' n ^ *,
UNIVERSITY. OF CALIFORNIA.
CA/ss M>. V, ,
ISLAND OF InS. GUERNSEY.
OF THE LENDING DEPARTMENT,
COMPILED UN OKU THE DIRECTION OF
ALFRED COTGREAVE, F.R.H.S.,
MEMBER OF THE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION,
Assisted in the French Department by
THE LENDING LIBRARY CONTAINS :
ENGLISH SECTION, 30,000 VOLS. FRENCH SECTION, 10,000 VOLS.
GUERNSEY: GUILLE-ALLis LIBRARY.
LONDON AND MANCIIKSTKR : II K X R V SOT II E R A X AN 1) CO.
[ALL RIGHTS RKSERVEDJrjJJf J^ JJ R SI1
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^Founders and directors :
THOMAS GUILLE, ESQ.,
(Jurat of the Guernsey Royal Court).
FREDERICK MANSELL ALLES, ESQ.
JOHN WHITEHEAD, ESQ., Honorary Curator.
J. LINWOOD PITTS, Curator.
BASIL T. ROWSWELL, Librarian.
Mr. ALFRED COTGREAVE, London, Honorary Librarian
and English Correspondent.
M. HENRI BOLAND, Paris, Honorary French Correspondent.
The Story in Brief of the Guille-Alles Library
The Encyclopaedic Catalogue its Aims and Characteristics ... xxxv.
Plan of the Catalogue
Form of Bequest ... X ' 1U
Rules and Regulations
List of Newspapers, Magazines, Reviews, &c. ... xlv.
General Literature ... ... ... ... I
English Prose Fiction ... ... ... ... 86 1
Supplement... ... 1031
Subject and Chronological Index to English Prose Fiction 1043
Supplement to General Catalogue... ... ... 1073
List of Pseudonymous Authors ... ... ... 1195
A Selection of Anonymous Works and their Authors ... 1204
Reference Department (Short List) ... ... 1215
Littdrature generale ... ... ... ... I
Romans ct Fantaisies ... ... ... ... 208
Supplement Frangais ... ... ... ... 258
Views of the Guille-Alles Library ... ... facing title-page.
Portraits of Mr. Thos. Guille and Mr. F. M. Alles ...pagex.
Stov^ in Brief
GUILLE-ALLES LIBRARY, GUERNSEY.
BY J. LINWOOD PITTS, F.S.A. (Normandy),
Curator of tJie Institution, and Member of the Institute of Journalists.
"TTHE completion and issue of the present extended Encyclopedic
Catalogue of the Guille-Alles Library seems to offer a fitting
opportunity for adding some short account of the origin, foundation
and progress of this noble Institution, a classified list of a portion of
whose literary treasures the Catalogue in question contains. The
Guille-Alles Library, besides its 60,000 volumes of well-assorted works
in the French and English languages, has also its different courses
of popular lectures, its students' classes, and its local and general
museum, together with various other means and appliances for the
direction and elevation of the popular taste. Its beneficent work
indeed is so obvious, and it is proving such an immense boon to our
insular community, that very naturally inquiries are from time to
time made especially by strangers as to how the existence of so
extensive an Institution in so small an island, came about.
Of all departments of popular literature there is probably none that
is altogether so inspiriting and encouraging to young men and women
as the study of biography. Longfellow has told us in lines that have
thrilled the hearts and fired the ardour of tens of thousands of earnest
students on both sides of the Atlantic, that
Lives of great men all remind us,
We may make our lives sublime,
And departing leave behind its
Footprints on the sands of Time.
viii. The Story in Brief
Footprints that perhaps another,
Toiling o'er life's stormy main,
A forlorn and shipwrecked brother,
Seeing shall take heart again.
And not only is this the case as regards the career of those whom
the world calls its great men, but the bright example of every earnest,,
upright, devoted and benevolent life, is well fitted to act as a beacon
and a guiding-star in the stimulation of others, either to emulate the
same example or to strike out new paths of usefulness for themselves.
Indeed it frequently happens that it is just these quiet and unosten-
tatious records of earnest unobtrusive lives, that show forth in the
most striking manner those lessons of indomitable industry, judicious
self-control, organising ability and inventive skill, to which the world
in general is so deeply indebted for so much of what is noblest and
best in its everyday experience.
The history of the Guille-Alles Library affords such a remarkable
if not indeed such an altogether unique instance of the carrying
out of a noble and enlightened resolution, formed in early youth, con-
stantly kept in view, and unswervingly persevered in, that the Founders
of the Institution have been prevailed upon to allow some brief record
of their labours to be made known. In so doing there has not been
the slightest idea of personal vanity or self-laudation. On the con-
trary, they simply yielded at first with considerable reluctance to
the urgent representations of the writer, and of one or two other
intimate personal friends, who believe that the following "plain,
unvarnished tale" will not be without its uses. It is a short but
pregnant story of toil and tact and talent ; of self-reliance and self-
help ; of obstacles overcome and difficulties surmounted ; and there-
fore it must prove heartening and helpful to others who may come
after, and have to battle against like adverse and depressing influ-
ences while seeking to compass similar worthy ends.
In order to explain intelligibly the first inception of this Library
scheme, we must go back to the month of February, 1832, at which
time, Mr. Guille then a boy of fourteen left his native -island of
Guernsey to seek his fortune in the United States of America. The
era of ocean steam navigation had not yet dawned. He sailed from
Portsmouth, taking his passage in a Scotch brig, which had put into
that famous naval station for repairs, and which took thirty-five days
in reaching New York a transit that is now easily accomplished in less
than a week. Mr. Guille's parents, both on the father's and the mother's
of the Guille-Alles Library. ix*.
side, came of ancient and honourable lineage. The father's name in
particular was one of the oldest in the records of the island, while he
himself was as noble a representative of the family traditions as any
in the long list of his ancestors. Possessing a mind imbued with
truly noble Christian principles, and blessed with a culture and an
intelligence far in advance of most of the local farmers of his class and
time, Mr. Guille, sen., gave his children the best education which his
own limited means, and the then comparatively primitive resources of
the island, permitted. Unable to keep all his four sons on his farm,
he apprenticed the two younger ones to trades. The subject of this
sketch selected that of a carpenter, replying, when questioned by his
father as to his business preferences : " I wish to learn the trade
which I believe our Saviour chose in His younger days." He was,
therefore, in accordance with his wishes, apprenticed to a Guernsey
master-carpenter, and had been so engaged for about eighteen months,
when a circumstance occurred which entirely changed all the pro-
spects of his future life.
A friend of the family, Mr. Daniel Mauger (or Maujer, as the name
is generally spelt on the other side of the Atlantic) formerly a car-
penter and builder who had gone out to America a fe\v years before,
and had established himself in business in New York as a house-
painter and decorator, came over on a short visit to his former
island home. He frequently called in at the Guilles', and enjoyed
many a pleasant chat round their cosy fireside, giving of course
glowing accounts of the home of his adoption, and speaking in high
terms of the almost boundless possibilities that were opening out to
talent, industry and perseverance in the new world. These graphic,
yet by no means over-drawn pictures, of life and its opportunities on
trje other side of the Atlantic, were not lost on the eager and intelli-
gent young apprentice. Indeed, they so thoroughly roused his youth-
ful ardour and fired his imagination, that he determined, if possible, to
follow his friend's example and seek his own fortune in the great
Republic of the West. His parents, at first, were, perhaps not
unnaturally, opposed to the proposal. America in those days seemed
very much further away than it does now, and a settlement there
meant a long, long separation. His mother, especially who loved
her enterprising little lad as only a mother can tried by all the argu-
ments she could think of to dissuade him from what seemed to her to
be such an extraordinary freak of fancy. But all in vain. The bright
visions of the future were too real and too vivid to be effaced ; and so
at length the parental consent was accorded, as was also that of the
Guernsey employer with whom he was learning his trade. The con-
x. The Story in Brief
sequence was that when Mr. Mauger returned to New York he took
the young apprentice with him, with the mutual understanding that he
should complete teaching him his business, and should also find a
home for him in his house. The arrangement thus entered into was
loyally carried out by both the contracting parties, and the business
relations and personal friendship then begun lasted throughout "many
prosperous years, and was in the end terminated only by Mr. Mauger's
Mr. Guille's new employer had been duly informed of the boy's
intense fondness for reading, and during the long and tedious voyage
out he had also had abundant corroboration of his young friend's
studious habits. Mr. Mauger was himself a thoughtful and a read-
ing man, and he possessed at his home in New York a well-selected
little library chiefly, however, of a theological character. After their
arrival, and with a view to encourage his young employe's laudable
desire for self-improvement, Mr. Mauger kindly allowed him access
to this collection a privilege which it is hardly necessary to add was
eagerly seized upon and highly valued. And now comes a curious
coincidence, or, at any rate, a circumstance which shows the strange
correlation and interconnection which may, and often does, exist
between matters at first sight utterly dissimilar and disassociated.
Prominent among the more important works in Mr. Mauger's library
was Dr. Adam Clark's well-known Scripture Commentary, in eight
volumes. And improbable as it might appear to those unacquainted
with that learned commentator's labours, it was through the doctor's
clever and striking explanations of several passages of Scripture by
the aid of physical science, that the youthful student's taste for the
intimate investigation of Nature in her marvellous and multiform
phases first took its initial development. Now let us mark just for a
moment this interesting chain of events in their beautiful sequence
and harmony. Nearly fifty years previous to the time of which we
are speaking, namely, in 1788, the Rev. Adam Clarke then an almost
unknown young man came and took up his station as a Methodist
preacher in Mr. Guille's native island of Guernsey. It was here that
this youthful divine once more commenced the careful study of Latin
and Greek, which, some six years before, he had unfortunately
solemnly relinquished at the bidding 'of a bigoted and ignorant
brother-minister, who persuaded him that " the learned languages "
were soul-destroying snares of the devil. It was in Guernsey, too,
in common with other devoted ministers who tried in those early
days to disseminate Methodist doctrine in the island, that Adam
of the Guille-Attes Library.
Clarke was persecuted and hounded down by howling mobs of furious
fanatics, who, however, although threatening his life again and again
especially when he visited the Vale parish were providentially
prevented from doing him any serious harm. Well, Adam Clarke, in
1788 brought his charming young bride to Guernsey, and at Mon
Plaisir, St. Jacques, shaking himself free from the unworthy mental
fetters that had bound him, he once more prayerfully resumed his
classical and scientific studies, and thus laid the foundation of those
splendid monuments of research and erudition which subsequently
flowed from his pen. How little did Adam Clarke then think that
some thirty years later there would be born in that self-same island of
Guernsey a boy (Mr. Guille), who would afterwards cross the Atlantic,
and finding there a copy of this, his most important work, the Com-
mentaries, would be roused by its perusal not only to religious
thoughtfulness but to scientific enthusiasm. That some fifty years
from the time of his writing, this same boy with a congenial com-
panion also from Guernsey (Mr. Alles) would be carefully studying
his teachings, and that when yet another fifty years had sped by,
these two life-long friends and companions now become wealthy and
prosperous would be found once more in that same island of Guern-
sey, associated together in bringing before their fellow countrymen
those important scientific verities which he (Adam Clarke) was privi-
leged in the first instance to bring before them. The coincidence and
connection are curious and worth noting, while the circumstances, as
a whole, strikingly exemplify the mighty and lasting and far-reaching
power inherent in the mind and pen. In 1788 a then almost unknown
writer, toiling on in a secluded Guernsey homestead, lets fall some
precious seeds of pure scientific truth. In 1888 just a century later
as the indirect result of the wafting of these self-same seeds across
the Atlantic, where they germinated and fructified, we have in the
most central position in the chief town of Guernsey a splendid shrine
of science and literature, furnished and endowed in perpetuity, and
dedicated for ever as the local home of all that is noblest and purest
and best in the heart and intellect of man. " Cast thy bread upon
the waters, for thou shall find it after many days" (Eccles. xi. i).
" In the morning sow thy seed, and in the evening withhold not thine
liand, for thou knowest not whether shall prosper, either this or that,
or whether both shall be alike good " (Eccles. xi. 6).
Sages must die, but ere their course be run,
They pass to others what their toil hath won,
And, like spent runners in the Torch-race, hand
Each to fresh athlete, Truth's undying brand.
xii. The Story in Brief
But we are anticipating-. Let us return to New York and the year
1834, when there occurred another circumstance which still more
strongly influenced and vividly coloured the whole of Mr. Guille's
future career. At this time he was a boy of sixteen, and, as we have
already seen, was completing his apprenticeship with Mr. Mauger,
whose house was also his home. Through the introduction of his
employer he now enjoyed the privilege of access to a very extensive
library in the city, founded by a wealthy corporation known as The
General Society of Mechanics and Tradesmen, and one department of
which was called the Apprentices' Library. The pleasure and profit
which he derived from this source were so great, and made such a
deep impression upon his mind that, young as he was, he formed the
resolution that if his future life proved prosperous, and his position
enabled him to do so, he would one day found a similar institution in
his own little native island of Guernsey. This was certainly a very
remarkable decision for so young a boy to come to, and, what is.
perhaps still more strange was, that he arrived at it on the very first
evening that he visited the Library. In recalling the incidents of
that memorable night, Mr. Guille says: "Never shall I forget the
emotion of wonder and delight which seized me, when, for the first
time, I entered that Library, and read the following couplet promi-
nently inscribed upon its walls :
This Institution is for youth designed,
To form their manners and improve their mind.
Up to that evening I had never seen so many books gathered
together, and what more especially surprised and delighted me was
the assurance that they were all intended for the special benefit of
young apprentices like myself. And when, after scanning the catalogue
a copy of which I took particular care to procure without delay I
found it to comprise works in every department of human knowledge,
to all of which I was henceforth to have free access, I could scarcely
contain the exuberance of my joy."
It was while hastily wending his way homeward shortly after-
wards anxious to devote the two hours which yet remained before bed-
time to the reading of the volume he had borrowed that the remem-
brance of his little native island and its intellectual needs flashed upon
his mind, giving rise to a train of thought something like this :
" Would that a kind Providence might put it into the heart of some
wealthy man to provide my own countrymen with such precious oppor-
tunities of instruction as I now enjoy through this splendid institution.
Had /but the means how gladly would I myself supply them with
of the Guille-AUes Library. xiii.
this boon ! But I am only a young apprentice, earning barely suffi-
cient to supply my own wants. How then could such an extraordinary
idea enter my head ?**** Yet I shall not always be an apprentice.
Three years more and I shall have completed my indentures, and be
free to earn my own living. Then I can command a good salary ;
while a little later I may probably establish myself in business on my
own account, and have apprentices and workmen to assist me. With
industry, skill and perseverance, why should I not make money and
save it ? And then, with God's help, may I not myself become the
benefactor of my country, and provide it with that for which I am
now sighing? Yes, certainly I may. And with the Divine help and
blessing I will. I will not wait in the vague hope that the want may
perhaps be supplied by others ; but I will undertake the important
task myself. It may perhaps take me ten, or twenty, or thirty years
.to accomplish it nay it may possibly take my whole life. But what of
.that ? The largest enterprises have often sprung from the smallest
beginnings. Rome was not built in a day. Only just now I was read-
ing that the most celebrated library in the world was commenced by
-the gathering together of a few hundred volumes * * * * I will begin
the work at once. From this very day I will save every penny that
I do not urgently need, and will devote all my savings to the purchase
t)f books which shall form the commencement and nucleus of the
future ' Guernsey Library.' Ere I reached home a tolerably com-
prehensive outline of the projected institution was actually sketched in
my mind. My imagination figured not only a collection of books
which should be good and wholesome reading, but it also included
provisions for further solid instruction in the shape of popular lectures
and other intellectual facilities such as I learnt were comprised in the
scheme of the Library I had just quitted. And to this early outline,
-so sketched in my boyish days, I have, as regards its main features,
-ever since adhered.''
Such, then, was the first rough draft of that project which has since
"become such a grand reality. The youthful resolution, thus formed
during that hurried walk home, never wavered or faltered or failed.
'Successive years but added colouring and completeness and detail,
until at length the romantic dream was fully realised in the noble and
flourishing institution that we now so fortunately possess.
It was also in this same year 1834 that another event occurred
which had a specially important bearing upon the institution that was
one day to spring up. This was the arrival in New York of Mr.
^Guille's life-long friend and associate, Mr. F. M. Alles. In their
xiv. The Story in Brief
island home in Guernsey the two families were neighbours. The two
boys played together as children, and went to the same school when
they grew older. Then, as we have seen, Mr. Guille left for America,
and the early companionship was temporarily severed. But about
two years later, Mr. Alles who was some eighteen months younger
than Mr. Guille determined to follow his youthful friend to New
York, and was, therefore, in due course apprenticed to the same
master and lodged under the same roof. Then was renewed that
close and touching friendship which has continued ever since. No.
sooner was the day's work over than the two youths were inseparable-
companions wherever duty called or inclination led them whether to.
a religious service, a scientific lecture, or as was most often the case
to the sale-room of some book-auctioneer, where many a coveted,
volume was purchased in prospect of the future Guernsey Library..
In connection with this happy and hopeful period in the life of the
two young friends, many an amusing story might be told respecting
some of the books which are on the Guille-Alles Library shelves
to-day, while some other of these stories were perhaps not quite so.
amusing as actual experiences then, as they are when recalled in re-
Fond as the two young apprentices were, however, of literary and:
scientific studies, it must be noted that they never allowed these pre-
dilections to interfere with their business efficiency. But, on the con-
trary, they were as earnest in the mastery of all the details of their-
trade by day, as they were in the indulgence of their intellectual
tastes when their usual work was over. Their employer, therefore,,
wisely encouraged these studies, rightly considering that his youthful
friends and assistants were much more profitably employed in thus,
communing with the master-spirits of the world, than they would have
been had they, like so many other young men similarly circumstanced,,
spent their leisure in running after the gaieties and indulging in the:
minor follies so often incident to city life. Mr. Guille, as the senior
apprentice, was allowed to keep his book-case in his employer's office,
where it not unnaturally attracted the attention of many of the literary
and scientific gentlemen who had business transactions with the firm.
On being informed that it belonged to "the apprentice," many a.
gratifying remark was made as to the excellent judgment shown in
the selection. Even at this distant day, Mr. Guille still recalls with
pleasure the kind and encouraging words he then received from
various distinguished men, who have since been removed by death,,
but whose names are lastingly engraven on the fadeless annals of
their time such men, for instance, as William Cullen Bryant, the
of the GniUe-AUes Library. xv.
poet ; Horace Greeley, the journalist and politician ; Dr. Draper, the
chemist and scientist ; and Francis Lieber, the political economist-
all these men, and many others less widely known, had business rela-
tions with Mr. Mauger, and never failed, when calling, to enquire
after his scientific and literary apprentice.
As regarded the use which Mr. Guille made of the " Apprentice's
Library," it was constant and thorough. Its shelves formed the store-
house from which he thenceforth daily drew that mental food which
seemed as necessary to his existence as did the physical food which
he took to sustain his bodily strength. He was soon told by the
librarian of the Institution that if he read all the works he borrowed
he was the most greedy book-worm which that official had yet come
across. Well, he not only did read them all, but he never returned a
single one without having derived some valuable bit of information, or
some instructive lesson from its pages. On leaving his little native
island he had felt that he was, in more senses than one, going into a
new world ; yet little did he picture to himself the entirely trans-
formed existence which this ideal world of literature and science
would actually throw open before his enraptured vision. He soon
made acquaintance with the principal works of the day on the natural
sciences chemistry especially proving a most favourite and fascinating
study. What a charm its revelations of the marvellous constitution
of matter shed over his young life, by enabling him to understand arid
appreciate those wondrous and never-ceasing changes and transfor-
mations which are hourly taking place around us, but which, with so
many people, go by unheeded, as though they were not worthy of
even a passing thought. Nor were his privileges restricted to the