H. B. (Henry Bathurst) Hanna.

The second Afghan war, 1878-79-80 : its causes, its conduct and its consequences (Volume 2) online

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November 21st — Conceal-
ment and misstatement of
Facts, etc., 135
Creagh, Capt. O'Moore. — Conduct of
Kam Dakka Affair, 290
Victoria Cross Award, 300
Crowley. Private. — Gallantry in 10th
Hussars' Disaster, 287, note 1

D
Dadar — Stewart's March, 117
Dakka — Occupation by Sir S. Browne,
etc., 30
Cart Road from Jamrud Con-
structed, 42
Climate, etc., 37
Fort looted by Mohmands, 31
Hospital Arrangements, Inadequacy

of, 37
Transport and Commissariat Diffi-
culties — Tribesmen's Attacks
on Convoys, etc., 34
Tytler, Gen., Command lianded
over to, 43
Darwaza Pass — Natives hanged for
Mvu-der of Camp Followers,
205 and note 1
Defiles, Passage of —

Baggage Disposition of — Tj^tler's
mistake on return from First
Bazar Expedition, 55



INDEX



361



Defiles, Passage of {continued) —

Securing Flanks of a force nn essen-
tial Precaution, 107
Dissenting Chm-ches— Protests against

the War, 135
Drew, Col. Barry —

Command of 2nd Brigade, Kuram
Field Force given to General
Forbes — Injustice to Colonel
Drew, 307 and note 1
Peiwar Kotal Action, 91



E

England, General — Repulse at Hai-
kalzai in 1840, HI

Evatt, Surgeon-Major — Hospital Ar-
rangements for Force attack-
ing Ali Masjid, 14, note 1



F

Fellowes, Colonel H.— Death, 330
Fitzhugh, 77

Forbes, General — Appointment to
Command 2nd Brigade of
Kuram Field Force— Injus-
tice to Colonel Barry Drew,
307 and 7iote
Foreign Relations of Kabul Govern-
ment, Conducting in Accord-
ance with advice and wishes
of British Government, 337
Frazer, Dr., Bishop of Manchester —
Warning against the War,
134
Frontier Rectification —

Government Press Assumption that
Rectification was accom-
plished (Jan., 1879), 1G7
Object of the War, 158
Futtehabad — Khugiani Rising, 282
Casualties, 291— Return, 292
Cough's March to Futtehabad, 287
Khugiani Position — Gough's Plan

of Attack, 289
Khuja Fortifications destroyed, 294
Submission of Khugiani Chiefs, 294



G

Gandamak —

Climate, etc., 294

Occupation by Browne's Division,

278, 280, 294
Treaty of, 342



Gandamak (continued)—
Treaty of {continued) —

Reception in England, 344
Text, 349
Ghazni— Supply and Transport Diffi-
culties rendering advance on
impossible, 245
Ghilzais —

Lagman Valley — Azmutulla Khan's
Rising, 194, 282
Macpherson's Column, March of,

etc., 282, 301
Wood's Column— 10th Hussars
Disaster, etc., 284, 301, 302
Strength and Territory, 191, note 1
Ghlo Kotal Pass, Action at (Palliser),
233
Officers mentioned in Report, 230
Gholam Hussain Khan, Nawab—
Governor of Kandahar, Ap-
pointment, 244
Girishk —

Expedition to, see Helmand Expedi-
tion.
Uselessness as Fort, 260
Gough, General C. — Action at Futte-
habad, see Futtehabad
Greenwood, Lieut. C— Gallantry in
10th Hussars Disaster, 287,
7iofe 1
Greer, Sergeant William— Gallantry in

the Manjiar Defile, 101
Guarantee of Afghan Territory-
Terms of Peace, 338
Gwaja Route to Kandahar —

LeMessurier's, Maj., Table, 129, note 1
Reconnaissance of Pass, 113

H

Haikalzai, Village of — Scene of General
England's Repulse in 1 840, 1 1 1

Haines, Sir F. — Commander-in-Chief —
Kuram Field Force, Visit to, 306
Peshawar Valley Field Force,
Alteration in Dispositions,
Reinforcements, etc., 277
Maude unable to take over Jella-
labad, 295

Hamilton, Lieut. W. R. P.— Gallantry
at Futtehabad, 291

Hanna, Major, 112

Harcourt, Sir W. — Comments on Atti-
tude of Bishops towards the
War, 135 7iote 1

Hart, Lieut. — Victoria Cross for Gallan-
try in First Bazar Expedition,
184

Hassan Khel — Submission, 312



362



INDEX



Hazir Pir — Durbar held by General

Roberts, 59
Helmand Expedition (Biddulph) —
Constitution of Force, 261
Dispositions on the Helmand, 265 —

Criticism, 274
Distance traversed — Table of Stages,

262
Futility of Expedition, 273, 274
Object of Expedition, 263
Reconnaissances towards Herat, 267
Retirement, 268

Dispositions for — Covering by

Rear Guard under Colonel

Malcolmson, 268

Division of Forces a mistake, 274

False Alarm — Enemy resolved

into Mountain Sheep, 272
Rear-guard attacked by Alizais,
268
Casualties, Officers mentioned in

Report, etc., 271
Precautions neglected on arrival
at Kushk-i-Nakhud, 275
Scarcity of Supplies — Lack of Local

Resources, 263, 266
Survey work, 267

Tanner's, Colonel, Flanking Party,
263, 275
Herat — Advance on, rendered impossi-
ble by Supply and Transport
Difficulties, 245
Hogg, Col. — Transport Service Re-
organization, 161
Hospital Arrangements —

Ali Masjid Operations, 14, note 1
Dakka — Inadequate Arrangements,

37
Kandahar, 245, 254
Khelat-i-Ghilzai Expedition — Divi-
sional Hospital left at Jaldak,
249
Hussars, 10th — Disaster in fording
Kabul River, 284
Neglect of Precautions, 302
Night Marches, Dangers of, 301



Inadequate Forces employed in the
War — Dangerous Expedients
necessitated in Emergencies
— Scratch Forces, etc., 45,
199, 303

Indian Army — Native Army —

Augmentation in October, 1878,
Lord Cranbroolt's Illegal
Treatment of Indian Council,
142



Indian Army (continued) —

British Officers, Paucity of — Grow-
ing Disproportion between
Native Troops in the Field
and their European Officers,
164

Recruiting, Falling off in, 162
Indian Council —

Illegal Treatment by Lord Cran-
brook re Augmentation of
Indian Army, 141, 142

Status and Functions, 141, 143



Jacob, John — Himianity Shown in

Sind, 215
Jajis—

Peiwar Kotal Position threatened

by Mangals and Jajis, 222
Road Work m Kuram District,
312
Jellalabad —

Attack planned by the Mir Akhor,

194
Climate, Sanitation, Population, etc.,

44
Connexion with Gandamak Position,

295
Occupation by Sir S. Browne, 42, 43

Commissariat Difficulties, 45
Permanent Occupation decided on,
Sit&f or Cantonments Selected,
etc., 277
Jenkins, General —

Lagman Valley Reconnaissance, 194
Mohmand Punitive Expedition. 173
Turning Movement on Ali Masjid —
Kata Kushtia, Descent on — Pri-
soners taken on 22nd, etc.,
16-19
Pani Pal, Reconnaissance from, 4
Juniper Forest, 330, note 1

K

Kabitkas, 232, note 1
Kabul, Advance on —

Browne's, Sir S., Scheiue amounting
to demonstration of Impossi-
bility, 278
Kuram Field Force, Co-operation —
Reserve, Formation of, 307
Transport Difficulties — Reduction
in Impedimenta ordered by
General Roberts, 309, 313
Troops Selected for Advance, 306
Natural Difficulties,Advance checked
bv — Briti.sh forces at a Stand-
still, 154



INDEX



363



Kabul, Advance on (continued)

Transport Difficulties, Position of
Browne and Roberts, 339
Kabul River — 10th Hussars Disaster,

284, 301, 302
Kachi Desert, 118, note 1
Kadani Plain — Achakzai Raids, 317
Kakar Coiuitry —

Biddulph's Division of Kandahar
Field Force, Retirement by
Thal-Chotiali Route, see
Kandahar Field Force
Biddulph's Reconnaissance, 111, 115
Kam Dakka Affair, 296
Casualties, 300
Moveable Columns, Instance of

Need for, 303
Results — Collapse of Mohmand Re-
sistance, 300
Kandahar —

Governorship — Appointment of

Nawab Gholam Hussain Khan

with Major St. John as

Adviser, 244

Resources — Scarcely able to Support

its own Garrison, 245
Retention of Province opposed by

General Stewart, 200
Routes to —

Le Messurier's, Major, table for
Gwaja and Khojak Routes,
129
Reconnaissance of Passes, 112
Sanitary Improvements, 332
Submission to British Authority,

237
Temper of Populace — Inadequate
Measures taken to protect
Soldiers and Camp Followers,
243, 255
Kandahar Field Force (Stewart) —
Advance from Quetta, 128
Advance Guards — Jlarch on Takht-
i-Pul 231
Ghlo Kotal Pass Action, 233
Weakness in Artillery, 241
Advance on Ghazni and Herat im-
possible owing to Supply and
Transport Difficulties, 245
Artillery, Lack of Bullocks for,

237
Biddulph's Division — Retirement by
Thai Chotiali Route
Arrangements, Division of Force,
etc., Responsibility of General
Stewart, 321, 334
Cholera among Troops. 331
Difficulties of Route, 322, 330



Kandahar Field- Force (continued) —
Biddulph's Division,etc.(con<mMed) —
First Column —

Baghao — Affair with Tribesmen,

324
Constitution, 321
Damars of Smalan, Threatened
Attack, 323
Insanitary State of Camping
Grounds — Stench from dead
Camels, etc., 322
No adequate grovmds for return
by Thal-Chotiali Route, 334
Objects of — Survey Arrangements,

321
Record of discipline, 329
Second and Third Columns —
Nervous Tension among Troops,

328
Organization, 326
Separation at Chinjan owing to

lack of Supphes, 327, 334
Svu-vey Work, 327
Sickness among Troops, 329
Ceremonial Entry into Kandahar,
237
Risks involved — Lack of Pre-
cautionarv Measures, etc.,
241
Comparison between General
Stewart's Position at Kanda-
har and Wellington's at
Lusaca, 259
Concentration at Abdur Rahman,

237
Constitution, 126
Hospital Arrangements in Kandahar,

245, 254
Lino of Communications, 318

Bombay Division Guarding Line,

126, 121, 122, 131
Posts between Kandahar and

Quetta, 316
Raids on, 317, 333
Multan Garrison, 131
Pathan Attack on Camp of Royal
Artillery and 59th Foot, 254
Pathans in Native Regiments, Dis-
quieting Attitude, 125
Quetta — Insanitary Condition, 123
Reduction in Force — General
Stewart's Proposal, 246
Lytton's, Lord, Consent, 318
Troops selected for return —

Routes to be followed, 320
see also subheading Biddulph's
Division
Reorganization, 125



3^4



INDEX



Kandahar Field Force (continued) —
Strained Relations between Generals

Stewart and Biddulph, 123
Sickness among Troops, 124, 162
Supplies, Scarcity of, 245, 246, note 2,

318
Transport Difficulties — Mortality
ainong Camels, etc., 117,
119, 130, IGO, 233
Broach of Faith with Sind Camel-
men, 119
Troops remaining for Summer of
1879—
Distribution, 319
Health, 332

Quarters — General Stewart's Ar-
rangements, 331
see also Helmand and Kholat-i-
Ghilzai Expeditions,
Kaufmann — Advico to Shere Ali to
make peace, 144
Letters to Shere Ali at Mazar-i-
Sharif, 152
Keen, Major — Action at Baghao, 324
Kennedy, Colonel — Dispositions in
Action at Ghlo Kotal Pass,
234, 236
Khelat- i- Ghilzai Expedition (Stew-
art)—
Afghan Garrison withdra^^Ti, 250
Argandab and Arghesan Valleys —
Investigation of Resources,
252
Constitution of Force, 247
Distance traversed, 248
Order of Advance. 24S
Position of Fort, 250
Rear Brigade and Divisional Hospi-
tal left at Jaldak, 249
Responsibility of General Stewart
for what he knew to be a
risky and futile Expedition,
257
Return to Kandahar — Difficulties of
March, Lack of Transport,
etc., 253
Scarcity of Supplies, Lack of warm
clothing, etc., 249, 251, 256,
note 1
Transport Difficulties — IVIortnlity
among Camels, 249, 258
Khojak Pass —

Occupation by GJcncral Biddulph's

Division, 114
Reconnaissance of, 112
Road Construction, 115
Khojak Route to Kandahar — Major
Le Messurier's table, 129, no/e 1



Khost Expedition (Roberts) —

Afghan Governor's Readiness to
hand over Administration of
Khost to General Roberts,
203
Climate, etc., of Khost Valley, 205
Constitution of Force, 202
Distance traversed, 203
Effect on Tribesmen throughout

North-West Frontier, 339
Exploration and Survey of Valley,

221
Incidents of tlie March, 204
Inhabitants of the Valley and
Neighbouring Tribesmen, At-
titude of —
Mahomed Akram's Warning, 206
Precautions taken by General
Roberts — Warning to Villa-
gers, Hostages taken, etc., 207
Mangal Attack —

Camp attacked, 209
Casualties, 211

Cavalry Reconnaissance under
Major Stewart, 208
Mahsud Waziri Raid and burning
of Tank — Effect on General
Roberts' Position, 222
Responsibility of Expedition resting
entirelj^ with General Roberts,
229
Retirement, 226, 227
Second Gatliering of Tribesmen re-
ported — Retirement resolved
on, 223
Sickness among Troops, 222
Sultan Jan appointed to hold Khost
with Turi Levies, 224
Rescued from Mangal Attack, 226
Svipphes — Arrival of Convoy, 221
Villages plundered and burnt — No
Prisoners to be taken, etc.,
210, 211, 213
Roberts's, General, Account of
Transaction, 220
Discrepancies between First and
Second Accounts, 228
Waziri Prisoners, 211

Attempt to escape during Scare
of Night Attack, Number
Killed and Wounded, 218
Yakubi Outpost, Experiences of,
219
Khugiani Rising — Action at Futte-
habad, etc., sec Fnttehabad
Khushdil Khan - ka - Killa — Fort re-
paired and garrisoned by
General Biddulph, 112



INDEX



365



Khwas, INIalik, — Chief of Friendly
minority of the Zakka Khel,
50, 51/52
Khyber Pass and Tribes —

Alternative Route— Reconnaissance
Party unable to discover
practicable alternative route,
43
Arrangements wdth Tribes — Major
Cavagnari' s Arrangemen ts,
etc., 50
Force raised for service with the
British, Cost, etc., 168 and
note 2, 169
Futility of Subsidy System, 169,
188. 338
Description of the Pass, 30
Hostile Attitude of Tribes, 194, 280,
338
Ty tier's Recall from Bazar Valley,
181, 191
Renunciation of Authority by Amir
— Conditions of Peace laid
down by Lord Lytton, 336
Sm'vey Parties, Attacks on, 195
see also Names of Tribes.
Khyber River — Sickness due to Water

of, 30
" King's," 8th — Gallantry at Peiwar
Kotal, 87, 91, note 1
Haines', Sir F., Praise of, 306
Kuram District —

Annexation — General Roberts's ad-

di'ess to Chiefs, etc., 105
British Control— Conditions of Peace
laid down by Lord Lytton,
337
Lunit of British Administration
fixed at Ali Khel, 342
Description, 56
Kuram Field Force (Roberts) —
Commissariat Difficulties, 304
Distribution of Troops, Jan. 1879. 202
Haines', Sir F., Visit, 306
Haste and Rashness displayed by
General Roberts throughovit
Campaign, 94
Kabul, Advance on, Co-operation

in, see Kabul
Line of Communications —
Length of, 200

Raids by Tribesmen, 164, 201, 304
Troops sent to strengthen, 227
Watson's, General, Command, 305
McPherson, Mr., Special Corre-
spondent of Standard — Lord
Roberts' Charges against,
314, note



Kuram Field Force (continued) —
Position in January, 1879 — Length
of Linos of Communication,
etc., 200
Sappari Pass, Examination of — •
Mangal Attack on Transport
Train in Manjiar Defile, 99
Criticism of Gen. Roberts' Dis-
positions, Neglect of Precau-
tions, etc., 103, note 2, 106,
108, note 2
Shutargardan Reconnaissance, 96
Sickness among troops, 200, 222
Theft from Field Treasury Chest by
Native non - commissioned
officer of 29th Punjab In-
fantry, 104
Transport Difficulties, 201, 305
see also Peiwar Kotal Action, Khost
Expedition and Kiu'am Forts
Kuram Forts, General Roberts's Ad-
vance on.
Cavalry rush — Attempt to inter-
cept Fugitives from Kapi-
yang, 58
Difficulties of Route, 58, 59
Division of Column and Isolation of
Detachments — Advance con-
ducted on assumption that
Afghans would not attack,
60
Evacuation by Amir's troops. News

of, 59
Garrison left by General Roberts, 62
Route selected, 57
Ruinous Condition, 62



Lagman Valley — Distiu-bances stirred
up by AzmatuUa, etc., 191,
194, 282

Lalpura District —

Cavagnari's, Major, Reception of
Mahomed Shah Khan after
occupation of Dakka, 32
Mohmands' threatened Attack on,

296
Swat, Akliand of. Efforts to stir up
Mahomed Shah Khan against
the British, 194

Leach, Capt. E. P., of Survey Depart-
ment — Shinwari attack on,
Gallantry of Capt. Leach, etc.,
195

Limond, Col. — Construction of cart
road from Jamrud to Dakka,
42 and note



366



INDEX



Lines of Communication —

Kandahar Field Force, 316, 318
Bombay Division, Work in
Guarding Lines, 120, 121, 122,
131
Raids on Lines, 317, 333
Khyber Line — ^Hostility of Tribes,
etc., 33, 32, 34, 280, 338
Maude's Division, Duties of, 41,
277, 295
Kuram Field Force — Length of
Lines. Tribesmen's Raids,
etc., IG-i, 200, 201, 227, 304
Lucas, Captain, 112
Lytton, Lord — Viceroy of India —
Augmentation of Indian Native
Army in Oct. 1878 — Defects
of Method, etc., 142 and
note 1
Cavagnari's, Maj., Khyber Appoint-
ment due to his support of the
Viceroy's Afghan Policy, 189
Kandahar Field Force, Consent to

Reduction of, 318
Native Troops, Paucity of British
Officers — Indian Staff Corps
thrown open to Officers of
Regiments not serving in
India, 165.
Objects of the War, 158
Peace —

Conditions laid down, 336
Despatch announcing Conclusion
— Moderation of tone. Value
as historical document, etc.,
342, 343
Difference of Opinion with Homo
Government as to Re-settle-
ment of Afghanistan, 166
Establishment of an Afghan
Govermnent an essential Pre-
liminary, 165.
Programme — Simultaneous three-
fold Invasion of Afghanistan,
109
Programme going to pieces at
first contact with hard facts
— Sir S. Browne's entire force
occupied in keeping open the
Khyber, 33
Rushing into War without counting
the Cost — Inability to rein-
force the 2nd Division of
Peshawar Valley Field Force,
45
Throe Lines of Advance with
Troops and Transport none
too numerous for one, 46



Lytton, Lord (continued) —

Siege Train sent on to Quetta, in
spite of reduction of Kanda-
har Field Force, 318
Wall Mahomed Khan, Selection as
possible successor to Shere
Ali, 166
Candidature no longer pressed, 310

M

Macgregor, Col. C. M. — Recommenda-
tion of Second Invasion of
Bazar Valley, 174
Macnabb, Mr. — Political Adviser to
Gen. Maude
Appointment, 183, 281
Bazar Expedition, Termination of —
Approval of Gen. Maude's
Action. 183
Qualifications for Political Post in
the Khyber superior to those
of Major Cavagnari, 189
Macpherson, Gen. —

Ali Masjid, Turning Movement on

2nd, 30
Lagman Valley Expedition, 282,
301
McPherson, Mr., Special Correspondent
with Kuram Field Force —
Charges against, by Lord
Roberts, 314, note
McQueen, Major — Shelling of Afghan
Camp on the Peiwar Moun-
tain, 88
Mahomed Akram Khan, Governor of

Khost, 203, 206
Mahomed Ali, Prince — Circumstances

of Death, 156
Mahsud Waziris — Invasion of British
Territory, Burning of Tank,
164
Roberts's Position in Khost Valley,
Effect on, 222
Malcolmson, Col. — Retirememt from
Hclmand, Alizai Attack on
Rearguard under Col. Mal-
colmson, 268, 275
Malikdin Khel—

Assistance rendered in First Bazar

Expedition, 47, 48, 53
Nomadic portion mistaken for
Enemy and one man shot —
Reparation, etc., 54
Mangal Tribe —

Kliost Expedition, Attack on, see

Khost Expedition
Kuram Force, Raids on Communi-
cations, 201



INDEX



367



Mangal Tribe {continued) —

Manjiar Defile — Attack on Trans-
port Train, 101, 103, 7iotc 2,
106

PeJwar Kotal Postion threatened by
Mangals and Jajis, 222
Manjiar Defile — Mangal Attack on
Gen. Roberts' Transport
Train, etc., 101, 103, note 2,
lOG, 108, fiote 2
Matun, Mangal attack on Camp, see
Khost Expedition — Mangal
Attack
Maude, Gen. — Opposition to indis-
criminate Destruction of
Tribesmen's Villages, 52, note
1
Maude's Division — Peshawar Valley
Field Force —

Bazar Expeditions, see that title

Constitution, 39

Demands on — Severity of Convoy
Duties, Length of Lines of
Communication, etc., 41

Haines's, Sir F., Arrangements —
Division to take over Com
munications as far as Jella-
labad, 277
Maude unable to take over
Jellalabad, 295

Instructions to Gen. Maude on taking
up Command, 38
Impropriety of subordinating
Gen. Maude to a Young Mili-
tary Officer in Civil Employ,
47

Macnabb, Mr., Appointment as
Pohtical Officer, 183, 281

Re-organization of Force, 39

Sickness due to Exposure and Over-
work, 162, 174

Weakness of Force — Reinforcements
refused, 45
Mel Manda Valley, 232
Michni Pass —

Alternative to Khyber Route, 43

Renunciation of Authority by Amir
— Conditions of Peace laid
down by Lord Lytton, 336
Mir Akhor —

Jellalabad, Attack planned by the
Mir Akhor, 194

Preaching a Jehad among Shinwaris
and Ghilzais, 191
Mixing up Troops from a variety of
Regiments — Vice of System,
Frequency of Occurrence dvir-
ing the War, etc., 199



Mohmand Tribe —

AH Masjid Tiu-ning Movement —

Change of Plan necessitated

by Mohmand Hostility, 5, 6,

19
Attacks on Convoys in the Khyber,

Outrages near Ali Masjid, etc.,

32, 33
Bazar Expedition — Recall of Tytler's

Column necessitated by

Rumours of Mohmand and

Bajam-i Rising, 181, 191
Browne's Expedition against, 191,

192
Macpherson's Column — Passage of

Kunar River, 192
Tytler's Column, March of, 193
Dakka looted by Mohmands, 31
Importance of securing Neutrality —

Major Cavagnari's Cordiality

to Khan of Lalpura, 32
Kam Dakka Affair, 296

Results — Collapse of Mohmand

Resistance, 300
Lalpm'a, threatened Attack on, 296
Punitive Expedition undertaken at

Cavagnari's Request, 172
Muir, Sir William — Attitude towards

the War, 142
Multan garrison reinforced by Brigade

from Madras, 131



N

Napier, Charles — Insistence on Hu-
manity to Non-Combatants,
215
Night Marches, Dangers of, in Moun-
tainous Country —
Ali Masjid — Concealment of Flanking
Movement neither possible
nor useful, 25
Bazar Expedition — Reasons for

Night March, 48, 49
Conditions of Success, 23
Lagman Valley — 10th Hussars Dis-
aster, etc., 301
Peiwar Mountain Operations —

Turning INIovement on night
of 1st December, 75
Non-Combatants, Just and Humane
Traditions of Anglo-Indian
Armv, Violation by Gen.
Roberts, 213
North-West Provinces and Oudh —
Failure of Winter Rains,
Distress, etc., 169



368



INDEX



Nott, Sir William —

Humanity in First Afghan War, 214
Importance of keeping a Force

together — Advice to Col.

Wyner, 275

O

Objects of the War — Lord Lytton's
Letter of January, 1879, 158

Orakzais — Raids on Kuram Field
Force Communications, 164,
304



Palliser, Gen. — Action at Ghlo Kotal

Pass, 233
Parliament —

Debates on the War, Vote of Censure
proposed, etc., 137
Facts, Disagreement as to, 13S
Ministerial lack of Insight and
Foresight, 140
Legality of going to War without
first obtaining Sanction of
Parliament — Terms of " Act
of 1858" ; 141 and note 1
Pathans, see Tribesmen
Peace —

Afghan Government, Establishment
of, a necessary Preliminary —
Lord Lytton's Letter to Lord
Cranbrook, 165
Difference of Opinion between Lord
Lytton and Home Govoi'n-
ment as to Re-settlement of
Afghanistan, 166
Government Press Assumption that
the War was over and its
objects attained, January,
1879, 167
Negotiations with Yakub Khan, 311
Conditions laid down by Lord

Lytton, 336
Guarantee of Afghan Territory

conceded, 338
Interviews between Yakub Khan
and Cavagnari at Gandamak,
341
Reasons for pressing Negotiations
— Difhcultios in the way of an
Advance on Kabul, etc., 338
Treaty of Gandamak Concluded,
342
Conditions prevailing on North-
West Frontier — State of Peace
strongly resembling State of
War, 345



Peace {continued) —

Treaty of Gandamak (continued) —
Kuram Field Force, Withdrawal

from Ali Khel, 313
Lytton's, Lord, Despatch, Terms

of, 342, 343
Reception of News in England,
344
Peiwar Mountain, Action on (Roberts)
Afghan Camp shelled, Panic created,

etc., 88, 91, 92
Afghan Force — Number and Quality
of Troops, Reinforcements
from Kabul, etc., 70, 82, 91
Afghan Position, 71, 72
Camp selected untenable, 65, 67
Cobbe's Movement — Check at Devil's
Punch Bowl, 28th November,
64, 66
True Nature of Operations of
28th November, 67
Constitution of Force, 62
Difficulties of the Route, Slowness of

Advance, 63
Etat de Situation, Night of 2nd De-
cember, 1878, 93
Front Attack, 86, 91
Haste and Rashness displayed by
General Roberts throughout
Operations, 94
Native Troops, Paucity of European

Officers, 164
Picnic Hill, Advance on — Position of

Gen. Roberts and Staff, 80
Plan of Attack (2 December), 73
Reconnoitring parties — Reports, 68,

69
Second Turning Movement towards
Zabardust Killa, 89— Criti-
cism. 94
Shere Ali's Account of Action in
Firman of 22nd December,
149
Spin Gawai Position —
Attack and Capture, 78
Turning Movement — Night March
of 1st December, 75, 83
Treachery of Pathans of 29th
Punjab Infantry, 76, 79 —
Punishment, 104
Turi Spies, False Reports, 61, 63,
67
Peiwar Mountain — Mangals and Jajis

threatening Position, 222
Perry, Sir Ersknie — Attitude towards
the War, Protest against
Position of Indian Council,
142



INDEX



369



Peshawar Valley Field Force, see



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