(part of) Harthill.
Two of the MSS. mentioned below contain the returns for
Langbargh and Pickering wapentakes, but for those of Agbrigg,
Ewcross, Osgoldcross, Staincross and Whitby- Strand, and the
liberties of Aldborough, Knaresborough and Eipon, none have
been discovered. Perhaps Osgoldcross and Staincross were not
surveyed on account of all the manors being held by one
person, as appears from the Nomina Villarum; Aldborough
with its dependencies was ancient demesne in the hands of the
crown ; and with regard to the other wapentakes and liberties
not included in the returns now extant, the Commissioners may
have met with similar treatment to that experienced a few years
later by the jurors appointed to enquire concerning Knights
" Ballivi Comitis Warenni non permittunt nos intrare libertatem
Comitis, unde praejudicate vos " (page 227, postea}. " Tcnentes
Comitis Warenni neque in Halomshire nee Donecastre, cum socagio,
corani nobis noluerunt respondere nee venire, ideo de eis nihil possumus
respondere" (page 231, posted).
Although it is occasionally corrupt in its nomenclature, the
York MS. appears upon the whole to be more correct than any
other copy of the Inquest that I have had the opportunity of
examining. It has on this account, therefore, been selected for
the texf now printed, with the exception of the inquisitions for
r Sonic slight alteration lias been made in the sequence of the w
included in the York MS., so as to bring each into its proper Hiding.
THE PREFACE. XV11
the wapentake of Ouse and Derwent and the liberty of Rich-
mondshire, which are derived from earlier transcripts. The
York* text has been collated with some of the following MSS.
(A.) Treasury of Receipt of the Exchequer Department of
the Public Record Office. A folio book,, on paper 11^ inches
long by 7} inches wide, lettered on the back, KIRKBY QUEST,
ETC. DOM. CAP. WESTM. Class-mark, B., i., 11. Hand
writing, temp. Henry VIII. The volume commences with the
Nomina Villaram for Yorkshire. This is followed by Kirkby s
Inquest for the same county, which agrees in general arrange
ment with the York MS., and comprises the same wapentakes.
The remaining portion of the book is occupied by Inquisitions
of Knights Fees, taken in the 31st Edward I., for the wapen
takes and liberties of Claro, Skyrack, Knaresborough, Aid-
borough, Ripon, Barkston, the Ainsty, Morley, Agbrigg,
StraflPorth and Tickhill.
(B.) In the same Department. A folio book, on paper 15J
inches long by 9J inches wide, lettered on the back, NOMINA
VILLAR IN COM. EBOR., 9 EDW. II. KIRBY S QUEST, 24
EDW. I. FEOD. JOH IS Ducis LANCAS P. & AQUITA INFRA
HONOREM DE PONTEFRACTO TEMPORE EDW. II. ClaSS-mark,
B., iv., 24. Handwriting, about the middle of the sixteenth
century. This transcript of the Inquest includes the returns
for the same wapentakes as the York and A. MSS., but there is
a slight difference in their arrangement. In addition to the
Inquisitions of Knights Fees, 31st Edward I., as given in the
MS. last described, this volume contains a valuable return of a
similar nature, and of the same date, for the wapentake of
* There is another copy of Kirkby s Inquest in the Eegistry of the Dean and
Chapter of York, which agrees generally with the MS. just described. It is
contained in a Feodary s Book, written in the reign of queen Elizabeth, the
class-mark of which is 31. This MS. also comprises transcripts of Inquisitions
of Knights Fees and the Nomina Villarum for Yorkshire. It is hereinafter
referred to by the letter F.
XV111 THE PREFACE.
(C.) Queen s Remembrancer s Department of the Exchequer.
A thick folio, unpaged,, on paper 16^ inches long by 6 inches
wide. Class-mark, No. 52. T. G. 15,644. Handwriting, about
the middle of the sixteenth century. Besides a transcript of the
Inquest for the county of York, which agrees generally with the
MSS. already described, except that the wapentake of Harthill
is placed between those of Strafforth and Staincliffe, this book
contains copies of Rolls of Fees abstracted from Inquisitions
taken by John de Kirkby and his fellows in other parts^ of
England. It likewise contains a mass of matter, derived chiefly
from the accounts of the escheators in the time of Edward I.
and Edward II., and comprehending facts possibly not to be
found elsewhere. The following is a sample of the entries,
taken from the compotus of Thomas de Burgh, escheator ultra
Trentam, 15th Edward II. :
" QUIXLE. Terrse ibidem mine Johannis Crokedayk tenentur de
Willelmo de Twenge. Tenementa ibidem mine dicti Johannis tenentur
de abbathia de Fontibus per servitium vijs. per annum solvend."
(R.) Rawlinson MS., 450 B. } in the Bodleian Library. In
addition to a copy of the abridged version of the Inquest, and
other valuable matter, fully described in the printed Catalogue,
this volume" contains transcripts of Inquisitions taken before
John de Kirkby in the wapentakes of Langbargh and Pickering,
which are not found in any of the above-mentioned MSS. It
* A list of the counties with the names of the commissioners is given at page
u The following memorandum is attached to the inside of the cover : "Tins
collection is very valuable, serving (principally) for the general History of the
County of York, both in Church and State, antient and modern. The Collector
appears to be Nicli 5 . Wanton, in the Reign of James I., of whose proper Hand
writing most of the MSS. seem to be." Nicholas Wanton was the youngest son
and heir of Thomas Wanton, esq., of London, by Joan, only daughter and
heiress of John Laxton, esq., brother and heir of Sir William Laxton, knight.
He died unmarried, March 2nd, 1617-8, and was buried in York Minster.
THE PREFACE. XIX
includes, also, two versions of the Inquest for Skyrack wapen-
take. One agrees generally with the abstract given in the York
MS. The other is entitled, " Wapentagium de Skyrack alio
modo/" and appears to be a transcript of the original return.
That these two versions may be compared, I have printed both
on the same page.
(S.)Addit. MS., 26,729, in the British Museum. A Feo-
dary s Book/ partly written in the reign of queen Elizabeth,
and partly in the seventeenth century. This MS. comprises a
portion of Kirkby s Inquest for Yorkshire, and includes the
return for the wapentake of Pickering, of which only one other
copy is known to be extant. It likewise contains transcripts
of the Inquisitions taken by John de Kirkby in Richmondshire,
which differ in several important particulars from the MSS.
already described, and also from the Register of the Honor of
Richmond (Cott. MSS., Faust. B. vii.), whence the text for this
portion of the Inquest is derived/
With the exception of the returns for the wapentakes of
" This MS. was purchased for the British Museum, in 1865, of John George
Smyth, esq., of Heath Hall, near Wakefield.
Bawl. MS., 450 B.
* A copy of the Inquest is preserved in the Library of the Leeds Grammar
School. It is thus described in the printed Catalogue : " An Inquisition taken
by John de Kirkby and his associates, Commissioners assigned by the writ arid
order of king Edward I. Copied from the originals by T. Wilson, 1747, in folio."
This manuscript, however, was not " copied from the originals." According to
the title-page, it was " Transcribed from an Antient MS. belonging unto the
Bight hon. Family of the Percys, Earls of Northumberland., by John Hopkinson
of Lofthouse, Gent., Clerk of the Peace for the West Biding, 1656 ; which Tran
script was generously communicated by Bichard Bichardson of Byerley, Esq., the
very good Friend of T. Wilson, anno 1747." The volume comprises the Nomina
Villarum for Yorkshire, an abridged version of Kirkby s Inquest, and several
Inquisitions of Knights Fees, but it contains nothing which may not be found
in the MSS. already described, and the text is exceedingly corrupt.
I would take this opportunity of thanking Dr. Henderson, the Head Master,
for his kindness in allowing me to examine this MS.
XX THE PREFACE.
Langbargh, Pickering and Skyrack, all the so-called copies or
transcripts of the Inquest that have just been described must
be considered as abstracts only of the original Inquisitions ; and
from the fact that in all the above-mentioned MSS. the entry
relating to the town of Driffield, in the East Riding, is placed
between the returns for the wapentake of Morley, in the West
Riding, and that of Birdforth, in the North Riding, there can
be little doubt that these abstracts were originally derived from
a common source.
As nearly all the above-mentioned MSS. were found to
contain copies of Inquisitions of Knights Fees, taken in the
31st Edward I., for the wapentakes and liberties of Claro,
Skyrack, Knaresborough, Aldborough, Ripon, Barkston, the
Ainsty, Morley, Agbrigg, Strafforth, and Tickhill, some of
which were not included, and others only partially surveyed, in
Kirkby s Inquest, and more particularly, also, as these Inquisi
tions, with others mentioned below, appeared to afford a valuable
means of testing its general accuracy, it has been considered
advisable to print them in the present volume. To these have
been added similar Inquisitions, of the same date, for the wapen
takes of Langbargh, Pickering, Howdenshire, Holderness, Dic
kering, Harthill, and Buckrose, and the returns of the Aid
granted to king Edward I., all derived from the original Subsidy
Rolls preserved among the Miscellaneous Records of the Queen s
Remembrancer in the Exchequer, which I obtained permission
to transcribe through the kind offices of Mr. Walbran, who was
the first to point them out as useful for this work.
Although the " Nomina Villarum " for the county of York
has already appeared in print under the editorial care of Sir
Francis Palgrave, yet since the work y in which it is included is
not accessible to students of Yorkshire topography generally,
and is inconveniently cumbrous in its bulk, it has been thought
" Parliamentary Writs, vol. ii.., div. iii.
THE PREFACE. XXI
expedient to append this document to a record, of which it is a
valuable illustration. Except where otherwise stated, the text
now printed is derived from the Harleian MS., 6281, which
was one of those used by Sir Francis Palgrave. A description
of this MS. is given at page 302, posted ; and to what is there
stated I will only add that no pains have been spared to correct
the errors of a corrupt text.
The illustrative documents printed in the Appendix have
been chiefly derived from the archiepiscopal registers at York.
Among them will be found some valuable Inquisitions of Knights
Fees in the wapentakes of Buhner and Holderness, containing
particulars relating to several places not named in Kirkby s In
quest; similar Inquisitions of Fees held of the see of York in the
counties of York. Nottingham, Lincoln, Leicester and Glou
cester ; a List of all the Homages rendered to the archbishops
for lands in Yorkshire held of the see ; and several early grants
of wardship and marriage. The Appendix concludes with some
tables of Land Measure, etc., taken from a Rental of Henry,
earl of Northumberland, which are valuable as being calculations
on the subject of carucates and oxgangs, made while the feudal
system was in existence.
The corrupt and irregular nomenclature of Kirkby s Inquest
and the Nomina Villarum has partly rendered necessary the
preparation of a somewhat elaborate Index Locorum, which, it
is hoped, will prove not the least valuable portion of this work.
As far as they can be identified, the Domesday names and the
modern names of all the Yorkshire vills mentioned in the text
are given in parallel columns, references being added to the
facsimile edition of Domesday Book, and to the sheets of the
Ordnance Survey on the 6-inch scale.
In conclusion, the editor begs to offer the thanks of the
Surtees Society to the Dean and Chapter of York, for their
liberality in having placed at its disposal an early copy of
Kirk by s Inquest, which has furnished the text of a considerable
XX11 THE PREFACE.
portion of this work ; to Messrs. Buckle and Hudson,, for per
mission to extract from the archiepiscopal registers what might
be necessary for the purpose of illustration ; to the Rev. H. O.
Coxe, keeper of the Bodleian Library, for the unrestricted use
of the Dodsworth and Rawlinson MSS.; and to Joseph Munby,
Esq., of York, for the loan of the Percy MSS.
The editor desires, also, to tender his personal acknowledg
ments to Professor Max Miiller, H. A. Hudson, Esq., and C. A.
Thiselton, Esq., for their unvarying courtesy and attention ; and
to T. Burton, Esq., C. Jackson, Esq., and Dr. Sykes, for their
Above all, the writer must express his grateful thanks to
his kind relative, Robert Davies, Esq., to the Rev. Canon Raine,
and to J. R. Walbran, Esq., for the aid and counsel they have
at all times afforded, and for their valuable assistance in secur
ing the general accuracy of this his first literary essay.
ROBERT H. SKAIFE.
THE MOUNT, YORK.
November 30M, 1807,
GENERAL INDEX OF CONTENTS.
KIRKBY S INQUEST FOR YORKSHIRE.
Wapentagium de Strafford 1
Wapentagium de Stainclyfe 13
Wapentagium de Aynsty 23
Wapentagium de Morley 30
Wapentagium de Skyrayk 31
Wapentagium de Clarow 44
Wapentagium de Barkeston 48
Wapentagium de Dekeryng 51
Wapentagium inter Usam et Derwent 60
Wapentagium de Houdenshire 70
Wapentagium de Buccros 71
Wapentagium de Holdernesse 74
Wapentagium de Hertliull 78
Wapentagium de Brudeford 93
Libertas de Alverton 99
De libertate Bella? Landse 105
Wapentagium de Bulemer 107
Wapentagium de Bidale 110
Wapentagium de Langberghe 124
Wapentagium de Pykering 138
Wapentagium de Hang 148
Feodarium de Gillyng West 164
Feodarium de Gillyng Est 174
Wapentagium de Halykeld 181
KNIGHTS FEES IN YORKSHIRE.
Wapentagium de Staincliffe 189
Feoda militum in wapentagio de Clarliowe 203
Feoda militum in wapentagio de Skyrake 207
Feoda militum de libertate de Knaresburgli et Veteri Burgh 211
De feodis militum de libertate Hipon 212
Feoda militum de wapentagio de Barkston 213
XXIV GENERAL INDEX OF CONTENTS.
Feoda militum in wapentagio de Aynsty 216
Feoda nrilitum in wapentagfo de Morley 224
Feoda militum in wapentagio de Aggebrige . 228
Feoda militum in wapentagio de Strafford 230
Feoda militum infra libertatem de Tykhill 232
Wapentachium de Langbergh ". 231
Feoda militaria wapentachii de Pykering 239
Feoda militaria wapentachii de Heudernesse 243
Wapentachium de Buckrose 266
AID GRANTED TO KING EDWARD I.
THE NOMINA VILLARUM FOR YORKSHIRE.
The king s writ to the sheriff 301
The sheriff s return Hid.
"Wapentagium de Herthill 307
Wapentagium de Dikering 311
Wapentagium de Bucceros 314
Libertas de Houeden 316
Libertas de Beverlaco 318
Wapentagium inter Usam et Derewent 319
Wapentagium de Eidale 320
Wapentagium de Brudeford 322
Wapentagium de Bulmer 324
Villse in libertate de Pykering 326
Tillse in libertate de Whiteby 327
Wapentagium de Langbergh 328
Libertas de Eypon 331
Libertas de Bella Landa 332
GENERAL INDEX OF CONTENTS. XXV
Libertas de Richemund 333
Libertas de Alverton 340
Wapentagium de Aynsty 342
Libertas Sancti Leonard! Ebor 341
AVapentagium de Barkeston , ibid.
Wapentagium de Skyrak 347
"Wapentagiuni de Clarkou 349
Wapentagium de Aggebrigg 351
Libertas de Knaresburgh 353
"Wapentagiuni de Staynclif 354
Wapentagium de Strafford 358
Wapentagiuni de Morley 360
Wapentagium de Youcross 362
Libertas de Osgotcrosse 363
Libertas de Tykhill 365
Libertas Beatse Marise Ebor 367
In Libertate Sancti Petri Ebor 368
Feoda de Holdernesse . 371
Feoda militum in wapentagio de Buhner 378
Feoda militum archiepiscopatus Ebor. in coniitatibus Ebor., Notingham.,
Lincoln., Leycestre et Gloucestre 383
Homagia et fidelitates 398
A grant of the wardship and marriage of John, son and heir of Richard de
A grant of the wardship and marriage of the heir of John le Aleinan Hid.
A grant of the wardship and marriage of William, son and heir of William
de Chaerthorp 423
A grant of the marriage of William, son and heir of William de Lindele . . ibid.
A grant of the wardship of Thomas de Burgo, etc 424
A grant of the wardship and marriage of William, son and heir of John de
A grant of the wardship and marriage of John, son of Richard, son of
Robert de la Sale de Tymbel 425
A grant of Isabella de Bella Aqua to her son, William de Bella Aqua, of
his own marriage ibid.
A grant of the marriage of Richard, son and heir of Sir Robert de Fur-
neaux, knight 427
A grant of the custody of the lands of Godfrey de Melsa, at Hodelston, to
Robert de Grenefeld and William, his son ibid.
A grant of the marriage of Hugh, son and heir of Richard de Babington 428
A grant of the wardship and marriage of Agnes, daughter and heiress of
John Malebrauk, of Farneley 429
XXVI GENERAL INDEX OF CONTENTS.
A grant of the wardship and marriage of Richard, son and heir of Richard
de Fourneux ibid.
A commission to seize John, son and heir of John de Langton, of York 430
A grant of the wardship and marriage of John, son and heir of John de
Langton, of York ibid.
Nomina eorum qui tenent xx libratas terrse de rege in capite vel de illis
qui sunt infra sctatem qui ex mandate regis distringebantur per vice-
comit ad transfretandum ad regem Henricum tertium in Vasconia
contra regem Castellse, qui terram Vasconise hostiliter ingressurus erat,
pugnaturi, anno regni regis Henrici tertii xxxviii, salutis humanse a
Christo 1253 432
Nomina illorum qui habent xv libratas terrse et tenent per servitium mill-
tare et milites non sunt, anno xl regni regis Henrici tertii 433
Redditus et servitia liberorum forinsecorum apud Ripon 435
Breve ad inquirendum de duobis feodis archiepiscopi injuste occupatis per
comitissam Albemarlise, in Holdernesse, cujus terrse existunt nunc in
manibus regis 437
Inquisitio de articulis tangentibus escaeteriam infra wapentagium de
A letter from Robert de Hilton to archbishop Melton concerning the manor
of Swine 440
Quieta clamancia quam dominus archiepiscopus fecit Roberto de Annesley
et aliis super jure et clameo quse habet in maneriis de Birne et Kirte-
Tables of Land Measure, etc 442
KIEKBY S INQUEST
KIRKBY S INQUEST FOE YORKSHIRE.
ROTULUS FEODORUM" QUJE TENENTUR DE REGE* ET DE ALIIS
DIVERSIS IN COMITATU EBORACENSL, SECUNDUM INQUISI-
TIONES INDE FACTAS CORAM DOMINO JOHANNE DE KYRKEBY,
TUNC THESAURARIO DOMINI REGIS, ET SOCIIS SUIS AD HOC
ASSIGNATIS PER IPSUM REGEM j ET ETIAM DE REDDITIBUS
ASSIZE REGI DEBITIS SECUNDUM EASDEM INQUISITIONES. C
WAPENTAGIUM DE STRAFFORD/
HOTON PAINEL. Robertus Luterell tenet Hoton Painel de rege
in capite pro ij feodis militum.
WATH. Willelmus le Flemmyng tenet villam de Wath de
a Except where otherwise stated, this text is printed from a Manuscript,
written in the latter part of the fifteenth century, which is now preserved in the
Eegistry of the Dean and Chapter of York. Torre s reference to it is P.y.
A description of this MS., as well as of other copies of Kirkby s Inquest with
which it has been collated, has been given in the Preface, and it is only necessary
here to supplement what is there stated by a few explanatory remarks.
Although, upon the whole, the York MS. is, apparently, the most correct of
any of the so-called transcripts of this Inquest which I have had the opportunity
of examining, the names of places and persons are occasionally so corruptly
given that considerable difficulty has in consequence been experienced in their
identification. It has on this account, therefore, been considered inadvisable to
perpetuate in every case the errors in the text now printed ; but no alteration has
been made where the slightest doubt has occurred as to the place or person
intended. The more minute variations between the York MS. and some of those
mentioned below are not recorded, and the bracketted portions of the text, in the
instances unnoted, are supplied by conjecture. In the different readings given
in the attendant notes, the several letters appended refer to the following MSS. :
A. A book marked B., i., 11, in the Treasury of Receipt of the Exchequer
Department of the Public Record Office.
B. A book marked B., iv., 24, in the same Department.
C. A book numbered 52 in the Queen s Remembrancer s Department of the
D. The Dodsworth MS., vol. xxvii., in the Bodleian Library.
R. The Rawlinson MS., vol. 450 B (olim 448), in the same Library.
S. Additional MS., 26, 729, in the British Museum.
1 Feoda quse tenentur de Rege in capite, A.
f Secundurn Inquisitionem eandem, viz., anno xxiiij [vicesimo quarto, R.]
KtiLfcBY*b INQUEST FOR YORKSHIRE.
rege in capite pro duobus feodis militum de honore de Skypton
in Craven ; qni quidem honor aliqnando fait comitis Albemarlise,,
et nnnc est in mami regis.
MALTEBY. Isabella et Idonea de Yeteri Ponte* tenent villam
de Malteby de rege in capite de honore de Tikehull pro uno
LAYTHON IN MORTHYNG. Haer* Galfridi de Lesiniaco/ ten
villam de Laython de rege in capite, in extentam xxxj^ librata-
rum terrse, de dono regis de antiquo dominico regis ; et nnllum
certnm servitium inde fac regi.
DENIGBY.^ Johannes de Vavasur tenet villam de Newhall et
sex bovatas terrse et dimidium* in Mekesbnrg de rege in capite
de honore de Tykehull pro j feodo.
ARENTHORPE. Abbas de Riipe tenet villam de Arenthorpe
pro feodo j militis de rege in capite_, in puram et perpetnam
elemosinam, de dono regis Ricardi.
WADDEWORTH. Thomas de Cheworth? [tenet]* in villa de
Waddeworth tertiam partem unius feodi de rege in capite de
honore de Tykehull.
HOTON ROBERT. Henricus de Tenneslowe^ tenet in villa de
Edwardi primi, A. Even if we possessed no other evidence, the fact that John
de Kirkby died on Palm Sunday, 18th Edward I. (Calendarium Genealogicum,
i., 416), would prove this date to be incorrect. The Coucher Book of Fountains
contains, however, several extracts from this Inquisition, which are thus headed :
" In Itinere Johannis Kyrkby, anno regni regis Edwardi primi xiij, habetur
sic." It appears, also, from the Rawlinson MS. (450 B, 84) that the Inquisition
for Langbargh wapentake was taken " apud Ormesby, coram domino Johanne
de Kirkeby, thesaurario domini regis, die Sabbati proximo ante Passionem Do
mini, anno regni regis Edwardi tertio decimo." The surveys for the wapen-
takes of Skyrack (. Ibid., 43) and Ouse and Derwent (Reg. apud Dunelm.) are also
stated to have been made in the same year. There was a separate Inquisition
for Richmondshire, which was not taken until the 15th Edward I. (Cott. MS.
Faust., B, viii., fo. 90).
d This wapentake, which also comprises a portion of the liberty of Tickhill,
has been collated with MSS. A. and C. This note belongs to the preceding page.
* Isabella and Idonea de Vipont, the daughters and co-heiresses of Robert de
Vipont, were the widows respectively of Roger de Clifford, junior, and Roger
de Leyburn. Idonea re-married John de Cromwell, and died s.p. about 1333.
In the Inq. p.m. of the above Roger de Clifford, taken in the llth Edward I.,
the jurors say that " ipse Rogerus de Clifford et dominus Rogerus de Leyburne
tenuerunt manerium de Maltheby ; et hoc ratione uxorum suarum quse erant
filise et hseredes domini Roberti de Veteri Ponte " (Cal. Gen., i., 331).
/ Sometime before the 42nd Henry III., prince Edward, to whom the honour
of Tickhill then belonged, gave Laughton to Geoffrey de Lusignan (S. YorJcs..
i., 284). * xxj libr., C. * Newhall, A. C. See p. 12.
Such words as dimidium, bovata, carucata, feodum, militis, niilitare, per
annum, reddit, respondet, wapentagium, etc., will henceforth be printed in an
J Thomas de Chaworth had a charter of free warren in Wadworth, 41st
Henry III. (Cal. Z.ot. Chart., 85). * tenet, A. C.
1 Sir Henry de Tiusley married Lucy, daughter of Sir Robert de Hooton
Roberts (S. Tories., i., 399).
WAPENTAKE OF STRAFFORTH, W.R. 6
Hoton di. feod. de rege in capite de eodem honore. Robertus
filius Willelmi de Hoton tenet in eadem villa de rege in capite
di. feod. de eodem honore.
MELTON LE HEYG. Willelmus de Cressi et Willelmus de