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Imperial gazetteer of India .. (Volume 17) online

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3-7 per cent, of the male population being able to read and write in
1901, while only 203 female.-, were returned as literate. I'he percentage
of children under instruction to those of school-going age is 8. Statis-
tics of the number of pupils are as follows: (1880-1) 949; (1890-1)
1,767; (1900-1) 2,586: (1903-4) 3,873, including 283 girls. The
educational institutions comprise an English middle school, 3 ver-
nacular middle schools, and 56 primary schools. Mission schools
for male and female orphans are maintained at Patpara. The expen-
diture on education in 1903-4 was Rs. 18,000, of which Rs. 13,500
was provided from Provincial and Local funds, and Rs. 1,400 b)
fees.

The District has 6 dispensaries, with accommodation for 52 in-
patients. In 1904 the number of cases treated was 25,108, of whom
428 were in-patients, and 2^^2 operations were performed. The expen-
diture was Rs. 4,000, mainly derived from Provincial and Local funds.

Vaccination is compulsory only in the municipality of Mandia. The
number of persons successfully vaccinated in 1903-4 was 64 [)er 1,000
of the L)istrict population, this result being very favourable.

[J. B. Fuller, Report on the Suinmary Settlement^ 1894. A District
Gazetteer is being comi)iled.]

Mandia TahsiL — Southern tahsil of Mandia District, Central Pro-
vinces, lying between 22*^ 12' and 23"^ 9' N. and 79"" 58' and 81° 12' E.,
with an area of 2,537 square miles. Population decreased from 193,928
in 1891 to 177,621 in 1901. The area and population ha\e been
slightly altered since the Census of 1901 by the transfer of territory
to and from Balaghat District, and the adjusted figures are 2,530 square
miles and 178,771 persons. The density is 70 persons per square
mile, 'i'he /aZ/.w/ contains one town, ^L\^•lll,.•\ (population, 5,428), the



170 MANDLA TAHSIL

tahsil and District head-quarters ; and 980 inhabited villages. Excluding
906 square miles of Government forest, 44 per cent, of the available
area is occupied for cultivation. The cultivated area in 1903-4 was
608 square miles. The demand for land revenue in the same year
was Rs. 90,000, and for cesses Rs. 14,000. The tahsil contains some
open tracts of good land on the south-west, while the rest consists
of a number of small and fertile valleys separated by hill ranges and
forests. The eastern plateaux are covered with nutritious grass, and
form a well-known grazing area for cattle in the summer months.

Mandla Town.— Head-quarters of the District and tahsil of the
same name. Central Provinces, situated in 22° 36' N. and 80° 23' E.,
60 miles south-east of Jubbulpore by road, and 22 miles from Nainpur
junction on the narrow-gauge Jubbulpore-Gondia line. The town is
picturesquely situated in a loop of the river Narbada, which surrounds
it on three sides, and for 15 miles between Mandla and Ramnagar
flows in a deep bed unbroken by rocks. Population (1901), 5,428.
Mandla was made the capital of the Gond Garha-Mandla dynasty
about 1670. The Gonds erected a fort and built a palace. Their
successors, the Marathas, built a wall on the side of the town not pro-
tected by the river, which has lately been demolished. Mandla was
held by a Maratha garrison in 1818, and was taken by assault by the
I5ritish. It contains numerous ^