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15,700 in 1903-4, the chief item of expenditure being public works
(Rs. 5,400). No municipalities have been constituted.

The civil police force is in charge of a District Superintendent, and
is divided into three subdivisional charges corresponding with the
civil administrative subdivisions, Katha, Wuntho, and Banmauk. The
first is an Assistant District Superintendent's subdivision, the two latter
are inspectors' charges. An inspector is also attached to the force at
District head-quarters. There are 9 police stations and 9 outposts.
The sanctioned strength of the force, excluding the superior officers,
is 7 head constables, 23 sergeants, and 268 constables. This includes
2 Kachin police, who, while nominally attached to the police stations,
actually live in the hills.

The military police are a detachment of the Shwebo battalion, under
an assistant commandant, who has his head-quarters at Katha town.
The strength is 368 men, of whom 128 are stationed at Katha, the
remainder being distributed at the various township head-quarters.

The District jail at Katha has accommodation for 87 prisoners.
The principal industries carried on are grinding wheat for the military
police, and carpentry and cane-work to supply the needs of the various
Government offices. There is no public demand for jail-made*articles,
but the surplus produce of the jail garden is sold in the bazar.



KATHA TOJI'.Y [63

The standard of education is, all things considered, fairly high. In
1 90 1 about 40 per cent, of the males and 2 per cent, of the females
enumerated were able to read and write, the proportion for both sexes
being 21 per cent. Of the 309 schools in the District in 1904, 2 were
secondary, 53 primary, and 254 elementary (private); and the total
attendance was 4,142 pupils, of whom 224 were girls. All are purely
vernacular schools, and none is entirely supported by Government or
municipal funds. The expenditure on education in 1903-4 was
Rs. 2,400, derived entirely from Provincial funds.

There are 2 civil hospitals, with accommodation for 42 in-patients.
In 1903 the number of cases treated was 15,970, including 699 in-
patients, and 227 operations were performed. The income was made
up of Rs. 4,900 from Provincial funds and Rs. 850 from subscriptions.
Out-patients are treated in 3 military police hospitals, the total for 1903
being 2,341. There are also 2 railway dispensaries. Quinine in pice
packets is sold only by the post offices, sales through the agency of
village headmen having been a failure.

Vaccination is not compulsory in any part of the District, and makes
but little progress. In t 903-4 the number of persons vaccinated was
only 2,315, or 13 per 1,000 of the population.

Katha Subdivision. — Eastern subdivision of Katha District, Upper
Burma, containing the Katha, Tigyaing, Mawlu, and Indaw town-
ships.

Katha. Township. — North-eastern township of Katha District,
Upper Burma, lying on both sides of the Irrawaddy, between 23° 53'
and 24 56' N. and 96 10' and 96 42' E., with an area of 1,152
square miles. The population was 18,783 in 1891, and 20,062 in
1901, distributed in 178 villages and one town, Katha (population,
2,931), the head-quarters. The greater portion of the township is
covered with dense forests abounding in game. The inland villages
obtain water for their rice lands from the network of small creeks
covering the low-lying levels. The hilly parts to the north and
west are inhabited by Kachins, who practise taungya cultivation.
The cultivated area under supplementary survey in 1903-4 was ir
square miles, and the land revenue and thathameda amounted to Rs.
52,100.

Katha Town. — Head-quarters of the District of the same name in
Upper Burma, situated in 24 10' N. and 96 21 E., close to the edge
of the hills on the right bank of the Irrawaddy ; 70 miles below Bhamo,
and nearly 200 above Mandalay. Population (1901), 2,931. The town
is unimportant historically, and has only come into prominence since
the advent of the British. It contains a bazar and the usual public
buildings, and is laid out along five principal roads running north and
south parallel with the river, covering an area about half a mile long



1 64 KATHA TOJI'X

and a quarter broad. The houses in the native quarter are for the
most part unpretentious. A branch line, taking off from the Sagaing-
Myitkyina railway at Naba Junction (15 miles in length), terminates
on the river bank close to the courthouse, giving easy access to the
steam ferry to Bhamo and the boats of the Irrawaddy Flotilla Company
plying between that station and Mandalay. The town contains a civil
hospital with 23 beds, maintained by Provincial funds. Katha is
one of the District head-quarters in Burma which have not yet been
constituted municipalities.

Kathaun. — Thakurat in the Gwalior Residencv, Central India.

Kathgodam (' Timber depot '). — Village in the Bhabar tract of
Naini Tal District, United Provinces, situated in 29 16' N. and 79
33' E., at the terminus of the Rohilkhand and Kumaun Railway.
Population (1901), 375. The place has only become of importance
since the railway was extended from HaldwanT, the former terminus.
It is now the starting-point for the ascent to the hill stations of Naini
Tal, Ranikhet, and Almora. Kathgodam is administered together with
Ranlbagh, three miles away on the tonga road, under Act XX of 1856,
the income being about Rs. 800. Ranlbagh (population, 624) is
situated at the junction of the tonga road with bridle-paths to various
places in the hills. It is an important stage in the trade route to the
interior.

Kathi. — Estate in Khandesh District, Bombay. See Mehwas
Estates.

Kathiawar (or Surashtra). — The peninsula or western portion of
the province of Gujarat, Bombay, lying between 20 41' and 23
8' N. and 68° 56' and 72 20' E. The extreme length of the peninsula
is about 220 miles, its greatest breadth about 165 miles, its area about
23,445 square miles, and its population (1901) '2,645,805. Of these
totals, about 1,245 square miles, with 173,436 persons, belong to the
Gaikwar; about 1,298 square miles, with 128,559 persons, belong to
Ahmadabad District ; about 20 square miles, with 14,614 persons,
belong to the Portuguese possession of Diu ; while the remainder (area
20,882 square miles and population 2,329,196) is the territory form-
ing the Political Agency subordinate to the Government of Bombay,
established in 1822, having under its control 193 separate States,
great and small, whose chiefs divide among themselves the greater
portion of the peninsula of Kathiawar.

The Kathiawar Agency is divided for administrative purposes into
fourpra/its or divisions — Jhalawar, Halar, Sorath, and Gohelwar —
and the States have since 1863 been arranged in seven classes. The
first-class States number 8, second-class 6, third-class 8, fourth-class 9,
fifth-class 16, sixth-class 30, seventh-class 5, and the remaining in are
combined into thana circles.



K A Tin A WAR



,65



General Statistics for each State and Taluka in Kathiawak







_v


"o .


.2


Revenue


(r 903-4).


Tribute.




Caste, tribe,
or race of the




3 a


If

3 0,








State.










ruling cbief.


J? «


O. M


From
land.


Total.


Amount.


To whom
payable.


Gohelwar r>ant.








Rs.


Rs.


Rs.


*i Bhaunagar. .


Gohel Rawal
Rajput.


2,860


666


412,664


25,00,861


39,53,602


1,54,500 British, Gaik-
war, and Ju-
nagarh.


- Palitana . . .


Gohel Rajput


290


91


52.856


5,11,277


!>. )' '.HI 1


10,364 Gaikwar and
lunagarh.


1 Jasdan . . .


Kathi . . .


283


56


25,727


1,14.715


. 1


10.661 British and
Gaikwar.


3 Vala ....


Gohel Rawal

Rajput.


IOQ


40


13,285


2,10,000




9,202 ( iaikwar and
Junagarh.


4 Lathi ....




42


9


8,831


i,2t,9S7


'•37-5"


>,857 ' •'.


6 Bhadli . . .


Kathi". . .




16


2,988


12,000


16,000


1,357 British and

Junagai h.


6 Itaria ....







2


506


2,800


3,000


355


6 Kotra Pitha







'3


6,772


44,500


70,000


5.578





6 Vankia . . .


,.




3


947


4,745


5,051


524





7 Kariana . . .







9


2,265


1 6,000


20,000


I.I57





Akadia . . .


Chavada Raj-
put.






102


1,025


1.025


IS4


"


Al.-impur . . .


Gohel Rajput






497


4,000


4.500


!,397


Gaikwar and
Junagarh.


Rubra ....


Kathi . . .






7,417


48,921


69,683








Bhandaria . .


Kamalia Ahlr






449


3,75o


4,000


322


Gaikwar and
Junagarh.


Bhoiavadar . .


Gohel Rajput






764


5,000


5,3oo


550





Bildi ....


Sindi . . .






388


351


749








Boda-no-nes


Kamalia AhTr






136


1,000


1,200


1 12


Gaikwar and
Junagarh.


Chamardi . .


Gohel Rajput


• •




2,168


9,000


10,000


858





Chiroda . . .


Sarvaiya Raj-
put.






247


2,250


2,500


135


»


Chitravav . .


Gohel Rajput






246


2,000


2,200


529




Chok ....


Sarvaiya Raj-






',213


6,500


6,800


4'7







put.














Datha . . .





69


24


9,452


25,339


3i,339


5,398 1


Dedarda . . .


» „






783


4,200


4,5oo


103 Gaikwar.


Derdi-Janbai .


Charan . .






492


4,338


4,870


— —


Dhola. . . .


Gohel Rajput






261


1,800


1,800


384 Gaikwar and
Junagarh.


Gadhali . . .









'1537


9,000


10,000


2,000




Gadhoola . .









366


2,800


3,000


196




Gandhol . . .









'37


1,800


2,000


1 11




Iavej ....


Sarvaiya Raj-
put.






979


5,000


5,200


290


»


Talia Amarnji .









444


2,300


2,500


136





Jalia Manaji .









236


2,000


2,200


31


Gaikwar.


J una Radar . .


Khasia Koll .






143


850


900


50


Gaikwar and
Junagarh.


Kamadhia . .


Mir Muham-
madan.






496


4P79


5,6n


377


British.


Kanjarda . .


Sarvaiya Raj-
put.
Gohel Rajput






313


1,500


1,600


128


Gaikwar.


Katodia . . .






347


2,^00


3,000


221


Gaikwar and


















Junagarh.


Khijadia . . .


Saiyid Mu-
hammadan.






391


3,000


3,100








KhijadiaDosaji


Gohel Rajput






361


2,500


2,600


427


Gaikwar and
Junagarh.


Limbda . . .









2,194


26,000


28,000


1 . _• 1 ..




Morchopna . .


Kamalia Ahlr






375


1,500


i,75o


163




Nilvala . . .


Kathi . . .






457


3,083


3-735


£65


British and

Junagarh.


Pachhegam


Gohel Rajput






3,655


23,800


25,000


2,8o2


Gaikwar and 1
Junagarh.




* This and othe


r numbe


s in th


e first cohu


nn denote th


e class of th<


: chiefs.





i66



KATHIAWAR







1>


.


.


Revenue


(1903-4).


Tribute.


State.


Caste, tribe,
or race of the
ruling chief.


"3' a

< s !




•3?
3 o>

a "









From

laud.


Total, j


Amount.


To whom
payable.


Goheluar Pi ant


















— contd.










Rs.


Rs.


Rs.




Pah ... .


Sarvaiya Raj-
put.




I


273


2,500


2,600


319


Gaikwar and
Junagarh.


Panchavada


ii




I


287


1,500


1,700


241


,


Raj para . . .


,,




I


55 2


2.COO


2,150


274




Ramanka . .


Gohel Rajput




I


470


3,000


3,200


672




Randhia . . .


Saiyid Mu-
hammadan.




I


693


6.779


0,779








RanTgam . .


Sarvaiya Raj-
put and K.5-
thi.




I


798


9,coo


9,400


714


Gaikwar.


Ratanpur Pha-


Gohel Rawal




2


631


4,200


4.200


903


Gaikwar and


manka.


Rajput.














Junagarh.


Rohisala . .


Sarvaiya Raj-
put.




I


411


2,500


2,650


in





Samadhiala




I


617


5,000


5,200


518




Samadhiala


,,






1.273


6,500


7,000


2,280




(Chabharia).


















Samadhiala


Gohel Rajput




I


x 95


2,500


2,700





_


(Charan).


















Sanala . . .


Sarvaiya Raj-
put.




I


416


3,000


3,200


322


Gaikwar and

Junagarh.


Sata-no-nes . .


Kamalia Ahlr




I


240


1,000


1,200


109




Shevdivadar .


Khasia Koll




I


177
2,031


1,000


1,100


60




Songadh . .


Gohel Rajput




I


2,000


2,600


572




Toda Todi . .







2


380


3,50o


3,8oo


175




Vadal ....


Kamalia AhTr




I


320


2,750


3,000


154


Gaikwar.


Vadod . . .


Gohel Rajput




I


814


3,000


3,200


1,102


Gaikwar and
Junagarh.


Vangadhra . .


!>




I


582


2, 200


2,400


104




Vavdi Dharvala







4


2,007


10,500


11,000


1-530




VavdiVachhani


,,






490


3,000


3,3°°


334




Vija-no-nes. .


Khasia KolT .
Total




1


193


700


75o


3 1


Gaikwar.


*4,2IO


1,003


577757


38,27,670


55,27,787


2,25,248


Halar Prant.


















i Gondal . . .


Jadeja Rajput


1,024


174


162,859


12,15,842


15,00,000


1,10.721


British and
Junagarh.


i Morvi ....


"


822


141


87,496


4,43,25°


7,10,044


61,559


British and
Gaikwar.


i Navanagar . .


"


3.791


669


336.779


19,00,719


24,84.210


1,20.093


British, Gaik-
war, and
Junagarh.


' 2 Dhrol ....


»


283


68


21,906


62,622


1,07,175


10,231


Gaikwar and
Junagarh.


2 Rajkot . . .


»


282


61


49,795


2.9 J ,343


3,60,150


21,321


British and
Junagarh.


2 Wankaner . .


Jhala Rajput


415


102


27.383


1,80,0^4


2,18,925


18,879





4 Kotda Sangani


Jadeja Rajput


74


:>o


8,835


74.568


91,586


11,616


"


4 Malia ....


"


103


17


9,°75


69,874


1,55,994


1,367


Gaikwar and
Junagarh.


4 Vlrpur . . .


"


67


13


6,152


52,279


65,363


4,"4


British and
Junagarh.


5 Gadhka . . .





2 3


5


1,636


8,720


12,633


845


,,


5 Gavridad . .





2 7


6


1,916


18,500


24,126


1,621


,,


5 Jalia Devani .




36


10


2,444


14,966


16,230


i,552


Gaikwar.


5 Kotharia


-




6


2, I 56


22,712


25,93o


1,246


British and
Junagarh.


5 Mengni . . .




35


8


3.354


25.465


29,847


3-4'2


British.


5 Pal


»


22


5


1,359


9.983


17,836


1,647


British and
Junagarh.


6 Bhadva . . .


.,




4


1,051


13,375


15,532


1,632





6 Raj para . . .


.,




9


1,862


10,732


13,654


3.^3





6 Shahpur . . .






4


1,156


6,948


15.233


610


"



* This is the actual area of the pi ant. No details are available for small States.



GENERAL STATISTICS



167







c.~


.


c
.2


Revenue


(1903-4).


Tribute.


State.


Caste, tribe,
or race of the


4>



Online LibraryGreat Britain. India OfficeImperial gazetteer of India .. (Volume 15) → online text (page 20 of 50)