no abuses of the Charity might take place through
inadvertency, it was required that a correct abstract of the regulations of the Sclio ol should be
fairly painted on a board and suspended in a conspicuous part of the Parish Church, and
should always be renewed and kept legible by the master for the time being, on pain of
forfeiting half the one quarter's salary, and the regulations should be read by the Officiating
Minister after Evening Prayers on Whit Sunday in every year after the death of the founders.
If at any time the Trustees should not comply with the conditions of the Endowment, it
was required that some one or more of the inhabitants of Wittersham should represent
the case by letter or otherwise to the Archbishop of Canterbury, whom the founders thereby
empowered and entreated to order and remedy such abuses.
The Deed also contains the following provision to prevent abuses or neglect of the
provisions contained : —
" And be it remembered that the object of this Foundation is to extend the benefit
" of instruction and religious knowledge as widely as its means will allow, and though
" the provisions herein made are such as to fallible man likely to ensure the same, yet
" much must depend on the zeal and integrity of the Master and Trustees for the time
" being, who are hereby called upon as they value the blessing of Almighty God,
" and as they hope to find their own children a comfort and support to them, faith -
" fully and truly to perform the duties imposed on them ; but should this Charity not-
" withstanding, grow into neglect, disuse, or- the provisions herein made be disre-
" garded, then the said National Society for promoting the education of the poor on
" the principles of the Established Church, or in default thereof any other Charity
" for similar purposes that may first claim the same, shall be entitled to the income
" arising from the said lands until such time as the said Parish of Wittersham shall
" have restored the Charity to its original state."
It was also provided that if any vacancy should happen among the Official Trustees
by refusal or incapacity to act, or otherwise, then the Official Trustees should be at liberty
to act without such Trustee, or should elect and appoint some one of the Clergy or gentlemen
of independent fortune to supply such vacancy until such time as the same should be supplied
by ordinary succession, or by the party, who should have caused the vacancy, resuming
the said office.
In 1874 the old School in the Churchyard was pulled down, the materials were used
in erecting a new School, and the site of the old School was added to the Churchyard.
By a Deed dated 26th June, 1874, and enrolled 9th July, 1874, the site of the new School
was conveyed to the Rector and Churchwardens of Wittersham on trust for the purposes
of a School to be in union with the National Society. A building grant of £281 5s. was
made to the new School by the Committee of Council on Education.
By a Scheme of the Charity Commissioners dated 7th May, 1875, the real estate of
the Charity of William and Mary Cornwallis was vested in the Official Trustee of Charity
Lands and the Rectors of the Parishes of Beckley, Biddenden and Wittersham and the
Churchwardens of the Parish of Wittersham were appointed Trustees of the Charity.
Clause 2 provided that the Rector of Wittersham, if present, should be chairman of the
Clause 7 provides that the clear amount of the income of the Charity after payment
thereout of all necessary and proper outgoings shall be applied by the Trustees in and
towards the maintenance and support of the School recently established in the Parish
of Wittersham for the education of poor children of the Parish, so long as such School shall
be efficiently conducted in conformity with the provisions of the Deed of Grant dated 26th
June, 1874, and of the Indenture of 12th February, 1820, so far as the provisions of the
Deed of 1820 are applicable and capable of taking effect.
The Endowment of the Foundation consists of a piece of Marshland commonly known
as the Sixteen Acres, containing 18 acres 13 perches, situate at Smallhithe in the Parish of
Tenterden in the County of Kent, and formerly part of a farm called Bulleign Farm.
The land is let for £35 a year.
The Wittersham Church of England School has accommodation for 222 children and
an average attendance of 93.
Parish of Wormshill. •
The Poor's Land.
[Printed Report, Vol. XXX., p. 590.]
From a statement submitted to the Charity Commissioners in the year 1860, it appears
that there was at that date a Charity known as " The Poor's Land," consisting of 10 acres
9913. 2 B 2
3 roods 1 perch of arable land and woodland let at the annual rent of £5, and .3 roods of
land let at a rent of 5s., the origin of which was unknown.
The Printed Report also refers to a Charity known as the Poor's Land, and states
that the income of the Charity was applied under the advice of the Archdeacon towards the
instruction of poor children of the Parish of Wormshill.
By an Order of the County of Kent holden at Sittingbourne, dated 16th June, 1860,
and made in the matter of the Charity called the Poor's Land, it was ordered that the
real estate of the Charity should vest in the then Rector, Churchwarden and Overseers
of the Parish, their heirs and assigns, and that the Rector, Churchwarden and Overseers of
the Parish and their successors should be Trustees for the administration of the Charity,'
and it was further ordered that the income of the Charity should be applied towards the
education of the children of poor persons resident within the Parish of Wormshill without
distinction as to religious sect. The Order was approved by the Charity Commissioners on
the 20th July, 1860.
The Charity Commissioners by Order dated 21st December, 1860, authorised the
Trustees to sell the whole of the land forming the endowment of the Foundation for the
sum of £235.
Under an Order of the Charity Commissioners of 5th February, 1861, the net proceeds
of sale were invested in the purchase of a sum of £254 14s. lOd. Consols, which was transferred
to the Official Trustees of Charitable Funds.
The income has been applied in connection with Wormshill School. It has accom-
modation for forty-two children and an average attendance of twenty-eight. The Trustees
have applied to the Board for a Scheme for the future administration of the Foundation.
The annual income is £6 7s. 4d., arising from the sum of Stock before-mentioned.
Paeish of Wye.
The School Foundation.
[Printed Report, Vol. II., p. 46.]
The following account of this Charity is derived from Hasted's History of the County
of Kent, published in 1798.
Cardinal Archbishop John Kempe, in the tenth year of Henry VI. obtained a
license from the Crown to found the College of Wye and by an instrument under his seal
and in the twenty-sixth year of the same reign, 1447, converted the Parish Church of Wye
into a College to consist of a Provost, Chaplains, and Priests to administer daily in it, and
for them he caused a college to be built adjoining the Parish Church on his own ground,
after which he promulgated a set of statutes and endowed the college with sufficient
estates in the parish of Wye and other parishes in the County of Kent.
The Provost and Fellows of the College by their instrument under seal dated 19th
January in the thirty-sixth year of Henry VIII. , surrendered to the King the College and
lands then worth £93 2s. O^d. a year.
The King then granted the premises so surrendered amongst other things, to Walter
Bucler, Esq., Secretary to Queen Catherine, who in the thirty-eighth year of the same
reign conveyed the same to Sir Maurice Dennis.
Sir Maurice in the first year of Queen Mary sold the same premises to William Damsell,
Esq., who was afterwards knighted.
The four daughters of the said Sir William Damsell in the next reign of Queen Eliza-
beth became entitled to this property, which at the end of the seventeenth century became
vested in George Wheeler, Prebendary of Durham, who after being knighted and making
a Codicil to his Will, as hereinafter mentioned, died in 1724.
Archbishop Kempe ordained by his statutes, that all scholars were to be taught gratis
both rich and poor in the art of grammar, unless a present was voluntarily made, and
except the usual offering of cocks and pence at the feast of St. Nicholas.
The Grammar Master was to be a Graduate in the same or some other faculty, and he
was to have liberty to instruct scholars privately out of the school hours and to take pay
for it, so that he did not neglect the school.
Upon the dissolution of the College in the thirty-sixth year of Henry VIII. the King
in the same year granted the Rectories of Boughton Aluph, Brenset, and Newington and
the advowsons of the Vicarages of them and the Vicarage of Wye, parcel of the possessions
of the dissolved college, to Walter Bucler, subject to a proviso, that the grantee and his
heirs should at all times provide and maintain a sufficient master, capable of teaching
hoys and young lads in grammar without fee or reward in the Parish of Wye, and he and
they were to pay him out of the revenues of these premises the salary of £13 6s. 8d. yearly.
But Walter Bucler neglecting to perform these conditions, the School continued un-
provided for, and his grant on that account became forfeited to the Crown in consequence
of a Commission of Inquiry in the thirty-fifth year of Elizabeth for that purpose.
Another Commission was taken in 24 Jac. I., by which it was found, that Walter
Bucler had not fulfilled the conditions of his grant, owing to which the Crown was entitled
to resume the Estates.
Charles I., in the second year of his reign thereupon granted the said Estates to Robert
Maxwell, Esq., and his heirs for ever, provided that they should provide and maintain
such a schoolmaster and pay him £16 yearly, after which the King in the fifth year of his
reign made a new grant of the said Estates to Robert Maxwell and his heirs on the like
condition, subject to the proviso, that if the salary of £16 was not paid in the whole or in
part within thirty days after it was due, he and they were to forfeit £4 over and above the
payment due and so for every month after, so long as it should continue unpaid, with the
usual power of distress, etc.
Lady Joanna Thornhill, by her Will, dated 6th January, 1708, after bequeathing a
Legacy of £500 for the benefit of the poor desired her Executors and the survivors of
them to give and dispose of the residue of her estate to and for the use, behoof and benefit
of the poorest sort of children of the town of Wye for their improvement in learning,
and for their better education in such sort and manner as they should think fit.
By Indenture, dated 21st May, 1717, Dr. Lowth and his wife and others, in considera-
tion of £1,200 conveyed to the Trustees for the Charity of Dame Joanna Thornhill a farm
called Aymings, containing 118 acres, in trust for the Charity.
Sir George Wheeler, by a Codicil to his Will, bearing date 4th December, 1723,
after reciting that he had recently purchased the College of Wye, in the County of Kent,
with all the lands and tenements thereunto belonging gave and devised as follows : —
" I do hereby to the glory of God and the benefit of the poor children of the
"Town and Parish of Wye, give and devise the said College of Wye, and all and every
"the lands and tenements, houses, outhouses, gardens and appurtenances thereunto
"belonging, unto John Johnson of the said Town and Parish of Wye, Esqre, Major —
*' Farr of the same place, Esqre, and John Sawbridge of the same place, Esqre, and their
" successors Trustees for ever In Trust to the several uses, intents and purposes herein-
" after mentioned, that is to say, In Trust that the said John Johnson, Major — Farr
" and John Sawbridge and their successors Trustees shall and do, from time to
" time, and at all times hereafter have, take and receive the rents, issues and profits
" of all the said lands and tenements belonging to the said College, and thereout and
*' therewith first satisfy, pay and discharge all fines, out-rents, sesses, and taxes
" whatsoever (window sess excepted), which shall from time to time become due and
" payable for and out of the said premises, and shall and do apply all the residue and
" remainder of the said rents, issues and profits of the said premises in and for the
*' good, sufficient and better reparation of the said house called the College of Wye for
■" ever, and also in trust that they shall and will permit and suffer the present Master
""and Mistress and their successors Masters and Mistresses foi the time being of the
■" said Charity children to be elected and chosen by the five Governors of Lady
" Joanna Thornhill 's Charity according to the statutes in that behalf provided or
■" to be provided and settled by the Lord Chancellor of Great Britain for the time
" being, to inhabit, dwell and teach the said Charity children in all that half of
"the said College, beginning from the door going into the Churchyard West, North
'" and East into the great door entering the house or College at the east or south-
■" east side, both which doors shall be used in common to go in and out of the whole
'" house, which said half of the said College shall for ever hereafter be used and
■" enjoyed for the purposes aforesaid by the said Master and Mistress in such
'" separate .and distinct parts and proportions, and in such manner as is herein-
' after mentioned, that is to say : That the said Master shall have the Great Hall
'" to teach the said male children in, the South end of which Hall shall be by my
*' said Trustees separated from the passage going out or entering into the said College
"" by boards wainscots or wall work and the common entrance into the said Hall shall
" be the same door, that is, by the Great Parlor Door that the less disturbance
" and inconvenience may be made to the South part of the house hereinafter settled
"' and devised. And also that the said Master shall have for habitation, lodging and
Ai other conveniences the wainscot ground room in the West and north corner of the
*' College House next to the Churchyard West, and towards the garden North, and
" the chambers over them to the Great Staircase, which staircase shall be used in
"common by the said Master and Mistress of the said Charity children, and that
" the said Mistress shall have and enjoy for the uses and purposes aforesaid the great
" wainscot room called the Great Parlour, situate and being at the North and East
" corner of the College House behind the North end of the Great Hall, and extending
"to the Great Staircase, and therein to teach the Charity female children, and also
" that the said Mistress shall have for her habitation, lodgings and other conveniences
" all the rooms or chambers above the Great Parlor into the Great Staircase.
" And whereas the Grammar or Free School of "Wye aforesaid where I had some
" part of my education in my childhood is but very meanly endowed, I do hereby
" order and appoint that the said Trustees and their successors shall permit and
" suffer the Master of the said Grammar School for the time being for ever to have
" and enjoy all the South part of the said College from the Great Entrance by the
" Hall Eastward, and so turning Southward to the entrance or door unto and from
" the Churchyard Westward, with all the ground rooms and upper chambers thereof,
" with the garden between the said Grammar School and the said last mentioned
" part of the said College house, in hopes also that the Noble Patron and his suc-
" cessors patrons of the said Grammar School will in time to come and as soon as he
" shall have opportunity and see convenient, constitute the said Schoolmaster and his
" successors to be also Ministers of the Parish of Wye aforesaid, that the said School
" may flourish as in times past when both were joined. And I do hereby order and
" appoint that the said Brewhouse,Wellhouse, Casements, ways and egress and regress
" to and from each person's share of the said College shall be free and common to
" each occupier and enjoyer thereof, and that each occupier or possessor of the
" said premises shall from time to time sufficiently amend and repair the glass windows
" of their respective share."
By an Indenture dated 11th July, 1724, Joseph Wright and Thomas Wright, in con-
sideration of £801 granted to the Trustees of the Charity devised for the benefit of the
noorest sort of children of the Town of Wye, three pieces or parcels of marsh land containing
40 acres in Aldington and Hurst, in trust for the Charity.
By a Decree of the Court of Chancery of 10th October, 1726, it was ordered that the
Charity estates should be conveyed to the then Minister of Wye, and to the Ministers of
the four adjoining Parishes of Boughton Aluph, Crundale, Godmersham and Brook, and
to three other persons.
By an Indenture dated 12th February, 1820, a piece of land known as Longreach
was conveyed to the Trustees of the Charity, in consideration of £50.
By an Order of the Court of Chancery of 30th June, 1848, a Report of the master, dated
10th June, 1848, was confirmed. This Report recommended that a girls' schoolroom
should be erected, and that the existing girls' schoolroom should be converted into a
residence for the schoolmistress. For this purpose the Trustees were authorised to borrow
£300. The actual expense was £659, which was provided partly out of current income,
partly by means of a loan.
In 1862, Lady Joanna ThornhilPs School was a School for boys and girls, in which the
Church of England Catechism was taught. The average attendance of boys was fifty,
and of girls sixty-two. The Grammar School was attended by two day boys and there
were also two boarders ; Latin and Greek were taught in the School. In 1870, the Gram-
mar School was converted into a " Commercial " School.
By a Scheme of the Charity Commissioners made under the Endowed Schools Acts
and approved by Her Majesty in Council, 29th June, 1878, it was provided that the Wye
Grammar School and Lady Joanna Thornhill's Charity together with the gift of Sir George
Wheeler should be administered as one Foundation under the Governing Body thereby
constituted. The Scheme provided for a Grammar School and an Elementary School,
and provision was made for constituting an upper Department in certain circumstances.
The provisions of the Scheme have been entirely superseded by the subsequent Scheme of
By an Order of the Charity Commissioners of 2nd September, 1881, the Governors
were authorised to borrow from the Trustees of the Parochial Charities in the Parish of
Wye the sum of £300 for the purpose of improving the Elementary School buildings at
a cost of £347 ; and it was provided that the amount so borrowed should be repaid within
twenty years from the date thereof. The replacement was completed in 1901.
By an Order of the Charity Commissioners of 22nd January, 1884, the Governors
were authorised to borrow £200 from the Trustees of the Parochial Charities for the purpose
of completing certain works on the farm belonging to the Charity known as Hurst Farm,
and it was provided that the sum so borrowed should be replaced within twelve years.
The replacement was completed in 1896.
"• By a Scheme of the Charity Commissioner's made under the Endowed Schools
Acts, and approved by Her Majesty in Council 16th May, 1893, it was provided that
the Endowment of the Foundation should be administered, as two Foundations; that
one of the Foundations should be called the School Foundation, and should consist
of all the property of the Foundation, except the Wye College with site, field, stable
and out buildings ; and that the other Foundation should be administered under a separate
Scheme under the name of the South-Eastern Agricultural School and College, on condition
that a sum of not less than £1,000 should be paid by or on behalf of the County Councils
of the administrative Counties of Kent and Surrey to the Official Trustees of Charitable
Funds in trust for the School Foundation.
The Governing Body of the School Foundation consists of four Representative Gover-
nors, appointed for a term of five years, two by the Vestry of the Parish of Wye, one by an
electing body consisting of the Vicar, Churchwardens and Overseers of the poor of the Parish
of Wye, and pne by the School Board of the United School District of Wye, and of three
Co-optative Governors appointed for a term of eight years by resolution of the Governors.
Clause 20 vests the real estate of the Charity in the Official Trustee of Charity Lands.
Clause 24 provides that the liabilities of the Wye College Grammar and Thornhill
Schools under any Orders of the Charity Commissioners shall be paid out of the income of
the School Foundation.
Clause 29 provides that the School shall be a School for boys and girls, shall be
maintained in or near the parish of Wye, and shall be conducted as a Public Elementary
School under Sec. 7 of the Elementary Education Act, 1870.
Clause 30 provides that the Governors shall provide for the School proper
buildings and may apply for the purpose such a sum of money to be raised, if needful,
out of the capital Endowment of the Foundation by sale or otherwise, as shall with money
to be provided from other sources, be sufficient, subject, however, to the approval of the