H. D. (Henry Duff) Traill.

Social England; a record of the progress of the people in religion, laws, learning, arts, industry, commerce, science, literature and manners, from the earliest times to the present day (Volume 3) online

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Book of Discipline, as rival to Book of
Common Prayer, 596, 611

Boorde, Andrew,' 229; on building, 334

Borough Courts, 188

Boulogne captured, by Henry VIII., 6, 90;
surrender of, to the French, 253

Boys' schools. See Grammar schools

Brandon, Charles, Duke of Suffolk, grants
to, 54; marriages of, 201

Brasenose College, Oxford, founded, 119

Brazil, supposed island of, 174

Bread, 541

Breeches, 531, 534, 543

Brehons, and Brehon law, 400

Breton, Nicolas 469

Brick building, 543

Bridewell Palace, 232, 269

Bridges, Dr. John, Defence of Government
of Church of England, 611

Bridlington, Priory of, confiscated, 70

Bristol, sha.re of, in discovery, 174, 175;
position of, in 1503, 181; plague at, 191

BROWN, JOHN: Puritanism and Noncon-
formity (15581584), 586593

Browne, Robert, 592, 595

Brownists, 592, 595, 606

Bruce, Edward, invasion of Ireland (1315
1318), 410

Buckingham, Edward Stafford, Duke of,
execution of (1521), 52

Bull and bear baiting, 536, 537

Burghley or Burleigh, Lord, Church
Policy of, 427; death of, 580

Burrough, Stephen, voyages of, 324 325

Bury, House of Correction at, 758

Byrd, William, 700



Cabbages, 488

Cabot, John, expedition of, 174

Cabot, Sebastian, reappears in English ser-



vice, 301; doubts as to discoveries, ib. ;

ordinances, 304; death, 305
Cadi/, descent ou 1 1596), 620
Calais, loss of. 257, 299
California, Drake in, 681
('am bridge, opposition to Amicable Loan

(1525), 17

Cambridge University : dissolution of col-
leges under Henry VIII., 56; hostility

to Greek, 113; " Germans " at, 114; new

foundations, 120, 171; decline of learn-
ing at, 171; revolution in study at, 122;

faculty of medicine at, 197; relation to

society under Elizabeth, 520; the drama

at, 774

Camp regulations of 1543, 95
Canary Islands, trade with (15261547), 309
Cannon under Henry VIII., 98; naval,

under Henry VIII. , 104, 106; in Kett's

rebellion, 294; under Elizabeth, 632
Canons of 1585, 600
Cape of Good Hope, effect of discovery of,

156; voyage of Raymond and Lancaster

round, "682

Capital and labour, 18, 160
Cardan, Jerome, 453
Cardinal College (afterwards Christ

Church), 37. 120
Cardplaying, 206, 786
Carew, Sir George, in Ireland, 583 seq.
Carew, Sir Peter, punishment in childhood,

239; revolt of, 272
Carols, first printed collection of English,

30, 81

Carrots, 488

Carthusians, persecution of, 64 66
Cartwright, Thomas, 62. 589, 594, 606; prayer

against prelacy, 611
Caspian Sea, Jenkinson on, 665
Castles built under Henry VIII., 101, 103;

Irish, 404 geq.

Gateau Cambresis, Peace of, 90
Catherine of Aragon. divorce, 61; sentence

against, annulled. 271
Catherine Howard, Queen, 78
Catherine Parr, Queen, sympathies of, 80,

note

Cauliflowers, 488

Cavalry, increase of, under Edward VI., 288
Cavendish, Thomas, voyage round the

globe, 684687

Cecil, William. See Burghley
Ceremonies, religious, retained under

Henry VIII., 81
Chanceler, Richard, first voyage of, 311

318; second, 324
Chantry system, influence of, 24; destroyed,

259

Chapman, George, poet and dramatist, 718
Charles V. of Spain, relations with Henry

VIII., 3

Charnock, Thomas, alchemist, 450
Charterhouse, of London, 64 seq.
Chatham dockyard, 649
Cheapside, 781

Cheke, Sir John, 123: death of, 280
Chest, the, at Chatham, 644
Chester, plague at, 191
Child-marriages, 786
Children, treatment of. 118, 238, 239, 242

244; in Scotland, 561; (pauper) State

supervision of, 757
Chimneys, use of, 542, 734
Chopines, 532

Christ Church, Oxford. 77. 119
Christ's College, Cambridge, 120
Christ's Hospital, London, founded. 269
Christ's Hospital, Ipswich, 759
Chroniclers, literary influence of, 134



INDEX.



791



Church; and State, under Henry VIII.. 13,
54, 58, 59; under Edward VI, 258260;
under Elizabeth, 422 seq., 596 seq. ; in
Scotland 388; in Ireland. 562; parties in,
under Henry VIII., 26 32; superstition,
2627; corruption, 28; strength of, 31;
severance from Rome, 58, 59; reform
from within, 81; summary of altera-
tions, 82; tendency Old Catholic, ibid.;
influence of, under Henry VIII., 238;
reform in, under Edward VI., 266; re-
union with Rome (1554), 270; Romanised
under Mary, 270 .<?(/.; endowments re-
main alienated, 273; as a compromise,
426; property of, transferred to Crown,
430; condition and ritual under Eliza-
beth, 432, 433; pluralities in, 520;
courts, corrnption of, 28; reform of,
608

Church history: under Henry VIII., 2243,
5882; under Edward VI., 258271;
under Mary, 271282; under Elizabeth
(15581584), 421-^134; (15841603) in Scot-
land, 388, 557558; in Ireland, 562
Churchyard, Thomas, 469
Cinque Ports, decay of, 175
Clans, Irish, 401

Clare, Earl Richard de (Strongbow), In-
vades Ireland (1169), 408
Classes of Society, alteration in balance of,

under Henry" VIII., 8290
CZosgw-system of Church government, 589,

590

Clergy oppose Amicable loan, 19; vices of,
28, 29; in politics, 29; change in char-
acter under Henry VIII, 83; decline of,
under Edward VI.,' 265, 266; under Eliza-
beth, 430; effect of marriage of, on
literature, 726
Clothing. See dress
Clover, cultivation of, 488
CLOWES, SIR W. LAIRD : The Navy under
Henry VIII., 102112; Maritime War-
fare and Commerce under Edward VI.
and Mary, 296301; the Armada. 570
575; the Elizabethan Navy, 631654
Clowes, William (surgeon) on hospital

patients, 770
Coache=, 544
Coal, Scottish, 394

Coast Defence under Henry VIII., 101. 103
Coinage of Henry VIII., 344; of Edward VI.
and Mary, ibid. ; of Elizabeth. 442445;
debasement of, 164 166. 345, 349; re-
formation of (1560), 490, 491
Colchester, Abbey of, seized, and Abbot
executed, 74; resists Henry VIII.'s in-
terference with free election, 178;
plague at, 191

Colet, John, Dean of St. Paul's, on abuses
in the Church, 28, note; influence on
Church reform, 29; lectures on Pauline
Epistles in English at Oxford, 30; in-
fluence on education, 116
College of Physicians incorporated (1518),

197

Colonisation in America, 683. 684, 691
Columbus, 174
COLVILLE, JAMES : Scotland (11241561), 371

398; Scotland (15611603), 547562
Commerce : becomes oceanic, 174 seq. ;
interfered with by Henry VIII.'s ex-
travagance, 156; crises under Edward
VI. and Mary, 350 352; revival under
Elizabeth, 489 seq.. 736 seq.; progress of
(15841603), 736750; Scottish in 16th
cent., 397, 551

Commerce and Currency under Henry
VIII., 156173



Commissions of concealment, 424

Commons. See Enclosure

Commons, House of, relations with Crown
under Elizabeth, 578; in religious
struggle (1587), 604

Communion, Order of, 80, 82, 259, 429

Companies, trading, under Elizabeth, 498,
502504, 741

Compass, the mariner's, 455, 642

Competition in trade, 155, 186, 190

Conduits, 782

" Coneys," 520

Confectionery, 539, 541

Conge d'elire abolished, 259; restored, 271,
428

Conventicle Act (1595), 593

Convocation, and Reformation, 62, note; atti-
tude under Mary, 272; under Elizabeth,
600, 607

Cook, Hugh, last Abbot of Reading, ex-
ecuted, 75

CORBETT, W. J. : Agriculture (15091547),
150156; Rural Unrest (15471558), 346
348

Corpus Christ! College, Oxford, 119, 171, 180

Correction, Houses of, 758, 759

Costume. See Dress

Court of Augmentation, 68

Court, the, under Elizabeth, 516, 523 seq.

Court Martial, the earliest naval, 639

Courts, borough, 188; Church, 28, 608

Coverdale, Miles (afterwards Bishop), at
Cambridge, 114; first English hymn-
book, 81; Bible, 282, 283

Cox, William, 652

Coyne and livery, 404

Craft Guilds under Henry VIII., .159

Cranmer, Thomas, 60; made Primate, 61;
attack on, 79; altering Mass into Com-
munion Service, 80; attacks reactionary
Bishops, 262; development of his re-
ligious views, 268; attainted of treason,
271

Crannogs, Irish, 405

CEEIGHTON, CHARLES: Public Health
(15091547), 190201; (15471558), 366
371 ; Health and Growth of London,
505512; Public Health (15841603),
763770

Criminal law of medieval Ireland, 400
Criticism, literary, under Elizabeth, 723
Cromwell, Thomas, manipulates Parlia
ment, 21; "agnostic," 40; rise of, 46;
dignities of, 51; fall of, 51 seq., 78; as
Vicar-General, 60; treatment by Henry
VIII., 51, 203 ; and English Bible, 283, 284
Crown, power of, under Henry VIII. , 84, 88
Crown-piece, earliest English, 344
Cruelty, popular, in Tudor period, 246
Crust, John, 336
Cucking Stool, 782
Currants, 539
Currency, debasements of, 164 seq., 349, 350;

under Elizabeth, 745, 746. See Coinage
Customs duties under Mary, 351 seq.



Daniel, Samuel, Elizabethan poet, 704, 720
David I. of Scotland, 371, 373
Davis, John, services to navigation, 642
Day, Bishop of Chichester, imprisoned

under Edward VI., 261263; restored,

276

Debt, of Henry VIII., 348
Dee, Dr., 447, 452
Dekker, Thomas, dramatist, 719
Deptford Dockyard, 103
Desmond Rebellion, 563
Devonshire Rebellion, 288, 292



792



INDEX.



Dinners under Elizabeth, 733, 7RO

Dioceses, new, under Henry VIII., 73, 77

Discipline, Book of, 596. 611

Disoovrrv 115121558), 301326; (15581603),
654697

Disorder, under Henry VIII., 158

Dockyards, under Henry Vlli., 7, 103

Domestic economy in Tudor period, 234,
237

Domestic life under Henry VIII., 229; in
Scotland in 16th cent., 393 seq.

Dorset, Marquis of, expedition to Spain, 92

Douglas, Gawin, later works, 141 146

Drake, Sir Francis, flrst voyage to Nombre
de Dios, 672; voyage in the Pelican, or
Golden Hind, round the globe, 420, 678
682; descent on Cadiz, 620; presides at
a court martial, 640; attacks on
Spaniards, 651; death of, 580

Drama, under Henry VIII.. 208; earlier
Elizabethan, 460^-465; later Elizabe-
than, 707719, 727728; performances
of, under Elizabeth, 771776

Dramatists, Elizabethan, 707714

Drayton, Michael, 704. 720

Dress, under Henry VIII., 212218; under
Mary, 218; Elizabethan, of women, 526
530; of men, 531 534; of the poor, 534;
of gentry, 734; Scottish, in 16th cent.,
394 seq., 555; Irish, medieval, 408

Dress materials, 214

Dudleys, attainted of treason, 271; execu-
tions of, 272

Dudley, Sir Robert, proposals for naval
reform, 653 seq.

DUFF, E. GORDON: The English Bible,
282287

Dutch, relations of England with (1584
1586), 569; trade competition of, 740

Dysentery, 768



East India Company, incorporated (1600),

664, 741
East Indies, voyage of Ralph Fitch to, 669;

Drake in, 681, 682
Easter games, 537
Eastland Company, 504
Economic changes under Henry VIII., 18,

150, 159

Economic Crisis, the (15471558), 348352
Economic Revival, the (15581584), 489505
Economic progress under Elizabeth, 748
Edinburgh, in 16th cent., 393; life in, 551

seq., 555 seq.

Edmondes, Richard, 150
Education of boys, 118 seq., 128; More's in

fluence, 123; Elyot on, 124; Vives on,

124126; Ascham on, 126 seq. ; under

Tudors, 241246; of girls, see Women
Educational reaction, the, under Henry

VIII., 171; under Edward VI., 327
Edward VI., education of, 118, 242 ; reign of,

251 seq. ; character and views, 254, 268

seq.; Church under, 258 270; endow

ment of schools and hospitals, 268, 269,

328 seq. ; effect of reign on Church, 270;

his religious legislation repealed, 271;

navy under, 296; commerce under, 298;

grammar schools, 328 seq. ; buildings of,

332; debasement of coinage under, 349;

financial difficulties of his Government.

357; Poor Law of, 362; pauperism under

364

Egypt, English accounts of, 658
El Dorado, search for, 695 seq.
Elclred, John, his journey to Babylon, 658
Elizabeth, Queen, education of, 126;

as musician, 148; reign of (1558



1584), 417421; excommunication of
by Pius V., 419; and the Church,
424 seq.; portraits of, 442 ; character and
manners of. 524; dress of. 526; relations
with Parliament, 577; death and work
of, 580; Church views of, 587; parsi-
mony of, 622, 646 seq.; services to the
Navy, 649; at Tilbury, 649

Elizabethan age, character of, 787

Elizabethan architecture, 331 seq.

Elizabethan drama, 460465, 707710.
poetry, earlier, 465478; literature
(proper), 702 728; influences favouring,
725 seq.

Elizabethan society, 512523

Ely, Bishop of, and Sir Christopher Hat-
ton, 424

Eltham Palace, 232

Elyot, Sir Thomas, a pupil of More, 124;
" The Governour," 124, 135, 456

Empson and Dudley, executed, 2

Enclosure, under Henry VIII., 162, 163;
decline of, at end of 16th cent., 729;
effects of, 159, 480 seq.; interfered with,
by people of London, 208

English, as language of religion, 30

Epidemics, 190 seq., 366 seq., 763 seq.

Erasmus, quoted, 26; study of Greek,
113; paraphrase of New Testament, 114;
attitude to Reformation, 81, 115; Novum
Instrumentum, 114; influence on educa-
tion, 115 seq., 119; on English floors, 229

Essex, Earl of, in Ireland, 583; execution,
580

Essex, fertility of soil (c. 1590), 732

Etheridge, George, 150

Eton, discipline of, 239

Evesham, explorer, 658

" Evil May Day," 158, 210

Executions, under Henry VIII., 50, 52, 54;
in Scotland, 550, 553

Exeter, Henry Courtenay, Marquis of,
execution (1529), 52

Exploration, 109; and travel (15121558),
301^526; under Elizabeth, 654, 698;
Arctic, of Frobisher, 674678; of Davis,
687691



Fabyan, 134

Fairs, medieval, 186188

Farmers, prosperity of, 734

Farming. See Agriculture

Farrant, Richard, 700

Farthingale, 218, 530

Fasts, observance of, 493, 738

Fenton, Edward, 652, 682

Field of the Cloth of Gold, 3, 166; painting
of, attributed to John Crust, 336

Fisher, Bishop, 23, 114; and Christ's Col-
lege, Cambridge, 120

Fisheries under Elizabeth, 493 seq., 737, 738

Fitcli. Ralph, explorer, 657, 659 seq.

Fitzwilliam, Sir William, Earl of South-
ampton, admiral, 111

Flag, the English, under Elizabeth, 646

Flax, cultivation of, 347

Fletcher, Andrew, of Saltoun, proposals
for treatment of paupers, 362, 364

FLETCHER, C. R. L. : Town Life under the
Earlier Tudors, 174190

Flodden, Battle of, 2; description, 98, 100

Florida Sir John Hawkins and, 671

Food, under Henry VIII., 218, 234, 235; of
lower classes, 223; in Elizabethan
period, 538 seq., 733, 760; in Scotland,
396. 554

Foreicn influences on English literature,
130



INDEX.



793



Foreign relations (15581584) 417421
Foreign trade, under Henry VIII., 156, 157
Foreigners in Yorkshire, 176; attacks on,

158, 159, 209211

Forks, introduction of, 544, 554
Fortification, 101, 103
Fortune Theatre. 775
Fosterage in Ireland, 405
France, ambitions of, 2; peace of 1514, 3;
marriage of Louis XII. and Mary Tudor,
3; Treaty of Amiens, 19; break in liter-
ary history during 16th cent., 130; loss
of Calais to, 257, 259; English army in,
under Mary, 295; relations with
England, under Elizabeth, 417, 420, 421,
568, 569

Friaries suppressed (15381539), 72
Friars Observant, persecution of, 63, 64
Frobisher, Martin, voyages of, 674 678
Fur, use of, 395
Furness Abbey, 72, 76
Furniture, Scottish, in 16th cent., 393
Furniture, under Elizabeth, 543, 546, 734



Galligascons, 531

Galloglasses, 406 seq.

Games, under Henry VIII., 206; Scottish,
397

" Gammer Gurton's Needle," 462

Gaol fever, 767, 768

Gardening, revival of, 488; under Eliza-
beth, 546, 547

Gardiner, Stephen, Bishop, persecuted
under Edward VI., 260262; restored,
276; -attitude in Mary's reign, 270, 275

Gascoigne, George, 467, 468

GASQUET, F. A. : The Dissolution of the
Monasteries, 6277

Gavelkind, 404

" Gentlemen " in noble households, 518

Gentry under Elizabeth, 518; prosperity of,
733; tendency townwards, 734

George Noble, 344

Geraldine Rebellion, 563

Gerbier, Balthazar, 441

" Germans," the (reformers), at Cambridge,
114

Gibbons, Orlando, 701

Gilbert, Sir Humphrey, voyage and death
of, 683

Gilbert, William, physicist, 697

Gilpin, Bernard, quoted, 265

Girls, education of, 243

Glasgow, 551

Glass, in windows, 543

Glastonbury Abbey seized, and last Abbot
executed, 74. 75, 76

Globe Theatre, 775

Gloucester Friary, decay of, 24

Gold ing, Arthur, 472

Googe, Barnaby, 469, 472; and agriculture,
487 seq.

" Gorboduc," 462

Gosnold, Bartholomew, discovers Cape Cod,
695

" Gossipred," 405

Gosson, Stephen, 461, 474, 476

Grafton, 134

Grammar Schools, 120, 259, note, 328, 329

Graunt, John, estimate of population of
London, 511, 512

Gravelines, Navy at Battle of, 299

" Great Bed of Ware," 184

Great Harry, 103 sen., 157; burnt (1555),
300

Greek, study of, 29, 112, 122, 131

" Greeks " and " Trojans " at the Universi-
ties, 113



Greene, John, insurgent leader, 17

Greene, Robert, work of, 708, 709

Greenwich Palace, 232

Grenville, Sir Richard, and the Revenge,
664; founds colony in Virginia, 684

Grey, Lady Jane, and Ascham, 123; child-
hood of, 239, 243 ; reign of, 254 ; executed,
272

Grindal, Archbishop of Canterbury, 419, 426
seq., 434

Guiana, Raleigh's expedition to (U95), 695

Guilds, disendowed by Henry VIII., 168,
169; effect of, on industry, 176; pre-
served in London, 177

Guinea Company, 741

Gun-foundries established in F.ugland, 98

Gunpowder, 106

Guns, naval, 104, 106, 632



Hacket's plot, 614

Hair, wearing of, under Henry VIII., 216

Hakluyt, Richard, 724; references to, tee

Exploration Sections passim
Half-crown, earliest English, 344
Halyburton, Andrew, ledger of, 397
Hampton Court acquired by Henry VIII.,
231

Harbours, care for, under Henry VIII., 102

Harpers, Irish, 406

Harquebus, use of, 624 630; controversy as
to value. 627 seq.

Harvey, Gabriel, 474

HASSALL, A. : Constitution, the, under
Henry VIII., 912; Balance, the, of
Classes altered, 8290; England and
Europe (15581584), 417421; (15841603),
568570; Results of the victory over the
Armada, 575580

Hats of men, 532

Hatton, Sir Christopher, and the Bishop of
Ely, 424

Havenius, work of, 438

Havre, plague at, in 1563, 200, 201 ; English
occupation of, 417, 620

Hawes, Stephen, 130, 132

Hawkins, Sir John, as naval architect, 631;
enforces respect for flag, 644 eeq. ; pro-
tests against short supplies to fleet,
648; attacks on Spaniards, 650 seq.;
third voyage to America, 671; and
slavery, 740; introduces tobacco (1565).
778

Hawkins, Sir Richard, 644, 770

Hawkins, William, voyages to Brazil (1530
1532), 311

Headgear, under Elizabeth, 528

Health. See Public Health

Heath, Bishop of Worcester, imprisoned
under Edward VI., 261, 262; restored,
276

HEATH, H. FEANK: Scottish .uiterature.
141147

Hemp, cultivation of, 347

Henry Grace a Dieit. See Great Harry

Henry VIII., hopes for, 1; character and
abilities, 1, 56, 204; joins " Holy
League," 2; alliance with Charles V.,
34; at Field of Cloth of Gold, 3; attack
on France (1523), 4; captures Boulogne,
6; foreign policy of, 2, 6, 158; divorce,
6, 61; and Navy, 7; attitude to Consti-
tutional forms, 9, 251; revenue of, 9;
and the Church (15091529), 33, 34 ; and
Parliament, 43; after fall of Cromwell,
52; and his people, 54; disendowment
by, 56; debases coinage, 56, 164 166; as
Head of Church, 59 seq., 64; as theolo-
gian, 60, 78; and Protestantism, 78; and



794



IMiEX.



the English Bible, 283284; religious re-
action under, 7982; alleged deathbed
conversion, 80; excommunicated by
Pope Paul III., 81; influence on
nobility, 83 sty.; luxury of, in war, 94;
musical tastes of, 95; and the Navy,
102111; learning of, 123; as musical
composer, 148, 150; patronage of medi-
cine, 197; manners of, 203; extravagance
of, 156. 348; love of display, 203; festivi-
ties under, 203 seq. ; physical powers of,
204; recreations of, 204; dress of, 215;
palaces of, 230234; poor laws of, 354
seq. ; and Ireland, 414

Henryson, description of rural life, 390
* <'</.; quoted, 394

HEWIXS, W. A. S.; Problem, the, of Pau-
perism, 352366; Poor Laws, the, of
Elizabeth, 750763

Heywood, Jasper, his translations of
Seneca, 472

Heywood, John, 135

Highwaymen, 546

Billiard, Nicholas, miniature painter, 440

Historians ishanachies), Irish, 406

Hoby's translation of Castiglione's
" Courtier," 456

Hock Day, 537

Holbein, Hans, the younger, work of,
338342

Holborn, 781

" Holy League," the, 2

Holy Maid of Kent, prophecies of the, 63

Homilies, the, 423, 432

Honour of the flag, 644 seq.

Hoods, under Henry VIII., 216

Hooker, Richard, works of, 616618; his
followers, 618; his style. 722

Hoop, the, in dress, 530

Hooper, Bishop, burning of, 246 seq.; perse-
cution of, 257; objects to episcopal
vestments, 254; consecrated Bishop of
Gloucester, ibid.

Hooper, Rachel, 243, 244

Hops, 347, 732, 735

Horembout, family of, painters, 336

Horses, adorned, under Henry VIII., 215

Hose, 531

Hospitality, under Elizabeth, 784, 785

Hospitals, endowed by Edward VI., 269;
and poor relief, 361, 362

House of Commons. See Commons

House of Lords, effect of Reformation on,
83

Households of great nobles in Tudor
period, 234

Houses of 16th cent.. 331, 334; under Eliza-
beth, 543

Howard, of Effmgham, Lord. 299, 639

Howard, Sir Edward, Lord High Admiral,
109

Howard, Sir Thomas, Duke of Norfolk Ad-
miral, 109, *i"i .

HUGHES, REGINALD : Architecture and Art
(15091558), 330346; under Elizabeth,
435446

Hunter, William, martyr, 281

Hunting, 535, 536; in Scotland, 396

Hurst Castle. 103

Hussey, Lord, executed, 50

HUTTOX, W. H.: Religion and Literature
610620

Hydrography, 642

Hymn-book, the first English, 81



Iceland, English fisheries off, 738
Ightham Mote, 436
Illegitimacy, 758



[mages, veneration of, 81; removal of (1548).
264

Immigration, 498501

Independents, 419, 591, 593. 595

India, English travel in, 659 *v<i.

Indies, voyages to, stimulated by Drake's
enterprise, 682

Indulgences, 27, 81

Industry, shifting of centres, 176; Govern-
ment regulation of, 176, 177; undei
Elizabeth, 492 seq. ; stimulus to, given
by foreign immigrants, 498 neq.

Influenza, 368, 369

Injunctions, 430

Inns in medieval England, 183 eq. -. under
Elizabeth, 546, 782, 784; and the drama,
772

" Institution of a Christian Man," 78

Interest. See Usury

Ipswich, Wolsey's College at, 37; House of
Correction at, 759

Ireland (11691588), 398414; schools in,
398; early literature, 399; Brehons and
Brehon law, 400; structure of early
society, 401; land system, 402, 405;
chiefs, 404; fosterage and gossipred. 405;
bards, harpers, and shanachies, 406;
warfare, 406; conquest by English, 408;
annexed by Henry II., 403 seq.; govern-
ment and colonisation of, 409, 414;
English law in, 412: coinage of, 444;
under Elizabeth, 562565, 580536;
Shane O'Neill's rebellion (15631567),
418, 562; Desmond rebellion, 418, 563;
clearances and plantations, 564, 580;
Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, his re-
bellion, 580 583; Spanish invasion oi
(1601), 584; devastation of, 584
Italian influence on Elizabethan literature,

133, 476; on English morals, 526, 787
Italian language, study of, in England, 130,

JLdd

Italy, intercourse with, 112, 526



Jackman, Charles, voyage of, 670

Jacobean architecture, 438

James I. of England, 547, 548

James IV. of Scotland; killed at Flodden,

3
James V. of Scotland; marriage with Mary

of Guise. 6
Jenkinson, Anthony, travels of, 325, 326; in

Central Asia, 665; third journey, 669;

extent of travels. 670
Jernegam, Sir Henry, 299
Jervaulx Abbey, 70
Jewellery of Elizabeth, 530
Jeynes. Dr., 201
John, King, in Ireland, 408
John of Padua, architect, 435
Johnson, Robert, musical composer, 150
Jonsoii. Ben. dramatist. 719
Jousts, Henry VIII. in. 204
JOYCE, P. W.: Ireland and England (1179

1558), 398415; Disturbed Ireland do58

1584), 562565; the English in Ireland

(15841603), 580586
Jugglers, 234, 556



Katharine. See Catherine

Kell\, alchemist, 452

Kent and Amicable Loan, 19; "Holy Maid

of," 63; and Wyatt's rebellion, 255
Kern, 407
Kelt's rebellion, 346, 347; military features

of, 292, 294
Kimbolton, 230



INDEX.



795



Kings, Irish, 401 seq.

Kingston House, Bradford-on-Avon, 43b

Kinsale, Spanish force at, 584

Kirksted Abbey, 70

Knolles, R., historian, 723, 727

Knox John, on " Regiment of Women, 255,

276
Kyd, Thomas, 708 seq.

Labour, regulation of, 496498
Labourers, state of, under Elizabeth, 76t>,
744, 748, 749

Lace trade, 500

Lambeth Conference (1584), 6'

Land, " engrossing " of, 152 seq.

Land system and new nobility, 88; under
Heiiry VIII., 151 seq. ; transformation
of 346348, 478489; check to trans-
formation, 728736; in Scotland 389
sea.; of medieval Ireland, 402, 404

Latimer, Hugh, Bishop, as reformer, 29,
32- at Cambridge, 115; on enclosures,
155; attacks fashions in dress, 216; pro-
tests against confiscation of Church
property, 264; sent to Tower (1540), 79;
martyrdom of, 278 seq.

Latin decay of, in England, 29; competi-



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