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filial duty. He did not, however, lack strength of
purpose for claiming the imperial power. 4 For he
fought many battles against Diocletian, but finally,
being defeated in a fight near Margus, 5 he perished.

We have now come to the end of the three em-
perors, Carus, Numerian and Carinus, after whom the
gods gave us Diocletian and Maximian to be our
princes, joining to these great men Galerius and Con-
stantius, the one of whom was born to wipe out the



6 At the mouth of the river of the same name (mod. Morava),
a tributary of the Danube below Belgrade. The scene of the
battle is described in Eutropius, ix. 20 as between Viminacium
(Kostolacz, near the mouth of the Morava) and Aureus Mons
(Oresac) about 25 m. further west. According to the Epitome
and Zosimus, Carinus was killed by a tribune whose wife he had
seduced, according to Eutropius, he was betrayed by his army.
As he assumed the consulship (for the third time) on 1 Jan.,
285, the battle was after that date.

445



CARUS, CARINUS AND NUMERIAN

acceptarn ignominiam Valeriaiii captivitate deleret,
4alter, qui Gallias Romanis legibus redderet. quattuor
sane principes mundi fortes, sapientes, benigni et
admodum liberales, unum in rem publicam sentientes,
perreverentes l Roman! senatus, moderati, populi
amici, persancti, 2 graves, religiosi et quales principes
6 semper oravimus. quorum vitam singulis libris
Claudius Eusthenius, qui Diocletiano ab epistulis
fuit, scripsit, quod idcirco dixi ne quis a me rem
tantam requireret, maxime cum vel vivorum principum
vita non sine reprehensione dicatur.

XIX. Memorabile maxime Cari et Carini et Numer-
iani hoc habuit imperium, quod ludos populo Romano
novis ornatos spectaculis dederunt, quos in Palatio
2 circa porticum stabuli pictos vidimus, nam et neuro-
baten, qui velut in ventis cothurnatus ferretur, ex-
hibuit, et toichobaten, qui per parietem urso eluso
cucurrit, et ursos mimum agentes et item centum
salpistas unocrepitu concinentes et centum cerataulas, 3
choraulas centum, etiam pythaulas centum, panto-
mimos et gymnicos mille, pegma praeterea, cuius
flammis scaena conflagravit, quam Diocletianus postea

1 perreiierentes Petscheuig, Hohl ; spe reuerent P; semper
reuerentes Gruter, Peter. 2 persancti Gruter ; pescate P.

*ceratau.as Salm. ; capitaulas P.



1 By his victories over the Persians ; see note to c. ix. 3.

2 By his victories over the Franks and the Alamani and other
Germans and his suppression of the revolts of the British pre-
tenders Carausius and Allectus.

3 Unknown.

4 Otherwise unknown, unless it be the place that is mentioned
in the title Comes domesticorum et stabuli sacri in an inscription
of Stilicho from Borne ; see C.I.L., vi. 1731 = Dessau, Ins. Sel.,
1278.

446



CARUS, CARINUS, NUMERIAN XVIII. 4 -XIX. 2

disgrace incurred by Valerian's capture, 1 the other,
to bring again the province of Gaul under the laws
of Rome.'" 3 Four rulers, indeed, of the world were
they, brave, wise, kindly, and wholly generous, all of
one mind toward the commonwealth, very respectful
to the Roman senate, moderate, friends of the people,
revered, earnest, and pious, and, in fact, such em-
perors as we have always desired. Their lives have
been related, each in a separate book, by Claudius
Eusthenius, 3 imperial secretary to Diocletian a fact
which I mention in order that none may demand so
great a work from me, especially since the biographies
even of living emperors cannot be written without
incurring blame.

XIX. The most noteworthy event of the rule of
Carus, Carinus and Numerian was the series of games
that they gave the Roman people, distinguished by
some novel spectacles, a painting of which we have
seen in the Palace near the portico of the stables. 4
For there was exhibited a rope-walker, who in his
buskins seemed to be walking on the winds, also a
wall-climber, who, eluding a bear, ran up a wall, also
some bears which acted a farce, and, besides, one
hundred trumpeters who blew one single blast to-
gether, one hundred horn-blowers, one hundred
flute-players, also one hundred flute-players who
accompanied songs, one thousand pantomimists and
gymnasts, moreover, a mechanical scaffold, 5 which,
however, burst into flames and burned up the
stage though this Diocletian later restored on a



5 A scaffold suddenly raised aloft and opened to exhibit per-
formers; they are described in Seneca, Epist., 88, 22 and
Juvenal, iv. 122.

44?



CARUS, CARINUS AND NUMERIAN

magnificentiorem reddidit. mimos praeterea undique

Sadvocavit. exhibuit et ludum Sarmaticum, quo dul-
cius nihil est. exhibuit Cyclopea. donatum 1 est
Graecis artificibus et gymnicis et histrionibus et
musicis aurum et argentum, donata et vestis serica.

XX. Sed haec omnia nescio quantum apud populum
gratiae habeant, nullius sunt momeiiti apud principes

2bonos. Diocletiani denique dictum fertur, cum ei
quidam largitionalis suus editionem Cari laudaret,
dicens multum placuisse principes illos causa ludorum
theatralium ludorumque circensium ; "Ergo," inquit,

3"bene risus est in imperio suo Carus.'' denique cum
omnibus gentibus advocatis Diocletianus daret ludos,
parcissime usus est liberalitate, 2 dicens castiores esse
oportere ludos spectante censore.

4 Legat hunc locum lunius Messalla, quern ego
libere culpare audeo. ille enim patrimonium suum
scaenicis dedit, heredibus abnegavit, matris tunicam
dedit mimae, lacernam patris mimo, et recte, si aviae
pallio aurato atque purpureo pro syrmate tragoedus

Suteretur. inscriptum est adhuc in choraulae pallio
tyrianthino, quo ille velut spolio nobilitatis exsultat,



1 adornatum P. 2 usus est liber alit ate 27; ausus libeitate
P ; est usus liberalitate Peter.



1 Probably in celebration of Cams' victory over the Sarma-
tians (see c. viii. 1 ; ix. 4), but the writer seems to be thinking
of the Ludi Sarmatici which, according to the Calendar of
Philocalus of A.D. 354 (see C.I.L., i 2 . p. 276 f.), were held regu-
larly on 25 Nov.-l Dec., in honour, apparently, of the victories
of Constantine I. or Constantius II.

2 See note to Gall., viii. 3.

44-8



CARUS, CARTNUS, NUMERTAN XIX. 3 XX. 5

more magnificent scale. Furthermore, actors were
gathered together from every side. They were given
also Sarmatian games, 1 than which nothing affords
greater pleasure, and, besides, a Cyclops-performance. 2
And they bestowed on the Greek artists and gym-
nasts and actors and musicians both gold and silver
and they bestowed on them also garments of silk.

XX. But although all these things have a certain
charm for the populace, they are of no importance in
a good emperor. In fact, a saying of Diocletian's is
current, uttered when one of his treasury-officials 3
was speaking to him with praise of Cams' exhibition,
saying that he and his sons, while emperors, had
gained great favour by means of theatrical spectacles
and spectacles in the circus. " And so," he remarked,
"Carus caused great laughter during his rule." In
fact, when Diocletian himself presented spectacles,
after inviting all nations thereto, he was most sparing
in his liberality, declaring that there should be more
continence in games when a censor was looking on.

I should like this passage to be read by Junius
Messalla, 4 with whom I will dare to find fault frankly.
For he has cut off his natural heirs and bestowed his
ancestral fortune on players, giving a tunic of his
mother's to an actress and a cloak of his father's
to an actor and rightly so, I suppose, if a gold and
purple mantle of his grandmother's could be used as
a costume by a tragic actor ! Indeed, the name of
Messalla's wife is still embroidered on the violet
mantle of a flute-player, who exults in it as the spoils

3 The term largitiones came to mean, in the later empire,
the public treasury, since largesses from public funds depended
entirely on the emperor's generosity.

4 Unknown.

449



CARUS, CARINUS AND NUMRRIAN

Messallae nomen uxoris. iam quid lineas petitas
Aegypto loquar? quid Tyro et Sidone tenuitate per-
lucidas, micantes purpura, plumandi difficultate per-

6nobiles ? donati sunt ab Atrebatis birri petiti, donati
birri Canusini, Africani, opes in scaena non prius
XXI. visae. et haec quidem idcirco ego in litteras rettuli,
quod futures editores pudore tangeret, ne patrimoiiia
sua proscriptis legitimis heredibus mimis et balatroni-
bus deputarent.

2 Habe, mi amice, meum munus, quod ego, ut saepe
dixi, non eloquentiae causa sed curiositatis in lumen
edidi, id praecipue agens ut, si quis eloquens vellet
facta principum reserare, materiam non requireret,

Shabiturus meos libellos ministros eloquii. te quaeso,
sis contentus nosque sic voluisse scribere melius quam
potuisse contendas.



*See Gall., vi. 6.

2 Mod. Canosa in Apulia. The wool of this region was
famous, and a pippos Kai/vo-eTi/os is valued in the Edict of Dio-
cletian at 4000 denarii (about $25).



CARUS, CARINUS, NUMERIAN XX. 6 XXI. 3

of a noble house. Why, now, should I speak of those
linen garments imported from Egypt ? Why of those
garments from Tyre and Sidon, so fine and trans-
parent, of gleaming purple and famed for their
embroidery-work? He has presented, besides, capes
brought from the Atrabati l and capes from Canusium 2
and Africa, such splendour as never before was seen
on the stage. XXI. All of this I have put into
writing in order that future givers of spectacles may
be touched by a sense of shame and so be deterred
from cutting off' their lawful heirs and squandering
their inheritances on actors and mountebanks.

And now, my friend, accept this gift of mine,
which, as I have often said, I have brought out to the
light of day, not because of its elegance of style but
because of its learned research, chiefly with this pur-
pose in view, that if any gifted stylist should wish to
reveal the deeds of the emperors, he might not lack
the material, having, as he will, my little books as
ministers to his eloquence. I pray you, then, to be
content and to contend that in this work I had the
wish to write better than I had the power.



INDEX OF NAMES



ABBREVIATIONS



A ... Aurelian. Go

AC . . Avidius Cassius. H

Ae . . . Aelius. HP

AP . . . Antoninus Pius. M

C . . . Commodus. MA

CA . . . Clodius Albinus. M-B

Ca . . . Carus. OM

Cc . . . Caracalla. P

Cl . . . Claudius. PN

D . . . Diadumenianus. S

DJ . . . Didius Julianus. SA

E . . . Elagabalus. T .

F . . . Firmus, Saturninus, Pro- TT .

culus, Bonosus. V .

Ga . . . Gallienus. Va .
Ge . . . Geta.



Gordian.

Hadrian.

Pertinax.

Maximmus.

. M. Aurelius Antoninus.
. Maximus and Balbinus.
, Opellius MacrinuSi

Pro bus.

Pescennius Niger.

Septimius Severus.

Severus Alexander-
Tacitus.

Tyranni Triginta,

Lucius Verus.

Valerian.



Names of Roman emperors and pretenders are in capital letters,
words Roma, Romanus, Graecus and Graecanicus have been omitted.



The



Ababa : mother of Maximinus M i, 6.

Abgarus, King (pretender) of Osrho-
ene: relations of Antoninus Pius
with AP 9, 6.

Abgarus IX, King of Osrhoene: con-
quered by Severus S 18, i.

Ablavius Murena, prefect of guard :
letter of Valerian to Cl 15.

Abraham : statue of in chapel ot
Severus Alexander SA 29, 2.

Academia: place in Hadrian's villa
near Tibur H 26, 5.

Achaia : Hadrian in H 13, 1-2 : revolt
of quelled AP 5, 5 : Annia Faustina
killed in C 7, 7 : Valens proconsul
of Ga 2, 2 ; TT 19, i : Piso in Ga
2, 2 : pestilence in cities of Ga 5,
5 : Goths defeated in Ga 6, I : in-
vaded by Goths Ga 13, 8 : Messalla
governor of Cl 16, I.



Achilleis: poem of Statius, imitated
by Gordian I. Go 3, 3.

Achilles : statue of in chapel of Sev-
erus Alexander SA 31, 4 : Maxi-
minus likened to M 4, 9 ; Alexander
at tomb of P i, 2.

Achilleus : relative of Zenobia, made
ruler ot Palmyra A 31, 2.

Acholius : master of ceremonies under
Valerian A 12, 4 : work on Severus
Alexander cited SA 14, 6; 4&, 7;
64,5.

Adiabeni : conquered by Severus S
9, 9 : made tributary S 18, i.

Adiabenicus : cognomen borne by
Severus 89, 10: by Aurelian A

3.5-

Aebutianus: prefect of the guard,
lulled by Commodus C 6, 12.

453



INDEX OF NAMES



Alia, Pons, at Rome: built by
Hadrian H 19, n.

Aelianus : see Celsus.

Aelius : name given to month C 12, 2.

Aelius Aurelius Applaustus Mem-
phius, L. (Agrippus), actor :
brought by L. Verus from Syria V
8, 10 ; killed by Commodus C 7, 2.

Aelius Bassianus : proconsul of Africa,
letter to CA 4, 5-7.

Aelius Celsus : killed by Severus S
13,2.

Aelius Cesettianus, city-prefect :
speech of T 7, 2-3.

Aelius Corduenus: succeeded in
command by Niger PN 4, 4.

Aelius Decius Triccianus : accom-
plice in murder of Caracalla Cc
6,7.

Aelius Gordianus: counsellor of
Severus Alexander SA 68, i.

Aelius Hadrianus : great-uncle of
Hadrian, prophesied his rule H 2, 4.

Aelius Hadrianus Afer, P. : father of
Hadrian H i, 2.

Aelius lunius Cordus : cited CA 5,
10; 7, 2: 11,2; M 4, i; 6, 8; 12,
7; 27,7; 28, 10; 29, 10; 31,4; Go
4,6; 5,6; 12, i; 14, 7; i?, 3! 19.
8; 21, 3-4; 22,2; 26, 2; 31,6; 33,
4; M-B 4, 2; 12,4: criticized OM
1,3-5; M-B 4 , 5.

Aelius Lampridius : Vopiscus will
imitate P 2, 7.

Aelius Maurus : cited S 20, i.

Aelius Sabinus : cited M 32, i.

Aelius Scorpianus, consul : speech of

P. ir, 5-

Aelius Serenianus : counsellor of

Severus Alexander SA 68, i.
Aelius Stilo : killed by Severus S

13, 5-

AELIUS VERUS: original names
H 23, JO-ii ; Ae 2, i. 6; 6, 6 : an-
cestry Ae 2, 7-8 ; V i, 7. 9 : adopted
by Hadrian H 23, 10-11 ; Ae i, 2;
2,1.6; 3, L 8; AP 4, i; V i, 6;
CA 2, 5 : honours and offices, H
23, 12-13; Ae3, 2-3; 6, i; V i, 8:
first to receive title of Caesar Ae
i, 2; 2, i; V i, 6: Hadrian's
affection for Ae 3, 4: prowess in
province Ae 3, 5-6: Hadrian's
regret for adoption H 23, 14; Ae
1, 7; 4i 1-6; 6, 2-3 : ill-health and

434



Aelius Verus cont inued.
death H 23, 15-16; Ae 4, 7-8; 6,
5-6 : appearance and accomplish-
ments Ae 5, 1-2 : pleasures Ae 5,
3-n : father of L. Verus Ae 2, 9;
5, 12; 6, 9; 7,2; AP 4,5; V i, 6:
statues and temples for Ae 7, i :
daughter betrothed to M. Aurelius
MA 4, 5 ; 6, 2: burial V u, i:
received purple robe from Hadrian
CA 2, 5 : reviled by Egyptians F
8,8.

Aelius Xiphidius, prefect of treasury:
letter of Valerian to A 12.

Aemilia, Via : supplies of in charge of
Pertinax HP 2, 2.

Aemilia Clara : mother of Didius
Julianus DJ i, 2.

AEMILIANUS: seized rulein Egypt
Ga 4, i; 5, 6; 6, 4: TT 22, 3-7:
defeated and killed Ga 4, a; TT
22, 8; 26, 4 : supported at Rome
Ga 9, i : planned expedition
against Indi TT 22, 8 : called Alex-
ander or Alexandrinus TT 22, 7.

Aemilianus we Asellius : Casperius :
Cornelius Scipio.

Aemilius, Pons, at Rome : Hlaga-
balus' body thrown from E 17, 2.

Aemilius luncus : consul, exiled by
Commodus C 4, n.

Aemilius Laetus, Q. : prefect of the
guard, dissuaded Commodus from
burning Rome C 15, 7 : accomplice
in murder of Commodus C 17, 1-2;
HP 5, i : made Pertinax emperor
HP 4, 5-6: 5, 1-2: conspired with
soldiers to kill Pertinax HP 10, 8
ii, 13 : saved Didius Julianus from
Commodus DJ 6, 2 : death DJ 6,
2 : had Severus appointed to com-
mand of army in Germany S 4, 4.

Aemilius Papinianus : friend or rela-
lative of Severus Cc 8, 2-3 : con-
silium included Ulpian and Paulus
PN 7, 4; SA 26, 6: Caracalla
entered Palace leaning on arm of
Cc 3, 2 ; advised harmony between
Caracalla and Geta Cc 8, 3 : advised
against murder of Geta Cc 8, 4 :
refused to write speech for Caracalla
excusing murder of Geta Cc 8, 5-6:
murder of S 21, 8; Cc 4, i ; 8, 1-8;
Ge 6, 3 : murder of son of Cc 4, 2.



INDEX OF NAMES



Aemilius Parthenianus, historian :

cited AC 5, i.
Aeneas: Diocletian likened himself

to Ca 13, 3.
Aetieid: quoted H 2, 8; Ae 4, 1-3 ;

CA 5, 2. 4; OM 12,9; D8,7; SA

4, 6 ; M 27, 4 ; Go 20, 5 ; TT 24,
3; Cl 10, 4-6; T 5, i; Ca 13, 3:
imitated by Gordian I. Go 3, 3.

Aethiopia : omen given by soldier
from S 22, 4-5; women from E

32,5-

Aetius: son-in-law of Severus, en-
riched and made consul S 8, 1-2.

Aetna : ascent of by Hadrian H 13, 3.

Afer : used by oracle to designate
Severus PN 8, 1-2.

Afer : see Aelius Hadrianus : Septi-
mius : Terentius.

Afranius Hannibalianus : trained by
Probus P 22, 3.

Africa : Hadrian in and generosity to
H 13, 4; 22,14: pretended journey
of Commodus to C 9, i : Pertinax
proconsul of HP 4, i; DJ 2, 3;
Didius Julianus proconsul of DJ
2, 3: Severus a native of S i, i ;
CA 5, 5: Severus in S 2, 2-9:
legions sent to by Severus in fear
that Niger would seize S 8, 7 ; PN

5. 4-5 ; people of honoured Severus
as god S 13, 8 : Severus had accent
of S 19, 9 : Septizonium visible to
people coming from S 24, 3 : Al-
binus a native of CA i, 3; 10, 6;
12, 8 : spent boyhood in CA 5, I :
Aelius Bassianus proconsul of CA
4, 5 : originally conquered by the
senate CA 13, 6: Macrinus in OM
4, 3-5 : Caelianus a native of D 8,
9 : revolt and defeat of Gordians in
M 13, 6; 14, 2-4; 19, 2-3; Go 7,
2 9, 8; 10, i ; n, 4; 15 16; 17,1;
20, 4; 34, i; M-B 9, 5: anger of
Maximinus at people of M 17, 7;
18, i. 3; Go 13, 3-4; 14, 1-3- 7:
Gordian I. proconsul of M 13, 6;
14, 2 ; 16, I ; Go 2, 4 ; 5 ; 7, 2 ; 17,
I : Balbinus proconsul of M-B 7,
2: revolt against Gordian III. sup-
pressed Go 23, 4-5 : people of
subject to Romans Va 1,4: desired
rescue of Valerian Va 3, 2 : Mac-
rianus' valour in TT 12, 17 : Vibius
Passienus proconsul of, made Celsus



Africa continued.
emperor in TT 29, 1-2 : clothing
supplied to proconsul of allotted
to Claudius Cl 15,4: carpets from
A 12, i : linen tunics from A 48, 5 :
danger of revolt in after Aurelian's
death T 3, 6 : Roman emperor
destined to drive barbarians from
T 15, 2: Probus' victories in P 9,
1-2 ; 12, 3 : Firmus in command of.
frontier of F 3, i : recovered by
Saturninus F 9, 5 : Saturninus
studied in F 10, 4 : under rule of
Carinus Ca 16, 2: capes from Ca
20, 6.

Africana, Classis : organized by Com-
modus C 17, 7 : names given to C
17, 8.

Africanus : Hadrian's caution for F
8, 10.

Africanus : bestowed as cognomen on
Gordian I. Go 9, 3-4 ; 17, 2.

Africanus : see Cornelius Scipio.

Agaclytus : influencial freedman of
M. Aurelius and L. Verus MA 15,
2 ; V 9, 3 : married to widow of
Libo V 9, 4 : alleged conspiracy of
L. Verus against M. Aurelius re-
vealed by V 10, 5.

Agricola : see Calpurnius.

Agrippa : see Marcius.

Agrippae, Lavacrum, at Rome: re-
stored by Hadrian H 19, 10.

Agrippae, Templum, at Rome : re-
paired by Antoninus Pius AP 8, 2.

Agrippianae, Saepta, at Rome:
restored by Hadrian H 19, 10:
Basilica Alexandrina near SA 26, 7.

Agrippina (Cologne) : Victorinus and
son killed at TT 6, 3 : their tombs
at TT 7, 2 : Proculus and Bonosus
seized power at P 18, 5.

Agrippinus : see Casperius.

Agrippus: see Aelius Aurelius
Apolaustus Memphius, L.

Ajax : Maximinus likened to M 4, 9.

Alamanni : conquered by Caracalla
Cc 10, 6 : Roman emperor destined
to rule T 15, 2: driven back by
12, 3 : by Proculus F



Probus P

13, 3-
Alamannia :

TT 8, ii.
Alamannicus : cognomen assumed by

Caracalla Cc 10, 6.



made to fear Romans



455



INDEX OF NAMES



Alani : defeated under Antoninus Pius
AP 5, 5 : warred against Rome MA
22, i: Maximinus' mother one of
M i, 5 : friendly relations with
Maximinus M 4, 5 : defeated
Gordian III. Go 34,4: led as cap
tives in Aurelian's triumph A 33,
4 : booty taken from by Probus P
8,3-

Alba, town in Italy : villa of M.

Aurelius at AC 9, 8. n : soldiers at

angered by murder of Geta Cc 2,

7-8 ; Ge 6, 1-2.

Alba, district of Germany : Germans

driven beyond by Probus P 13, 7.
Albani, people of Transcaucasia:
Hadrian's friendly relations with
H 20, 13 : offered aid for rescue of
Valerian Va4, i : revered Aurelian
A 41, 10.

Albanus, Mons, in Italy: soldiers
from killed Maximinus and son
M 23, 6.

Albingauni, town in N.W., Italy :
Proculus born in F 12 i : his
descendants lived in F 13, 5.
Albini, family of: Clodius Albinus
descended from CA 4, i. 7 : prowess
of during the Republic CA 13, 5.
Albinus : see Ceionius : Clodius :

Nummius : Pescennius.
Albis, river of Germany : Chauci

lived on DJ i, 7.

Albus : used by oracle to designate
Clodius Albinus PN 8, 1-3; CA
i, 4.
Alcyonat: poem of Cicero, imitated

by Gordian I. Go 3, 2.
Alexander : name given to Aemi-

lianus TT 22. 7.
Alexander of Cotiaeum, grammarian :

teacher of M. Aurelius MA 2, 3.
Alexander the Great : died without
naming successor H 4, 9; opinion
of Philip concerning MA 27, n :
admired by Caracalla Cc 2, 1-2 :
Severus Alexander born in temple
of and on date of death of SA 5,
1-2; 13,1: called Magnus after
many achievements SA u, 4 :
parents of SA 13, 3-4 : Severus
Alexander in costume of SA 25, 9 :
life of studied and imitated by
Severus Alexander SA 30, 3 : statue
of in private chapel oi Severus

456



Alexander the Great continued.
Alexander SA 31, 5 : praises of en-
joyed by Severus Alexander SA
35, i : contest in honour of SA 35,
4 : drinking in honour of SA 39, i :
Severus Alexander's desire to outdo
SA 50, 4 : died violent death SA
62, 3 : Severus Alexander criticized
for desire to imitate SA 64, 3 : por-
trait of worn by descendants of
Macrianus TT 14, 3-5 : efficacy of
portrait of TT 14, 6 : at tomb of
Achilles P i, 2.

Alexander: see lulius.

Alexandria : daughter of Avidius
Cassius, allowed to go free by M.
Aurelius MA 26, 12 ; AC 9, 3.

Alexandria : riots at H 12, i :
Museum at H 20, 2: Maecianus
slain at MA 25, 4; AC 7, 4:
leniency of M. Aurelius to MA 26,
1.3: crystal cups from used by
L. Verus V 5, 3 : actors and musi-
cians from V 8, n : grain from C
17, 7 : Severus at and granted
rights to S 16, 9; 17, 2-3: Cara-
calla's cruelty at Cc 6, 2-3 : people
of ridiculed Severus Alexander SA
28, 7 ; riot at caused Aemilianus to
declare himself emperor TT 22, 3 :
fasces not allowed to be brought
into TT 22, 10-11 : Zenobia versed
in history of TT 30, 22 : letter of
senate to council of T 18, 6 : seized
by Firmus F 3, i : Hadrian's
opinion of F 8, 5-8 : Saturninus
acclaimed emperor in F 9, 1-2.

Alexandria : name given to Carthage
by Commodus C 17, 8.

Alexandriana, Aqua : brought into
Rome by Severus Alexander SA

25, 3-
Alexandriana, purpura: used by

Severus Alexander SA 40, 6.
Alexandrianae, ficus : showed omen

of death of Severus Alexander SA

60,4.
Alexandriani, Sodales: decreed lor

Severus Alexander SA 63, 4.
Alexandrian: poem in praise of

Severus Alexander, imitated by

Gordian I. Go 3, 3.
Alexandrina, Basilica : begun by

Severus Alexander SA 26, 7.



INDEX OF NAMES



Alexandrinum, opus : first used by

Severus Alexander SA 25, 7.
Alexandrinus : name given to Aemili-

anus TT 22, 7.
Allius Fuscus : killed by Commodus

C7.6.
Alma Mons : planted with vines by

Pro bus P 1 8, 8.
Alpes Cottiae : added to Empire

under Nero A 21, n.
Alpes Maritimae : Proculus a native

of F 12, i.

Alps : cheese from AP 12, 4 : crossed
by M. Aurelius and L. Verus MA
14, 6; V 9, 7: crossed by Maxi-
minus and army M 21, 3: Maxi-
mus planned to defend country as
far as M-B 12, 3 : vines planted
as tar as A 48, 2.

Altinum, town in Italy : L. Verus
died in V 9, n.

Amazon : Commodus and Marcia in
garb of C n, 9: signet of Com-
modus CA 2, 4 : Gothic women
dressed as A 34, i.

Amazonius : name given to Com-
modus C ii, 9 : to monlh December
C 11,8.

Ambarvalia : celebration of A 19, 6 ;
20, 3.

Ambibulus: see Eggius.

Amburbium : celebration of A 2O, 3.

Aminniae, name of grapes : omen
given in T 17, 3.

Amphitheatrum at Rome (Colos-
seum) : restored by Antoninus Pius
AP 8, 2 : by Elagabalus E 17, 8 :
by Severus Alexander SA 24, 3 :
women from E 32, 9: repair of
discussed in senate M-B i, 4 :
spectacle of Probus in P 19, 5-7.

Anacharsis : famed for philosophy A

3,5- .
Ancharius, Q., governor of the East:

with Valerian at Byzantium A 13,

i.
Anchialus, city on Black Sea : Goths

attempted to plunder Cl 12, 4.
Ancilia: plan to remove to temple of

Elagabalus E 3, 4.
Andro : teacher of M. Aurelius MA

2, 2.

Andronicus : see Livius.
Aninius Macer, orator : teacher of M.

Aurelius MA 2, 4.



Annia Cornificia Faustina: sister of

M. Aurelius MA i, 8.
Annia Faustina: daughter of Antoni-
nus Pius Ae 6, 9; AP i, 7; 10, 2:
betrothed to Lucius Verus Ae 6, 9 ;
V 2, 3 : married to M. Aurelius AP
i,7; 10,2; MA i, 8; 6,6; V 2, 3:
received title of Augusta MA 20, 7 :
unwilling to have Lucilla married
to Claudius Pompeianus MA 20, 7 :
accused of having encouraged
Avidius Cassius to revolt MA 24, 6 ;
AC 7, i; 9, 9; ii, i : death MA



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