Hamilton Child.

Gazetteer and business directory of Genesee County, N.Y., for 1869-70 online

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GAZETTEER ,,.^

BUSISESS DIRECTORY



OF



GEI^ESEE OOUlsrTY, K T..



FOE



1869-70



COMPILED AND PUBLISHED BY

HAMILTON CHILD.

AUTHOR OF WAYNE, ONTARIO, SENECA, CAYUGA, TOIIPKINS, ONONDAGA, MADI-
SON, COKTLAND, CHEMUNG, SCHUYLER, ONEIDA, STEUBEN, ORLEANS,
NIAGARA, MUNROE, CHENANGO, HERKIMER, M015TG0MERY,
FULTON, RENSSELAER, AND OTHER COUNTY DIRECTORIES.

Permanent Office, 23 & 34 E. Washington St., Syracuse, N. Y.



HANG UP THIS BOOK FOE FUTURE. EEPIIWPE.



SYRACUSE :

PRINTED AT THE JOURNAL OFFICE, 23 & 34 E. WASHINGTON STREET.

1869



14



GENESEE COUNTY BUSINESS DIRECT OBY.



THE REYNOLDS




*x::,_\



RE»IOLDS,BABBER 8cCo. SoZaaiga^ggtomAUBDRNi NY.






OTANUFACTURED EXCLUSIVELY BY US, UN J)ER REYNOLDS'^

PATENTS for Tempering Steel without the aid of any liquids, received the. only award
at the Great National Implement Trial, held at Auburn, in 1866. They possess the fol-
lowing superior qualities :

1. They are made with a fine Cutlery Temper at the edges.

2. They hold only a Spring Temper at the center and at the heel.

3. They are warranted perfectly uniform, every knife being exactly alike in temper.

4. "We warrant they can be ground from 8 to 10 times without losing their cutting
edge.

5. Finally, we will warrant them to cut from 40 to 50 acres of grain or grass without
''•bei'j'g^op*;^ ground.

, ', "Vy'S-aferttie solo Manriact'iTer? of these Knives in the United States.



REYNOLDS. BARBER & CO.



Steel Tempering Works, Auburn, N. Y.



,v^*



INTR ODVCTION. 1 5



IIVTJE2.0I3XJCTI01V



111 presenting the initial number of the " Gazetteer and Directory
of Genesee County " to the public, the publisher desires to
return his sincere thanks to all who have so kindly assisted
in obtaining the valuable information which it contains, and with-
out whose aid it would have been impossible to collect, in the brief
space of time in which it is essential that all such works should be
completed. Especially are our thanks due to the several editors of
the Republican Advocate, Progressive Batavian, Spirit of the Times,
Batavia-; and LeRoy Gazette, LeEoy, for the uniform kindness
which has been evinced in calling public attention to the au-
thor's efforts ; and to the following persons, viz., D. C. Rumsey,
School Commissioner; A. D. Lord, Superintendent of State Insti-
tution for the Blind, and R. McWilliams, Deputy Collector Internal
Revenue, Batavia, for essential aid in furnishing material for the
work. Many othei's in various sections of the County have kindly
volunteered their aid, to all of whom we return sincere thanks.

The following works were consulted in its preparation :
" French's Gazetteer of the State of New York ; " " Turner's Pio-
neer History of the Holland Purchase;" " Hammond's Political
History of the State of New York ; " " Hotchkin's History of the
Presbyterian Church in Western New York ; " " Census Reports
of 1865 ; " " Proceedings of" Board of Supervisors for 1868," and
(' Sketches of Batavia," by Wm. Seaver.

That errors may have occurred in so great a number of names
and dates as are here given, is probable, and that names have been
omitted that should have been inserted is quite certain. We can
only say that we have exercised more than ordinary diligence and
care in this difficult and complicated feature of book-making. To
such as feel aggrieved in consequence of error or omission, we beg
pardon, and ask the indulgence of the reader in marking such as
had been observed in the subsequent reading of the proofs, and
which are noted in the Errata, on page 223.



INTBODUGTION.



It is also suggested that our patrons observe and become familiar
with the explanations at the commencement of the Directory.

The Map of the County was engraved with great care by
Messrs. "Weed, Parsons & Co.," of Albany, and, it is believed, will ''
prove a valuable acquisition to the work.

The Advertisers represent some of the leading business men
and firms of the County, and also many enterprising and reliable
dealers in other parts of the State. We most cheerfully commend
them all to the patronage of those under whose observation these
pages may come.

With thanks to friends generally, we leave our work to secure
the favor which earnest endeavor ever wins from a discriminating
business public.

HAMILTON CHILD.



ALVIN L. BRIGGS,




STUDIO IW MOTCWS BLOCK,



•ALBION,



Orleans County, N. Y.



-o-



Having a natural talent for Paintins, aided by a course of instruction by some of the
most eminent artists in tMs country, since which time I have enjoyed quite an ex-
tended experience and practice in my profession, warrants me in feeling competent to
undertake any orders I may be favored with.

J^^OTy Patrons will Alwrays Find my Terms ReasonaMe.^^gfl

COPIES OF ORIGINAL PAINTINGS EXECUTED WITH FIDELITY.

^It orders will be thankfully received and promptly
attended to.



GENERAL CONTENTS-INDEX TO BUSINESS DIBECTOBY.



G-ENEBAL CONTENTS.

PAGE

Almanac or Calendar for 30 years 62

Brilliant Whitewash 59

Business Directory. 106-217

Capacity of Cisterns or Wells 58

CeusTis Report 218-219

Chemical Barometer 59

County Officers 221

Courts in Genesee County 221

Discount and Premium ... . 58

Distance Table 234

Errata ,. 223

Facts on Advertising .*. 58

French Decimal System of Weights and Measures 53-57

Gazetteer of County — 63-74

Gazetteer of Towns 75-105

Government Land Measure 52

How to get a Horse out of a Fire 59

Ho w to Judge a Horse 61

How to Secure the Public Lands 47-48

How to Succeed in Business 45-47

Interest Table 57

Law Maxims 48-52

Leech Barometer 59

Measurement of Hay in the Mow or. Stack ' 61

Postal Rates and Regulations 41-43

Post Offices and Postmasters. . - 222

Rules for Detecting Counterfeit or Spurious Bank Notes 44^5

Stamp Duties 34-40

Tables of Weights of Grain, Seeds, &c ...58

The States, their Settlement, &c 21-33

The Territories, their Area, &c 32-34

To Measure Grain in a Bin 59

IT. S. Internal Revenue Officers 221

Valuable Recipes 60-61



Index to Business Directory.



PAGE

Alabama 106

Alexander 211

Batavia 114

Bergen 133

Bethany 142

Byron 147

Darien 154



PAGE

Elba 163

Le Roy 170

Oakfield 182

Pavilion 1 87

Pembroke 194

Stafford 305



J. A. Clark, dealer in Clocks,
Watches, Jewelry, Cutlery and Fancy
Goods, No. 90 Main St., Batavia, N. Y., ad-
vertises on colored page 225. This is one of
the best furnished stores to be found in the
State, outside of the large cities, and is
equaled by but few anywhere. It is, in
fact, a first-class store as to goods and gen-
eral fitting up, and any one in want of any
article usually kept in such a store will find
Ivlr. Clark ready to furnish it on as reason-
able terms as any dealer in the State. Cus-
tomers can rely on getting the quality of
goods they bargain for. Call and see.

Alvin li. Briggs, whose card ap-
pears ou page 16, is a young artist of prom-
ise. He has already had quite extensive
experience in painting landscapes from na-



ture, while as a copyist he has few supe-
riors. We have no hesitation in recom-
mending our friends to engage pictures of
him. The only fault we know of to be
found with him, is, that his prices are so
low as to cause complaint among other
artists.

■W. S. BroTvn & Co., Carriage
Makers, at LeRoy, N. Y., can supply citi-
zens of Western New York with eleoant
and substantial work in their line. They
employ experienced workmen and use the
best of seasoned timber and the finest
Qualities of iron in their manufactures.
Citizens of Genesee Co. should patronize
home industries bv selecting their Buggies,
Wagons, or Cutters of this firm. See card,
page 217.



18



INDEX TO ADVJEETISEMENT8.



INDEX TO ADVERTISEMENTS.



PAGE

Academies, Schools Etc.

Ingham University, LeRoy ■. . 164

LeRoy Academic Institute 176

Agricultural Implements,

Allen, E. C, LeEoy 172

Anderson, J. R., LeRoy 172

Boyce & Fisher, Richville 220

Corbitt & Bradish, Batavia 122

Curtis, Hiram, Albion 227

Glen & Hall Manuf. Co., Rochester 216

Hurlburt, T. Batavia 126

Tulley, S. C, Bergen 118

Wiard, Harry, Oakfleld 196

Worthington, G. B., Batavia 152

Books, Stationery Etc.

Janes, G. M., Batavia 122

Mackey Bros., Batavia 144

Tryon & Main, Batavia 148

Boots and Sboes.

Kelsey, S. C, LeRoy 160

Kirkham, C. H., Batavia 112

Cancer Doctors.

Andrev7S, R., Bergen 140

Bishop, D. F., Lockport 156

Henion, J. B., Rochester 134

Kingsley, W. J. P., Rome 1

Carpets, Oil Clotbs Etc.

Holden, R. O., Batavia 2

Carriage Makers.

Boy ce & Fisher, Pembroke .220

Brown, Wm. 8. & Co., LeRoy 217

Carlton, C. L. & Co., LeRoy 144

Davey, Edward, Medina 196

Ladd, Thos. & Son, LeRoy 180

Miller & Foster, Batavia. .inside first cover
Phelps, Henry, Corfu 192

Clotliiers.

Bailey, L. R., Batavia 116

Kelsey, 8. C, LeRoy 160

Morton, W. &T., Bergen 140

Contractors and Builders.

McKenzie, Thos. & Co., Bergen 118

Coopers.

French, B. B. & Co., Elba 156

Corn and Bean Planters.

Allen, E. C, LeRoy 172

Crockery, Glassware Etc.

Dailey, M., Batavia 112

Wisner & Palmer, Rochester on map

Dentist.

Benjamin, H. H., Batavia 144

Druggists.

Fisher, A. S., Bergen 140

Hall, Henry W., Batavia 136

Tryon & Main, Batavia 148



PAGE

Dry Goods.

Burke, Fitzsimons, Hone & Co., Roch-
ester 226

Holden, R. O., Batavia 2

Flouring Mills.

Whitney, E. M., Elba 196

Furniture Dealer.

Fisher, J. P., LeRoy 160

Gents' Furnisbing Goods*

Bailey, L. R., Batavia 116

Kelsey, S. C, LeRoy 160

Groceries and Provisions.

Agar & Parker, Batavia 108

Dailey, M., Batavia 112

Kenyon, E. L. & G. D., Batavia 136

Gunsmith.

Burlingame, Warren, Alabama Center.. 108
Hardvrare.

Anderson, J. R., LeRoy 172

Tulley, S. C, Bergen 118

Worthington, G. B., Batavia 152

Hats, Caps Etc.

Kelsey, S. C, LeRoy 160

Hoop Skirts and Corsets.

Davis, L.& Son, Batavia 176

Hotels.

Mosman, H. W., Batavia 135

Search, Edward, LeRoy 180

HoTre's Ague Cure Etc.

Howe, C. B., Seneca Falls 20

Insurance Agent.

Showerman, James M., Batavia 117

liadies' Furnishing Goods.

Davis, L. & Son, Batavia 176

Ijandscape Painter.

Briggs, Alvin L., Albion 15

Iiumher Dealers.
McKenzie, Thos. & Co., Bergen 118

Manufacturers of Soap, Blueing,
Inks, Essences, Hair Oils Etc.

Hamilton & Palmer, East Pembroke. ..192
MarMe Works,

Hamilton, Joseph, Batavia 148

Millinery.

Jerome, L. Miss, Batavia 108

Mow^ers and Reapers.

Boyce & Fisher, Richville 220

Curtis, Hiram, Albion 227

Mower and Reaper Knives.

Reynolds, Barber & Co., Auburn 14



INDEX TO ADVERTISEMENTS.



19



Printing Offices.

Gazette, LeKoy... ipo

Progressive Batavian, Batavia.' 184

Kepubhcan Advocate, Batavia i qn

Spirit of the Times, Batavia. . . .' ." .' ! '. '. '. '. isoo

. P«»np Maker.

Bannister, Chas. H., LeRoy.



.168



Music & Musical Instruments.

Eedington & Howe, Syracuse on map

Painting and Paper Hanging.

Decot, Frank, Batavia 126

Paper Dealers.

Garrett, J. & F..B.. Syracuse 126

Shumway, E. A., Syracuse '2O8

Tremain, Chas. & Co., Manlius .".'.' 188

Paper Hangings, Window

Shades Etc.

Janes, G. M., Batavia 123

Photograph Artists.

Drury, A. K., LeRoy 156

Muuson, F, W., LeEoy i !!!!.' 176

Physicians.^

Andrews, R,, Bergen. . . 140

Bishop, D. F., Lockport 156

Henion, J. B., Rochester. .. . .' IQ4

Kingsley, W, J.P., Rome... . 1

Stone, Frank L., Stafford. ." ! ." .'l92

Pianos, Melodeons, Organs Etc.

Dodge & Lord, Ithaca 188

Janes, G. M., Batavia [ 122

Redington & Howe, Syracuse'.'.', .'.'.on map
Pictures, Picture Frames Etc.
Janes, G. M., Batavia 122

Printers' Supplies. lo , t -

Garrett, J. & F. B., Syracuse 19r n !,''• ^'^ batavia ] 995

Shumwky, E. A., Syracuse. .'.•.•.•; ! .' ! ] ; ."g^^ j ^"'^^;, f^^^^ & Co., New York, on'



.... 156
wi„i,f Raspberry Plants.

Wight, Warren, Waterloo 154

I Real Estate Aeents.

Thomson, C. B., LeRoy _°.

Sash, Doors and Blinds.

McK^nzie, ThoB. & Co., Bergen lis

Silver and Silver Plated Ware.

Annin, James, LeRov. ona

Clark, J. A., Batavia:. . .'.' 00^

Wisner & Palmer, Roche's't'er.'. '.'.'. '.'on 'map

T? i®?,"y®*' Heading Etc.

French, B. B. & Co., Elba. . * . . . ; . . . . .156

Stoves, Tinware Etc.

Anderson, J. R., LeRoy 170

Tully, S. C, Bergen. . .... ]\t

Worthington, G. B., Batavia. . .'.'.'.'.'.'..'. .'isj

m u T ^ l^ndertaker.

Fisher, J. P., LeRoy



W^atches, Jewelry Etc.

Annin, James, LeRoy.



.160



208



map and.



r^ nf ^m"?" OTanufacturIng

Co., of Rochester, manufacture superior
Threshmg Machines, Horse Powerrand
other agricultural implements. Their works
have been established more than 40 vearT
during which time they have supplied ma-
chines to many thousand customers in all
parts of the country. For further particu-
lars of this worthy establishment, we refer
the reader to their advertisement on page

T?i'F/n^Po*'*"^"*^?-y''* Wholesale and
Retail Paper Warehouse, Syracuse, is
always supplied with a large assortient
?»i. Pu®-''v^u^''°.?,'''"y ^^^ Printers' Mater-
ials, which he will furnish to the trade or
to consumers on as good terms as any
house in Central New York, Mr 8 un
derstands the wants of the public and will
rfZl ""^ ?^'?u' *° «"^t l^is customers^-
a rifi ht?"^ others will do well to give him

cartpaS.^"''^''"^^ ^^^^^^«^^- ^'^

TiiF*?^?'* Davey, Carriage and Sleieh
Manufacturers, Medina, N. / advertisls
SiUfnfJ^'' manufactory waJ'eslab!

haveio^f^?^®^/^ %°' ^°d "8 products
nave gone far and wide over this and ad -

Sainki^H '^\' ^««* materia?s\'fe
used and skilled workmen employed He
buys his stock for cash and can do asgood

iTthis'Ve^ioT \P"'^,t ?i? ^°y ««*^^^^^^^^^
in tnis region. As all his work is warrant-
ed people need not fear to ourchare • tw
will be honorably dealt with ' ^



K,??^i* ?*?S8ley, of Rome, justly cele-
th«t'^n°.'iH '"'^^.y cures he h'as effected of
l/ihp?^p°^' distressing disease, Cancer, pub-
lishes a notice on page 1. :He is Drenared
to reatall scrofulWfs diseafes, Ld oS

that tlffiv^lr^v''?^ \'''"«« 'lis patients
that they will not be charged a heavy bill
and dismissed without receiving any bene-
^L^^?'^°'^-^ ^"1° cannot conveniently call
fFn^r „'^ 111. person, can address him by
letter, and will receive prompt attention,
n™. f;,i^^ graduate, wit£ an experience of
over fourteen years in the practice of medi-
cine. Let the afflicted give him a call.

Burke, Pitzslmons, Hone &
Co., Importers, Jobbers and Retailers of
iJry Goods, Fancy Goods and Woolens, No
53 Main street, Rochester, publish a card
fn°i^f ^?^- This House 'was established
in 1849, _ since which time its success has
been uninterrupted, each year increasina- its
amount of business. Their annual siles
amount to the enormous sum of near
|1,500,000, their trade extending from the
Eastern portions of the State to the "Far
Sp? Af fl^'^C'ipying, as they do, fally 25,000
feet of flooring m actual business depart-
ments, every portion of which is crowded
with immense piles of goods from foreien
countries, as well as of domestic mannflc-
ture renders the facUities of this house for
Jobbing equal to any in the country The
firm are also proprietors of the "Genesee

ture 100,000 yards of goods annually.



eENBSBE COWNTY BUSIIfZSS DIBBCTOBT.




orMtaeralPoS N g"e?"n?Z,„V,fS,'S*l"'' "d mtirllj, free from Q„l„i„e
>-. a. Howe, ^<^];^^oprietor^eneoa malls':^. Y.

Howe's Concentrated Syrup.



or Glands, Salt Eheum, Scafd S Camn tVI'^T''''- ^V^*^''' ^^^ Swellings of the Throat
Pimples, Sores, Mercurial and STOhmt1?^i8e««'p?7n'P^^^?' Carbuncles, Soils Blotches
,^.i!,er- Kidneys ; also Catarrh, fflmatfsm P?1p« ' r?^''^'^ V°° ^"^^ ^outh and Throat'



f^lVl. p., PropV, Seneca Fails, N. Y.




in all respects except' iS sic va?u1^' '^"^"'^ ««g°°^ ^^ GoW
timJ-kYeS?f^^'^""°'^^'l ^y ^P*^"^! certificate to be accurate
l^u^^ti'}"^'' (^^"'^^^^ flunting-Case Silver Watches,
W^ef,l?|anr$T"* ^^^^^'^^^'^ ^^^^^. I'"" Jeweled,)
ciSr^ISS StS?s '^^^ ^"° *^— t Bta-ps for
in^St'^vrriltf ' *'"*'"'' '''*"'"*' ^^ ^"^ t° $8. ^e«,e^.^

an^ra'' Wa?ch~''''^^ '^^ ^'^'^^^^ «* o^ce, we wiU send
1^=- Eemember our only office is as below

J^MES GERJIRB d; CO.,

(-^o^eA^entsM rnVrn^^ 35 ^assa. Street, (up stairs.) NEW YORK.




TEE STATES, THEIR SETTLEMENT, ETC. 21



THE STATES,

THEIR SETTIiEMENT, ADMITTANCE TO THE UNIOlir, POPULATION,
SUFFRAGE LAWS, ETC.



. ^j^jHSAJPfM was settled near Mobile, in 1703, by tbe Frencli ; was
formed into a Territory by act of Congress, approved Marck 3, 1817,
from tke eastern portion of the Territory of Mississippi ; framed a Con-
stitution August 2, 1819, and was admitted into the Union December
14 of the same year. Area 50,722 square miles, or 32,462,080 acres. —
Population in 1860, 964,201, of whom 435,080 were slaves. It is the chief
cotton growing State of the Union. White male citizens who have re-
sided one year in the State and three months in the county, are entitled
to vote. An election for a Convention was tield December 24, 1860,
and a majority of over 50,000 votes cast for secession ; the Convention
met Januaiy 7, 1861, and on the 11th passed the ordinance of secession, by
a vote of 61 to 39, which was followed on the 21st by the resignation of
its members of Congress.

^:%jS'i;?lJ\/'S^S was settled at Arkansas Post in 1685, by the French,
and was part of the Louisiana purchase ceded by France to the United
States, April 30, 1803. It was formed into a Territory by act of Congress,
March 2, 1819, from the southern part of the Territory of Missouri ; its
western boundary was settled May 26, 1824, and its southern. May 19,
1828. Having adopted a Constitution, a memorial was presented in
Congress, March 1, 1836, and an act for its admission into 'the Union
passed June 15 of the same year. Area 52,198 square miles, or 33,406,-
720 acres. In 1860 its population was 435,450, of whom 111,115 were
slaves. It is an agricultural State, its staples being corn and cotton. —
Citizenship and residence in the State for six months, qualify voters in the
county and district where they reside. January 16, 1861, its Legislature
ordered a State Convention, which assembled, and on May 6, voted to
secede, 69 to 1. January 4, 1864, a Convention assembled in Little
Rock, which adopted a new Constitution, the principle feature of which
consisted in a clause abolishing slavery. The Convention adjourned
Januaiy 22. This body also inaugurated a Provisional Government.
The Constitution was submitted to the people, and 12,177 votes cast for it,
to 226 against it. The State was re-organized under the plan, contained
in the Amnesty Proclamation of President Lincoln, in pursuance of
which an election was held March 14, 1864. The vote required under the
Proclamation was 5,405. About 16,000 votes were cast.
B



22 THE STATES, THEIR SETTLEMENT, ETC.

CAI^IJFO'RjyiA. was settled at Diego in 1768, by Spaniards, and was
part of the territory ceded to the United States by Mexico, by the treaty
concluded at Guadaloupe Hidalgo, February 32,1848. After several inef-
fectual attempts to organize it as a Territory or admit it as a State, a
law was passed by Congress for the latter purpose, which was approved
September 9, 1850. Area 188,981 square miles, or 120,947,784 acres.
Population in 1860, 305,439. It is the most productive gold mining re-
gion on the continent, and also abounds in many other minerals. —
White male citizens of the United States, and those of Mexico who may
choose to comply with the provisions of the treaty of Queretaro, of May 30,
1848, who have resided in the State six months and in the county or dis-
trict thirty days, are entitled to vote.

<?6>.;r^^<?y7"<?Z7'jrwas settled at Windsor, in 1633, by English Puri^
tans from Massachusetts, and continued under the jurisdiction of that Prov-
ince until April 23, 1663, when a separate charter was granted, which con-
tinued in force until a Constitution was formed, September 15, 1818. It was
one of the original thirteen States, and ratified the United States Con-
stitution, January 9, 1788. Area 4,674 square miles, or 2,991,360 acres.
Population in 1860, 460,147. It is one of the most densely populated
and principal manufacturing States in the Union. Residence for six
months, or military duty for a year, or payment of State tax, or a free-
hold of the yearly value of seven dollars, gives the right to vote.

^BZAJrA^B y^2& settled at Wilmington, early in 1638, by Swedes
and Finns ; was granted to William Penn, in 1682, and continued under
the government of Pennsylvania until the adoption of a Constitution,
September 30, 1776 ; a new one was formed June 12, 1793. It was one
of the original thirteen States, and ratified the United States Constitu-
tion, December 7, 1787. Area 3.120 square miles, or 1,356,800 acres. —
Population, in 1860, 113,216, of whom 1,798 were slaves. It is a grain and
fruit growing State, with some extensive manufactories. Residence in
the State one year, and ten days in the election district, with payment
of a State or county tax assessed ten days prior to an election, gives the
right to vote, except that citizens between twenty-one and twenty-two
years of age need not have paid the tax.

Ifl/O^I^'A. was settled at St. Augustine, in 1565, by Spaniards ; was
formed from part of the territory ceded by Spain to the United States
by treaty of February 22, 1819; an act to authorize the President to
establish a temporary government was passed March 3, 1819; articles
of surrender of East Florida were framed July 10, and of West Florida,
July 17, 1821, and it was then taken possession of by General Jackson
as Governor. An act for the establishment of a Territorial Govern-
ment was passed March 30, 1823, and by act of March 3, 1823, EmsI and
West Florida were constituted one Territory. Acts to establish its
boundary line between Georgia and Alabama were passed May 4, 1826,
and March 3, 1831. After several inefi"ectual attempts to organize it
into two Territories, or into a State and Territory, an act for its admis-
sion into the Unign was passed March 3, 1845. Area 59,368 square
miles, or 37,930,530 acres. Population, in 1860; 140,435, of whom
61,745 were slaves. It is an agricultural State, tropical in its climate and
products. Every free white male citizen^ who has resided in the State
two years and in the county six months, and has been enrolU'd in the
militia (unless exempt by law,) is qualified to vote ; but no soldier, seaman



THE STATES, TMEIR SETTLEMENT, ETC. 23

or marine can vote unless qualified before enlistment. Its Legislature
called a Convention, December 1, 1860, which met January 3, 1861, and
passed a secession ordinance on the 10th by a vote of 63 to 7.



GrSO^GIA was settled at Savannah, in 1733, by the English under
General Oglethorpe. It was chartered June 9, 1732; formed a Con-
stitution Februarys, 1777; a second in 1785 and a third May 30, 1798. —
It was one of the original thirteen States, and ratified the United States
Constitution January 2, 1788. Area 58,000 square miles, or 37,120,000
acres. Population, in 1860, 1,057,286, of whom 462,198 were slaves. It is
a large cotton and rice growing State. Citizens of the State, six months
resident of the county where voting, who have paid taxes the year pre-
ceding the election, are entitled to vote. November 18, 1860, its Legis-
lature ordered an election for a State Convention, which assembled and
passed a secession ordinance January 19, 1861, by a vote of 208 to 89, and
on the 23d of the same month its members of Congress resigned.

IJ^IfIJ\rOIS was settled at Kaskaskia, in 1683, by the French, and
formed part of the northwestern territory ceded by Virginia to the
United States. An act for dividing the Indiana Territory and organizing
the Territory of lUinois, was passed by Congress, February 3, 1809 ; and
an act to enable it to form a State Constitution, Government, &c., was
passed April 18, 1818 ; a Constitution was framed August 26, and it was
admitted into the Union December 23 of the same year. Area 54,405
square miles, or 64,819,200 acres. Population, in 1860,1,711,951. It is the
chief "prairie" State, and the largest grain growing and second largest



Online LibraryHamilton ChildGazetteer and business directory of Genesee County, N.Y., for 1869-70 → online text (page 1 of 30)